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Urology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853111/staged-bilateral-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-infantile-acth-independent-cushing-s-syndrome-bilateral-micronodular-non-pigmented-adrenal-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#1
Nasser Simforoosh, Maryam Razzaghy Azar, Mohmmad Hossein Soltani, Mona Nourbakhsh, Hamidreza Shemshaki
ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome is an uncommon disorder in children. While laparoscopic adrenalectomy is well-established in adults, it is rarely used in infants and is associated with some concerns. A seven-month infant was referred to our hospital due to progressive signs and symptoms of Cushing's syndrome. Laboratory data confirmed ACTH-independent hypercortisolism. No history of exogenous corticosteroid contact was observed. The patient underwent left transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy when she was 7 months old, nevertheless,complete response was not seen...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853110/retained-surgical-gauze-presenting-with-gross-hematuria-a-case-report
#2
Babak Javanmard, Mohammad Reza Yousefi, Behrouz Fadavi, Morteza Fallah Karkan
Gossipyboma is a mass which is made around a cotton sponge or abdominal compress retained in a patient during surgery accidentally. Patients manifest with either acute or chronic symptoms due to complications. Here in wereported an 89-year-old man case of transvesical migration of gossipyboma who presented with gross hematuria with a history of transvesical prostatectomy 6 years ago. Patient underwent exploratory laparotomy with repairing of the bladder and peritoneum. He had no complications during surgery and was subsequently discharged...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853109/impact-of-four-week-swimming-exercise-with-alpha-tocopherol-supplementation-on-fertility-potential-in-healthy-rats
#3
Abolfazl Kalantari, Abbas Saremi, Nader Shavandi, Ali Foroutan Nia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 4 week intensive swimming exercise and alpha-tocopherol supplementation on testicular oxidative stress and spermatogenesis in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 male rats were randomly assigned to Control (C), Sham (S), Exercise (E) and Exercise + supplement (ES) groups. Exercise training performed for 4 weeks (1session/day, 6days/week). Each session included 180 minutes of swimming. In ES group, alpha-ocopherol was injected at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853108/differences-in-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase1-parp1-and-proliferative-cell-nuclear-antigen-pcna-immunoreactivity-in-patients-who-experienced-successful-and-unsuccessful-microdissection-testicular-sperm-extraction-procedures
#4
Süleyman Akarsu, Baris Büke, Seren Gülsen Gürgen, Serkan Akdemir, Funda Gode, Merve Biçer, Mustafa Agah Tekindal, Ahmet Zeki Isik
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate expression of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis and repair markers in testicular tissues of azoospermic men in whom sperm retrieval could and could not be achieved as a result of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, testicular tissues were retrieved from 60 Non-obstructive Azoospermia (NOA) patients who underwent micro-TESE procedure...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853107/a-comparative-study-on-the-clinical-efficacy-of-two-different-disposable-circumcision-suture-devices-in-adult-males
#5
Junwen Shen, Jihan Shi, Jianguo Gao, Ning Wang, Jianer Tang, Bin Yu, Weigao Wang, Rongjiang Wang
PURPOSE: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of two different kinds of disposable circumcision suture devices in adult men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult male patients (n = 179; mean age: 23.7 years) with redundant prepuce and/or phimosis were included in a clinical trial from July 2015 to August 2016. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group A using the Langhe disposable circumcision suture device (n = 89), and group B using the Daming disposable circumcision suture device (n = 94)...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853106/prognostic-role-of-lymphovascular-invasion-in-patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-upper-urinary-tract
#6
Manel Mellouli, Slim Charfi, Walid Smaoui, Rim Kallel, Abdelmajid Khabir, Mehdi Bouacida, Mohamed Nabil Mhiri, Tahya Sellami Boudawara
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of lymphovascular invasion on the prognosis of patients treated for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records of 49 patients treated surgically at our institute for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas were reviewed retrospectively. LVI was defined as the presence of cancer cells within an endotheluim-lined space without underlying muscular walls. Actuarial survival curves were analysed by Kaplan-Meier method...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853105/different-approaches-to-detect-nanobacteria-in-patients-with-kidney-stones-an-infectious-cause-or-a-subset-of-life
#7
Hani Ansari, Abbas Akhavan Sepahi, Mohsen Akhavan Sepahi
PURPOSE: This research focused on the detection of nanobacteria in kidney stones of 30 Iranian patients without adding fetal bovine serum (FBS) to the culture media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanobacteria were isolated from a nephro-ureterolithiasis extract of the urinary tract and kidney of patients and were cultured in the laboratory. The growth of nanobacteria was monitored using a spectrophotometer, and with inverted microscopy technique, their crystallization was analyzed after two days...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853104/the-association-of-household-food-insecurity-and-the-risk-of-calcium-oxalate-stones
#8
Hamid Shafi, Ahmad-Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Mohammad Bagherniya, Atefeh Daeezadeh, Mohammad Safarian
