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Journal of Tehran Heart Center

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928265/link-between-the-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-coronary-artery-disease-severity
#1
Hilman Zulkifli Amin, Lukman Zulkifli Amin, Firman Zulkifli Amin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928264/isolated-chronic-inflammation-in-the-posterior-mitral-annulus
#2
Ali Hosseinsabet, Sohyl Mansorian, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928263/a-36-year-old-woman-with-coronary-artery-dissection-two-weeks-after-abortion
#3
Arsalan Salari, Mahboobe Gholipur, Maedeh Rezaeidanesh, Anoosh Barzigar, Shahram Rahmani, Mohadeseh Pursadeghi, Hannan Ebrahimi
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death. We report coronary artery dissection in a 36-year-old woman with retrosternal chest pain 2 weeks after abortion. Electrocardiography showed ST elevation in leads V2-V4 and ST depression in the inferior leads. Lab data were normal. Cardiac catheterization showed a suspicious thrombotic lesion at the proximal portion of the left anterior descending artery with a smooth contour consistent with distal haziness and dissection site...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928262/non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-presenting-as-constrictive-pericarditis-a-rare-case-report
#4
Maryam Nabati, Keyvan Yosofnezhad, Morteza Taghavi, Ali Abbasi, Ali Ghaemian
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is an uncommon post inflammatory disorder. It is described as pericardial thickening, myocardial constriction, and impaired diastolic filling. The most common etiologies are idiopathy, mediastinal radiotherapy, and prior cardiac surgery. Less common etiologies include viral infections, collagen vascular disorders, renal failure, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and blunt chest trauma. CP can less commonly be caused by malignancy. We report a very rare case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) presenting twice with attacks of decompensated heart failure...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928261/iatrogenic-diversion-of-inferior-vena-cava-into-left-atrium-after-surgery-for-a-rare-combination-of-congenital-heart-diseases
#5
Feridoun Sabzi
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital anomaly that has low surgical mortality and morbidity. We report a very rare case of a low-lying ASD, combined with the drainage of the inferior vena cava and the left superior vena cava into the left atrium. This combination was associated with an unroofed coronary sinus. We also describe an iatrogenic surgical diversion of the inferior vena cava into the left atrium with its complication. The patient presented with moderate cyanosis and was referred for elective ASD repair...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928260/emergency-redo-mitral-valve-replacement-immediately-after-caesarean-section
#6
İbrahim Duvan, Ümit Pınar Sungur, Burak Emre Onuk, Mehmet Şanser Ateş, İbrahim Sami Karacan, Murat Kurtoğlu
Surgery for heart diseases during pregnancy, especially necessitating cardiopulmonary bypass, is believed to trigger maternal and fetal risks and should be performed only when medical therapy has been unsuccessful to alleviate the cardiac decompensation. A 33-year-old pregnant woman in her 33rd week of gestation was admitted to our hospital. She had rheumatic mitral valvular stenosis and had undergone mitral valve replacement (MVR) with a mechanical prosthesis 11 years earlier in another center. Echocardiography revealed a thrombotic mass obstructing the leaflets of the mechanical mitral valve...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928259/therapeutic-effects-of-successful-angioplasty%C3%A2-on-the%C3%A2-aorta-and-lower-limb-arteries-on-the-healing-of-chronic-ischemic-wounds
#7
Mohammad Reza Zafarghandi, Morteza Taghavi, Pezhman Farshidmehr, Azadeh Sayarifard
Background: Chronic wounds are a serious problem for the patient and can increase the socioeconomic burden on the healthcare system and community. This study aimed at investigating the effect of angioplasty on chronic ischemic wound healing. Methods: This study was conducted in Sina Hospital, affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Thirty-eight patients with chronic ischemic wounds and a suspicion of the narrowing or blockage of arteries underwent peripheral angiography. Arteries under angioplasty in different patients comprised the aorta and the iliac, superficial femoral, popliteal, and tibial arteries...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928258/evaluation-of-pulse-oximetry-in-the-early-detection-of-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-in-newborns
