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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

Helen Brooks, Karen James, I Irmansyah, Budi-Anna Keliat, Bagus Utomo, Diana Rose, Erminia Colucci, Karina Lovell
Background: Indonesia has the highest rate of years of life lost to disability or early death from Schizophrenia than any other country in the world. More than 90% of people with mental illness do not get any treatment and tens of thousands of people with psychosis are illegally detained ('pasung') in the family home. Civic engagement, a core part of the recent World Health Organisation global strategy, has the potential to address some of these challenges through the development of person-centered models of care...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley
Background: Members of the public frequently perform mental health first aid actions in daily life, and people with mental health problems often cite informal supports as motivators of professional treatment seeking. However, a thorough understanding of how, when and why these actions are undertaken is lacking. This research aimed to investigate the helping experiences of community members trained in Mental Health First Aid, understand the factors that might facilitate and deter helping behaviours, and develop a preliminary model that outlines the process of providing help to someone with a mental health problem...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
K Mathias, A Pandey, G Armstrong, P Diksha, M Kermode
Background: Mental illness is a leading cause of the disease burden among young people. Poor mental health is linked to childhood adversity such as gender inequality, poverty and low educational attainment. Psycho-social assets in adolescents can moderate these impacts and be strengthened. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a brief mental health and resilience intervention among disadvantaged young women in urban North India. Methods: We used an uncontrolled repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of the 15-module mental health and resilience curriculum among young women residing in a slum in Dehradun, Uttarakhand...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Endang R Surjaningrum, Anthony F Jorm, Harry Minas, Ritsuko Kakuma
Background: Non-professional community health workers have been widely reported as possibly having a role in mental health. In Indonesia, their role is currently being introduced in the national health system for perinatal depression. Prior publications have shown that it is generally considered feasible and acceptable by key stakeholders for community health workers to identify and refer women experiencing mental health issues during their perinatal phase to primary care. However, characteristics and competencies required for these workers have not yet been identified...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Nicola Hancock, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Kirsty Mckenzie
Background: Transition from prison to community is a challenging time for all people who have been incarcerated. It is particularly challenging for those also living with serious and persistent mental illness. This study explored staff experiences and perspectives of what helped and hindered them in their work to support that transition. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 mental health staff working across three service sectors directly engaged in the process of supporting people with mental illness transitioning from prison to community; the forensic mental health provider Justice Health, Community Mental Health and a non-government delivered community-based service called Partners in Recovery...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Liana E Chase, Kedar Marahatta, Kripa Sidgel, Sujan Shrestha, Kamal Gautam, Nagendra P Luitel, Bhogendra Raj Dotel, Reuben Samuel
Background: The World Health Organization's 'building back better' approach advocates capitalizing on the resources and political will elicited by disasters to strengthen national mental health systems. This study explores the contributions of the response to the 2015 earthquake in Nepal to sustainable mental health system reform. Methods: We systematically reviewed grey literature on the mental health and psychosocial response to the earthquake obtained through online information-sharing platforms and response coordinators (168 documents) to extract data on response stakeholders and activities...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Corrado Barbui, Davide Papola, Benedetto Saraceno
In 1978 Italy implemented Law Number 180, the reform law that blocked all new admissions to public mental hospitals. After 40 years without mental hospitals, we aim at understanding the consequences of the Italian reform in terms of mental health care facility and staff availability. We compared the organization of the Italian mental health system with that of countries belonging to the Group of 7 (G7) major advanced economies. Italy has nearly 8 psychiatrists, 20 nurses, 2 social workers and less than 3 psychologists per 100,000 population, while for example in France there were 22 psychiatrists, in Japan 102 nurses, in the United States 18 social workers, and in Canada and France more than 45 psychologists per 100,000 population...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Telake Azale, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
Background: Postpartum depression is an important but neglected public health issue in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to assess postpartum depressive (PPD) symptoms and associated factors in a rural Ethiopian setting characterized by high social adversity and reproductive health threats. We hypothesized that infant gender preference would be associated with PPD symptoms. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted in Sodo district, southern Ethiopia, between March and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Jill Manthorpe, Charlotte Hanlon
Background: There is international recognition of the need for service user and caregiver involvement in mental health system strengthening. However, little is known about how best to integrate this approach into the mental healthcare system; what works to advance involvement, under what conditions, how and when does involvement bring added value, and how can it work in resource-poor settings in low and middle-income countries. Objective: To describe the methodology for a realist systematic review protocol to synthesise the evidence to explain the contexts, outcomes, and underlying mechanisms for involvement of service users with severe mental health problems and their caregivers in mental healthcare policy-making and planning, advocacy, service development, monitoring and improvement...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Lily N A Kpobi, Leslie Swartz
