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Annals of Thoracic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123341/do-not-intubate-order-is-the-misunderstanding-finally-over
#1
Cristoforo Incorvaia, Paolo Scarpazza, Gian Galeazzo Riario-Sforza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123340/identification-and-management-of-cough-induced-laryngotracheitis
#2
Limael E Rodriguez, Joel E Rodriguez, Dev R Boodoosingh, Victor M Salcedo
Chronic cough is associated with repetitive injury to the upper airway and trachea, which can lead to an underdiagnosed pathology known as "cough-induced" laryngotracheitis (CILT). In this report, we describe a case of CILT that responded well to dual therapy.
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123339/pulmonary-schistosomiasis-in-a-young-male-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Waseem M Hajjar, Abdulmalik M Alsheikh, Alanoud Y Alhumaid, Noura A Alkreedees, Nouf B Abdulwahed, Adnan W Hajjar
Schistosoma is a parasitic infection that affects many people worldwide. However, pulmonary Schistosomiasis is very rare entity which defined as pulmonary involvement develops in persons living or travelling in endemic areas. We report a rare case of 23-year-old Yamani patient admitted as an emergency with a 1-week history of productive cough, hemoptysis, and chest pain. Chest X-ray and computed tomography scan showed right upper lobe peripheral abscess cavity. All routine blood investigations and interventions such as bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage failed to confirm the diagnosis...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123338/can-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-be-predictive-of-diagnostic-success-in-endobronchial-biopsies-performed-through-a-fiber-optic-bronchoscopy-in-lung-cancer
#4
Coşkun Doğan, Ali Fidan, Elif Torun Parmaksız, Sevda Şener Cömert, Banu Salepçi, Benan Çağlayan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of homogeneous/heterogeneous (necrotic) involvement and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) value of the lesion on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) of patients who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) for prediagnosis of lung cancer and biopsy for endobronchial lesion on the diagnostic success of biopsy procedure. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2016, patients with final diagnosis of pulmonary malignancy as determined by FOB biopsy and patients who failed to be diagnosed by FOB biopsy and diagnosed with pulmonary malignancy by a different diagnostic method were examined...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123337/risk-factors-of-primary-and-secondary-restless-legs-syndrome-among-a-middle-aged-population-in-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-study
#5
Samah Alsafadi, Bahaa Abaalkhail, Siraj Omar Wali, Khaled Aljammali, Bedor Alotaiby, Ibrahim Zakaria, Hanadi Sabbahi
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is etiologically divided into primary and secondary syndromes. However, a comparative description of both types is lacking in the literature. We compared primary and secondary RLS with respect to demographic determinants, associated risk factors, and comorbidities. METHODS: Following a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of RLS in a Saudi population, RLS cases were identified using the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG) criteria...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123336/the-symptoms-and-risk-of-sleep-apnea-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Yazan Ghazi Al Shaikh, Mohamad Mohamad Haytham Shieb, Sema Koruturk, Amal Alghefari, Zainab Hassan, Bashair Mohammed Mussa
INTRODUCTION: Recently, sleeping disorders and snoring are being recognized as a public health concern with various risk factors and health consequences. The main objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of snoring and sleep apnea among adults (20-60 years) in Sharjah (United Arab Emirates, UAE) and assess the major risk factors as well as the general knowledge among the population. METHODS: A self-administrated Questionnaire of five sections including both Berlin questionnaire (BQ) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scales (ESS) were given to a randomly selected population in Sharjah between the ages of 20-60 years...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123335/pulmonary-siderosis-cases-diagnosed-with-minimally-invasive-surgical-technique-a-retrospective-analysis-of-7-cases
#7
Erkan Akar, Tekin Yildiz, Safak Atahan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to report our patients with pulmonary siderosis (PS) who were exposed to iron oxide and diagnosed with the minimally invasive surgical technique (video-assisted thoracic surgery [VATS]), and to provide a discussion of the relevant literature. METHODS: Hospital records of seven patients who were diagnosed with PS by VATS between 2008 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. VATS was performed for seven patients for whom no definitive diagnosis could be made with other diagnostic techniques...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123334/inhaled-corticosteroids-may-prevent-lung-cancer-in-asthma-patients
#8
I-Jen Wang, Wen-Miin Liang, Trong-Neng Wu, Wilfried J J Karmaus, Jiin-Chyr Hsu
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have chemopreventive effect on lung cancer (LC) development in humans. We investigated the association between the ICS use in asthma patients and the risk of LC. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, population-based retrospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance database. We identified 4210 asthmatics who were initially free of LC and regularly used ICS between 2001 and 2005 and 37,228 asthmatics without regular ICS use...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123333/the-pattern-of-bone-involvement-management-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#9
Abdulrahman M Jazieh, Thuraya S AlSumai, Yosra Z Ali, Nagham R Sheblaq, Mohammad Alkaiyat
CONTEXT AND AIM: The skeleton is a frequent site for metastasis in patients with breast, lung, and prostate cancer. Bone metastasis compromises skeletal integrity leading to skeletal-related events (SREs). This study aims at estimating the prevalence of bone metastasis in lung cancer and describing types of bone involvement, management, outcomes, and overall survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 259 patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer who consulted the Department of Medical Oncology at our institution between January 2002 and December 2012...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123332/factors-influencing-management-of-chronic-respiratory-diseases-in-general-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-particular-in-saudi-arabia-an-overview
#10
Mohammed E Alsubaiei, Paul A Cafarella, Peter A Frith, R Doug McEvoy, Tanja W Effing
