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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901416/uncivil-and-malicious-behavior-in-science
#1
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901411/injury-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-mining-smelting-and-refining-workers-in-ontario
#2
Colin J Berriault, Nancy E Lightfoot, Steven K Seilkop, Bruce R Conard
Injury mortality was followed up from 1950 to 2000 in a cohort of 56,576 nickel workers. Injury fatalities were elevated throughout the cohort of never sinter plant workers (SMR = 134, 95% CI: 129-140). Elevations were also observed in injury mortality sub-categories of road, rail, and air (SMR = 137, 95% CI: 127-147); boating and swimming (SMR = 150, 95% CI: 128-176); suicide and possible suicide (SMR = 124, 95% CI: 114-135); and possibly job-related accidents (SMR = 160, 95% CI: 145-175). The results were largely attributed to underground miners with 61...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808663/maternal-smoking-location-at-home-and-hospitalization-for-respiratory-tract-infections-among-children-in-japan
#3
Michiyo Yamakawa, Takashi Yorifuji, Tsuguhiko Kato, Toshihide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Doi
We examined the impacts of maternal smoking location at home on hospitalization for respiratory tract infections among young children in Japan. We used the large nationwide population-based longitudinal survey and restricted study participants to children born after 37 gestational weeks and singleton births (n = 43,851). We evaluated the associations among children between the ages of 6 and 18 months and between the ages of 18 and 30 months, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, both maternal outdoor and indoor smoking were associated with the elevated risk...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797653/migration-health-and-socio-environmental-safety-net-among-children-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#4
Neelima Afroz Molla, Ghaffar Ali, Kabirul Ahsan Mollah, Waranya Wongwit, Oleg Shipin, Pongrama Ramasoota, Husna Parvin Nur
This study quantifies the diarrhea burden among the migrant children under age of 5 (who have been migrated due to environmental degradation) in Dhaka. We used multifactor socio-epidemiological as well as environmental approach with pre-tested questionnaires and observations. It was found that 52% children were affected mostly by diarrhea. Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost was reduced manifold with the increase of mothers' behavioral determinants. Health loses were 1718 folds higher with significant coefficient (β) in migrant group...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775491/a-multifactorial-study-on-duration-of-temporal-disabilities-in-spain
#5
César González-Ramírez, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Diego Peral-Pacheco
BACKGROUND: The extreme variability of Temporary disability duration causes a deep impact in Public Health. We try to understand what factors does duration of disability depend on. METHODS: Through cohort study with data of temporal disabilities collected by Ibermutuamur from 2008 to 2012, we use statistical multivariate methods. RESULTS: The most reliable and convenient algorithm to predict duration was a categorical classification tree that distinguished between brief and long disabilities, taking into account both medical-biological and socioeconomic factors...
October 24, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763250/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-new-instrument-in-spanish-to-measure-the-wellness-nursing-faculty-in-university
#6
Barbara Hurtado-Pardos, Irma Casas, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Carmen Moreno-Arroyo, Carlos Nebot-Bergua, Juan Roldán-Merino
The aim of this study was to design and validate an instrument to measure the wellness among nursing faculty in university. The study was performed in two phases: phase I, consisted of the development of the instrument with discussion groups and participant consensus. We designed an instrument including the 21 items or psychosocial risk factors identified, and we estimated an index by evaluating the frequency and intensity of each of the items. The items were grouped into three dimensions: teaching work demands, curricular demands and organizational difficulties...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763249/comment-on-obesity-and-weight-gain-among-former-world-trade-center-workers-and-volunteers-by-napier-et%C3%A2-al
#7
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684487/u-s-long-haul-truck-driver-work-organization-and-the-association-with-cardiometabolic-disease-risk
#8
Adam Hege, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mike Perko, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack
Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress and CMD risk for a sample of U.S. long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 U.S. LHTDs at a major truckstop...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636885/comparison-of-single-and-multiple-person-mercury-exposures
#9
Mathias B Forrester
Elemental and organic mercury are extremely toxic. All mercury exposures reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2013 were identified. The cases were divided into multiple- and single-person exposure groups and compared, including identification of statistically significant differences (SSDs). There were 6,521 single-person exposures and 214 multiple-person incidents involving 734 total persons; 45% and 27% of the multiple- and single-person exposures, respectively, involved patients aged 6-19 years (SSD)...
September 16, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740392/eov-editorial-board
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668558/acknowledgment-of-reviewers
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560102/archives-of-environmental-occupational-health-the-little-journal-that-could
#12
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566973/association-of-various-risk-factors-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-its-cytogenetic-characteristics
#13
Maria Karakosta, Eumorfia-Maria Delicha, Gregory Kouraklis, Kalliopi N Manola
This study aimed to investigate whether occupational and environmental exposures, lifestyle, family, and medical history are associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) risk and its chromosomal abnormalities. The study included 138 CLL cases and 141 age- and sex-matched controls. Information data were collected through in-person interviews from cases and controls. Cytogenetic analysis was performed on CLL bone marrow cells. Positive associations were found between CLL and cancer family history, smoking, pneumonia, and exposure to petroleum, metals, pesticides/chemical fertilizers, detergents, and medical radiation...
