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European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811842/the-effect-of-three-different-exercise-training-modalities-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-in-a-healthy-older-population
#1
Carla Coetsee, Elmarie Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Older adults are encouraged to participate in regular physical activity to counter the age-related declines in physical and cognitive health. Literature on the effect of different exercise training modalities (aerobic vs resistance) on these health-related outcomes is not only sparse, but results are inconsistent. In general, it is believed that exercise has a positive effect on executive cognitive function, possibly because of the physiological adaptations through increases in fitness...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770013/relational-developmental-systems-metatheory-a-conceptual-framework-to-understand-and-promote-older-adults-involvement-in-sport
#2
REVIEW
Amy M Gayman, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Joseph Baker
Sport is viewed as a vehicle to develop or augment adaptive developmental processes, resources, and experiences across the lifespan. However, research has acknowledged that sport participation is associated with costs as well as benefits in older adulthood. To fully understand the influence of sport participation on psychosocial and developmental outcomes in older people, insight into the dynamic and complex relationship between the individual and his/her environment is needed. This review proposes Relational Developmental Systems (RDS) metatheory as a conceptual framework to understand the outcomes of sport participation later in life...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729887/whole-body-vibration-training-improves-balance-control-and-sit-to-stand-performance-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ming-Chen Ko, Long-Shan Wu, Sangwoo Lee, Chien-Chun Wang, Po-Fu Lee, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chien-Chang Ho
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with decreased balance, which increases falling risk. The objective of the current study was to determine the feasibility and effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on knee extensor muscle power, limits of stability, and sit-to-stand performance among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults in the United States. METHODS: A randomized pilot study with participant blinding was conducted. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment and compliance rate...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717404/physical-activity-does-not-alter-prolactin-levels-in-post-menopausal-women-results-from-a-dose-response-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Darren R Brenner, Yibing Ruan, Andria R Morielli, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Increased circulating levels of prolactin have been associated with increased risk of both in situ and invasive breast cancer. We investigated whether or not physical activity had a dose-response effect in lowering plasma levels of prolactin in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Four hundred previously inactive but healthy postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years of age were randomized to 150 or 300 min per week of aerobic physical activity in a year-long intervention...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680504/association-between-handgrip-strength-walking-age-related-illnesses-and-cognitive-status-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-centenarians
#5
Maria Vaz-Patto, Belén Bueno, Óscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Rosa Marina Afonso
BACKGROUND: Centenarians are a growing population in Europe and present significant variability in motor and cognitive functions. The aim of our study was to characterize health status, as well as cognitive and motor functions in a group of Portuguese centenarians. In addition, our study also aimed at analyzing the relationship between cognitive functions and the burden of diseases affecting the elderly. METHODS: Fifty-two centenarians were evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination, short version...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572857/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-men-after-12%C3%A2-weeks-of-strength-training
#6
Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Tonje Holte Stea, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Ken Hetlelid, Gøran Paulsen, Sveinung Berntsen
BACKGROUND: Muscular strength is associated with functional ability in elderly, and older adults are recommended to perform muscle-strengthening exercise. Understanding how improved muscle strength and -mass influence general and specific domains of quality of life is important when planning health promotion efforts targeting older adults. The aims of the present study were to describe changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older men participating in 12 weeks of systematic strength training, and to investigate whether improvements in muscle strength and muscle mass are associated with enhancements in HRQOL...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515794/influence-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-on-the-urine-ph-in-elderly-female-subjects-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Megumi Hara, Noriko Hirao, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takuro Tobina, Masaharu Ikeda, Hiroshi Yamato, Masanori Ohta
