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Journal of Medical Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927449/beyond-classic-dermoscopic-patterns-of-dermatofibromas-a-prospective-research-study
#1
Awatef Kelati, Nima Aqil, Hanane Baybay, Salim Gallouj, Fatima Zahra Mernissi
BACKGROUND: The usual stereotypical dermoscopic pattern associated with dermatofibromas is a pigment network and central white patch. However, this pattern may be difficult to diagnose in some variant cases. We aimed to describe dermoscopic patterns of dermatofibroma according to its histopathological subtypes, with special emphasis on new and rare dermoscopic features. METHODS: This prospective study, which was conducted between September 2015 and May 2016 in the Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco, included 100 cases of dermatofibroma confirmed on clinical and histological grounds...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923115/serous-retinal-detachment-after-panretinal-photocoagulation-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-a-case-report
#2
Patrik Schatz, Ahmed Aldayel, Ibrahim Taskintuna, Ehab Abdelkader, Marco Mura
BACKGROUND: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in working-age adults worldwide. Panretinal photocoagulation is a cornerstone in its management; however, it may include a range of side effects and complications, one of these being serous retinal detachment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for serous retinal detachment after panretinal photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old Saudi man with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes presented with bilateral progressive proliferative retinopathy in spite of several sessions of panretinal photocoagulation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918753/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-situs-inversus-totalis-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Prakash Devidas Valse, Ram Babu Goyal, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
BACKGROUND: The association of neonatal intestinal obstruction with situs inversus totalis is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature to date. This association poses dilemmas in management. We present two such cases (of Indian origin), and briefly discuss the pertinent literature and measures to prevent unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: a 1-month-old preterm (1300 g) male neonate belonging to Hindu (Indian) ethnicity presented with recurrent bile-stained vomiting, non-passage of stools and epigastric fullness...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917259/successful-treatment-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-as-a-complication-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-case-report
#4
Kensuke Nakatani, Takaharu Kato, Shinichiro Okada, Risa Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nishida, Hiroyasu Komuro, Toshiyuki Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Although gastrointestinal involvement in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis is uncommon, it is associated with mild to severe life-threatening complications. We present a case of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis in a patient with granulomatosis with polyangiitis that was treated successfully with hyperbaric oxygen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese man with a 3-year history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis consulted our hospital with a complaint of severe back pain...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915906/unusually-prolonged-pemetrexed-cytotoxicity-in-a-patient-with-a-lung-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#5
Linda Sakhri, Julian Pinsolle, Denis Moro-Sibilot, Hélène Pluchart
BACKGROUND: We describe a case of pemetrexed toxicities related to reabsorption by an ileal neobladder, which caused prolonged hematotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old white man was diagnosed with metastatic wild-type adenocarcinoma of the upper lobe of his right lung. After a first cycle of cisplatin and pemetrexed, he had unusually prolonged aplasia and acute kidney injury. The prolonged aplasia was caused by pemetrexed reabsorption by the ileal mucosa of the neobladder as pemetrexed was eliminated renally in an active form and is partly lipophilic...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911335/mammary-phyllodes-tumor-with-six-episodes-of-a-relapse-a-case-report
#6
Nozomi Iimori, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Tetsuro Ishikawa, Hidemi Kawajiri, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Phyllodes tumor is a rare breast mass. Most phyllodes tumors are benign, but occasionally some show malignancy. Even if the tumors are benign, they can easily show recurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 48-year-old Asian woman, who had previously undergone a tumorectomy of her left breast 12 years before, with a pathological diagnosis of fibroadenoma. Five years after the initial tumorectomy, the patient presented with an abnormally enlarged left breast...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903762/mesh-penetrating-the-cecum-and-bladder-following-inguinal-hernia-surgery-a-case-report
#7
Hiroshi Asano, Saori Yajima, Yoshie Hosoi, Makoto Takagi, Hiroyuki Fukano, Yasuhiro Ohara, Nozomi Shinozuka, Takaya Ichimura