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26422551/musculoskeletal-pain-depression-and-stress-among-latino-manual-laborers-in-north-carolina
#14
Anna Grace Tribble, Phillip Summers, Haiying Chen, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury
The jobs of Latino manual laborers place their mental and physical health at risk. This study evaluates the associations among musculoskeletal pain, mental health, and work organization in Latino manual laborers. Farmworkers and nonfarmworkers (n = 189) in North Carolina were interviewed for self-reported musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms, stress, work safety climate, and precarious job status. More nonfarmworkers than farmworkers had neck and shoulder pain, but they did not differ in other areas of musculoskeletal pain...
November 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26402643/lead-migration-from-toys-by-anodic-stripping-voltammetry-using-a-bismuth-film-electrode
#15
M Fernanda C Leal, Rita I L Catarino, Adriana M Pimenta, M Renata S Souto, Christelle S Afonso, Ana F Q Fernandes
Metals may be released from toys via saliva during mouthing, via sweat during dermal contact, or via gastric and intestinal fluids after partial or whole ingestion. In this study, we determined the lead migration from toys bought on the Portuguese market for children below 3 years of age. The lead migration was performed according to the European Committee for Standardization EN 71-3, which proposes a 2-hour migration test that simulates human gastric conditions. The voltammetric determination of migrated lead was performed by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) at a bismuth film electrode (BiFE)...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26394928/energy-expenditure-and-nutritional-status-of-coal-miners-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Saniye Bilici, Fatma Saglam, Yasemin Beyhan, Banugul Barut-Uyar, Derya Dikmen, Zeynep Goktas, A James Attar, Patrick Mucka, M Fatih Uyar
The objectives of this study were to assess the nutritional status, daily energy intake, and daily energy expenditure of coal miners in Turkey. A total of 135 healthy coal miners (aged 19-64 years) were evaluated. Heart rates were measured using Polar watches, and the total energy expenditure was calculated using physical activity level formula and Hiilloskorpi equation. The average body mass index of the participants was 25.7 ± 3.98 kg/m(2), and the average energy intake was 3,973.7 ± 420.85 kcal. According to Dietary Reference Intakes, the energy and nutrient intakes of the miners were adequate, except for the intake of vitamin D...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378867/association-between-air-pollution-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-an-ecological-study
#17
Sung Ryul Shim, Jae Heon Kim, Yun Seob Song, Won Jin Lee
Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent medical condition; however, little is known about the effect of environmental factors. Therefore, we conducted surveys to examine the association between air pollution and the risk of BPH in South Korea between May 2010 and April 2013, yielding data for 1,734 men. Air pollution information was obtained from the National Air Pollutants Emission 2010 report. Logistic regression analyses were conducted after adjusting for potential confounders. The International Prostate Symptom Score significantly increased with increasing per capita air pollutant emissions...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26359679/hospital-housekeepers-victims-of-ineffective-hospital-waste-management
#18
Priscilla Santos Ferreira Ream, Anaclara Ferreira Veiga Tipple, Thaís Arvelos Salgado, Adenícia Custódia Silva Souza, Sandra Maria Brunini Souza, Hélio Galdino-Júnior, Sergiane Bisinoto Alves
Improper waste management exposes hospital housekeepers to biological risk. The objectives of this study were to identify the frequency and profile of exposure incidents, classify the role of sharps waste, and compare the first and last occurrences for hospital housekeepers with multiple exposure incidents. A retrospective epidemiological study using Brazilian records from 1989 to 2012 was conducted. Data analyzed included hospital treatment records and the state notification database. Probabilistic linkage was performed using LinkPlus and data analysis using SPSS...
September 2, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603111/measuring-extent-of-surface-contamination-produced-by-the-handling-of-antineoplastic-drugs-in-low-to-middle-income-country-oncology-health-care-settings
#19
Claudio Müller-Ramírez, Katherine Squibb, Melissa McDiarmid
Antineoplastic drugs are known to cause detrimental effects to health care workers who are exposed through work tasks. Environmental monitoring studies are an excellent approach to measure the extent of surface contamination produced by the handling of antineoplastic drugs in the workplace and to assess the potential for occupational exposures in oncology health care settings. The main aim of the study was to establish the extent of surface contamination produced by the handling of antineoplastic drugs in a limited-resource oncology health care facility in Colombia by conducting an environmental monitoring study using affordable analytical instrumentation...
August 11, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594197/poor-safety-climate-long-work-hours-and-musculoskeletal-discomfort-among-latino-horse-farm-workers
#20
Jennifer Swanberg, Jessica Miller Clouser, Wenqi Gan, John C Flunker, Susan Westneat, Steven R Browning
This study investigated the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD) and work-related factors associated with elevated MSD among Latino thoroughbred farm workers. Participants (N = 225) were recruited using a community-based purposive sampling approach to participate in in-person interviews. Of these workers, 85% experienced MSD. MSD was divided into tertiles; the upper tertile was defined as elevated. Multivariable Poisson regression revealed associations between any elevated MSD and longer tenure on horse farms, longer work hours, and poor safety climate...
August 11, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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