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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293284/maternal-common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-slum-area-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#1
Ahad Mahmud Khan, Meerjady Sabrina Flora
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal mental health has a negative impact on child growth and development. The objective of the study was to find out the associated factors of maternal common mental disorders (CMD) in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September to November 2013 among conveniently selected 264 mothers having under-five children at Kamrangirchar area of Dhaka. A structured questionnaire based on Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) was used for data collection where a cut-off of 7 was considered to ascertain CMD...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293283/-making-the-mentally-ill-count-lessons-from-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-for-people-with-mental-and-neurological-disorders-in-the-kintampo-districts-of-ghana
#2
Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Edward Adiibokah, Obed Ernest A Nettey, Solomon Nyame, Victor Christian Korley Doku, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Persons with mental and neurological disorders (PMNDs) are among the most marginalised groups in developing countries, as they are socially excluded and overlooked in most developmental efforts. Due to high levels of stigma and other operational difficulties, PMNDs are often marginalised in routine enumeration exercises. Health and Demographic Surveillance System is an important public health research platform especially in countries that lacks reliable data systems, as it registers and monitor basic demographic and health events such as births, deaths and migration in a geographically defined population...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289438/worldwide-research-productivity-in-the-field-of-psychiatry
#3
Jinghua Zhang, Xiaoou Chen, Xin Gao, Huizeng Yang, Zhong Zhen, Qingwei Li, Yiqun Lin, Xiyan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The field of psychiatry has seen significant progress in recent years due to worldwide contributions. National productivity, however, in the field of psychiatry is still unclear. In our study, we investigated contributions of individual nations to the field of psychiatry. METHODS: The Web of Science was used to perform a search from 2011 to 2015 on the subject category "psychiatry". The total number of articles, citations and the per capita numbers were obtained to analyze the contributions of different countries...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261324/screening-for-substance-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-cross-sectoral-sample-of-canadian-youth
#4
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, Lisa D Hawke
BACKGROUND: This project examines the substance use and mental health concerns of a cross-sectoral, national, service-seeking sample of adolescents and emerging adults using an extended version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs-Short Screener (GSS). It also aims to provide incremental evidence of the psychometric properties of the GSS. METHODS: A sample of 2313 youth aged 12-24 years who presented for service participated in the project. Youth were recruited from 89 participating services across Canada representing eight major clinical and non-clinical sectors...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203274/complementary-primary-mental-health-programs-for-young-people-in-australia-access-to-allied-psychological-services-ataps-and-headspace
#5
Bridget Bassilios, Nicolas Telford, Debra Rickwood, Matthew J Spittal, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: Access to Allied Psychological Services (ATAPS) was introduced in 2001 by the Australian Government to provide evidence-based psychological interventions for people with high prevalence disorders. headspace, Australia's National Youth Mental Health Foundation, was established in 2006 to promote and facilitate improvements in the mental health, social wellbeing and economic participation of young people aged 12-25 years. Both programs provided free or low cost psychological services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191035/the-prevalence-of-suicidal-ideation-and-depression-among-primary-care-patients-and-current-management-in-south-korea
#6
Yoon-Joo Choi, Weon-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Primary care in South Korea has no effective screening system to identify high-risk suicide patients despite to the possibility of hidden patients. The present study examined the prevalence of suicidal ideation and depression among primary care patients and investigated rates of recognition and management strategies of physicians as they encountering patients with suicidal ideation and depression in primary care settings. METHODS: This study was conducted as a two-part survey of patients visiting primary care clinics and their physicians...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184242/medication-challenges-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-experience-and-views-of-patients-caregivers-and-mental-health-care-workers-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#7
Masunga K Iseselo, Joel Seme Ambikile
