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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

Melissa D Zullo, Emily C Gathright, Mary A Dolansky, Richard A Josephson, Vinay K Cheruvu, Joel W Hughes
PURPOSE: On the basis of several small studies, depression is often considered a barrier to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) enrollment and program completion. The purpose of this research was to examine the association between depression diagnosis and participation in CR in a large sample of Medicare beneficiaries with recent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Medicare beneficiaries with an MI during 2008 (N = 158 991). CR enrollment was determined by the Carrier and Outpatient files using the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System #93797 or #93798...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Steven J Keteyian, Dennis J Kerrigan, Jonathan K Ehrman, Clinton A Brawner
PURPOSE: To describe exercise training workloads, estimated as metabolic equivalents of task (METs) both upon exit from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and as the change in MET level following CR, stratified by age, sex, initial MET level, number of sessions completed, and qualifying event at entry into CR. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 8319 (31% female) patients who completed ≥9 exercise training sessions in the early outpatient CR program at Henry Ford Hospital...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Shannon Jordan, Justin Karcher, Rebecca Rogers, Kathleen Kennedy, Anne Lawrence, Jenny Adams
PURPOSE: Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Clinton A Brawner, Daniel Girdano, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian
PURPOSE: There is an inverse relationship between phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) visits and all-cause mortality. Phase 3 CR is a maintenance exercise program for which clinical outcomes are uncertain. This retrospective study describes the association between phase 3 CR participation and clinical events among patients with ischemic heart disease after completion of phase 2 CR. METHODS: Patients who completed 12 visits of phase 2 CR as provided by their health insurance were categorized on the basis of their frequency of participation (ie, none, irregular, and regular) in phase 3 CR during the 8 weeks after phase 2 CR...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Enid Y Sun, Yuri T Jadotte, William Halperin
PURPOSE: Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients following an acute cardiac event or cardiac surgery according to the The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Studies have shown that there are differences in cardiac rehabilitation participation rates between sociodemographic groups. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to synthesize quantitative data on the relationship between outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) attendance and various sociodemographic factors...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Susan L Dunn, L Maureen Dunn, Nicole P Rieth, Grace B Olamijulo, Lien L Swieringa, Theresa P Holden, Jacob A Clark, Holli A DeVon, Nathan L Tintle
PURPOSE: Hopelessness is associated with increased adverse events and decreased survival in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of this research was to examine the effect of regular home- and hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise on hopelessness levels in patients with CHD, hypothesizing that increased exercise in either setting would lead to decreased state hopelessness. METHODS: A descriptive longitudinal design was used at a large teaching hospital in Michigan...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Annemarie L Lee, Karl Zabjek, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
PURPOSE: Changes in posture in individuals with an obstructive respiratory disease have been reported, but the extent of these deviations and their clinical significance is not well understood. This study aimed to systematically review the literature of the skeletal structural alignment in children and adults with an obstructive respiratory disease, describe the measurement techniques used, and determine the clinical relevance of any alternations. METHODS: Observational cohort or cross-sectional studies of postural assessment were identified, with 2 reviewers independently assessing study quality...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Adam Pflum, Pallavi Gomadam, Hardik Mehta, Matthew Sacrinty, Connie C Paladenech, Killian Robinson
PURPOSE: The correlation between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and increased cardiovascular disease-related mortality is well established. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves exercise capacity, quality of life, and risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Data on the benefits of CR in patients with CKD are sparse. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes after CR in patients with CAD but normal renal function, versus those with CAD and CKD. METHODS: We studied 804 patients with CAD entering an exercise-based CR program...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Stephanie A Prince, Marc Laflamme, Jennifer Harris, Heather E Tulloch, Michele de Margerie
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality globally. Telephone-delivered interventions targeting cardiovascular risk factors are gaining popularity. This study is an evaluation of FrancoForme, a cardiovascular risk factor reduction program for the primary and secondary prevention of CVD among French-speaking patients of Eastern Ontario. METHODS: This study reports on changes in cardiovascular risk factors, weekly exercise levels, and psychosocial characteristics including anxiety, depression, and quality of life upon program completion (3 months) and at 1 year after the start of the program...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Lisa M Campkin, Jamie M Boyd, David J T Campbell
