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Einstein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768520/clinical-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-melanotic-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-infancy-in-the-maxilla
#1
Hellen Bandeira de Pontes Santos, Aníbal Henrique Barbosa de Luna, Pedro Everton Marques Goes, Alexander Tadeu Sverzut, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Pollianna Muniz Alves
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy is a rare and fast-growing neoplasm. In this study, we describe the case of a 6-month-old female patient, who presented swelling in the anterior maxilla. Tomographic reconstruction showed an unilocular hypodense and expansive area associated with the upper right central primary incisor. The presumptive diagnoses were dentigerous cyst, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy and rhabdomyosarcoma, and an incisional biopsy was performed...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768519/influence-of-growth-hormone-replacement-on-neurological-and-psychomotor-development-case-report
#2
Felipe Motta, Adriana Pasmanik Eisencraft, Lindiane Gomes Crisostomo
The height response to the use of growth hormone in short height cases has already been confirmed in the literature. The influence of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH-IGF1) axis components on development, function, regeneration, neuroprotection, cognition, and motor functions has been evaluated in experimental studies and in adults with central nervous system lesions. However, there is still little research on the clinical impact of hormone replacement on neurological and psychomotor development. This report presents the case of a patient with excellent weight-height recovery and, even more surprisingly, neurological and psychomotor development in response to use of growth hormone...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768518/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-in-diagnosis-of-mediastinal-lesions
#3
Ricardo Sales Dos Santos, Marcia Jacomelli, Juliana Pereira Franceschini, Iunis Suzuki, Altair da Silva Costa, Christina Shiang, Addy Lidvina Mejia Palomino
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in making diagnosis of mediastinal injuries associated to different causes. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients submitted to Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration at a private organization, between June 2013 and October 2016. All cases referred for collection of lymph nodes or peritracheal/peribronchial masses by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, and evaluated through tomography or PET-CT were included...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694625/assessment-and-enrolment-process-for-liver-transplantation-nursing-management-through-quality-indicators
#4
Fabíola Faustino de Machado Dias, Samira Scalso de Almeida, Marcio Dias de Almeida
Objective To establish, measure and analyze quality indicators in the evaluation and enrolment process of patients in a liver transplant program. Methods A quantitative and non-experimental research, with data collected from the database of a liver transplant program, from September 2012 to September 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the quality indicators identified. Results We analyzed 1,311 visits in the transplant outpatient clinic, most males (66.7%), white (65.1%), mean age of 53 (±12...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694624/sericin-and-swimming-on-histomorphometric-parameters-of-denervated-plantar-muscle-in-wistar-rats
#5
André Junior Santana, Jean Carlos Debastiani, Pâmela Buratti, Ana Luiza Peretti, Regina Inês Kunz, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Márcia Miranda Torrejais, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective To analyze the combined effects of the silk protein sericin and swimming exercise on histomorphometry of the plantar muscle in Wistar rats. Methods Forty adult rats were randomly allocated into 5 groups comprising 8 animals each, as follows: Control, Injury, Sericin, Swim, and Swim plus Sericin. Three days after crushing of the sciatic nerve the rats in the Swim and Swim plus Sericin Groups were submitted to swimming exercise for 21 days. Rats were then euthanized and the plantar muscle harvested and processed...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694623/comparison-between-subjective-and-objective-evaluations-of-self-care-performance-in-elderly-inpatients
#6
Delcina Jesus Figueredo, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objetive To identify the functional status in self-care performance of elderly inpatients, through subjective and objective evaluations. Methods Fifty-five pairs of elderly and their respective caregivers of both sexes were submitted to subjective (self-rating and rating by caregivers) and objective assessment. The Performance Test of Activities of Daily Living and items in the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale were used. Functional status was rated 1 (unable to perform task), 2 (able to perform task with assistance) or 3 (able to perform task unassisted)...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694622/evaluation-of-radiofrequency-electronic-system-in-intraoperative-monitoring-of-surgical-textiles
#7
Adriana Marco Antonio, Carlos Andre Pereira Vieira
