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BioPsychoSocial Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891176/a-series-of-patients-with-purging-type-anorexia-nervosa-who-do-tube-vomiting
#1
Takeshi Horie, Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Maiko Hiraide, Shuji Inada, Makoto Otani, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: It is important for clinicians to assess their patients' purging behavior. Various methods of purging, such as self-induced vomiting are well-known. Because patients do not always report their purging behavior, knowing the clinical signs that indicate the behavior is useful. However, we have experienced patients who did not have the reported physical signs of self-induced vomiting because they used hoses instead of their fingers to purge their stomach contents, which they call "tube vomiting"...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822296/risk-assessment-for-job-burnout-with-a-mobile-health-web-application-using-questionnaire-data-a-proof-of-concept-study
#2
Roland von Känel, Marc van Nuffel, Walther J Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Job burnout has become a rampant epidemic in working societies, causing high productivity loss and healthcare costs. An easy accessible tool to detect clinically relevant risk may bear the potential to timely avert the dire sequelae of burnout. As a start, we performed a proof of concept study to test the utilization of a mobile health web application for a free and anonymous burnout risk assessment with established questionnaires. METHODS: We designed a client-side javascript web application for users who filled out demographic and psychometric data forms over the internet...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777612/factors-associated-with-pain-level-in-non-cardiac-chest-pain-patients-with-comorbid-panic-disorder
#3
Guillaume Foldes-Busque, Stéphanie Hamel, Geneviève Belleville, Richard Fleet, Julien Poitras, Jean-Marc Chauny, Alain Vadeboncoeur, Kim L Lavoie, André Marchand
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder (PD) is highly prevalent in patients with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). This study aims to explore the role of psychological factors (PD intensity, anxiety sensitivity, heart-related fear, attention and avoidance) common to NCCP and PD in predicting chest pain levels in patients with both conditions. METHODS: This association was investigated in emergency department patients with NCCP and PD receiving either evidence-based treatment of PD or treatment as usual...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777611/what-inhibits-working-women-with-mental-disorders-from-returning-to-their-workplace-a-study-of-systematic-re-employment-support-in-a-medical-institution
#4
Karin Hayashi, Yoichi Taira, Takamitsu Maeda, Yumie Matsuda, Yuki Kato, Kozue Hashi, Nobuo Kuroki, Shuichi Katsuragawa
BACKGROUND: It has been customary for working women in Japan to retire when they marry and to devote themselves to household work as well as having children. However, according to a report published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2013, the number of working women has increased consistently. As more women are advancing into society, they have more options with respect to lifestyle but may encounter new psychological burdens. Therefore, we reviewed trends among participants in a re-work day care program (hereinafter referred to as "re-work program") to clarify various problems encountered by working women and the prevalence of mental disorders...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708695/a-questionnaire-survey-regarding-the-support-needed-by-yogo-teachers-to-take-care-of-students-suspected-of-having-eating-disorders-second-report
#5
Kaoru Seike, Michiko Nakazato, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Tomihisa Niitsu, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Atsuko Ayabe, Ryoko Otani, Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta
BACKGROUND: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602053/self-controllable-prodromal-symptoms-of-syncope-attributed-to-carotid-sinus-syndrome-during-the-end-stage-of-cancer-a-case-report
#6
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Hiroko Sakuma, Rie Matsumori, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old patient with end-stage esophageal cancer and enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes developed CSS...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602052/erratum-to-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-during-pregnancy-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Kentaro Usuda, Daisuke Nishi, Miyuki Makino, Hisateru Tachimori, Yutaka Matsuoka, Yo Sano, Takako Konishi, Tadashi Takeshima
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-016-0069-1.].
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563345/the-international-college-of-psychosomatic-medicine-a-personal-history
#8
REVIEW
Jon Streltzer
This is a history of the International College of Psychosomatic Medicine from 1970 to the present.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478498/inhibition-of-emotional-needs-and-emotional-wellbeing-predict-disease-progression-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-an-8-year-prospective-study
#9
Ryoko Sawamoto, Jun Nagano, Eiji Kajiwara, Junko Sonoda, Tetsuya Hiramoto, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62.4 years) were assessed for behavioral patterns (Stress Inventory), QOL (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual), and known prognostic factors at baseline then followed for a maximum of 8 years for disease progression, defined as either the first diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or hepatitis-related death...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478497/course-of-self-reported-symptoms-of-342-outpatients-receiving-medium-versus-long-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#10
S Nolte, L Erdur, H F Fischer, M Rose, B Palmowski
BACKGROUND: The course of self-reported symptoms during medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy has rarely been documented for outpatient settings. This observational study describes routine practice of ambulatory treatment in Germany and explores self-reported symptoms of a broad patient sample undergoing one (medium-term) versus two years (long-term) of psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Over four and a half years, longitudinal self-report symptom data were collected from 342 outpatients as part of a standardized documentation system...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354853/factors-relating-to-the-mental-health-of-women-who-were-pregnant-at-the-time-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-analysis-from-month-10-to-month-48-after-the-earthquake
#11
Kineko Sato, Maki Oikawa, Mai Hiwatashi, Mari Sato, Nobuko Oyamada
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred at 2:46 p.m. on March 11, 2011. The epicenter was off the coast of Miyagi prefecture, and the magnitude of the earthquake was 9.0 with a maximum seismic intensity of 7.0. Although it has already been four years, victims continue to have complex problems. In the stricken areas of Miyagi prefecture, almost ten percent of the residents continue to live in temporary housing. Life altering events that force relocation and a change of living environment are known to adversely affect mental health...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340430/factors-associated-with-caregiving-burden-and-mental-health-conditions-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-japan
