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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135717/traditional-versus-hybrid-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-comparison-of-patient-outcomes
#1
Jacqueline Gabelhouse, Neil Eves, Sherry L Grace, R Colin Reid, Cristina M Caperchione
PURPOSE: Due to the suboptimal uptake of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), alternative models have been proposed. This study compared the effectiveness of a traditional supervised program in a medical setting versus a hybrid CR model, where patients transition to unsupervised programming. METHODS: This was a prospective, 2-arm, nonrandomized study. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional capacity, physical activity, diet, smoking, blood pressure, lipids, blood glucose, anthropometrics, and depressive symptoms were assessed before and after the 8-week program models...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120970/effect-of-smoking-status-on-exercise-perception-and-intentions-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-enrollment-among-patients-hospitalized-with-an-acute-cardiac-condition
#2
Hayden Riley, Samuel Headley, Christa Winter, Sara Mazur, Diann E Gaalema, Sarah Goff, Peter K Lindenauer, Quinn R Pack
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) attendance has been associated with higher smoking cessation (SC) rates. However, for unclear reasons, smokers are consistently less likely to enroll in CR than nonsmokers, and it is uncertain what might encourage them to attend. METHODS: We surveyed patients eligible for CR who were cigarette smokers at the time of hospital admission. We assessed patient intention to quit smoking, start exercising, and enroll in CR. We also measured anxiety and depression levels...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120969/clinical-and-physiological-effects-of-rollators-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
Annemarie L Lee, Marla K Beauchamp, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of using a rollator in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Studies were systematically identified from literature searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases and the reference lists of included studies. Two reviewers independently selected randomized controlled or crossover studies examining the effects of rollator usage compared with no aid in individuals with COPD...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120968/effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-inspiratory-capacity-during-6-min-walk-test-in-patients-with-copd-a-prospective-controlled-study
#4
Marc Spielmanns, Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Jenny Eckhoff, Rembert Andreas Koczulla, Fridericke Sophie Magnet, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch, Klaus Baum
PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on the measured inspiratory capacity (IC) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) while performing a 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Before and after PR, IC was measured by spirometry both at the beginning and at the end of the 6MWT for 15 patients with COPD in the PR group (PRG) and compared with a similar calisthenics training group (CTG; n = 15)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120967/life-values-as-an-intrinsic-guide-for-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-program-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis
#5
Jordan M Ellis, Matthew C Whited, John Taylor Freeman, Ansley T Corson, John Paul Jameson, Stacey Greenway, David M Sager, Emily P Midgette, Eliza V Varju
PURPOSE: Participation in cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation (CVPR) programs can lead to improved functional abilities and improved quality of life, but attendance and adherence to these programs remain suboptimal. Behavioral therapies have emphasized the importance of life value identification as a guide for goal setting and behavior change for both psychological and physical health conditions. Individuals who choose to engage in behaviors that align with their life values are thought to be intrinsically reinforced...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120966/validity-and-reliability-of-accelerometers-in-patients-with-copd-a-systematic-review
#6
Shweta Gore, Jennifer Blackwood, Mary Guyette, Bara Alsalaheen
PURPOSE: Reduced physical activity is associated with poor prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Accelerometers have greatly improved quantification of physical activity by providing information on step counts, body positions, energy expenditure, and magnitude of force. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the validity and reliability of accelerometers used in patients with COPD. METHODS: An electronic database search of MEDLINE and CINAHL was performed...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120965/exploring-the-views-of-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-on-the-use-of-rollators-a-qualitative-study
#7
Alanna Holz, Amanda Bennett, Amber Freethy, Nadia Rossi, Megan Tanzos, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Samantha L Harrison
PURPOSE: Although it has been well documented that the progressive exercise limitation associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be helped with an assistive device, such as a rollator, many individuals use it infrequently. This study seeks to explore the views of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease regarding the use of rollators. METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twelve individuals with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were recruited from an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program to participate in semistructured interviews...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116950/depression-and-anxiety-screening-and-triage-protocol-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs
#8
Heather Tulloch, Adam Heenan, Laura Cupper, Robert Pelletier, Pat OʼFarrell, Andrew Pipe
PURPOSE: Best practice guidelines for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) suggest routine screening for anxiety and depression, yet many patients are not screened nor do they receive mental health treatment. Protocols are required to identify those in need of care and to ensure that appropriate assistance is provided. METHODS: Consecutive patients entering CR in our setting from May 4, 2012, to May 3, 2013, completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). As per our Screening and Triage protocol for Anxiety and Depression (STAD), patients with high scores (≥16) were referred to a clinical psychologist; those with low scores (<8 for depression and <11 for anxiety) received information about community resources...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116949/couples-experiences-with-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#9
Sheri A Rowland, Karen L Schumacher, Dee Dee Leinen, Brenda G Phillips, Paula S Schulz, Bernice C Yates
PURPOSE: Many cardiac patients discontinue heart-healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviors in the months following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Involving the spouse in CR with the patient may be 1 strategy to increase the maintenance of these behaviors after CR. Assisting patients and spouses with the maintenance of healthy eating and PA behavior following CR begins with a better understanding of the couple-focused factors, impacting their experiences with these behaviors. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine couple-focused facilitators and barriers to maintaining changes in healthy eating and PA behavior from the perspectives of both cardiac patients and their spouses following phase 2 CR...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084022/glittre-adl-multiple-tasks-induce-similar-dynamic-hyperinflation-with-different-metabolic-and-ventilatory-demands-in-patients-with-copd