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been defined as 'limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods', which associated with adverse health consequences in human. Another alarming condition, which is related to several comorbidities is kidney stone. This study aimed to determine the association of household food insecurity and developing kidney stones (calcium oxalate) in adults referred to medical centers of Babol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 200 participants 18-65 years of ages (100 cases, 100 controls)...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853103/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-a-new-factor-for-predicting-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#9
Mehmet Cetinkaya, Ibrahim Buldu, Omer Kurt, Ramazan Inan
PURPOSE: The first purpose of this study was to reveal factors affecting the postoperative development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) for renal stones. The second purpose was to determine the role of the preoperative platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the prediction of SIRS.Matarials and Methods: In total, 192 patients who had undergone conventional PNL for renal stones from 2013 to 2015 were included in the study...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853102/an-up-to-date-meta-analysis-of-coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#10
Jiadong Xia, Jie Chen, Jian-Xin Xue, Jie Yang, Zeng-Jun Wang
PURPOSE: Results of the association between coffee consumption (CC) and the risk of prostate cancer (PC) are still controversy. Based on published relevant studies, we conducted an up-to-date meta-analysis to investigatethis issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protocol used in this article is in accordance with the PRISMA checklist. Eligible studies were screened and retrieved by using PUBMED and EMBASE as well as manual review of references up to July 2016. We calculated the pooled relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) with random effect models...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853101/the-effect-of-folate-and-folate-plus-zinc-supplementation-on-endocrine-parameters-and-sperm-characteristics-in-sub-fertile-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Morvarid Irani, Malihe Amirian, Ramin Sadeghi, Justine Le Lez, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of folate and folate plus zinc supplementation on endocrine parameters and sperm characteristics in sub fertile men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. Electronic databases of Medline, Scopus , Google scholar and Persian databases (SID, Iran medex, Magiran, Medlib, Iran doc) were searched from 1966 to December 2016 using a set of relevant keywords including "folate or folic acid AND (infertility, infertile, sterility)"...
August 29, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670677/a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-combined-glandular-lidocaine-injection-and-intraurethral-lidocaine-gel-with-intraurethral-lidocaine-gel-alone-in-cystoscopy-and-urethral-dilatation
#12
Shahram Gooran, Pejman Pourfakhr, Shirin Bahrami, Ali Mohammad Fakhr Yasseri, Amir Javid, Negar Behtash, Gholamreza Pourmand
PURPOSE: Cystoscopy is one of the most common urologic procedures. The aim of this study is to investigate the combined effect of intraurethral lidocaine gel and intraglandular injection of lidocaine 2% on pain during and after cystoscopy. Materials & Methods: In this double-blind, parallel group randomized clinical trial, 156 patients referred for double J removal, urethral dilatation, or cystoscopy were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups, A and B. All patients received 20 cc of intraurethral lidocaine gel 2%...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670676/yang-monti-principle-in-bridging-long-ureteral-defects-cases-report-and-a-systemic-review
#13
Jun Sheng Bao, Qiqi He, Yuzhuo Li, Wei Shi, Gongjin Wu, Zhongjin Yue
Ureteric substitution using the Yang-Monti principle was reported as a modification of simple ileal ureter replacement. During April 2013 to June in 2015, 2 patients underwent ileal ureteral substitution using a reconfigured ileal segment of Yang Monti principle in our clinical center. Some slight modifications were made and then follow-up were carried out up to 12 months. For these 2 cases, no significant intra/post-operative complications occurred. In 1 year follow up, serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of both patients decreased to normal...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670675/transurethral-resection-of-a-large-urinary-bladder-leiomyoma-a-rare-case-report
#14
Alper Gok
Bladder leiomyoma constitutes less than 0.5% of all bladder tumors. Until now, there have been about 250 case reports of bladder leiomyoma. We present a case of large bladder leiomyoma, that was treated successfully with transurethral resection. The patient presented to our clinic with both obstructive and irritative urinary complaints. Cystoscopy showed a mass lesion completely obstructing the bladder neck at the junction of right lateral wall and floor, which did not extend to ureteral orifices. A transurethral resection was performed at the same sessionof cystoscopy...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670674/mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-suprapubic-cystostomy-tract-without-bladder-involvement
#15
Man Libo, Li Gui-Zhong
We present a case of adenocarcinoma developing at the vesicocutaneous edge of a vesicostomy, 8 years after it was created, in a patient who had neurogenic bladder secondary to medullitis. The patient died 6 months after the start of surgery therapy. Although transitional and squamous cell carcinoma of a vesicostomy have been reported, to our knowledge, the presence of adenocarcinoma at the vesicostomy edge without bladder involvement has not been reported previously.
