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Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health

Chen-Yin Tung, Yun-Wen Yin, Yi-Ping Zhou, Chia-Chen Chang, Pei-Ying Lin, Chia-Yun Liu
This study was conducted to analyze the effects of health promotion efforts in relation to a workplace accreditation program and differing workplace sizes. The research population for the study consisted of 966 employees working at a total of 84 different worksites located in Taipei, Taiwan. The survey instructions used were developed by the European Network for Workplace Health Promotion (WHP). The results indicated that accredited workplaces have better WHP quality than non-accredited workplaces (p<.001) and commonly implement health promotion measures related to specific health issues...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Nicola Magnavita, Cristina Sestili, Alice Mannocci, Elisa Ercoli, Antonia Boccia, Gloria Bonaga, Simona Sica, Massimo Maurici, Rosaria Alvaro, Alessandro Sili, Claudio Cartoni, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: HCWs in UHUs face high job demand that can have adverse health effects. OBJECTIVE: Investigate relationship between some job stressors and health-related quality of life among HCWs of three UHUs in Rome. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Work-related stress was measured with Demand-Control Questionnaire; health-related functioning with MCS and PCS of SF-12 Survey; positivity with Positivity Scale. RESULTS: Data of 201 respondents were analyzed...
August 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jelena Pajic, Dubravka Jovicic, Aleksandar P S Milovanovic
Human genotoxic exposures can occur environmentally, occupationally, or medicinally. The aim of this study was to assess cytogenetic damage (chromosomal aberrations and micronuclei) in persons exposed to chemical agents in medical, agricultural, and industrial occupations. The results showed influences of age, gender, occurrence, and duration of exposure on the extent of cytogenetic damage, but no influence of smoking. Persons exposed to pesticides were allocated significantly higher values of most examined parameters...
July 27, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Tee L Guidotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jihye Kim, Peter H Langlois, Laura E Mitchell, A J Agopian
We evaluated the association between maternal occupation and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. Data for 491 nonsyndromic cases were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry for deliveries between 1999 and 2009. We randomly selected 2,291 controls among all live births in Texas during this time. Maternal occupations were classified using automated software and manual assignment. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between maternal occupation and risk for any NTD, adjusting for maternal race/ethnicity, any diabetes, and maternal body mass index...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Stacey M Benson, Peter Ruestow, Kara A Keeton, Rachel M Novick, Gary M Marsh, Dennis J Paustenbach
Approximately 10,000 gallons of crude 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol and propylene glycol phenyl ether were accidentally released into the Elk River upstream from a water treatment facility in West Virginia. The objective of this study was to use logistic and Poisson regression analyses to determine the effect potential exposures had on adverse birth outcomes (birth weight, small for gestational age, and abnormal Apgar score). We adjusted for confounding factors and assessed prevalence of adverse birth outcomes by residential location and timing of the pregnancy...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
M J Cruz, J Sampol, M Pallero, E Rodríguez, J Ferrer
Before its use was banned in developed countries, asbestos was widely applied in upholstery. However, the risk of asbestos diseases among upholsterers has only rarely been reported. In this case series, we present a first series of 6 workers employed in small workshops who developed several asbestos-related diseases, including pleural plaques, pleural fibrosis, and asbestosis. Exposures were intermittent and difficult to quantify, but lung asbestos content assessed by bronchoalveolar lavage was high in the 3 patients evaluated...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Luisa Maria Roberta Tedesco, Pietro Ferrara, Lucia Stromillo, Antonio Arnese, Luciana Albano
This study offers an insight regarding seafarers' perceptions of factors of psychological distress on shipboard. To identify stressors on maritime workers, a cross-sectional survey was conducted targeting a population of workers of Italian shipping companies sailing across the world. The research aimed to investigate workers' demographic and professional characteristics and the ways they influence perception of job fatigue, using an Italian version of the Karasek questionnaire. Of the involved seafarers, 80...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This article compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate (OP), bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and nonfarmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and nonfarmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detection of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites was less frequent, but substantial among the nonfarmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Iben Risager Knudsen, Jens Peter Bonde, Sesilje Bondo Petersen
The aim of the study was to examine the risk of preterm birth following physically strenuous work during pregnancy. We included 343 pregnant women referred to an occupational medical clinic. Data on preterm birth and covariates were retrieved from the Danish Birth Registry. Risk estimates were computed by logistic regression using a population sample of gainfully employed women as reference (n = 345,915). The risk of preterm birth was increased in women lifting heavy loads during pregnancy (OR 1.40, 95% CI [0...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Takashi Yorifuji, Takushi Sato, Toru Yoneda, Yoshiomi Kishida, Sumie Yamamoto, Taro Sakai, Hiroshi Sashiyama, Shuko Takahashi, Hayato Orui, Daisuke Kato, Taro Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Suzuki, Maki Okamoto, Hideki Hayashi, Shigeru Suganami
