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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090016/interventions-to-increase-use-of-services-mental-health-awareness-in-nigeria
#1
Julian Eaton, Emeka Nwefoh, Godwin Okafor, Ugochukwu Onyeonoro, Kenneth Nwaubani, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: Mental health services in Nigeria consist mainly of large government psychiatric hospitals and there are very few mental health professionals to serve the large population of the country. However, more recently, community mental health services, which have been shown to improve access to care and clinical outcomes are beginning to develop in some locations. Despite efforts to promote more accessible services, low levels of knowledge about effective treatment of mental disorders means that even where these services are available, a very small proportion of people utilise these services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075320/psychiatrists-role-in-primary-health-care-in-greece-findings-from-a-quantitative-study
#2
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara, Marina Economou
BACKGROUND: Although the need for integration of mental health services into primary care is well established little has been done. The outbreak of the recession found the Greek mental health system in transition. As a response to the crisis, governments implemented horizontal budget cuts instead of health reforms. This resulted in an unfavorable situation for mental health which was set once again on the sidelines of the health policy agenda. Previous studies suggest that the most prevalent disorders in the years of financial crisis in Greece are depression and anxiety while a general increase of the psychiatric morbidity is observed does not follow the population' needs...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075319/a-qualitative-analysis-of-psychosocial-outcomes-among-women-with-sexual-violence-related-pregnancies-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Jennifer Scott, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Philipp Kuwert, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Gillian Burkhardt, Monica Onyango, Michael VanRooyen, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is prevalent in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and has potentially devastating psychosocial consequences. Previous studies have reported on sexual violence and its impact on the mental health of survivors, but there are few studies conducted among women with sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). Women with SVRPs may be at greater risk of complex psychosocial outcomes, including social stigmatization. This study aimed to describe psychosocial outcomes among this subgroup of sexual violence survivors in order to inform future interventions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046715/mental-health-training-for-primary-health-care-workers-and-implication-for-success-of-integration-of-mental-health-into-primary-care-evaluation-of-effect-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-kap
#4
Getinet Ayano, Dawit Assefa, Kibrom Haile, Asrat Chaka, Kelemua Haile, Melat Solomon, Kalkidan Yohannis, Akilew Awoke, Kemal Jemal
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are always remained a neglected public health problems in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), most people with mental disorders never receive effective care and there is a large treatment gap. In order to solve the problem integration of mental health into primary health care is recommended and in Ethiopia implementation of the scale of mental health services at primary health care level was started in 2014. For the success of the integration of mental health into primary health care, primary care health professionals are the key personnel who are responsible for the management of mental, neurologic and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026440/translating-mental-health-diagnostic-and-symptom-terminology-to-train-health-workers-and-engage-patients-in-cross-cultural-non-english-speaking-populations
#5
EDITORIAL
Bibhav Acharya, Madhur Basnet, Pragya Rimal, David Citrin, Soniya Hirachan, Sikhar Swar, Poshan Thapa, Jagadamba Pandit, Rajeev Pokharel, Brandon Kohrt
Although there are guidelines for transcultural adaptation and validation of psychometric tools, similar resources do not exist for translation of diagnostic and symptom terminology used by health professionals to communicate with one another, their patients, and the public. The issue of translation is particularly salient when working with underserved, non-English speaking populations in high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries. As clinicians, researchers, and educators working in cross-cultural settings, we present four recommendations to avoid common pitfalls in these settings...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026439/priority-setting-for-mental-health-research-in-chile
#6
Pedro Zitko, Francesca Borghero, Cynthia Zavala, Niina Markkula, Emilio Santelices, Nicolás Libuy, Alfredo Pemjean
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge is a fundamental tool for making informed health policy decisions, but the link between health research and public policy decision-making is often missing. This study aims to identify and prioritize a national set of research gaps in mental health. METHODS: A multi-approach method to identify gaps in knowledge was developed, including (1) document analysis and identification of possible research questions, (2) interviews to Ministry of Health key informants, (3) focus groups with different stakeholders, and (4) a web consultation addressed to academics...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021823/evidence-based-guideline-implementation-of-quality-assurance-and-quality-control-procedures-in-the-saudi-national-mental-health-survey
#7
Sanaa Hyder, Lisa Bilal, Luma Akkad, Yu-Chieh Lin, AbdulHameed Al-Habeeb, Abdullah Al-Subaie, Mona Shahab, Abdulrahman Binmuammar, Feda Al-Tuwaijr, Noha Kattan, Yasmin Altwaijri
BACKGROUND: The World Mental Health surveys have been known to apply high standards of quality control, but few studies have been published to document this. Furthermore, the effectiveness of quality control has rarely been reported in the Middle East. CASE PRESENTATION: The focus of this paper was to highlight the implementation of quality control procedures in the Saudi National Mental Health Survey under the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. The paper summarizes the guidelines implemented for the various phases of survey quality control-the quality assurance procedures, the quality control procedures and the quality control appraisal components-as per previously prescribed recommendations in literature...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021822/a-review-of-web-based-support-systems-for-students-in-higher-education
#8
REVIEW
Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Rhianna Goozee, Erika Payne, Alexia Barrable, Patapia Tzotzoli
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that there is an increasing need for accessible and anonymous services to support higher education (HE) students suffering from psychological and/or academic difficulties. Such difficulties can lead to several negative outcomes, including poor academic performance, sub-optimal mental health, reduced study satisfaction, and dropout from study. Currently, universities in the UK lack financial resources and the on-campus mental health services traditionally offered to students are increasingly economically unsustainable...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021821/utilization-of-traditional-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-mental-health-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-cambodia
#9
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Tyler Fleming, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Coping with chronic illnesses often involves major lifestyle changes that may lead to poor mental health. Furthermore, in order to treat the chronic conditions, many sufferers in Asia turn to traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM). This study explores prevalence of TCAM use and factors associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic diseases in Cambodia. METHODS: In 2015, this cross-sectional study was conducted with outpatients receiving treatment and care for chronic diseases in two urban and two rural primary health centers...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947913/somatization-disorder-among-adolescents-in-southeast-nigeria-a-neglected-issue
#10
A R C Nwokocha, J M Chinawa, V Onukwuli, A Ubesie, Appolos Ndukuba, A T Chinawa, Elias Aniwada, Samuel Uwaezuoke
BACKGROUND: Adolescents do present with somatization disorder which is often neglected by pediatricians. This could have serious consequences if not curbed early. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at determining the pattern and types of Somatization disorder among adolescents attending secondary schools in south east Nigeria. METHODS: Somatization disorder was investigated among 485 adolescents from mixed schools using a stratified random sampling of adolescents from four secondary schools in southeast Nigeria...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943890/erratum-to-the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#11
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0157-z.].
