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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Jia Wei, Junfeng Jim Zhang, John S Ji
OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore the association between blood heavy metal concentrations of cadmium, lead, and mercury with ever-report of eczema in the US population. METHODS: We used NHANES cross-sectional data from 2005-2006. Eczema was measured among 4509 adults and 3898 non-adults. The association between eczema and tertiles of concentrations of cadmium, lead, mercury was estimated using multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for different confounding variables...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Selma Metintas, Guntulu Ak, Muzaffer Metintas
The aim of the study was to examine factors associated with Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) incidence rate of the groups with occupational asbestos and environmental asbestos or erionite exposure in rural area. In this ecological study, a total of 21 cohort datasets (8 environmental and 13 occupational) were evaluated. Data were analyzed using a multiple linear regression analysis model. In environmental cohorts, the risk of MM incidence was higher in women and people exposed to erionite. In this cohort, the incidence rate of MM increased as the median exposure time increased, while the incidence decreased as the median cumulative exposure dose increased...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Emily R Watkins, Mark Hayes, Peter Watt, Alan J Richardson
Analysis of Fire Service Instructors (FSI) working practices and health is needed to minimise health risks related to heat illness, cardiovascular events and immunological stress. Online surveys were distributed to UK FSI and Firefighters (FF). One hundred and thirty FSI (age: 43±7yrs) and 232 FF (age: 41±8yrs) responded. FSI experienced 2-10 live fires per week, with 45% of FSI reporting management does not set a limit on the number of exposures. Few FSI followed hydration guidelines, or cooling methods...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Meg Perceval, Kairi Kõlves, Victoria Ross, Prasuna Reddy, Diego De Leo
Farmers and farm workers have been recognised as a group at high risk of suicide in Australia. This study aims to identify and better understand environmental factors associated with suicide among Australian farmers and farm workers. Qualitative analysis was undertaken in accordance with the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research. Male and female focus groups were conducted separately with people who lived or worked on a farm in six farming communities. Qualitative analyses showed that a number of environmental influences may contribute to the increased risk of suicide: extreme climatic events; isolation; service availability; access to, and frequent use of firearms; death and suffering of animals; government and legislation; technology; and property values...
March 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Rafael E de la Hoz, Jonathan Weber, Dongming Xu, John T Doucette, Xiaoyu Liu, Deborah A Carson, Juan C Celedón
We examined the chest CT scans of 1,453 WTC responders using the International Classification of High-resolution CT for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases. Univariate and bivariate analyses of potential work-related pleural abnormalities were performed with pre-WTC and WTC-related occupational exposure data, spirometry, demographics and quantitative CT measurements. Logistic regression was used to evaluate occupational predictors of those abnormalities. Chest CT scans were performed first at a median of 6...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Sari Mullola, Christian Hakulinen, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Justin Presseau, Markus Jokela, Jukka Vänskä, Tiina Paunio, Marko Elovainio
We examined whether physicians' personality traits moderate the association between medical specialty and well-being at work. Nationally representative sample of Finnish physicians (n = 2,815; 65% women; aged 25 to 72 years in 2015) was used. Personality was assessed with the shortened Big Five Inventory. Indicators of well-being at work were measured with scales from Work Ability Index, General Health Questionnaire, Jenkins' Sleep Problems Scale and Suicidal Ideation. Higher extraversion, openness to experience and agreeableness showed as personality traits beneficial for higher well-being at work among person-oriented specialties whereas higher conscientiousness but lower openness and agreeableness showed as personality traits beneficial for higher well-being at work among technique-oriented specialties...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Abhrajyoti Tarafdar, Alok Sinha
The total concentrations of thirteen detected PAHs in different traffic soil samples of Dhanbad heavy mining area, India, were between 8.256 - 12.562░µg/g and were dominated by four ring PAHs (44%). Diagnostic ratio study revealed that fossil fuel burning and vehicular pollution are the most prominent sources of the PAHs in roadside soil even at a heavy coal mining area. The 90th percentiles cancer risks determined by probabilistic health risk assessment (Monte Carlo simulations) for both the age groups (children and adults) were above tolerable limit (>1...
