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Urology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299770/does-systemic-disease-aggravate-the-severity-of-dry-mouth-by-anticholinergics-in-overactive-bladder-patients
#1
Keon-Cheol Lee, Bong-Mo Seong
PURPOSE: In overactive bladder (OAB) patients with systemic diseases, dry mouth tends to be more prominent owing to the effects of systemic diseases or related medications. We evaluated how systemic diseases affect dry mouth before and after anticholinergic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAB patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided according to the presence or absence of systemic diseases. Patients with systemic diseases were sub-grouped by the number of systemic diseases (only one or more than one disease)...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299769/the-effect-of-urinary-catheters-on-microbial-biofilms-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#2
Sahra Kirmusaoglu, Seyhun Yurdug├╝l, Ahmet Metin, Suphi Vehid
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine relationship between biofilm producer microorganisms attached to urinary catheters (UCs) and urinary catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), to determine the rate of CAUTI development and the relationship between CAUTI and catheterization period in catheterized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinary catheters from 143 inpatients who were hospitalized in Abant Izzet Baysal University Hospital Urinary Service, and urine samples of these patients before and after catheterization of urinarycatheter were collected...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299768/a-case-report-of-human-infection-with-dioctophyma-renale-from-iran
#3
Roghayeh Norouzi, Arman Manochehri, Mustafa Hanifi
A 75-year-old man from Kurdistan province, western part of Iran was diagnosed with a mass in the right kidney by ultrasound and computed tomography. In operation, a parasitic helminth, 30 cm long and 1.2 cm in diameter consistent with D. renale was found in the right kidney. Microscopic examination revealed that the male Dioctophyma renale. Following removal of worm, the symptoms completely resolved within a few hours. Generally, parasitism by D. renale in human is a necropsy finding, nevertheless imaging techniques as ultrasound and computed tomography have been proven to be important tool to achieve diagnosis...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299767/huge-renal-hydatid-cyst-an-unusual-presentation-a-case-report
#4
Jamal Jafari Nodoushan, Samad Zare, Seyed Mostafa Tabatabaei, Mojtaba Babaei Zarch, Fatemeh Imani, Fatemeh Ehsani
Isolated renal hydatid cyst is a rare entity accounting for only 2-4% of cases. A 60-year-old male presented to our clinic complaining of pain in right flank. He had a history of eating raw sheep liver. Imaging revealed an expansive cystic mass measuring approximately300×180 mm in the right side of abdomen. The patient was treated by open surgery in combination with perioperative chemotherapy with albendazol. In this case, we reported an unusual presentation of hydatid cyst disease. Physicians should be aware of its clinical presentations and complications...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299766/increased-level-of-c-kit-in-semen-of-infertile-patients-with-varicocele
#5
Guorong Jin, Jianrong Liu, Qin Qin, Songdan Gao, Fang Zhang, Yuehong Ma, Caiyun Ding, Lina Dong, Haizhen Yin, Yimin Wang
PURPOSE: Varicocele is the most common risk factor for male infertility, however, not all males with varicocele experience infertility. In fact, most patients with varicocele have normal spermatogenesis. The molecular mechanism of varicocele-associated infertility is yet to be completely understood. The aim of this study is to assess the association of a number of fertility regulatory factors on varicocele associated infertility and to throw light on the mechanism of varicocele-associated infertility...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299765/gender-preferences-for-urologists-women-prefer-female-urologists
#6
Sun-Ouck Kim, Taek Won Kang, Dongdeuk Kwon
PURPOSE: To investigate patients' preferences for the gender of their urologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who visited a urologic center were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire on the preferences for the gender of their urologist as well as on their age, education level and employment status. RESULTS: Of 270 respondents, 144 subjects (53%) had a preference for the gender of their urologist, whereas 126 subjects (47%) had no preference...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299764/bolus-injection-versus-infusion-of-furosemide-in-kidney-transplantation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Afshar Zomorrodi, Hassan Mohammadipoor Anvari, Farzad Kakaei, Farzin Solymanzadeh, Esmaeil Khanlari, Amin Bagheri
