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Urology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221335/urethral-meatus-and-glanular-closure-line-normal-biometrics-and-clinical-significance
#1
Tariq O Abbas, Mansour Ali
 Purpose: The aim of this study is to explore the normal external urethral meatal and glans closure line in normal boys, and to investigate the correlation between these glans biometrics and the age of the participants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 103 male children were asked to participate in the study during ritual circumcision. Par-ents of 94 of them (mean age 5.9 years, range 0.6-13) accepted while remaining 9 did not. Glans biometrics were measured using digital calipers. RESULT: 100% of the study participants had a vertical slit-like meatal opening located at the tip of the glans...
September 17, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221336/is-a-combination-of-antibiotics-and-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-more-beneficial-than-antibiotic-monotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-female-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#2
Kyungtae Ko, Won Ki Lee, Cheol Young Oh, Seong Ho Lee, Sung Tae Cho, Woo Jin Bang, Tae Young Shin, Min Soo Choo, Jin Seon Cho, Young Goo Lee, Dae Yul Yang
 Purpose: To compare the efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) combination therapy to single-agent antibiotic therapy for the resolution of symptoms during two restricted activity days in patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis (AUC)Materials and Methods: We performed a prospective, randomized control pilot study. A total of 55 patients were enrolled. Group I (n=28) was treated with cepodoxime (100 mg twice per day), and Group II (n=27) was treated with cepodoxime (100 mg) and aceclofenac (100 mg) twice per day; both groups were treated for three days...
September 16, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206919/evaluating-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-self-management-scale-for-kidney-transplant-recipients
#3
Somayeh Khezerloo, Hosein Mahmoudi, Zohreh Vafadar
PURPOSE: There was no appropriate instrument for assessing the self-management of Iranian kidney transplant recipients. This study was done to translate the Self-Management Scale for Kidney Transplant Recipients into Persian and evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional methodological study was done from October 2016 to March 2017. The psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated in the following four steps: forward-backward translation, face and content validity assessments, construct validity assessment via exploratory factor analysis, and reliability assessment via internal consistency and test-retest techniques...
September 12, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206927/a-case-report-of-synchronous-prostate-cancer-and-rectal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-and-its-management
#4
Ryuta Watanabe, Akira Ozawa, Tokuhiro Iseda, Hiroaki Hatano
A 72-year-old Japanese man presented to the hospital with complaints of gross hematuria. Contrast enhanced computed tomography revealed a broad-based, approximately 3-cm bladder tumor near the right ureteral orifice and a 5-cm mass located between the prostate and rectum. The patient underwent transurethral resection of the bladder tumor and a transrectal biopsy of the lesion. Histological examination of the specimens suggested that the patient had a muscle invasive adenocarcinoma from TURBT and a rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor in TRUS biopsy...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206926/effect-of-unilateral-iatrogenic-torsion-oncontralateral-testis-inrat-prepubertal-and-postpubertal
#5
Hassan Ahmadnia, Mahmoud Dolati, Alireza Ghanadi, Mehdi Younesi Rostami, Alireza Akhavan Rezayat
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to investigate the influence of hemicastration and age at hemicastration on the subsequent contralateral testis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 Wistar-derived male rats divided randomly in 4 groups. Group 1 named immature intervention, group 2 immature control, group 3 mature intervention and group 4mature control. In group 1, rats hemicastrated at 30 days of age (prepubertal). In group 2 sham surgery (midscrotal incision) was done at same age...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206925/comparison-of-two-different-anesthesia-methods-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#6
Mehmet Solakhan, Ersan Bulut, Mehmet Sakip Erturhan
PURPOSE:   The study aims to compare the effectiveness, safety and costs of two different anesthesia methods in PCNL (percutaneous nephrolithotomy) operations. MATERIAL-METHOD: In our study, data was retrospectively examined of 1657 patients who underwent PCNL due to renal calculi between 2009 and 2017. Patients were separated into two groups according to the type of anesthesia; as those implemented PCNL under general anesthesia (GA) (n=572) and those under spinal anesthesia(SA) (n=1085)...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206924/primary-prostate-lymphoma-managed-with-combined-modality-treatment-a-case-report
#7
A Jafari, Bahram Mofid, Ali Tabibi, F Kowsari
Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in men; the main reported pathology is adenocarcinoma while there are few published cases of prostate lymphoma. There isn't enough data regarding the natural history and best management of prostate lymphoma. In this paper, we have described a case of prostate lymphoma that managed with combined modality treatment and have been survived for three years.
