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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23663898/converting-non-metallic-printed-circuit-boards-waste-into-a-value-added-product
#1
Shantha Kumari Muniyandi, Johan Sohaili, Azman Hassan, Siti Suhaila Mohamad
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using nonmetallic printed circuit board (PCB) waste as filler in recycled HDPE (rHDPE) in production of rHDPE/PCB composites. Maleic anhydride modified linear low-density polyethylene (MAPE) was used as compatibilizer. In particular, the effects of nonmetallic PCB and MAPE on mechanical properties of the composites were assessed through tensile, flexural and impact testing. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to study the dispersion of nonmetallic PCB and MAPE in the matrix...
May 10, 2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23587020/effect-of-air-flow-on-tubular-solar-still-efficiency
#2
Arunkumar Thirugnanasambantham, Jayaprakash Rajan, Amimul Ahsan, Vinothkumar Kandasamy
BACKGROUND: An experimental work was reported to estimate the increase in distillate yield for a compound parabolic concentrator-concentric tubular solar still (CPC-CTSS). The CPC dramatically increases the heating of the saline water. A novel idea was proposed to study the characteristic features of CPC for desalination to produce a large quantity of distillate yield. A rectangular basin of dimension 2 m × 0.025 m × 0.02 m was fabricated of copper and was placed at the focus of the CPC...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23574885/evaluating-the-spatial-distribution-of-quantitative-risk-and-hazard-level-of-arsenic-exposure-in-groundwater-case-study-of-qorveh-county-kurdistan-iran
#3
Touraj Nasrabadi, Niloufar Shirani Bidabadi
Regional distribution of quantitative risk and hazard levels due to arsenic poisoning in some parts of Iran's Kurdistan province is considered. To investigate the potential risk and hazard level regarding arsenic-contaminated drinking water and further carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects on villagers, thirteen wells in rural areas of Qorveh County were considered for evaluation of arsenic concentration in water. Sampling campaign was performed in August 2010 and arsenic concentration was measured via the Silver Diethyldithiocarbamate method...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23570238/sulfonamide-antibiotic-reduction-in-aquatic-environment-by-application-of-fenton-oxidation-process
#4
Somayyeh Dehghani, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Mahdi Farzadkia, Mitra Gholami
Presence of antibiotics in the environment may cause potential risk for aquatic environment and organisms. In this research, Fenton oxidation process was offered as an effective method for removal of antibiotic sulfamethoxazole from aqueous solutions. The experiments were performed on laboratory-scale study under complete mixing at 25±2°C. The effects of initial antibiotic concentration, molar ratio of H2O2/Fe+2, solution pH, concentration of H2O2, Fe+2 and reaction time was studied on the oxidation of sulfamethoxazole in three level...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23566692/evaluation-of-estimated-daily-intake-edi-of-cadmium-and-lead-for-rice-oryza-sativa-l-in-calcareous-soils
#5
Ali Chamannejadian, Gholamabbas Sayyad, Abdolamir Moezzi, Alireza Jahangiri
The excessive amounts of cadmium and lead in food chain can cause health problems for humans and ecosystem. Rice is an important food in human diet. Therefore this study was conducted in order to investigate cadmium and Lead concentrations in seed rice (Oryza saliva) of paddy fields in southwest of Iran. A total of 70 rice seed samples were collected from paddy fields in five regions of Khuzestan province, Southwest Iran, during harvesting time. In the samples cadmium and Lead concentrations were measured. To assess the daily intake of Cadmium and Lead by rice, daily consumption of rice was calculated...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23566673/evaluation-of-shiraz-wastewater-treatment-plant-effluent-quality-for-agricultural-irrigation-by-canadian-water-quality-index-cwqi
#6
Mohammad A Baghapour, Simin Nasseri, Babak Djahed
BACKGROUND: Using treated wastewater in agriculture irrigation could be a realistic solution for the shortage of fresh water in Iran, however, it is associated with environmental and health threats; therefore, effluent quality assessment is quite necessary before use. The present study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical and microbial quality of Shiraz wastewater treatment plant effluent for being used in agricultural irrigation. In this study, 20 physicochemical and 3 microbial parameters were measured during warm (April to September) and cold months (October to march)...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23551829/relationship-between-nine-haloacetic-acids-with-total-organic-halogens-in-different-experimental-conditions
#7
Hossein Pourmoghadas, Riley N Kinman
The effects of pH and bromide ion concentration on the formation of nine haloacetic acids (HAAs) and total organic halogens (TOX) in chlorinated drinking water have been evaluated. In an extensive study, the relationships of nine HAAs with TOX have been investigated. Honesty Significant Differences test (HSD) and ANOVA tests were used for the statistical analyses. The study determined the concentration range of nine HAAs as of a percentage of TOX at varying experimental conditions. Statistical analyses showed that the parameters pH and Br had significant effects on the formation of nine HAAs and TOX...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23547870/biodegradation-of-2-4-dinitrophenol-with-laccase-immobilized-on-nano-porous-silica-beads
