journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641329/echm-consensus-conference-and-levels-of-evidence-reply
#1
LETTER
Daniel Mathieu, Alessandro Marroni, Jacek Kot
Dr Sherlock asks for clarification on the approach adopted by the European Committee on Hyperbaric Medicine (ECHM) to assessing evidence for establishing indications for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT). Firstly, regardless of the strict process of editing and proof-reading of tables included in the above-mentioned publication, we received comments from some readers that identified imperfect layout of Table 1 and incorrect layout of Table 2 which significantly changed the conclusions to be drawn from them...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641328/echm-consensus-conference-and-levels-of-evidence
#2
LETTER
Susannah Sherlock
The ECHM Consensus Conference on indications for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) was a welcome update of the evidence for HBOT use. However, clarification is requested in relation to how the GRADE system (Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) was modified and how levels of evidence were applied in the case of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). GRADE has a low kappa value for inter-observer agreement, so is modification valid? The original GRADE criteria, using consensus, grades evidence (defined as high, low and very low) and uses this to adjust the strength of recommendations...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641327/correction-to-mathieu-d-marroni-a-kot-j-tenth-european-consensus-conference-on-hyperbaric-medicine-recommendations-for-accepted-and-non-accepted-clinical-indications-and-practice-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-diving-hyperb-med-2017-mar-47-1-24-32
#3
Daniel Mathieu, Alessandro Marroni, Jacek Kot
Consistent with the Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines, we the above authors are initiating a partial retraction and correction of our paper: Mathieu D, Marroni A, Kot J: Tenth European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine: recommendations for accepted and non-accepted clinical indications and practice of hyperbaric oxygen treatment. Diving Hyperb Med. 2017 Mar;47(1):24-32. We wish to make the following statement: "Regardless of the strict process of editing and proof-reading of tables included in the above-mentioned publication, we received some comments from readers which showed us that imperfect layout of Table 1 and incorrect layout of Table 2 changed significantly the conclusions which could be drawn from them...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641326/a-technical-diving-related-burns-case-treatment-in-a-remote-location
#4
Fiona C Sharp, Martin Dj Sayer
Injuries suffered as a result of a rebreather oxygen explosion and fire occurred to a diver on vacation in the island state of Chuuk, Micronesia. The medical and logistical management of the diver in a remote location are described. The mechanism of both the fire and the subsequent blast and burn injuries are discussed. Prevention of and preparation for such incidents are discussed in the context of the increasing frequency of dive and adventure travel to remote areas.
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641325/superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-associated-with-scuba-diving
#5
Naoharu Kitajima, Akemi Sugita-Kitajima, Seiji Kitajima
A 28-year-old female diver presented with dizziness and difficulty clearing her left ear whilst scuba diving. Her pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry were normal. Testing of Eustachian tube function revealed tubal stenosis. Video-oculography revealed a predominantly torsional nystagmus while the patient was in the lordotic position. Fistula signs were positive. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the temporal bone revealed a diagnosis of bilateral superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCDS). Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) testing showed that the amplitude of the cVEMP measured from her left ear was larger than that from the right...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641324/treatment-preferences-for-decompression-illness-amongst-singapore-dive-physicians
#6
Valerie Huali Tan, Kenneth Chin, Aravin Kumar, Jeremiah Chng, Chai Rick Soh Rick Soh
INTRODUCTION: Owing to the scarcity of randomized controlled trials to guide treatment for decompression illness (DCI), there are many unanswered questions about its management. Apart from reviews and expert opinion, surveys that report practice patterns provide information about useful management strategies. Hence, this study aimed to identify current treatment preferences for DCI amongst diving physicians in Singapore. METHODS: An anonymous web-based questionnaire was sent to known diving physicians in Singapore...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641323/ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-pathways-a-review-of-cellular-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
Ashish Francis, Richard Baynosa
