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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798509/multicenter-study-of-temporal-trends-in-the-achievement-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-goals-during-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Neil F Gordon, Richard D Salmon, Laurence S Sperling, Brenda S Wright, George C Faircloth, Terri L Gordon, Martin R Berk, Melvyn Rubenfire, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: Secondary prevention risk factor goals have been established by the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology, and the American Heart Association has further delineated ideal cardiovascular health metrics. We evaluated risk factor goal achievement during early-outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and temporal trends in risk factor control. METHODS: Patients completed assessments on entry into and exit from CR at 35 centers between 2000 and 2009 and were categorized into 3 cohorts: entire (N = 12 984), 2000-2004 (n = 5468), and 2005-2009 (n = 7516) cohorts...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798508/using-exploratory-focus-groups-to-inform-the-development-of-a-peer-supported-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-directions-for-further-research
#2
Iraj Poureslami, Pat Camp, Jessica Shum, Rowshanak Afshar, Tricia Tang, John Mark FitzGerald
PURPOSE: There has been limited research on the role of peer support in self-management for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attending pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs. This research explored patient acceptability of "peer supporters" in promoting sustained self-management practices after PR and to assess their perceived self-efficacy to manage their disease. METHODS: This qualitative study used focus groups and individual interviews to identify perspectives of peer supporters and benefits of participation in a PR program...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798507/psychosocial-determinants-of-weight-loss-among-young-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-how-does-drive-for-thinness-affect-weight-loss
#3
Ryan S Falck, John R Best, Clemens Drenowatz, Gregory A Hand, Robin P Shook, Carl J Lavie, Steven N Blair
PURPOSE: The ardent wish to lose weight, drive for thinness (DT), might be 1 psychosocial contributor to weight loss (WL) in adults with overweight and obesity. In examining DT as a predictor of WL, it is important to determine whether its predictive value is equal in males and females and whether it exerts its effects primarily through changes in diet or physical activity (PA). METHODS: Two-hundred three men and women with overweight and obesity (body mass index >25 kg/m; aged 21-35 years; 47% female) participated in this 12-month observational study...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798506/measured-physical-activity-and-30-day-rehospitalization-in-heart-failure-patients
#4
Thomas Waring, Katherine Gross, Richard Soucier, Richard ZuWallack
BACKGROUND: Patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure are at high risk for readmission within 30 days of discharge. Since physical inactivity is associated with increased health care utilization in other diseases, it may predict rehospitalization in heart failure. METHODS: In a single-center, prospective study, physical activity was measured following hospital discharge using an accelerometer on the wrist. We then related this activity to the 30-day all-cause rehospitalization rate in heart failure...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755259/influence-of-depression-on-utilization-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-postmyocardial-infarction-a-study-of-158-991-medicare-beneficiaries
#5
Melissa D Zullo, Emily C Gathright, Mary A Dolansky, Richard A Josephson, Vinay K Cheruvu, Joel W Hughes
PURPOSE: On the basis of several small studies, depression is often considered a barrier to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) enrollment and program completion. The purpose of this research was to examine the association between depression diagnosis and participation in CR in a large sample of Medicare beneficiaries with recent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of Medicare beneficiaries with an MI during 2008 (N = 158 991). CR enrollment was determined by the Carrier and Outpatient files using the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System #93797 or #93798...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755258/exercise-training-workloads-upon-exit-from-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-men-and-women-the-henry-ford-hospital-experience
#6
Steven J Keteyian, Dennis J Kerrigan, Jonathan K Ehrman, Clinton A Brawner
PURPOSE: To describe exercise training workloads, estimated as metabolic equivalents of task (METs) both upon exit from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and as the change in MET level following CR, stratified by age, sex, initial MET level, number of sessions completed, and qualifying event at entry into CR. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 8319 (31% female) patients who completed ≥9 exercise training sessions in the early outpatient CR program at Henry Ford Hospital...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755257/measurement-of-functional-capacity-requirements-of-farmers-implications-for-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-program
#7
Shannon Jordan, Justin Karcher, Rebecca Rogers, Kathleen Kennedy, Anne Lawrence, Jenny Adams
PURPOSE: Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755256/cardiac-rehabilitation-after-heart-valve-surgery-improvement-in-exercise-capacity-and-morbidity
#8
Agathe Gerwina Elena Pollmann, Marianne Frederiksen, Eva Prescott
PURPOSE: Evidence of the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after heart valve surgery is scarce, but nevertheless CR is recommended for this group of patients. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of CR on exercise capacity, cardiovascular risk factors, and long-term mortality and morbidity, as well as predictors for enrolment in or failing to complete CR. METHODS: A review of medical records identified 250 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between January 2009 and August 2013...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676465/association-between-phase-3-cardiac-rehabilitation-and-clinical-events
#9
Clinton A Brawner, Daniel Girdano, Jonathan K Ehrman, Steven J Keteyian
PURPOSE: There is an inverse relationship between phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) visits and all-cause mortality. Phase 3 CR is a maintenance exercise program for which clinical outcomes are uncertain. This retrospective study describes the association between phase 3 CR participation and clinical events among patients with ischemic heart disease after completion of phase 2 CR. METHODS: Patients who completed 12 visits of phase 2 CR as provided by their health insurance were categorized on the basis of their frequency of participation (ie, none, irregular, and regular) in phase 3 CR during the 8 weeks after phase 2 CR...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676464/disparities-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Enid Y Sun, Yuri T Jadotte, William Halperin