PURPOSE: Furosemide is commonly administered to increase the urinary output in patients with transplanted kidneys. This study compared the two administration routes of furosemide (bolus versus infusion) in kidney transplanted patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients who had undergone kidney transplantation in 2015 in a hospital in Tabriz, Iran, were included in this clinical trial. They were divided into two groups: bolus (120 mg stat) and infusion (4 mg/minute) groups...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299763/the-efficacy-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-versus-transperineal-template-biopsy-of-the-prostate-in-diagnosing-prostate-cancer-in-men-with-previous-negative-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy
#8
Shady Nafie, Michael Wanis, Masood Khan
PURPOSE: We have previously demonstrated that transperineal template prostate biopsy (TPTPB) has a significantly higher cancer detection rate compared to transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy in biopsy naive men with a PSA < 20 ng/mL. We, therefore, performed a prospective study to determine whether TPTPB is still superior to TRUS biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer in men with persistently elevated PSA after one previous negative set of TRUS biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 patients with a background of one previous negative set of TRUS biopsy, persistently elevated PSA (but < 20 ng/mL) and benign feeling digital rectal examination (DRE) underwent simultaneous standard 12-core TRUS biopsy and 36-core TPTPB under general anaesthesia...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299762/comparison-of-success-rate-in-complete-supine-versus-semi-supine-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-the-first-pilot-study-in-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Siavash Falahatkar, Ali Ghasemi, Keivan Gholamjani Moghaddam, Samaneh Esmaeili, Ehsan Kazemnezhad, Seyed Naser Seyed Esmaeili, Reza Motiee
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes and complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the complete supine versus semi supine position in order to select the best position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial, between July 2011 and May 2014, a total of 44 patients who presented for PCNL were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups [complete supine (n=22), andsemi supine (n = 22)]. The results in both positions were compared regarding the complexity and outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299761/comparison-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-treating-20-40-mm-renal-stones
#10
Gokhan Atis, Meftun Culpan, Eyup Sabri Pelit, Cengiz Canakci, Ismail Ulus, Bilal Gunaydin, Asif Yildirim, Turhan Caskurlu
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treating renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 146 patients, who were treated with RIRS and 146 patients, who were treated with PCNL for renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter were compared retrospectively using a matched-pair analysis. The operative and post-operative outcomes of both groups were analyzed retrospectively...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116746/persistent-grade-5-reflux-into-a-transplanted-kidney-in-a-spinal-patient-despite-sphincterotomy
#11
Michael S Floyd, Vasileios Sakalis, Melissa C Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116745/response-to-cabazitaxel-beyond-20-cycles-in-a-patient-with-penile-metastasis-of-prostate-cancer-a-case-report
#12
Elif Atag, Huseyin Salih Semiz, Seher Nazli Kazaz, Emine Burcin Tuna, Ozhan Ozdogan, Ozan Bozkurt, Omer Demir, Aziz Karaoglu
Penile metastases are extremely rare events and generally occurs at a late stage of primary disease. They mostlyoriginate from prostate and bladder in the genitourinary tract. Penile metastases have a dismal prognosis and verylow survival rates. We report a case of penile metastasis in 70-year-old geriatric male patient with prostatic adenocarcinomawho was treated with cabazitaxel chemotherapy beyond 20 cycles with a good response and acceptableminimal toxicity.
