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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506115/predictors-of-work-participation-for-m%C3%A4-ori-three-months-after-injury
#1
Emma H Wyeth, Brett Maclennan, Michelle Lambert, Gabrielle Davie, Rebbecca Lilley, Sarah Derrett
An important rehabilitation outcome for injured Māori is timely sustainable return to work. This paper identifies the factors influencing working after injury in an attempt to reduce the individual, social and economic costs. Māori participants in the Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study were interviewed, about pre-injury and injury-related factors. Among Māori participants, 521 were working for pay prior to injury; 64% were working three months post-injury. Factors identified, using modified Poisson regression, that predicted working include: financial security (aRR = 1...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489519/validity-and-reliability-of-the-disabilities-of-arm-shoulder-and-hand-scale-in-dental-students-a-transnational-study
#2
Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Ana Carolina Botta, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia
This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scale in Brazilian and American dental students and assess the influence of demographic variables on disability in them. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with a nonprobabilistic sample. The sample was composed of students of both genders from the School of Dentistry of Araraquara, State University of São Paulo (UNESP) (n = 288), and students from Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA (n = 149)...
May 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489487/what-did-the-march-for-science-stand-for
#3
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443783/risk-due-to-exposure-to-metallic-elements-in-a-birdshot-factory
#4
Piero Lovreglio, Giovanni De Filippis, Brizio Tamborrino, Ignazio Drago, Rossana Rotondi, Annamaria Gallone, Matteo Paganelli, Pietro Apostoli, Leonardo Soleo
The contribution of biological and environmental monitoring to the risk assessment of occupational exposure to lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) was studied in 18 workers at a birdshot factory (Exposed) and in 18 control workers (Controls), by the determination both of airborne Pb (PbA) and As (AsA) only in the exposed workers, and blood Pb (PbB), erythrocytic zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP), urinary Sb (SbU) and the urinary As species in exposed workers and controls. PbA (12-42 μg/m(3)) and AsA (1-4 μg/m(3)) were strongly correlated (r = 0...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443719/influence-of-quartz-exposure-on-lung-cancer-types-in-cases-of-lymph-node-only-silicosis-and-lung-silicosis-in-german-uranium-miners
#5
Stefan Mielke, Dirk Taeger, Kerstin Weitmann, Thomas Brüning, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Objective Inhaled crystalline quartz is carcinogen. Analyses shown differences in the distribution of lung cancer types depending on the status of silicosis. Methods 2,524 lung tumor cases from the WISMUT autopsy repository database were used. Silicosis was differentiated in cases without silicosis in lung parenchyma and its lymph nodes, with lymph node-only silicosis or with lung silicosis including lymph node silicosis. The proportions of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell and small cell lung cancer mortality for increasing quartz exposures were estimated in a multinomial logistic regression model...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418790/distortion-products-otoacoustic-emissions-dpoaes-in-workers-exposed-to-urban-stressors
#6
Maria Valeria Rosati, Francesco Tomei, Beatrice Loreti, Teodorico Casale, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Giancarlo Altissimi, Gianfranco Tomei, Andrea Bernardini, Alessandra Di Marzio, Carmina Sacco, Barbara Scala, Serafino Ricci, Angela Sancini
The study aims to compare the distortion products otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) with the pure-tone audiometric and to analyze the changes in subjects exposed to noise. The results show a prevalence of subjects with impaired DPOAEs higher than the prevalence of subjects with impaired audiometries in the total sample, in men and in outdoor workers; a prevalence of impaired DPOAEs and of impaired audiometries in men higher than in women and in outdoor workers higher than in indoor workers. The comparison of mean values between outdoor and indoor workers shows a significant difference only on some frequencies, in the DP-gram...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409663/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dental-students-and-dental-practitioners-in-riyadh-city-saudi-arabia
#7
Zaina Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al Zoughool
This study assessed the nature, prevalence, and risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) in dental clinics. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 515 dental students and dentists about nature of work and prevalence and frequency of MS symptoms. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables. Pain in the lower back (64%) and neck (60%) were the most prevalent MS. Working in the dental colleges' clinics was associated with increased risk of MS (adjusted OR 2...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409661/adverse-neonatal-outcomes-in-relation-to-ambient-temperatures-at-birth-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#8
Yi-Hao Weng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu
This study investigated the temperature-specific risks of adverse neonatal outcomes in Taiwan. Over 2 million births between 2001 and 2010 were correlated with the daily mean outdoor temperatures at birth. A log-binomial model was used to estimate the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in relation to ambient temperature at birth after adjusting for possible confounders. There was a significant correlation of temperature extremes with stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Maternal exposure to temperature extremes carried greater risks of stillbirth (> 23...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406386/practice-patterns-of-occupational-medicine-physicians-in-canada
#9
Allen Kraut, Aaron Thompson, Stephen Martin, Sidney Siu
The objectives of this survey were to identify the practice patterns of Canadian physicians working in the field of occupational medicine and to determine whether the type of certification influences the nature of the work they perform in the field. An Internet-based survey was conducted in September 2015 of members of the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association of Canada. Eighty-six Canadian-based occupational medicine physicians completed the survey (response rate 36%). These physicians performed a wide variety of tasks (12 ± 6), with few spending most of their time doing a single task...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406366/detection-of-pathogenic-bioaerosols-and-occupational-risk-in-a-philippine-landfill-site
#10
