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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439293/socio-demographic-characteristics-clinical-profile-and-prevalence-of-existing-mental-illness-among-suicide-attempters-attending-emergency-services-at-two-hospitals-in-hawassa-city-south-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Moges Ayehu, Tarekegn Solomon, Kinfe Lemma
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health problem worldwide. It contributes for more than one million deaths each year. Since previous suicidal attempt was considered as the best predictor of future suicide, identifying factors behind suicidal attempt are helpful to design suicide prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile and prevalence of existing mental illness among patients presenting with suicidal attempt to emergency services of general hospitals in South Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428816/physical-health-policies-and-metabolic-screening-in-mental-health-care-systems-of-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs, David Basangwa, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing physical health needs should have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery in people with severe mental illness (SMI). We systematically investigated (1) physical health policies in the current mental health plans, and (2) the routine metabolic screening rates for people with SMI in SSA. METHODS: The Mental Health Atlas and MiNDbank of the World Health Organization were screened for physical health policies in mental health plans...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428815/service-user-and-care-giver-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-and-facilitating-factors
#3
Dristy Gurung, Nawaraj Upadhyaya, Jananee Magar, Nir Prakash Giri, Charlotte Hanlon, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Service user and caregiver involvement has become an increasingly common strategy to enhance mental health outcomes, and has been incorporated in the mental healthpolicies of many developed nations. However, this practice is non-existent or fragmented in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Instances of service user and caregiver involvement have been rising slowly in a few LMICs, but are rarely described in the literature. Very little is known about the context of user and caregiver participation in mental health system strengthening processes in a low-income, disaster- and conflict-affected state such as Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428814/reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-community-integration-measure-for-community-dwelling-people-with-schizophrenia
#4
Ai Shioda, Etsuko Tadaka, Ayako Okochi
BACKGROUND: Community integration is an essential right for people with schizophrenia that affects their well-being and quality of life, but no valid instrument exists to measure it in Japan. The aim of the present study is to develop and evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Community Integration Measure (CIM) for people with schizophrenia. METHODS: The Japanese version of the CIM was developed as a self-administered questionnaire based on the original version of the CIM, which was developed by McColl et al...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#5
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#6
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413440/predictors-of-depression-among-patients-receiving-treatment-for-snakebite-in-general-hospital-kaltungo-gombe-state-nigeria-august-2015
#7
Abdulaziz Muhammed, Mahmood M Dalhat, Babalola O Joseph, Abubakar Ahmed, Patrick Nguku, Gabriele Poggensee, Mukthar Adeiza, Garba I Yahya, Muhammad Hamza, Zaiyad G Habib, Abisola M Oladimeji, Abdulsalam Nasidi, Abubakar Balla, Ibrahim Nashabaru, Nasir Sani-Gwarzo, Ahmad M Yakasai, Joshua A Difa, Taiwo Lateef Sheikh, Abdulrazaq G Habib
BACKGROUND: Snakebite though neglected, affects 5 million people yearly. More neglected is the psychological effect of envenomation. We determined prevalence and pattern of depression among patients admitted into snakebite wards of Kaltungo General Hospital Nigeria, and percentage recognized by clinicians. We also assessed for factors associated with depression. METHODS: In a descriptive hospital based study, we used Patient Health questionnaire (PHQ-9) to make diagnosis of depression among the patients...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413439/family-reintegration-of-homeless-in-maputo-and-matola-a-descriptive-study
#8
Lídia Gouveia, Honório Massanganhe, Flávio Mandlate, Dirceu Mabunda, Wilza Fumo, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Jair de Jesus Mari
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a global and local social problem with underestimated prevalence. It has been shown to increase the risk of mental illness, raising concerns from mental health providers about the need for effective interventions targeting this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the mental health status of the homeless people in two urban setting in a low-income country, through using standardised clinical and socio-demographic assessments as well assessing potential predictors of family integration versus non-family integration among a group of homeless individuals receiving psychiatric and psychosocial treatment...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360934/sleep-disturbances-and-mental-strain-in-university-students-results-from-an-online-survey-in-luxembourg-and-germany
#9
Angelika A Schlarb, Merle Claßen, Julia Grünwald, Claus Vögele
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the prevalence of sleep disturbances and mental strain in students from two European countries, Luxembourg and Germany. METHODS: A total of 2831 students took part in an online survey, with 2777 students from Germany and 184 students from Luxembourg. Sleep disturbances were assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and aspects of mental strain using the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Social-Interactive-Anxiety Scale, the self-efficacy questionnaire and the test anxiety questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293284/maternal-common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-slum-area-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#10
Ahad Mahmud Khan, Meerjady Sabrina Flora
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal mental health has a negative impact on child growth and development. The objective of the study was to find out the associated factors of maternal common mental disorders (CMD) in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2013 among conveniently selected 264 mothers having under-five children at Kamrangirchar area of Dhaka. A structured questionnaire based on Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) was used for data collection where a cut-off of 7 was considered to ascertain CMD...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293283/-making-the-mentally-ill-count-lessons-from-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-for-people-with-mental-and-neurological-disorders-in-the-kintampo-districts-of-ghana
#11
Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Edward Adiibokah, Obed Ernest A Nettey, Solomon Nyame, Victor Christian Korley Doku, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Persons with mental and neurological disorders (PMNDs) are among the most marginalised groups in developing countries, as they are socially excluded and overlooked in most developmental efforts. Due to high levels of stigma and other operational difficulties, PMNDs are often marginalised in routine enumeration exercises. Health and Demographic Surveillance System is an important public health research platform especially in countries that lacks reliable data systems, as it registers and monitor basic demographic and health events such as births, deaths and migration in a geographically defined population...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289438/worldwide-research-productivity-in-the-field-of-psychiatry
