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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706562/psychological-health-and-religious-coping-of-ghanaian-women-with-infertility
#1
Mabel Oti-Boadi, Kwaku Oppong Asante
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. This study examines the relationship between positive and negative religious coping and psychological health for women with infertility problems in Ghana...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690671/association-between-the-blood-concentrations-of-ammonia-and-carnitine-amino-acid-of-schizophrenic-patients-treated-with-valproic-acid
#2
Masazumi Ando, Hideaki Amayasu, Takahiro Itai, Hisahiro Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. METHOD: Blood samples (10 mL) were obtained from 37 schizophrenic patients receiving VPA for the prevention of violent behaviors in the morning after overnight fast...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670336/the-relationship-between-salivary-amylase-and-the-physical-and-psychological-changes-elicited-by-continuation-of-autogenic-training-in-patients-with-functional-somatic-syndrome
#3
Tadashi Kiba, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Fumie Kato, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Kazumi Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Junji Nishiyama, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes. METHODS: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670335/clinical-features-of-outpatients-with-somatization-symptoms-treated-at-a-japanese-psychosomatic-medicine-clinic
#4
Yuzo Nakamura, Takeaki Takeuchi, Kazuaki Hashimoto, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. METHOD: The subjects were 871 patients who newly visited the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University Omori Medical Center between January and December of 2015...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#5
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592990/predictors-of-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-two-year-follow-up
#6
Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomoe Nishihara, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469700/psycho-oncology-in-korea-past-present-and-future
#8
REVIEW
Hyun Jeong Lee, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Eun-Jung Shim, Bong-Jin Hahm, Jong-Heun Kim
BACKGROUND: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. MAIN BODY: Before the 1990s, patients with cancer with psychiatric comorbidities were usually taken care of by consultation-liaison psychiatrists in general hospitals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413438/a-case-report-of-brief-psychotic-disorder-with-catalepsy-associated-with-sequential-life-threatening-events-in-a-patient-with-advanced-cancer
#9
Mayumi Ishida, Satoshi Kawada, Hideki Onishi
BACKGROUND: Cancer is commonly perceived as life-threatening and universally stressful; however, brief psychotic disorder, which occurs in response to extremely stressful events, has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, became unresponsive with very little reaction to verbal contact after sequential life-threatening events, such as thrombosis of both pulmonary arteries and stenosis of the third portion of the duodenum, due to disease progression over 3 weeks beginning with oncological emergency hospital admission...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#10
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392830/psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-japanese-adolescents
#11
Tomoyo Mitsui, Toshiyuki Yoshida, Gen Komaki
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample. METHODS: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331539/randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-iv-pilot-study-of-ramosetron-to-evaluate-the-co-primary-end-points-in-male-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#12
Motoko Ida, Akito Nishida, Hiraku Akiho, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Kei Matsueda, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND: Global assessment allows patients to assess improvement in multiple irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms" in addition to global assessment to show how ramosetron is effective for individual IBS symptoms. This is a pilot study to explore clinical endpoints focusing on the chief complaint of patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293280/evaluation-of-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-severity-index-in-japanese-male-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea
#13
Motoko Ida, Akito Nishida, Hiraku Akiho, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Kei Matsueda, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that ramosetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist, achieves global improvement in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in male patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). However, in addition to global assessment it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms". We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study to explore and examine efficacy variables that allow such evaluation of ramosetron in male patients with IBS-D...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270860/development-of-a-recumbent-isometric-yoga-program-for-patients-with-severe-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-pilot-study-to-assess-feasibility-and-efficacy
#14
Takakazu Oka, Hisako Wakita, Keishin Kimura
BACKGROUND: Our previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that isometric yoga in a sitting position reduces fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). However, some patients experience difficulties sitting or practicing isometric yoga in a sitting position for long periods. To date, therapeutic interventions for patients with severe symptoms have not been established. Therefore, we developed a recumbent isometric yoga program, which takes approximately 20 min to complete, designed to reduce fatigue in patients with severe CFS/ME...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203272/job-crafting-work-engagement-and-psychological-distress-among-japanese-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Asuka Sakuraya, Akihito Shimazu, Hisashi Eguchi, Kimika Kamiyama, Yujiro Hara, Katsuyuki Namba, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184240/assessing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-malagasy-version-of-oral-impacts-on-daily-performance-oidp-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Noeline Razanamihaja, Eva Ranivoharilanto
BACKGROUND: Evaluating health needs includes measures of the impact of state of health on the quality of life. This entails evaluating the psychosocial aspects of health. To achieve this, several tools for measuring the quality of life related to oral health have been developed. However, it is vital to evaluate the psychometric properties of these tools so they can be used in a new context and on a new population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Malagasy version of a questionnaire for studying the impacts of oral-dental health on daily activities (Oral Impacts on Daily Performance), and analyse the interrelations between the scores obtained and the oral health indicators...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163776/tolerable-pain-reduces-gastric-fundal-accommodation-and-gastric-motility-in-healthy-subjects-a-crossover-ultrasonographic-study
#17
Hideaki Hasuo, Hiroaki Kusunoki, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Naoko Yunoki, Ken Haruma, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Obstacles to pain management include patients' reluctance to inform healthcare provides about their pain, and differences in the pain management aims between patients and healthcare providers. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether tolerable pain influences gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects. METHODS: We undertook a crossover comparison study to evaluate gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in 74 healthy subjects in the presence or absence of tolerable pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#19
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999614/history-concepts-and-aims-of-internationally-active-societies-in-psychosomatic-and-behavioural-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Hans-Christian Deter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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