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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743938/dysbiotic-drift-and-biopsychosocial-medicine-how-the-microbiome-links-personal-public-and-planetary-health
#1
Susan L Prescott, Ganesa Wegienka, Alan C Logan, David L Katz
The emerging concept of planetary health emphasizes that the health of human civilization is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; here, we focus on the rapidly progressing microbiome science - the microbiota-mental health research in particular - as a way to illustrate the pathways by which exposure to biodiversity supports health. Microbiome science is illuminating the ways in which stress, socioeconomic disadvantage and social polices interact with lifestyle and behaviour to influence the micro and macro-level biodiversity that otherwise mediates health...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713371/association-between-uncooperativeness-and-the-glucose-metabolism-of-patients-with-chronic-behavioral-disorders-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#2
Tomohiro Yamaki, Kosuke Suzuki, Yusuke Sudo, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masahiko Okai, Nobuo Oka, Masaru Odaki
Bakground: Patients with behavioral disorders following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often have disorders of consciousness that make expressing their emotional distress difficult. However, no standard method for assessing the unsettled and unforeseen responses that are associated with behavioral disorders has yet to be established. Because the thalamus is known to play a role in maintaining consciousness and cognition, we used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to examine the association between brain glucose metabolism in the thalamus and behavioral disorders...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643935/changes-in-fatigue-autonomic-functions-and-blood-biomarkers-due-to-sitting-isometric-yoga-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#3
Takakazu Oka, Tokusei Tanahashi, Nobuyuki Sudo, Battuvshin Lkhagvasuren, Yu Yamada
Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial, we found that sitting isometric yoga improves fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who are resistant to conventional therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms behind this finding, focusing on the short-term fatigue-relieving effect, by comparing autonomic nervous function and blood biomarkers before and after a session of isometric yoga. Methods: Fifteen patients with CFS who remained symptomatic despite at least 6 months of conventional therapy practiced sitting isometric yoga (biweekly 20 min practice with a yoga instructor and daily home practice) for eight weeks...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568325/correction-to-purging-behaviors-relate-to-impaired-subjective-sleep-quality-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Tokusei Tanahashi, Keisuke Kawai, Keita Tatsushima, Chihiro Saeki, Kunie Wakabayashi, Naho Tamura, Tetsuya Ando, Toshio Ishikawa
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-017-0107-7.].
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563965/avoiding-diagnostic-errors-in-psychosomatic-medicine-a-case-series-study
#5
Atsuko Koyama, Yoichi Ohtake, Kanae Yasuda, Kiyohiro Sakai, Ryo Sakamoto, Hiromichi Matsuoka, Hirokuni Okumi, Toshiko Yasuda
Background: Non-organic lesions or diseases of unknown origin are sometimes misdiagnosed as "psychogenic" disorders or "psychosomatic" diseases. For the quality of life and safety of patients, recent attention has focused on diagnostic error. The aim of this study was to clarify the factors that affected misdiagnoses in psychosomatic medicine by examining typical cases and to explore strategies that reduce diagnostic errors. Case presentation: The study period was from January 2001 to August 2017...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434655/history-aims-and-present-structure-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-germany
#6
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Johannes Kruse, Stephan Zipfel
Combining its two traditions of integrated psychosomatics in internal medicine and focusing on psychotherapeutic/psychiatric methods in many clinical fields, German psychosomatic medicine has developed well over the last decades. It benefits from its institutional independence and the progressive changes in health care. Clinically, disorder-oriented psychotherapy is a core method integrated with other modes of therapy. As a conceptual base for empirical research, non-reductionist accounts of the interactions of (sick) persons with their environment are most important...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270213/somatic-manifestation-of-distress-clinical-medicine-psychological-and-public-health-perspectives
#7
EDITORIAL
Mutsuhiro Nakao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270212/longitudinal-course-of-eating-disorders-after-transsexual-treatment-a-report-of-two-cases
#8
Maiko Hiraide, Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Makoto Otani, Mami Kayano, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
Background: Several reports have been published on patients with gender dysphoria and eating disorders. However, there have been few reports on the longitudinal course of eating disorders after gender reassignment surgery (GRS)/gender confirmation surgery (GCS). Case presentation: We report two Japanese cases of transsexual persons with eating disorders who underwent GRS/GCS, one male-to-female (MtF) and one female-to-male (FtM). Case 1 was a 35-year MtF person who had a 14-year-course of bulimia nervosa that developed after GRS...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259656/psycho-oncology-in-australia-a-descriptive-review
