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Nanoscale Research Letters

Ashish Chhaganlal Gandhi, Ting Shan Chan, Jayashree Pant, Sheng Yun Wu
After a decade of effort, a large number of magnetic memory nanoparticles with different sizes and core/shell compositions have been developed. While the field-cooling memory effect is often attributed to particle size and distribution effects, other magnetic coupling parameters such as inter- and intra-coupling strength, exchange bias, interfacial pinned spins, and the crystallinity of the nanoparticles also have a significant influence on magnetization properties and mechanisms. In this study, we used the analysis of static- and dynamic-magnetization measurements to investigate NiO nanoparticles with different sizes and discussed how these field-cooling strengths affect their memory properties...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Inna Savelii, Laurent Bigot, Bruno Capoen, Cedric Gonnet, Corinne Chanéac, Ekaterina Burova, Alain Pastouret, Hicham El-Hamzaoui, Mohamed Bouazaoui
Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) for harsh environments require to develop specific fabrication methods of Er (3+)-doped fibers (EDFs) so as to limit the impact of radiation-induced absorption. In this context, a compromise has to be found between the concentration of Erbium and the glass composition. On the one hand, high concentration of Er (3+) ions helps to reduce the length of the EDF and hence the cumulated attenuation but generally leads to luminescence quenching mechanisms that limit the performances...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Son Ngoc Truong, Khoa Van Pham, Wonsun Yang, Anjae Jo, Mi Jung Lee, Hyun-Sun Mo, Kyeong-Sik Min
In this paper, we propose a new time-shared twin memristor crossbar for pattern-recognition applications. By sharing two memristor arrays at different time, the number of memristor arrays can be reduced by half, saving the crossbar area by half, too. To implement the time-shared twin memristor crossbar, we also propose CMOS time-shared subtractor circuit, in this paper. The operation of the time-shared twin memristor crossbar is verified using 3 × 3 memristor array which is made of aluminum film and carbon fiber...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Keqin Chen, Hui Gao, Bowei Bai, Wenjing Liu, Xiaolong Li
A luminescent terbium ions/reduced graphene oxide complex (Tb-RGO) was successfully and rapidly synthesized by the microwave hydrothermal reaction via the interactions between terbium ions and the active oxygen functional groups of graphene oxide. The as-prepared material was porous stacked by multilayer graphene in all directions. Thus, the resulting product owed the high specific surface area, high adsorption capacity and ultra-fast adsorption rate. Combined with the characteristic photoluminescence derived from terbium ions, the material has potential applications in biosensing and environmental protection...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Liubomyr S Monastyrskii, Bogdan S Sokolovskii, Mariya P Alekseichyk
The paper theoretically investigates the peculiarities of energy diagram of asymmetric graded-band-gap superlattices with linear coordinate dependences of band gap and electron affinity. For calculating the energy diagram of asymmetric graded-band-gap superlattices, linearized Poisson's equation has been solved for the two layers forming a period of the superlattice. The obtained coordinate dependences of edges of the conduction and valence bands demonstrate substantial transformation of the shape of the energy diagram at changing the period of the lattice and the ratio of width of the adjacent layers...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Xiaoting Dong, Yawei Niu, Yi Ding, Yuemin Wang, Jialan Zhao, Wei Leng, Linghao Qin
Nano erythrocyte ghosts have recently been used as drug carriers of water-soluble APIs due to inherit biological characteristics of good compatibility, low toxicity, and small side-effect. In this study, we developed a novel drug delivery system based on nano erythrocyte ghosts (STS-Nano-RBCs) to transport Sodium Tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) for intravenous use in rat. STS-Nano-RBCs were prepared by hypotonic lysis and by extrusion methods, and its biological properties were investigated compared with STS injection...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Larissa Fernanda de Araújo Vieira, Marvin Paulo Lins, Iana Mayane Mendes Nicácio Viana, Jeniffer Estevão Dos Santos, Salete Smaniotto, Maria Danielma Dos Santos Reis