PURPOSE: Participation in exercise programs postmyocardial infarction is highly protective against future events and mortality. Unfortunately, uptake and maintenance of exercise participation has been documented as being low. This is thought to be due to a myriad of barriers. Qualitative research is a powerful tool to explain behaviors. We sought to summarize existing qualitative literature exploring patient perspectives of participation in exercise after a cardiac event. METHODS: We updated and built upon a previous systematic review and meta-synthesis by identifying qualitative literature that was not previously captured...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Henrik Fox, Hans-Christian Purucker, Isabelle Holzhacker, Ulrich Tebtmann, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Andrea Graml, Holger Woehrle, Olaf Oldenburg
PURPOSE: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and identification of risk factors for CAD is crucial. One such potential risk factor is sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). This prospective cohort study investigated the prevalence of SDB and determined risk factors for the presence of SDB in a large CAD cohort undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 1425 patients with confirmed CAD starting rehabilitation were screened for SDB using cardiorespiratory polygraphy (n = 921) or polygraphy plus pulse oximetry (n = 484)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Sanjay Kalra, Peter H Brubaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Aubry N Koehler Hildebrandt, Jennifer L Hodgson, Bernice A Dodor, Sharon M Knight, Damon L Rappleyea
PURPOSE: The purposes of this systematic review were to (1) review the literature related to the demographic and biopsychosocial-spiritual factors impacting cardiac rehabilitation (CR) referral and participation of African American patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD); (2) identify barriers and facilitators to CR referral and participation for this population; (3) identify gaps in the literature; and (4) make recommendations for future research studies and interventions. METHODS: The Cooper 7-step protocol for research synthesis was followed to formulate a research question and search MEDLINE via PubMed, PsycINFO via EBSCO, and CINAHL via EBSCO...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Shawn P E Nishi, Wei Zhang, Yong-Fang Kuo, Gulshan Sharma
PURPOSE: To assess the trends in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) utilization and factors associated with its use in older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We examined data for Medicare beneficiaries with COPD who received PR from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2012. Persons with COPD were identified by (1) ≥2 outpatient visits >30 days apart within 1 year with an encounter diagnosis of COPD or (2) an acute care hospitalization with COPD as the primary diagnosis or a primary diagnosis of acute respiratory failure with a secondary discharge diagnosis of COPD...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Sherrie Khadanga, Patrick D Savage, Philip A Ades
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in contemporary cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and to compare clinical responses in CR between these subsets of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: The study cohort included 818 patients enrolled in CR and separated into 3 groups: (1) individuals with normal hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (NoIR: HbA1c < 5.7%); (2) individuals with IR (IR: HbA1c ≥ 5...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Anders Vinther
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical assessment outcome of cardiac rehabilitation, a simple and reliable submaximal exercise test, not based on heart rate, is warranted. The Talk Test (TT) has been found to correlate well with the ventilatory threshold, and excellent reliability was observed for TT combined with the Graded Cycling Test (GCT-TT) in cardiac patients. The purpose was to investigate responsiveness of GCT-TT in cardiac rehabilitation patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 93) referred to 8 weeks of cardiac rehabilitation were included...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Gordon R Reeves, Shuchita Gupta, Daniel E Forman
Symptom-limited (maximal) exercise testing before cardiac rehabilitation (CR) was once an unambiguous standard of care. In particular, it served as an important screen for residual ischemia and instability before initiating a progressive exercise training regimen. However, improved revascularization and therapy for coronary heart disease has led many clinicians to downplay this application of exercise testing, especially because such testing is also a potential encumbrance to CR enrollment (delaying ease and efficiency of enrollment after procedures and hospitalizations) and patient burden (eg, added costs, logistic hassle, and anxiety)...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Andrew M Busch, Eleanor L Leavens, Theodore L Wagener, Maria L Buckley, Erin M Tooley
PURPOSE: The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has risen dramatically in recent years. However, there are currently no published data on the use of e-cigarettes among cardiac patients. The current study reports on the prevalence, reasons for use, and perceived risks of e-cigarettes among patients with post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The relationship between e-cigarette use and post-ACS tobacco smoking cessation is also explored. METHODS: Participants were drawn from a randomized trial of smoking cessation treatments following hospitalization for ACS...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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