BACKGROUND: Management of patients with mental disorders is inadequate in the majority of low and middle income countries. The main treatment modality for patients with severe mental disorders in these countries is mainly pharmacological approach. Patients face many challenges in meeting medication needs. In this context, high percentages of individuals who have severe mental disorders are not treated. Regular and adequate supplies of appropriate, safe and affordable medications are some of the important aspects required for provision of quality mental health services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174600/does-accreditation-improve-pro-re-nata-benzodiazepines-administration-in-psychiatric-inpatients-pre-post-accreditation-medical-record-comparison
#8
Mohammed Abdullah Al-Sughayir
BACKGROUND: In psychiatric inpatients, administration of pro re nata benzodiazepines is a common practice. Benzodiazepine use is associated with potential complications of risk of abuse, cognitive impairment, and falls. An interest in accreditation is growing rapidly among many countries to enhance the quality of health care services. We aimed to investigate whether hospital accreditation drives improvements for administered pro re nata benzodiazepines in psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: The study reviewed medical records of consecutive hospital admissions for pre- and post-accreditation comparisons of PRN benzodiazepine medications in two acute mental health wards at a teaching general hospital...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168004/training-needs-and-perspectives-of-community-health-workers-in-relation-to-integrating-child-mental-health-care-into-primary-health-care-in-a-rural-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Dejene Tilahun, Charlotte Hanlon, Mesfin Araya, Basiro Davey, Rosa A Hoekstra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Community health workers can help to address the substantial unmet need for child mental health care in low and middle income countries. However, little is known about their training needs for this potential role. The aim of this study was to examine training needs and perspectives of community health extension workers (HEWs) in relation to providing child mental health care in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163777/hospitalization-cost-of-conventional-psychiatric-care-compared-to-broad-spectrum-micronutrient-treatment-literature-review-and-case-study-of-adult-psychosis
#10
Bonnie J Kaplan, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Jeffrey S Hoch
BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs are skyrocketing, with mental health treatment amongst the most expensive, especially when hospitalization is involved. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada, one in five Canadians is living with a mental disorder in any given year, at an annual cost of $50 billion. In light of this societal burden, alternative approaches are being evaluated, such as brief psychotherapy by phone, peer support, and, as part of the emerging field of nutritional mental health, treatment with micronutrients (minerals and vitamins)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127388/how-to-implement-illness-management-and-recovery-imr-in-mental-health-service-settings-evaluation-of-the-implementation-strategy
#11
Karina Myhren Egeland, Torleif Ruud, Terje Ogden, Rickard Färdig, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Kristin Sverdvik Heiervang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation strategy used in the first-phase of implementation of the Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) programme, an intervention for adults with severe mental illnesses, in nine mental health service settings in Norway. METHODS: A total of 9 clinical leaders, 31 clinicians, and 44 consumers at 9 service settings participated in the implementation of IMR. Implementation was conducted by an external team of researchers and an experienced trainer...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101132/what-are-good-outcomes-in-public-mental-health-settings-a-qualitative-exploration-of-clients-and-therapists-experiences
#12
Christian Moltu, Jon Stefansen, Jan Christian Nøtnes, Åse Skjølberg, Marius Veseth
BACKGROUND: The mental health field sees a surge of interest in Routine Outcome Monitoring, mandated by a wish to help better those not-on-track to recovery. What constitutes positive outcomes for these patients is not fully understood. AIMS: To contribute knowledge into what constitutes meaningful outcome concepts in the experiences of patients with long and complex mental health suffering and treatment, and the clinicians who work to help them. METHODS: A qualitative in-depth study of 50 participants' experiences...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096897/the-impact-of-organisational-change-and-fiscal-restraint-on-organisational-culture
#13
Frances Dark, Harvey Whiteford, Neal M Ashkanasy, Carol Harvey, Meredith Harris, David Crompton, Ellie Newman
BACKGROUND: Strategies to implement evidence-based practice have highlighted the bidirectional relationship of organisational change on organisational culture. The present study examined changes in perceptions of organisational culture in two community mental health services implementing cognitive therapies into routine psychosis care over 3 years. During the time of the study there were a number of shared planned and unplanned changes that the mental health services had to accommodate...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070220/measuring-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-mental-health-among-migrants-in-urban-china-a-multiple-indicators-multiple-causes-model
#14
Ming Guan