Objective To test performance of SurgiSafe®, a radiofrequency electronic device to detect surgical textiles during operations as compared to manual counting. Methods Surgical sponges with radiofrequency TAGs were placed in the abdominal cavity of a pig submitted to laparotomy, in randomly distributed sites. The TAGs were counted manually and also using SurgiSafe®. Positive and negative predictive values, sensitivity, specificity and time required for counting were analyzed for both methods. Results Through the analysis of 35 surgical cycles, SurgiSafe® immediately identified all sponges, with specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values of 100%...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694621/correlation-between-physical-examination-and-three-dimensional-gait-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-rotational-abnormalities-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Fernando Borge Teixeira, Amancio Ramalho Júnior, Mauro César de Morais Filho, Danielli Souza Speciali, Catia Miyuki Kawamura, José Augusto Fernandes Lopes, Francesco Camara Blumetti
Objective To evaluate the correlation between physical examination data concerning hip rotation and tibial torsion with transverse plane kinematics in children with cerebral palsy; and to determine which time points and events of the gait cycle present higher correlation with physical examination findings. Methods A total of 195 children with cerebral palsy seen at two gait laboratories from 2008 and 2016 were included in this study. Physical examination measurements included internal hip rotation, external hip rotation, mid-point hip rotation and the transmalleolar axis angle...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694620/critical-review-of-cancer-mortality-using-hospital-records-and-potential-years-of-life-lost
#9
Carolina Panis, Aedra Carla Bufalo Kawasaki, Claudicéia Risso Pascotto, Eglea Yamamoto Della Justina, Geraldo Emílio Vicentini, Léia Carolina Lucio, Rosebel Trindade Cunha Prates
Objective To determine and discuss cancer mortality rates in southern Brazil between 1988 and 2012. Methods This was a critical review of literature based on analysis of data concerning incidence and mortality of prostate cancer, breast cancer, bronchial and lung cancer, and uterine and ovarian cancer. Data were collected from the online database of the Brazil Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva. Results The southern Brazil is the leading region of cancer incidence and mortality. Data on the cancer profile of this population are scarce especially in the States of Santa Catarina and Paraná...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694619/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-clinical-evaluation-of-uterine-contractility
#10
Vinicius Adami Vayego Fornazari, Stela Adami Vayego, Denis Szejnfeld, Jacob Szejnfeld, Suzan Menasce Goldman
Uterine contractility out of the gestational phase, during the menstrual cycle and the habitual functional variations of the organ, this is one of the responsible mechanisms for reproduction and fertility, due to its direct action in the mechanisms conducting the spermatozoa to the ovule and in the decidual implantation. Pathologies such as uterine leiomyoma, endometriosis, adenomyosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, as well as the use of intrauterine devices and oral contraceptives, may alter a functionality of uterine contractility...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694618/chemotherapy-protocols-and-incidence-of-oral-mucositis-an-integrative-review
#11
Marina Curra, Luiz Alberto Valente Soares Junior, Manoela Domingues Martins, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos
This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords "oral mucositis" and "chemotherapy protocol". To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported severity of oral mucositis; the others only reported the presence of the condition...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694617/patient-safety-and-the-value-of-pharmaceutical-intervention-in-a-cancer-hospital
#12
Karina da Silva Aguiar, Jamile Machado Dos Santos, Mônica Cristina Cambrussi, Solane Picolotto, Marcela Bechara Carneiro
Objective To demonstrate economic impact of pharmaceutical evaluation in detection and prevention of errors in antineoplastic prescriptions. Methods This was an observational and retrospective study performed in a cancer hospital. From July to August 2016 pharmacists checked prescriptions of antineoplastic and adjuvant drugs. Drug-related problems observed were classified and analyzed concerning drug, pharmaceutical intervention, acceptability and characteristic of the error. In case of problem related to dose, we calculated a deviation percentage related with correct dose and value spent or saved...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694616/association-between-hypovitaminosis-d-and-frequency-of-pulmonary-exacerbations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Renata Ongaratto, Katiana Murieli da Rosa, Juliana Cristina Eloi, Matias Epifanio, Paulo Marostica, Leonardo Araújo Pinto
Objective We evaluated the association between vitamin D levels and nutritional status, pulmonary function and pulmonary exacerbations in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. Methods 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of 37 children and adolescents were retrospectively evaluated. Pulmonary function, body mass index, height for age, and pulmonary exacerbations episodes were associated with vitamin D levels divided into two groups: sufficient (≥30ng/mL) and hypovitaminosis (<30ng/mL). Results Hypovitaminosis D (25(OH)D <30ng/mL) was observed in 54% of subjects...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694615/criminal-liability-of-medical-professionals-in-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-court-of-appeals