#9
REVIEW
P Butow, H Dhillon, J Shaw, M Price
Australia has a thriving Psycho-Oncology research and clinical community. In this article, the Australian health system in which Psycho-Oncology is embedded is described. Clinical Psycho-Oncology services are outlined, in terms of their composition, processes and reach. The development of the internationally ground-breaking Australian Psychosocial guidelines for the care of adults with cancer is described. Two large Psycho-Oncology organisations which are strongly linked to mainstream Oncology organisations are discussed: the Australian Psycho-Oncology Society (OzPos, a primarily clinician-led and focused organisation) and the Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group (PoCoG, a national cancer clinical trial group)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238400/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#10
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Mikihiko Fukunaga, Naoko Yunoki
Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. This study was designed to evaluate the relation between alexithymia and LTrPs found the upper trapezius of healthy individuals. Methods: The correlation between LTrPs and alexithymia, and between LTrPs and depression was analyzed in 160 healthy participants (80 male, mean age: 40...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213300/measuring-healthy-behaviours-using-the-stages-of-change-model-an-investigation-into-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviours-of-australian-miners
#11
Sarah J Lacey, Tamara D Street
Background: Obesity is one of the fastest growing modern day epidemics affecting preventable disease and premature deaths. Healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as physical activity and nutritional consumption, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of obesity and obesity related health risks. Originally designed for measurement of unhealthy behaviours, the Stages of Change model, describes 'precontemplators' as individuals who engage in the unhealthy behaviour, are unaware that their behaviour is problematic, and are resistant to change...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201137/development-and-challenges-of-palliative-care-in-indonesia-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#12
REVIEW
Rudi Putranto, Endjad Mudjaddid, Hamzah Shatri, Mizanul Adli, Diah Martina
Purpose of review: To summarize the current status of palliative care and the role of psychosomatic medicine in Indonesia. Recent findings: Palliative care is not a new issue in Indonesia, which has been improving palliative care since 1992 and developed a palliative care policy in 2007 that was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. However, the progress has been slow and varied across the country. Currently, palliative care services are only available in a few major cities, where most of the facilities for cancer treatment are located...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151850/relationships-between-catastrophic-thought-bodily-sensations-and-physical-symptoms
#13
Hiroshi Seto, Mutsuhiro Nakao
Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Somatosensory catastrophizing is the tendency to attribute these bodily sensations to unbearable functional modulation or as signs of serious illness...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026437/impact-of-a-new-medical-network-system-on-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-japan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Junko Moriya, Mami Kayano, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, patients generally have free access to any hospital or clinic. This could lead to reduced efficiency in the treatment for eating disorders (EDs) because there are only a limited number of doctors who can treat ED patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of a new trial system for consultation and appointments, a medical community network (MCN), in outpatient treatment for EDs. MCN schedules appointments for the first visit only by referral from another medical institution, not by patients themselves...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#15
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#16
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878816/a-child-with-anorexia-nervosa-presenting-with-severe-infection-with-cytopenia-and-hemophagocytosis-a-case-report
#17
Masao Suda, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masahiro Kinosita, Michiko Matsuoka, Shuichi Ozono, Yasushi Otsu, Yushiro Yamashita, Toyojiro Matsuishi
BACKGROUND: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#18
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824707/purging-behaviors-relate-to-impaired-subjective-sleep-quality-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Tokusei Tanahashi, Keisuke Kawai, Keita Tatsushima, Chihiro Saeki, Kunie Wakabayashi, Naho Tamura, Tetsuya Ando, Toshio Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785306/clinical-features-of-atypical-odontalgia-three-cases-and-literature-reviews
#20
Miho Takenoshita, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Rou Mikuzuki, Shiori Sugawara, Trang Thi Huyen Tu, Kaoru Kawasaki, Takeru Kyuragi, Yojiro Umezaki, Akira Toyofuku
BACKGROUND: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. CASE PRESENTATION: In the first case, a 58-year-old woman presented with a heavy, splitting pain in the four maxillary front post-crown teeth, as if they were being pressed from the side...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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