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Conflict and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#1
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191034/a-novel-bio-psycho-social-approach-for-rehabilitation-of-traumatized-victims-of-torture-and-war-in-the-post-conflict-context-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-kosovo
#2
Shr-Jie Wang, Ardiana Bytyçi, Selvi Izeti, Melita Kallaba, Feride Rushiti, Edith Montgomery, Jens Modvig
BACKGROUND: Some evidence showed that multidisciplinary rehabilitation in Western countries is effective for treating war-related trauma, but it remains unclear whether this approach is applicable to civilians living in resource-poor countries affected by war. In 2012-14, Danish Institute against Torture (DIGNITY) conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT), in partnership with Kosova Rehabilitation Centre for Torture Victims (KRCT), to examine the effects of multidisciplinary intervention among victims of torture and war in Kosovo...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115986/evolution-of-policies-on-human-resources-for-health-opportunities-and-constraints-in-four-post-conflict-and-post-crisis-settings
#3
Sophie Witter, Maria Paola Bertone, Yotamu Chirwa, Justine Namakula, Sovannarith So, Haja R Wurie
BACKGROUND: Few studies look at policy making in the health sector in the aftermath of a conflict or crisis and even fewer specifically focus on Human Resources for Health, which is a critical domain for health sector performance. The main objective of the article is to shed light on the patterns and drivers of post-conflict policy-making. In particular, we explore whether the post -conflict period offers increased chances for the opening of 'windows for opportunity' for change and reform and the potential to reset health systems...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053657/implementation-of-audio-computer-assisted-self-interview-acasi-among-adolescent-girls-in-humanitarian-settings-feasibility-acceptability-and-lessons-learned
#4
Kathryn Falb, Sophie Tanner, Khudejha Asghar, Samir Souidi, Stan Mierzwa, Asham Assazenew, Theresita Bakomere, Pamela Mallinga, Katie Robinette, Woinishet Tibebu, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: Audio-Computer Assisted Self- Interview (ACASI) is a method of data collection in which participants listen to pre-recorded questions through headphones and respond to questions by selecting their answers on a touch screen or keypad, and is seen as advantageous for gathering data on sensitive topics such as experiences of violence. This paper seeks to explore the feasibility and acceptability of using ACASI with adolescent girls and to document the implementation of such an approach in two humanitarian settings: conflict-affected communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and refugee camps along the Sudan-Ethiopia border...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031743/sexual-violence-related-pregnancies-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-analysis-of-access-to-pregnancy-termination-services
#5
Gillian Burkhardt, Jennifer Scott, Monica Adhiambo Onyango, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Michael VanRooyen, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence has been prevalent throughout the armed conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Research on sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs) and pregnancy termination in eastern DRC, a context with high prevalence of sexual violence, high maternal mortality, and restrictive abortion laws, is scant but crucial to improving the overall health of women in the DRC. Understanding women's perceptions and experiences related to an SVRP, and in particular to pregnancy termination in this context, is critical for developing effective, targeted programming...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956938/displaced-populations-due-to-humanitarian-emergencies-and-its-impact-on-global-eradication-and-elimination-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases
#6
Eugene Lam, Michael Diaz, Allen Gidraf Kahindo Maina, Muireann Brennan
Populations affected by humanitarian emergencies may require unique strategies to ensure access to life-saving vaccines and attain sufficiently high population immunity to interrupt virus circulation. Vaccination strategies among displaced populations should not be an afterthought and must be part of the vaccine-preventable disease eradication and elimination initiatives from the start.
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872656/nutritional-situation-among-syrian-refugees-hosted-in-iraq-jordan-and-lebanon-cross-sectional-surveys
#7
S M Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sought to assess the health and nutrition of Syrian refugees affected by the conflict. METHODS: Representative cross-sectional surveys of Syrian refugees were conducted between October 2 and November 30, 2013 in Lebanon, April 12 and May 1, 2014 in Jordan, and May 20 and 31, 2013 in Iraq...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822297/community-based-system-dynamic-as-an-approach-for-understanding-and-acting-on-messy-problems-a-case-study-for-global-mental-health-intervention-in-afghanistan
#8
Jean-Francois Trani, Ellis Ballard, Parul Bakhshi, Peter Hovmand
BACKGROUND: Afghanistan lacks suitable specialized mental healthcare services despite high prevalence of severe mental health disorders which are aggravated by the conflict and numerous daily stressors. Recent studies have shown that Afghans with mental illness are not only deprived of care but are vulnerable in many other ways. Innovative participatory approaches to the design of mental healthcare policies and programs are needed in such challenging context. METHODS: We employed community based system dynamics to examine interactions between multiple factors and actors to examine the problem of persistently low service utilization for people with mental illness...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777613/prevalence-care-seeking-and-health-service-utilization-for-non-communicable-diseases-among-syrian-refugees-and-host-communities-in-lebanon
#9
Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles, Baptiste Hanquart, Michael Woodman
BACKGROUND: Given the large burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among both Syrian refugees and the host communities within which they are settled, humanitarian actors and the government of Lebanon face immense challenges in addressing health needs. This study assessed health status, unmet needs, and utilization of health services among Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708696/differences-in-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-frequency-between-adolescent-palestine-refugee-and-non-refugee-populations-in-jordan-lebanon-syria-and-the-west-bank-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-global-youth-tobacco-survey
#10
Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in Palestine refugee and non-refugee adolescent populations in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank among adolescent Palestine refugees and non-refugees...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679655/why-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-msf-provides-safe-abortion-care-and-what-that-involves
