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Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142131/cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-chilean-patients-surviving-acute-coronary-syndrome
#1
Pamela Serón, Mónica Gaete, María-Jose Oliveros, Claudia Román, Fernando Lanas, Monica Velásquez, Roberto Reveco, Luis Bustos, Rubén Rojas
PURPOSE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of 3 models of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) compared with standard care in survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) within the public health system in Chile. METHODS: A Markov model was designed using 5 health states: ACS survivor, second ACS, complications, general mortality, and cardiovascular mortality. The transition probabilities between health states for standard care and corresponding relative risk for CR were calculated from a systematic review...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142130/impact-of-exercise-training-on-cardiac-function-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Vidhu Anand, Sushil Garg, Jalaj Garg, Shah Bano, Marc Pritzker
PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with subclinical abnormalities in left ventricular function and an increased downstream risk for heart failure. Exercise training has been associated with significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness among these patients. However, its impact on cardiac function is not well established. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis including all randomized and nonrandomized trials that evaluated effects of exercise training on cardiac function among patients with T2D...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142129/effect-of-case-management-with-goal-setting-on-diet-scores-and-weight-loss-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#3
Karen Aspry, Shira Dunsiger, Christopher Breault, Loren Stabile, Julianne DeAngelis, Wen-Chih Wu
PURPOSE: The impact of cognitive-behavioral strategies and clinical factors on diet change during cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is not well studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of collaborative goal-setting and clinical predictors on diet scores and weight loss in a case management model of CR. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the effects of clinical factors and goal-setting facilitated by case managers on diet scores and weight loss in 629 consecutive patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease enrolled in our CR program between 2014 and 2016...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142128/improvements-in-depressive-symptoms-and-affect-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-predictors-and-potential-mechanisms
#4
Emily C Gathright, Andrew M Busch, Maria L Buckley, Loren Stabile, Julianne DeAngelis, Matthew C Whited, Wen-Chih Wu
PURPOSE: Depression is indicative of poor prognosis in cardiac patients. Reductions in depression have been observed following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). Whether similar improvements in positive and negative affect occur is unknown. Greater understanding of depressive symptom and affect change is needed to enhance facilitators of emotional improvement after a cardiac event. METHODS: Cardiac rehabilitation attendees (n = 637) completed measures of depressive symptoms, affect, health status, and social support at CR intake and discharge...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142127/impact-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-on-daily-physical-activity-in-heart-failure-patients
#5
Sandra AbdelGawad Gad, Sylvia Martin, Shane Kimber, Randy Williams, Sajad Gulamhusein, Evan Lockwood, Robert G Haennel
PURPOSE: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has emerged as a beneficial therapy for heart failure (HF) patients. It has been shown to enhance cardiac pump function and increase exercise capacity in patients with HF who display wide QRS complex on their electrocardiogram. To date, few studies have assessed daily physical activity (PA) in CRT patients. The objective of this pilot study was to assess the impact of CRT on the physical function and daily PA of HF patients who met the standard indications for CRT implantation...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106791/advance-care-planning-education-sessions-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-ireland
#6
Bettina Korn, Maria Bailey-Scanlan, Leo Honse Ribeiro, Julie Broderick
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the practice of advance care planning (ACP) education within pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) in Ireland. METHODS: All 27 PRPs in the Republic of Ireland were surveyed between May and September 2015, eliciting detailed quantitative and qualitative information about ACP education delivery. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software and content analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two PRPs (82%) took part in the survey, with 86% (n = 19) of these being delivered in a hospital setting...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106790/health-locus-of-control-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-other-health-behaviors-in-cardiac-patients