Two huge earthquakes struck Kumamoto, Japan, in April 2016, forcing residents to evacuate. Few studies have reported early-phase disease and injury trends among evacuees following major inland earthquakes. We evaluated the trends among evacuees who visited a medical clinic in a shelter located at the epicenter of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes. The clinic opened on April 15, the day after the foreshock, and closed 3 weeks later. We reviewed medical charts related to 929 outpatient visits and conducted descriptive analyses...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Amber B Trueblood, Eva M Shipp
In the United States, there is limited literature on occupational pesticide exposures despite being associated with adverse health outcomes, including in large states such as Texas. The purpose of this article is to characterize occupational pesticide poison center exposures in Texas. Descriptive statistics were used to describe exposures (eg, exposure routes, type of pesticide, medical outcome, clinical effects, and temporal/seasonal patterns). From 2000 to 2015, there were 2,303 occupational pesticide poison center exposures...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Adam Hege, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Mike Perko, Sevil Sönmez, Robert Strack
Work organization, including long working hours, irregular work schedules, and job stress, has been associated with increased cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk for numerous working populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between work hours, work schedules, job stress, and CMD risk for a sample of US long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs). A nonexperimental, descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed to collect survey and anthropometric data from 260 US LHTDs at a major truck stop...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Mathias B Forrester
Elemental and organic mercury are extremely toxic. All mercury exposures reported to Texas poison centers during 2000-2013 were identified. The cases were divided into multiple- and single-person exposure groups and compared, including identification of statistically significant differences (SSDs). There were 6,521 single-person exposures and 214 multiple-person incidents involving 734 total persons; 45% and 27% of the multiple- and single-person exposures, respectively, involved patients aged 6-19 years (SSD)...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Claudio Müller-Ramírez, Katherine Squibb, Melissa McDiarmid
Antineoplastic drugs are known to cause detrimental effects to health care workers who are exposed through work tasks. Environmental monitoring studies are an excellent approach to measure the extent of surface contamination produced by the handling of antineoplastic drugs in the workplace and to assess the potential for occupational exposures in oncology health care settings. The main aim of the study was to establish the extent of surface contamination produced by the handling of antineoplastic drugs in a limited-resource oncology health care facility in Colombia by conducting an environmental monitoring study using affordable analytical instrumentation...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Jennifer Swanberg, Jessica Miller Clouser, Wenqi Gan, John C Flunker, Susan Westneat, Steven R Browning
This study investigated the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal discomfort (MSD) and work-related factors associated with elevated MSD among Latino thoroughbred farm workers. Participants (N = 225) were recruited using a community-based purposive sampling approach to participate in in-person interviews. Of these workers, 85% experienced MSD. MSD was divided into tertiles; the upper tertile was defined as elevated. Multivariable Poisson regression revealed associations between any elevated MSD and longer tenure on horse farms, longer work hours, and poor safety climate...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Hajar Merrikhpour, Shahriar Mahdavi
Fourteen street-dust samples were collected from Hamedan, western Iran. Street-dust samples received different amounts of heavy-metal pollution. The samples were analyzed for total cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn), and binding forms of heavy metal were determined in five fractions. The results showed Cd was the only metal present appreciably, 25.21% and 25.92%, in the exchangeable and carbonates fractions, respectively, and Cu was the only metal predominantly associated, 31.77%, with organic fraction...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Youn Jeong Kim, Yoon-Hee Chi, Ji Young Lee, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Ji Young Kang, Yang Ree Kim, Sang Il Kim
We carried out in-hospital contact investigations of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and analyzed the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among health care workers (HCWs) after TB exposure. A prospective study was conducted of 872 HCWs who were exposed to 55 index cases diagnosed with active pulmonary TB. HCWs after TB exposure were evaluated both TST and chest X-ray at the time of enrollment and 12 weeks after exposure; 625 HCWs (71.6%) underwent both initial assessments; 41 HCWs (6.6%) had a positive TST result...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Chinwe O Ewenighi, Uchechukwu Dimkpa, Joel C Onyeanusi, Adejumo Babtunde, Linus U M Onoh, Gladys O Onoh, Uchechukwu Ezeugwu
To evaluate the level of total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and effect of duration of exposure to pollutants in quarry workers, 5 mls of blood sample was collected from participants: 72 male quarry workers exposed to quarry pollutants and 72 unexposed controls. PSA estimations were done using the principle of ELISA. Mean total PSA, free PSA, and free-total PSA ratio levels of quarry workers did not differ from those of controls and was below the cutoff for the risk of prostate diseases. Higher mean total PSA and free PSA were observed in workers exposed for > 3 years compared to the unexposed control and workers exposed for ≤ 3 years...
September 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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