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Saudi Arabia is 4.2% among the general population and 14.2% among smokers. Studies showed that management of respiratory diseases is inadequate. In this article, we have elaborated on how factors as health economic factors, lack of health-care providers, culture, attitude, lifestyle (such as smoking and physical inactivity), and lack of adherence to the evidence-based practice guidelines may influence chronic respiratory disease management in Saudi Arabia...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123331/bronchiolitis-in-children-the-saudi-initiative-of-bronchiolitis-diagnosis-management-and-prevention-sibro
#11
Adel S Alharbi, Mansour Alqwaiee, Mohammed Y Al-Hindi, Rafat Mosalli, Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Saleh Alharbi, Abdullah Yousef, Amal Al Aidaroos, Turki Alahmadi, Aisha Alshammary, Abeer Miqdad, Yazan Said, Abdulrahman Alnemri
Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of admissions in children less than two years of age. It has been recognized as highly debated for many decades. Despite the abundance of literature and the well-recognized importance of palivizumab in the high risk groups, and despite the existence of numerous, high-quality, recent guidelines on bronchiolitis, the number of admissions continues to increase. Only supportive therapy and few therapeutic interventions are evidence based and proved to be effective. Since Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the major cause of bronchiolitis, we will focus on this virus mostly in high risk groups like the premature babies and children with chronic lung disease and cardiac abnormalities...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123330/bronchiolitis-in-children-the-saudi-initiative-of-bronchiolitis-diagnosis-management-and-prevention-sibro
#12
EDITORIAL
Paolo Manzoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675066/author-reply
#13
Grigoris K Stratakos, Abdelfattah A Touman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675065/safety-and-accuracy-of-transthoracic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy
#14
Elisabettamaria Frongillo, Maria Giulia Tinti, Lucia Dimitri, Marco Sperandeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675064/resolution-of-refractory-hepatic-hydrothorax-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-cirrhosis-after-treatment-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents
#15
Maged H Hussein, Musthafa Chalikandy Peedikayil, Zamir Ahmed Zamir, Abdulrahman Alfadda
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a transudative pleural effusion that complicates advanced liver cirrhosis. Cases refractory to medical treatment in the form of salt restriction and diuretics are labeled refractory hepatic hydrothorax (RHH) and may require transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSS) or even liver transplantation. Renal impairment is common in advanced liver disease, worsens its prognosis, and makes the management of HH more challenging. Successful antiviral therapy reduces some of the complications of cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675063/chylothorax-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-with-fine-needle-aspiration-causing-migrating-appearance-of-a-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-pleura
#16
Francesco Mongelli, Maurice FitzGerald, Stefano Cafarotti, Rolf Inderbitzi
Trans-esophageal endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is widely used to assess mediastinal masses. Common complications are self-limiting bleeding or pain, but occasionally, more serious accidents have been reported. A 54-year-old woman with a huge mass located in the left middle mediastinum presented 2 days after an EUS-FNA with dyspnea and chest pain. Computed tomography scan showed a massive left pleural effusion. A chest tube was inserted revealing a chylothorax (1800 ml). Over the following days, the pleural effusion did not diminish, requiring a left mini-thoracotomy...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675062/indications-retrieval-rate-and-complications-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-single-center-experience-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdullah Bin Shabib, Fahad Alsayed, Saad Aldughaythir, Hanan Habeeb, Sumayyah Al Tamimi, Emad Masuadi, Mohsen Alzahrani, Ali Alaklabi, Azzam Alotaibi, Rajkumar Rajendram, Mosaad Almegren
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is indicated in patients with acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in whom therapeutic anticoagulation is contraindicated. While prophylactic insertion of an IVC filter may be considered for patients at high risk of VTE, there are significant differences between clinical guidelines on the role of IVC filters. These discrepancies have arisen predominantly because of the paucity of data on the efficacy and safety of IVC filters. We, therefore, evaluated the indications for filter insertion, the rate of filter retrieval and complications in patients who received IVC filters at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675061/comorbidities-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-is-there-an-interdisciplinary-consensus-needed-to-qualify-patients-for-surgical-treatment
#18
Marta Lembicz, Piotr Gabryel, Beata Brajer-Luftmann, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Halina Batura-Gabryel
INTRODUCTION: Radical surgical treatment is the preferred action for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Qualification for surgical treatment should consider a risk associated with the effect of comorbidities on the general condition of the patient. The aim of this article was an attempt to identify the risk factors for postoperative complications in patients treated for NSCLC, with a special focus on the coexisting diseases. METHODS: A total of 400 patients with NSCLC were included in this retrospective study...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675060/utility-and-safety-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-patients-with-mediastinal-and-hilar-lymphadenopathy-western-region-experience
#19
Ahmed A Aljohaney
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical utility and safety of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in patients with mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy and to explicitly describe the utility of this procedure in patient's outcome. METHODS: A retrospective review and analysis was conducted on 52 patients with mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy who underwent EBUS-TBNA from June 2012 to June 2016. All the patients were evaluated by computed tomography (CT) chest with contrast before EBUS examination...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675059/natural-history-of-treatment-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-on-positive-airway-pressure-a-systematic-review
#20
Gaurav Nigam, Muhammad Riaz, Edward T Chang, Macario Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea (TECSA) is observed in some patients when they are treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) after significant resolution of the preexisting obstructive events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies describing the natural history of TECSA. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochran Library databases were searched through June 29, 2017...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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