#8
Amir Hosein Movahedian, Ziba Mosayebi, Setareh Sagheb
Background: Delayed or missed diagnosis of critical and cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) in asymptomatic newborns may result in significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of pulse oximetry screening performed on the first day of life for the early detection of critical and cyanotic CHD in apparently normal newborns. Methods: This cross-sectional study used postductal pulse oximetry to evaluate term neonates born between 2008 and 2011 with normal physical examinations...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928257/evaluating-the-correlation-between-serum-nt-probnp-level-and-diastolic-dysfunction-severity-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients
#9
Behzad Alizadeh, Zahra Badiee, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Mahsa Mohajery
Background: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive biomarker for the detection of asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Since β-thalassemia major patients suffer from early diastolic dysfunction due to iron deposition of chronic blood transfusion, we tried to evaluate the correlation between the serum NT-proBNP level and the severity of LV diastolic dysfunction determined by echocardiography in these patients. Methods: Fifty β-thalassemia major patients with normal LV systolic function were studied by tissue Doppler echocardiography, and blood samples were taken at the same time to measure the serum NT-proBNP level...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928256/one-year-outcome-of-everolimus-eluting-stents-versus-biolimus-eluting-stents-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Mohammad Alidoosti, Vahideh Sharifnia, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian, Alimohammad Hajizeinali, Hamidreza Poorhosseini, Mojtaba Salarifar, Younes Nozari, Elham Hakki Kazazi
Background: The biolimus-eluting stent (BES), with a biodegradable polymer, has not been previously compared with the everolimus-eluting stent (EES), as a second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES).We sought to compare the 1-year outcome between the PROMUS(™) stent (EES type) and the BioMatrix(™) stent (BES type). Methods: From March 2008 to September 2011, all patients treated with the PROMUS™ stent or the BioMatrix™ stent for coronary artery stenosis at Tehran Heart Center were enrolled. The primary end points were 1-year adverse events, comprising death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and target lesion revascularization...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928255/analyzing-gensini-score-as-a-semi-continuous-outcome
#11
Homa Kashani, Hojjat Zeraati, Kazem Mohammad, Hamidreza Goodarzynejad, Mahmood Mahmoudi, Saeed Sadeghian, Mohammadali Boroumand
Background: Investigators frequently encounter continuous outcomes with plenty of values clumped at zero called semi-continuous outcomes. The Gensini score, one of the most widely used scoring systems for expressing coronary angiographic results, is of this type. The aim of this study was to apply two statistical approaches based on the categorization and original scale of the Gensini score to simultaneously assess the association between covariates and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD)...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928254/diagnosing-myocardial-contusion-after-blunt-chest-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Zahra Alborzi, Vahid Zangouri, Shahram Paydar, Zahra Ghahramani, Masih Shafa, Bizhan Ziaeian, Mohammad Reza Radpey, Armin Amirian, Shahin Khodaei
A myocardial contusion refers to a bruise of the cardiac muscle, the severity of which can vary depending on the severity of the injury and when the injury occurs. It is a major cause of rapid death which happens after blunt chest trauma and should be suspected at triage in the emergency department. We demonstrated that suspected myocardial contusion patients who have normal electrocardiograms (ECGs) and biomarker tests can be safely discharged. However, if the test results are abnormal, the next steps should be echocardiography and more advanced measures...