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116744/refractory-haematuria-resulting-from-peritoneal-dissemination-of-metastatic-gastric-cancer-radiation-therapy-for-a-nodule-infiltrating-the-urinary-bladder
#13
Naoya Ishibashi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Takuya Aizawa, Masakuni Sakaguchi, Osamu Abe, Tsuyoshi Matsui, Megumu Watanabe
Bladder metastases from remote primary sites are rarely reported. We present a case of haematuria caused by infiltrationof the urinary bladder wall by a nodule resulting from peritoneal dissemination of a primary gastric tumour.The nodule was detected by computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and cystoscopy. Transarterialembolization or haemostasis could not be performed because of the haematuria, thus the vesical bleeding was treatedwith a low irradiation dose of 3 Gy/fraction for a total of 30 Gy administered to the dome of the urinary bladder...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116743/mandibular-mass-as-an-only-presentation-of-metatatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-for-four-years-a-case-report
#14
Shahram Gooran, Alimohammad Fakhr Yasseri, Negar Behtash, Arash Karimi, Masoud Khalili, Mahboobeh Asadi
Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common tumors of the urinary tract. This tumor may appear as Para neoplasticsyndromes or distant metastasis. Metastases in uncommon areas are one of the characteristics of renal tumors.One of the uncommon metastatic renal masses areas is the mandible. In different studies, patient survival aftermetastasis diagnosis is usually one year or less. In this study we introduce a patient with mass of the right mandiblewhich existed four years before his referral, and in examinations it was diagnosed as metastasis with renal origin...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116742/evaluation-of-ros-tac-score-and-dna-damage-in-fertile-normozoospermic-and-infertile-asthenozoospermic-males
#15
Akram Vatannejad, Heidar Tavilani, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Saeid Amanpour, Somyeh Shapourizadeh, Mahmood Doosti
PURPOSE: The aim of study was to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) andROS-TAC score as indicator for oxidative stress status as well as 8-hydrodeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels as amarker for DNA damage in the seminal plasma of asthenozoospermia patients compared to normozoospermiasamples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The semen samples of 28 fertile normozoospermic donors and 25 infertile men withasthenozoospermia were analyzed according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116741/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#16
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116740/determination-of-the-safe-surgical-margin-for-t1b-renal-cell-carcinoma
#17
Kan Zhang, Wen Lian Xie
PURPOSE: To determine the rational surgical margin for pathological T1b renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included surveys of 60 patients with T1bN0M0 RCC who underwentradical nephrectomy (RN, n = 40) or partial nephrectomy (PN, n = 20) between October 2008 and December2014 at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital affiliated with Zhongshan University. Specimens were collectedfrom 6 sites at the tumour periphery for RN and PN, and at suspected sites on the tumour surface for PN in addition...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116739/robotic-or-open-radical-prostatectomy-in-men-with-previous-transurethral-resection-of-prostate
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mahmoud Mustafa, John W Davis, Sacit Nuri Gorgel, Louis Pisters
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the surgical, oncological and functional outcomes of robotic and open radicalprostatectomy (RP) in patients with history of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total of 48 patients with mean ± SD age of 64.5 ± 6.0 years who had undergone TURPprior to RP were included. Thirty-one (64.58%) patients underwent robotic RP (group I) and 17 patients underwentopen RP (group II). Variables evaluated included demographic characteristics, perioperative complications, functionaland oncological outcomes...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116738/a-comparison-of-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-and-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-management-of-renal-stones-2-cm
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sercan Sari, Hakki Ugur Ozok, Mehmet Caglar Cakici, Harun Ozdemir, Okan Bas, Nihat Karakoyunlu, Levent Sagnak, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Hamit Ersoy
PURPOSE: In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the outcomes in patients who have been treated withpercutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) on renal stones ≥ 2 cm size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated patients who underwent PNL or RIRS for renal stones ≥ 2 cm size betweenNovember 2011 and November 2014. Stone size, operation, fluoroscopy and hospitalization time, success rates,stone-free rates and complication rates were compared in both groups...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116737/efficacy-of-silodosin-dose-in-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-distal-ureteral-stones-a-retrospective-study
#20
Cem Nedim Yuceturk, Mumtaz Dadali, Muhammed Sahin Bagbanci, Berat Cem Ozgur, Yasin Aydogmus, Yildiray Yildiz, Muhammet Fatih Kilinc
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of silodosin 4 mg/day and 8 mg/day for medical expulsive therapy(MET) of lower ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 161 patients admitted to urologyclinics of Ahi Evran University Medical Faculty and Ankara Training and Research Hospital with distal ureteralstones and treated with MET with different doses of silodosin between January 2013 and August 2015. 81 patientswere treated with silodosin 4mg/day in group-1 and 80 patients with silodosin 8mg/day in group-2...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
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