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Conflict and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118849/examining-the-need-potential-for-biomedical-engineering-to-strengthen-health-care-delivery-for-displaced-populations-victims-of-conflict
#1
Devika Nadkarni, Imad Elhajj, Zaher Dawy, Hala Ghattas, Muhammad H Zaman
Conflict and the subsequent displacement of populations creates unique challenges in the delivery of quality health care to the affected population. Equitable access to quality care demands a multi-pronged strategy with a growing need, and role, for technological innovation to address these challenges. While there have been significant contributions towards alleviating the burden of conflict via data informatics and analytics, communication technology, and geographic information systems, little has been done within biomedical engineering...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046714/understanding-the-menstrual-hygiene-management-challenges-facing-displaced-girls-and-women-findings-from-qualitative-assessments-in-myanmar-and-lebanon
#2
Margaret L Schmitt, David Clatworthy, Ruwan Ratnayake, Nicole Klaesener-Metzner, Elizabeth Roesch, Erin Wheeler, Marni Sommer
BACKGROUND: There is a significant gap in empirical evidence on the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) challenges faced by adolescent girls and women in emergency contexts, and on appropriate humanitarian response approaches to meet their needs in diverse emergency contexts. To begin filling the gap in the evidence, we conducted a study in two diverse contexts (Myanmar and Lebanon), exploring the MHM barriers facing girls and women, and the various relevant sectoral responses being conducted (e...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#3
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932259/non-communicable-diseases-in-humanitarian-settings-ten-essential-questions
#4
REVIEW
S Aebischer Perone, E Martinez, S du Mortier, R Rossi, M Pahud, V Urbaniak, F Chappuis, O Hagon, F Jacquérioz Bausch, D Beran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#5
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824708/understanding-processes-of-risk-and-protection-that-shape-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-young-women-affected-by-conflict-the-price-of-protection
#6
REVIEW
Aisha Hutchinson, Philippa Waterhouse, Jane March-McDonald, Sarah Neal, Roger Ingham
BACKGROUND: It is assumed that knowing what puts young women at risk of poor sexual health outcomes and, in turn, what protects them against these outcomes, will enable greater targeted protection as well as help in designing more effective programmes. Accordingly, efforts have been directed towards mapping risk and protective factors onto general ecological frameworks, but these currently do not take into account the context of modern armed conflict. A literature overview approach was used to identify SRH related risk and protective factors specifically for young women affected by modern armed conflict...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781608/justification-for-a-nuclear-global-health-workforce-multidisciplinary-analysis-of-risk-survivability-preparedness-with-emphasis-on-the-triage-management-of-thermal-burns
#7
REVIEW
Frederick M Burkle, Tom Potokar, James E Gosney, Cham Dallas
Major challenges and crises in global health will not be solved by health alone; requiring rather a multidisciplinary, evidence-based analytical approach to prevention, preparedness and response. One such potential crisis is the continued spread of nuclear weapons to more nations concurrent with the increased volatility of international relations that has significantly escalated the risk of a major nuclear weapon exchange. This study argues for the development of a multidisciplinary global health response agenda based on the reality of the current political analysis of nuclear risk, research evidence suggesting higher-than-expected survivability risk, and the potential for improved health outcomes based on medical advances...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#8
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680460/a-weak-health-response-is-increasing-the-risk-of-excess-mortality-as-food-crisis-worsens-in-somalia
#9
Andrew Seal, Francesco Checchi, Nancy Balfour, Abdi-Rashid Haji Nur, Mohamed Jelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649273/high-burden-of-malaria-and-anemia-among-tribal-pregnant-women-in-a-chronic-conflict-corridor-in-india
#10
Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet, Petros Isaakidis
BACKGROUND: With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are affected by malaria and by an on-going chronic conflict which seriously limits access to health care. The burden of malaria and anemia among pregnant women in these areas is unknown; moreover there are no specific recommendations for pregnant women in the Indian national malaria policy...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572840/low-levels-of-viral-suppression-among-refugees-and-host-nationals-accessing-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-kenyan-refugee-camp
#11
Joshua B Mendelsohn, Paul Spiegel, Alison Grant, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Marian Schilperoord, Natasha Larke, John Wagacha Burton, Jully A Okonji, Clement Zeh, Bosco Muhindo, Ibrahim M Mohammed, Irene N Mukui, Njogu Patterson, Egbert Sondorp, David A Ross
