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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

Kaoru Seike, Michiko Nakazato, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Tomihisa Niitsu, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Atsuko Ayabe, Ryoko Otani, Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta
BACKGROUND: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Hiroko Sakuma, Rie Matsumori, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old patient with end-stage esophageal cancer and enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes developed CSS...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Kentaro Usuda, Daisuke Nishi, Miyuki Makino, Hisateru Tachimori, Yutaka Matsuoka, Yo Sano, Takako Konishi, Tadashi Takeshima
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-016-0069-1.].
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Jon Streltzer
This is a history of the International College of Psychosomatic Medicine from 1970 to the present.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Ryoko Sawamoto, Jun Nagano, Eiji Kajiwara, Junko Sonoda, Tetsuya Hiramoto, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62.4 years) were assessed for behavioral patterns (Stress Inventory), QOL (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual), and known prognostic factors at baseline then followed for a maximum of 8 years for disease progression, defined as either the first diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or hepatitis-related death...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
S Nolte, L Erdur, H F Fischer, M Rose, B Palmowski
BACKGROUND: The course of self-reported symptoms during medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy has rarely been documented for outpatient settings. This observational study describes routine practice of ambulatory treatment in Germany and explores self-reported symptoms of a broad patient sample undergoing one (medium-term) versus two years (long-term) of psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Over four and a half years, longitudinal self-report symptom data were collected from 342 outpatients as part of a standardized documentation system...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Kineko Sato, Maki Oikawa, Mai Hiwatashi, Mari Sato, Nobuko Oyamada
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred at 2:46 p.m. on March 11, 2011. The epicenter was off the coast of Miyagi prefecture, and the magnitude of the earthquake was 9.0 with a maximum seismic intensity of 7.0. Although it has already been four years, victims continue to have complex problems. In the stricken areas of Miyagi prefecture, almost ten percent of the residents continue to live in temporary housing. Life altering events that force relocation and a change of living environment are known to adversely affect mental health...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Chisato Ohara, Gen Komaki, Zentaro Yamagata, Mari Hotta, Toshiko Kamo, Tetuya Ando
BACKGROUND: There are no studies about the caregiving burdens in families of patients with eating disorders in Japan, and only limited studies on the role of caregivers' stress coping, social support, and mental health. This study examines caregiving burdens, mental health conditions, and associated factors in caregivers of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients in Japan. METHODS: Seventy-nine principal caregivers (70 mothers, 5 fathers, 3 spouses and 1 grandmother; mean age 56...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Yojiro Umezaki, Anna Miura, Motoko Watanabe, Miho Takenoshita, Akihito Uezato, Akira Toriihara, Toru Nishikawa, Akira Toyofuku
Cenesthopathy is characterized by abnormal and strange bodily sensations and is classified as a 'delusional disorder, somatic type' or 'somatoform disorder' according to the DSM 5. The oral cavity is one of the frequent sites of cenesthopathy, thus the term 'oral cenesthopathy.' Patients with oral cenesthopathy complain of unusual sensations without corresponding abnormal findings in the oral area, such as excessive mucus secretion, a slimy sensation, or a feeling of coils or wires being present within the oral region...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Motoyori Kanazawa, Hiroto Miwa, Ayako Nakagawa, Masanori Kosako, Hiraku Akiho, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND: Abdominal bloating is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). However, it is not included among the required items in the Rome III diagnostic criteria for IBS. Little is known about an impact of abdominal bloating seen in patients with IBS-C. Using a large population-based sample, the aim of the present study was to investigate what is the most bothersome symptom in subjects with IBS-C. METHODS: An Internet survey of 30,000 adults drawn from the general public throughout Japan was conducted to identify subtypes of IBS using the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Hirohito Tsuboi, Hiroshi Hirai, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of impaired quality of life and burden upon societies. Social supports can buffer against depressive symptoms effectively. The aim of this study is to determine the type of social support to have a positive relationship with depressive symptoms in healthy population. METHODS: 11,869 male and 12,763 female residents within the age range of 65-100 were analyzed cross-sectionally with regard to depressive symptoms (evaluated by the Japanese version of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale), social supports (four dimensions: giving or receiving, emotional or instrumental), and covariates utilizing data collected by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Kentaro Usuda, Daisuke Nishi, Miyuki Makino, Hisateru Tachimori, Yutaka Matsuoka, Yo Sano, Takako Konishi, Tadashi Takeshima
