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International Journal of Mental Health Systems

Ross J Tynan, Carole James, Robyn Considine, Jaelea Skehan, Jorgen Gullestrup, Terry J Lewin, John Wiggers, Brian J Kelly
Background: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of implementing a peer-based, multi-component mental health program in the Australian coal mining industry. Methods: The multicomponent program included MATES in mining (a peer-based mental health and suicide prevention program) and supervisor training. Eight Australian coal mines participated in the research, with four mines receiving the mental health program. Primary outcome variables including mental health stigma, help-seeking behaviour and perception of the workplace commitment to mental health were measured prior to program implementation, and then again 10 months following using a paper based survey...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Xuemei Li, Shengfa Zhang, Jinsui Zhang, Jingru Zhu, Huan He, Yurong Zhang, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian
Background: Early distinguishing the cognitive impairment from healthy population is crucial to delay the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). Test Your Memory (TYM) has been proved to be a valid and reliable screening instrument for AD and MCI. This study aimed to develop a culturally appropriate and functional Standard Mandarin Chinese translation of the TYM, and to evaluate its reliability and validity in detecting AD and MCI in Chinese. Methods: 182 subjects with AD/MCI and 55 healthy controls were recruited to participate in this study, and everyone undergo the test of Standard Mandarin Chinese version of the TYM (TYM-CN), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA-BJ), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Scale...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Jessica Spagnolo, François Champagne, Nicole Leduc, Michèle Rivard, Myra Piat, Marc Laporta, Wahid Melki, Fatma Charfi
Background: Non-specialists' involvement in mental health care is encouraged in the field of global mental health to address the treatment gap caused by mental illness, especially in low- and middle-income countries. While primary care physicians (PCPs) are involved in mental health care in Tunisia, a lower-middle-income country in North Africa, it is unclear to what extent they are prepared and willing to address mental health problems, substance use disorders, and suicide/self-harm...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Lemma Derseh Gezie, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Yigzaw Kebede Gete, Telake Azale, Tilman Brand, Hajo Zeeb
Background: Mental health problems among trafficked persons could be the result of concomitantly interwoven effects of various factors. Analyzing the networked relationships concurrently could be a more substantive approach to better understand the role of risk factors in this population. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of mental health symptoms as well as the association among socio-demographic, trafficking related exposure variables, and mental health problems of Ethiopian returnees from trafficking...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Tesfit Brhane Netsereab, Meron Mehari Kifle, Robel Berhane Tesfagiorgis, Sara Ghebremichael Habteab, Yosan Kahsay Weldeabzgi, Okbazghi Zaid Tesfamariam
Background: In Eritrea, highly centralized mental health care services and lack of trained psychiatric personnel at primary health care units remain a challenge to the mental health care system. These problems can be minimized by introducing screening programs with a simple screening tool for mental disorders in the primary health care settings. Thus, this study aimed to assess the validity of the WHO self-reporting questionnaire 20 (SRQ-20) in Tigrigna version for use in Eritrean primary health care setting...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Keren E Wolstencroft, Frank P Deane, Cara L Jones, Adam Zimmermann, Merrilee Cox
Background: Despite advances in our understanding of what mental health systems and services can do to enhance recovery and wellbeing outcomes for people seeking support, there is limited evidence demonstrating that this body of work has translated successfully into mental health service practice. The Collaborative Recovery Model (CRM) is a practice framework that has been designed to support application of recovery and wellbeing oriented principles and practices within mental health service delivery...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Daniel Castellanos, Mayte Capo, Diana Valderrama, Melissa Jean-Francois, Aniuska Luna
Background: In recent years the use of peer specialists in the delivery of mental health of care across the US has increased. Although data on the benefits of using peer specialists is limited and/or equivocal, states are making policy and funding decisions to support the expansion of peer specialist services. This data is even more limited in the state of Florida where no studies were found to document the effect of peer specialists on mental health care outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess whether local decisions to use peer specialists can be supported through the measurement of outcomes of service utilization and mental health functioning when peer specialists are involved in the treatment of individuals living with serious mental illness...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Allan Seppänen, Iida Törmänen, Christopher Shaw, Harry Kennedy
Forensic psychiatric care must be provided within the least restrictive setting possible, whilst simultaneously maintaining appropriate levels of security. This presents particular challenges for the design of forensic psychiatric hospitals, which are required to provide both a therapeutic and a safe material environment, often for extended periods of treatment and rehabilitation. By taking into consideration variable trends in psychiatric service provision and myriad clinical, legal and ethical issues, interdisciplinary forensic facility design teams are at the very forefront in implementing the latest developments in medical architecture...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Victoria N Mutiso, Isaiah Gitonga, Abednego Musau, Christine W Musyimi, Eric Nandoya, Tahilia J Rebello, Kathleen M Pike, David M Ndetei
Background: The World Health Organization developed the Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) as guidelines for innovative utilization of available resources in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in order to accelerate the reduction of the mental health treatment gap. The mhGAP-IG calls for each country to contextualize the guide to their social, cultural and economic context. The objective of this paper is to describe a model for a stepwise approach for implementation of mhGAP-IG in a rural Kenyan setting using existing formal and informal community resources and health systems...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
C Collins, M T O'Shea, J Cunniffe, P Finegan