Hera Angela M Pagalilauan, Cielo Emar M Paraoan, Pierangeli G Vital
Payatas landfill site is one of the major dumpsites in the Philippines. In this study, the landfill was evaluated regarding the presence and concentration of pathogenic bacterial aerosols through culture and molecular techniques. Bioaerosols are biological airborne particles that may or may not cause diseases. Active sampling was done using MAS-100 Air Sampler from both indoor and outdoor locations. To test the accuracy of the culture method, those that were presumptively identified as Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were subjected to molecular analysis using 16s rRNA sequencing, and as a result, they were identified as different species...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394715/protective-effects-of-oil-of-sardinella-pilchardis-against-subacute-chlorpyrifos-induced-oxidative-stress-in-female-rats
#11
Mongi Saoudi, Ines Ben Hmida, Wassim Kammoun, Faouzi Ben Rebah, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of Sardinella pilchardis oil and vitamin E against chlorpyrifos- (CPF-) induced liver, kidney, and brain oxidative damage in female rats. The rats were divided into 6 experimental groups: the control group, the group treated with fish oil, the group that received fish oil for 2 weeks and CPF orally for 7 days, the group treated only with CPF, the group treated with vitamin E for 2 weeks and CPF for 7 days, and the group treated with vitamin E. Oral exposure to CPF induced a significant increase in serum biochemical parameters; hepatic, kidney, and brain LPO; and a decrease in superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379067/mercury-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-seafood-intake-are-not-associated-with-heart-rate-variability-or-qt-interval
#12
Charles Miller, Roxanne Karimi, Susan Silbernagel, Danielle Kostrubiak, Frederick Schiavone, Qiao Zhang, Jie Yang, Eric Rashba, Jaymie R Meliker
Mercury (Hg), eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations differ across seafood types. Our aim was to investigate the association of Hg, EPA and DHA, as well as avid consumption of diverse seafood types on cardiovascular variables heart rate variability (HRV) and QT interval duration (QTc) in a contemporary population. We measured HRV and QTc by Holter monitor, EPA and DHA in plasma, total Hg in whole blood, and possible confounders in ninety-four avid seafood consumers from Long Island, NY...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375782/the-potential-hazardous-effect-of-exposure-to-iron-dust-in-egyptian-smoking-and-non-smoking-welders
#13
Naglaa Abd El Khalik Gobba, Abdel-Maksoud A Hussien, Dalia E El Sharawy, Mohammed Abdalla Hussein
Exposure to iron dust and welding fumes is widespread and may increase the risk of lung inflammation. The aim of this study was to identify associations between exposure to iron/ welding fumes and the levels of inflammatory parameters and allergic mediators among 120 Egyptian males. Forty non-smoking and 40 smoking Egyptian welders as well as 40 healthy volunteers who were never exposed to welding fumes and non-smoking were enrolled in the study. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) that were assessed at the shift of work in the working days revealed an impairment in lung function with the smoking workers showing the worse results, followed by the non-smoking ones as compared to the healthy volunteers...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353410/between-distrust-of-science-and-scientism
#14
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350250/proactive-outreach-smoking-cessation-programme-for-chinese-employees-in-china
#15
Man Ping Wang, Yi Nam Suen, William Ho Cheung Li, Oi Sze Lau, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318430/factors-contributing-to-intercity-commercial-bus-drivers-crash-involvement-risk
#16
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of demographic, environmental, and occupational factors as well as behavioral characteristics of intercity bus drivers on their crash involvement risk. A total of 107 intercity bus drivers from Tehran, Iran, participated in the study. Logistic regression model suggested that smokers, those who drive during night to morning, less experienced drivers, and those who operate older buses are more likely to be involved in crashes. In addition, a 1-unit increase in the weekly driving hours might significantly increase the drivers' crash involvement risk...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287950/comment-on-anxiety-and-depression-predict-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-health-care-workers-by-del-campo-et-al
#17
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287931/assessment-and-characterization-of-sound-pressure-levels-in-portuguese-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#18
Joana Santos, Carlos Carvalhais, Ana Xavier, Manuela V Silva
In the NICU, systematic exposure to sound-pressure above the recommended level can affect both neonates and staff. This study aimed to evaluate the sound pressure levels in three Portuguese NICUs and the noise perceptions of staff. The measurements were performed with a sound-level meter, considering the location of the main sources of noise and the layout of the units. A questionnaire was applied to assess noise perceptions of professionals. Among the staff, 41.1% classified the environment (regarding noise) as "slightly uncomfortable"; 48...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287924/individual-and-work-related-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-among-computer-workers-in-nigeria
#19
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Paschal Nzubechukwu Okorie, Deborah Onyinyechukwu Duru, Elochukwu Fortune Ezenwankwo
We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and the association of 1-month prevalence with individual and work-related factors among commercial typists in Enugu. Participants responded to a questionnaire about occurrences of MSP and a 75.6% (242/320) response rate was achieved. Prevalence was summarized in frequencies and percentages while associations between MSPs and risk factors were explored using chi-square. MSP was most common in the low back (58.3%), and low back pain limited 51.7% from activities between 1 and 30 days...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272999/socio-economic-factors-and-heavy-drinking-over-the-course-of-the-week-among-job-seekers-with-at-risk-alcohol-use
#20
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
This paper investigates the influence of socio-economic factors on heavy drinking over the course of the week. As part of a randomized controlled trial, 1,282 job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies and reported number of drinks consumed on each day in the past week. Latent growth curve models were calculated to represent variations of alcohol use. School education and duration of lifetime unemployment were tested as predictors; socio-demographic variables were integrated as covariates...
March 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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