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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

Haftom Desta, Tesfay Berhe, Solomon Hintsa
Background: Satisfaction is the psychological state that results from confirmation or disconfirmation of expectations with reality. Patients' satisfaction is a healthcare recipient's reaction to salient aspect of the contexts, process and result of their service experience. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among outpatients receiving mental health services at public hospitals in Mekelle town. Objectives: To assess patient satisfaction and associated factors among outpatients receiving mental health services at public hospitals in Mekelle town, northern Ethiopia...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Naomi Gyamfi, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Ernest Appiah Kyei
Introduction: Mental illness can affect anyone irrespective of race, gender or personal characteristics. The study sought to investigate health workers' Knowledge on Mental Health Legislation in Ghana focusing on the Certificate of Urgency. Methods: A descriptive study design was employed for this study. The study population included medical doctors, physician assistants, and nurses/midwives. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 384 respondents for the study...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Stella Mokitimi, Marguerite Schneider, Petrus J de Vries
Background: Mental health problems represent the greatest global burden of disease among children and adolescents. There is, however, lack of policy development and implementation for child and adolescent mental health (CAMH), particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where children and adolescents represent up to 50% of populations. South Africa, an upper-middle income country is often regarded as advanced in health and social policy-making and implementation in comparison to other LMICs...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Nenden Hikmah Laila, Renti Mahkota, Tri Krianto, Siddharudha Shivalli
Background: The UN resolution recommends treating all mentally ill patients with humanity and respect. However, social stigma continues to prevail for patients with schizophrenia. Physical restraint and confinement of the mentally ill is a well-known phenomenon in Indonesia and is termed as pasung . Objective: To explore the perceptions of family members of patients of schizophrenia and other key stakeholders concerning pasung in Bogor Regency, West Java Province 2017...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Rie Chiba, Maki Umeda, Kyohei Goto, Yuki Miyamoto, Sosei Yamaguchi, Norito Kawakami
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0178-7.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Qing Wang, Zhiming Yang
Background: Exogenous stressors resulting from air pollution can lead to depression and chronic disease. Chinese levels of air pollution are among the highest in the world, and although associated adverse health effects are gradually emerging, research determining individual vulnerability is limited. This study estimated the association between air pollution and depressive symptoms and identified whether chronic disease influences an individual's susceptibility to depressive symptoms relating to air pollution...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Sang-Uk Lee, Minah Soh, Vin Ryu, Chul-Eung Kim, Subin Park, Sungwon Roh, In-Hwan Oh, Hye-Young Lee, SungKu Choi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-018-0187-1.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Moges Ayehu, Misganu Endriyas, Emebet Mekonnen, Mekonen Shiferaw, Tebeje Misganaw
Background: Outbreaks of mass psychogenic illness (MPI), which are a constellation of physical signs and symptoms suggestive of organic illness with no identifiable causes. MPI has been documented in numerous cultural, ethnic, and religious groups throughout the world. The aims of this study were to document the nature and impacts of the illness, to assess interventions, and to come up with recommendations and management formulations for dealing with such kinds of outbreaks in the future...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Eva Brekke, Lars Lien, Kari Nysveen, Stian Biong
Background: Recovery-oriented practice is recommended in services for people with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Understanding practitioners' perceptions of recovery-oriented services may be a key component of implementing recovery principles in day-to-day practice. This study explores and describes staff experiences with dilemmas in recovery-oriented practice to support people with co-occurring disorders. Methods: Three focus group interviews were carried out over the course of 2 years with practitioners in a Norwegian community mental health and addictions team that was committed to developing recovery-oriented services...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Emil Brännström, Jennifer Strand, Peter Sand
Background: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore why some patients receive recurrent or prolonged psychiatric inpatient care, based on the experiences of the patients themselves. Methods: The participants were recruited at an outpatient clinic at the department of psychiatry for patients with affective disorders at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Ten patients, nine women and one man, aged 22-61 years, agreed to participate. A semi-structured interview guide was used during the interviews, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Katie Hayes, G Blashki, J Wiseman, S Burke, L Reifels
