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Nanoscale Research Letters

M Zubair Akbar Qureshi, Qammar Rubbab, Saadia Irshad, Salman Ahmad, M Aqeel
Energy generation is currently a serious concern in the progress of human civilization. In this regard, solar energy is considered as a significant source of renewable energy. The purpose of the study is to establish a thermal energy model in the presence of spherical Au-metallic nanoparticles. It is numerical work which studies unsteady magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluid flow through porous disks with heat and mass transfer aspects. Shaped factor of nanoparticles is investigated using small values of the permeable Reynolds number...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Shitao Xu, Yongqing Ma, Bingqian Geng, Xiao Sun, Min Wang
Approximately single-domain-sized 9-, 13-, and 16-nm CoFe2O4 nanoparticles are synthesized using the thermal decomposition of a metal-organic salt. By means of dilution and reduction, the concentration, moment, and anisotropy of nanoparticles are changed and their influence on the magnetic properties is investigated. The relation of M r/M s ∝ 1/lgH dip is observed, where M r/M s is the remanence ratio and H dip is the maximum dipolar field. Especially, such relation is more accurate for the nanoparticle systems with higher concentration and higher moment, i...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Xinmin Li, Yingkai Liu, Shuanghui Li, Jieqing Huang, Yuemei Wu, Dapeng Yu
Pure SnO2 and Y-doped SnO2 nanobelts were prepared by thermal evaporation at 1350 °C in the presence of Ar carrier gas (30 sccm). The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersion spectrometer (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR). The sensing properties of the devices based on a single SnO2 nanobelt and Y-doped SnO2 nanobelt were explored to acetone, ethanol, and ethanediol...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jiyu Hu, Feng Qian, Guosheng Song, Wenyao Li, Linlin Wang
Large-area ultrafine MnO2 nanowire arrays (NWA) directly grew on a carbon fiber (CF, used as a substrate) by a simple electrochemical method, forming three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical heterostructures of a CF@MnO2 NWA composite. As an electrode for supercapacitors, the CF@MnO2 NWA composite exhibits excellent electrochemical performances including high specific capacitance (321.3 F g(-1) at 1000 mA g(-1)) and good rate capability. Further, the overall capacitance retention is ~99.7 % capacitance after 3000 cycles...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
L D'Ortenzi, R Monsù, E Cara, M Fretto, S Kara, S J Rezvani, L Boarino
Silicon nanowires fabricated by metal-assisted chemical etching can present low porosity and a rough surface depending on the doping level of the original silicon wafer. In this case, wiring of silicon nanowires may represent a challenging task. We investigated two different approaches to realize the electrical contacts in order to enable electrical measurement on a rough silicon nanowire device: we compared FIB-assisted platinum deposition for the fabrication of electrical contact with EBL technique.
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Aleksey B Smirnov, Serhii B Kryvyi, Sergii A Mulenko, Maria L Sadovnikova, Rada K Savkina, Nicolaie Stefan
Ultraviolet photons of KrF laser (248 nm) was used for the synthesis of nanometric films based on iron and chromium oxides (Fe2O3 - X (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) and Cr3 - X O3 - Y (0 ≤ x ≤ 2; 0 ≤ y ≤ 2)) with variable thickness, stoichiometry, and electrical properties. Film deposition was carried out on the silicon substrate Si < 100 > at the substrate's temperature T S = 293 K. X-ray diffraction and X-ray reflectometry analysis were used for the obtained structure characterization...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Tristan da Câmara Santa Clara Gomes, Joaquín De La Torre Medina, Matthieu Lemaitre, Luc Piraux
Track-etched polymer membranes with crossed nanochannels have been revealed to be most suitable as templates to produce large surface area and mechanically stable 3D interconnected nanowire (NW) networks by electrodeposition. Geometrically controlled NW superstructures made of NiCo ferromagnetic alloys exhibit appealing magnetoresistive properties. The combination of exact alloy compositions with the spatial arrangement of NWs in the 3D network is decisive to obtain specific magnetic and magneto-transport behavior...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Bárbara A Milaneze, Jairo P Oliveira, Ingrid Augusto, Wanderson J Keijok, Andressa S Côrrea, Débora M Ferreira, Otalíbio C Nunes, Rita de Cássia R Gonçalves, Rodrigo R Kitagawa, Vinícius G Celante, André Romero da Silva, Ana Claudia H Pereira, Denise C Endringer, Ricardo P Schuenck, Marco C C Guimarães
