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Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747936/psychometric-properties-of-the-self-perception-profile-for-children-in-children-with-chronic-illness
#1
Mark A Ferro, Jennie Tang
OBJECTIVE: The Self-Perception Profile for Children (SPPC) is a commonly used measure of self-concept in children, but little research has examined its psychometric properties in children newly-diagnosed with chronic illness. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis and examination of reliability and convergent and discriminant validity of the SPPC was conducted in 31 children newly-diagnosed with asthma, diabetes, epilepsy, food allergy, or juvenile arthritis. RESULTS: The unidimensionality of each domain of the SPPC was confirmed, internal reliability was robust (α=...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747935/exploratory-study-of-the-clinical-characteristics-of-adolescent-girls-with-a-history-of-physical-or-sexual-abuse-consulting-in-a-mood-disorder-clinic
#2
Amelie LeBoeuf, Jean-Jacques Breton, Claude Berthiaume, Bogdan Balan, Christophe Huynh, Jean-Marc Guile, Réal Labelle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical characteristics of adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic with a history of physical or sexual abuse. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted of the charts of 55 adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic. An analysis grid was used to gather data on demographics, personal antecedents, symptoms and diagnoses. Girls with a history of physical or sexual abuse were compared with girls without such a history...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747934/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-an-11-year-old-south-american-boy-medical-and-cultural-challenges
#3
Jonah Schermbrucker, Melissa Kimber, Natasha Johnson, Sarah Kearney, Jennifer Couturier
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is new in the DSM-5, replacing the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood. ARFID has no age criterion, and therefore addresses eating disturbances across the lifespan. This report illustrates the case of an 11-year-old boy of Colombian ancestry with ARFID and explores the role of culture in the diagnosis of ARFID. To date, literature describing this disorder is limited. ARFID is often seen in the child and adolescent population and can have significant medical consequences, including weight loss, hemodynamic instability, and growth retardation...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747933/i-think-i-m-going-to-be-sick-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-emetophobia-and-secondary-food-restriction
#4
Sarabpreet Dosanjh, William Fleisher, Diana Sam
We present a case of an eight-year-old boy with a specific phobia of vomiting who developed subsequent food restriction and weight loss. Our case report includes a review of treatment modalities for specific phobias including cognitive behavioural and exposure therapy in young children and the importance of parental involvement in the treatment process. After an initial assessment and diagnosis of this boy with emetophobia, treatment took place over ten subsequent visits, one hour each in duration. His treatment included a cognitive approach utilizing exposure therapy to re-introduce foods to his diet, working through a fear hierarchy, addressing cognitive distortions/misconceptions and psychoeducational supports...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#5
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#6
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747930/parental-involvement-and-child-and-adolescent-eating-disorders-perspectives-from-residents-in-psychiatry-pediatrics-and-family-medicine
#7
Tamara Davidson Marcon, Laura Girz, Amanda Stillar, Carole Tessier, Adele Lafrance
OBJECTIVES: Best practice guidelines encourage the involvement of parents in the assessment and treatment of child/adolescent eating disorders (ED). This study investigated medical residents' perspectives regarding parental involvement as well as their expectations for future practice in the assessment and treatment of ED. METHOD: Five hundred and eighty-four medical residents from 17 Canadian residency programs specializing in family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry completed a web-based survey...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747929/relationship-between-bullying-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-youth-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#8
Nazanin Alavi, Taras Reshetukha, Eric Prost, Kristen Antoniak, Charmy Patel, Saad Sajid, Dianne Groll
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of adolescents are visiting emergency departments with suicidal ideation. This study examines the relationship between bullying and suicidal ideation in emergency department settings. METHOD: A chart review was conducted for all patients under 18 years of age presenting with a mental health complaint to the emergency departments at Kingston General or Hotel Dieu Hospitals in Kingston, Canada, between January 2011 and January 2015. Factors such as age, gender, history of abuse, history of bullying, type and time of bullying, and diagnoses were documented...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747928/it-s-more-complicated-than-myth-busting-parents-deciding-about-stimulant-use-for-their-children
#9
COMMENT
John D McLennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747927/clinical-pearls
#10
EDITORIAL
Khrista Boylan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056988/instructions-destin%C3%A3-es-aux-auteurs
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056986/adjunctive-trazodone-and-depression-outcome-in-adolescents-treated-with-serotonin-re-uptake-inhibitors
#12
Meshal A Sultan, Darren B Courtney
OBJECTIVES: Recent published evidence suggests that adjunctive trazodone treatment may limit serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) response in depressed adolescents in the context of a controlled trial. This study examined the effects of adjunctive trazodone on depression outcome in adolescents in a naturalistic treatment environment. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study through chart review of a clinical sample. Patients in our sample were 15 to 18 years of age treated with either a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056985/an-exploration-of-positive-parenting-in-relation-to-psychopathology-for-youth-with-a-diagnosis-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#13