BACKGROUND: Tension-free repair using mesh is a common inguinal hernia surgical procedure. However, various complications such as mesh-related infection and recurrence may develop as a result. Moreover, although rare, there are also reports of intestinal obstruction caused by adhesion of the mesh to the intestinal wall and cases of mesh migration into various organs. Here, we report our experience with a patient in whom mesh extraction was performed due to migration of mesh into the intestinal tract following inguinal hernia surgery and formation of a fistula with the bladder...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899421/scrotoschisis-a-case-report
#8
Souleymane Sidibe, Maxime Coulibaly, Salman Ghazwani
BACKGROUND: Scrotoschisis is a rare congenital anomaly of the scrotal wall with idiopathic etiology and unknown prevalence. This pathology is extremely rare. We report a new case and review the literature for relevant data. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-day-old full-term baby boy of African ethnicity, who had a homebirth, with birth weight of 2.7 kg presented to our emergency department with exteriorization of left testis; after clinical examination and proper investigations the diagnosis was scrotoschisis...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893301/intussusception-caused-by-heterotopic-gastric-mucosa-in-small-intestine-a-case-report
#9
Priyanka Anand, Sompal Singh, Namrata Sarin
BACKGROUND: Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of small bowel obstruction in children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years and often remains idiopathic in etiology, even after surgery. On microscopic examination, in intussusception normal mucosa is noted but in a few cases heterotopic tissue can be seen. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine is extremely rare except for its occurrence in remnants of Meckel's diverticulum. In view of the rarity of this condition, we report a case of ectopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine that was not associated with remnants of vitelline duct...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889800/adenocarcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-gland-a-case-report
#10
Asmae Touil, Sarah El Abbassi, Yassine Echchikhi, Mustapha Maher, Tayeb Kebdani, Noureddine Benjaafar
BACKGROUND: Primary ductal adenocarcinomas of the lacrimal gland are very rare. This neoplasm shares some histological and immunohistochemical similarities with salivary duct carcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present a case of a 55-year-old Moroccan man with lacrimal gland adenocarcinoma. He underwent orbital exenteration with lymph nodes dissection and ipsilateral parotidectomy. After surgery, he was lost to follow-up and died 13 months later. CONCLUSIONS: Lacrimal gland tumors are rare but highly aggressive salivary gland tumors...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888221/transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation-of-a-corevalve-in-a-jenavalve-prosthesis-a-case-report
#11
Shahram Lotfi, Michael Becker, Ajay Moza, Rüdiger Autschbach, Nikolaus Marx, Jörg Schröder
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become an accepted treatment modality for inoperable or high-risk surgical patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 70-year-old white man who was treated for severe symptomatic aortic regurgitation using transcatheter aortic valve implantation from the apical approach. Because of recurrent cardiac decompensation 4 weeks after implantation he underwent the implantation of a left ventricular assist device system...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886723/pancreatic-injury-in-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Fayza Haider, Mohammed Amin Al Awadhi, Eizat Abrar, Mooza Al Dossari, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Hakima Al Hashimi, Sharif Al Arayedh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Blunt trauma to the abdomen accounts for the majority of abdominal injuries in children. Pancreatic injury, although uncommon (2 to 9%), is the fourth most common solid organ injury. Unlike other solid organ injuries, pancreatic trauma may be subtle and difficult to diagnose. Computed tomography currently is the imaging modality of choice. As the incidence of pancreatic injury in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma is low, management remains a challenge...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882178/differential-lung-ventilation-via-tracheostomy-using-two-endotracheal-tubes-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#13
Demet Demirkol, Yasemin Ataman, Gökhan Gündoğdu
BACKGROUND: This case report presents differential lung ventilation in an infant. The aim is to define an alternative technique for performing differential lung ventilation in children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this kind. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4.2-kg, 2.5-month-old Asian boy was referred to our facility with refractory hypoxemia and hypercarbia due to asymmetric lung disease with atelectasis of the left lung and hyperinflation of the right lung...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877738/sclerosing-thymoma-like-thymic-amyloidoma-with-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Yuto Kato, Miyuki Okuda, Koji Fukuda, Nobuya Tanaka, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Yoshinori Saika, Yoshisumi Haruna, Shouji Kitaguchi, Ryuji Nohara