#12
Jinghua Zhang, Xiaoou Chen, Xin Gao, Huizeng Yang, Zhong Zhen, Qingwei Li, Yiqun Lin, Xiyan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The field of psychiatry has seen significant progress in recent years due to worldwide contributions. National productivity, however, in the field of psychiatry is still unclear. In our study, we investigated contributions of individual nations to the field of psychiatry. METHODS: The Web of Science was used to perform a search from 2011 to 2015 on the subject category "psychiatry". The total number of articles, citations and the per capita numbers were obtained to analyze the contributions of different countries...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261324/screening-for-substance-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-cross-sectoral-sample-of-canadian-youth
#13
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, Lisa D Hawke
BACKGROUND: This project examines the substance use and mental health concerns of a cross-sectoral, national, service-seeking sample of adolescents and emerging adults using an extended version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs-Short Screener (GSS). It also aims to provide incremental evidence of the psychometric properties of the GSS. METHODS: A sample of 2313 youth aged 12-24 years who presented for service participated in the project. Youth were recruited from 89 participating services across Canada representing eight major clinical and non-clinical sectors...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203274/complementary-primary-mental-health-programs-for-young-people-in-australia-access-to-allied-psychological-services-ataps-and-headspace
#14
Bridget Bassilios, Nicolas Telford, Debra Rickwood, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was introduced in 2001 by the Australian Government to provide evidence-based psychological interventions for people with high prevalence disorders. headspace, Australia's National Youth Mental Health Foundation, was established in 2006 to promote and facilitate improvements in the mental health, social wellbeing and economic participation of young people aged 12-25 years. Both programs provided free or low cost psychological services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191035/the-prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-among-primary-care-patients-and-current-management-in-south-korea
#15
Yoon-Joo Choi, Weon-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Primary care in South Korea has no effective screening system to identify high-risk suicide patients despite to the possibility of hidden patients. The present study examined the prevalence of suicidal ideation and depression among primary care patients and investigated rates of recognition and management strategies of physicians as they encountering patients with suicidal ideation and depression in primary care settings. METHODS: This study was conducted as a two-part survey of patients visiting primary care clinics and their physicians...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184242/medication-challenges-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-experience-and-views-of-patients-caregivers-and-mental-health-care-workers-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#16
Masunga K Iseselo, Joel Seme Ambikile
BACKGROUND: Management of patients with mental disorders is inadequate in the majority of low and middle income countries. The main treatment modality for patients with severe mental disorders in these countries is mainly pharmacological approach. Patients face many challenges in meeting medication needs. In this context, high percentages of individuals who have severe mental disorders are not treated. Regular and adequate supplies of appropriate, safe and affordable medications are some of the important aspects required for provision of quality mental health services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174600/does-accreditation-improve-pro-re-nata-benzodiazepines-administration-in-psychiatric-inpatients-pre-post-accreditation-medical-record-comparison
#17
Mohammed Abdullah Al-Sughayir
BACKGROUND: In psychiatric inpatients, administration of pro re nata benzodiazepines is a common practice. Benzodiazepine use is associated with potential complications of risk of abuse, cognitive impairment, and falls. An interest in accreditation is growing rapidly among many countries to enhance the quality of health care services. We aimed to investigate whether hospital accreditation drives improvements for administered pro re nata benzodiazepines in psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: The study reviewed medical records of consecutive hospital admissions for pre- and post-accreditation comparisons of PRN benzodiazepine medications in two acute mental health wards at a teaching general hospital...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168004/training-needs-and-perspectives-of-community-health-workers-in-relation-to-integrating-child-mental-health-care-into-primary-health-care-in-a-rural-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Dejene Tilahun, Charlotte Hanlon, Mesfin Araya, Basiro Davey, Rosa A Hoekstra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Community health workers can help to address the substantial unmet need for child mental health care in low and middle income countries. However, little is known about their training needs for this potential role. The aim of this study was to examine training needs and perspectives of community health extension workers (HEWs) in relation to providing child mental health care in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163777/hospitalization-cost-of-conventional-psychiatric-care-compared-to-broad-spectrum-micronutrient-treatment-literature-review-and-case-study-of-adult-psychosis
#19
Bonnie J Kaplan, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Jeffrey S Hoch
BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs are skyrocketing, with mental health treatment amongst the most expensive, especially when hospitalization is involved. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada, one in five Canadians is living with a mental disorder in any given year, at an annual cost of $50 billion. In light of this societal burden, alternative approaches are being evaluated, such as brief psychotherapy by phone, peer support, and, as part of the emerging field of nutritional mental health, treatment with micronutrients (minerals and vitamins)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127388/how-to-implement-illness-management-and-recovery-imr-in-mental-health-service-settings-evaluation-of-the-implementation-strategy
#20
Karina Myhren Egeland, Torleif Ruud, Terje Ogden, Rickard Färdig, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Kristin Sverdvik Heiervang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation strategy used in the first-phase of implementation of the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) programme, an intervention for adults with severe mental illnesses, in nine mental health service settings in Norway. METHODS: A total of 9 clinical leaders, 31 clinicians, and 44 consumers at 9 service settings participated in the implementation of IMR. Implementation was conducted by an external team of researchers and an experienced trainer...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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