Brae Anne McArthur, Kathlyn M Cherry, Gani Braimoh, Margaret N Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar Spectrum Disorder (BSD) is a severe psychiatric disorder associated with a host of deleterious sequelae. While researchers have found a robust link between parenting variables and psychopathology for youth with BSD, few have examined positive parenting factors and associated psychopathology for these youth. Furthermore, conclusions from extant literature are hindered by a) exploring a limited range of parenting variables and b) employing retrospective reports of parenting with adult populations...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056984/housing-instability-and-concurrent-substance-use-and-mental-health-concerns-an-examination-of-canadian-youth
#14
Tayla Smith, Lisa Hawke, Gloria Chaim, Joanna Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Though previous research has identified the high burden of mental health and addiction (MHA) concerns among precariously housed youth, earlier studies have not examined differences in MHA concerns among housing insecure Canadian youth across sectors. This study examines this issue using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs Short Screener (GAIN-SS) in a cross-sectoral sample of Canadian youth. METHOD: A total of 2605 youth ages 12 to 24 seeking services across sectors completed the GAIN-SS and a sociodemographic form...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056983/glutamate-genetics-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-review
#15
Rageen Rajendram, Sefi Kronenberg, Christie L Burton, Paul D Arnold
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common and debilitating with patients exhibiting persistent intrusive thoughts (obsessions), repetitive ritualistic behaviours (compulsions) and anxiety. While it is known that OCD is highly heritable, the specific genetic risk factors for OCD are still largely unknown. The etiology of OCD has also not been fully elucidated but there is growing evidence that glutamate signaling dysfunction in the cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) circuitry plays a role in its pathogenesis...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056982/perception-of-interprofessional-collaboration-and-co-location-of-specialists-and-primary-care-teams-in-youth-mental-health
#16
Cécile Rousseau, Annie Pontbriand, Lucie Nadeau, Janique Johnson-Lafleur
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional collaboration is a cornerstone of youth mental health collaborative care models. This article presents quantitative results from a mixed-methods study. It analyses the organizational predictors of the perception of interprofessional collaboration of professionals comparing two models of services within recently constituted youth mental health collaborative care teams. METHODS: Professionals (n=104) belonging to six health and social services institutions completed an online survey measuring their perceptions of interprofessional collaboration through a validated questionnaire, the PINCOM-Q...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056981/children-s-shyness-in-a-surgical-setting
#17
Cheryl H T Chow, Nadine Nejati, Kristie L Poole, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Norman Buckley, Louis A Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between temperament and preoperative anxiety in 40 children (aged 8-13) who were undergoing elective surgery one week prior to surgery Time 1 (T1) and on the day of surgery Time 2 (T2). METHOD: Children's temperamental shyness was examined using the Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory at T1, and preoperative anxiety was assessed using the Children's Perioperative Multidimensional Anxiety Scale at T1 and T2. RESULTS: We found that temperamental shyness predicted lower preoperative anxiety at T1 (β = -10...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056980/youth-mental-health-family-practice-and-knowledge-translation-video-games-about-psychosis-family-physicians-perspectives
#18
Manuela Ferrari, Archie Suzanne
OBJECTIVE: Family practitioners face many challenges providing mental healthcare to youth. Digital technology may offer solutions, but the products often need to be adapted for primary care. This study reports on family physicians' perspectives on the relevance and feasibility of a digital knowledge translation (KT) tool, a set of video games, designed to raise awareness about psychosis, marijuana use, and facilitate access to mental health services among youth. METHOD: As part of an integrated knowledge translation project, five family physicians from a family health team participated in a focus group...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056979/a-critique-of-the-new-canadian-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-guideline
#19
John D McLennan, Peter Braunberger
A new Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) guideline was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal in 2016. This is relevant to the mental health field as mental health symptoms and psychiatric disorders are often identified as associated with and/or part of FASD presentations. Unfortunately, the new guideline has not advanced understanding of the interface between FASD and mental health problems; rather it may contribute to additional confusion. For example, a new recommendation to include additional mental health symptoms, such as anxiety and affect dysregulation, as manifestations contributing to a diagnosis of FASD is particularly concerning given the paucity of evidence supporting this assertion and the potential to distort delivery of mental health interventions for mental health problems...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056978/screening-for-disruptive-behaviour-problems-in-preschool-children-in-primary-health-care-settings
#20
Alice Charach, John D McLennan, Stacey Ageranioti Bélanger, Mary Kay Nixon
Disruptive behaviour problems in preschool children are significant risk factors for, and potential components of, neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders. Some non-compliance, temper tantrums and aggression between two and five years of age are normal and transient. However, problematic levels of disruptive behaviour, specifically when accompanied by functional impairment and/or significant distress, should be identified because early intervention can improve outcome trajectories. This position statement provides an approach to early identification using clinical screening at periodic health examinations, followed by a systematic mental health examination that includes standardized measures...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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