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Annals of Thoracic Medicine

Thuraya S AlSumai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Kunihiko Miyazaki, Toshihiro Shiozawa, Hideyasu Yamada, Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Waseem M Hajjar, Areej S Alrajeh, Lulwah S Alturki, Sami A Al-Nassar, Adnan W Hajjar
Cutis laxa (CL) is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by a loose, wrinkled, and inelastic skin. Here, we report an unusual presentation in a 15-year-old male patient who is a known patient of CL who presented with bilateral pneumothorax. He was successfully managed initially by chest tube insertion and then he was treated surgically with bilateral staged thoracoscopy, apical bullectomy, and pleurodesis with full uneventful recovery.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Min Joo Kim, Han Na Lee, Jung Im Kim, Gou Young Kim
Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma is defined as a nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that contains at least 10% sarcomatoid components. We report a case of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma of which only the sarcomatoid component metastasized to the small bowel and adenocarcinoma was identified on percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB). We suggest that if an NSCLC is diagnosed by PTNB and a sarcoma is found at another site, or vice versa, pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma with a single metastasis should be considered as a differential diagnosis to establish the best effective treatment plan...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Binghu Jiang, Morgan A Mcclure, Tianming Chen, Shilin Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), cryoablation, and microwave ablation (MWA) for patients with lung malignancies. METHODS: We performed a network meta-analysis to identify both direct and indirect evidence from relevant trials by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to December 31, 2017, for the treatment of malignant lung tumors with the use of RFA, MWA, or cryoablation...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Mohammed Dhafer AlAhmari, Hajed Al-Otaibi, Hatem Qutub, Ibrahim AlBalawi, Abdullah Alqahtani, Bandar Almasoudi
INTRODUCTION: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been extensively used globally and is often administered as the first-line treatment. Currently, data regarding the utilization of NIV in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is scarce. The present study aimed to assess and quantify the utilization of NIV in clinical practice across the KSA and investigate obstacles that may cause NIV underutilization. METHODS: A web-based survey composed of a 31-item, self-administered questionnaire was developed and validated...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Pui-Ying Iroh Tam, Lei Zhang, Zohara Cohen
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of positive human rhinovirus (HRV) in hospitalized patients is unclear. Our objective was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of HRV positivity in a heterogeneous population of hospitalized children, compared to those positive for another respiratory virus and those where no respiratory virus was detected. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of children hospitalized between January 2014 to April 2015 who had a respiratory viral specimen collected...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
François Bertin, Alessandro Piccardo, Eric Denes, Gonzagues Delepine, Jeremy Tricard
CONTEXT: To date, there is no gold standard technique for sternum replacement. Current techniques rely on metallic prosthesis, meshes and bars, or bone grafts. However, they have several pitfalls. AIMS: The aim of this article is to report the results of sternal replacement with a porous alumina ceramic sternum. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Surgeries were performed in two teaching hospitals in France. METHODS: We designed a porous alumina ceramic prosthesis which possesses interesting characteristics for this surgery such as great biocompatibility, a certain level of bacterial resistance, radiolucency, and compatibility with radiotherapy...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Majed Alamri, Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S Bahammam
BACKGROUND: Polysubstance dependence, stress, and sleep disturbances are inter-related by shared physiological pathways. No study has investigated the relationship between sleep and concurrent use of alcohol and khat. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the concurrent use of alcohol and khat as well as concurrent alcohol, khat, and tobacco smoking on sleep patterns. METHODS: A sample of community-dwelling adults ( n = 339, age = 25...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Prapaporn Pornsuriyasak, Thitiporn Suwatanapongched, Wasana Thaipisuttikul, Chayanin Nitiwarangkul, Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Naparat Amornputtisathaporn, Kittipong Maneechotesuwan
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain: (i) if elderly patients with fixed airflow obstruction (FAO) due to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have distinct airway morphologic and physiologic changes; (ii) the correlation between the morphology of proximal/peripheral airways and respiratory impedance. METHODS: Twenty-five asthma cases with FAO and 22 COPD patients were enrolled. High-resolution computed tomography was used to measure the wall area (WA) and lumen area (LA) of the proximal airway at the apical segmental bronchus of the right upper lobe (RB1) adjusted by body surface area (BSA) and bronchial wall thickening (BWT r ) of the peripheral airways and extent of expiratory air trapping (AT exp )...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Faria Nasim, Vivek N Iyer
Bronchial Thermoplasty is a procedure that involves the delivery of radiofrequency energy during bronchoscopy to airways in order to selectively ablate airway smooth muscles. Bronchial Thermoplasty was approved by the FDA in 2010 and remains the only device based non-pharmacological treatment approach for severe asthma. We appraise the trials leading to the approval of Bronchial Thermoplasty in light of the FDA approval process. Current international guidelines regarding use of Bronchial Thermoplasty and emering pharmacological options for severe asthma are reviewed...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Majed AlGhamdi, Sarah AlGhanem, Mohammed AlGarni, Khaled AlKattan, Mashael AlRujaib, Manal AlNaimi, Ola Mahmoud Babelli, Suleiman AlShehri, Rana AlQahtani, Mohammed Zeitouni
BACKGROUND: While lung cancer is the leading cancer cause of death, it is largely preventable. Furthermore, early diagnosis enhances the chance of cure. Therefore, we developed guidelines for lung cancer prevention and early detection. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of experts in lung cancer representing different health-care sectors was assembled based on the National Cancer Center request and in coordination with the Saudi Lung Cancer Association of Saudi Thoracic Society...
