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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Soma Giri, Abhay Kumar Singh
Metal contamination was studied in locally rearing chicken and eggs in the environs of mining areas of Singhbhum copper belt. Concentrations of metals were below Indian standards except for Cu, Ni and Zn in the case of chicken at some locations. Estimated daily intake (EDI) and target hazard quotient (THQ) suggested that the metals did not pose risk individually. However, considering the geometric mean of the metals, hazard index (HI) was above unity. Cu, Pb and Co were the key components contributing to a potential noncarcinogenic risk...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Ali Al-Qubtan, Jaber Al-Lawati, Assad Al-Habsi, Mohammed Al-Shuraiqi, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam
This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depressive Symptoms among medical students in Oman. Then, it explored whether the three-dimensional aspects of Burnout Syndrome (High Emotional Exhaustion, High Cynicism and Low Academic Efficacy) would predict the presence of Depressive Symptoms in a logistic regression model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical students of Sultan Qaboos University. 662 students participated in the study with a response rate of 98%...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Pattama Senthong, Sivasit Wittayasilp
The purpose of this study was to measure the concentration of carbon black and BTEXs at three photocopy centers and to assess the health risk following exposure. Air samples were collected by sampling in the breathing zone of workers during the class and examination periods. The results found that the concentration of carbon black before operation was higher than morning and afternoon in both class and examination periods. These levels are considerably lower than the suggested limited value set by OSHA. Toluene had the highest concentration but did not exceed of recommended exposure limit by NIOSH...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Laura Reynolds, Cara N Halldin, A Scott Laney, David J Blackley
The Part 90 program was designed to prevent progression of pneumoconiosis in U.S. coal miners by establishing their right to transfer to a less dusty job in the mine. We calculated the proportion of Part 90-eligible miners who participated during 1986-2016, examined participation by region, and compared characteristics of miners by participation status. Of the 3,547 eligible miners, 14.4% exercised their Part 90 option. Miners working in states outside central Appalachia, and those with more severe pneumoconiosis, were more likely to participate...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Todd D Smith, David M DeJoy, Mari-Amanda Aimee Dyal, Gaojian Huang
Little research has explored burnout and its causes in the American fire service. Data were collected from career firefighters in the southeastern United States (n = 208) to explore these relationships. A hierarchical regression model was tested to examine predictors of burnout including sociodemographic characteristics (model 1), work pressure (model 2), work stress and work-family conflict (model 3) and interaction terms (model 4). The main findings suggest that perceived work stress and work-family conflict emerged as the significant predictors of burnout (both p<...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mohamed Ammari, Miryam Elferchichi, Haifa Othman, Mohsen Sakly, Hafedh Abdelmelek
This study investigated the effects of ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) on motor skills, haematological and biochemical parameters in rats. Adult rats were treated with dose of iron (280mg/l, per os) for 15 consecutive days in drinking water. No significant difference was noticed for the motor skill in the stationary beam (p = 0.23) and suspended string tests (p = 0.48) between control and iron treated rats. However, Iron treated rats showed a significant increase in White Blood Cells count (p = 0.01), Mean corpuscular volume values (p = 0...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Tania Maria de Araújo
The objective of this study was to investigate the aggregation of four leisure behaviors and the association between the number of leisure behaviors and common mental disorders (CMD). A cross-sectional study was carried out with a representative sample of healthcare workers of Brazil. The aggregation of the types of leisure activities was assessed by comparing the observed prevalence with the expected prevalence. The logistic regression analysis evaluated the association between the number of leisure behaviors and CMD...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Elizabeth P Norheim, Mary Helen Black, Eunis W Ngor, Jiaxiao M Shi, Marc R Safran, Ronald A Navarro
BACKGROUND: Minimal research exists regarding cervical spine disorders in surgeons who perform endoscopy. METHODS: A confidential on-line survey regarding neck pain (NP), spine disease (SD), and radiculopathy/myelopathy (R/M) was sent to 722 surgeons from a managed, group-based health care system. RESULTS: 415 responded. 361░had endoscopy experience, of whom 24.4% had NP, 20.8% SD, and 3.9% R/M. Most respondents were less than 50 years of age (62...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Grant Quiller, Jennifer Krenz, Kristie Ebi, Jeremy J Hess, Richard A Fenske, Paul D Sampson, Mengjie Pan, June T Spector