#7
Darren A Mercer, Blaine Ditto, Kim L Lavoie, Tavis Campbell, André Arsenault, Simon L Bacon
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity, smoking, and excessive alcohol use are well-recognized modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), yet uptake of strategies to mitigate these poor health behaviors varies widely among patients with cardiovascular disease. Part of this variation may be explained by health locus of control (HLOC), defined as the extent to which individuals believe their health is a consequence of their own actions, chance, or the influence of others (eg, physicians)...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952813/zumba-fitness-and-women-s-cardiovascular-health-a-systematic-review
#8
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Di Blasio, Tee Joo Yeo, Antonio Crisafulli, Giuseppe Mercuro
PURPOSE: Zumba fitness (ZF) is a well-known exercise program involving dance and fitness. Despite its increasing popularity, no analysis has been conducted on studies focusing on the cardiovascular (CV) profile of women who performed this activity. The aim of this systematic review is to provide insights into the impact of ZF on women's CV health. METHODS: Five clinical databases were searched. To be included, the articles had to include (1) women with or without CV risk factors (CVRF) and (2) CV-related outcomes resulting from a ZF program...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952812/objectively-measured-changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Nicole Freene, Margaret McManus, Tarryn Mair, Ren Tan, Rachel Davey
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior (SB) are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. No studies appear to have investigated whether SB in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participants changes over time. The aim of this study was to objectively assess physical activity (PA) and SB of CR participants over 6 wks. METHODS: Using a prospective cohort study design, 72 CR participants, age = 64.2 ± 9.6 y (mean ± standard deviation [SD]) (79% male), wore an ActiGraph ActiSleep accelerometer for 7 consecutive days at the beginning and end of a 6-wk program to assess daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and SB (<100 counts/min)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952811/characteristics-therapeutic-needs-and-scope-of-patients-with-a-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-device-entering-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Anke Hildebrandt, Detlev Willemsen, Nils Reiss, Petra Bartsch, Thomas Schmidt, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) being implanted, the need for adequate cardiac rehabilitation (CR) regimens meeting the special needs of these patients arises. Only a few studies have reported experience gained on this topic. Structured CR strategies are poorly implemented. The aim was to evaluate the characteristics, therapeutic needs, and scope of LVAD patients at admission to CR within a greater cohort in order to identify their special CR needs...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952810/exertional-oxygen-requirements-during-exercise-training-in-advanced-interstitial-lung-disease
#11
Lisa Wickerson, Dina Brooks, W Darlene Reid, Lianne G Singer, John Granton, Sunita Mathur
PURPOSE: Little is known about the oxygen requirements during physical exertion or exercise in individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD). This study examined exertional oxygen requirements, the relationships between exertional oxygen use, exercise capacity and aerobic training parameters, and predictors of change in exertional oxygen requirements during pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A retrospective study of lung transplant candidates with advanced ILD who underwent at least 4 wk of outpatient PR between 2004 and 2014 was undertaken...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952809/pulmonary-rehabilitation-only-versus-with-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-with-bronchiectasis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Esperanza Doña, Casilda Olveira, Francisco Javier Palenque, Nuria Porras, Antonio Dorado, Rocío Martín-Valero, Ana M Godoy, Francisco Espildora, Gabriel Olveira
PURPOSE: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended for bronchiectasis, but there is little evidence of its efficacy in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of PR in normally nourished patients with noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis compared with the effect of PR plus an oral nutritional supplement (PRONS). METHODS: A single-center randomized controlled trial, parallel treatment design in which participants were randomly assigned to receive PR for 12 wk or PR plus a high-protein nutritional supplement enriched with beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952808/physiological-responses-and-dynamic-hyperinflation-induced-by-unsupported-arm-activities-involved-in-multiple-task-activities-of-daily-living-test-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Aline Almeida Gulart, Anelise Bauer Munari, Karoliny Dos Santos, Caroline Tressoldi, Manuela Karloh, Anamaria Fleig Mayer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the isolated role of unsupported arm activities and the physiological responses and dynamic hyperinflation (DH) induced by activities of daily living in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Physiological responses and DH were compared using the Glittre activities of daily living test (TGlittre) and a modified protocol that emphasized unsupported arm activities and excluded squats and bending down to move objects on shelves (TGlittre-M)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952807/characterizing-and-comparing-acute-responses-of-blood-pressure-heart-rate-and-forearm-blood-flow-to-2-handgrip-protocols