Nanoparticles have extremely wide applications in the medical and biological fields. They are being used in biosensors, local drug delivery, diagnostics, and medical therapy. However, the potential effects of nanoparticles on target cell and tissue function, apart from cytotoxicity, are not completely understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on human fibroblasts with respect to their interaction with the extracellular matrix and in cell migration...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Vitaliy E Danilhenko
Data about an effect of cyclic γ-α-γ martensitic transformations on the structure state of reverted austenite Fe-31.7 wt.% Ni-0.06 wt.% C alloy are presented. The effect of multiple direct γ-α and reverse α-γ martensitic transformations on fragmentation of austenitic grains has been investigated by electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction methods. An ultrafine structure has been formed by nanofragmentation inside the initial austenite grains due to the successive misorientation of their crystal lattice...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Yu Jiao, Wei Chen, Tianyu Lei, Liping Dai, Bo Chen, Chunyang Wu, Jie Xiong
High energy density, low cost and environmental friendliness are the advantages of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery which is regarded as a promising device for electrochemical energy storage systems. As one of the important ingredients in Li-S battery, the binder greatly affects the battery performance. However, the conventional binder has some drawbacks such as poor capability of absorbing hydrophilic lithium polysulfides, resulting in severe capacity decay. In this work, we reported a multi-functional polar binder (AHP) by polymerization of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) with ethylenediamine (EDA) bearing a large amount of amino groups, which were successfully used in electrode preparation with commercial sulfur powder cathodes...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Vitaliy E Danilchenko, Alexander V Filatov, Vladimir F Mazanko, Viktor E Iakovlev
A significant carbon diffusion mobility acceleration as a result of cyclic γ↔ε martensitic transformations in iron-manganese alloy is determined by one- and two-dimensional structure defects of ε-martensite with face-centered close-packed lattice. Such defects (dislocations, low angle sub-boundaries of dislocations, chaotic stacking faults) were formed during cyclic γ↔ε martensitic transformations. Peak carbon diffusion coefficient increase was observed under thermocycling when maximum quantity of lattice defects increase was fixed...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
L Khomenkova, D Lehninger, O Kondratenko, S Ponomaryov, O Gudymenko, Z Tsybrii, V Yukhymchuk, V Kladko, J von Borany, J Heitmann
Ge-rich ZrO2 films, fabricated by confocal RF magnetron sputtering of pure Ge and ZrO2 targets in Ar plasma, were studied by multi-angle laser ellipsometry, Raman scattering, Auger electron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction for varied deposition conditions and annealing treatments. It was found that as-deposited films are homogeneous for all Ge contents, thermal treatment stimulated a phase separation and a formation of crystalline Ge and ZrO2. The "start point" of this process is in the range of 640-700 °C depending on the Ge content...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
V Kavelin, O Fesenko, H Dubyna, C Vidal, T A Klar, C Hrelescu, L Dolgov
Sulfonated Zn phthalocyanine, as a prospective photosensitizer in the photodynamic therapy of tumors, is investigated by means of Raman, infrared, and fluorescence spectroscopies. Conventional and surface-enhanced spectra from this photosensitizer are obtained and compared. Gold nano-islands attached to silica cores (Au-SiO2) are proposed as nanostructures providing plasmonically enhanced signals. Pronounced enhancement of Raman and infrared spectral bands from sulfonated Zn phthalocyanine allows their more convenient assignment with vibrational modes of sulfonated Zn phthalocyanine...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Wei Li, Hongxia Liu, Shulong Wang, Shupeng Chen, Zhaonian Yang
In this paper, a new Si/SiGe heterojunction tunneling field-effect transistor with a T-shaped gate (HTG-TFET) is proposed and investigated by Silvaco-Atlas simulation. The two source regions of the HTG-TFET are placed on both sides of the gate to increase the tunneling area. The T-shaped gate is designed to overlap with N(+) pockets in both the lateral and vertical directions, which increases the electric field and tunneling rate at the top of tunneling junctions. Moreover, using SiGe in the pocket regions leads to the smaller tunneling distance...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Katsuhiro Isoda, Ryutaro Nagata, Tomoya Hasegawa, Yuichiro Taira, Ikuko Taira, Yoshimi Shimizu, Kazuo Isama, Tetsuji Nishimura, Isao Ishida
