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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151850/relationships-between-catastrophic-thought-bodily-sensations-and-physical-symptoms
#1
Hiroshi Seto, Mutsuhiro Nakao
Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Somatosensory catastrophizing is the tendency to attribute these bodily sensations to unbearable functional modulation or as signs of serious illness...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026437/impact-of-a-new-medical-network-system-on-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-japan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Junko Moriya, Mami Kayano, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, patients generally have free access to any hospital or clinic. This could lead to reduced efficiency in the treatment for eating disorders (EDs) because there are only a limited number of doctors who can treat ED patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of a new trial system for consultation and appointments, a medical community network (MCN), in outpatient treatment for EDs. MCN schedules appointments for the first visit only by referral from another medical institution, not by patients themselves...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#3
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#4
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878816/a-child-with-anorexia-nervosa-presenting-with-severe-infection-with-cytopenia-and-hemophagocytosis-a-case-report
#5
Masao Suda, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masahiro Kinosita, Michiko Matsuoka, Shuichi Ozono, Yasushi Otsu, Yushiro Yamashita, Toyojiro Matsuishi
BACKGROUND: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#6
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824707/purging-behaviors-relate-to-impaired-subjective-sleep-quality-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Tokusei Tanahashi, Keisuke Kawai, Keita Tatsushima, Chihiro Saeki, Kunie Wakabayashi, Naho Tamura, Tetsuya Ando, Toshio Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785306/clinical-features-of-atypical-odontalgia-three-cases-and-literature-reviews
#8
Miho Takenoshita, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Rou Mikuzuki, Shiori Sugawara, Trang Thi Huyen Tu, Kaoru Kawasaki, Takeru Kyuragi, Yojiro Umezaki, Akira Toyofuku
BACKGROUND: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. CASE PRESENTATION: In the first case, a 58-year-old woman presented with a heavy, splitting pain in the four maxillary front post-crown teeth, as if they were being pressed from the side...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706562/psychological-health-and-religious-coping-of-ghanaian-women-with-infertility
#9
Mabel Oti-Boadi, Kwaku Oppong Asante
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. This study examines the relationship between positive and negative religious coping and psychological health for women with infertility problems in Ghana...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690671/association-between-the-blood-concentrations-of-ammonia-and-carnitine-amino-acid-of-schizophrenic-patients-treated-with-valproic-acid
#10
Masazumi Ando, Hideaki Amayasu, Takahiro Itai, Hisahiro Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. METHOD: Blood samples (10 mL) were obtained from 37 schizophrenic patients receiving VPA for the prevention of violent behaviors in the morning after overnight fast...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670336/the-relationship-between-salivary-amylase-and-the-physical-and-psychological-changes-elicited-by-continuation-of-autogenic-training-in-patients-with-functional-somatic-syndrome
#11
Tadashi Kiba, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Fumie Kato, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Kazumi Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Junji Nishiyama, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes. METHODS: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670335/clinical-features-of-outpatients-with-somatization-symptoms-treated-at-a-japanese-psychosomatic-medicine-clinic
#12
Yuzo Nakamura, Takeaki Takeuchi, Kazuaki Hashimoto, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. METHOD: The subjects were 871 patients who newly visited the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University Omori Medical Center between January and December of 2015...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#13
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592990/predictors-of-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-two-year-follow-up
#14
Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomoe Nishihara, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469700/psycho-oncology-in-korea-past-present-and-future
#16
REVIEW
Hyun Jeong Lee, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Jong-Heun Kim
BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. MAIN BODY: Before the 1990s, patients with cancer with psychiatric comorbidities were usually taken care of by consultation-liaison psychiatrists in general hospitals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413438/a-case-report-of-brief-psychotic-disorder-with-catalepsy-associated-with-sequential-life-threatening-events-in-a-patient-with-advanced-cancer
#17
Mayumi Ishida, Satoshi Kawada, Hideki Onishi
BACKGROUND: Cancer is commonly perceived as life-threatening and universally stressful; however, brief psychotic disorder, which occurs in response to extremely stressful events, has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, became unresponsive with very little reaction to verbal contact after sequential life-threatening events, such as thrombosis of both pulmonary arteries and stenosis of the third portion of the duodenum, due to disease progression over 3 weeks beginning with oncological emergency hospital admission...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#18
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392830/psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-japanese-adolescents
#19
Tomoyo Mitsui, Toshiyuki Yoshida, Gen Komaki
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample. METHODS: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331539/randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-iv-pilot-study-of-ramosetron-to-evaluate-the-co-primary-end-points-in-male-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#20
Motoko Ida, Akito Nishida, Hiraku Akiho, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Kei Matsueda, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND: Global assessment allows patients to assess improvement in multiple irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms" in addition to global assessment to show how ramosetron is effective for individual IBS symptoms. This is a pilot study to explore clinical endpoints focusing on the chief complaint of patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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