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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936233/general-practitioners-experiences-and-perceptions-of-mild-moderate-depression-management-and-factors-influencing-effective-service-delivery-in-rural-australian-communities-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tamishka De Silva, Anjali Prakash, Sandhya Yarlagadda, Marjia Daniella Johns, Kate Sandy, Vibeke Hansen, Sue Phelan, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in Australia face significant disadvantages relating to geographical isolation and limited access to mental health services. Documenting general practitioners' (GP) experiences and perception of mental health services in rural Australia may be useful to gain insight into rural GP management of mild to moderate depression. AIMS: To explore GPs' experience and views on which factors influence access to mental health services for mild to moderate depression...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932260/retraction-note-to-correlates-comorbidities-and-suicidal-tendencies-of-problematic-game-use-in-a-national-wide-sample-of-korean-adults
#2
Subin Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Jung Woo Son, Haesoo Kim, Jin Pyo Hong
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0143-5.].
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#3
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855963/common-mental-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-umbrella-review-of-prevalence-and-intervention-studies
#4
Giulia Turrini, Marianna Purgato, Francesca Ballette, Michela Nosè, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. In this population, up-to-date information on the rate and characteristics of mental health conditions, and on interventions that can be implemented once mental disorders have been identified, are needed. This umbrella review aims at systematically reviewing existing evidence on the prevalence of common mental disorders and on the efficacy of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions in adult and children asylum seekers and refugees resettled in low, middle and high income countries...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855962/does-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-service-training-result-in-equivalent-knowledge-gain-among-cadres-of-non-specialist-health-workers-in-uganda-a-pre-test-post-test-study
#5
Angela Akol, Joyce Nalugya, Sylvia Nshemereirwe, Juliet N Babirye, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Early identification and management of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) disorders helps to avert mental illness in adulthood but a CAMH treatment gap exists in Uganda. CAMH integration into primary health care (PHC) through in-service training of non-specialist health workers (NSHW) using the World Health Organisation (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) Intervention Guide (IG) is a strategy to address this gap. However, results of such training are not supported by information on training development or delivery; and are undifferentiated by NSHW cadre...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#6
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828037/concordance-of-the-indian-mental-healthcare-act-2017-with-the-world-health-organization-s-checklist-on-mental-health-legislation
#7
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: India is revising its mental health legislation with the Indian Mental Healthcare Act 2017 (IMHA). When implemented, this legislation will apply to over 1.25 billion people. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a Resource Book (WHO-RB) on mental health, human rights and legislation, including a checklist of 175 specific items to be addressed in mental health legislation or policy in individual countries. Even following the publication of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2006), the WHO-RB remains the most comprehensive checklist for mental health legislation available, rooted in UN and WHO documents and providing the most systematic, detailed framework for human rights analysis of mental health legislation...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828036/lack-of-access-to-mental-health-services-contributing-to-the-high-suicide-rates-among-veterans
#8
Ronald D Hester
The United States has become a country that is constantly at war. This situation has created a crisis amongst our veterans. The current uneven access to appropriate mental health services that returning U.S. veterans encounter echoes the disparities in access to quality mental health services for the general population. The information presented here shows that the shortcomings of our health care system in addressing the mental health needs for our returning veterans may lead to the high suicide rates. Addressing the problem of inadequate access to quality mental health services is critical in any efforts to reforming the U...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811835/mental-health-care-providers-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-suicide-prevention-amongst-people-with-substance-use-disorders-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#9
Daniel Goldstone, Jason Bantjes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a well-established, and potentially modifiable, risk factor for suicide. Suicide prevention interventions are typically framed within the biomedical paradigm and focus on addressing individual risk factors, improving access to psychiatric care, and improving the skills of medical personnel to recognise at-risk individuals. Few studies have focused on contextual factors that hinder suicide prevention in people with substance use disorders, particularly in low-resource settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725260/help-seeking-and-suicidality-among-people-with-epilepsy-in-a-rural-low-income-country-setting-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Ruth Tsigebrhan, Charlotte Hanlon, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUNDS: Epilepsy is a serious neurological disorder associated with a high level of psychiatric comorbidity. Suicidality is a recognised complication of epilepsy. As part of developing an integrated service for people with epilepsy (PWE) and priority psychiatric disorders within primary care, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural district in Ethiopia to investigate patterns of help-seeking, suicidality and the association with duration of untreated epilepsy (DUE) among PWE...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670339/mental-health-services-conceptualised-as-complex-adaptive-systems-what-can-be-learned
#11
Louise A Ellis, Kate Churruca, Jeffrey Braithwaite