Ischaemia-induced tissue injury has wide-ranging clinical implications including myocardial infarction, stroke, compartment syndrome, ischaemic renal failure and replantation and revascularization. However, the restoration of blood flow produces a 'second hit' phenomenon, the effect of which is greater than the initial ischaemic event and characterizes ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Some examples of potential settings of IR injury include: following thrombolytic therapy for stroke, invasive cardiovascular procedures, solid organ transplantation, and major trauma resuscitation...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641322/scuba-diving-and-otology-a-systematic-review-with-recommendations-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-post-operative-care
#8
REVIEW
Devon M Livingstone, Kristine A Smith, Beth Lange
Scuba diving is a popular recreational and professional activity with inherent risks. Complications related to barotrauma and decompression illness can pose significant morbidity to a diver's hearing and balance systems. The majority of dive-related injuries affect the head and neck, particularly the outer, middle and inner ear. Given the high incidence of otologic complications from diving, an evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and treatment of otic pathology is a necessity. We performed a systematic and comprehensive literature review including the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of otologic pathology related to diving...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641321/identifying-and-acting-on-potentially-inappropriate-care-inadequacy-of-current-hospital-coding-for-this-task
#9
P David Cooper, David R Smart
INTRODUCTION: Recent Australian attempts to facilitate disinvestment in healthcare, by identifying instances of 'inappropriate' care from large Government datasets, are subject to significant methodological flaws. Amongst other criticisms has been the fact that the Government datasets utilized for this purpose correlate poorly with datasets collected by relevant professional bodies. Government data derive from official hospital coding, collected retrospectively by clerical personnel, whilst professional body data derive from unit-specific databases, collected contemporaneously with care by clinical personnel...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641320/transcutaneous-oximetry-measurements-of-the-leg-comparing-different-measuring-equipment-and-establishing-values-in-healthy-young-adults
#10
Tobias P Trinks, Denise F Blake, Derelle A Young, Ken Thistlethwaite, Venkat N Vangaveti
INTRODUCTION: Transcutaneous oximetry measurement (TCOM) is a non-invasive method of determining oxygen tension at the skin level using heated electrodes. AIM: To compare TCOM values generated by different machines and to establish lower limb TCOM values in a cohort of healthy individuals younger than 40 years of age. METHOD: Sixteen healthy, non-smoking volunteers aged 18 to 39 years were recruited. TCOM was obtained at six locations on the lower leg and foot using three different Radiometer machines...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641319/understanding-scuba-diving-fatalities-carbon-dioxide-concentrations-in-intra-cardiac-gas
#11
Vincent Varlet, Alejandro Dominguez, Marc Augsburger, Maisy Lossois, Coraline Egger, Cristian Palmiere, Raquel Vilarino, Silke Grabherr
INTRODUCTION: Important developments in the diagnosis of scuba diving fatalities have been made thanks to forensic imaging tool improvements. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable interpretation of the overall gaseous distribution in the cadaver. However, due to post-mortem delay, the radiological interpretation is often doubtful because the distinction between gas related to the dive and post-mortem decomposition artifactual gases becomes less obvious. METHODS: We present six cases of fatal scuba diving showing gas in the heart and other vasculature...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357828/cerebral-arterial-gas-embolism-ingestion-of-hydrogen-peroxide-and-flight
#12
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
We read with interest the recent report by Smedley et al. on an interesting case of cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE) after pre-flight ingestion of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). The authors discuss the safety of aero-medical transfer following H₂O₂ ingestion. We agree with the possible problems but the concern on the other side of the coin needs to be mentioned; can transfer be delayed is the big question? Indeed, as reported by others, ingestion of even a small amount of concentrated H₂O₂ can result in CAGE...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357827/usn-treatment-table-9
#13
LETTER
Dick Clarke
The United States Navy (USN) introduced Treatment Table 9 (USN TT9) in 1999. Its purpose is to provide a dosing protocol for cases of incomplete resolution of decompression sickness (DCS) and arterial gas embolism following initial provision of USN Treatment Table 6 (USN TT6). It also can be used for several non-diving-related acute toxicities. Prior to USN TT9, it was and remains common to use USN Treatment Table 5 (USN TT5) for 'follow-up' therapy. An exception might be cases of severe residual neurologic injury, where some prefer to repeat USN TT6...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357826/anton-s-syndrome-as-a-presentation-of-decompression-illness
#14
Charles Paul Azzopardi, Lyubisa Matity, Stephen Muscat
