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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270213/somatic-manifestation-of-distress-clinical-medicine-psychological-and-public-health-perspectives
#1
EDITORIAL
Mutsuhiro Nakao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270212/longitudinal-course-of-eating-disorders-after-transsexual-treatment-a-report-of-two-cases
#2
Maiko Hiraide, Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Makoto Otani, Mami Kayano, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
Background: Several reports have been published on patients with gender dysphoria and eating disorders. However, there have been few reports on the longitudinal course of eating disorders after gender reassignment surgery (GRS)/gender confirmation surgery (GCS). Case presentation: We report two Japanese cases of transsexual persons with eating disorders who underwent GRS/GCS, one male-to-female (MtF) and one female-to-male (FtM). Case 1 was a 35-year MtF person who had a 14-year-course of bulimia nervosa that developed after GRS...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259656/psycho-oncology-in-australia-a-descriptive-review
#3
REVIEW
P Butow, H Dhillon, J Shaw, M Price
Australia has a thriving Psycho-Oncology research and clinical community. In this article, the Australian health system in which Psycho-Oncology is embedded is described. Clinical Psycho-Oncology services are outlined, in terms of their composition, processes and reach. The development of the internationally ground-breaking Australian Psychosocial guidelines for the care of adults with cancer is described. Two large Psycho-Oncology organisations which are strongly linked to mainstream Oncology organisations are discussed: the Australian Psycho-Oncology Society (OzPos, a primarily clinician-led and focused organisation) and the Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group (PoCoG, a national cancer clinical trial group)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238400/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#4
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Mikihiko Fukunaga, Naoko Yunoki
Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. This study was designed to evaluate the relation between alexithymia and LTrPs found the upper trapezius of healthy individuals. Methods: The correlation between LTrPs and alexithymia, and between LTrPs and depression was analyzed in 160 healthy participants (80 male, mean age: 40...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213300/measuring-healthy-behaviours-using-the-stages-of-change-model-an-investigation-into-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviours-of-australian-miners
#5
Sarah J Lacey, Tamara D Street
Background: Obesity is one of the fastest growing modern day epidemics affecting preventable disease and premature deaths. Healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as physical activity and nutritional consumption, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of obesity and obesity related health risks. Originally designed for measurement of unhealthy behaviours, the Stages of Change model, describes 'precontemplators' as individuals who engage in the unhealthy behaviour, are unaware that their behaviour is problematic, and are resistant to change...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201137/development-and-challenges-of-palliative-care-in-indonesia-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Rudi Putranto, Endjad Mudjaddid, Hamzah Shatri, Mizanul Adli, Diah Martina
Purpose of review: To summarize the current status of palliative care and the role of psychosomatic medicine in Indonesia. Recent findings: Palliative care is not a new issue in Indonesia, which has been improving palliative care since 1992 and developed a palliative care policy in 2007 that was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. However, the progress has been slow and varied across the country. Currently, palliative care services are only available in a few major cities, where most of the facilities for cancer treatment are located...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151850/relationships-between-catastrophic-thought-bodily-sensations-and-physical-symptoms
#7
Hiroshi Seto, Mutsuhiro Nakao
Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Somatosensory catastrophizing is the tendency to attribute these bodily sensations to unbearable functional modulation or as signs of serious illness...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026437/impact-of-a-new-medical-network-system-on-the-efficiency-of-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-japan-a-retrospective-observational-study
#8
Junko Moriya, Mami Kayano, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, patients generally have free access to any hospital or clinic. This could lead to reduced efficiency in the treatment for eating disorders (EDs) because there are only a limited number of doctors who can treat ED patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of a new trial system for consultation and appointments, a medical community network (MCN), in outpatient treatment for EDs. MCN schedules appointments for the first visit only by referral from another medical institution, not by patients themselves...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#9
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#10
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878816/a-child-with-anorexia-nervosa-presenting-with-severe-infection-with-cytopenia-and-hemophagocytosis-a-case-report
#11
Masao Suda, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masahiro Kinosita, Michiko Matsuoka, Shuichi Ozono, Yasushi Otsu, Yushiro Yamashita, Toyojiro Matsuishi
BACKGROUND: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#12
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824707/purging-behaviors-relate-to-impaired-subjective-sleep-quality-in-female-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Tokusei Tanahashi, Keisuke Kawai, Keita Tatsushima, Chihiro Saeki, Kunie Wakabayashi, Naho Tamura, Tetsuya Ando, Toshio Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785306/clinical-features-of-atypical-odontalgia-three-cases-and-literature-reviews
#14
Miho Takenoshita, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Rou Mikuzuki, Shiori Sugawara, Trang Thi Huyen Tu, Kaoru Kawasaki, Takeru Kyuragi, Yojiro Umezaki, Akira Toyofuku
BACKGROUND: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. CASE PRESENTATION: In the first case, a 58-year-old woman presented with a heavy, splitting pain in the four maxillary front post-crown teeth, as if they were being pressed from the side...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706562/psychological-health-and-religious-coping-of-ghanaian-women-with-infertility
#15
Mabel Oti-Boadi, Kwaku Oppong Asante
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. This study examines the relationship between positive and negative religious coping and psychological health for women with infertility problems in Ghana...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690671/association-between-the-blood-concentrations-of-ammonia-and-carnitine-amino-acid-of-schizophrenic-patients-treated-with-valproic-acid
#16
Masazumi Ando, Hideaki Amayasu, Takahiro Itai, Hisahiro Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. METHOD: Blood samples (10 mL) were obtained from 37 schizophrenic patients receiving VPA for the prevention of violent behaviors in the morning after overnight fast...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670336/the-relationship-between-salivary-amylase-and-the-physical-and-psychological-changes-elicited-by-continuation-of-autogenic-training-in-patients-with-functional-somatic-syndrome
#17
Tadashi Kiba, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Fumie Kato, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Kazumi Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Junji Nishiyama, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes. METHODS: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670335/clinical-features-of-outpatients-with-somatization-symptoms-treated-at-a-japanese-psychosomatic-medicine-clinic
#18
Yuzo Nakamura, Takeaki Takeuchi, Kazuaki Hashimoto, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. METHOD: The subjects were 871 patients who newly visited the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University Omori Medical Center between January and December of 2015...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#19
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592990/predictors-of-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-two-year-follow-up
#20
Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomoe Nishihara, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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