The development of new routes and strategies for nanotechnology applications that only employ green synthesis has inspired investigators to devise natural systems. Among these systems, the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using plant extracts has been actively developed as an alternative, efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally safe method for producing nanoparticles, and this approach is also suitable for large-scale synthesis. This study reports reproducible and completely natural gold nanocrystals that were synthesized using Virola oleifera extract...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Chih-Ming Chen, Zheng-Kun Lin, Wei-Jie Huang, Sheng-Hsiung Yang
In this work, we demonstrate a novel carrier transporting combination made of tungsten trioxide (WO3) nanomaterials and Cs2CO3/PCBM buffer bilayer for the fabrication of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Two different types of WO3, including nanoparticles and nanorods, were prepared by sol-gel process and hydrothermal method, respectively. Cs2CO3/PCBM buffer bilayer was inserted between WO3 and perovskite layers to improve charge transfer efficiency and formation of pinhole-free perovskite layer. Besides, the leakage current of the devices containing Cs2CO3/PCBM buffer bilayer was significantly suppressed...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Qiqian Gao, Shihan Sun, Xuesong Li, Xueyu Zhang, Lianfeng Duan, Wei Lü
In present work, two-dimensional g-C3N4 was used to modify TiO2 nanorod array photoanodes for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs), and the improved cell performances were reported. Single crystal TiO2 nanorods are prepared by hydrothermal method on transparent conductive glass and spin-coated with g-C3N4. CdS quantum dots were deposited on the g-C3N4 modified TiO2 photoanodes via successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method. Compared with pure TiO2 nanorod array photoanodes, the g-C3N4 modified photoanodes showed an obvious improvement in cell performances, and a champion efficiency of 2...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Zhong-Mei Huang, Wei-Qi Huang, Tai-Ge Dong, Gang Wang, Xue-Ke Wu
It is very interesting that the enhanced peaks near 1150 and 1550 nm are observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra in the quantum system of Si-Ge nanolayer structure, which have the emission characteristics of a three-level system with quantum dots (QDs) pumping and emission of quasi-direct-gap band, in our experiment. In the preparing process of Si-Ge nanolayer structure by using a pulsed laser deposition method, it is discovered that the nanocrystals of Si and Ge grow in the (100) and (111) directions after annealing or electron beam irradiation...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Zezhong Liu, Furong Zhao, Shandian Gao, Junjun Shao, Huiyun Chang
Chemiluminescence technique as a novel detection method has gained much attention in recent years owning to the merits of high sensitivity, wider linear ranges, and low background signal. Similarly, nanotechnology especially for gold nanoparticles has emerged as detection tools due to their unique physical and chemical properties. Recently, it has become increasingly popular to couple gold nanoparticles with chemiluminescence technique in biological agents' detection. In this review, we describe the superiority of both chemiluminescence and gold nanoparticles and conclude the different applications of gold nanoparticle-initialed chemiluminescence in biomedical detection...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Bastien Bonef, Miguel Lopez-Haro, Lynda Amichi, Mark Beeler, Adeline Grenier, Eric Robin, Pierre-Henri Jouneau, Nicolas Mollard, Isabelle Mouton, Eva Monroy, Catherine Bougerol
The enhancement of the performance of advanced nitride-based optoelectronic devices requires the fine tuning of their composition, which has to be determined with a high accuracy and at the nanometer scale. For that purpose, we have evaluated and compared energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) and atom probe tomography (APT) in terms of composition analysis of AlGaN/GaN multilayers. Both techniques give comparable results with a composition accuracy better than 0...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Chi-Ho Cheung, Huei-Ru Fuh, Ming-Chien Hsu, Yeu-Chung Lin, Ching-Ray Chang
