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Annals of Thoracic Medicine

Gen Ohara, Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroko Watanabe, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Gawahir Mohamed Ahmed Mukhtar, Wadha Hilal Al Otaibi, Khalid Fahad Abdullah Al-Mobaireek, Suhail Al-Saleh
Mutation in ABCA3, which is adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette member A3, a member of protein transporter family for phospholipids into the lamellar bodies during synthesis of surfactant, can cause lung disease related to surfactant dysfunction with autosomal recessive pattern. We reported three cases from same family with ABCA3 mutation, their gene, clinical course, and outcomes mentioning that one patient had successful lung transplantation, one started the process of the lung transplantation while the third one died during infancy...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Elena Curto, Elvira Munteis-Olivas, Eva Balcells, M Marisol Domínguez-Álvarez
Natalizumab (Tysabri(®)) is a leukocytes chemotaxis inhibitor that decreases the leukocytes passage through the hematoencephalic barrier and it is currently used in relapsing-remitting forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). We present a patient with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis diagnosed with MS who started treatment with natalizumab. She began to show mild asthmatic symptoms until she needed admission to the hospital due to respiratory insufficiency. Blood tests showed peripheral eosinophilia and the thoracic computed tomography scan demonstrated pulmonary infiltrates...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Yaseen M Arabi, Brian W Pickering, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Abdulmohsen Alsaawi, Saad M Al-Qahtani, Alasdair W Hay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Osman Zeki Karakuş, Oktay Ulusoy, Gülce Hakgüder, Oğuz Ateş, Çimen Olguner, Mustafa Olguner, Feza Mirac Akgür
BACKGROUND: Modifications defined to ease bending of the support bar and lateral stabilizer placement during minimal invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) have not been reported. We herein report our experience with MIRPE including several technical modifications. METHODS: A total of 87 patients who underwent MIRPE were evaluated retrospectively. Technical modifications are (1) a template drawn preoperatively according to the anthropometric measurements, (2) more laterally placed thoracal incisions, (3) single existing incision for multiple support bars, (4) to secure lateral stabilizers to support bar in inverted position...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Ali H Hajeer, Hanan Balkhy, Sameera Johani, Mohammed Z Yousef, Yaseen Arabi
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a disease of the lower respiratory tract and is characterized by high mortality. It is caused by a beta coronavirus (CoV) referred to as MERS-CoV. Majority of MERS-CoV cases have been reported from Saudi Arabia. AIM: We investigated the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class II alleles in patients with severe MERS who were admitted in our Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: A total of 23 Saudi patients with severe MERS-CoV infection were typed for HLA class II, results were compared with those of 161 healthy controls...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Gaurav Nigam, Charu Pathak, Muhammad Riaz
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea (TECSA) is the appearance of central apneas and hypopneas after significant resolution of the obstructive events has been attained using positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of TECSA and to understand what factors are associated with its development. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochran Library databases were searched with Mesh headings to locate studies linking TECSA and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Hanan H Balkhy, Kamel El Beltagy, Aiman El-Saed, Badr Aljasir, Abdulhakeem Althaqafi, Adel F Alothman, Mohammad Alshalaan, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
OBJECTIVES: To compare QuantiFERON-TB gold in tube (QFT-GIT) test with tuberculin skin test (TST) in detecting latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among a general population in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted between July 2010 and March 2013 among individuals randomly selected from the list of those receiving care at primary healthcare centers in three provinces of Saudi Arabia; Central, Western, and Eastern provinces...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Kavi Madhani, Eric McGrath, Lokesh Guglani
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric lung abscesses can be primary or secondary, and there is limited data regarding response to treatments and patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and microbiologic profile of pediatric patients with lung abscess and assess the differences in outcomes for patients treated with medical therapy or medical plus surgical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients ≤ 18 years of age that were treated as an inpatient for lung abscess between the dates of August 2004 and August 2014 was conducted...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Amanda Chidiac, Hani Tamim, Mohamad Kanso, Arafat Tfayli