We present a case of a patient with Anton's syndrome due to decompression illness (DCI) after recreational scuba diving. Visual anosognosia, or denial of loss of vision, which is associated with lack of awareness regarding visual loss in the setting of cortical blindness, is known as Anton's syndrome (also termed Anton-Babinski syndrome). Our patient presented with progressive neurological DCI treated with repeated recompression. The anosogosia resolved after 48 h. Subsequent echocardiography revealed a persistent (patent) foramen ovale...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357825/the-prevalence-of-electrocardiogram-abnormalities-in-professional-divers
#15
Ali Erdal Gunes, Maide Cimsit
BACKGROUND: The underwater environment presents physiological challenges for the cardiovascular, renal and pulmonary systems. Increases in external hydrostatic pressure reduce the capacity of the venous compartment and cause blood to move toward the lung. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in a cohort of professional divers. METHODS: Between January 2009 and January 2012, 225 randomly selected professional divers, 204 male (91%) and 21 female (9%) attended our clinic for their biannual diving medical assessment...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357824/identifying-and-acting-on-inappropriate-metadata-a-critique-of-the-grattan-institute-report-on-questionable-care-in-australian-hospitals
#16
P David Cooper, David R Smart
INTRODUCTION: In an era of ever-increasing medical costs, the identification and prohibition of ineffective medical therapies is of considerable economic interest to healthcare funding bodies. Likewise, the avoidance of interventions with an unduly elevated clinical risk/benefit ratio would be similarly advantageous for patients. Regrettably, the identification of such therapies has proven problematic. A recent paper from the Grattan Institute in Australia (identifying five hospital procedures as having the potential for disinvestment on these grounds) serves as a timely illustration of the difficulties inherent in non-clinicians attempting to accurately recognize such interventions using non-clinical, indirect or poorly validated datasets...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357823/performance-of-the-bbraun-perfusor-space-syringe-driver-under-hyperbaric-conditions
#17
Lachlan Frawley, Bridget Devaney, Theo Tsouras, Geoff Frawley
BACKGROUND: The BBraun Perfusor Space™ syringe driver is already in use by ambulance services and retrieval teams but has not previously been assessed for hyperbaric chamber use. METHODS: Pump flow accuracy was tested at rates between 1 and 40 ml· h⁻¹ using three different brands of 50 ml syringe. Function of the occlusion alarms was assessed using the same syringes. The hyperbaric profile involved pressurisation to 284 kPa at 30 kPa· min⁻¹, 30 min at 284 kPa and decompression at 30 kPa· min⁻¹...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357822/an-assessment-of-the-performance-of-the-baxter-elastomeric-lv10-infusor%C3%A2-pump-under-hyperbaric-conditions
#18
Stephen Perks, Denise F Blake, Derelle A Young, John Hardman, Lawrence H Brown, Iestyn Lewis, Tilley Pain
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data on the use of elastomeric infusion pumps during hyperbaric oxygen treatment. AIM: This study evaluated the flow rate of the Baxter elastomeric LV10 Infusor™ pump under normobaric (101.3 kPa) and three hyperbaric conditions of 203 kPa, 243 kPa and 284 kPa. METHODS: Elastomeric pumps were secured to participants in the same manner as for a typical patient, except that a container collected the delivered antibiotic solution...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357821/tenth-european-consensus-conference-on-hyperbaric-medicine-recommendations-for-accepted-and-non-accepted-clinical-indications-and-practice-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment
#19
Daniel Mathieu, Alessandro Marroni, Jacek Kot
The tenth European Consensus Conference on Hyperbaric Medicine took place in April 2016, attended by a large delegation of experts from Europe and elsewhere. The focus of the meeting was the revision of the European Committee on Hyperbaric Medicine (ECHM) list of accepted indications for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT), based on a thorough review of the best available research and evidence-based medicine (EBM). For this scope, the modified GRADE system for evidence analysis, together with the DELPHI system for consensus evaluation, were adopted...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357820/preventive-effect-of-rosiglitazone-on-liver-injury-in-a-mouse-model-of-decompression-sickness
#20
Bin Peng, Miao-Miao Chen, Zheng-Lin Jiang, Xia Li, Guo-Hua Wang, Li-Hua Xu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Severe decompression sickness (DCS) is a multi-organ injury. This study investigated the preventive effects of rosiglitazone on liver injury following rapid decompression in mice and examined the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into four groups: a control group, vehicle group, and rosiglitazone (5 and 10 mg·kg⁻¹) groups, the latter three being exposed to a pressure of 911 kPa. Haematoxylin and eosin staining, plasma levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase and blood cell counts were used to evaluate liver injury at 30 min after rapid decompression...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
journal
journal
41441
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"