journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575520/neural-dynamics-underlying-emotional-transmissions-between-individuals
#1
Y Golland, N Levit-Binnun, T Hendler, Y Lerner
Emotional experiences are frequently shaped by the emotional responses of co-present others. Research has shown that people constantly monitor and adapt to the incoming social-emotional signals, even without face-to-face interaction. And yet, the neural processes underlying such emotional transmissions have not been directly studied. Here we investigated how the human brain processes emotional cues which arrive from another, co-attending individual. We presented continuous emotional feedback to participants who viewed a movie in the scanner...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575505/like-mother-like-daughter-putamen-activation-as-a-mechanism-underlying-intergenerational-risk-for-depression
#2
Natalie L Colich, Tiffany C Ho, Monica Ellwood-Lowe, Lara C Foland-Ross, Matthew D Sacchet, Joelle L LeMoult, Ian H Gotlib
Having a depressed mother is one of the strongest predictors for developing depression in adolescence. Given the role of aberrant reward processing in the onset and maintenance of depression, we examined the association between mothers' and their daughters' neural response to the anticipation of reward and loss. Fifteen non-depressed mothers with a history of recurrent depression and their never-disordered daughters, and 23 mothers without past or current depression and their never-disordered daughters, underwent fMRI while performing the monetary incentive delay (MID) task...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575483/that-s-me-in-the-spotlight-neural-basis-of-individual-differences-in-self-consciousness
#3
Irene de Caso, Giulia Poerio, Elizabeth Jefferies, Jonathan Smallwood
A long-standing literature implicates activity within the default mode network (DMN) to processes linked to the self. However, contemporary work suggests that other large-scale networks networks might also be involved. For instance, goal-directed autobiographical planning requires positive functional connectivity (FC) between DMN and frontoparietal control (FPCN) networks. The present study examined the inter-relationship between trait self-focus (measured via a self-consciousness scale; SCS), incidental memory in a self-reference paradigm, and resting state FC of large-scale networks...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575424/association-between-habenula-dysfunction-and-motivational-symptoms-in-unmedicated-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Wen-Hua Liu, Vincent Valton, Ling-Zhi Wang, Yu-Hua Zhu, Jonathan P Roiser
The lateral habenula plays a central role in reward and punishment processing and has been suggested to drive the cardinal symptom of anhedonia in depression. This hypothesis is largely based on observations of habenula hypermetabolism in animal models of depression, but the activity of habenula and its relationship with clinical symptoms in patients with depression remains unclear. High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computational modelling were used to investigate the activity of the habenula during a probabilistic reinforcement learning task with rewarding and punishing outcomes in 21 unmedicated patients with major depression and 17 healthy participants...
May 29, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541505/the-impact-of-personal-relevance-on-emotion-processing-evidence-from-event-related-potentials-and-pupillary-responses
#5
Mareike Bayer, Katja Ruthmann, Annekathrin Schacht
Emotional stimuli attract attention and lead to increased activity in the visual cortex. The present study investigated the impact of personal relevance on emotion processing by presenting emotional words within sentences that referred to participants' significant others or to unknown agents. In event-related potentials, personal relevance increased visual cortex activity within 100 ms after stimulus onset and the amplitudes of the Late Positive Complex (LPC). Moreover, personally relevant contexts gave rise to augmented pupillary responses and higher arousal ratings, suggesting a general boost of attention and arousal...
May 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525641/erp-correlates-of-motivating-voices-quality-of-motivation-and-time-course-matters
#6
Konstantina Zougkou, Netta Weinstein, Silke Paulmann
Here, we conducted the first study to explore how motivations expressed through speech are processed in real-time. Participants listened to sentences spoken in two types of well-studied motivational tones (autonomy-supportive and controlling), or a neutral tone of voice. To examine this, listeners were presented with sentences that either signaled motivations through prosody (tone of voice) and words simultaneously (e.g., "You absolutely have to do it my way" spoken in a controlling tone of voice), or lacked motivationally biasing words (e...
May 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505380/potential-reward-reduces-the-adverse-impact-of-negative-distractor-stimuli
#7
Srikanth Padmala, Mihai Sirbu, Luiz Pessoa
Knowledge about interactions between reward and negative processing is rudimentary. Here, we employed functional MRI to probe how potential reward signaled by advance cues alters aversive distractor processing during perception. Behaviorally, the influence of aversive stimuli on task performance was reduced during the reward compared to no-reward condition. In the brain, at the task phase, paralleling the observed behavioral pattern, we observed significant interactions in the anterior insula and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, such that responses during the negative (vs...
