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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Maria Valeria Rosati, Francesco Tomei, Beatrice Loreti, Teodorico Casale, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Giancarlo Altissimi, Gianfranco Tomei, Andrea Bernardini, Alessandra Di Marzio, Carmina Sacco, Barbara Scala, Serafino Ricci, Angela Sancini
The study aims to compare the distortion products otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) with the pure-tone audiometric and to analyze the changes in subjects exposed to noise. The results show a prevalence of subjects with impaired DPOAEs higher than the prevalence of subjects with impaired audiometries in the total sample, in men and in outdoor workers; a prevalence of impaired DPOAEs and of impaired audiometries in men higher than in women and in outdoor workers higher than in indoor workers. The comparison of mean values between outdoor and indoor workers shows a significant difference only on some frequencies, in the DP-gram...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Zaina Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al Zoughool
This study assessed the nature, prevalence, and risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) in dental clinics. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 515 dental students and dentists about nature of work and prevalence and frequency of MS symptoms. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables. Pain in the lower back (64%) and neck (60%) were the most prevalent MS. Working in the dental colleges' clinics was associated with increased risk of MS (adjusted OR 2...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yi-Hao Weng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu
This study investigated the temperature-specific risks of adverse neonatal outcomes in Taiwan. Over 2 million births between 2001 and 2010 were correlated with the daily mean outdoor temperatures at birth. A log-binomial model was used to estimate the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in relation to ambient temperature at birth after adjusting for possible confounders. There was a significant correlation of temperature extremes with stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Maternal exposure to temperature extremes carried greater risks of stillbirth (> 23...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Allen Kraut, Aaron Thompson, Stephen Martin, Sidney Siu
The objectives of this survey were to identify the practice patterns of Canadian physicians working in the field of occupational medicine and to determine whether the type of certification influences the nature of the work they perform in the field. An Internet-based survey was conducted in September 2015 of members of the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association of Canada. Eighty-six Canadian-based occupational medicine physicians completed the survey (response rate 36%). These physicians performed a wide variety of tasks (12 ± 6), with few spending most of their time doing a single task...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hera Angela M Pagalilauan, Cielo Emar M Paraoan, Pierangeli G Vital
Payatas landfill site is one of the major dumpsites in the Philippines. In this study, the landfill was evaluated regarding the presence and concentration of pathogenic bacterial aerosols through culture and molecular techniques. Bioaerosols are biological airborne particles that may or may not cause diseases. Active sampling was done using MAS-100 Air Sampler from both indoor and outdoor locations. To test the accuracy of the culture method, those that were presumptively identified as Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were subjected to molecular analysis using 16s rRNA sequencing, and as a result, they were identified as different species...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Saoudi Mongi, Ines Ben Hmida, Wassim Kammoun, Faouzi Ben Rebah, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
The present study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of sardinella pilchardis fish oil and vitamin E against chlorpyrifos (CPF) induced liver, kidney, and brain oxidative damage in female rats. The rats were divided into six experimental groups: the control group, the group treated with fish oil, the group received fish oil for two weeks and CPF orally (for 7 days), the group treated only with CPF, the group treated with vitamin E for two weeks and CPF (for 7 days) and the group treated with vitamin E...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Charles Miller, Roxanne Karimi, Susan Silbernagel, Danielle Kostrubiak, Frederick Schiavone, Qiao Zhang, Jie Yang, Eric Rashba, Jaymie R Meliker
Mercury (Hg), eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations differ across seafood types. Our aim was to investigate the association of Hg, EPA and DHA, as well as avid consumption of diverse seafood types on cardiovascular variables heart rate variability (HRV) and QT interval duration (QTc) in a contemporary population. We measured HRV and QTc by Holter monitor, EPA and DHA in plasma, total Hg in whole blood, and possible confounders in ninety-four avid seafood consumers from Long Island, NY...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Naglaa Abd El Khalik Gobba, Abdel-Maksoud A Hussien, Dalia E El Sharawy, Mohammed Abdalla Hussein
Exposure to iron dust and welding fumes is widespread and may increase the risk of lung inflammation. The aim of this study was to identify associations between exposure to iron/ welding fumes and the levels of inflammatory parameters and allergic mediators among 120 Egyptian males. Forty non-smoking and 40 smoking Egyptian welders as well as 40 healthy volunteers who were never exposed to welding fumes and non-smoking were enrolled in the study. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) that were assessed at the shift of work in the working days revealed an impairment in lung function with the smoking workers showing the worse results, followed by the non-smoking ones as compared to the healthy volunteers...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Man Ping Wang, Yi Nam Suen, William Ho Cheung Li, Oi Sze Lau, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mohammad Mehdi Besharati, Ali Tavakoli Kashani