OBJECTIVES: Since 1978, rural-urban migrants mainly contribute Chinese urbanization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of socioeconomic factors on mental health of them. Their mental health was measured by 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). METHODS: The study sample comprised 5925 migrants obtained from the 2009 rural-to-urban migrants survey (RUMiC). The relationships among the instruments were assessed by the correlation analysis...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070219/users-involvement-in-mental-health-services-programme-logic-model-of-an-innovative-initiative-in-integrated-care
#15
Carolane Tremblay, Valérie Coulombe, Catherine Briand
BACKGROUND: Collaboration and partnership are key issues for modern health systems seeking to implement quality integrated care that meets the needs of the population. The Carrefour Communautaire-Institutionnel-Usagers (Connecting Community organisations-Institutions-Users, CCIU), involving community- and institution-based mental health workers, carers and users, is an innovative normative integrated care group (group for shared values, culture and vision) established by the Canadian Mental Health Association-Montreal Branch...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070218/evidence-based-guideline-implementation-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-for-mental-health-care
#16
REVIEW
Mary Docherty, Kate Shaw, Lucy Goulding, Hannah Parke, Erica Eassom, Farnoosh Ali, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: There is a significant treatment gap in provision of effective treatment for people with mental disorders globally. In some Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) this gap is 90% or more in terms of untreated cases. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are one tool to improve health care provision. The aim of this review is to examine studies of the effectiveness of evidence-based CPG implementation across physical and mental health care, to inform mental healthcare provision in low and middle income countries (LMICs), and to identify transferable lessons from other non-communicable diseases to mental health...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070217/health-systems-context-s-for-integrating-mental-health-into-primary-health-care-in-six-emerald-countries-a-situation-analysis
#17
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Jibril Abdulmalik, Charlotte Hanlon, Inge Petersen, Crick Lund, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Shalini Ahuja, Rahul Shidhaye, Ntokozo Mntambo, Atalay Alem, Oye Gureje, Fred Kigozi
BACKGROUND: Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of the world's disease burden, including in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In this study, we focused on the health systems required to support integration of mental health into primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. METHODS: A checklist guided by the World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was developed and was used for data collection in each of the six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low and middle-income countries (Emerald) research consortium...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066505/promoting-wellbeing-and-improving-access-to-mental-health-care-through-community-champions-in-rural-india-the-atmiyata-intervention-approach
#18
Laura Shields-Zeeman, Soumitra Pathare, Bethany Hipple Walters, Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Kaustubh Joag
BACKGROUND: There are limited accounts of community-based interventions for reducing distress or providing support for people with common mental disorders (CMDs) in low and middle-income countries. The recently implemented Atmiyata programme is one such community-based mental health intervention focused on promoting wellness and reducing distress through community volunteers in a rural area in the state of Maharashtra, India. CASE PRESENTATION: This case study describes the content and the process of implementation of Atmiyata and how community volunteers were trained to become Atmiyata champions and mitras (friends)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066504/challenges-for-nurses-who-work-in-community-mental-health-centres-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#19
Mohammad Marie, Ben Hannigan, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: Nurses in Palestine (occupied Palestinian territory) work in a significantly challenging environment. The mental health care system is underdeveloped and under-resourced. For example, the total number of nurses who work in community mental health centres in the West Bank is seventeen, clearly insufficient in a total population of approximately three million. This research explored daily challenges that Palestinian community mental health nurses (CMHNs) face within and outside their demanding workplaces...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066503/why-do-psychiatric-patients-in-korea-stay-longer-in-hospital
#20
EDITORIAL
Agnus M Kim
Korea is the only developed country that saw an increase in the number of psychiatric beds with the longest average length of stay of psychiatric patients for the past decades. This phenomenon can be explained regarding the payment system, the law, and society. Korea is in a critical position concerning mental health policy. How it paves the way for reducing psychiatric admissions will provide a model for rearranging the interests of different social groups for the sake of a higher value, that of human rights...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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