PURPOSE: Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients following an acute cardiac event or cardiac surgery according to the The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Studies have shown that there are differences in cardiac rehabilitation participation rates between sociodemographic groups. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to synthesize quantitative data on the relationship between outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) attendance and various sociodemographic factors...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676463/impact-of-home-and-hospital-based-exercise-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-hopelessness-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#11
Susan L Dunn, L Maureen Dunn, Nicole P Rieth, Grace B Olamijulo, Lien L Swieringa, Theresa P Holden, Jacob A Clark, Holli A DeVon, Nathan L Tintle
PURPOSE: Hopelessness is associated with increased adverse events and decreased survival in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The purpose of this research was to examine the effect of regular home- and hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise on hopelessness levels in patients with CHD, hypothesizing that increased exercise in either setting would lead to decreased state hopelessness. METHODS: A descriptive longitudinal design was used at a large teaching hospital in Michigan...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676462/systematic-review-of-postural-assessment-in-individuals-with-obstructive-respiratory-conditions-measurement-and-clinical-associations
#12
Annemarie L Lee, Karl Zabjek, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
PURPOSE: Changes in posture in individuals with an obstructive respiratory disease have been reported, but the extent of these deviations and their clinical significance is not well understood. This study aimed to systematically review the literature of the skeletal structural alignment in children and adults with an obstructive respiratory disease, describe the measurement techniques used, and determine the clinical relevance of any alternations. METHODS: Observational cohort or cross-sectional studies of postural assessment were identified, with 2 reviewers independently assessing study quality...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780184/physiological-responses-to-arm-activity-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-compared-with-healthy-controls-a-systematic-review
#13
Vanessa Pereira Lima, Vinicius C Iamonti, Marcelo Velloso, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
PURPOSE: The mechanisms underlying physiological limitations during arm activity in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are unknown. The objective of this systematic review was to describe cardiorespiratory responses, symptoms, chest wall kinematics, muscle activity, and lung volumes during arm activity in individuals with COPD relative to the responses of healthy controls. METHODS: Original research articles that compared cardiorespiratory responses, symptoms, muscle activity, chest wall kinematics, and lung function during arm activity between individuals with COPD and healthy controls were identified after searches of 5 electronic databases and reference lists of pertinent articles...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779552/selected-abstracts-from-recent-publications-in-cardiopulmonary-disease-prevention-and-rehabilitation
#14
Peter H Brubaker, Sanjay Kalra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779551/does-exercise-ventilatory-inefficiency-predict-poor-outcome-in-heart-failure-patients-with-copd
#15
Maria Clara Alencar, Flavio F Arbex, Aline Souza, Adriana Mazzuco, Priscila A Sperandio, Alcides Rocha, Daniel M Hirai, Frederico Mancuso, Danilo C Berton, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Dirceu Almeida, Denis E OʼDonnel, J Alberto Neder
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the opposite effects of heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on exercise ventilatory inefficiency (minute ventilation [(Equation is included in full-text article.)E]-carbon dioxide output [(Equation is included in full-text article.)CO2] relationship) would negatively impact its prognostic relevance. METHODS: After treatment optimization and an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test, 30 male patients with HF-COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] = 57% ± 17% predicted, ejection fraction = 35% ± 6%) were prospectively followed up during 412 ± 261 days for major cardiac events...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779550/short-and-long-term-effects-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-mild-copd-a-comparison-with-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-copd
#16
Cristina Jácome, Alda Marques
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is effective in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effects of PR in patients with mild COPD have not yet been established. Thus, this study investigated the short- and long-term effects of PR in patients with mild COPD in comparison with patients with moderate to severe disease. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with mild (group 1) and 29 with moderate to severe (group 2) COPD completed the study...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779549/measures-of-patient-activation-and-social-support-in-a-peer-led-support-network-for-women-with-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Dawn Witt, Gretchen Benson, Susan Campbell, Arthur Sillah, Kathy Berra
PURPOSE: Social support has been associated with beneficial effects on many disease states and overall health and well-being. However, there is limited research exploring the impact of peer-led support models among women living with coronary heart disease. This study describes the structure of peer-led support groups offered by WomenHeart (WH): The National Coalition for Women Living with Heart Disease, and assesses WH participants' quality of life and social, emotional, and physical health...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182763/combined-exercise-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Bruno Prata Martinez, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Paulo Eugênio Silva, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho
PURPOSE: Studies have reported the benefits of exercise and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in patients with heart failure (HF); however, there is no meta-analysis on the effects of the combination of exercise and IMT in patients with HF. The objective of this study was to determine whether combined exercise/IMT was more effective than conventional exercise on exercise capacity, respiratory muscle strength, and quality of life in patients with HF. METHODS: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560614/selected-abstracts-from-recent-publications-in-cardiopulmonary-disease-prevention-and-rehabilitation
#19
Sanjay Kalra, Peter H Brubaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560613/canadian-association-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-association-canadienne-de-pr%C3%A3-vention-et-de-r%C3%A3-adaptation-cardiovasculaires-annual-meeting-and-scientific-abstracts-october-22-23-2016-palais-des-congr%C3%A3-s-de-montr%C3%A3-al-montr%C3%A3-al-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#20
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