April 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403191/infective-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-anterior-mitral-leaflet-accompanied-by-aortic-wall-vegetation
#13
Ali Hosseinsabet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403190/left-main-coronary-artery-aneurysm
#14
Hossein Doustkami, Nasrollah Maleki, Zahra Tavosi
Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are exceedingly rare clinical entities, encountered incidentally in approximately 0.1% of patients who undergo routine angiography. The most common cause of coronary artery aneurysms is atherosclerosis. Angiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment. Depending on the severity of the coexisting coronary stenosis, patients with left main coronary artery aneurysms can be effectively managed either surgically or pharmacologically. We herein report a case of left main coronary artery aneurysm in a 72-year-old man with a prior history of hypertension presenting to our hospital because of unstable angina...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403189/acute-fulminant-myocarditis-successfully-bridged-to-recovery-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-complicated-by-flail-mitral-valve
#15
Pınar Türker Duyuler, Serkan Duyuler, Ekrem Şahan, Şeref Alp Küçüker
Acute fulminant myocarditis is a life-threatening inflammatory disease of the myocardium characterized by the rapid deterioration of the hemodynamic status of the affected individual. With prompt recognition and appropriate management, complete recovery of ventricular function is likely within a few weeks. We introduce a 28-year-old man with acute fulminant myocarditis, who experienced circulatory collapse following acute angina and dyspnea. The patient had high troponin levels with low ejection fraction and normal coronary arteries...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403188/spontaneous-aortic-dissection-limited-to-the-sinus-of-valsalva-report-of-two-cases
#16
Maryam Nabati, Babak Bagheri, Samira Eslami, Razhan Piran
Dissection of the sinus of Valsalva is a rare and life-threatening event. It often occurs during percutaneous coronary intervention in the right coronary artery (RCA). Dissection flap usually involves the RCA and the right sinus of Valsalva. Here we report two extremely rare cases of spontaneous dissection limited to the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva, causing severe aortic valve regurgitation: a male aged 51 years presenting with back pain, weakness, and presyncope and another male aged 71 years presenting with orthopnea and weakness...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403187/surgical-treatment-of-a-catheter-induced-iatrogenic-dissection-of-the-right-coronary-artery-following-cardiac-catheterization
#17
Panagiotis Artemiou, Stefan Lukacin, Peter Kirsch, Jan Ignac, Boris Bily, Alzbeta Tohatyova, Miroslava Bilecova-Rabajdova, Frantisek Sabol
Iatrogenic dissections of the ascending aorta are an uncommon and severe complication during cardiac catheterization. A 68-year-old female patient underwent diagnostic cardiac catheterization due to non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. During the procedure, a catheter-induced 360(°) Class I dissection of the right coronary artery occurred. The patient developed severe bradycardia, which was treated with a temporary pacemaker. She underwent an emergency operation with ligation and a saphenous vein graft in the right coronary artery...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403186/burden-of-ischemic-heart-disease-attributable-to-low-omega-3-fatty-acids-intake-in-iran-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2010
#18
Sara Nejatinamini, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Anoosheh Ghasemian, Roya Kelishadi, Alireza Khajavi, Amir Kasaeian, Shirin Djalalinia, Fahad Saqib, Somayye Majidi, Roxana Abdolmaleki, Mehrnaz Hosseini, Hamid Asayesh, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: Dietary risk factors constitute some of the leading risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Iran. The current study reports the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD) attributable to a low omega-3 fatty acids intake in Iran using the data of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2010. METHODS: We used data on Iran for the years 1990, 2005, and 2010 derived from the GBD Study conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in 2010...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403185/prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-among-elementary-school-children-in-birjand-east-of-iran-2012
#19
Fatemeh Taheri, Toba Kazemi, Bita Bijari, Kokab Namakin, Mahmoud Zardast, Tayyebeh Chahkandi
BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated that dyslipidemia starts in childhood. There is a relationship between the concentration of blood lipids and atherosclerosis. In this study, we assessed the prevalence of dyslipidemia in elementary school children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1,626 (882 girls and 744 boys) elementary school children aged between 6 and 11 years in Birjand in 2012. Samples were selected through multistage random sampling...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403184/left-ventricular-mass-index-and-pulmonary-artery-pressure-in-patients-with-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#20
Seyed Hashem Sezavar, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Maral Hejrati, Mir Farhad Ghaleh Bandi
BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea is accompanied by some cardiovascular complications. It has even been hypothesized that sleep apnea, itself, can induce some of these complications. Given such controversies, we assessed the left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure in patients with sleep apnea. METHODS: Through convenience sampling, 56 patients with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) were included in the present descriptive cross-sectional study...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
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