BACKGROUND: A low urine pH is a characteristic metabolic feature of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week home-based bench step exercise on the urine pH status of elderly female subjects. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 59 postmenopausal female subjects were randomized to either the exercise group (n = 29) or the control group (n = 30)...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515793/does-the-diurnal-cycle-of-cortisol-explain-the-relationship-between-physical-performance-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#8
B Dijckmans, J Tortosa-Martínez, N Caus, G González-Caballero, B Martínez-Pelegrin, C Manchado-Lopez, J M Cortell-Tormo, I Chulvi-Medrano, A Clow
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is a promising strategy to treat and prevent cognitive decline. The mechanisms that mediate these benefits are not fully clear but physical activity is thought to attenuate the harmful effects of chronic psychological stress and hypercortisolism on cognition. However, the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is complex and it is not known which aspects are most closely associated with increased cognitive function and better physical performance...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450961/evaluation-of-hip-abductor-and-adductor-strength-in-the-elderly-a-reliability-study
#9
Simone Gafner, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, Philippe Terrier, Ilona Punt, Serge Ferrari, Gabriel Gold, Rob de Bie, Lara Allet
BACKGROUND: In elderly individuals an increased muscle strength contributes to the diminution of the falls risk and associated adverse events. An increasing interest in lateral control exists due to the fatal consequences of postero-lateral falls. Therefore a proper assessment of frontal plane hip muscle strength in elderly is important but remains challenging. Therefore we aimed to investigate the feasibility and repeatability of a hip abductor and adductor maximum voluntary isometric strength (MVIS) and rate of force generation (RFG) test in elderly...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286578/validity-of-the-microsoft-kinect-system-in-assessment-of-compensatory-stepping-behavior-during-standing-and-treadmill-walking
#10
Guy Shani, Amir Shapiro, Goldstein Oded, Kagan Dima, Itshak Melzer
BACKGROUND: Rapid compensatory stepping plays an important role in preventing falls when balance is lost; however, these responses cannot be accurately quantified in the clinic. The Microsoft Kinect™ system provides real-time anatomical landmark position data in three dimensions (3D), which may bridge this gap. METHODS: Compensatory stepping reactions were evoked in 8 young adults by a sudden platform horizontal motion on which the subject stood or walked on a treadmill...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270866/a-systematic-review-of-gait-perturbation-paradigms-for-improving-reactive-stepping-responses-and-falls-risk-among-healthy-older-adults
#11
REVIEW
Christopher McCrum, Marissa H G Gerards, Kiros Karamanidis, Wiebren Zijlstra, Kenneth Meijer
BACKGROUND: Falls are a leading cause of injury among older adults and most often occur during walking. While strength and balance training moderately improve falls risk, training reactive recovery responses following sudden perturbations during walking may be more task-specific for falls prevention. The aim of this review was to determine the variety, characteristics and effectiveness of gait perturbation paradigms that have been used for improving reactive recovery responses during walking and reducing falls among healthy older adults...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203305/perceptions-of-physical-activity-among-elderly-residents-and-professionals-in-assisted-living-facilities
#12
Annsofie Mahrs Träff, Elisabet Cedersund, Catharina Nord
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is often described as being important for people of all ages, but what different people mean when they talk about physical activity is unclear. METHOD: A phenomenographic method was used to analyze how 13 older people and 17 professionals answer the question, "If I say physical activity, what does the concept mean to you?" as part of semi-structured interviews conducted in four assisted living facilities in two different municipalities...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074110/an-exploratory-study-on-the-impact-of-daily-activities-on-the-pleasure-and-physical-activity-of-older-adults
#13
Miriam Cabrita, Richel Lousberg, Monique Tabak, Hermie J Hermens, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
BACKGROUND: Pleasure is one determinant of intrinsic motivation and yet a dimension often forgotten when promoting physical activity among the older population. In this study we investigate the relation between daily activities and physical activity, experience of pleasure, and the interaction between pleasure and physical activity in the daily lives of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Participants carried a hip-worn accelerometer during 30 consecutive days resulting in a total of 320 days of data collection...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980691/extremity-injuries-and-dementia-disproportionately-increase-the-risk-for-long-term-care-at-older-age-in-an-analysis-of-german-health-insurance-routine-data-for-the-years-2006-to-2010
#14
Alexander Barth, Anja Vatterrott, Ying Zhou, Anne Fink, Gabriele Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: Extremity injuries (EI) and dementia are important causes of long-term care (LTC), but they can also cause each other and are often present concurrently. Mobility-limiting EI can increase the risk of dementia, and dementia increases the risk for falls, which are often the cause of EI. When EI and dementia are present together, they can increase their negative effect on long-term care risk. This study aims to assess the strength of this interaction and the role of different body regions and severities of EI regarding LTC risk...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807468/the-farseeing-real-world-fall-repository-a-large-scale-collaborative-database-to-collect-and-share-sensor-signals-from-real-world-falls