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) during pregnancy can have a clearly harmful influence on both mothers and children. Some studies have reported related factors for mental disorders, such as region-specific background. This study examined the prevalence of CMD and its related factors in mid-pregnancy in Japan. METHODS: Pregnant women between 12 and 24 weeks gestation and aged ≥20 years were consecutively recruited at a maternity hospital in Japan between May 2014 and September 2014...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Kenji Kanbara, Mikihiko Fukunaga
Emotional awareness and somatic interoceptive awareness are essential processes for human psychosomatic health. A typical trait of lacking emotional awareness related to psychosomatic symptoms is alexithymia. In contrast, alexisomia refers to the trait of lacking somatic awareness. Links between emotional and somatic awareness and homeostatic processing are also significant for the psychosomatic health. The purpose of the present paper is to review the links among emotional awareness, somatic interoceptive awareness and autonomic homeostatic processing...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Kaoru Seike, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta, Michiko Nakazato
BACKGROUND: Many studies have focused on the decreasing age of onset of eating disorders (EDs). Because school-age children with EDs are likely to suffer worse physical effects than adults, early detection and appropriate support are important. The cooperation of Yogo teachers is essential in helping these students to find appropriate care. To assist Yogo teachers, it is helpful to clarify the encounter rates (the proportion of Yogo teachers who have encountered ED students) and kinds of requested support (which Yogo teachers felt necessary to support ED students)...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Akira Toyofuku
Many dental patients complain of oral symptoms after dental treatment, such as chronic pain or occlusal discomfort, for which the cause remains undetermined. These symptoms are often thought to be mental or emotional in origin, and patients are considered to have an "oral psychosomatic disorder". Representative medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes (MUOS) include burning mouth syndrome, atypical odontalgia, phantom bite syndrome, oral cenesthopathy, or halitophobia. With an increasing prevalence of these MUOS, dentists are being asked to develop new approaches to dental treatment, which include taking care of not only the patient's teeth but also the patient's suffering...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Mari Tadakawa, Takashi Takeda, Yasutake Monma, Shoko Koga, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual disorders such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) interfere with the daily lives of adolescents. The causes of PMS and PMDD are unknown, but lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and taste preference are known to be associated. This study was conducted to investigate how premenstrual symptoms affect the school life in Japanese high school students and whether there was a risk factor for school absenteeism that is dependent on the types of premenstrual symptoms or lifestyle habits...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Asuka Hirose, Masakazu Terauchi, Mihoko Akiyoshi, Yoko Owa, Kiyoko Kato, Toshiro Kubota
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is known to be a factor in various diseases. In this study, we investigated whether physical and psychological symptoms of menopause, cardiovascular parameters, body composition, and lifestyle factors are associated with oxidative stress in middle-aged women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used baseline data collected in a previous study that examined the effects of a dietary supplement on a variety of health parameters in 95 women aged 40 to 60 years...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Tamaki Matsumoto, Tetsuya Kimura, Tatsuya Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Yuzu (Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka), a yellow-golden colored citrus fruit, has traditionally been used to promote psychosomatic health in Japan. While the yuzu produces a distinctive, pleasing aroma of citrus and floral, the efficacy of its fragrance remains unknown. The present study investigated the soothing effects of the fragrance of yuzu essential oil from the perspective of autonomic nervous system activity, which plays a crucial role in the integrity of the mind-body connection...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Atsuko Koyama, Hiromichi Matsuoka, Yoichi Ohtake, Chihiro Makimura, Kiyohiro Sakai, Ryo Sakamoto, Masahiko Murata
BACKGROUND: Cancer care is currently the most important medical issue in Japan. Total pain of cancer patients consists of a combination of four factors: physical, psychological, social distress, and spiritual pain. Previous studies showed female cancer patients ask for more psychological support and seem to suffer different types of distress compared with male patients, for example, appearance-related symptoms. However, other factors of cancer distress related to gender have not been defined comprehensively...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Masaki Iguchi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-015-0045-1.].
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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