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of demographic, environmental, and occupational factors as well as behavioral characteristics of intercity bus drivers on their crash involvement risk. A total of 107 intercity bus drivers from Tehran, Iran, participated in the study. Logistic regression model suggested that smokers, those who drive during night to morning, less experienced drivers, and those who operate older buses are more likely to be involved in crashes. In addition, a 1-unit increase in the weekly driving hours might significantly increase the drivers' crash involvement risk...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Joana Santos, Carlos Carvalhais, Ana Xavier, Manuela V Silva
In the NICU, systematic exposure to sound-pressure above the recommended level can affect both neonates and staff. This study aimed to evaluate the sound pressure levels in three Portuguese NICUs and the noise perceptions of staff. The measurements were performed with a sound-level meter, considering the location of the main sources of noise and the layout of the units. A questionnaire was applied to assess noise perceptions of professionals. Among the staff, 41.1% classified the environment (regarding noise) as "slightly uncomfortable"; 48...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Paschal Nzubechukwu Okorie, Deborah Onyinyechukwu Duru, Elochukwu Fortune Ezenwankwo
We investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and the association of 1-month prevalence with individual and work-related factors among commercial typists in Enugu. Participants responded to a questionnaire about occurrences of MSP and a 75.6% (242/320) response rate was achieved. Prevalence was summarized in frequencies and percentages while associations between MSPs and risk factors were explored using chi-square. MSP was most common in the low back (58.3%), and low back pain limited 51.7% from activities between 1 and 30 days...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
This paper investigates the influence of socio-economic factors on heavy drinking over the course of the week. As part of a randomized controlled trial, 1,282 job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies and reported number of drinks consumed on each day in the past week. Latent growth curve models were calculated to represent variations of alcohol use. School education and duration of lifetime unemployment were tested as predictors; socio-demographic variables were integrated as covariates...
March 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yasuo Nakahara, Takashi Yorifuji, Toshihide Kubo, Hiroyuki Doi
Risk factors for intussusception have only rarely been reported. We examined the association between the risk of hospital admission for intussusception and maternal smoking, using nationwide population-based longitudinal survey begun in Japan in 2010. Maternal smoking status was queried at 6 months of age, and responses to questions at 18 months of age about history of hospitalization for intussusception during the previous year were used as an outcome of interest. We conducted logistic regression analyses controlling for potential confounding factors...
February 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jennifer Rusiecki, Patricia Stewart, Dara Lee, Melannie Alexander, Srmena Krstev, Debra Silverman, Aaron Blair
In a previous analysis of a cohort of shipyard workers, we found excess mortality from all causes, lung cancer, and mesothelioma for longer work durations and in specific occupations. Here, we expand the previous analyses by evaluating mortality associated with five chemical exposures: asbestos, solvents, lead, oils/greases, and wood dust. Data were gathered retrospectively for 4,702 workers employed at the Coast Guard Shipyard, Baltimore, MD (1950-1964). The cohort was traced through 2001 for vital status...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hala Samir Abou-ElWafa, Ahmed A Albadry, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Ahmed Fawzi Ismael
This cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura, Egypt to assess the prevalence of occupational dermatoses and their possible risk factors on a convenience sample of car mechanics. Sociodemographic and occupational data were collected, and clinical examination was done. Prevalence of skin diseases was 45.4% and that of exclusively occupational skin diseases was 9.2%. Irritant contact dermatitis, eczema, and tar/oil acne were the most common types (4.6%, 3.1%, 3.1%, respectively). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of occupational dermatoses increased significantly with lack of use of personal protective equipment, longer duration of work, and presence of workplace chemicals (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] were 7...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Rahul Jain, M L Meena, G S Dangayach, A K Bhardwaj
The current study is aimed at recognizing the risk factors for major work-related issues (ie, musculoskeletal disorders [MSDs]) among 138 manual-working farmers. Data were collected using modified Standardized Nordic Questionnaire and the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment score sheet. Different factors influencing MSDs were detected using logistic regression methods. The highest occurrence rate for MSDs was observed in the lower back (71.4%), followed by fingers (62.1%), shoulders (56.4%), and hands/wrists (55%)...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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