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Annals of Thoracic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675066/author-reply
#1
Grigoris K Stratakos, Abdelfattah A Touman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675065/safety-and-accuracy-of-transthoracic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy
#2
Elisabettamaria Frongillo, Maria Giulia Tinti, Lucia Dimitri, Marco Sperandeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675064/resolution-of-refractory-hepatic-hydrothorax-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-cirrhosis-after-treatment-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents
#3
Maged H Hussein, Musthafa Chalikandy Peedikayil, Zamir Ahmed Zamir, Abdulrahman Alfadda
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a transudative pleural effusion that complicates advanced liver cirrhosis. Cases refractory to medical treatment in the form of salt restriction and diuretics are labeled refractory hepatic hydrothorax (RHH) and may require transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSS) or even liver transplantation. Renal impairment is common in advanced liver disease, worsens its prognosis, and makes the management of HH more challenging. Successful antiviral therapy reduces some of the complications of cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675063/chylothorax-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-with-fine-needle-aspiration-causing-migrating-appearance-of-a-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-pleura
#4
Francesco Mongelli, Maurice FitzGerald, Stefano Cafarotti, Rolf Inderbitzi
Trans-esophageal endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is widely used to assess mediastinal masses. Common complications are self-limiting bleeding or pain, but occasionally, more serious accidents have been reported. A 54-year-old woman with a huge mass located in the left middle mediastinum presented 2 days after an EUS-FNA with dyspnea and chest pain. Computed tomography scan showed a massive left pleural effusion. A chest tube was inserted revealing a chylothorax (1800 ml). Over the following days, the pleural effusion did not diminish, requiring a left mini-thoracotomy...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675062/indications-retrieval-rate-and-complications-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-single-center-experience-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Abdullah Bin Shabib, Fahad Alsayed, Saad Aldughaythir, Hanan Habeeb, Sumayyah Al Tamimi, Emad Masuadi, Mohsen Alzahrani, Ali Alaklabi, Azzam Alotaibi, Rajkumar Rajendram, Mosaad Almegren
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is indicated in patients with acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in whom therapeutic anticoagulation is contraindicated. While prophylactic insertion of an IVC filter may be considered for patients at high risk of VTE, there are significant differences between clinical guidelines on the role of IVC filters. These discrepancies have arisen predominantly because of the paucity of data on the efficacy and safety of IVC filters. We, therefore, evaluated the indications for filter insertion, the rate of filter retrieval and complications in patients who received IVC filters at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675061/comorbidities-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-is-there-an-interdisciplinary-consensus-needed-to-qualify-patients-for-surgical-treatment
#6
Marta Lembicz, Piotr Gabryel, Beata Brajer-Luftmann, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Halina Batura-Gabryel
INTRODUCTION: Radical surgical treatment is the preferred action for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Qualification for surgical treatment should consider a risk associated with the effect of comorbidities on the general condition of the patient. The aim of this article was an attempt to identify the risk factors for postoperative complications in patients treated for NSCLC, with a special focus on the coexisting diseases. METHODS: A total of 400 patients with NSCLC were included in this retrospective study...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675060/utility-and-safety-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-in-patients-with-mediastinal-and-hilar-lymphadenopathy-western-region-experience
#7
Ahmed A Aljohaney
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical utility and safety of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in patients with mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy and to explicitly describe the utility of this procedure in patient's outcome. METHODS: A retrospective review and analysis was conducted on 52 patients with mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy who underwent EBUS-TBNA from June 2012 to June 2016. All the patients were evaluated by computed tomography (CT) chest with contrast before EBUS examination...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675059/natural-history-of-treatment-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-on-positive-airway-pressure-a-systematic-review
#8
Gaurav Nigam, Muhammad Riaz, Edward T Chang, Macario Camacho
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea (TECSA) is observed in some patients when they are treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) after significant resolution of the preexisting obstructive events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies describing the natural history of TECSA. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochran Library databases were searched through June 29, 2017...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675058/foreign-body-removal-by-flexible-bronchoscopy-using-retrieval-basket-in-children
#9
Kyunghoon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Eun Ae Yang, Hwan Soo Kim, Yoon Hong Chun, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim
OBJECTIVES: Aspiration of foreign bodies into the tracheobronchial tree is a common accident in children. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and outcome of foreign body removal by flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket in children. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children treated for foreign bodies in the airway via flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket at a tertiary hospital in Korea between February 2014 and October 2017. The medical records of the patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675057/causes-of-death-in-long-term-survivors-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-regional-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-study
#10
Amaraja A Kanitkar, Ann G Schwartz, Julie George, Ayman O Soubani