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206923/evaluation-and-comparison-of-metabolic-disorders-between-patients-with-unilateral-and-bilateral-staghorn-renal-stones
#8
Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Amir Jafarpisheh, Alireza Ghoreifi
PURPOSE: Metabolic disorders are common in patients with staghorn renal stones. Aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the metabolic disorders in patients with unilateral and bilateral staghorn stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 78 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for staghorn renal stones were included. The urine volumes, the levels of calcium, oxalate, uric acid, phosphate, sodium, citrate, creatinine, and cystine from 24 hour urine collection as well as the serum levels of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and uric acid were recorded and compared among the two groups with unilateral and bilateral renal stones...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206922/the-effect-of-heroin-addiction-on-human-sperm-parameters-histone-to-protamine-transition-and-serum-sexual-hormone-levels
#9
Zohreh Nazmara, Mohammad Najafi, Samira Rezaei-Mojaz, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zahara Zandiyeh, Peymaneh Shirinbayan, Mohsen Roshanpajouh, Hamid Reza Asgari, Leila Hosseini Jafari Lavasani, Morteza Koruji
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of heroin on sperm parameters, histone-to-protamine transition ratios in mature sperm, and serum reproductive hormone levels in active heroin users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen and blood samples were collected from 25 men who used only heroin for at least 12 months and the same number healthy men who did not use any drugs and did not suffer from infertility problems. Computer-based analysis, Aniline blue staining, and Hormones assessment were performed to provide valuable new information on the relationship between addiction and semen profile and serum reproductive hormone levels...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206921/impact-and-predictive-value-of-prostate-weight-on-the-outcomes-of-nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-in-patients-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#10
Dong-Gen Jiang, Chu-Tian Xiao, Yun-Hua Mao, Jian-Guang Qiu, Jie Si-Tu, Min-Hua Lu, Xin Gao
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of prostate weight on outcomes of nerve sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and assess its predictive value on postoperative continence and potency recovery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 165 patients with low risk prostate cancer (PCa) who underwent nerve sparing LRP. All the patients included had normal preoperative urinary and sexual function. The association of prostate weight with perioperative data was assessed using Spearman correlation coefficient...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206920/management-of-large-proximal-ureteral-calculi-a-three-year-multicenter-experience-of-simultaneous-supine-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-and-retrograde-ureterolithotripsy
#11
Yu-Chen Chen, Hao-Wei Chen, Yung-Shun Juan, Ing-Shiang Lo, Ming-Chen Paul Shih, Wen-Jeng Wu, Jhen-Hao Jhan, Tsung-Yi Huang
PURPOSE: To share our multicenter experience using a safe and effective method for treating large proximal ureteral calculus by simultaneous supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sPCNL) and retrograde ureterolithotripsy (URSL) in the Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2014 and August 2017, all patients with large proximal ureteral stones (> 15 mm) who underwent simultaneous sPCNL and retrograde URSL at three medical centers were retrospectively reported...
September 11, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178447/osteopontin-and-angiogenic-factors-as-new-biomarkers-of-prostate-cancer
#12
Tomasz Wisniewski, Agnieszka Zyromska, Roman Makarewicz, Ewa Zekanowska
PURPOSE: The novel biomarkers that would identify patients at risk for relapse and metastatic spread are needed. The aim of this study was the evaluation of serum levels of osteopontin (OPN) and tumor endogenous angiogenic factors such as vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular-endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGF R2), endostatin, angiostatin and thrombospondin 1, in prostate cancer (PC) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood concentrations of the analyzed parameters were determined in 40 prostate cancer patients eligible for radiotherapy as well as in the control group consisted of 25 volunteers...
September 1, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178446/the-protective-effects-of-pulsed-magnetic-field-and-melatonin-on-testis-torsion-and-detorsion-induced-rats-indicated-by-scintigraphy-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-and-histopathological-methods
#13
Serdar Savas Gul, Serkan Gurgul, Murat Uysal, Fikret Erdemir
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to show the protective effect of pulsed magnetic field (PMF) application and melatonin administration on damage in testis in a one-sided torsion detorsion induced rat model using testicular scintigraphy with 99mTc pertechnetate, PET/CT with 18F-FDG and histopathological methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male rats were used in the study; 30 rats were randomly divided into five groups for one day applications of sham control, torsion, melatonin, pulsed magnetic field (PMF) and melatonin plus PMF...