#14
Danielle C Bentley, Scott G Thomas
PURPOSE: Growing evidence supports handgrip exercise training for reducing resting blood pressure (BP), with inconsistent exercise protocols reported throughout the literature. To verify safety of such protocols, real-time cardiovascular responses must be assessed. Consequently, this research sought to evaluate the acute impact of dissimilar handgrip protocols on the cardiovascular responses of BP, heart rate (HR), and forearm blood flow. METHODS: Using a randomized intraindividual crossover design, 20 post-menopausal women completed 2 distinct handgrip protocols compared with a nonexercise control: 4 × 2-min sustained grips at 30% moderate intensity with 1-min rest between sets (ZONA), and 32 × 5-sec intermittent grips at maximal intensity with 5-sec rest between sets (MINT)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157068/aacvpr-33rd-annual-meeting-scientific-abstract-presentations
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157067/effects-of-a-long-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-on-functional-capacity-and-inflammatory-profile-of-older-patients-with-copd
#16
Fabíola C O S Vieira, Daniele S Pereira, Thacianna B Costa, Rilda C A Souza, Célia M M B Castro, Arméle Dornelas de Andrade, Patrícia Érika de Melo Marinho
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a long-term pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) on functional capacity, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), quality of life, and plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors 1 and 2 (sTNFR1 and sTNFR2, respectively), and cytokine interleukin 1beta (IL-1β) in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, PRP effectiveness was investigated in elderly patients with stage I-IV COPD undergoing a 6-mo training program...
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157065/exercise-rehabilitation-for-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review-erratum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138214/diurnal-physical-activity-patterns-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Zohra Parwanta, Emilie Chan-Thim, Grégory Moullec, Véronique Pepin
PURPOSE: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have reduced physical activity (PA) levels compared with healthy controls. The pattern of their PA level during the day is much less documented. A better understanding of these diurnal PA patterns could help optimize interventions targeting PA levels in this population. The aim of this study was to examine, in patients with COPD, diurnal PA patterns using accelerometer data and different approaches to data handling (arbitrary, mealtime, equal tertiles)...
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074521/optimal-gender-specific-strategies-for-the-secondary-prevention-of-heart-disease-in-women-a-systematic-review
#19
Angela Rao, Phillip J Newton, Michelle DiGiacomo, Louise D Hickman, Christine Hwang, Patricia M Davidson
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on gender-specific, individually tailored secondary prevention (cardiac rehabilitation [CR]) services for women with heart disease. Women participate less in CR programs, thus increasing their risk of further cardiac events. This review aims to (1) determine the effectiveness of gender-specific interventions specifically designed for women with heart disease, delivered in outpatient CR settings; and (2) classify key elements of effective CR strategies/models for women with heart disease...
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952806/prognostic-value-of-the-6-min-walk-test-after-open-heart-valve-surgery-experience-of-a-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-program
#20
Giuseppe Vitale, Silvia Sarullo, Laura Vassallo, Antonino Di Franco, Giorgio Mandalà, Stefania Marazia, Giuseppe M Raffa, Francesco Giallauria, Filippo M Sarullo
PURPOSE: This single-center retrospective analysis aimed to evaluate the prognostic relevance of 6-min walk test (6MWT) in patients admitted to an in-hospital cardiovascular rehabilitation program after open-heart valve surgery. METHODS: One hundred one patients able to perform a 6MWT within the first week of admission (time after surgery: 16 ± 8 d) were included (age 68 ± 11 y; 55% female; median left ventricular ejection fraction 55% [interquartile range: 50-60]; 51% after aortic valve surgery)...
September 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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