BACKGROUND: Primary localized amyloidosis presenting as an isolated mediastinal mass is extremely rare, especially in the thymus. Sclerosing thymoma is also an extremely rare anterior mediastinal tumor, pathologically characterized by extensive sclerotic lesions with hyalinization and calcification. Only 14 cases of sclerosing thymoma and five cases of thymic amyloidosis have been reported to date. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed as having sclerosing thymoma (Masaoka stage IVa pericardial dissemination)-like thymic amyloidoma...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874180/ureter-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-a-case-report
#15
Sohgo Tsutsumi, Takashi Kawahara, Yusuke Hattori, Taku Mochizuki, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Sawako Chiba, Hiroji Uemura
BACKGROUND: In most cases, prostate cancer metastasizes to the lymph nodes, bone, and liver. In very rare cases, it metastasizes to the ureter. Due to the difficulty in making a preoperative diagnosis, ureteral metastasis from prostate cancer is typically diagnosed after nephroureterectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old Asian Japanese man with right hydronephrosis and hydroureter was referred to our hospital to undergo further examination due to the suspicion of ureteral cancer...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874174/bile-stained-amniotic-fluid-a-case-report
#16
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Charlotte Wang Chen, Suja Vinod, Meghan S Mehta, Omer Choudry, Lauren Walzer
BACKGROUND: Green-stained amniotic fluid does not always indicate that meconium was passed in utero. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 2280-g Hispanic preterm female born at 32 weeks of gestation with congenital jejunal atresia. The amniotic fluid was greenish stained; the initial impression was meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Postnatal findings revealed no meconium in her rectum. The content of her first stool appeared sticky and white. CONCLUSION: In the absence of meconium in the rectum, the pediatrician should consider the possibility that the greenish amniotic fluid is not meconium stained, but rather stained with bile due to the fetus vomiting in utero secondary to intestinal obstruction...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870235/soy-isoflavones-inducing-overt-hypothyroidism-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lymphocytic-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#17
Yuya Nakamura, Isao Ohsawa, Yoshikazu Goto, Mayumi Tsuji, Tatsunori Oguchi, Naoki Sato, Yuji Kiuchi, Motonori Fukumura, Masahiro Inagaki, Hiromichi Gotoh
BACKGROUND: Many people have thyroid conditions that make them susceptible to hypothyroidism. If the foods they eat may interfere with the production of thyroid hormone, which can lead to development of serious hypothyroidism. The danger of health drinks should always be noted. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old Japanese woman was previously diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis caused by a goiter and had an elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone level (6.56 μIU/ml), a high anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody level (>600 IU/ml), and a high antithyroglobulin level (> 4000 IU/ml) but normal levels of free triiodothyronine (3...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866981/carpal-spasm-in-a-girl-as-initial-presentation-of-celiac-disease-a-case-report
#18
Atifete Ramosaj-Morina, A Keka-Sylaj, V Hasbahta, A Baloku-Zejnullahu, M Azemi, R Zunec
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated disorder elicited by ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible persons. This disorder is characterized by specific histological changes of the small intestine mucosa resulting in malabsorption. This case was written up as it was an unusual and dramatic presentation of celiac disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 3-year-old Albanian girl who presented at our clinic with carpal spasms and hand paresthesia...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865487/sclerosing-angiomatoid-nodular-transformation-of-the-spleen-mimicking-metastasis-of-melanoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ilhan Demirci, Horst Kinkel, Dirk Antoine, Marc Szynaka, Bernd Klosterhalfen, Susanne Herold, Hermann Janßen
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation is a benign disorder of splenic tissue and is often mistaken as a potentially malignant entity in the diagnostic process. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation mimicking metastasis of melanoma in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old white man presented with a newly found splenic mass 4 years ago to our Department of Gastroenterology...
September 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863787/venous-thromboembolism-and-hyperhomocysteinemia-as-first-manifestation-of-pernicious-anemia-a-case-series
#20
W Ammouri, Z Mezalek Tazi, H Harmouche, M Maamar, M Adnaoui
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been suspected of favoring thrombosis. Several case-control studies and even a meta-analysis have confirmed a link between venous thrombosis and hyperhomocysteinemia. Homocysteine is due to genetic and acquired factors (poor diet in folate and vitamin B12, older age, renal impairment, thyroid diseases, and malignancies) induced by the intake and the concentrations of vitamin B9 or B12 in the majority of cases. CASES PRESENTATION: We report the cases of four Moroccan patients who presented with acute vein thrombosis of different sites: a 34-year-old man, a 60-year-old man, a 58-year-old man, and a 47-year-old woman...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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