September 1, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178456/a-comparison-between-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-and-polyacrylate-polyalcohol-copolymer-as-bulking-agents-for-treating-primary-vesicoureteral-reflux
#14
Farshid Alizadeh, Iman Omidi, Saeid Haghdani, Mohammad Hatef Khorrami, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani
PURPOSE: In recent years, endoscopic subureteral injection has gained popularity as a therapeutic alternative to open surgery because of its high success rates and low morbidity. We compared the success and complication rates of Polyacrylate polyalcohol copolymer (PPC) and Dextranomer/Hyaluronic acid (Dx/HA) in the endoscopic treatment of VUR. MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the patients who underwent endoscopic correction of their VUR by subureteric injection of PPC or Dx/HA from Jan 2010 to April 2016...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178455/a-new-technique-of-scrotoplasty-following-total-scrotal-destruction-by-raised-rotated-perineal-flaps-with-de-epithelialized-borders
#15
Seyyed Mohammad Ghahestani, Pooya Hekmati, Sara Karimi
In this article we present two-year-old male patient who had history of Fournier gangrene of scrotum. Extensive perineal and scrotal debridement with suprapubic cystostomy tube insertion had been done for him in the emergency setting One year later his parents brought him back for scrotal reconstruction. A novel technique by using rotational perineal flap was used.The cosmetic result of1 months and 3 months follow up is presented in the article.
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178454/the-effect-of-percutaneous-nephrostomy-implementation-on-the-outcome-of-ureteroscopic-stone-treatment
#16
Fuat Kizilay, Adnan Simsir, Baris Altay, Oktay Nazli, Ibrahim Cureklibatir, Bulent Semerci
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the effect of percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) implementation on the second ureteroscopy (URS) outcomes after a failed URS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of four hundred forty-eight patients with an unsuccessful URS history were evaluated. Patients were divided into two groups; patients who underwent PCN before second URS (Group A) and patients who did not (Group B). We compared the stone access rate in the second URS between the two groups according to patient and stone characteristics and operative data...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178453/the-epidemiology-of-symptomatic-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-4-year-single-center-retrospective-study
#17
Renyu Ding, Xiaoxia Li, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zhidan Zhang, Xiaochun Ma
PURPOSE: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) occurs frequently in critical illness with significant morbidity, mortality, and additional hospital costs. The epidemiology of symptomatic ward-acquired CAUTI (within 48 hours of intensive care unit [ICU] admission) has not been carefully examined. The objective of our study was to identify the patient characteristics and microbiology of symptomatic CAUTI in critical illness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 4-year retrospective observational study (2013-2016) was conducted at a single adult ICU with 30 beds in a tertiary hospital in Northeast China...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178452/ureteroscope-aided-reinsertion-of-dislodged-pigtail-nephrostomy-tube-through-collapsed-tract
#18
Shun-Kai Chang, Bo-Jung Chen, Yeong-Chin Jou, Min-Chun Li, Pei-Yi Chen
PURPOSE: To introduce an alternative method for the reinsertion of pigtail catheter for collapsed nephrostomy tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and October 2016, a total of ten patients with collapsed nephrostomy tract underwent ureteroscope-aided reinsertion of the pigtail catheter after the failure of manual reinsertion by guidewire. Under local anesthesia, the ureteroscope was inserted through a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) opening. The access path was obtained by careful tracing for prior placement of pigtail catheter...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178451/ascorbic-acid-supplements-and-kidney-stones-incidence-among-men-and-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Kehua Jiang, Kun Tang, Haoran Liu, Hua Xu, Zhangqun Ye, Zhiqiang Chen
PURPOSE: The relationship of ascorbic acid (AA) supplements and risk of kidney stones among men and women is controversial. This systematic evaluation was performed to obtain comprehensive evidence about the relationship of AA supplements and risk of kidney stones among men and women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase was performed to identify studies that exhibited the relationship of AA supplements and risk of kidney stones among men and women were published up to Mar 2017...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178450/does-presence-of-a-median-lobe-affect-perioperative-complications-oncological-outcomes-and-urinary-continence-following-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#20
Nurullah Hamidi, Ali Fuat Atmaca, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Murat Keske, Bahri Gok, Erdem Koc, Arslan Ardicoglu
PURPOSE: To evaluate of the presence of a median lobe(ML) affect perioperative complications, positive surgical margins(PSM), biochemical recurrence(BCR) and urinary continence(UC) following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy(RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 924 consecutive patients who underwent RARP for prostate cancer (PCa) and who have at least 1-year follow-up were evaluated retrospectively. All patients were divided into two groups: Group 1(n=252) included patients with ML and Group 2 (n=672) included patients without ML...
August 26, 2018: Urology Journal
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