Background: In many low- and middle-income countries, faith healing is used alongside biomedical treatment for many health problems including mental disorders. Further, Christianity in Africa has seen much transformation in recent decades with the growth of charismatic or neo-prophetic churches whose doctrines include healing, miracles and prophecies. As such, many charismatic pastors have been engaged in faith healing for many years. Such faith healers form a significant portion of the mental health workforce in these countries, partly due to the limited number of biomedically trained professionals...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Nazmun Nahar Nuri, Malabika Sarker, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Mohammad Didar Hossain, Claudia Beiersmann, Albrecht Jahn
Background: Health systems in Bangladesh are not fully organized to provide optimal care services to patients with mental health problems. There is both a lack of resources and a disproportional distribution of the available resources. To design an equitable health system and plan interventions to improve access to care, a better understanding of mental health care-seeking behavior and care pathways are crucial. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted using a mixed-method design at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in Bangladesh...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Haftom Desta, Tesfay Berhe, Solomon Hintsa
Background: Satisfaction is the psychological state that results from confirmation or disconfirmation of expectations with reality. Patients' satisfaction is a healthcare recipient's reaction to salient aspect of the contexts, process and result of their service experience. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among outpatients receiving mental health services at public hospitals in Mekelle town. Objectives: To assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among outpatients receiving mental health services at public hospitals in Mekelle town, northern Ethiopia...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Naomi Gyamfi, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Ernest Appiah Kyei
Introduction: Mental illness can affect anyone irrespective of race, gender or personal characteristics. The study sought to investigate health workers' Knowledge on Mental Health Legislation in Ghana focusing on the Certificate of Urgency. Methods: A descriptive study design was employed for this study. The study population included medical doctors, physician assistants, and nurses/midwives. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 384 respondents for the study...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Stella Mokitimi, Marguerite Schneider, Petrus J de Vries
Background: Mental health problems represent the greatest global burden of disease among children and adolescents. There is, however, lack of policy development and implementation for child and adolescent mental health (CAMH), particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where children and adolescents represent up to 50% of populations. South Africa, an upper-middle income country is often regarded as advanced in health and social policy-making and implementation in comparison to other LMICs...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Nenden Hikmah Laila, Renti Mahkota, Tri Krianto, Siddharudha Shivalli
Background: The UN resolution recommends treating all mentally ill patients with humanity and respect. However, social stigma continues to prevail for patients with schizophrenia. Physical restraint and confinement of the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon in Indonesia and is termed as pasung . Objective: To explore the perceptions of family members of patients of schizophrenia and other key stakeholders concerning pasung in Bogor Regency, West Java Province 2017...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Rie Chiba, Maki Umeda, Kyohei Goto, Yuki Miyamoto, Sosei Yamaguchi, Norito Kawakami
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0178-7.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Qing Wang, Zhiming Yang
Background: Exogenous stressors resulting from air pollution can lead to depression and chronic disease. Chinese levels of air pollution are among the highest in the world, and although associated adverse health effects are gradually emerging, research determining individual vulnerability is limited. This study estimated the association between air pollution and depressive symptoms and identified whether chronic disease influences an individual's susceptibility to depressive symptoms relating to air pollution...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Sang-Uk Lee, Minah Soh, Vin Ryu, Chul-Eung Kim, Subin Park, Sungwon Roh, In-Hwan Oh, Hye-Young Lee, SungKu Choi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-018-0187-1.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Moges Ayehu, Misganu Endriyas, Emebet Mekonnen, Mekonen Shiferaw, Tebeje Misganaw
Background: Outbreaks of mass psychogenic illness (MPI), which are a constellation of physical signs and symptoms suggestive of organic illness with no identifiable causes. MPI has been documented in numerous cultural, ethnic, and religious groups throughout the world. The aims of this study were to document the nature and impacts of the illness, to assess interventions, and to come up with recommendations and management formulations for dealing with such kinds of outbreaks in the future...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Eva Brekke, Lars Lien, Kari Nysveen, Stian Biong
Background: Recovery-oriented practice is recommended in services for people with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Understanding practitioners' perceptions of recovery-oriented services may be a key component of implementing recovery principles in day-to-day practice. This study explores and describes staff experiences with dilemmas in recovery-oriented practice to support people with co-occurring disorders. Methods: Three focus group interviews were carried out over the course of 2 years with practitioners in a Norwegian community mental health and addictions team that was committed to developing recovery-oriented services...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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