Background: This article provides an overview of the current and projected climate change risks and impacts to mental health and provides recommendations for priority actions to address the mental health consequences of climate change. Discussion and conclusion: The authors argue the following three points: firstly, while attribution of mental health outcomes to specific climate change risks remains challenging, there are a number of opportunities available to advance the field of mental health and climate change with more empirical research in this domain; secondly, the risks and impacts of climate change on mental health are already rapidly accelerating, resulting in a number of direct, indirect, and overarching effects that disproportionally affect those who are most marginalized; and, thirdly, interventions to address climate change and mental health need to be coordinated and rooted in active hope in order to tackle the problem in a holistic manner...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Endang R Surjaningrum, Harry Minas, Anthony F Jorm, Ritsuko Kakuma
Background: Indonesian maternal health policies state that community health workers (CHWs) are responsible for detection and referral of pregnant women and postpartum mothers who might suffer from mental health problems (task-sharing). The documents have been published for a while, however reports on the implementation are hardly found which possibly resulted from feasibility issue within the health system. Aims: To examine the feasibility of task-sharing in integrated mental health care to identify perinatal depression in Surabaya, Indonesia...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Ingrid Femdal
Background: Current mental health policy emphasizes the importance of community-based service delivery for people with mental health problems to encompass personal recovery. The aim of this study is to explore how users and professionals construct the place's influence on personal recovery in community mental health services. Methods: This is a qualitative, interpretive study based on ten individual, semi-structured interviews with users and professionals, respectively...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Julian Perelman, Pedro Chaves, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Maria Ana Matias
Background: To promote an effective mental health system, the World Health Organization recommends the involvement of primary care in prevention and treatment of mild diseases and community-based care for serious mental illnesses. Despite a prevalence of lifetime mental health disorders above 30%, Portugal is failing to achieve such recommendations. It was argued that this failure is partly due to inadequate financing mechanisms of mental health care providers. This study proposes an innovative payment model for mental health providers oriented toward incentivising best practices...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Srean Chhim, Pheak Chhoun, Phalkun Mun, Gitau Mburu
Background: Transgender women are at significant risk of HIV, and they face intersecting barriers to health, social, and legal services. However, data regarding the unique needs and experiences of transgender women are globally scant. This study examined the relationship between gender-based violence and depressive symptoms among transgender women in Cambodia. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1375 sexually active transgender women recruited by using the respondent-driven sampling method in the capital city of Phnom Penh and 12 provinces between December 2015 and February 2016...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Maria Ftanou, Jaelea Skehan, Karolina Krysinska, Marc Bryant, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
Background: Suicide and suicide-related behaviours are major public health concerns in Australia and worldwide. One universal intervention that has received an increased focus as a means of preventing suicide is the use of media campaigns. There is, however, a lack of understanding of the kinds of campaign messages that are safe and effective. The current paper aims to expand on this knowledge. The study objectives were to: (1) explore what suicide prevention experts consider to be essential characteristics of effective and safe suicide media campaigns; (2) develop suicide prevention media messages; and (3) explore the impact that these messages might have on different audiences...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Turkiya S Al Maskari, Craig A Melville, Diane S Willis
Background: Screening children for autism has gained wider acceptance within clinical practice, and early intervention has improved outcomes. Increasingly, adapting an existing screening instrument is a common, fast method to create a usable screening tool, especially for countries with limited resources and/or expertise. However, concerns have been raised regarding adaptation adequacy and the feasibility of screening across cultural groups. This study systematically examined the levels of cultural adaptation and feasibility aspects considered when screening for autism in non-English speaking countries to build upon the sparse knowledge that exists on this topic in the literature...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Camilla Lauritzen, Anne Berit Kolmannskog, Anette Christine Iversen
Background: Previous research has shown a link between parental mental illness and adverse development in their offspring. In Norway, it is mandatory for health professionals to identify if patients in adult mental health services have children, and subsequently to provide support for the children. An important tool to detect if families are affected by parental mental illness and to assess if there is a need for further intervention is the Family Assessment Conversation. Family Assessment Conversations is potentially a powerful tool for communication with families affected by parental mental illness because it facilitates early identification of children at risk of various adversities due to the family situation...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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