Read by QxMD icon Read

Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Jung Hee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to a ST walking program enhanced (Enhanced Treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings and the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
James D Johnston, Taylor Barney, Justin Crandall, Marinn Brown, Tarah Westover, Sterling Paulson, Madeleine Smith, K Scott Weber
House dust mites are typically absent in homes in arid and semi-arid climates due to low humidity. Evaporative "swamp" cooling significantly increases indoor humidity in dry climates, and is suspected of promoting dust mite survival in these regions. We investigated the prevalence and concentration of mite allergens in dust from low-income homes (n = 22) with evaporative coolers in Utah County, Utah. Overall, 15 (68.2%) homes were positive for either Der p 1 or Der f 1 in at least one location. Geometric mean allergen levels in mattresses were 0...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend towards increased psychosocial strain at work among home care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analysed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Lucía G Pruneda-Alvarez, Tania Ruíz-Vera, Angeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
This study aimed to determine t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA; exposure biomarker for benzene) and hippuric acid (HA; exposure biomarker for toluene) concentrations in the urine of women living in Mexico. In a cross-sectional study, apparently healthy women (n = 104) were voluntarily recruited from localities with a high risk of air pollution; t,t-MA and HA in urine were quantified using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. Mean urinary levels of t,t-MA ranged from 680 to 1,310 μg/g creatinine...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI: 129-140). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality sub-categories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI: 127-147); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI: 128-176); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI: 114-135); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI: 145-175). The results were largely attributed to underground miners with 61...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the effects of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Neelima Afroz Molla, Ghaffar Ali, Kabirul Ahsan Mollah, Waranya Wongwit, Oleg Shipin, Pongrama Ramasoota, Husna Parvin Nur
This study quantifies the diarrhea burden among the migrant children under age of 5 (who have been migrated due to environmental degradation) in Dhaka. We used multifactor socio-epidemiological as well as environmental approach with pre-tested questionnaires and observations. It was found that 52% children were affected mostly by diarrhea. Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost was reduced manifold with the increase of mothers' behavioral determinants. Health loses were 1718 folds higher with significant coefficient (β) in migrant group...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Menevse Samur, Seyda Seren Intepeler
To determine nurses' perceptions of occupational safety and their work environment and examine the sociodemographic traits and job characteristics that influence their occupational safety, we studied a sample of 278 nurses. According to the nurses, the quality of their work environment is average, and occupational safety is insufficient. In the subdimensions of the work environment scale, it was determined that the nurses think "labor force and other resources" are insufficient. In the occupational safety subdimensions "occupational illnesses and complaints" and "administrative support and approaches," they considered occupational safety to be insufficient...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Agnieszka Anna Lipinska-Ojrzanowska, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Magdalena Walusiak-Skorupa
The job of cleaning has developed dynamically as a working service, and women constitute the majority of all professional cleaning workers. Cleaners are at an increased risk of work-related asthma (WRA). This study characterizes work-related respiratory symptoms reported by female cleaners, evaluates any associated factors of WRA, and shows diagnostic management of medical certification. The study group comprised 50 professional cleaning women referred to our Occupational Diseases Department due to suspicion of occupational asthma (OA)...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
M T Del Campo, Pablo E Romo, Rafael E de la Hoz, José Miguel Villamor, Ignacio Mahíllo-Fernández
Incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is high among health care workers (HCWs). To determine whether MSDs are associated with preexisting anxiety and/or depression, a case-control study was carried out in female HCWs (56 cases/55 controls). Cases were HCWs with a first-time clinical diagnosis of MSD within the previous 2 years. Occupation, workplace, work shift, direct patient assistance, and anxiety/depression scores (Goldberg scale) were assessed. Increased risk of incident MSDs (multivariate logistic regression) was found in workers with preexisting anxiety/depression compared to those without (OR 5...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Miriam Siegel
Using data from the 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 NHANES questionnaires, we evaluated self-perceived vision difficulty in individuals with a history of farming, forestry, and fishing (FFF) occupations. A self-perceived vision difficulty indicator was derived from responses to 3 separate measures. Those indicating farming, forestry, or fishing as longest job worked were classified as having an FFF history and compared to those reporting any other occupation. Logistic regression analyses utilizing NHANES sampling weights were conducted...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Md Saiful Islam, Md Kawser Ahmed, Md Habibullah-Al-Mamun
Six heavy metals (chromium [Cr], nickel [Ni], copper [Cu], arsenic [As], cadmium [Cd], and lead [Pb]) were measured in sediments and soft tissues of eleven commonly consumed fish species collected from an urban river in the northern part of Bangladesh. The abundance of heavy metals in sediments varied in the decreasing order of Cr > Ni > Cu > Pb > As > Cd. The ranges of mean metal concentrations in fish species, in mg/kg wet weight (ww), were as follows: Cr, 0.11-0.46; Ni, 0.77-2.6; Cu, 0.57-2...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yoshiyuki Kusui, Toru Yamazaki, Tomomi Yamada, Masayuki Hamada, Kazumune Ueshima, Kazuo Tajima, Shigeru Sokejima
To investigate determinants and protective strategies for the resignation of health care workers resulting from patient-derived nuisance in medical institutions, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in the 57 hospitals in Mie Prefecture, Japan. A random sampling of 775 employees (physicians, nurses, administrators, and other health care workers) was provided self-administered questionnaires. Among 480 participants who experienced patient-derived nuisance, 132 participants considered resignation as a result, giving an estimated prevalence of 17...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Sayyahi Zoleikha, Ramazan Mirzaei, Mirkazemi Roksana
The objective of this study was to assess the level of exposure to BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes) in petrol pump stations in Ahvaz City. Two of the biggest fuelling stations were selected randomly among total 12 fuel stations of Ahvaz City, Iran, during September 2013. Thirty air samples were taken from different positions in the fuelling stations and 15 samples were taken from the personal breathing zone of operators and of customers in fuelling stations. Measuring the ambient concentration of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes was done according to the method advised by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 1501...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Scott V Adams, Brian Barrick, Emily P Christopher, Martin M Shafer, Xiaoling Song, Hugo Vilchis, Polly A Newcomb, April Ulery
Exposure to As, Cd, Pb, and U among older Hispanic adults residing in underserved communities in southern New Mexico was investigated. Personal information was obtained by standardized interview from 188 adults aged 40-85 years. Urinary metal concentrations were measured and compared to results from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). Urinary As and U in study participants significantly (p < .05) exceeded NHANES reference values. Elevated urinary As concentration was significantly associated with older age, Latin American birthplace, clinic site, private-well drinking water, higher self-rated health, and diabetes...
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Maria Karakosta, Eumorfia-Maria Delicha, Gregory Kouraklis, Kalliopi N Manola
This study aimed to investigate whether occupational and environmental exposures, lifestyle, family, and medical history are associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) risk and its chromosomal abnormalities. The study included 138 CLL cases and 141 age- and sex-matched controls. Information data were collected through in-person interviews from cases and controls. Cytogenetic analysis was performed on CLL bone marrow cells. Positive associations were found between CLL and cancer family history, smoking, pneumonia, and exposure to petroleum, metals, pesticides/chemical fertilizers, detergents, and medical radiation...
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"