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Journal of Medical Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646923/predictive-value-of-body-mass-index-to-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-syrian-adolescents
#1
Mahfouz Al-Bachir, Mohamad Adel Bakir
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a serious epidemic health problem in both developing and developed countries. There is much evidence that obesity among adolescents contributed significantly to the development of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in adulthood. Very limited information exists on the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and associated metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between obesity determined by body mass index and the major metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645320/acromegaly-discovered-during-a-routine-out-patient-surgical-procedure-a-case-report
#2
Chukwudi O Chiaghana, Julia M Bauerfeind, Cheri A Sulek, J Christopher Goldstein, Caleb A Awoniyi
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare syndrome in which there is unregulated hypersecretion of growth hormone. The anesthetic management of patients with this disorder is particularly challenging due to pre-existing cardiovascular and respiratory dysfunction, as well as recognized difficulties with airway management. Because of the insidious progression of the disease and the presence of nonspecific signs and symptoms, diagnosis is often made late when characteristic acromegalic features become apparent...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641581/thyrotoxic-and-pheochromocytoma-multisystem-crisis-a-case-report
#3
Kodai Suzuki, Takahito Miyake, Hideshi Okada, Fuminori Yamaji, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Tetsuya Fukuta, Ryu Yasuda, Yoshihito Tanaka, Haruka Okamoto, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Takahiro Yoshida, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis are rare, life-threatening, emergency endocrine diseases with various clinical manifestations. Here we report a case of a patient who simultaneously developed thyrotoxic crisis and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis and required intensive cardiovascular management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Asian man experienced nausea and vomiting, and subsequently developed dyspnea and cold sweats while farming...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641572/a-child-with-hypertension-and-ambiguous-genitalia-an-uncommon-variant-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#4
Vivek Pant, Suman Baral, Bishal Shrestha, Arjun Tumbapo
BACKGROUND: Deficiency in 11β-hydroxylase as a cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is uncommon. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypertension with virilization in any prepubescent child. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old Asian boy from eastern Nepal presented with pain in his abdomen and hypertension. He was raised as a male but had absent testicles since birth and had precocious puberty. Plasma testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone were below baseline level...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637513/sinonasal-teratocarcinosarcoma-a-case-report
#5
Yi Chao Foong, Vince Murdolo, Nusa Naiman, Laura Hepner, Raef Awad
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy with histological features of both carcinosarcoma and teratoma. The optimal management of this malignancy is unclear, with most patients being managed by a combination of surgery and radiotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an 83-year-old white woman with sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma of her left nasal cavity treated with surgical debulking initially with radiological evidence of residual disease which was treated with radiotherapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637499/diagnostic-relevance-of-urinary-steroid-profiles-on-ovarian-granulosa-cell-tumors-two-case-reports
#6
Anita Bufa, Nelli Farkas, Zsolt Preisz, Viktória Poór, Csilla Páger, Sándor Szukits, Bálint Farkas, Péter Miklós Gőcze
BACKGROUND: Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary is the most frequent sex cord stromal tumor and represents 2 to 5% of all primary ovarian cancers. Ovarian granulosa cell tumor is a malignant tumor with slow progression and in some cases this tumor is hormonally active. The recurrence of granulosa cell tumor often happens after 5 years. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe two cases of postmenopausal women with adult-type granulosa cell tumors of the ovary. Patient 1 is a 49-year-old European woman with a recurrent tumor; patient 2 is a 55-year-old European woman without recurrence of tumor...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633652/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-common-hepatic-duct-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#7
Makram Moussa, Wissem Triki, Omar Karray, Ines Marzouk, Bouchoucha Sami