#10
Aline Almeida Gulart, Anelise Bauer Munari, Caroline Tressoldi, Karoliny Dos Santos, Manuela Karloh, Anamaria Fleig Mayer
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study compared the physiological responses and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) of the Glittre-ADL test (TGlittre) and its specific tasks in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Thirty patients with COPD performed the TGlittre. The individual tasks included stand up and sit down (TSS); climb up and down stairs (TSTAIRS); walk on a flat surface (TWALK); and move objects onto and off a shelf (TSHELF). While performing these tasks, the physiological responses were evaluated and inspiratory capacity measured before and immediately after the tests...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077670/canadian-association-of-cardiovascular-prevention-and-rehabilitation-association-canadienne-de-pr%C3%A3-vention-et-de-r%C3%A3-adaptation-cardiovasculaires-annual-meeting-and-scientific-abstracts
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077669/quality-and-variability-of-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-delivery-applying-the-canadian-quality-indicators
#12
Deborah S Somanader, Caroline Chessex, Liane Ginsburg, Sherry L Grace
PURPOSE: Cardiac care, including cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR), is most effective if it is high-quality. The aim of this study was to describe CR quality, using the recently developed Canadian Cardiovascular Society CR quality indicators (QIs). Difference in quality between CR sites was also assessed. METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted on an observational, prospective, multisite CR program evaluation cohort. A convenience sample of patients from 1 of 3 CR programs was approached at their first CR visit, and consenting participants completed a survey...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077668/from-the-editor
#13
Larry F Hamm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787352/cardiac-auscultation-for-noncardiologists-application-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-part-ii-adult-patients-after-heart-surgery
#14
Leonida Compostella, Nicola Russo, Caterina Compostella, Tiziana Setzu, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
This clinical skills review describes the most common cardiac auscultatory findings in adults after heart surgery and correlates them with prognostic indicators. It was written for noncardiologist health care providers who work in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs.Mechanical prosthetic valves produce typical closing and opening clicks. Listening to their timing and features, as well as to presence and quality of murmurs, contributes to the awareness of potential prosthesis malfunction before other dramatic clinical signs or symptoms become evident...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727672/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Alok Saurav, Aiman Smer, Muhammad S Azzouz, Abhilash Akinapelli, Mark A Williams, Venkata M Alla
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR) has been demonstrated to improve functional capacity in heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the effect of EBCR in patients with advanced HF and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of EBCR on functional capacity in patients with LVAD. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized studies assessing the impact of EBCR in patients following LVAD implantation compared with standard therapy (ST)...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727668/comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-secondary-prevention-after-transient-ischemic-attack-or-mild-stroke-psychological-profile-and-outcomes
#16
Peter L Prior, Vladimir Hachinski, Richard Chan, Karen Unsworth, Sharon Mytka, Michael Harnadek, Christina OʼCallaghan, Neville Suskin
PURPOSE: Having previously reported that comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) is effective for secondary prevention post-transient ischemic attack (TIA)/mild nondisabling stroke (MNDS), we present psychometric findings for the same sample that elucidate subacute TIA/MNDS psychological outcomes and test whether CCR would be independently associated with psychological improvements. METHODS: In this prospective cohort trial patients with ≥1 risk factor, recruited from a stroke prevention clinic within 12 months (mean = 11...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520625/the-relationship-between-weather-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-among-individuals-with-copd
#17
Shea M Balish, Gail Dechman, Paul Hernandez, John C Spence, Ryan E Rhodes, Kerry McGannon, Chris Blanchard
PURPOSE: Although daily variation in weather impacts physical activity (PA) levels among relatively healthy individuals, it is largely unknown whether this relationship occurs for those living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to examine how daily variation in temperature, rain, and snow is related to objectively measured PA among patients with COPD, and whether demographic or clinical characteristics moderate these relationships. METHODS: Patients with COPD completed a questionnaire and wore a pedometer for 7 days at baseline, end of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), and 3 and 9 months after completing PR (28 days in total)...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350641/exercise-training-in-a-patient-with-a-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-large-aortic-valve-thrombus
#18
Mijiti Wuliya, Sandrine Peyrot, Costin Radu, Jean-François Deux, Habib Ben Elhaj, Nicolas Lellouche, Thibaud Damy, Soulef Guendouz, Barnabas Gellen
DETAILS OF THE CLINICAL CASE: An aortic valve thrombus (AVT) is a rare complication after HeartMate II implantation. In a 44-year-old man, a large AVT was discovered 6 weeks after implantation of a HeartMate II for severe dilated cardiomyopathy. The aortic valve was permanently closed. DISCUSSION: After a followup of 3 months without embolic events, the patient started a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program involving aerobic exercise, resistance exercises, group gymnastics, and relaxation exercise, and completed the program without any complications, resulting in a significant functional benefit...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033165/developing-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-for-home-care-clinicians-patient-perspectives-clinician-knowledge-and-curriculum-overview
#19
Jodi L Feinberg, David Russell, Ana Mola, Kathryn H Bowles, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: There is limited evidence that home care clinicians receive education on the core competencies of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This article describes the development and implementation of a CR training program adapted for home care clinicians, which incorporated the viewpoints of homebound patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Literature and guideline reviews were performed to glean curriculum content, supplemented with themes identified among patients and clinicians...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033164/cardiac-rehabilitation-leads-to-improvements-in-activity-limitations
#20
Michael L Puthoff, Brenda Youngs
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to identify the number of participants who enter cardiac rehabilitation with an activity limitation and assess whether a cardiac rehabilitation program leads to improvements in activity, demonstrated through changes in gait speed and the 5-times-sit-to-stand test (FTSST). METHODS: This study utilized a 1-group pretest-posttest design. Gait speed and FTSST were measured at the start and end of cardiac rehabilitation. Paired sample t tests were performed to assess changes pre- and postrehabilitation...
November 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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