Nanomaterials are relatively new and unconventional materials with many useful properties, but their effects on biological systems are poorly understood. Nanoclay is a general term for layered mineral silicate nanoparticles that are ideally suited for use in clay-based nanocomposites. The potential biological hazards of nanoclays have not been addressed, however. Therefore, we investigated the in vivo effects and drug interactions of nanoclays. In mice, administration of nanoclay particles via the tail vein led to acute liver injury...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Xiaojie Jia, Chunlan Zhou, Wenjing Wang
Black silicon shows excellent anti-reflection and thus is extremely useful for photovoltaic applications. However, its high surface recombination velocity limits the efficiency of solar cells. In this paper, the effective minority carrier lifetime of black silicon is improved by optimizing metal-catalyzed chemical etching (MCCE) method, using an Al2O3 thin film deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) as a passivation layer. Using the spray method to eliminate the impact on the rear side, single-side black silicon was obtained on n-type solar grade silicon wafers...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Eero Koivusalo, Teemu Hakkarainen, Mircea Guina
Structural analysis of self-catalyzed GaAs nanowires (NWs) grown on lithography-free oxide patterns is described with insight on their growth kinetics. Statistical analysis of templates and NWs in different phases of the growth reveals extremely high-dimensional uniformity due to a combination of uniform nucleation sites, lack of secondary nucleation of NWs, and self-regulated growth under the effect of nucleation antibunching. Consequently, we observed the first evidence of sub-Poissonian GaAs NW length distributions...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Yaroslav Shpotyuk
Subsequent stages of atomic-deficient nanostructurization finalizing rare-earth functionality under Pr(3+)-doping in Ga2(As0.28Sb0.12Se0.60)98 glass are studied employing method of positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy. Genesis of free-volume positron trapping sites, composed of atomic-accessible geometrical holes (void cores) arrested by surrounding atomic-inaccessible Se-based bond-free solid angles (void shells), are disclosed for parent As2Se3, Ga-codoped Ga2(As0.40Se0.60)98, as well as Ga-codoped and Sb-modified Ga2(As0...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Zi-Zhen Lin, Cong-Liang Huang, Wen-Kai Zhen, Yan-Hui Feng, Xin-Xin Zhang, Ge Wang
The hot-wire method is applied in this paper to probe the thermal conductivity (TC) of Cu and Ni nanoparticle packed beds (NPBs). A different decrease tendency of TC versus porosity than that currently known is discovered. The relationship between the porosity and nanostructure is investigated to explain this unusual phenomenon. It is found that the porosity dominates the TC of the NPB in large porosities, while the TC depends on the contact area between nanoparticles in small porosities. Meanwhile, the Vickers hardness (HV) of NPBs is also measured...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Viktor Dan'ko, Mykola Dmitruk, Ivan Indutnyi, Sergiy Mamykin, Victor Myn'ko, Petro Shepeliavyi, Mariia Lukaniuk, Petro Lytvyn
Optical properties of high-frequency Au gratings with a fixed period (296.6 ± 0.5 nm) and a variable modulation depth are studied using measurements of spectral and angular dependence of transmission and reflection of polarized light in order to build the dispersion curves of excited optical modes and to identify their types. It was shown that in gratings with small modulation depth only propagating surface plasmon-polaritons (SPP) modes were observed. With increasing of modulation depth, the intensity of SPP decreases and localized plasmon (LP) resonance appears, which is more intense at small incident angles, and overlaps with the SPP modes...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Yaxin Guo, Jie Wei, Yalong Liu, Tiantian Yang, Zhuo Xu
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) hierarchical microstructures were synthesized by using a facile and nontoxic hydrothermal route, which were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Raman spectra, and UV-Vis absorption spectra. The results and analysis show that surfactants used in the hydrothermal process have significant effect on the phase structures, morphologies, and photocatalytic activities of CZTS powders. Especially, the well-crystallized and pure kesterite CZTS hierarchical microstructures were synthesized with the addition of high-concentration tartaric acid (TA) in the hydrothermal process...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
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