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Plant Signaling & Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816619/a-survey-of-the-pyrabactin-resistance-like-abscisic-acid-receptor-gene-family-in-poplar
#1
Jingling Yu, Hejuan Li, Yajing Peng, Lei Yang, Fugeng Zhao, Sheng Luan, Wenzhi Lan
The conserved PYR/PYL/RCAR family acts as abscisic acid (ABA) receptors for land plants to adapt to terrestrial environments. Our recent study reported that the exogenous overexpression of poplar PtPYRL1 and PtPYRL5, the PYR/PYL/RCAR orthologs, promoted the sensitivity of transgenic Arabidopsis to ABA responses. Here, we surveyed the PtPYRL family in poplar, and revealed that although the sequence and structure are relatively conserved among these receptors, PtPYRL members have differential expression patterns and the sensitivity to ABA or drought treatment, suggesting that PtPYRLs might be good candidates to a future biotechnological use in order to enhance poplar resistance to water-stress environments...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816608/function-of-plasma-membrane-microdomain-associated-proteins-during-legume-nodulation
#2
Zhenzhen Qiao, Marc Libault
Plasma membrane microdomains are plasma membrane sub-compartments enriched in sphingolipids and sterols, and composed by a specific set of proteins. They are involved in recognizing signal molecules, transducing these signals, and controlling endocytosis and exocytosis processes. In a recent study, applying biochemical and microscopic methods, we characterized the soybean GmFWL1 protein, a major regulator of soybean nodulation, as a new membrane microdomain-associated protein. Interestingly, upon rhizobia inoculation of the soybean root system, GmFWL1 and one of its interacting partners, GmFLOT2/4, both translocate to the root hair cell tip, the primary site of interaction and infection between soybean and Rhizobium...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816601/stomate-based-defense-and-environmental-cues
#3
Shweta Panchal, Maeli Melotto
Environmental conditions play crucial roles in modulating immunity and disease in plants. For instance, many bacterial disease outbreaks occur after periods of high humidity and rain. A critical step in bacterial infection is entry into the plant interior through wounds or natural openings, such as stomata. Bacterium-triggered stomatal closure is an integral part of the plant immune response to reduce pathogen invasion. Recently, we found that high humidity compromises stomatal defense, which is accompanied by regulation of the salicylic acid and jasmonic acid pathways in guard cells...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816596/expression-profiling-of-development-related-genes-in-rice-plants-ectopically-expressing-attor
#4
Achala Bakshi, Mazahar Moin, Raju Datla, P B Kirti
Expression analysis of genes associated with development at different growth stages such as shoot apical meristem (SAM), root apical meristem (RAM), shoot and root tissues 10 DAG, flowers and grains of two high expression transgenic lines of rice ectopically expressing AtTOR revealed the involvement of AtTOR in transcriptional regulation of these genes. We have observed that in the SAM of these two selected lines, TR-2.24 and TR-15.1, OsFON1 and OsFON4 (orthologs of AtCLV1 and AtCLV3, respectively), OsKNOX2, OsKNOX3 and OsWOX3 became up-regulated...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816593/elucidating-the-role-of-wrky27-in-male-sterility-in-arabidopsis
#5
M Shahid Mukhtar, Xiaoyu Liu, Imre E Somssich
The WRKY proteins belong to a superfamily of TFs that play pivotal roles in responses to a wide range of biotic, abiotic, developmental and physiological cues. Here, we assayed the accumulation of basal WRKY27 transcripts in diverse tissue including root, shoot, leaf and flowers. We demonstrated that plants over-expressing WRKY27 transcript levels exhibit growth aberrations and fertility defects. Scanning electron microscopic data suggest that WRKY27 overexpressor plants exhibit pollen dehiscence defects. Our fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis assay showed that flowers of plants overexpressing WRKY27 display significantly decreased pollen viability...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816584/how-dellas-contribute-to-control-potassium-uptake-under-conditions-of-potassium-scarcity-hypotheses-and-uncertainties
#6
Sonia Oliferuk, Adriana Pérez, Vicente Martinez, Reyes Ródenas, Francisco Rubio, Guillermo E Santa María
Maintenance of the inward transport of potassium (K) by roots is a critical step to ensure K-nutrition for all plant tissues. When plants are grown at low external K concentrations a strong enhancement of the activity of the AtHAK5 transporter takes place. In a recent work, we observed that the gai-1 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, which bears an altered function version of a DELLA regulatory protein, displays reduced accumulation of AtHAK5 transcripts and reduced uptake of Rubidium, an analogue for K. In this Addendum we discuss some hypotheses and uncertainties regarding how DELLAs could contribute to the control of K uptake under those conditions...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805500/chitin-receptor-mediated-activation-of-map-kinases-and-ros-production-in-rice-and-arabidopsis
#7
Tsutomu Kawasaki, Kenta Yamada, Satomi Yoshimura, Koji Yamaguchi
