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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418257/cardiovascular-diseases-and-long-term-self-reported-exposure-to-pollution-results-of-a-national-epidemiological-study-in-lebanon
#1
Pascale Salameh, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Souheil Hallit, Rita Farah, Mirna Chahine, Roland Asmar, Hassan Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are linked to high mortality and morbidity, particularly in developing countries. Some studies have linked indoor and outdoor pollution to CVD, but results are inconsistent. Our objective was to assess this association in Lebanon, a Middle Eastern country. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted across Lebanon. CVD prevalence, which included prevalent ischemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases, was assessed...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252785/the-effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-mortality-and-morbidity-in-women-a-meta-analysis-attempt
#2
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Gabriela Suéllen da Silva Chaves, Amanda Bennett, Carl J Lavie, Sherry L Grace
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is associated with significant reductions in mortality and morbidity, but few women are included in trials. Therefore, a meta-analysis of the effects of CR in women is warranted. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials from recent systematic reviews that included women attending comprehensive CR and reporting the outcomes of mortality and morbidity (hospitalization, myocardial infarction, bypass surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention) were considered for inclusion...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252784/greater-sleep-fragmentation-is-associated-with-less-physical-activity-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Narelle S Cox, Véronique Pepin, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Sleep quality in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) is known to be poor, whereas participating in regular physical activity is associated with less decline in lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 sec [FEV1]). The relationship between sleep quality and physical activity in people with CF is unknown. METHODS: Secondary analysis of sleep and activity data collected via actigraphy. Adults with CF in stable health, participating in a study of physical activity (including assessment of exercise capacity), completed 7 d of activity and sleep assessment (SenseWear Armband [SWA]; BodyMedia)...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252783/sex-and-gender-related-factors-associated-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-enrollment-a-secondary-analysis-among-systematically-referred-patients
#4
Sylvie Cossette, Marc-André Maheu-Cadotte, Tanya Mailhot, Guillaume Fontaine, Alexis Cournoyer, Catherine Cournoyer, Marie-Claude Guertin, Martin Juneau
PURPOSE: To assess sex- and gender-related factors associated with cardiac rehabilitation (CR) enrollment following acute coronary syndrome among systematically referred patients. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial used an exploratory approach to examine the TRANSITion process for patients between the coronary care unit and CR (TRANSIT-UC). The present analysis examined the relationship between sex- and gender-related factors and CR enrollment in systematically referred women (n = 35) and men (n = 207)...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252782/physiological-responses-and-prognostic-value-of-common-exercise-testing-modalities-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Baruch Vainshelboim, Jonathan Myers, Jose Oliveira, Shimon Izhakian, Avraham Unterman, Mordechai Reuven Kramer
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to compare physiological responses between cycle cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) and 6-min walk tests (6MWTs) and to assess their prognostic value among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). METHODS: Thirty-four patients with IPF (68 ± 8 yr) underwent CPETs and 6MWTs and were followed up for 40 mo. Differences, levels of agreement, and relative risks for mortality were analyzed between measured and estimated peak responses for the 2 tests...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142131/cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-chilean-patients-surviving-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Pamela Serón, Mónica Gaete, María-Jose Oliveros, Claudia Román, Fernando Lanas, Monica Velásquez, Roberto Reveco, Luis Bustos, Rubén Rojas
PURPOSE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of 3 models of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) compared with standard care in survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) within the public health system in Chile. METHODS: A Markov model was designed using 5 health states: ACS survivor, second ACS, complications, general mortality, and cardiovascular mortality. The transition probabilities between health states for standard care and corresponding relative risk for CR were calculated from a systematic review...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142128/improvements-in-depressive-symptoms-and-affect-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-predictors-and-potential-mechanisms
#7
Emily C Gathright, Andrew M Busch, Maria L Buckley, Loren Stabile, Julianne DeAngelis, Matthew C Whited, Wen-Chih Wu
PURPOSE: Depression is indicative of poor prognosis in cardiac patients. Reductions in depression have been observed following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Whether similar improvements in positive and negative affect occur is unknown. Greater understanding of depressive symptom and affect change is needed to enhance facilitators of emotional improvement after a cardiac event. METHODS: Cardiac rehabilitation attendees (n = 637) completed measures of depressive symptoms, affect, health status, and social support at CR intake and discharge...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371629/canadian-association-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-association-canadienne-de-pr%C3%A3-vention-et-de-r%C3%A3-adaptation-cardiovasculaires-2018-fall-conference-abstracts
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371627/resting-heart-rate-and-blood-pressure-as-indices-of-cardiovascular-and-mortality-risk-is-lower-invariably-better
#9
Barry A Franklin, Ashish Chaddha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371626/from-the-editor
#10
Larry F Hamm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252781/home-based-moderate-intensity-exercise-training-using-a-metronome-improves-the-breathing-pattern-and-oxygen-saturation-during-exercise-in-patients-with-copd
#11
Eva Bernardi, Luca Pomidori, Francesca Cassutti, Annalisa Cogo
PURPOSE: One of the well-known but less-investigated effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the change in breathing pattern toward a more efficient one (higher tidal volume [VT], lower breathing frequency). Evidence suggests this change can be obtained only with supervised, high-intensity exercise training (ExTr). However, some patients either do not have such programs available or are unable to exercise at higher intensity...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252780/participation-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-by-veterans-health-administration-and-medicare-beneficiaries-after-hospitalization-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