Recently, searching large-bulk band gap topological insulator (TI) is under intensive study. Through k·P theory and first-principles calculations analysis on antimonene, we find that α-phase antimonene can be tuned to a 2D TI under an in-plane anisotropic strain and the magnitude of direct bulk band gap (SOC gap) depends on the strength of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) which is strain-dependent. As the band inversion of this TI accompanies with an indirect band gap, the TI bulk band gap is the indirect band gap, not the SOC gap...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Gajendra Kumar Inwati, Yashvant Rao, Man Singh
Microwave irradiation was employed for spherical-shaped platinum nanoparticle (Pt NPs) preparation. Spherical Pt NPs indexed with (111) facets were prepared using Pt(II) precursor salt, glycerol as solvent and reducing agent, and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a shape directer under microwave irradiation for 3-5 min at 300 °C. Electron spin resonance (ESR) peak at 336.000 mT (milli Tesla) confirmed the free radical formation from aqueous glycerol solution which acted as reducing species under microwave. The 2-8-nm diameter of particles was obtained by high-resolution transmission electron microscope...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Qinghua Yi, Hao Wang, Shan Cong, Yingjie Cao, Yun Wang, Yinghui Sun, Yanhui Lou, Jie Zhao, Jiang Wu, Guifu Zou
Due to the good photocatalytic activity, the TiO2@CNTs thin film is highly desirable to apply to the self-cleaning glass for green intelligent building. Here, the TiO2@CNTs thin film has been successfully achieved by polymer-assisted approach of an aqueous chemical solution method. The polymer, polyethylenimine, aims to combine the Ti(4+) with CNTs for film formation of TiO2@CNTs. The resultant thin film was uniform, highly transparent, and super-hydrophilic. Owing to fast electron transport and effectively hindering electron-hole recombination, the TiO2@CNTs thin film has nearly twofold photocatalytic performance than pure TiO2...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Hongmei Liu, Hisashi Kondo, Takahisa Ohno
Utilizing first-principles theory, we demonstrate that half-metallicity can be realized in a junction composed of non-magnetic armchair graphene nanoribbon (AGNR) and ferromagnetic Ni electrodes. The half-metallic property originates from the AGNR energy gap of the up spin located at the Fermi energy, while large electronic states are generated for the down spin. By altering the interlayer distance and the contact area, namely, the strength of AGNR-Ni interaction, the efficiency of the spin filter becomes lower, since the energy gap moves away from the Fermi energy with the variation of charge transfer intensity...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jian Tang, Jean-Luc Maurice, Wanghua Chen, Soumyadeep Misra, Martin Foldyna, Erik V Johnson, Pere Roca I Cabarrocas
A comprehensive study of the silicon nanowire growth process has been carried out. Silicon nanowires were grown by plasma-assisted-vapor-solid method using tin as a catalyst. We have focused on the evolution of the silicon nanowire density, morphology, and crystallinity. For the first time, the initial growth stage, which determines the nanowire (NW) density and growth direction, has been observed step by step. We provide direct evidence of the merging of Sn catalyst droplets and the formation of Si nanowires during the first 10 s of growth...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Manish Kumar, Teena Jangid, Vandana Panchal, Praveen Kumar, Abhishek Pathak
Apart from the spherical shape, control over other shapes is a technical challenge in synthesis approaches of nanostructures. Here, we studied the effect of grazing angle cross-irradiation Ag thin films for the nanostructures evolution from a top-down approach. Ag thin films of different thicknesses were deposited on Si (100) and glass substrates by electron beam evaporation system and subsequently irradiated at grazing angle ions by 80 keV Ar(+) in two steps (to induce effectively a cross-ion irradiation)...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Liang-Xing Wang, Zhi-Quan Zhou, Tian-Ning Zhang, Xin Chen, Ming Lu
Fill factors (FFs) of ~0.87 have been obtained for crystalline Si (c-Si) solar cells based on Ag front contacts after rapid thermal annealing. The usual single PN junction model fails to explain the high FF result. A metal/oxide/semiconductor (MOS) junction at the emitter is found to be inversely connected to the PN one, and when its barrier height/e is close to the open-circuit voltage of the solar cell, very high FF is obtainable. In this work, although the open-circuit voltage (<580 mV) is not high here, the efficiency of c-Si solar cell still reaches the state-of-the-art value (>20 %) due to the high FF achieved...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
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