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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318430/factors-contributing-to-intercity-commercial-bus-drivers-crash-involvement-risk
#1
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of demographic, environmental and occupational factors as well as behavioural characteristics of intercity bus drivers, on their crash involvement risk. A total number of 107 intercity bus drivers from Tehran, Iran were participated in the study. Logistic regression model suggested that smokers, those who drive during night to morning, less experienced drivers as well as those who operate older buses are more likely to be involved in crashes. In addition, one unit increase in the weekly driving hours might significantly increase the drivers' crash involvement risk...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287950/comment-on-anxiety-and-depression-predict-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-health-care-workers-by-del-campo-et%C3%A2-al
#2
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287931/assessment-and-characterization-of-sound-pressure-levels-in-portuguese-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#3
Joana Santos, Carlos Carvalhais, Ana Xavier, Manuela V Silva
In NICU, systematic exposure to sound pressure levels above the recommended can affect both neonates and staff. This study aimed to evaluate the sound pressure levels in three Portuguese NICU and the noise perception of staff. The measurements were performed with a sound level meter, considering the location of the main sources of noise and the layout of the units. A questionnaire was applied to assess noise perception of professionals. The staff classified the environment (regarding noise) as "slightly uncomfortable" (41...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287924/individual-and-work-related-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-among-computer-workers-in-nigeria
#4
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Paschal Nzubechukwu Okorie, Deborah Onyinyechukwu Duru, Elochukwu Fortune Ezenwankwo
We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain, MSP and the association of one month prevalence with individual and work-related factors among commercial typists in Enugu. Participants responded to a questionnaire about occurrences of MSP and 75.6% (242/320)response rate was achieved. Prevalence was summarized in frequencies and percentages while associations between MSPs and risk factors were explored using Chi-square. MSP was most common in the low back (58.3%), and low back pain limited 51.7% from activities between 1-30 days...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272999/socio-economic-factors-and-heavy-drinking-over-the-course-of-the-week-among-job-seekers-with-at-risk-alcohol-use
#5
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
This paper investigates the influence of socio-economic factors on heavy drinking over the course of the week. As part of a randomized controlled trial, 1,282 job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies and reported number of drinks consumed on each day in the past week. Latent growth curve models were calculated to represent variations of alcohol use. School education and duration of lifetime unemployment were tested as predictors; socio-demographic variables were integrated as covariates...
March 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278015/maternal-smoking-as-a-risk-factor-for-childhood-intussusception
#6
Yasuo Nakahara, Takashi Yorifuji, Toshihide Kubo, Hiroyuki Doi
Risk factors for intussusception have only rarely been reported. We examined the association between the risk of hospital admission for intussusception and maternal smoking, using nationwide population-based longitudinal survey begun in Japan in 2010. Maternal smoking status was queried at 6 months of age, and responses to questions at 18 months of age about history of hospitalization for intussusception during the previous year were used as an outcome of interest. We conducted logistic regression analyses controlling for potential confounding factors...
February 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278016/different-facets-one-hard-problem-health-environment-energy-sustainability
#7
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166467/mortality-among-coast-guard-shipyard-workers-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-specific-exposures
#8
Jennifer Rusiecki, Patricia Stewart, Dara Lee, Melannie Alexander, Srmena Krstev, Debra Silverman, Aaron Blair
In a previous analysis of a cohort of shipyard workers, we found excess mortality from all causes, lung cancer, and mesothelioma for longer work durations and in specific occupations. Here, we expand the previous analyses by evaluating mortality associated with five chemical exposures: asbestos, solvents, lead, oils/greases, and wood dust. Data were gathered retrospectively for 4,702 workers employed at the Coast Guard Shipyard, Baltimore, MD (1950-1964). The cohort was traced through 2001 for vital status...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157439/dermatoses-among-automobile-mechanics-in-mansoura-egypt
#9
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Sociodemographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the most common types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%, respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151057/association-of-risk-factors-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-manual-working-farmers
#10
Rahul Jain, M L Meena, G S Dangayach, A K Bhardwaj
The current study is aimed at recognizing the risk factors for major work-related issues (ie, musculoskeletal disorders [MSDs]) among 138 manual-working farmers. Data were collected using modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire and the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment score sheet. Different factors influencing MSDs were detected using logistic regression methods. The highest occurrence rate for MSDs was observed in the lower back (71.4%), followed by fingers (62.1%), shoulders (56.4%), and hands/wrists (55%)...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139172/heat-exposure-and-productivity-in-orchards-implications-for-climate-change-research
#11
Grant Quiller, Jennifer Krenz, Kristie Ebi, Jeremy J Hess, Richard A Fenske, Paul D Sampson, Mengjie Pan, June T Spector
Recent studies suggest that heat exposure degrades work productivity, but such studies have not considered individual- and workplace-level factors. Forty-six tree fruit harvesters (98% Latino/a) from six orchards participated in a cross-sectional study in Central/Eastern Washington in 2015. The association between maximum measured work-shift Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGTmax) and productivity (total weight of fruit bins collected per time worked) was estimated using linear mixed effects models, adjusting for relevant confounders...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136082/alteration-of-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-arsenic
#12
Murat Büyükşekerci, Ceylan Bal, Utku Serkant, Meşide Gündüzöz, Murat Alışık, Engin Tutkun, Ömer Hınç Yilmazmd
The present study evaluates the redox state in occupationally As exposed workers (n = 73) by assessing the dynamic serum thiol-disulfide homeostasis. We determined the serum thiol-disulfide homeostasis parameters of subjects and controls (n = 41) using a novel automated colourimetric assay. Median urinary As and 8-isoprostane levels of exposed group were significantly higher than control group (16.40 μg/L vs. 2μg/L, p<0.001 and 2.28 ng/ml vs. 0.54 ng/ml, p<0.001, respectively). Disulfide level, disulfide/native thiol ratio and disulfide/total thiol ratio were significantly higher in exposed group...