Christopher Vercammen-Grandjean, David W Schopfer, Ning Zhang, Mary A Whooley
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is common and costly to the health care system. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can improve symptom burden and morbidity associated with COPD. The use of PR among Medicare beneficiaries is poor, and the use by Veterans Health Administration (VHA) beneficiaries is unknown. We sought to determine whether participation in PR was similarly poor among eligible veterans compared with Medicare beneficiaries...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252779/dietary-micronutrient-intake-of-participants-in-a-partners-together-in-health-cardiac-rehabilitation-intervention
#13
Sara Kvien Jensen, Bernice Yates, Elizabeth Lyden, Kaye Stanek Krogstrand, Corrine Hanson
PURPOSE: Current guidelines for cardiovascular health emphasize a "dietary pattern" approach that could be expected to increase intakes of micronutrients in addition to altering the macronutrient profile. However, the effect of interventions such as cardiac rehabilitation on the micronutrient quality of the diet has not been evaluated. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate changes in micronutrient intake of cardiac rehabilitation participants over time. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial that assessed the effects of the Partners Together in Health intervention on physical activity and healthy eating behaviors...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142130/impact-of-exercise-training-on-cardiac-function-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Vidhu Anand, Sushil Garg, Jalaj Garg, Shah Bano, Marc Pritzker
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with subclinical abnormalities in left ventricular function and an increased downstream risk for heart failure. Exercise training has been associated with significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness among these patients. However, its impact on cardiac function is not well established. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis including all randomized and nonrandomized trials that evaluated effects of exercise training on cardiac function among patients with T2D...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142129/effect-of-case-management-with-goal-setting-on-diet-scores-and-weight-loss-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#15
Karen Aspry, Shira Dunsiger, Christopher Breault, Loren Stabile, Julianne DeAngelis, Wen-Chih Wu
PURPOSE: The impact of cognitive-behavioral strategies and clinical factors on diet change during cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is not well studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of collaborative goal-setting and clinical predictors on diet scores and weight loss in a case management model of CR. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the effects of clinical factors and goal-setting facilitated by case managers on diet scores and weight loss in 629 consecutive patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease enrolled in our CR program between 2014 and 2016...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142127/impact-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-on-daily-physical-activity-in-heart-failure-patients
#16
Sandra AbdelGawad Gad, Sylvia Martin, Shane Kimber, Randy Williams, Sajad Gulamhusein, Evan Lockwood, Robert G Haennel
PURPOSE: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has emerged as a beneficial therapy for heart failure (HF) patients. It has been shown to enhance cardiac pump function and increase exercise capacity in patients with HF who display wide QRS complex on their electrocardiogram. To date, few studies have assessed daily physical activity (PA) in CRT patients. The objective of this pilot study was to assess the impact of CRT on the physical function and daily PA of HF patients who met the standard indications for CRT implantation...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106790/health-locus-of-control-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-other-health-behaviors-in-cardiac-patients
#17
Darren A Mercer, Blaine Ditto, Kim L Lavoie, Tavis Campbell, André Arsenault, Simon L Bacon
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity, smoking, and excessive alcohol use are well-recognized modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), yet uptake of strategies to mitigate these poor health behaviors varies widely among patients with cardiovascular disease. Part of this variation may be explained by health locus of control (HLOC), defined as the extent to which individuals believe their health is a consequence of their own actions, chance, or the influence of others (eg, physicians)...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952812/objectively-measured-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Nicole Freene, Margaret McManus, Tarryn Mair, Ren Tan, Rachel Davey
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior (SB) are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. No studies appear to have investigated whether SB in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participants changes over time. The aim of this study was to objectively assess physical activity (PA) and SB of CR participants over 6 wks. METHODS: Using a prospective cohort study design, 72 CR participants, age = 64.2 ± 9.6 y (mean ± standard deviation [SD]) (79% male), wore an ActiGraph ActiSleep accelerometer for 7 consecutive days at the beginning and end of a 6-wk program to assess daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and SB (<100 counts/min)...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952810/exertional-oxygen-requirements-during-exercise-training-in-advanced-interstitial-lung-disease
#19
Lisa Wickerson, Dina Brooks, W Darlene Reid, Lianne G Singer, John Granton, Sunita Mathur
PURPOSE: Little is known about the oxygen requirements during physical exertion or exercise in individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD). This study examined exertional oxygen requirements, the relationships between exertional oxygen use, exercise capacity and aerobic training parameters, and predictors of change in exertional oxygen requirements during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A retrospective study of lung transplant candidates with advanced ILD who underwent at least 4 wk of outpatient PR between 2004 and 2014 was undertaken...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952809/pulmonary-rehabilitation-only-versus-with-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-with-bronchiectasis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Esperanza Doña, Casilda Olveira, Francisco Javier Palenque, Nuria Porras, Antonio Dorado, Rocío Martín-Valero, Ana M Godoy, Francisco Espildora, Gabriel Olveira
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended for bronchiectasis, but there is little evidence of its efficacy in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of PR in normally nourished patients with noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis compared with the effect of PR plus an oral nutritional supplement (PRONS). METHODS: A single-center randomized controlled trial, parallel treatment design in which participants were randomly assigned to receive PR for 12 wk or PR plus a high-protein nutritional supplement enriched with beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate...
November 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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