INTRODUCTION: The tobacco epidemic is a major public health threat facing the world. Tobacco dependence is recognized as the greatest preventable cause of disease and death. Medical students are in key position influencing future tobacco cessation programs. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of smoking among medical students across Lebanon and their smoking attitudes. It also investigates their attitude toward smoking, showing where they really stand on this major public health issue...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Alberto Valsecchi, Sabrina Arondi, Giampietro Marchetti
BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy (MT) or pleuroscopy is a procedure performed to diagnose and treat malignant and benign pleural diseases. Totally 2752 pleuroscopies executed in 1984-2013 in our center were considered in this study. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed. Observational time was divided into six series of 5 years. We calculated MT diagnostic yield and analyzed trends of main diseases diagnosed along the time. RESULTS: Along the 30 years population became progressively older...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Manjush Karthika, Farhan A Al Enezi, Lalitha V Pillai, Yaseen M Arabi
Predicting successful liberation of patients from mechanical ventilation has been a focus of interest to clinicians practicing in intensive care. Various weaning indices have been investigated to identify an optimal weaning window. Among them, the rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) has gained wide use due to its simple technique and avoidance of calculation of complex pulmonary mechanics. Since its first description, several modifications have been suggested, such as the serial measurements and the rate of change of RSBI, to further improve its predictive value...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Giulia Spoletini, Nicholas S Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Anwar M Hashem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Kabilan Chokkappan, Anbalagan Kannivelu, Sivasubramanian Srinivasan, Suresh Balasubramanian Babut
Bilateral pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare and are often associated with the hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT/Osler-Weber-Rendu) syndrome. We present a woman who presented with neurological symptoms due to a cerebral abscess. On further evaluation, bilateral pulmonary AVMs were identified. The patient was diagnosed with HHT, based on positive family history and multiple cerebral AVMs recognized on subsequent catheter angiogram, in addition to the presence of bilateral pulmonary AVMs...
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Hinesh Upadhyay, Sushanth Bhat, Divya Gupta, Martha Mulvey, Sue Ming
Intermittent vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can reduce the frequency of seizures in patients with refractory epilepsy, but can affect respiration in sleep. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can worsen seizure frequency. Unfortunately, OSA and VNS-induced sleep disordered breathing (SDB) may occur in the same patient, leading to a therapeutic dilemma. We report a pediatric patient in whom OSA improved after tonsillectomy, but coexistent VNS-induced SDB persisted. With decrease in VNS output current, patient's SDB improved, but seizure activity exacerbated, which required a return to the original settings...
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Abdulrahman M Al-Turaiki, Maha A Al-Ammari, Shmeylan A Al-Harbi, Nabil S Khalidi, Abdulmalik M Alkatheri, Tariq M Aldebasi, Salah M AbuRuz, Abdulkareem M Albekairy
AIMS: No previous reports on the utilization of CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED scores in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients in Saudi Arabia have been identified in the literature. The main objectives of this study were to assess and compare the distribution of CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED scores and to identify the most common risk factors for stroke and bleeding among AF patients attending clinical pharmacists managed anticoagulation clinic. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted over 2 months period at clinical pharmacists managed anticoagulation clinic...
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Toru Kadowaki, Kiryo Wakabayashi, Masahiro Kimura, Kanako Kobayashi, Toshikazu Ikeda, Shuichi Yano
BACKGROUND: For patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) who are treated with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), a little is known regarding the effects of low-intensity NPPV (LI-NPPV) on the clinical course of CRF and the frequency of adjustments in these patients. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of LI-NPPV on the clinical course of patients with CRF as compared with patients who were treated with conventional NPPV (C-NPPV) and determined how frequently NPPV was adjusted during therapy...
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Waseem M Hajjar, Sami A Al-Nassar, Reem M Alahmadi, Shahad M Almohanna, Sara M Alhilali
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking is a well-known risk factor for postoperative complications. Quitting smoking prior to surgery helps overcome those complications. PROBLEM: Surgeons' attention for educating their patients about the importance of smoking cessation prior to surgery is one of the most effective ways to reduce smoking-related surgical complications. The extent of advised patients by their surgeons has not been identified. METHODS: A descriptive, comparative cross-sectional study using a survey was conducted in 2013 including eligible patients in King Khalid University Hospital...
April 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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