INTRODUCTION: Survival from lung cancer is improving. There are limited data on the causes of death in 5-year survivors of lung cancer. The aim of this study is to explore the causes of death in long-term survivors of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and describe the odds of dying from causes other than lung cancer in this patient population. METHODS: An analysis of 5-year survivors of newly diagnosed NSCLC from 1996 to 2007, in Metropolitan Detroit included in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, was done...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675056/medieval-islamic-scholarship-and-writings-on-sleep-and-dreams
#11
Ahmed S BaHammam, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Islamic civilization between the 7th and the 15th centuries made great contributions to the development of science and medicine, and discoveries made during this time formed the basis for the emergence of the European Renaissance. Muslims view sleep as one of the great signs of Allāh , and a number of Muslim scholars studied and wrote on sleep and dreams. However, Muslim scholars' contributions to this topic have not been adequately represented in modern scholarship. Islamic scholars did far more than simply act as the preservers of the antiquity and Greek knowledge, but rather laid significant foundation, translation, interpretation, and transference of knowledge and experience, and have contributed original works in many fields of science and medicine including sleep...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675055/shifting-paradigm-from-no-code-and-do-not-resuscitate-to-goals-of-care-policies
#12
Yaseen M Arabi, Abdulla A Al-Sayyari, Mohamed S Al Moamary
Policies addressing limitations of medical therapy in patients with advanced medical conditions are typically referred to as Code Status (No Code) policies or Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) status polices. Inconsistencies in implementation, understanding, decision-making, communication and management of No Code or DNR orders have led to delivery of poorer care to some patients. Several experts have called for a change in the current approach. The new approach, Goals of Care paradigm, aims to contextualize the decisions about resuscitation and advanced life support within the overall plan of care, focusing on choices of treatments to be given rather than specifically on treatments not to be given...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387261/duration-of-antibiotic-therapy-for-critically-ill-patients-with-bloodstream-infections-a-retrospective-observational-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Eman Alqasim, Sameera Aljohani, Majid Alshamrani, Nick Daneman, Robert Fowler, Yaseen Arabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387260/pulmonary-consequences-of-hypothyroidism
#14
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387259/consultation-time-for-the-pulmonary-patient
#15
Abdullah Mobeireek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387258/description-of-a-new-rare-alpha-1-antitrypsin-mutation-in-naples-italy-pi-m-s-napoli
#16
Marco Mosella, Mariasofia Accardo, Antonio Molino, Mauro Maniscalco, Alessandro Sanduzzi Zamparelli
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a rare and often underdiagnosed hereditary disorder, which mainly affects the Caucasian population. We report a case of a noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis patient in the absence of emphysema associated with low serum alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) level, in the absence of the most common defective alleles associated with AAT deficiency (PI*S and PI*Z) but with a new mutation in heterozygosis. This mutation is characterized by the substitution in the coding region of exon 3, of a guanine (G) for a thymine (T), generating the replacement of a glutamine (Gln) by a histidine (His) in codon 212 (cod 212 GlnCAG > HisCAT), corresponds to a new S allelic variant...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387257/deciphering-a-case-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-young-female-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-drainage-the-culprit
#17
Hiten R Patel, Suchit Bhutani, Fayez Shamoon, Hartaj Virk
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD) is a rare congenital cardiac defect and is associated with sinus venosus atrial septal defect. While most cases are asymptomatic, a patient can present with pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) and it can be difficult to diagnose. Here, we discuss the case of a young female with PHTN who was found to have two right-sided PAPVD. Through this case, authors try to emphasize the importance of meticulous and thorough investigation when evaluating PHTN, which allows for correct diagnosis and a timely intervention before PHTN becomes irreversible...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387256/the-effects-of-diurnal-intermittent-fasting-on-the-wake-promoting-neurotransmitter-orexin-a
#18
Aljohara S Almeneessier, Mohammed Alzoghaibi, Abdulrahman A BaHammam, Mahmoud G Ibrahim, Awad H Olaish, Samar Z Nashwan, Ahmed S BaHammam
BACKGROUND: Food restriction has been demonstrated to increase the alertness in different species and to increase the levels of the wake-promoting neurotransmitter orexin. We hypothesized that diurnal intermittent fasting (DIF) increases orexin-A levels during fasting. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the effects of DIF, during the month of Ramadan, on orexin, while controlling for lifestyle changes that may accompany Ramadan such as sleep duration, bedtime and wake time, energy expenditure, light exposure, and food...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387255/comparison-of-positional-and-rapid-eye-movement-dependent-sleep-apnea-syndromes
#19
Fatih Uzer, Asli Bostancı Toptas, Ummuhan Okur, Selen Bozkurt, Ebru Dogrul, Murat Turhan, Aykut Cilli
AIM: We aimed to compare the clinical, epidemiological, and polysomnographic features of rapid eye movement (REM)-dependent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and positional OSAS which are two separate clinical entities. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, at the Akdeniz University Medical Faculty Hospital, patients who were diagnosed REM-dependent and positional OSAS with polysomnography were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: In this study, 1727 patients were screened consecutively...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387254/admission-predictability-of-children-with-acute-asthma
#20
Maan Alherbish, Khalid F Mobaireek, Abdullah A Alangari
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the seasonal variations of acute asthma presentation in children and the utility of the pediatric asthma score (PAS) and its components in early admission prediction. METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial addressing the clinical efficacy of budesonide nebulization in the treatment of acute asthma in children, the PAS was measured at baseline, 1st , 2nd , 3rd , and 4th h from the start of medications. Decision of admission was taken at or beyond the 2nd h...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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