Rapid induction of plant immune responses is essential to inhibit colonization and invasion by pathogens. Plants can recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) including fungal chitin and bacterial flagellin using pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), which trigger the intracellular activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). MAPK activation and ROS production play pivotal roles in the induction of robust immune responses...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805497/putative-role-of-glutamine-in-the-activation-of-cbl-cipk-signalling-pathways-during-salt-stress-in-sorghum
#8
Rafael de Souza Miranda, Juan Carlos Alvarez-Pizarro, José Hélio Costa, Stelamaris de Oliveira Paula, José Tarquinio Prisco, Enéas Gomes-Filho
The salt overly sensitive (SOS) pathway is the only mechanism known for Na(+) extrusion in plant cells. SOS pathway activation involves Ca(2+)-sensing proteins, such as calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins, and CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). In this signalling mechanism, a transit increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration triggered by Na(+) accumulation is perceived by CBL (also known as SOS3). Afterward, SOS3 physically interacts with a CIPK (also known as SOS2), forming the SOS2/SOS3 complex, which can regulate the number downstream targets, controlling ionic homeostasis...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805493/pathways-for-external-alkalinization-in-intact-and-in-microwounded-chara-cells-are-differentially-sensitive-to-wortmannin
#9
Alexander A Bulychev, Ilse Foissner
Proton flows across the plant cell membranes play a major role in electrogenesis and regulation of photosynthesis and ion balance. The profiles of external pH along the illuminated internodal cells of characean algae consist of alternating high- and low-pH zones that are spatially coordinated with the distribution of photosynthetic activity of chloroplasts underlying these zones. The results based on confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy, pH microsensors, and pulse-amplitude-modulated chlorophyll microfluorometry revealed that the coordination of H(+) transport and photosynthesis is disrupted by the two different environmental cues (low light and wounding) and by a chemical, wortmannin interfering with the inositol phospholipid metabolism...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805492/roles-of-rice-phytochrome-interacting-factor-like1-ospil1-in-leaf-senescence
#10
Yasuhito Sakuraba, Eun-Young Kim, Nam-Chon Paek
Rice (Oryza sativa) Phytochrome-Interacting Factor-Like1 (OsPIL1), a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, plays an important role in the elongation of internode cells. Recently, we found that OsPIL1 participates in chlorophyll biosynthesis by directly upregulating several genes encoding components of the photosystem apparatus. Here, we show that OsPIL1 negatively regulates leaf senescence in rice. During dark-induced senescence (DIS), ospil1 mutants senesced earlier than wild type; this is opposite to mutants of Arabidopsis PIF4 and PIF5, the closest homologs of OsPIL1...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805486/cop1-integrates-light-signals-to-rop2-for-cell-cycle-activation
#11
Wenguo Cai, Xiaojuan Li, Yanlin Liu, Yaowei Wang, Yue Zhou, Tongda Xu, Yan Xiong
The exquisite regulation of cell division at the shoot apex according to the external environmental cues enables plants to adapt the ever-changing environment. We have recently shown that light direct signaling and carbohydrate (sugar) energy signaling are both essential for the activation of cell division at the shoot apex. Light is converted to auxin signal to activate small GTPase 2 (ROP2). Subsequently, the activated ROP2 directly interacts with Target of Rapamycin (TOR) protein kinase, a pivotal regulator of cell division, to promotes its kinase activity...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805485/transcriptional-activity-of-transposable-elements-may-contribute-to-gene-expression-changes-in-the-syncytium-formed-by-cyst-nematode-in-arabidopsis-roots
#12
Sarbottam Piya, Morgan Bennett, Aditi Rambani, Tarek Hewezi
Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile genetic materials that constitute a large fraction of plant genomes. Recent experimental evidences indicate that TEs can play key regulatory roles in controlling the expression of adjacent genes during plant development and stress responses. Nevertheless, information about the transcriptional activity of TEs and their impact on proximal genes during plant-nematode interaction remains largely unknown. Here, we identify of differentially expressed TEs and report their possible influence on the expression of nearby genes during the susceptible interaction between the beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii and Arabidopsis thaliana...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805482/cyclophilin-20-3-is-positioned-as-a-regulatory-hub-between-light-dependent-redox-and-12-oxo-phytodienoic-acid-signaling
#13
Hoon Cheong, Izailda Barbosa Dos Santos, Wenshan Liu, Heather N Gosse, Sang-Wook Park
The jasmonate family of phytohormones plays central roles in plant development and stress acclimation. However, the regulatory modes of their signaling circuitry remain largely unknown. Here we describe that cyclophilin 20-3 (CYP20-3), a binding protein of (+)-12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA), crisscrosses stress responses with light-dependent redox reactions, which fine-tunes the activity of key enzymes in the plastid photosynthetic carbon assimilation and sulfur assimilation pathways. Under stressed states, OPDA - accumulated in the chloroplasts - binds and promotes CYP20-3 to transfer electron (e(-)) from thioredoxins (i...