#14
Isabel de Fátima Alvim Braga, Laila Zelkcovicz Ertler, Rodrigo Moreira de Aquino, Bruno de Avilla da Fonseca E Silva, Renata Bastos Mello Pereira
Objective To collect criminal justice data involving medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals and to establish the number of criminal proceedings involving said professionals, the content of the accusations and the conviction rate per specialty. Methods A keyword search was carried out in the State Appellate Court case law website with the term "medical error" for decisions rendered from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2016, and the subject "criminal law" was selected...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694614/is-quality-of-life-associated-with-compliance-to-pharmacoterapy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#15
Keila Batista Alves, Nathália Vital Guilarducci, Thiago Dos Reis Santos, André Oliveira Baldoni, Alba Otoni, Sérgio Wyton Lima Pinto, Camila Zanette, Cristina Sanches
Objective To analyzed the association of quality of life and compliance to drug treatment in chronic kidney disease patients. Methods The Short Form Health Survey was used to evaluate the quality of life of these patients, and the therapeutic complexity index was verified. The Morisky-Green test and the Brief Medication Questionnaire were applied to check compliance to drug therapy. Results A total of 197 patients were included. The Morisky-Green test and Brief Medication Questionnaire showed that most patients had low compliance to treatment (50...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694613/is-zika-virus-outbreak-a-solved-issue-in-brazil
#16
Vivian Iida Avelino-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694612/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-pregnant-women-s-level-of-knowledge-about-oral-health
#17
Wander Barbieri, Stela Verzinhasse Peres, Carla de Britto Pereira, João Peres Neto, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Karine Laura Cortellazzi
Objective To evaluate knowledge on oral health and associated sociodemographic factors in pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional study with a sample of 195 pregnant women seen at the Primary Care Unit Paraisópolis I, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. For statistical analysis, χ2 or Fisher's exact test and multiple logistic regression were used. A significance level of 5% was used in all analyses. Results Schooling level equal to or greater than 8 years and having one or two children were associated with an adequate knowledge about oral health...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694611/evaluation-of-survivin-immunoexpression-in-the-differentiation-of-high-and-low-grade-breast-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#18
Milca Cezar Chade, Sebastião Piato, Maria Antonieta Longo Galvão, José Mendes Aldrighi, Rômulo Negrini, Evandro Falaci Mateus, Enio Martins Medeiros
Objective To evaluate the expression of survivin protein in low- and high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ. Methods Breast tissue fragments obtained by incisional biopsy and surgical procedures of 37 women with ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast were subdivided into two groups: Group A, composed of women with low-grade ductal carcinoma in situ, and Group B, women with high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ. Survivin protein expression test was performed by immunohistochemistry, using a monoclonal antibody clone I2C4...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694610/bronchial-hygiene-techniques-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation-what-are-used-and-why
#19
Isabela Naiara Evangelista Matilde, Raquel Afonso Caserta Eid, Andréia Ferreira Nunes, Alexandre Ricardo Pepe Ambrozin, Renata Henn Moura, Denise Carnieli-Cazati, Karina Tavares Timenetsky
Objective To analyze and describe the maneuvers most commonly used in clinical practice by physical therapists and the reasons for choosing them. Methods A prospective multicenter study using a questionnaire. The sample consisted of physical therapists from five hospitals (three private hospitals, a teaching hospital and a public hospital). Results A total of 185 questionnaires were filled in. Most professionals had graduated 6 to 10 years before and over had over 10 years of intensive care unit experience...
2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694609/european-organization-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-quality-of-life-questionnaire-core-30-factorial-models-to-brazilian-cancer-patients
#20
Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Maria Cláudia Bernardes Spexoto, Wanderson Roberto da Silva, Sergio Vicente Serrano, João Marôco
Objective To evaluate the psychometric properties of the seven theoretical models proposed in the literature for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), when applied to a sample of Brazilian cancer patients. Methods Content and construct validity (factorial, convergent, discriminant) were estimated. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed. Convergent validity was analyzed using the average variance extracted. Discriminant validity was analyzed using correlational analysis...
2018: Einstein
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