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Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923366/an-afternoon-with-the-editors
#1
EDITORIAL
Cynthia G Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901279/communication-with-the-editors-summary
#2
Erin Dolan
The question has been asked, whether one should ever write a presubmission enquiry to an editor. This topic, "How to communicate with editors", follows on from this question. Several important points regarding communication with the editors are: (1) Do your homework beforehand, (2) Read the instructions for authors carefully, (3) Consider whether the research to be presented relates to the work of other authors in the journal, (4) Note the list of editorial board members, (5) Reach out to an editor with any queries, and (6) Listen carefully to any advice given by the editor...
June 14, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901275/writing-scientific-and-medical-papers-clearly
#3
Denys Wheatley
My concern in this presentation is with the falling standard of papers, particularly primary research articles, in the scientific and medical literature. Few of our younger generation of scientists (and many older ones) have never had specific training in how to write a good paper, and yet this is the major product of all research effort that has been done, perhaps over a year or more. This is a situation that has to be corrected by all institutions, universities and similar bodies, who need to introduce into the curriculum a course (not just a token lecture) that deals with the complexity of writing a lucid paper that is succinct and written with style...
June 14, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901271/stewardship-of-integrity-in-scientific-communication
#4
Kurt H Albertine
Integrity in the pursuit of discovery through application of the scientific method and reporting the results is an obligation for each of us as scientists. We cannot let the value of science be diminished because discovering knowledge is vital to understand ourselves and our impacts on the earth. We support the value of science by our stewardship of integrity in the conduct, training, reporting, and proposing of scientific investigation. The players who have these responsibilities are authors, reviewers, editors, and readers...
June 14, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901270/reproducibility-a-journal-editor-s-perspective
#5
David Drubin
Recent articles published in the popular press have highlighted how science can go wrong; alarmingly, when some labs have attempted to reproduce results of already published data from preclinical studies, they have reported being successful only 12%-25% of the time. Since there is a lack of consensus about this problem, this talk focusses on the magnitude and applicability of the problem of reproducibility and what journals can do to address it. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 14, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752872/functional-neuroimaging-of-nociceptive-and-pain-related-activity-in-the-spinal-cord-and-brain-insights-from-neurovascular-coupling-studies
#6
Thierry Paquette, Renaud Jeffrey-Gauthier, Hugues Leblond, Mathieu Piché
Spinal cord and brain processes underlie pain perception, which produces systemic cardiovascular changes. In turn, the autonomic nervous system regulates vascular function in the spinal cord and brain in order to adapt to these systemic changes, while neuronal activity induces local vascular changes. Thus, autonomic regulation and pain processes in the brain and spinal cord are tightly linked and interrelated. The objective of this topical review is to discuss work on neurovascular coupling during nociceptive processing in order to highlight supporting evidence and limitations for the use of cerebral and spinal fMRI to investigate pain mechanisms and spinal nociceptive processes...
May 12, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752870/morphological-and-cellular-characterization-of-the-fetal-canine-canis-lupus-familiaris-subventricular-zone-rostral-migratory-stream-and-olfactory-bulb
#7
Dailiany Orechio, Bruna Andrade Aguiar, Giovanne Baroni Diniz, Jackson Cioni Bittencourt, Carlos A Haemmerle, Ii-Sei Watanabe, Maria Angelica Miglino, Patricia Castelucci
The existence of neurogenesis in the adult brain is a widely recognized phenomenon, occurring in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in several vertebrate species. Neural precursors originated in the SVZ migrate to the main olfactory bulb (MOB), originating the rostral migratory stream (RMS) in the process. To better understand the formation of the adult neurogenic niches in dogs, we investigated the cellular composition and morphological organization of these areas in 57 days-old dog fetuses...
May 12, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752865/anti-arthritic-effects-of-sorafenib-in-rats-with-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#8
Zhen-Zhen Wang, Fei Liu, Yong-Fang Gong, Tian-Yu Huang, Xiao-Ming Zhang, Xue-Ying Huanga
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membrane of joints. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether sorafenib exerts anti-arthritic effects on RA in vivo. Adjuvant arthritis (AA) was induced (day 0) in male Sprague-Dawley rats by intradermal injection of 0.1 ml of complete Freund's complete adjuvant into the left hind paw. Sorafenib (10, 20, or 40 mg/kg/day) was administered intragastrically from day 10 to 24. Body weight, paw volume, synovial inflammation, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-10, and IL-17 serum levels were detected...