BACKGROUND: Refugees and host nationals who accessed antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a remote refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya (2011-2013) were compared on outcome measures that included viral suppression and adherence to ART. METHODS: This study used a repeated cross-sectional design (Round One and Round Two). All adults (≥18 years) receiving care from the refugee camp clinic and taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) for ≥30 days were invited to participate. Adherence was measured by self-report and monthly pharmacy refills...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515775/retrospective-mortality-among-refugees-from-the-central-african-republic-arriving-in-chad-2014
#12
Matthew E Coldiron, Thomas Roederer, Augusto E Llosa, Malika Bouhenia, Sassou Madi, Laurent Sury, Michaël Neuman, Klaudia Porten
BACKGROUND: The Central African Republic has known long periods of instability. In 2014, following the fall of an interim government installed by the Séléka coalition, a series of violent reprisals occurred. These events were largely directed at the country's Muslim minority and led to a massive displacement of the population. In 2014, we sought to document the retrospective mortality among refugees arriving from the CAR into Chad by conducting a series of surveys. METHODS: The Sido camp was surveyed exhaustively in March-April 2014 and a systematic sampling strategy was used in the Goré camp in October 2014...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450885/measurement-invariance-of-the-hopkins-symptoms-checklist-a-novel-multigroup-alignment-analytic-approach-to-a-large-epidemiological-sample-across-eight-conflict-affected-districts-from-a-nation-wide-survey-in-sri-lanka
#13
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: The alignment method, a novel psychometric approach, represents a more flexible procedure for establishing measurement invariance in geographically, ethnically, or linguistically diverse samples, especially in large epidemiological surveys. Although the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25) has been used extensively in the field to assess anxiety and depressive symptoms, questions remain about the comparability of findings when the instrument is applied across regions in large-scale national surveys...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416965/a-crisis-of-protection-and-safe-passage-violence-experienced-by-migrants-refugees-travelling-along-the-western-balkan-corridor-to-northern-europe
#14
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396693/prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-access-to-health-care-and-medications-among-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#15
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and medications. This study aimed to characterise the prevalence of NCDs and better understand issues related to accessing care among Yazidis and other minority groups displaced by ISIS and currently residing in camps in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. METHODS: The study covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352291/ethical-considerations-for-children-s-participation-in-data-collection-activities-during-humanitarian-emergencies-a-delphi-review
#16
Cyril Bennouna, Hani Mansourian, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: Children's right to participate in data collection during emergencies has been widely recognized by humanitarian actors. However, participation in such activities can expose children to risk. Tensions have been noted between the right to participate and other principles, such as the imperative to 'do no harm.' With little evidence to inform guidance on addressing this tension, our study sought to identify expert consensus on whether and how children participate in emergency-related data collection activities...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344642/rescue-medical-activities-in-the-mediterranean-migrant-crisis
#17
Favila Escobio, Maryse Etiennoul, Stephany Spindola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286546/contraceptive-availability-leads-to-increase-in-use-in-conflict-affected-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-evidence-from-cross-sectional-cluster-surveys-facility-assessments-and-service-statistics
#18
Sara E Casey, Martin Tshipamba
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian assistance standards mandate specific attention to address the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of conflict-affected populations. Despite these internationally recognised standards, access to SRH services is still often compromised in conflict settings. CARE in collaboration with the RAISE Initiative strengthened the Ministry of Health (MOH) to provide contraceptive services in Maniema province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. This study evaluated the effectiveness of this support for MOH health facility provision of contraception...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#19
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649272/does-spending-on-refugees-make-a-difference-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-refugee-program-spending-and-health-outcomes-in-70-sites-in-17-countries
#20
Timothy M Tan, Paul Spiegel, Christopher Haskew, P Gregg Greenough
BACKGROUND: Numerous simultaneous complex humanitarian emergencies strain the ability of local governments and the international community to respond, underscoring the importance of cost-effective use of limited resources. At the end of 2011, 42.5 million people were forcibly displaced, including 10.4 million refugees under the mandate of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). UNHCR spent US$1.65 billion on refugee programs in 2011. We analyze the impact of aggregate-level UNHCR spending on mortality of refugee populations...
2016: Conflict and Health
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