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the common bile duct is a life-threatening condition, usually observed after a trauma or in association with choledocholithiasis or an obstructive tumor of the bile duct. However, a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct is a rare entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new observation of a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct, associated with biliary peritonitis and pancreatitis, in a 15-year-old North African girl. Etiological aspects, specificities of clinical presentation, means of diagnosis, as well as surgical and perioperative management are discussed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#8
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625163/gamma-delta-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-lymphoma-another-case-unclassifiable-by-world-health-organization-classification-a-case-report
#9
Hemant Sindhu, Ruqin Chen, Hui Chen, Jonathan Wong, Rashid Chaudhry, Yin Xu, Jen C Wang
BACKGROUND: We present a case of gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma that does not fit the current World Health Organization classifications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old Caribbean-American woman presented with lymphocytosis, pruritus, and non-drenching night sweats. Bone marrow and peripheral blood analyses both confirmed the diagnosis of gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma. An axillary lymph node biopsy was negative for lymphoma. Clinically absent hepatosplenomegaly and skin lesions with biopsy-proven gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma suggest that she is unclassifiable within the current classification system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623952/spontaneous-cecal-perforation-in-a-40-year-old-pregnant-woman-treated-by-primary-repair-and-omental-patch-a-case-report
#10
Cyrille Kouam, Ouasso Passang, Marc-Leroy Guifo, Nkolaka Atem
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous colonic perforations are scarce, and cecal perforations even more so. Preoperative diagnosis of the latter in a pregnant woman is particularly difficult because of physiologic changes and restrictions on some diagnostic imaging techniques, such as X-rays. Furthermore, management of these patients is a big challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a spontaneous cecal perforation in a 40-year-old pregnant black woman in the Regional Hospital of Bafoussam in Cameroon...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622765/unusual-primary-breast-cancer-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Md Shuayb, Rabeya Begum
BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are a rare type of breast malignancies and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the breast are even rarer. There are no specific clinical and radiological features for the diagnosis of this tumor and histological features are also reported to be nonspecific. Therefore, immunohistochemistry is required for its diagnosis. A definitive treatment protocol is unavailable because of its rarity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a sporadic form of breast malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor found in a 16-year-old Asian Bangladeshi girl...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619080/the-management-of-a-cystic-hepatic-lesion-ruptured-in-the-bile-ducts-a-case-report
#12
Hicham Baba, Mohamed Said Belhamidi, Mohammed El Fahssi, Jihad El Ghanmi, Aziz Zentar
BACKGROUND: Hepatic cystadenoma is a rare benign cystic tumor; it tends to recur after incomplete surgical resection and has malignant potential. We report the case of a patient with a ruptured biliary cystadenoma in the common bile duct that caused diagnostic and therapeutic problems. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old North African woman, admitted for angiocholitis, was operated 2 months before for a hepatic cystic lesion taken for a hydatid cyst compressing her common bile duct...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619048/hematochezia-caused-by-eosinophilic-proctocolitis-in-a-newborn-before-oral-feeding-a-case-report
#13
Marie-Julie Debuf, Tania Claeys, Jean-Philippe Stalens, Luc Cornette
BACKGROUND: Hematochezia is a frequent symptom in early infancy. However, it occurs very rarely within the immediate neonatal period, and its occurrence before any oral intake is particularly rare. Because of the "congenital" presentation of hematochezia in our patient, we initially considered our case to be a non-classical, potentially severe type of food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis. This diagnosis needs to be confirmed by an abnormal oral challenge test once the hematochezia has disappeared...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615033/a-novel-frameshift-mutation-in-the-xpc-gene-in-a-moroccan-patient-a-case-report
#14
Yassamine Doubaj, Wiam Smaili, Fatima-Zahra Laarabi, Abdelaziz Sefiani
BACKGROUND: Xeroderma pigmentosum is an autosomal recessive inherited disease. The diagnosis is essentially based on clinical findings and the family history. This genodermatosis is genetically heterogeneous; to date, nine genes have been associated to this disorder. Based on the result of many studies, xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C is the most common form of xeroderma pigmentosum. A founder mutation in the XPC gene was reported in the Maghreb region of northern Africa...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610599/reversible-diabetes-mellitus-induced-by-use-of-and-improved-after-discontinuation-of-the-antiretroviral-medication-zidovudine-a-case-report