August 14, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786767/arabidopsis-thaliana-acyl-coa-binding-protein-acbp6-interacts-with-plasmodesmata-located-protein-pdlp8
#14
Zi-Wei Ye, Qin-Fang Chen, Mee-Len Chye
In Arabidopsis thaliana, six acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs), designated as AtACBP1 to AtACBP6, have been identified to function in various events related to plant stress and development. The 10-kDa AtACBP6 is the smallest in this protein family, and recombinant AtACBP6 interacts with lipids in vitro by binding to acyl-CoA esters and phosphatidylcholine. Using anti-AtACBP6 antibodies in immunoelectron microscopy, we have localized AtACBP6 in the Arabidopsis phloem. The detection of immunogold grains in the plasmodesmata suggested that AtACBP6 could move from the companion cells to the sieve elements via the plasmodesmata...
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786751/bliss-shining-a-light-on-lignification-in-plants
#15
Clémence Simon, Cedric Lion, Brigitte Huss, Anne-Sophie Blervacq, Corentin Spriet, Yann Guérardel, Christophe Biot, Simon Hawkins
Lignin is a polyphenolic polymer of the plant cell wall formed by the oxidative polymerization of three main monomers called monolignols that give rise to the lignin H-, G- and S-units. Together with cellulose and hemicelluloses, lignin is a major component of plant biomass that is widely exploited by humans in numerous industrial processes. Despite recent advances in our understanding of monolignol biosynthesis, our current understanding of the spatio-temporal regulation of their transport and polymerization is more limited...
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786748/update-on-adaptor-protein-3-in-arabidopsis
#16
Qiang-Nan Feng, Sha Li, Yan Zhang
Adaptor proteins (APs) mediate protein sorting within endomembrane compartments in eukaryotic cells. AP-3 is an ancient AP complex mediating vacuolar trafficking in different phyla. Only recently, a few tonoplast proteins have been identified as AP-3 cargos in Arabidopsis whereas the function of AP-3 was largely unexplored. Here, we summarize recent advances on AP-3 in Arabidopsis, pointing at the potential roles of AP-3 in plant development and cellular processes.
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786736/interspecies-cooperations-of-abutilon-theophrasti-with-root-colonizing-microorganisms-disarm-boa-oh-allelochemicals
#17
Margot Schulz, Dieter Sicker, Oliver Schackow, Lothar Hennig, Andrey Yurkov, Meike Siebers, Diana Hofmann, Ulrich Disko, Cristina Ganimede, Letizia Mondani, Vincenzo Tabaglio, Adriano Marocco
A facultative, microbial micro-community colonizing roots of Abutilon theophrasti Medik. supports the plant in detoxifying hydroxylated benzoxazolinones. The root micro-community is composed of several fungi and bacteria with Actinomucor elegans as a dominant species. The yeast Papiliotrema baii and the bacterium Pantoea ananatis are actively involved in the detoxification of hydroxylated benzoxazolinones by generating H2O2. At the root surface, laccases, peroxidases and polyphenol oxidases cooperate for initiating polymerization reactions, whereby enzyme combinations seem to differ depending on the hydroxylation position of BOA-OHs...
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786735/identification-of-the-actual-coding-region-for-polyamine-oxidase-6-from-rice-ospao6-and-its-partial-characterization
#18
G H M Sagor, Tomonobu Kusano, Thomas Berberich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786730/stomatal-conductance-increases-with-rising-temperature
#19
Josef Urban, Miles Ingwers, Mary Anne McGuire, Robert O Teskey
Stomatal conductance directly modifies plant water relations and photosynthesis. Many environmental factors affecting the stomatal conductance have been intensively studied but temperature has been largely neglected, even though it is one of the fastest changing environmental variables and it is rising due to climate change. In this study, we describe how stomata open when the temperature increases. Stomatal conductance increased by ca 40% in a broadleaf and a coniferous species, poplar (Populus deltoides x nigra) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) when temperature was increased by 10 °C, from 30 °C to 40 °C at a constant vapor pressure deficit of 1 kPa...
August 8, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782990/glutathione-oxidation-in-response-to-intracellular-h2o2-key-but-overlapping-roles-for-dehydroascorbate-reductases
#20
Marie-Sylviane Rahantaniaina, Shengchun Li, Gilles Chatel-Innocenti, Andrée Tuzet, Amna Mhamdi, Hélène Vanacker, Graham Noctor
Glutathione is a pivotal molecule in oxidative stress, during which it is potentially oxidized by several pathways linked to H2O2 detoxification. We have investigated the response and functional importance of three potential routes for glutathione oxidation pathways mediated by glutathione S-transferases (GST), glutaredoxin-dependent peroxiredoxins (PRXII), and dehydroascorbate reductases (DHAR) in Arabidopsis during oxidative stress. Loss-of-function gstU8, gstU24, gstF8, prxIIE and prxIIF mutants as well as double gstU8 gstU24, gstU8 gstF8, gstU24 gstF8, prxIIE prxIIF mutants were obtained...
August 7, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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