February 26, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Heather J Avens, Joshua R Maskrey, Allison L Insley, Kenneth M Unice, Rachel C D Reid, Jennifer Sahmel
Few studies have evaluated airborne exposures to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) during operation of two-stroke and four-stroke small engines, such as those in lawn maintenance equipment. Full-shift, 8-hour personal samples were collected during a simulation study to characterize yard maintenance activities including mowing, trimming, and fueling. Short-term, 15-minute personal samples were collected to separately evaluate mowing and trimming exposures. Mean 8-hour time weighted average (TWA) BTEX concentrations were 2...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Crispin Pierce, Ethan Fuhrman, Pang Xiong-Yang, Jacob Kentnich, Peter Husnik, Jonathan Dahlen, Ruijian Liang, John Awad
To quantify risk of ambient exposure to airborne particulates around industrial silica sand operations, this study used EPA-certified federal reference method monitors to measure the levels of PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter. The monitoring sites were chosen based upon EPA siting criteria, dichotomous samplers were calibrated before and after sampling, and pre- and post-weight filter weights were recorded. PM2.5 levels were significantly higher (paired t-tests) at both sites - averages of 7.70 ± 6.15 and 22...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ali Naci Yildiz, Tahir Metin Piskin, Mehmet Erdem Alaguney, Ozlem Kar Kurt, Ahmet Ozlu, Mustafa Kemal Başaralı
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of ODs is below expectations. The approaches of family physicians is very important. In this study, we aimed to evaluate attitudes and behaviors of family physicians about ODs. METHODS: The questionnaire was first sent to family physicians via e-mail. Of 3663 responders, 3090 replies were included to study. RESULTS: 44.1% of them stated they obtained detailed occupational history. In logistic regression analysis, physicians who obtained detailed occupational history, discussed with occupational physician about their patients' health, had education about ODs and those who stated that they wanted to receive training in ODs were more likely to refer their patient...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Takashi Yorifuji, Saori Kashima, Made Ayu Hitapretiwi Suryadhi, Kawuli Abudureyimu
We examined the association between acute exposure to sulfur dioxide (SO2) and mortality, using historical data from 1972-1991 in Yokkaichi, Japan. We used a time-stratified case-crossover study design. We included all causes of death, excluding external causes, between 1972 and 1991 in Yokkaichi and the neighboring town, Kusu of the Mie Prefecture (N = 29,839). We obtained daily estimations of SO2 concentrations during the study period. We then conducted conditional logistic regression analysis to examine association between SO2 exposure and all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
January 31, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Zertashia Akram, Sadaf Riaz, Mahmood Akhtar Kayani, Sarwat Jahan, Malik Waqar Ahmad, Muhammad Abaid Ullah, Hizbullah Wazir, Ishrat Mahjabeen
Oxidative stress and DNA damage are considered as possible mechanisms involved in lead toxicity. To test this hypothesis, DNA damage and expression variations of aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), and 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 2a (OGG1-2a) genes was studied in a cohort of 100 exposed workers and 100 controls with comet assay and real-time polymerse chain reaction (PCR). Results indicated that increased number of comets was observed in exposed workers versus controls (p < 0...
January 16, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Zaina Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al Zoughool
This study assessed the nature, prevalence, and risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) in dental clinics. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 515 dental students and dentists about nature of work and prevalence and frequency of MS symptoms. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables. Pain in the lower back (64%) and neck (60%) were the most prevalent MS. Working in the dental colleges' clinics was associated with increased risk of MS (adjusted OR 2...
January 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yi-Hao Weng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu
This study investigated the temperature-specific risks of adverse neonatal outcomes in Taiwan. Over 2 million births between 2001 and 2010 were correlated with the daily mean outdoor temperatures at birth. A log-binomial model was used to estimate the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in relation to ambient temperature at birth after adjusting for possible confounders. There was a significant correlation of temperature extremes with stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Maternal exposure to temperature extremes carried greater risks of stillbirth (> 23...
January 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jennifer Rusiecki, Patricia Stewart, Dara Lee, Melannie Alexander, Srmena Krstev, Debra Silverman, Aaron Blair
In a previous analysis of a cohort of shipyard workers, we found excess mortality from all causes, lung cancer, and mesothelioma for longer work durations and in specific occupations. Here, we expand the previous analyses by evaluating mortality associated with 5 chemical exposures: asbestos, solvents, lead, oils/greases, and wood dust. Data were gathered retrospectively for 4,702 workers employed at the Coast Guard Shipyard, Baltimore, MD (1950-1964). The cohort was traced through 2001 for vital status. Associations between mortality and these 5 exposures were calculated via standardized mortality ratios (SMRs)...
January 2, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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