#15
Kentaro Iwata, Wataru Ogawa
BACKGROUND: With the advent of effective antiretroviral therapy, the care of patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection became more like that of other chronic diseases. Diabetes mellitus can also occur as one of the chronic illnesses affecting patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. We report a case of newly developed diabetes mellitus in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection, most likely caused by the nucleoside analogue zidovudine, and its improvement after discontinuation of zidovudine...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610630/osteosarcoma-of-the-lower-limb-metastasized-to-the-septum-and-right-side-of-the-heart-a-case-report
#16
Elisha Osati, Alice Kaijage, Reuben Muta, Peter Muhoka, Merckris Mango, Peter Kisenge, Bashir Nyangasa, Pedro Pallangyo, Delillah Kimambo, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Metastatic cardiac tumors are far more common than primary tumors. Although the hematogenous spread of osteosarcoma is well known, the imaging findings of cardiovascular involvement by osteosarcoma are seldom reported and can be difficult to recognize. CASE PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old man of African descent presented to our center complaining of shortness of breath, awareness of heart beats, easy fatigability, swelling of lower limbs, and left-side chest discomfort for the past 6 months getting worse for the last 3 months prior to his third readmission...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602157/thymic-large-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-a-rare-and-aggressive-tumor-a-case-report
#17
Efared Boubacar, Gabrielle Atsame-Ebang, Sani Rabiou, Ammor Fatimazahra, Asmae Mazti, Ibrahim S Sidibé, Layla Tahiri, Nawal Hammas, Ouadnouni Yassine, Smahi Mohamed, Chbani Laila, El Fatemi Hinde
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors are a large group of tumors with a wide spectrum of behavior, affecting mainly the digestive system and the lung. The thymus is very rarely affected. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Arab woman presented with chronic chest pain and dyspnea. A computed tomography scan showed a huge anterior mediastinal mass invading neighboring structures. A mediastinotomy was performed with biopsies of the mass. Pathological findings were consistent with a thymic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601092/ischemic-stroke-complicating-thrombolytic-therapy-with-tenecteplase-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-two-case-reports
#18
Salim Arous, Meryem Haboub, Mohamed El Ghali Benouna, Tarik Bentaoune, Rachida Habbal
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic complications are quite common in the rare cases where thrombolysis is performed. Ischemic stroke in the aftermath of thrombolysis for a ST elevation myocardial infarction is a very rare and paradoxical complication. With these observations in mind we report two interesting cases of ischemic stroke which occurred after fibrinolytic therapy with tenecteplase for a ST elevation myocardial infarction. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case was a 56-year-old African man who presented with an acute infero-basal ST elevation myocardial infarction 6 hours after chest pain onset...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599682/bilateral-ocular-ischemia-induced-blindness-as-a-presenting-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-a-case-report
#19
Pedro Pallangyo, Emmanuel Epafra, Paulina Nicholaus, Frederick Lyimo, Parvina Kazahura, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis is a granulomatous panarteritis that predominantly affects the aorta and its major branches. The initial manifestations of this large-vessel vasculitis are usually nonspecific; however, as the disease progresses, typical symptoms of arterial occlusion, aneurysmal formation, and vascular pain become evident. Ischemic ocular complications of Takayasu arteritis which could lead to complete loss of vision are not uncommon and depend on the obliterated portion(s) of carotid(s), the intensity and rate of progression of ocular vascular insufficiency, and sufficiency of the collateral blood supply to the eye...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595655/nuclear-protein-in-testis-carcinoma-of-the-mediastinum-a-case-report
#20
Gonçalo Boleto, Jeanne-Marie Perotin, Claire Launois, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Philippe Birembaut, Sandra Dury, Hervé Vallerand, François Lebargy, Gaëtan Deslée, Juliette Vella-Boucaud
BACKGROUND: Nuclear protein in testis carcinoma is a rare and very aggressive undifferentiated cancer which characteristically arises in the midline of the head, neck, and mediastinum. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 46-year-old white woman admitted for superior vena cava syndrome revealing a mediastinal tumor. Pathological examination of specimens obtained by mediastinoscopy revealed an undifferentiated tumor with solid growth and positive immunoreactivity for p40 and negative immunoreactivity for cytokeratin markers...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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