#15
Jochen Klenk, Lars Schwickert, Luca Palmerini, Sabato Mellone, Alan Bourke, Espen A F Ihlen, Ngaire Kerse, Klaus Hauer, Mirjam Pijnappels, Matthis Synofzik, Karin Srulijes, Walter Maetzler, Jorunn L Helbostad, Wiebren Zijlstra, Kamiar Aminian, Christopher Todd, Lorenzo Chiari, Clemens Becker
BACKGROUND: Real-world fall events objectively measured by body-worn sensors can improve the understanding of fall events in older people. However, these events are rare and hence challenging to capture. Therefore, the FARSEEING (FAll Repository for the design of Smart and sElf-adaptive Environments prolonging Independent livinG) consortium and associated partners started to build up a meta-database of real-world falls. RESULTS: Between January 2012 and December 2015 more than 300 real-world fall events have been recorded...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570564/impact-of-a-randomized-possible-selves-experiment-on-new-retirees-physical-activity-and-identity
#16
Mélanie G M Perras, Shaelyn M Strachan, Michelle S Fortier, Brenden Dufault
BACKGROUND: Retirement is not always associated with greater engagement in physical activity. Previous interventions informed by possible selves, a type of future-oriented self-representation, proved useful to increase physical activity in young adults. We thus wanted to explore if a similar intervention would yield favorable outcomes in new retirees. We also examined whether possible selves could help increase identity relative to the physical activity context. Identity circumscribes the meanings which help individuals define who they are in a given role (i...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293489/exploring-user-experience-and-technology-acceptance-for-a-fall-prevention-system-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial-and-a-living-lab
#17
Daryoush D Vaziri, Konstantin Aal, Corinna Ogonowski, Thomas Von Rekowski, Michael Kroll, Hannah R Marston, Rakel Poveda, Yves J Gschwind, Kim Delbaere, Rainer Wieching, Volker Wulf
BACKGROUND: Falls are common in older adults and can result in serious injuries. Due to demographic changes, falls and related healthcare costs are likely to increase over the next years. Participation and motivation of older adults in fall prevention measures remain a challenge. The iStoppFalls project developed an information and communication technology (ICT)-based system for older adults to use at home in order to reduce common fall risk factors such as impaired balance and muscle weakness...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257439/assessment-of-recovery-in-older-patients-hospitalized-with-different-diagnoses-and-functional-levels-evaluated-with-and-without-geriatric-assessment
#18
Jenny Foss Abrahamsen, Cathrine Haugland, Anette Hylen Ranhoff
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to investigate 1) the role of different admission diagnoses and 2) the degree of functional loss, on the rate of recovery of older patients after acute hospitalization. Furthermore, to compare the predictive value of simple assessments that can be carried out in a hospital lacking geriatric service, with assessments including geriatric screening tests. METHODS: Prospective, observational cohort study, including 961community dwelling patients aged ≥ 70 years, transferred from medical, cardiac, pulmonary and orthopedic acute hospital departments to intermediate care in nursing home...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239241/sensory-motor-training-targeting-motor-dysfunction-and-muscle-weakness-in-long-term-care-elderly-combined-with-motivational-strategies-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Slavko Rogan, Lorenz Radlinger, Heiner Baur, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, Rob A de Bie, Eling D de Bruin
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of a combined innovative training regime consisting of stochastic resonance whole-body vibration (SR-WBV) and a dance video game (DVG) on physical performance and muscle strength in long-term-care dwelling elderly. METHODS: Thirthy long-term-care elderly were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG; n = 16) receiving combined SR-WBV training and DVG, or a sham group (SG; n = 14). IG performed five sets one minute of SR-WBV, with one minute rest between sets (base frequency 3 Hz up to 6 Hz, Noise 4) during the first five weeks on three days per week...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949420/the-contribution-of-advanced-glycation-end-product-age-accumulation-to-the-decline-in-motor-function
#20
REVIEW
Hans Drenth, Sytse Zuidema, Steven Bunt, Ivan Bautmans, Cees van der Schans, Hans Hobbelen
Diminishing motor function is commonly observed in the elderly population and is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences. Advanced Glycation End products (AGE's) may contribute to age-related decline in the function of cells and tissues in normal ageing. Although the negative effect of AGE's on the biomechanical properties of musculoskeletal tissues and the central nervous system have been previously described, the evidence regarding the effect on motor function is fragmented, and a systematic review on this topic is lacking...
2016: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
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