Background: Mental illness acts as a barrier to accessing and obtaining effective medical care. It has been shown that out of hours services are an important first stop for emergency care for people experiencing mental health difficulties. However, little is in fact known about the use of out of hours general practice services by people experiencing mental health difficulties. Aim: To establish the number and range of consultations that have a primary or related mental health issue attending general practitioner (GP) out of hours and to document adherence to their follow-up care referral...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Marit Sijbrandij, Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Lincoln Ndogoni, Jeannette Ulate, Syed Usman Hamdani, Mark van Ommeren
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-016-0075-5.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Alexia Barrable, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Patapia Tzotzoli
Background: Dealing with psychological and study skill difficulties can present a challenge for both Higher Education (HE) students, who suffer from them, but also for HE Institutions and their support services. Alternative means of support, such as online interventions, have been identified as cost-effective and efficient ways to provide inclusive support to HE students, removing many of the barriers to help-seeking as well as promoting mental health and wellbeing. Case presentation: The current case study initially outlines the rigorous approach in the development of one such online intervention system, MePlusMe...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Syed Usman Hamdani, Zainab Ahmed, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Aqsa Masood, Parveen Akhtar, Hania Amin, Richard A Bryant, Katie Dawson, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman, Fareed Aslam Minhas
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0147-1.].
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Silje Vagli Østbye, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson Wang, Ida Pauline Høilo Granheim, Kjersti Elisabeth Kristensen, Mette Bech Risør
Background: Early adolescence is considered a critical period for the development of chronic and recurrent medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), and referrals and system-initiated patient trajectories often lead to an excess of examinations and hospitalizations in the cross-section between mental and somatic specialist care for this group of patients. Dimensions of the relationship and communication between clinician and patient are shown in primary care studies to be decisive for subsequent illness pathways, often creating adverse effects, but knowledge on clinical communication in specialist care is still scarce...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Hanne Kilen Stuen, Anne Landheim, Jorun Rugkåsa, Rolf Wynn
Background: The first 12 Norwegian assertive community treatment (ACT) teams were piloted from 2009 to 2011. Of the 338 patients included during the teams' first year of operation, 38% were subject to community treatment orders (CTOs). In Norway as in many other Western countries, the use of CTOs is relatively high despite lack of robust evidence for their effectiveness. The purpose of the present study was to explore how responsible clinicians reason and make decisions about the continued use of CTOs, recall to hospital and the discontinuation of CTOs within an ACT setting...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Kalkidan Yohannes, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tewodros Adera, Getinet Ayano, Wubalem Fekadu
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is the most common mental disorders occurring among survivors of road traffic accident. However, research into post-traumatic stress disorder and correlates in low and middle-income countries is limited. To the best of our knowledge, there is no published study of the post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors conducted in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and associated factors among survivors of road traffic accident...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Helen Brooks, Karen James, I Irmansyah, Budi-Anna Keliat, Bagus Utomo, Diana Rose, Erminia Colucci, Karina Lovell
Background: Indonesia has the highest rate of years of life lost to disability or early death from Schizophrenia than any other country in the world. More than 90% of people with mental illness do not get any treatment and tens of thousands of people with psychosis are illegally detained ('pasung') in the family home. Civic engagement, a core part of the recent World Health Organisation global strategy, has the potential to address some of these challenges through the development of person-centered models of care...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony F Jorm, Nicola J Reavley
Background: Members of the public frequently perform mental health first aid actions in daily life, and people with mental health problems often cite informal supports as motivators of professional treatment seeking. However, a thorough understanding of how, when and why these actions are undertaken is lacking. This research aimed to investigate the helping experiences of community members trained in Mental Health First Aid, understand the factors that might facilitate and deter helping behaviours, and develop a preliminary model that outlines the process of providing help to someone with a mental health problem...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
K Mathias, A Pandey, G Armstrong, P Diksha, M Kermode
Background: Mental illness is a leading cause of the disease burden among young people. Poor mental health is linked to childhood adversity such as gender inequality, poverty and low educational attainment. Psycho-social assets in adolescents can moderate these impacts and be strengthened. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a brief mental health and resilience intervention among disadvantaged young women in urban North India. Methods: We used an uncontrolled repeated measures design to evaluate the effectiveness of the 15-module mental health and resilience curriculum among young women residing in a slum in Dehradun, Uttarakhand...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Endang R Surjaningrum, Anthony F Jorm, Harry Minas, Ritsuko Kakuma
Background: Non-professional community health workers have been widely reported as possibly having a role in mental health. In Indonesia, their role is currently being introduced in the national health system for perinatal depression. Prior publications have shown that it is generally considered feasible and acceptable by key stakeholders for community health workers to identify and refer women experiencing mental health issues during their perinatal phase to primary care. However, characteristics and competencies required for these workers have not yet been identified...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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