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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Luisa Maria Roberta Tedesco, Pietro Ferrara, Lucia Stromillo, Antonio Arnese, Luciana Albano
The study offers an insight regarding seafarers' perceptions towards factors of psychological distress on board. In order to identify stressors on sea-workers, a cross-sectional survey was conducted, targeting a population group of workers of Italian shipping companies sailing across the world. The research aimed to investigate workers' demographic and professional characteristics and in what ways them influence perception of job fatigue, using an Italian version of the Karasek questionnaire. The 80.1% of the involved seafarers returned the questionnaire, yielding a mean level of perceived job demand of 32...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This paper compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate, bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid insecticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and non-farmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and non-farmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detections of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites were less frequent, but substantial among the non-farmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Iben Risager Knudsen, Jens Peter Bonde, Sesilje Bondo Petersen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of preterm birth following physically strenuous work during pregnancy. METHODS: We included 343 pregnant women referred to an occupational clinic. Data on preterm birth and covariates were retrieved from the Danish Birth Registry. Risk estimates were computed by logistic regression using a population sample of gainfully employed women as reference (n = 345,915). RESULTS: The risk of preterm birth was increased in women lifting heavy loads during pregnancy (OR 1...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Takashi Yorifuji, Takushi Sato, Toru Yoneda, Yoshiomi Kishida, Sumie Yamamoto, Taro Sakai, Hiroshi Sashiyama, Shuko Takahashi, Hayato Orui, Daisuke Kato, Taro Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Suzuki, Maki Okamoto, Hideki Hayashi, Shigeru Suganami
Two huge earthquakes struck Kumamoto, Japan in April 2016, forcing local residents to evacuate. Few studies have reported early-phase disease and injury trends among evacuees following major inland earthquakes. We evaluated the trends among evacuees who visited a medical clinic in a shelter located at the epicenter of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes. The clinic opened on April 15, the day after the foreshock, and closed 3 weeks later. We reviewed medical charts related to 929 outpatient visits and conducted descriptive analyses...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Amber Brooke Trueblood, Eva M Shipp
In the United States, there is limited literature on occupational pesticide exposures despite being associated with adverse health outcomes, including large states, such as Texas. The purpose of this paper is to characterize occupational pesticide poison center exposures in Texas. Descriptive statistics were used to describe exposures (e.g., exposure routes, type of pesticide, medical outcome, clinical effects, and temporal/seasonal patterns). From 2000 to 2015, there were 2,303 occupational pesticide poison center exposures...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Emma H Wyeth, Brett Maclennan, Michelle Lambert, Gabrielle Davie, Rebbecca Lilley, Sarah Derrett
An important rehabilitation outcome for injured Māori is a timely sustainable return to work. This article identifies the factors influencing working after injury in an attempt to reduce the individual, social, and economic costs. Māori participants in the Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study were interviewed about preinjury and injury-related factors. Among Māori participants, 521 were working for pay prior to injury; 64% were working 3 months postinjury. Factors identified, using modified Poisson regression, that predicted working include financial security (aRR = 1...
May 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Danielle Wajngarten, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Ana Carolina Botta, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso Garcia
This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scale in Brazilian and American dental students and assess the influence of demographic variables on disability in them. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with a nonprobabilistic sample. The sample was composed of students of both genders from the School of Dentistry of Araraquara, State University of São Paulo (UNESP) (n = 288), and students from Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA (n = 149)...
May 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Piero Lovreglio, Giovanni De Filippis, Brizio Tamborrino, Ignazio Drago, Rossana Rotondi, Annamaria Gallone, Matteo Paganelli, Pietro Apostoli, Leonardo Soleo
The contribution of biological and environmental monitoring to the risk assessment of occupational exposure to lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and antimony (Sb) was studied in 18 workers at a birdshot factory (Exposed) and in 18 control workers (Controls) by the determination of both airborne Pb (PbA) and airborne As (AsA) only in the exposed workers and blood Pb (PbB), erythrocytic zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP), urinary Sb (SbU), and the urinary As species in exposed workers and controls. PbA (12-42 μg/m(3)) and AsA (1-4 μg/m(3)) were strongly correlated (r = ...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Stefan Mielke, Dirk Taeger, Kerstin Weitmann, Thomas Brüning, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Inhaled crystalline quartz is a carcinogen. Analyses show differences in the distribution of lung cancer types depending on the status of silicosis. Using 2,524 lung tumor cases from the WISMUT autopsy repository database, silicosis was differentiated into cases without silicosis in lung parenchyma and its lymph nodes, with lymph node-only silicosis, or with lung silicosis including lymph node silicosis. The proportions of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and small-cell lung carcinoma mortality for increasing quartz exposures were estimated in a multinomial logistic regression model...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Maria Valeria Rosati, Francesco Tomei, Beatrice Loreti, Teodorico Casale, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Giancarlo Altissimi, Gianfranco Tomei, Andrea Bernardini, Alessandra Di Marzio, Carmina Sacco, Barbara Scala, Serafino Ricci, Angela Sancini
The study aimed to compare the distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) with the pure-tone audiometry and to analyze the changes in participants exposed to noise. The results show a prevalence of participants with impaired DPOAEs higher than the prevalence of participants with impaired audiometries in the total sample, in men, and in outdoor workers and a prevalence of impaired DPOAEs and of impaired audiometries in men higher than in women and in outdoor workers higher than in indoor workers. The comparison of mean values between outdoor and indoor workers shows a significant difference only on some frequencies, in the DP-gram...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Zaina Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al Zoughool
This study assessed the nature, prevalence, and risk factors of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) in dental clinics. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 515 dental students and dentists about nature of work and prevalence and frequency of MS symptoms. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables. Pain in the lower back (64%) and neck (60%) were the most prevalent MS. Working in the dental colleges' clinics was associated with increased risk of MS (adjusted OR 2...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Yi-Hao Weng, Chun-Yuh Yang, Ya-Wen Chiu
This study investigated the temperature-specific risks of adverse neonatal outcomes in Taiwan. Over 2 million births between 2001 and 2010 were correlated with the daily mean outdoor temperatures at birth. A log-binomial model was used to estimate the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in relation to ambient temperature at birth after adjusting for possible confounders. There was a significant correlation of temperature extremes with stillbirth, preterm birth, and low birth weight. Maternal exposure to temperature extremes carried greater risks of stillbirth (> 23...
