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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Tania Maria de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the aggregation of four leisure behaviors and the association between the number of leisure behaviors and common mental disorders (CMD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a representative sample of healthcare workers of Brazil. The aggregation of the types of leisure activities was assessed by comparing the prevalence observed with the expected prevalence. The logistic regression analysis evaluated the association between the number of leisure behaviors and CMD...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Elizabeth P Norheim, Mary Helen Black, Eunis W Ngor, Jiaxiao M Shi, Marc R Safran, Ronald A Navarro
BACKGROUND: Minimal research exists regarding cervical spine disorders in surgeons who perform endoscopy. METHODS: A confidential on-line survey regarding neck pain (NP), spine disease (SD), and radiculopathy/myelopathy (R/M) was sent to 722 surgeons from a managed, group-based health care system. RESULTS: 415 responded. 361░had endoscopy experience, of whom 24.4% had NP, 20.8% SD, and 3.9% R/M. Most respondents were less than 50 years of age (62...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yamna Taouk, Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne
The study investigated the association between psychosocial job quality and body mass index (BMI) by sex. Regression models examining potential differences in the job stressor-BMI relationship between men and women were conducted using longitudinal data from working Australians and a psychosocial job stressor index. There was strong evidence of an association between psychosocial job stressors and BMI for females but not males. Compared with no psychosocial job stressors, 1 adversity was associated with 0.13 kg/m2 (95% CI: -0...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Parinya Panuwet, Chandresh Ladva, Dana Boyd Barr, Tippawan Prapamontol, John D Meeker, Priya Esilda D'Souza, Héctor Maldonado, P Barry Ryan, Mark G Robson
We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between pesticide exposures and testosterone levels in 133 male Thai farmers. Urine and serum samples were collected concurrently from participants. Urine was analyzed for levels of specific and nonspecific metabolites of organophosphates (OPs), pyrethroids, select herbicides, and fungicides. Serum was analyzed for total and free testosterone. Linear regression analyses revealed significant negative relationships between total testosterone and the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) after controlling for covariates (eg, age, BMI, smoking status)...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ilana Mayer-Hirshfeld, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Eric Hecht, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
As the United States population ages, there is an expected increase in demand for home health aides (HHAs) therefore it is important to ensure their occupational well-being. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between negative emotions and musculoskeletal pain. Using survey data collected from 285 HHAs we characterize the association between affect and musculoskeletal pain. Affect was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, while musculoskeletal pain was measured using the Brief Pain Inventory...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mujtaba Baqar, Muhammad Arslan, Saddam A Abbasi, Uzma Ashraf, Anam Khalid, Hina Zahid
The present study investigates the noise pollution levels in public and private sector hospitals of Lahore. The noise pollution parameters were investigated from 20 public and 10 private hospitals. We observed that the Leq values varied significantly in different departments of the hospitals as well as at different times of the day. The public sector hospitals had significantly higher noise pollution compared to the private sector hospitals. The Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney two-sample rank-sum test revealed significant difference between noise levels in intensive care unit (ICU) during morning, and in emergency, waiting area, ICU, and reception during daytimes...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Chen-Yin Tung, Yun-Wen Yin, Yi-Ping Zhou, Chia-Chen Chang, Pei-Ying Lin, Chia-Yun Liu
This study was conducted to analyze the effects of health promotion efforts in relation to a workplace accreditation program and differing workplace sizes. The research population for the study consisted of 966 employees working at a total of 84 different worksites located in Taipei, Taiwan. The survey instructions used were developed by the European Network for Workplace Health Promotion (WHP). The results indicated that accredited workplaces have better WHP quality than non-accredited workplaces (p<.001) and commonly implement health promotion measures related to specific health issues...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Nicola Magnavita, Cristina Sestili, Alice Mannocci, Elisa Ercoli, Antonia Boccia, Gloria Bonaga, Simona Sica, Massimo Maurici, Rosaria Alvaro, Alessandro Sili, Claudio Cartoni, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: HCWs in UHUs face high job demand that can have adverse health effects. OBJECTIVE: Investigate relationship between some job stressors and health-related quality of life among HCWs of three UHUs in Rome. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Work-related stress was measured with Demand-Control Questionnaire; health-related functioning with MCS and PCS of SF-12 Survey; positivity with Positivity Scale. RESULTS: Data of 201 respondents were analyzed...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jelena Pajic, Dubravka Jovicic, Aleksandar P S Milovanovic
Human genotoxic exposures can occur environmentally, occupationally, or medicinally. The aim of this study was to assess cytogenetic damage (chromosomal aberrations and micronuclei) in persons exposed to chemical agents in medical, agricultural, and industrial occupations. The results showed influences of age, gender, occurrence, and duration of exposure on the extent of cytogenetic damage, but no influence of smoking. Persons exposed to pesticides were allocated significantly higher values of most examined parameters...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Grant Quiller, Jennifer Krenz, Kristie Ebi, Jeremy J Hess, Richard A Fenske, Paul D Sampson, Mengjie Pan, June T Spector
Recent studies suggest that heat exposure degrades work productivity, but such studies have not considered individual- and workplace-level factors. Forty-six tree-fruit harvesters (98% Latino/a) from 6 orchards participated in a cross-sectional study in central/eastern Washington in 2015. The association between maximum measured work-shift wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGTmax) and productivity (total weight of fruit bins collected per time worked) was estimated using linear mixed-effects models, adjusting for relevant confounders...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Junghee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to an ST walking program enhanced (enhanced treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings; the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend toward increased psychosocial strain at work among home-care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analyzed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Lucía G Pruneda-Alvarez, Tania Ruíz-Vera, Angeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
This study aimed to determine t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA; exposure biomarker for benzene) and hippuric acid (HA; exposure biomarker for toluene) concentrations in the urine of women living in Mexico. In a cross-sectional study, apparently healthy women (n = 104) were voluntarily recruited from localities with a high risk of air pollution; t,t-MA and HA in urine were quantified using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. Mean urinary levels of t,t-MA ranged from 680 to 1,310 μg/g creatinine...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the effects of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Neelima Afroz Molla, Ghaffar Ali, Kabirul Ahsan Mollah, Waranya Wongwit, Oleg Shipin, Pongrama Ramasoota, Husna Parvin Nur
This study quantifies the diarrhea burden among migrant children under age 5 (who have migrated due to environmental degradation) in Dhaka. We used a multifactor socioepidemiological as well as environmental approach with pretested questionnaires and observations. It was found that 52% of the children were affected by diarrhea. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost was reduced manifold with the increase of mothers' behavioral determinants. Health losses were 1,718 fold with significant coefficient (β) in the migrant group...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
César González-Ramírez, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Diego Peral-Pacheco
The extreme variability of temporary disability duration has a deep effect in public health. We tried to understand what factors duration of disability depends on. Through cohort study with data of temporary disabilities collected by Ibermutuamur from 2008 to 2012, we used statistical multivariate methods. The most reliable and convenient algorithm to predict duration was a categorical classification tree that distinguished between brief and long disabilities, taking into account both medical-biological and socioeconomic factors...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Adam Hege, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mike Perko, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack
Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress, has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress, and CMD risk for a sample of US long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A nonexperimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 US LHTDs at a major truck stop...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mathias B Forrester
Elemental and organic mercury are extremely toxic. All mercury exposures reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2013 were identified. The cases were divided into multiple- and single-person exposure groups and compared, including identification of statistically significant differences (SSDs). There were 6,521 single-person exposures and 214 multiple-person incidents involving 734 total persons; 45% and 27% of the multiple- and single-person exposures, respectively, involved patients aged 6-19 years (SSD)...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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