Despite many attempts at promoting systems integration, seamless care, and partnerships among service providers and users, mental health services internationally continue to be fragmented and piecemeal. We exploit recent ideas from complexity science to conceptualise mental health services as complex adaptive systems (CASs). The core features of CASs are described and Australia's headspace initiative is used as an example of the kinds of problems currently being faced. We argue that adopting a CAS lens can transform services, creating more connected care for service users with mental health conditions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670338/exploring-the-potential-implementation-of-a-tool-to-enhance-shared-decision-making-sdm-in-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-views-of-service-users-carers-and-professionals
#12
Helen Brooks, Kamelia Harris, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers, Richard Drake
BACKGROUND: As a response to evidence that mental health service users and carers expect greater involvement in decisions about antipsychotic medication choice and prescribing, shared decision-making (SDM) has increasingly come to be viewed as an essential element of person-centred care and practice. However, this aspiration has yet to be realised in practice, as service users and carers continue to feel alienated from healthcare services. Existing understanding of the factors affecting the use of tools to support SDM is limited to inter-individual influences and wider factors affecting potential implementation are underexplored...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630647/patterns-of-psychiatric-admissions-and-predictors-of-patient-s-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-a-retrospective-study
#13
Sinan Tadesse, Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kirose Abraha, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric morbidity burden accounts 12.45% of the disease admission burden in Ethiopia; only two referral hospitals are found to manage all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the predictors of patient outcomes. METHOD: A 3 years retrospective patients' cards, charts and medical notes review in psychiatry case admission department of Jimma university teaching and training specialised hospital was conducted. All the admitted cases included in this study...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603552/problem-management-plus-pm-in-the-management-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-specialized-mental-healthcare-facility-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Syed Usman Hamdani, Zainab Ahmed, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Aqsa Masood, Parveen Akhtar, Hania Amin, Richard A Bryant, Katie Dawson, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman, Fareed Aslam Minhas
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed Problem Management Plus (PM+), a 5-session, psychological intervention program delivered by trained non-specialist that addresses common mental disorders. The objectives of this study are to evaluate effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of PM+ in a specialized mental health care facility in Pakistan. METHODS: A single blind individual randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be carried out in the outpatient department of a specialized mental healthcare facility in Rawalpindi, Pakistan...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603551/mental-distress-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-students-at-the-university-of-hargeisa-somaliland-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Liban Hersi, Kenfe Tesfay, Hailay Gesesew, Wolfgang Krahl, Deria Ereg, Markos Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Mental distress is a common finding among University students. Empirical research has confirmed that the University student population has a higher prevalence of mental disorder than the general population. However, no previous study has examined the mental health conditions of students in Somaliland. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 570 undergraduate students at the University of Hargeisa in October, 2013...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#16
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603549/current-situations-and-future-directions-for-mental-health-system-governance-in-nepal-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#17
Nawaraj Upadhaya, Mark J D Jordans, Ruja Pokhrel, Dristy Gurung, Ramesh P Adhikari, Inge Petersen, Ivan H Komproe
BACKGROUND: Assessing and understanding health systems governance is crucial to ensure accountability and transparency, and to improve the performance of mental health systems. There is a lack of systematic procedures to assess governance in mental health systems at a country level. The aim of this study was to appraise mental health systems governance in Nepal, with the view to making recommendations for improvements. METHODS: In-depth individual interviews were conducted with national-level policymakers (n = 17) and district-level planners (n = 11)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503193/correlates-comorbidities-and-suicidal-tendencies-of-problematic-game-use-in-a-national-wide-sample-of-korean-adults
#19
Subin Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Jung Woo Son, Haesoo Kim, Jin Pyo Hong
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, correlates, comorbidities, and suicidal tendencies of problematic game use in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults. METHODS: Of the 6022 subjects who participated in the 2011 Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area study and completed the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1, 1397 game users were evaluated for problematic game use using 9-item DSM-5 proposed criteria for Internet gaming disorder...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473869/common-mental-disorder-and-its-association-with-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-students-ethiopia
#20
Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile, Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorder (CMD) is prevalent in industrialized and non-industrialized countries. The prevalence of CMD among university students was 28.8-44.7% and attributed to several risk factors, such as schooling. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of CMD. In addition, the association between CMD and academic performance was tested. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 422 students at Debre Berhan university from March to April 2015...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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