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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166467/mortality-among-coast-guard-shipyard-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-specific-exposures
#1
Jennifer Rusiecki, Patricia Stewart, Dara Lee, Melannie Alexander, Srmena Krstev, Debra Silverman, Aaron Blair
In a previous analysis of a cohort of shipyard workers, we found excess mortality from all causes, lung cancer, and mesothelioma for longer work durations and in specific occupations. Here, we expand the previous analyses by evaluating mortality associated with five chemical exposures: asbestos, solvents, lead, oils/greases, and wood dust. Data were gathered retrospectively for 4,702 workers employed at the Coast Guard Shipyard, Baltimore, MD (1950-1964). The cohort was traced through 2001 for vital status...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157439/dermatoses-among-automobile-mechanics-in-mansoura-egypt
#2
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura city, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Socio-demographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the commonest types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%; respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals [Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151057/association-of-risk-factors-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-manual-working-farmers
#3
Rahul Jain, Makkhan Lal Meena, Govind Sharan Dangayach, Awadhesh Kumar Bhardwaj
The current study is aimed to recognize the risk factors for major work-related issues i.e., musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among 138 manual working farmers. Data were collected using modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire and the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment score sheet. Different factors influencing MSDs were detected using logistic regression methods. The highest occurrence rate for MSDs were observed in the lower back (71.4%), followed by fingers (62.1%), shoulders (56.4%) and hands/wrists (55%). Factors like age, gender, daily working hours, hand-dominance, perceived fatigue and work experience, were found to be associated with MSDs in one or more upper body regions...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139172/heat-exposure-and-productivity-in-orchards-implications-for-climate-change-research
#4
Grant Quiller, Jennifer Krenz, Kristie Ebi, Jeremy J Hess, Richard A Fenske, Paul D Sampson, Mengjie Pan, June T Spector
Recent studies suggest that heat exposure degrades work productivity, but such studies have not considered individual- and workplace-level factors. Forty-six tree fruit harvesters (98% Latino/a) from six orchards participated in a cross-sectional study in Central/Eastern Washington in 2015. The association between maximum measured work-shift Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGTmax) and productivity (total weight of fruit bins collected per time worked) was estimated using linear mixed effects models, adjusting for relevant confounders...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136082/alteration-of-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-arsenic
#5
Murat Büyükşekerci, Ceylan Bal, Utku Serkant, Meşide Gündüzöz, Murat Alışık, Engin Tutkun, Ömer Hınç Yilmazmd
The present study evaluates the redox state in occupationally As exposed workers (n = 73) by assessing the dynamic serum thiol-disulfide homeostasis. We determined the serum thiol-disulfide homeostasis parameters of subjects and controls (n = 41) using a novel automated colourimetric assay. Median urinary As and 8-isoprostane levels of exposed group were significantly higher than control group (16.40 μg/L vs. 2μg/L, p<0.001 and 2.28 ng/ml vs. 0.54 ng/ml, p<0.001, respectively). Disulfide level, disulfide/native thiol ratio and disulfide/total thiol ratio were significantly higher in exposed group...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129073/trust-contingent-thinking-and-the-moral-posture-of-science
#6
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098504/effects-of-culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-on-cardiovascular-disease-risks-for-middle-aged-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#7
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Jung Hee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to a ST walking program enhanced (Enhanced Treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings and the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098501/prevalence-of-house-dust-mite-allergens-in-low-income-homes-with-evaporative-coolers-in-a-semi-arid-climate
#8
James D Johnston, Taylor Barney, Justin Crandall, Marinn Brown, Tarah Westover, Sterling Paulson, Madeleine Smith, K Scott Weber
House dust mites are typically absent in homes in arid and semi-arid climates due to low humidity. Evaporative "swamp" cooling significantly increases indoor humidity in dry climates, and is suspected of promoting dust mite survival in these regions. We investigated the prevalence and concentration of mite allergens in dust from low-income homes (n = 22) with evaporative coolers in Utah County, Utah. Overall, 15 (68.2%) homes were positive for either Der p 1 or Der f 1 in at least one location. Geometric mean allergen levels in mattresses were 0...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095115/working-conditions-and-workplace-health-and-safety-promotion-in-home-care-a-mixed-method-study-from-swedish-managers-perspectives
#9
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend toward increased psychosocial strain at work among home-care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analyzed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982738/urinary-trans-trans-muconic-acid-exposure-biomarker-to-benzene-and-hippuric-acid-exposure-biomarker-to-toluene-concentrations-in-mexican-women-living-in-high-risk-scenarios-of-air-pollution
#10
Lucía G Pruneda-Alvarez, Tania Ruíz-Vera, Angeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
This study aimed to determine t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA; exposure biomarker for benzene) and hippuric acid (HA; exposure biomarker for toluene) concentrations in the urine of women living in Mexico. In a cross-sectional study, apparently healthy women (n = 104) were voluntarily recruited from localities with a high risk of air pollution; t,t-MA and HA in urine were quantified using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. Mean urinary levels of t,t-MA ranged from 680 to 1,310 μg/g creatinine...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901411/injury-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-mining-smelting-and-refining-workers-in-ontario