May 12, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752863/3d-mri-modeling-of-thin-and-spatially-complex-soft-tissue-structures-without-shrinkage-lamprey-myosepta-as-an-example
#9
Bradley M Wood, Guang Jia, Owen Carmichael, Kevin McKlveen, Dominique G Homberger
3D imaging techniques enable the non-destructive analysis and modeling of complex structures. Among these, MRI exhibits good soft tissue contrast, but is currently less commonly used for non-clinical research than x-ray CT, even though the latter requires contrast-staining that shrinks and distorts soft tissues. When the objective is the creation of a realistic and complete 3D model of soft tissue structures, MRI data are more demanding to acquire and visualize and require extensive post-processing because they comprise non-cubic voxels with dimensions that represent a trade-off between tissue contrast and image resolution...
May 12, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740965/comparative-evaluation-of-chitosan-nerve-guides-with-regular-or-increased-bendability-for-acute-and-delayed-peripheral-nerve-repair-a-comprehensive-comparison-with-autologous-nerve-grafts-and-muscle-in-vein-grafts
#10
Maria Stößel, Vivien M Wildhagen, Olaf Helmecke, Jennifer Metzen, Charlotte B Pfund, Thomas Freier, Kirsten Haastert-Talini
Reconstruction of joint-crossing digital nerves requires the application of nerve guides with a much higher flexibility than used for peripheral nerve repair along larger bones. Nevertheless, collapse-resistance should be preserved to avoid secondary damage to the regrowing nerve tissue. In recent years, we presented chitosan nerve guides (CNGs) to be highly supportive for the regeneration of critical gap length peripheral nerve defects in the rat. Now, we evidently increased the bendability of regular CNGs (regCNGs) by developing a wavy wall structure, that is, corrugated CNGs (corrCNGs)...
May 8, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740961/expression-of-regeneration-associated-proteins-in-primary-sensory-neurons-and-regenerating-axons-after-nerve-injury-an-overview
#11
Petr Dubový, Ilona Klusáková, Ivana Hradilová-Svíženská, Marek Joukal
Peripheral nerve injury results in profound alterations of the affected neurons resulting from the interplay between intrinsic and extrinsic molecular events. Restarting the neuronal regenerative program is an important prerequisite for functional recovery of the injured peripheral nerve. The primary sensory neurons with their cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia provide a useful in vivo and in vitro model for studying the mechanisms that regulate intrinsic neuronal regeneration capacity following axotomy...
May 8, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729220/post-hatching-growth-of-the-pectoralis-muscle-in-pigeon-and-its-functional-implications
#12
Xinxin Liang, Jiali Yu, Huan Wang, Zihui Zhang
The avian pectoralis muscle is responsible for the wing's downstroke, which provides birds with lift and thrust for flight. In the present study, architectural parameters were investigated through growth in the pigeon (Columba livia), an altricial bird species, from the ages of 4 days to 12 months, in order to assess the morphological changes and effects of increasing body mass. Muscle mass, fascicle length, and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) increased with strong positive allometry. As an indicator of force production capacity, the PCSA increased 30-fold with the changes in body mass; it grew rapidly during the nesting period and post-fledging period into sexual maturity...
May 5, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729218/neonatal-growth-restriction-slows-cardiomyocyte-development-and-reduces-adult-heart-size
#13
Madeline H Knott, Sarah E Haskell, Payton E Strawser, Olivia M Rice, Natalie T Bonthius, Vani C Movva, Benjamin E Reinking, Robert D Roghair
Prematurity is associated with reduced cardiac dimensions and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. While prematurity is typically associated with ex utero neonatal growth restriction (GR), the independent effect of neonatal GR on cardiac development has not been established. We tested the hypothesis that isolated neonatal GR decreases cardiomyocyte growth and proliferation, leading to long-term alterations in cardiac morphology. C57BL/6 mice were fostered in litters ranging in size from 6 to 12 pups to accentuate normal variation in neonatal growth...
May 5, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729212/nerve-regeneration-in-conditions-of-hsv-infection-and-an-antiviral-drug-influence
#14
Alla Gumenyuk, Svetlana Rybalko, Alona Ryzha, Sergey Savosko, Dmytro Labudzynskyi, Natalia Levchuk, Yuri Chaikovsky
Herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I) is a latent neuroinfection which can cause focal brain lesion. The role of HSV-infection in nerve regeneration has not been studied so far. The aim of the work was to study sciatic nerve regeneration in the presence of HSV-infection and the influence of an antiviral drug. BALB/c line mice were divided into five groups. Group 1 animals were infected with HSV-I. After resolution of neuroinfection manifestations the sciatic nerve of these animals was crushed. Group 2 mice were administered acyclovir following the same procedures...