May 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505355/uncovering-the-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-cognitive-affective-and-conative-theory-of-mind-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-neural-systems-perspective
#8
Nicholas P Ryan, Cathy Catroppa, Richard Beare, Timothy J Silk, Stephen J Hearps, Miriam H Beauchamp, Keith Owen Yeates, Vicki A Anderson
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM) are common after neurological insult acquired in the first and second decade of life, however the contribution of large-scale neural networks to ToM deficits in children with brain injury is unclear. Using pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a model, this study investigated the sub-acute effect of brain injury on gray-matter volume of three large-scale, domain-general brain networks (the Default Mode Network, DMN; the Central Executive Network, CEN; and the Salience Network, SN), as well as two domain-specific neural networks implicated in social-affective processes (the Cerebro-Cerebellar Mentalizing Network, CCMN, and the Mirror Neuron/Empathy Network, MNEN)...
May 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475756/shared-states-using-mvpa-to-test-neural-overlap-between-self-focused-emotion-imagery-and-other-focused-emotion-understanding
#9
Suzanne Oosterwijk, Lukas Snoek, Mark Rotteveel, Lisa F Barrett, H Steven Scholte
The present study tested whether the neural patterns that support imagining "performing an action", "feeling a bodily sensation" or "being in a situation" are directly involved in understanding other people's actions, bodily sensations and situations. Subjects imagined the content of short sentences describing emotional actions, interoceptive sensations and situations (self-focused task), and processed scenes and focused on how the target person was expressing an emotion, what this person was feeling, and why this person was feeling an emotion (other-focused task)...
May 5, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472391/the-theory-of-constructed-emotion-an-active-inference-account-of-interoception-and-categorization
#10
Lisa Feldman Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460088/effects-of-sensitivity-to-life-stress-on-uncinate-fasciculus-segments-in-early-adolescence
#11
Tiffany C Ho, Lucy S King, Josiah K Leong, Natalie L Colich, Kathryn L Humphreys, Sarah J Ordaz, Ian H Gotlib
Previous research suggests that exposure to early life stress (ELS) affects the structural integrity of the uncinate fasciculus (UF), a frontolimbic white matter tract that undergoes protracted development throughout adolescence. Adolescence is an important transitional period characterized by the emergence of internalizing psychopathology such as anxiety, particularly in individuals with high levels of stress sensitivity. We examined the relations among sensitivity to ELS, structural integrity of the UF, and anxiety symptoms in 104 early adolescents...
April 28, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460078/the-emotional-power-of-poetry-neural-circuitry-psychophysiology-compositional-principles
#12
Eugen Wassiliwizky, Stefan Koelsch, Valentin Wagner, Thomas Jacobsen, Winfried Menninghaus
It is a common experience-and well established experimentally-that music can engage us emotionally in a compelling manner. The mechanisms underlying these experiences are receiving increasing scrutiny. However, the extent to which other domains of aesthetic experience can similarly elicit strong emotions is unknown. Using psychophysiology, neuroimaging, and behavioral responses, we show that recited poetry can act as a powerful stimulus for eliciting peak emotional responses, including chills and objectively measurable goosebumps that engage the primary reward circuitry...
April 28, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459990/mapping-the-impairment-in-decoding-static-facial-expressions-of-emotion-in-prosopagnosia
#13
Daniel Fiset, Caroline Blais, Jessica Royer, Anne-Raphaëlle Richoz, Gabrielle Dugas, Roberto Caldara
Acquired prosopagnosia is characterized by a deficit in identifying faces. The brain lesions leading to prosopagnosia are diverse. Interestingly, most prosopagnosic patients suffering from posterior lesions, use the mouth instead of the eyes for face identification. Whether this bias is present for facial expressions has not yet been addressed. We tested PS, a pure case of acquired prosopagnosia with bilateral occipitotemporal lesions anatomically sparing the regions dedicated for facial expression recognition...