#11
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI: 129-140). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality sub-categories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI: 127-147); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI: 128-176); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI: 114-135); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI: 145-175). The results were largely attributed to underground miners with 61...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901416/uncivil-and-malicious-behavior-in-science
#12
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895285/factors-influencing-nurses-perceptions-of-occupational-safety
#13
Menevse Samur, Seyda Seren Intepeler
To determine nurses' perceptions of occupational safety and their work environment and examine the sociodemographic traits and job characteristics that influence their occupational safety, we studied a sample of 278 nurses. According to the nurses, the quality of their work environment is average, and occupational safety is insufficient. In the subdimensions of the work environment scale, it was determined that the nurses think "labor force and other resources" are insufficient. In the occupational safety subdimensions "occupational illnesses and complaints" and "administrative support and approaches," they considered occupational safety to be insufficient...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895185/work-related-asthma-among-professional-cleaning-women
#14
Agnieszka Anna Lipinska-Ojrzanowska, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Magdalena Walusiak-Skorupa
The job of cleaning has developed dynamically as a working service, and women constitute the majority of all professional cleaning workers. Cleaners are at an increased risk of work-related asthma (WRA). This study characterizes work-related respiratory symptoms reported by female cleaners, evaluates any associated factors of WRA, and shows diagnostic management of medical certification. The study group comprised 50 professional cleaning women referred to our Occupational Diseases Department due to suspicion of occupational asthma (OA)...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895069/anxiety-and-depression-predict-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-health-care-workers
#15
M T Del Campo, Pablo E Romo, Rafael E de la Hoz, José Miguel Villamor, Ignacio Mahíllo-Fernández
Incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is high among health care workers (HCWs). To determine whether MSDs are associated with preexisting anxiety and/or depression, a case-control study was carried out in female HCWs (56 cases/55 controls). Cases were HCWs with a first-time clinical diagnosis of MSD within the previous 2 years. Occupation, workplace, work shift, direct patient assistance, and anxiety/depression scores (Goldberg scale) were assessed. Increased risk of incident MSDs (multivariate logistic regression) was found in workers with preexisting anxiety/depression compared to those without (OR 5...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894930/self-perceived-vision-in-farming-forestry-and-fishing-occupations
#16
Miriam Siegel
Using data from the 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 NHANES questionnaires, we evaluated self-perceived vision difficulty in individuals with a history of farming, forestry, and fishing (FFF) occupations. A self-perceived vision difficulty indicator was derived from responses to 3 separate measures. Those indicating farming, forestry, or fishing as longest job worked were classified as having an FFF history and compared to those reporting any other occupation. Logistic regression analyses utilizing NHANES sampling weights were conducted...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26882075/heavy-metals-in-sediment-and-their-accumulation-in-commonly-consumed-fish-species-in-bangladesh
#17
Md Saiful Islam, Md Kawser Ahmed, Md Habibullah-Al-Mamun
Six heavy metals (chromium [Cr], nickel [Ni], copper [Cu], arsenic [As], cadmium [Cd], and lead [Pb]) were measured in sediments and soft tissues of eleven commonly consumed fish species collected from an urban river in the northern part of Bangladesh. The abundance of heavy metals in sediments varied in the decreasing order of Cr > Ni > Cu > Pb > As > Cd. The ranges of mean metal concentrations in fish species, in mg/kg wet weight (ww), were as follows: Cr, 0.11-0.46; Ni, 0.77-2.6; Cu, 0.57-2...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786616/worker-resignation-due-to-patient-nuisance-in-hospitals-determinants-and-prevention
#18
Yoshiyuki Kusui, Toru Yamazaki, Tomomi Yamada, Masayuki Hamada, Kazumune Ueshima, Kazuo Tajima, Shigeru Sokejima
To investigate determinants and protective strategies for the resignation of health care workers resulting from patient-derived nuisance in medical institutions, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in the 57 hospitals in Mie Prefecture, Japan. A random sampling of 775 employees (physicians, nurses, administrators, and other health care workers) was provided self-administered questionnaires. Among 480 participants who experienced patient-derived nuisance, 132 participants considered resignation as a result, giving an estimated prevalence of 17...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26076392/exposure-to-chemical-hazards-in-petrol-pumps-stations-in-ahvaz-city-iran
#19
Sayyahi Zoleikha, Ramazan Mirzaei, Mirkazemi Roksana
The objective of this study was to assess the level of exposure to BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes) in petrol pump stations in Ahvaz City. Two of the biggest fuelling stations were selected randomly among total 12 fuel stations of Ahvaz City, Iran, during September 2013. Thirty air samples were taken from different positions in the fuelling stations and 15 samples were taken from the personal breathing zone of operators and of customers in fuelling stations. Measuring the ambient concentration of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes was done according to the method advised by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 1501...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808663/maternal-smoking-location-at-home-and-hospitalization-for-respiratory-tract-infections-among-children-in-japan
#20
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the effects of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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