May 5, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729209/gaze-stability-dynamic-balance-and-participation-deficits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-at-fall-risk
#15
Hina Garg, Leland E Dibble, Michael C Schubert, Jim Sibthorp, K Bo Foreman, Eduard Gappmaier
Despite the common complaints of dizziness and demyelination of afferent or efferent pathways to and from the vestibular nuclei which may adversely affect the angular Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex (aVOR) and vestibulo-spinal function in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS), few studies have examined gaze and dynamic balance function in PwMS. OBJECTIVES: 1) Determine the differences in gaze stability, dynamic balance and participation measures between PwMS and controls, 2) Examine the relationships between gaze stability, dynamic balance and participation...
May 5, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710430/the-nasal-cavity-of-the-rat-and-mouse-source-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-treatment-of-peripheral-nerve-injury
#16
Rui Damásio Alvites, Ana Rita Caseiro, Sílvia Santos Pedrosa, Mariana Esteves Vieira, Artur S P Varejão, Ana Colette Maurício
The nasal cavity performs several crucial functions in mammals, including rodents, being involved in respiration, behavior, reproduction and olfaction. Its anatomical structure is complex and divided into several regions, including the olfactory recess where the olfactory mucosa is located and where the capture and interaction with the environmental odorants occurs. Among the cells of this region are the olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem cells, whose location raises the possibility that these cells could be involved in the peculiar ability of the olfactory nerve to regenerate continuously throughout life, although this relationship has not yet been confirmed...
April 30, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710422/minocycline-does-not-reduce-the-regenerative-capacity-of-peripheral-motor-and-sensory-neurons-after-a-conditioning-injury-in-mice
#17
Irene Sanchez-Brualla, Aina Calls-Cobos, Esther Udina
Minocycline has been reported to be both beneficial and detrimental for nerve regeneration after peripheral nerve injury. By reducing the inflammatory response, minocycline administration reduces pain and has neuroprotective effects, but it also inhibits Wallerian degeneration in the distal stump, and reduces microglia and macrophages activity on motor and sensory neurons, which could reduce their intrinsic regenerative capacity. The aim of this study was to determine if the administration of minocycline after nerve injury inhibits the regenerative capacity of motoneurons and sensory neurons after a conditioning lesion...
April 30, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710417/evaluation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-and-its-family-member-expression-after-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-and-denervation
#18
Luisa Muratori, Sara Gnavi, F Fregnan, Anabella Mancardi, Stefania Raimondo, Isabelle Perroteau, Stefano Geuna
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represents one of the main factors involved not only in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis but also in neuritogenesis. VEGF plays its function acting via different receptors: VEGF receptor1 (VEGFR-1), VEGF receptor2 (VEGFR-2), VEGF receptor3 (VEGFR-3), and co-receptors Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) and Neuropilin-2 (NRP2). This study reports on the first in vivo analysis of the expression of VEGF and VEGF family molecules in peripheral nerve degeneration and regeneration: for this purpose, different models of nerve lesion in rat were adopted, the median nerve crush injury and the median nerve transaction followed or not by end-to end microsurgical repair...
April 30, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710414/combined-influence-of-gelatin-fibre-topography-and-growth-factors-on-cultured-dorsal-root-ganglia-neurons
#19
Sara Gnavi, Michela Morano, Benedetta Elena Fornasari, Claudio Riccobono, Chiara Tonda-Turo, Marco Zanetti, Gianluca Ciardelli, Giovanna Gambarotta, Isabelle Perroteau, Stefano Geuna, Stefania Raimondo
Nerve guidance channels facilitate nerve regeneration and represent an attractive alternative to nerve graft. Actually, nano- and microstructured biomaterials for nerve reconstruction have gained much attention, thanks to recent discoveries about topography effects on cell behavior and morphology. Electrospun fibres have been proposed as filler or structural component for nerve guidance channels, principally due to their similarity with extracellular matrices which facilitate nerve regeneration. Among several tested biomaterials, gelatin has been used to prepare fibres able to support Schwann cell migration and neurite outgrowth...
April 30, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710409/papillary-architecture-and-functional-characterization-of-mucosubstances-in-the-sheep-tongue
#20
Serkan Erdoğan, Hakan Sağsöz
This research aimed to reveal the general morphology and topographic distribution of lingual papillae, epithelial characteristics, mucosal structure, and glands with their mucin content in the sheep tongue, with consideration of species-specific characteristics. The tongues of ten sheep were analyzed for this purpose. Filiform and fungiform papillae existed within the borders of the ventral surface of the lingual apex. The majority of the filiform papillae had multiple secondary projections. Fungiform papillae were also seen on the lingual torus among lenticular papillae, as well as 6 to 10 circumvallate papillae arranged on its caudal border...
April 30, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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