Recent studies suggest that heat exposure degrades work productivity, but such studies have not considered individual- and workplace-level factors. Forty-six tree-fruit harvesters (98% Latino/a) from 6 orchards participated in a cross-sectional study in central/eastern Washington in 2015. The association between maximum measured work-shift wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGTmax) and productivity (total weight of fruit bins collected per time worked) was estimated using linear mixed-effects models, adjusting for relevant confounders...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sunghye Cho, JoEllen Wilbur, Junghee Kim, Chang-Gi Park, Young-Me Lee, Haryong Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a standard treatment (ST) walking program compared to an ST walking program enhanced (enhanced treatment, ET) on cardiovascular health outcomes among Korean-Chinese female migrant workers in Korea. A quasi-experimental sequential design was used. A total of 132 Korean-Chinese women without contraindications to physical activity participated in the study. Both ST and ET groups had monthly goal settings; the ET group received text messages to encourage walking adherence and acculturation...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend toward increased psychosocial strain at work among home-care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analyzed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Lucía G Pruneda-Alvarez, Tania Ruíz-Vera, Angeles C Ochoa-Martínez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
This study aimed to determine t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA; exposure biomarker for benzene) and hippuric acid (HA; exposure biomarker for toluene) concentrations in the urine of women living in Mexico. In a cross-sectional study, apparently healthy women (n = 104) were voluntarily recruited from localities with a high risk of air pollution; t,t-MA and HA in urine were quantified using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique. Mean urinary levels of t,t-MA ranged from 680 to 1,310 μg/g creatinine...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the effects of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Neelima Afroz Molla, Ghaffar Ali, Kabirul Ahsan Mollah, Waranya Wongwit, Oleg Shipin, Pongrama Ramasoota, Husna Parvin Nur
This study quantifies the diarrhea burden among migrant children under age 5 (who have migrated due to environmental degradation) in Dhaka. We used a multifactor socioepidemiological as well as environmental approach with pretested questionnaires and observations. It was found that 52% of the children were affected by diarrhea. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost was reduced manifold with the increase of mothers' behavioral determinants. Health losses were 1,718 fold with significant coefficient (β) in the migrant group...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
César González-Ramírez, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Diego Peral-Pacheco
The extreme variability of temporary disability duration has a deep effect in public health. We tried to understand what factors duration of disability depends on. Through cohort study with data of temporary disabilities collected by Ibermutuamur from 2008 to 2012, we used statistical multivariate methods. The most reliable and convenient algorithm to predict duration was a categorical classification tree that distinguished between brief and long disabilities, taking into account both medical-biological and socioeconomic factors...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yamna Taouk, Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne
The study investigated the association between psychosocial job quality and body mass index (BMI) by sex. Regression models examining potential differences in the job stressor-BMI relationship between men and women were conducted using longitudinal data from working Australians and a psychosocial job stressor index. There was strong evidence of an association between psychosocial job stressors and BMI for females but not males. Compared with no psychosocial job stressors, 1 adversity was associated with 0.13 kg/m2 (95% CI: -0...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Parinya Panuwet, Chandresh Ladva, Dana Boyd Barr, Tippawan Prapamontol, John D Meeker, Priya Esilda D'Souza, Héctor Maldonado, P Barry Ryan, Mark G Robson
We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between pesticide exposures and testosterone levels in 133 male Thai farmers. Urine and serum samples were collected concurrently from participants. Urine was analyzed for levels of specific and nonspecific metabolites of organophosphates (OPs), pyrethroids, select herbicides, and fungicides. Serum was analyzed for total and free testosterone. Linear regression analyses revealed significant negative relationships between total testosterone and the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) after controlling for covariates (eg, age, BMI, smoking status)...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Ilana Mayer-Hirshfeld, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Eric Hecht, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
As the United States population ages, there is an expected increase in demand for home health aides (HHAs) therefore it is important to ensure their occupational well-being. Previous studies have demonstrated associations between negative emotions and musculoskeletal pain. Using survey data collected from 285 HHAs we characterize the association between affect and musculoskeletal pain. Affect was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, while musculoskeletal pain was measured using the Brief Pain Inventory...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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