April 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Allen Kraut, Aaron Thompson, Stephen Martin, Sidney Siu
The objectives of this survey were to identify the practice patterns of Canadian physicians working in the field of occupational medicine and to determine whether the type of certification influences the nature of the work they perform in the field. An Internet-based survey was conducted in September 2015 of members of the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association of Canada. Eighty-six Canadian-based occupational medicine physicians completed the survey (response rate 36%). These physicians performed a wide variety of tasks (12 ± 6), with few spending most of their time doing a single task...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hera Angela M Pagalilauan, Cielo Emar M Paraoan, Pierangeli G Vital
Payatas landfill site is one of the major dumpsites in the Philippines. In this study, the landfill was evaluated regarding the presence and concentration of pathogenic bacterial aerosols through culture and molecular techniques. Bioaerosols are biological airborne particles that may or may not cause diseases. Active sampling was done using MAS-100 Air Sampler from both indoor and outdoor locations. To test the accuracy of the culture method, those that were presumptively identified as Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae were subjected to molecular analysis using 16s rRNA sequencing, and as a result, they were identified as different species...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mongi Saoudi, Ines Ben Hmida, Wassim Kammoun, Faouzi Ben Rebah, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of Sardinella pilchardis oil and vitamin E against chlorpyrifos- (CPF-) induced liver, kidney, and brain oxidative damage in female rats. The rats were divided into 6 experimental groups: the control group, the group treated with fish oil, the group that received fish oil for 2 weeks and CPF orally for 7 days, the group treated only with CPF, the group treated with vitamin E for 2 weeks and CPF for 7 days, and the group treated with vitamin E. Oral exposure to CPF induced a significant increase in serum biochemical parameters; hepatic, kidney, and brain LPO; and a decrease in superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Charles Miller, Roxanne Karimi, Susan Silbernagel, Danielle Kostrubiak, Frederick Schiavone, Qiao Zhang, Jie Yang, Eric Rashba, Jaymie R Meliker
Mercury (Hg), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations differ across seafood types. Our aim was to investigate the association of Hg, EPA, and DHA, as well as avid consumption of diverse seafood types, with cardiovascular variables heart rate variability (HRV) and QT interval duration (QTc) in a contemporary population. We measured HRV and QTc by Holter monitor, EPA and DHA in plasma, total Hg in whole blood, and possible confounders in 94 avid seafood consumers from Long Island, NY...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Naglaa Abd El Khalik Gobba, Abdelmaksoud Hussein Ali, Dalia E El Sharawy, Mohammed Abdalla Hussein
Exposure to iron dust and welding fumes is widespread and may increase the risk of lung inflammation. The aim of this study was to identify associations between exposure to iron/welding fumes and the levels of inflammatory parameters and allergic mediators among 120 Egyptian men. Forty nonsmoking and 40 smoking Egyptian welders as well as 40 healthy volunteers who were never exposed to welding fumes and were nonsmoking were enrolled in the study. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) assessed at the end of the shift of work on working days revealed an impairment in lung function, with the smoking workers showing the worse results, followed by nonsmoking workers, as compared to healthy volunteers...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI [129, 140]). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality subcategories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI [127, 147]); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI [128, 176]); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI [114, 135]); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI [145, 175]). The results were largely attributed to underground miners, with 61...
July 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Dallas M Cowan, Stacey M Benson, Thales J Cheng, Shelby Hecht, Nancy M Boulos, John Henshaw
OSHA revised the 1971 respiratory protection standard in 1998 to add guidance for selecting and maintaining respirators. Fatality reports from 1990 to 2012 were used to characterize historical trends in fatalities associated with respirators. Industry- and time-specific trends were evaluated to determine the effect of the revision to the standard on respirator-related fatalities; 174 respirator-related deaths were reported. The majority of fatalities were associated with using an airline respirator (n = 34) or the absence of using a respirator in required spaces (n = 38)...
July 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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