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
John Howington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Cristoforo Incorvaia, Paolo Scarpazza, Gian Galeazzo Riario-Sforza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Limael E Rodriguez, Joel E Rodriguez, Dev R Boodoosingh, Victor M Salcedo
Chronic cough is associated with repetitive injury to the upper airway and trachea, which can lead to an underdiagnosed pathology known as "cough-induced" laryngotracheitis (CILT). In this report, we describe a case of CILT that responded well to dual therapy.
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Waseem M Hajjar, Abdulmalik M Alsheikh, Alanoud Y Alhumaid, Noura A Alkreedees, Nouf B Abdulwahed, Adnan W Hajjar
Schistosoma is a parasitic infection that affects many people worldwide. However, pulmonary Schistosomiasis is very rare entity which defined as pulmonary involvement develops in persons living or travelling in endemic areas. We report a rare case of 23-year-old Yamani patient admitted as an emergency with a 1-week history of productive cough, hemoptysis, and chest pain. Chest X-ray and computed tomography scan showed right upper lobe peripheral abscess cavity. All routine blood investigations and interventions such as bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage failed to confirm the diagnosis...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Coşkun Doğan, Ali Fidan, Elif Torun Parmaksız, Sevda Şener Cömert, Banu Salepçi, Benan Çağlayan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of homogeneous/heterogeneous (necrotic) involvement and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) value of the lesion on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) of patients who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) for prediagnosis of lung cancer and biopsy for endobronchial lesion on the diagnostic success of biopsy procedure. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2016, patients with final diagnosis of pulmonary malignancy as determined by FOB biopsy and patients who failed to be diagnosed by FOB biopsy and diagnosed with pulmonary malignancy by a different diagnostic method were examined...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Samah Alsafadi, Bahaa Abaalkhail, Siraj Omar Wali, Khaled Aljammali, Bedor Alotaiby, Ibrahim Zakaria, Hanadi Sabbahi
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is etiologically divided into primary and secondary syndromes. However, a comparative description of both types is lacking in the literature. We compared primary and secondary RLS with respect to demographic determinants, associated risk factors, and comorbidities. METHODS: Following a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of RLS in a Saudi population, RLS cases were identified using the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG) criteria...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Yazan Ghazi Al Shaikh, Mohamad Mohamad Haytham Shieb, Sema Koruturk, Amal Alghefari, Zainab Hassan, Bashair Mohammed Mussa
INTRODUCTION: Recently, sleeping disorders and snoring are being recognized as a public health concern with various risk factors and health consequences. The main objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of snoring and sleep apnea among adults (20-60 years) in Sharjah (United Arab Emirates, UAE) and assess the major risk factors as well as the general knowledge among the population. METHODS: A self-administrated Questionnaire of five sections including both Berlin questionnaire (BQ) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scales (ESS) were given to a randomly selected population in Sharjah between the ages of 20-60 years...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Erkan Akar, Tekin Yildiz, Safak Atahan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to report our patients with pulmonary siderosis (PS) who were exposed to iron oxide and diagnosed with the minimally invasive surgical technique (video-assisted thoracic surgery [VATS]), and to provide a discussion of the relevant literature. METHODS: Hospital records of seven patients who were diagnosed with PS by VATS between 2008 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. VATS was performed for seven patients for whom no definitive diagnosis could be made with other diagnostic techniques...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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