April 28, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460035/music-induced-positive-mood-broadens-the-scope-of-auditory-attention
#14
Vesa Putkinen, Tommi Makkonen, Tuomas Eerola
Previous studies indicate that positive mood broadens the scope of visual attention, which can manifest as heightened distractibility. We used event-related potentials (ERP) to investigate whether music-induced positive mood has comparable effects on selective attention in the auditory domain. Subjects listened to experimenter-selected happy, neutral or sad instrumental music and afterwards participated in a dichotic listening task. Distractor sounds in the unattended channel elicited responses related to early sound encoding (N1/MMN) and bottom-up attention capture (P3a) while target sounds in the attended channel elicited a response related to top-down-controlled processing of task-relevant stimuli (P3b)...
April 27, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449127/effects-of-emotional-valence-and-arousal-on-the-voice-perception-network
#15
Patricia E G Bestelmeyer, Sonja A Kotz, Pascal Belin
Several theories conceptualise emotions along two main dimensions: valence (a continuum from negative to positive) and arousal (a continuum that varies from low to high). These dimensions are typically treated as independent in many neuroimaging experiments, yet recent behavioural findings suggest that they are actually interdependent. This result has impact on neuroimaging design, analysis and theoretical development. We were interested in determining the extent of this interdependence both behaviourally and neuroanatomically, as well as teasing apart any activation that is specific to each dimension...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449116/the-iconography-of-mourning-and-its-neural-correlates-a-functional-neuroimaging-study
#16
Karin Labek, Samantha Berger, Anna Buchheim, Julia Bosch, Jennifer Spohrs, Lisa Dommes, Petra Beschoner, Julia C Stingl, Roberto Viviani
The present functional neuroimaging study focuses on the iconography of mourning. A culture-specific pattern of body postures of mourning individuals, mostly suggesting withdrawal, emerged from a survey of visual material. When used in different combinations in stylized drawings in our neuroimaging study, this material activated cortical areas commonly seen in studies of social cognition (temporo-parietal junction, superior temporal gyrus, and inferior temporal lobe), empathy for pain (somatosensory cortex), and loss (precuneus, middle/posterior cingular gyrus)...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449036/resting-connectivity-between-salience-nodes-predicts-recognition-memory
#17
Joseph M Andreano, Alexandra Touroutoglou, Bradford C Dickerson, Lisa Feldman Barrett
The resting connectivity of the brain's salience network, particularly the ventral subsystem of the salience network, has been previously associated with various measures of affective reactivity. Numerous studies have demonstrated that increased affective arousalleads to enhanced consolidation of memory. This suggests that individuals with greater ventral salience network connectivity will exhibit greater responses to affective experience, leading to a greater enhancement of memory by affect. To test this hypothesis, resting ventral salience connectivity was measured in 41 young adults, who were then exposed to neutral and negative affect inductions during a paired associate memory test...
April 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444367/corrigendum-to-affective-facilitation-of-early-visual-cortex-during-rapid-picture-presentation-at-6-and-15-hz
#18
Valeria Bekhtereva, Matthias M Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444345/causal-evidence-for-task-specific-involvement-of-the-dorsomedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-human-social-cognition
#19
Andrew K Martin, I Ilvana Dzafic, Swathi Ramdave, Marcus Meinzer
The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) is a key hub of the "social brain", but little is known about specific processes supported by this region. Using focal high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) and a social cognitive battery with differing demands on self-other processing, we demonstrate specific involvement of the dmPFC in tasks placing high demands on self-other processing. Specifically, excitatory (anodal) HD-tDCS enhanced the integration of external information into the self for explicit higher-order socio-cognitive tasks across cognitive domains; i...
April 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444316/oxytocin-facilitates-reciprocity-in-social-communication
#20
Franny B Spengler, Dirk Scheele, Nina Marsh, Charlotte Kofferath, Aileen Flach, Sarah Schwarz, Birgit Stoffel-Wagner, Wolfgang Maier, René Hurlemann
Synchrony in social groups may confer significant evolutionary advantages by improving group cohesion and social interaction. However, the neurobiological mechanisms translating social synchrony into refined social information transmission between interacting individuals are still elusive. In two successively conducted experiments involving a total of 199 healthy volunteers, we explored the involvement of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) in reciprocal social interaction. First, we show that synchronous social interactions evoke heightened endogenous OXT release in dyadic partners...
April 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
journal
journal
41490
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"