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670673/in-vitro-application-of-pentoxifylline-preserved-ultrastructure-of-spermatozoa-after-vitrification-in-asthenozoospermic-patients
#16
Ali Nabi, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Ali Reza Talebi, Esmat Mangoli, Nahid Yari, Stefania Annarita Nottola, Selenia Miglietta, Fatemeh Taheri
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of in vitro application of pentoxifylline (PX) on sperm parameters and ultrastructure after vitrification in asthenozoospermic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 asthenozoospermic semen samples (aged 25-45 years) were divided into four groups before vitrification, after vitrification, control (without PX) and experimental (with PX). In experimental group, each sample was exposed for 30 min to 3.6mmol/l PX and the control group without any treatment apposing in 370C for 30 min...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670672/anterior-urethral-advancement-as-a-single-stage-technique-for-repair-of-anterior-hypospadias-our-experience
#17
Venkat A Gite, Jayant V Nikose, Sachin M Bote, Saurabh R Patil
PURPOSE: Many techniques have been described to correct anterior hypospadias with variable results. Anterior urethral advancement as one stage technique was first described by Ti Chang Shing in 1984. It was also used for the repair of strictures and urethrocutaneous fistulae involving distal urethra. We report our experience of using this technique with some modification for the repair of anterior hypospadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period between 2013-2015, 20 cases with anterior hypospadias including 2 cases of glanular, 3 cases of coronal, 12 cases of subcoronal and 3 cases of distal penile hypospadias were treated with anterior urethral advancement technique...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670671/testicular-ischemia-caused-by-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-in-infants-incidence-conservative-treatment-procedure-and-follow-up
#18
Mustafa Yasar Ozdamar, Osman Zeki Karakus
PURPOSE: Testicular ischemia and necrosis, especially in the infant age, may result from incarcerated inguinal hernia. Duration of ischemia is a significant factor for the affected testicle. We aimed to present a case series on the conservative management in the testicular ischemia caused by incarcerated inguinal hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inguinal hernia repairs performed in between March 2009 and December 2014 were investigated retrospectively. Patients' characteristics, hernia side, incarceration, testicular ischemia and complications were recorded...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670670/therapeutic-effects-of-aqueous-extracts-of-cerasus-avium-stem-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-kidney-calculi-in-rats
#19
Ehsaneh Azaryan, Mohammad Malekaneh, Maryam Shemshadi Nejad, Fatemeh Haghighi
PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of the aqueous extract of Cerasus Avium stem on kidney calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, forty-eight (48) male Wistar rats were randomly allocated into six (6) groups and were studied during a 30 day period. Group A served as normal control and Group B received 1% ethylene glycol in drinking water (EG group). C, D, E, and F Groups, received 1% ethylene glycol from day 1 and were used as prevention and treatment subjects...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670669/primary-report-of-totally-tubeless-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-despite-pelvi-calyceal-perforations
#20
Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir, Alborz Salavati, Morteza Hamidi, Asghar FallahNejad
PURPOSE: Nephrostomy tube insertion and/or a ureteral stent placement is advised when pelvi-calyceal perforations are encountered during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) nevertheless totally tubeless PNL is a possible exit strategy in percutaneous renal surgery therefore case series on the short term clinical outcomes of noninvasive management of iatrogenic pelvicalyceal perforations encountered during PNL is presented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During retrospective analysis of 1271 PNL procedures, 25 incidents of accidental ureteral catheter/ jj stent dislodgement during first 24 post-operative hours were identified in patient who had pelvi calyceal perforations and had no nephrostomy tube (tubeless)...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
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