#8
Emad Dehghanifard, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary, Amir Hosein Mahvi, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi, Ali Esrafili
Many organic hazardous pollutants, including 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP), which are water soluble, toxic, and not easily biodegradable make concerns for environmental pollution worldwide. In the present study, degradation of nitrophenols-contained effluents by using laccase immobilized on the nano-porous silica beads was evaluated. 2,4-DNP was selected as the main constituent of industrial effluents containing nitrophenols. The performance of the system was characterized as a function of pH, contact time, temperature, pollutant, and mediator concentrations...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23517661/use-of-combined-coagulation-adsorption-process-as-pretreatment-of-landfill-leachate
#9
Rajan Gandhimathi, Nalladurai Jegan Durai, Puthiya Veetil Nidheesh, Sreekrishnaperumal Thanga Ramesh, Subramaniam Kanmani
Landfill leachate is an important pollution factor resulting from municipal landfill sites. Physical and chemical processes are the better option for pretreatment or full treatment of landfill leachate. This article presents a combination of pre-treatment method (coagulation and adsorption) for leachate collected from municipal solid waste open dumping site. Physico chemical characteristics of stabilized and fresh leachate were examined. Coagulation process was examined by using alum and ferric chloride. A low cost adsorbent, fly ash was used for adsorption studies...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23497078/environmental-impacts-of-forest-road-construction-on-mountainous-terrain
#10
Erhan Caliskan
Forest roads are the base infrastructure foundation of forestry operations. These roads entail a complex engineering effort because they can cause substantial environmental damage to forests and include a high-cost construction. This study was carried out in four sample sites of Giresun, Trabzon(2) and Artvin Forest Directorate, which is in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The areas have both steep terrain (30-50% gradient) and very steep terrain (51-80% gradient). Bulldozers and hydraulic excavators were determined to be the main machines for forest road construction, causing environmental damage and cross sections in mountainous areas...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23497048/a-comparative-evaluation-of-dried-activated-sludge-and-mixed-dried-activated-sludge-with-rice-husk-silica-to-remove-hydrogen-sulfide
#11
Seyed Mahmoud Mehdinia, Puziah Abdul Latif, Hassan Taghipour
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of dried activated sludge (DAS) and mixed dried activated sludge with rice husk silica (DAS & RHS) for removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Two laboratory-scale filter columns (packed one litter) were operated. Both systems were operated under different conditions of two parameters, namely different inlet gas concentrations and different inlet flow rates. The DAS & RHS packed filter showed more than 99.96% removal efficiency (RE) with empty bed residence time (EBRT) of 45 to 90 s and 300 mg/L inlet concentration of H2S...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23452801/biodegradation-of-alachlor-in-liquid-and-soil-cultures-under-variable-carbon-and-nitrogen-sources-by-bacterial-consortium-isolated-from-corn-field-soil
#12
Mansooreh Dehghani, Simin Nasseri, Zahra Zamanian
Alachlor, an aniline herbicide widely used in corn production, is frequently detected in water resources. The main objectives of this research were focused on isolating bacterial consortium capable of alachlor biodegradation, assessing the effects of carbon and nitrogen sources on alachlor biodegradation and evaluating the feasibility of using bacterial consortium in soil culture. Kavar corn field soil with a long history of alachlor application in Fars province of Iran has been explored for their potential of alachlor biodegradation...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23414202/application-and-kinetic-evaluation-of-upflow-anaerobic-biofilm-reactor-for-nitrogen-removal-from-wastewater-by-anammox-process
#13
Ali Akbar Babaei, Roza Azadi, Nemat Jaafarzadeh, Nadali Alavi
The lab-scale upflow anaerobic biofilm reactor was successfully operated for the treatment of synthetic wastewater with high nitrogen load by Anammox (anaerobic ammonium oxidation) process. During the entire period of operation, the reactor temperature was kept at 35±1°C. The operational strategy consisted of both increasing the ammonium and nitrite concentrations from 60 to 700mgN/L and from 80 to 920 mgN/L, respectively and decreasing the hydraulic retention time from 24 to 6 h, at each step. The highest achieved removal efficiency of ammonium and nitrite were 91 and 93%, respectively...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23414171/synthesis-and-properties-of-fe3o4-activated-carbon-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-removal-of-aniline-from-aqueous-solution-equilibrium-kinetic-and-thermodynamic-studies
#14
Babak Kakavandi, Ahmad Jonidi, Roshanak Rezaei, Simin Nasseri, Ahmad Ameri, Ali Esrafily