January 31, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129073/trust-contingent-thinking-and-the-moral-posture-of-science
#13
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098504/effects-of-culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-on-cardiovascular-disease-risks-for-middle-aged-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#14
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Jung Hee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to a ST walking program enhanced (Enhanced Treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings and the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098501/prevalence-of-house-dust-mite-allergens-in-low-income-homes-with-evaporative-coolers-in-a-semi-arid-climate
#15
James D Johnston, Taylor Barney, Justin Crandall, Marinn Brown, Tarah Westover, Sterling Paulson, Madeleine Smith, K Scott Weber
House dust mites are typically absent in homes in arid and semi-arid climates due to low humidity. Evaporative "swamp" cooling significantly increases indoor humidity in dry climates, and is suspected of promoting dust mite survival in these regions. We investigated the prevalence and concentration of mite allergens in dust from low-income homes (n = 22) with evaporative coolers in Utah County, Utah. Overall, 15 (68.2%) homes were positive for either Der p 1 or Der f 1 in at least one location. Geometric mean allergen levels in mattresses were 0...
January 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095115/working-conditions-and-workplace-health-and-safety-promotion-in-home-care-a-mixed-method-study-from-swedish-managers-perspectives
#16
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend toward increased psychosocial strain at work among home-care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analyzed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901416/uncivil-and-malicious-behavior-in-science
#17
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895285/factors-influencing-nurses-perceptions-of-occupational-safety
#18
Menevse Samur, Seyda Seren Intepeler
To determine nurses' perceptions of occupational safety and their work environment and examine the sociodemographic traits and job characteristics that influence their occupational safety, we studied a sample of 278 nurses. According to the nurses, the quality of their work environment is average, and occupational safety is insufficient. In the subdimensions of the work environment scale, it was determined that the nurses think "labor force and other resources" are insufficient. In the occupational safety subdimensions "occupational illnesses and complaints" and "administrative support and approaches," they considered occupational safety to be insufficient...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895185/work-related-asthma-among-professional-cleaning-women
#19
Agnieszka Anna Lipinska-Ojrzanowska, Marta Wiszniewska, Jolanta Magdalena Walusiak-Skorupa
The job of cleaning has developed dynamically as a working service, and women constitute the majority of all professional cleaning workers. Cleaners are at an increased risk of work-related asthma (WRA). This study characterizes work-related respiratory symptoms reported by female cleaners, evaluates any associated factors of WRA, and shows diagnostic management of medical certification. The study group comprised 50 professional cleaning women referred to our Occupational Diseases Department due to suspicion of occupational asthma (OA)...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895069/anxiety-and-depression-predict-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-health-care-workers
#20
M T Del Campo, Pablo E Romo, Rafael E de la Hoz, José Miguel Villamor, Ignacio Mahíllo-Fernández
Incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is high among health care workers (HCWs). To determine whether MSDs are associated with preexisting anxiety and/or depression, a case-control study was carried out in female HCWs (56 cases/55 controls). Cases were HCWs with a first-time clinical diagnosis of MSD within the previous 2 years. Occupation, workplace, work shift, direct patient assistance, and anxiety/depression scores (Goldberg scale) were assessed. Increased risk of incident MSDs (multivariate logistic regression) was found in workers with preexisting anxiety/depression compared to those without (OR 5...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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