#11
Catrin Schulte-Hillen, Nelly Staderini, Jean-François Saint-Sauveur
MSF responds to needs for the termination of pregnancy, including on request (TPR); it is part of the organization's work aimed at reducing maternal mortality and suffering; and preventing unsafe abortions in the countries where we work. Following the publication of "Why don't humanitarian organizations provide safe abortion care?" we offer an insight into MSF's experience over the past few years. The article looks at the legal concerns and proposes that the importance of addressing maternal mortality should replace them and the operational set-up and action organized in a way that mitigates risks...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651828/the-peacebuilding-potential-of-healthcare-training-programs
#12
Kyle G Ratner, Lindsay B Katona
Global health professionals regularly conduct healthcare trainings, such as first aid courses, in disadvantaged communities across the world. Many of these communities lack healthcare infrastructure because of war and political conflict. The authors draw on their experience conducting a first aid course in South Sudan to provide a perspective on how healthcare trainings for people with no medical background can be used to bridge ethnic, political, and religious differences. They argue that a necessary step for turning a healthcare training into a vehicle for peacebuilding is to bring people from different communities to the same physical space to learn the course material together...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606001/mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-for-south-sudanese-refugees-in-northern-uganda-a-needs-and-resource-assessment
#13
Alex Adaku, James Okello, Blakeley Lowry, Jeremy C Kane, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Wietse A Tol
BACKGROUND: Since December 2013, an armed conflict in South Sudan has resulted in the displacement of over 2.2 million people, more than 270,000 of whom are presently in refugee settlements located throughout Uganda. Existing literature suggests that refugees are at increased risk for a range of mental health and psychosocial problems. There is international consensus on the importance of needs and resource assessments to inform potential mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) interventions...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536335/assessing-the-use-of-the-neighborhood-method-to-estimate-the-prevalence-of-child-separation-a-pilot-in-north-kivu-drc
#14
Hani Mansourian, Beth L Rubenstein, Craig Spencer, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Eva Noble, Anna Skeels, Chiara Ceriotti, Lindsay Stark
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of the 'neighborhood method' to measure the prevalence and basic characteristics of children who became separated from their parents or usual caregivers subsequent to an attack by the M23 militia group in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A two-stage household cluster survey was conducted in 522 households in North Kivu in August 2014. Heads of households were asked about separated children in their household, as well as the households of their two closest neighbors...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489565/mental-health-problems-among-conflict-affected-adults-in-grozny-chechnya-a-qualitative-study
#15
Amanda J Nguyen, Concetta Feo, Kyuri Idrisov, Giovanni Pintaldi, Annick Lenglet, Zalina Tsatsaeva, Paul Bolton, Judith Bass
BACKGROUND: A decade of conflict in Chechnya destroyed infrastructure and resulted in widespread exposure to violence. Amidst substantial reconstruction, periodic violence has contributed to an ongoing atmosphere of insecurity. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the mental health and psychosocial problems affecting adult Chechens in this context to inform development of assessment tools for an evaluation study related to individual counseling. METHODS: Data were collected in July 2014...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486477/erratum-to-evaluation-of-a-surgical-service-in-the-chronic-phase-of-a-refugee-camp-an-example-from-the-thai-myanmar-border
#16
Chathika K Weerasuriya, Saw Oo Tan, Lykourgos Christos Alexakis, Aung Kaung Set, Marcus J Rijken, Paul Martyn, François Nosten, Rose McGready
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/1752-1505-6-5.].
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478499/erratum-to-neonatal-outcomes-of-syrian-refugees-delivered-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#17
Mehmet Büyüktiryaki, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Evrim Alyamaç Dizdar, Nilüfer Okur, Gülsüm Kadıoğlu Şimşek
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13031-015-0066-1.].
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471548/comments-on-the-article-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-the-search-for-universal-health-coverage
#18
Walid Ammar, Alissar Radi, Fadi El-Jardali
This letter intends to clarify information and misconceptions found in the article "Syrian refugees in Lebanon: the search for universal health coverage" which was published June 1st, 2016, and to challenge the core notion of fragmentation as presented by the authors. It also highlights the fact that the article does not recognize the severe shortage in refugees health financing and unmet promises by the international community, and calls for immediate action and far greater support from that community to address the needs of refugees in Lebanon...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441038/excess-mortality-in-refugees-internally-displaced-persons-and-resident-populations-in-complex-humanitarian-emergencies-1998-2012-insights-from-operational-data
#19
Peter Heudtlass, Niko Speybroeck, Debarati Guha-Sapir
BACKGROUND: Complex humanitarian emergencies are characterised by a break-down of health systems. All-cause mortality increases and non-violent excess deaths (predominantly due to infectious diseases) have been shown to outnumber violent deaths even in exceptionally brutal conflicts. However, affected populations are very heterogeneous and refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and resident (non-displaced) populations differ substantially in their access to health services. We aim to show how this translates into health outcomes by quantifying excess all-cause mortality in emergencies by displacement status...
2016: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385976/psychosocial-wellbeing-and-physical-health-among-tamil-schoolchildren-in-northern-sri-lanka
#20
Alexander Hamilton, Charlie Foster, Justin Richards, Rajendra Surenthirakumaran
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders contribute to the global disease burden and have an increased prevalence among children in emergency settings. Good physical health is crucial for mental well-being, although physical health is multifactorial and the nature of this relationship is not fully understood. Using Sri Lanka as a case study, we assessed the baseline levels of, and the association between, mental health and physical health in Tamil school children. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study of mental and physical health in 10 schools in Kilinochchi town in northern Sri Lanka...
2016: Conflict and Health
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