#12
Chisato Ohara, Gen Komaki, Zentaro Yamagata, Mari Hotta, Toshiko Kamo, Tetuya Ando
BACKGROUND: There are no studies about the caregiving burdens in families of patients with eating disorders in Japan, and only limited studies on the role of caregivers' stress coping, social support, and mental health. This study examines caregiving burdens, mental health conditions, and associated factors in caregivers of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients in Japan. METHODS: Seventy-nine principal caregivers (70 mothers, 5 fathers, 3 spouses and 1 grandmother; mean age 56...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293481/oral-cenesthopathy
#13
REVIEW
Yojiro Umezaki, Anna Miura, Motoko Watanabe, Miho Takenoshita, Akihito Uezato, Akira Toriihara, Toru Nishikawa, Akira Toyofuku
Cenesthopathy is characterized by abnormal and strange bodily sensations and is classified as a 'delusional disorder, somatic type' or 'somatoform disorder' according to the DSM 5. The oral cavity is one of the frequent sites of cenesthopathy, thus the term 'oral cenesthopathy.' Patients with oral cenesthopathy complain of unusual sensations without corresponding abnormal findings in the oral area, such as excessive mucus secretion, a slimy sensation, or a feeling of coils or wires being present within the oral region...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274765/abdominal-bloating-is-the-most-bothersome-symptom-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-constipation-ibs-c-a-large-population-based-internet-survey-in-japan
#14
Motoyori Kanazawa, Hiroto Miwa, Ayako Nakagawa, Masanori Kosako, Hiraku Akiho, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND: Abdominal bloating is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). However, it is not included among the required items in the Rome III diagnostic criteria for IBS. Little is known about an impact of abdominal bloating seen in patients with IBS-C. Using a large population-based sample, the aim of the present study was to investigate what is the most bothersome symptom in subjects with IBS-C. METHODS: An Internet survey of 30,000 adults drawn from the general public throughout Japan was conducted to identify subtypes of IBS using the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226808/giving-social-support-to-outside-family-may-be-a-desirable-buffer-against-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-japan-gerontological-evaluation-study
#15
Hirohito Tsuboi, Hiroshi Hirai, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of impaired quality of life and burden upon societies. Social supports can buffer against depressive symptoms effectively. The aim of this study is to determine the type of social support to have a positive relationship with depressive symptoms in healthy population. METHODS: 11,869 male and 12,763 female residents within the age range of 65-100 were analyzed cross-sectionally with regard to depressive symptoms (evaluated by the Japanese version of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale), social supports (four dimensions: giving or receiving, emotional or instrumental), and covariates utilizing data collected by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213012/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-during-pregnancy-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kentaro Usuda, Daisuke Nishi, Miyuki Makino, Hisateru Tachimori, Yutaka Matsuoka, Yo Sano, Takako Konishi, Tadashi Takeshima
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) during pregnancy can have a clearly harmful influence on both mothers and children. Some studies have reported related factors for mental disorders, such as region-specific background. This study examined the prevalence of CMD and its related factors in mid-pregnancy in Japan. METHODS: Pregnant women between 12 and 24 weeks gestation and aged ≥20 years were consecutively recruited at a maternity hospital in Japan between May 2014 and September 2014...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175214/links-among-emotional-awareness-somatic-awareness-and-autonomic-homeostatic-processing
#17
REVIEW
Kenji Kanbara, Mikihiko Fukunaga
Emotional awareness and somatic interoceptive awareness are essential processes for human psychosomatic health. A typical trait of lacking emotional awareness related to psychosomatic symptoms is alexithymia. In contrast, alexisomia refers to the trait of lacking somatic awareness. Links between emotional and somatic awareness and homeostatic processing are also significant for the psychosomatic health. The purpose of the present paper is to review the links among emotional awareness, somatic interoceptive awareness and autonomic homeostatic processing...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168762/a-questionnaire-survey-of-the-type-of-support-required-by-yogo-teachers-to-effectively-manage-students-suspected-of-having-an-eating-disorder
#18
Kaoru Seike, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta, Michiko Nakazato
BACKGROUND: Many studies have focused on the decreasing age of onset of eating disorders (EDs). Because school-age children with EDs are likely to suffer worse physical effects than adults, early detection and appropriate support are important. The cooperation of Yogo teachers is essential in helping these students to find appropriate care. To assist Yogo teachers, it is helpful to clarify the encounter rates (the proportion of Yogo teachers who have encountered ED students) and kinds of requested support (which Yogo teachers felt necessary to support ED students)...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134647/psychosomatic-problems-in-dentistry
#19
REVIEW
Akira Toyofuku
Many dental patients complain of oral symptoms after dental treatment, such as chronic pain or occlusal discomfort, for which the cause remains undetermined. These symptoms are often thought to be mental or emotional in origin, and patients are considered to have an "oral psychosomatic disorder". Representative medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes (MUOS) include burning mouth syndrome, atypical odontalgia, phantom bite syndrome, oral cenesthopathy, or halitophobia. With an increasing prevalence of these MUOS, dentists are being asked to develop new approaches to dental treatment, which include taking care of not only the patient's teeth but also the patient's suffering...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118993/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-school-absenteeism-due-to-premenstrual-disorders-in-japanese-high-school-students-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Mari Tadakawa, Takashi Takeda, Yasutake Monma, Shoko Koga, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual disorders such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) interfere with the daily lives of adolescents. The causes of PMS and PMDD are unknown, but lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and taste preference are known to be associated. This study was conducted to investigate how premenstrual symptoms affect the school life in Japanese high school students and whether there was a risk factor for school absenteeism that is dependent on the types of premenstrual symptoms or lifestyle habits...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
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