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943889/-if-there-s-no-stability-around-them-experienced-therapists-view-on-the-role-of-patients-social-world-in-recovery-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Marius Veseth, Per-Einar Binder, Signe Hjelen Stige
BACKGROUND: Recovery in severe mental illness has traditionally been described as a deeply personal process. At the same time, researchers are increasingly attending to the social nature of such processes. In this article, we aim to supplement the growing knowledge base regarding these social aspects by exploring the perspectives of experienced therapists: how do they view the role of the social world in processes of healing and growth for people with bipolar disorder? And in what ways can the social world impede recovery? METHODS: We conducted 12 semi-structured individual interviews and analyzed the resulting transcripts using a team-based thematic analysis method...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936233/general-practitioners-experiences-and-perceptions-of-mild-moderate-depression-management-and-factors-influencing-effective-service-delivery-in-rural-australian-communities-a-qualitative-study
#13
Tamishka De Silva, Anjali Prakash, Sandhya Yarlagadda, Marjia Daniella Johns, Kate Sandy, Vibeke Hansen, Sue Phelan, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in Australia face significant disadvantages relating to geographical isolation and limited access to mental health services. Documenting general practitioners' (GP) experiences and perception of mental health services in rural Australia may be useful to gain insight into rural GP management of mild to moderate depression. AIMS: To explore GPs' experience and views on which factors influence access to mental health services for mild to moderate depression...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932260/retraction-note-to-correlates-comorbidities-and-suicidal-tendencies-of-problematic-game-use-in-a-national-wide-sample-of-korean-adults
#14
Subin Park, Hong Jin Jeon, Jung Woo Son, Haesoo Kim, Jin Pyo Hong
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0143-5.].
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#15
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855963/common-mental-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-umbrella-review-of-prevalence-and-intervention-studies
#16
Giulia Turrini, Marianna Purgato, Francesca Ballette, Michela Nosè, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. In this population, up-to-date information on the rate and characteristics of mental health conditions, and on interventions that can be implemented once mental disorders have been identified, are needed. This umbrella review aims at systematically reviewing existing evidence on the prevalence of common mental disorders and on the efficacy of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions in adult and children asylum seekers and refugees resettled in low, middle and high income countries...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855962/does-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-service-training-result-in-equivalent-knowledge-gain-among-cadres-of-non-specialist-health-workers-in-uganda-a-pre-test-post-test-study
#17
Angela Akol, Joyce Nalugya, Sylvia Nshemereirwe, Juliet N Babirye, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Early identification and management of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) disorders helps to avert mental illness in adulthood but a CAMH treatment gap exists in Uganda. CAMH integration into primary health care (PHC) through in-service training of non-specialist health workers (NSHW) using the World Health Organisation (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) Intervention Guide (IG) is a strategy to address this gap. However, results of such training are not supported by information on training development or delivery; and are undifferentiated by NSHW cadre...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#18
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828037/concordance-of-the-indian-mental-healthcare-act-2017-with-the-world-health-organization-s-checklist-on-mental-health-legislation
#19
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: India is revising its mental health legislation with the Indian Mental Healthcare Act 2017 (IMHA). When implemented, this legislation will apply to over 1.25 billion people. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a Resource Book (WHO-RB) on mental health, human rights and legislation, including a checklist of 175 specific items to be addressed in mental health legislation or policy in individual countries. Even following the publication of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2006), the WHO-RB remains the most comprehensive checklist for mental health legislation available, rooted in UN and WHO documents and providing the most systematic, detailed framework for human rights analysis of mental health legislation...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828036/lack-of-access-to-mental-health-services-contributing-to-the-high-suicide-rates-among-veterans
#20
Ronald D Hester
The United States has become a country that is constantly at war. This situation has created a crisis amongst our veterans. The current uneven access to appropriate mental health services that returning U.S. veterans encounter echoes the disparities in access to quality mental health services for the general population. The information presented here shows that the shortcomings of our health care system in addressing the mental health needs for our returning veterans may lead to the high suicide rates. Addressing the problem of inadequate access to quality mental health services is critical in any efforts to reforming the U...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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