In this study, powder activated carbon (PAC) and magnetic nanoparticles of iron (III) oxide were used for synthesis of Fe3O4-activated carbon magnetic nanoparticles (AC-Fe3O4 MNPs) as an adsorbent for the removal of aniline. The characteristics of adsorbent were evaluated by SEM, TEM, XRD and BET. Also, the impact of different parameters such as pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, aniline initials concentration and solution temperature were studied. The experimental data investigated by Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and two models kinetically of pseudo first-order and pseudo second-order...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23394722/the-effects-of-road-traffic-noise-on-mental-performance
#15
Iraj Alimohammadi, Raziyeh Soltani, Stephan Sandrock, Manouchehr Azkhosh, Mahmood Reza Gohari
BACKGROUND: Noise is one of the more widespread pollutions of road transportation system, which can cause deterioration in performance. This experimental study was designed to assess the effect of road traffic noise on performance with regard to extra/introversion and sex of participants. The personality trait of extra/introversion has been remarked as relevant factor to mental performance. RESULTS: Thirty six (26 males and 10 females) medical sciences students of Tehran University participated in the study...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23390930/composting-of-rice-straw-with-effective-microorganisms-em-and-its-influence-on-compost-quality
#16
Mohd Lokman Che Jusoh, Latifah Abd Manaf, Puziah Abdul Latiff
This study aims to assess the effect of EM application on the composting process of rice straw with goat manure and green waste and to evaluate the quality of both compost treatments. There are two treatment piles in this study, in which one pile was applied with EM and another pile without EM. Each treatment was replicated three times with 90 days of composting duration. The parameters for the temperature, pH, TOC and C/N ratio, show that decomposition of organic matter occurs during the 90-day period. The t-test conducted shows that there is a significant difference between compost with EM and compost without EM...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23388386/removal-of-cadmium-ii-from-simulated-wastewater-by-ion-flotation-technique
#17
Mohammad Hossein Salmani, Mojtaba Davoodi, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadah
A separation technique which has recently received a sharp increase in research activities is "ion flotation". This technique has four important advantages for treating wastewaters: low energy consumption, small space requirements, small volume of sludge and acting selectively. The present study aims to optimize parameters of ion flotation for cadmium removal in simulated wastewater at laboratory scale. It was obtained on the reaction between Cd(2+) and sodium dodecylesulfate (SDS) collector followed by flotation with ethanol as frother...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23369650/monitoring-of-some-pesticides-residue-in-consumed-tea-in-tehran-market
#18
Maryam Amirahmadi, Shahram Shoeibi, Mehdi Abdollahi, Hossein Rastegar, Roya Khosrokhavar, Morteza Pirali Hamedani
Tea is an agricultural product of the leaves, leaf buds, and internodes of various cultivars and sub-varieties of the Camellia sinensis plant, processed and vulcanized using various methods. Tea is a main beverage in Iranian food basket so should be free from toxic elements such as pesticides residue. There is no data bank on the residue of pesticides in the consumed black tea in Iran. The present study is the first attempt for monitoring of 25 pesticide residues from different chemical groups in tea samples obtained from local markets in Tehran, I...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23369629/development-of-a-passive-doas-system-to-retrieve-atmospheric-pollution-columns-in-the-200-to-355-nm-region
#19
Rubén Galicia Mejía, Josémanueldelarosa Vázquez, Suren Stolik Isakina, Edgard Moreno García, Gustavo Sosa Iglesias
In recent years several techniques have been developed to measure and monitor the pollution of the air. Among these techniques, remote sensing using optical methods stands out due to several advantages for air quality control applications. A Passive Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy system that uses the ultraviolet region from 200 to 355 nm of the solar radiation is presented. The developed system is portable; therefore it is practical for real time and in situ measurements. The enhanced wavelength range of the system is intended to detect the ultraviolet light penetration in the Mexican Valley considering the solar zenith angle and the altitude...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23369610/developing-the-health-safety-and-environment-excellence-instrument
#20
Iraj Mohammadfam, Gebraeil Nasl Saraji, Ali Kianfar, Shahram Mahmoudi
Quality and efficiency are important issues in management systems. To increase quality, to reach best results, to move towards the continuous improvement of system and also to make the internal and external customers satisfied, it is necessary to consider the system performance measurement. In this study the Health, Safety and Environment Excellence Instrument was represented as a performance measurement tool for a wide range of health, safety and environment management systems. In this article the development of the instrument overall structure, its parts, and its test results in three organizations are presented...
2013: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
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