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World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917447/breaking-down-barriers-enabling-care-by-parent-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-china
#1
Xiao-Ying Li, Shoo Lee, Hua-Feng Yu, Xiang Y Ye, Ruth Warre, Xiang-Hong Liu, Jian-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Denying parents access to their infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a standard practice in most hospitals across China. Visitation is not usually permitted or may be strictly limited, and NICU care for most neonates is provided by health-care professionals with little participation of the parents. An exception to this rule is the level 2 "Room-In" ward in Qilu Children's Hospital, Shandong University, where parents have 24-hour access to their infants and participate in providing care...
December 5, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917446/adenotonsillectomy-outcomes-regarding-bone-age-and-osteocalcin-in-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-children
#2
Qing-Biao Zhang, Yin-Feng Li, Ming-Xiu Li, Ling-Yu Kong, Liang-Fu Jiang, Hui-Wei Feng, Xian-Liang Fan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of adenotonsillectomy (AT) on bone development, quality of life and polysomnography evaluation in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative (6 months) physical examination, PSG, bone age (BA) and osteocalcin (OC) evaluation were performed on the selected OSA children (n=92) and the healthy children (n=87). The OSA children were also scored based on the OSA 18-item questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878785/lesions-requiring-wound-management-in-a-central-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Angéla Meszes, Gyula Tálosi, Krisztina Máder, Hajnalka Orvos, Lajos Kemény, Zsanett Renáta Csoma
BACKGROUND: Most of the skin disorders that occur in neonatal intensive care units are due in part to the immaturity and vulnerability of the neonatal skin. Various iatrogenic diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are also conducive to iatrogenic damage. This study was to review the neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit who needed wound management, and to assess the most common skin injuries and wounds, and their aetiology. METHODS: Data were extracted from medical records of neonates who needed wound management in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between January 31, 2012 and January 31, 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878784/a-population-based-study-of-prevalence-of-down-syndrome-in-southern-thailand
#4
Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Ounjai Kor-Anantakul, Montira Chowvichian, Wannee Limpitikul, Pathikan Dissaneevate, Nitthakarn Intharasangkanawin, Atchara Sattapanyo, Sermsri Pathompanitrat
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal disorder that causes mental retardation. In 2009, a population-based birth defects study was implemented in three provinces in southern Thailand. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of DS in the studied regions, and the proportion of DS fetuses detected by prenatal screening. METHODS: Data were obtained from a population-based surveillance study undertaken during 2009-2013. Entries in the birth defects registry included live births, stillbirths after 24 weeks gestational age, and terminations of pregnancy following prenatal diagnosis...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878783/prediction-of-significant-hyperbilirubinemia-in-term-neonates-by-early-non-invasive-bilirubin-measurement
#5
Manish Jain, Akash Bang, Anju Tiwari, Shuchi Jain
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice is a common problem. We evaluated the utility and best cut-off values of 24-and 48-hour transcutaneous bilirubin indices (TcBI) in predicting subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia and evaluated various associated maternal and fetal risk factors. METHODS: TcBI at 24 and 48 hours and serum bilirubin levels at 72 hours of age were obtained for healthy, term, appropriate for gestational age neonates. Neonates with prematurity, birth weight <2500 g, ABO or Rh incompatibility, onset of clinical jaundice <24 hours, clinical suspicion of septicemia, positive pressure ventilation at birth, admission in neonatal intensive care unit and contraindications for BiliChek were excluded...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878782/trajectory-of-cause-of-death-among-brought-dead-neonates-in-tertiary-care-public-facilities-of-pakistan-a-multicenter-study
#6
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Munir Ahmed Sheikh, Ijaz-Ul-Haque Taseer, Syed Jamal Raza, Muhammad Sohail Arshad, Tasleem Akhter, Ghazala Mohyuddin Arain, Sultana Habibullah, Sohail Safdar, Rukhsana Firdous, Muhammad Adnan
BACKGROUND: Considering the fact that Pakistan is amongst the countries with very high neonatal mortality rates, we conducted a research study to determine the possible causes and characteristics of neonates presenting dead to the emergency department of tertiary public health care facilities of Pakistan using verbal autopsies. METHODS: A descriptive case series study was conducted in emergency department/pediatrics ward/neonatal ward/nursery unit of ten tertiary care public health facilities, situated in seven major cities of Pakistan from November, 2011 to June, 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878781/successful-elimination-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-esbl-producing-nosocomial-bacteria-at-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Borbála Szél, Zsolt Reiger, Edit Urbán, Andrea Lázár, Krisztina Mader, Ivelina Damjanova, Kamilla Nagy, Gyula Tálosi
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacteria are highly dangerous to neonates. At our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), the presence of these bacteria became so threatening in 2011 that immediate intervention was required. METHODS: This study was conducted during a nearly two-year period consisting of three phases: retrospective (9 months), educational (3 months) and prospective (9 months). Based on retrospective data analysis, a complex management plan was devised involving the introduction of the INSURE protocol, changes to the antibiotic regimen, microbiological screening at short intervals, progressive feeding, a safer bathing protocol, staff hand hygiene training and continuous monitoring of the number of newly infected and newly colonized patients...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878780/a-pilot-study-using-lactulose-in-management-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-children-with-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction
#8
Hanaa Mostafa El-Karaksy, Omneya Afifi, Azza Bakry, Ann Abdel Kader, Noha Saber
BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is not associated with overt neuropsychiatric symptoms but rather with subtle changes in psychometric and/or neurophysiologic tests. We aimed to diagnose MHE in children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and to evaluate the effect of lactulose on MHE. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out on 30 patients with EHPVO (21 males; mean age 10±2.5 years). The study was carried out in the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, between 2011 and 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878779/total-estimated-effective-doses-from-radiologic-imaging-modalities-of-children-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#9
Derya Özyörük, Suna Emir, Hacı Ahmet Demir, Gülşah Bayram Kabaçam, Bahattin Tunç
BACKGROUND: Recently, awareness of the cumulative radiation exposure for pediatric oncology patients has been increasing, together with increased survival rates and longer life expectancy. The aim of our study was to quantify the amount of ionising radiation from imaging modalities of pediatric oncology patients. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who were diagnosed with childhood cancer and followed up for 5 years between 2004-2014 in our center were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878778/elevated-serum-levels-of-ghrelin-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-patients-with-cyanotic-and-acyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Sai Zhang, Gong-Liang Guo, Li-Li Yang, Li-Qun Sun
BACKGROUND: The levels of ghrelin and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are considered biological markers of congenital heart diseases (CHD). The present meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the clinical significance of serum levels of ghrelin and TNF-α in children with (CHD). METHODS: Chinese and English scientific literature databases were searched to retrieve published studies relevant to ghrelin, TNF-α and CHD. Manual search was additionally employed to identify other relevant studies from cross-references...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878777/vitamin-k-supplementation-to-prevent-hemorrhagic-morbidity-and-mortality-of-newborns-in-india-and-china
#11
REVIEW
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Jing Luo, Theodore Herzl Tulchinsky
BACKGROUND: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) can cause prolonged and bleeding (intracranial hemorrhage) among newborns, which can be life-threatening or lead to long-term morbidity. The aim of this review article is to reiterate empirical evidence to support the argument that vitamin K should be mandatory for newborns in India and China, as well as in other countries with a high burden of neonatal deaths. DATA SOURCES: Studies were integrated from the PubMed/MEDLINE database search, as well as related literature available elsewhere...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830580/effect-of-prenatal-antioxidant-intake-on-infants-respiratory-infection-is-modified-by-a-cd14-polymorphism
#12
Seo Ah Hong, Eun Lee, Sung Ok Kwon, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Shin, Kang Mo Ahn, Eun-Jin Kim, Jeom-Gyu Lee, Se-Young Oh, Soo-Jong Hong
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal diet may influence disease susceptibility in offspring with specific genetic backgrounds. We hypothesized that interactions between prenatal antioxidant intake and polymorphisms in immunity genes infl uence respiratory tract infection (RTI) susceptibility in infants at 12 months of age. METHODS: This study included 550 infants. In the Cohort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases (COCOA) birth cohort study, prenatal maternal diet was assessed by administering a food frequency questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830579/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-achondroplasia
#13
REVIEW
Marco Zaffanello, Gaetano Cantalupo, Giorgio Piacentini, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti, Paolo Cavarzere, Diego Alberto Ramaroli, Aliza Mittal, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Children with achondroplasia often have breathing problems, especially during sleep. The most important treatments are adenotonsillectomy (for treating upper obstruction) and/or neurosurgery (for resolving cervicomedullar junction stenosis). DATA SOURCES: We reviewed the scientific literature on polysomnographic investigations which assessed the severity of respiratory disorders during sleep. RESULTS: Recent findings have highlighted the importance of clinical investigations in patients with achondroplasia, differentiating between those that look for neurological patterns and those that look for respiratory problems during sleep...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830578/adjuvant-steroid-treatment-following-kasai-portoenterostomy-and-clinical-outcomes-of-biliary-atresia-patients-an-updated-meta-analysis
#14
Min-Zhong Zhang, Peng-Cheng Xun, Ka He, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether adjuvant steroid treatment should be given to biliary atresia (BA) patients following a Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE). This study aimed to quantitatively and systematically evaluate the effect of adjuvant steroid therapy post-KPE in relation to major clinical outcomes of BA patients. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wanfang Database, Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator and manually searched for relevant papers published before August, 2015...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650526/analysis-of-the-characteristics-and-management-of-critical-values-in-a-newborn-tertiary-center-in-china
#15
Zheng-Li Wang, Li-Zhong Du, Yi-Yu Chen, Lu-Quan Li, Qi Lu, Ying Liu, Lu-Ying Cao, Yu He, Jia-Lin Yu
BACKGROUND: Critical value reporting has been widely adopted by hospitals throughout the world, but there were few reports about neonatal critical values. This study aimed to analyze characteristics of the neonatal critical values considered at our center and to provide information on improving neonatal intensive care. METHODS: A retrospective study of critical values at a newborn tertiary center in China was conducted to assess neonatal critical values according to test, distribution, reporting time, patient outcome and the impact to the therapy...
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650525/drug-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-children-20-years-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#16
Leelawadee Techasatian, Sunee Panombualert, Rattapon Uppala, Charoon Jetsrisuparb
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe lifethreatening skin conditions. The most common cause of these manifestations is medications. Beside discontinued of the culprit drug, systemic corticosteroids were used as a primary treatment option among pediatric population. This study aimed to explore causative drugs (drug group/ latent period), treaments, complications, and treatment outcome (morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay) of SJS and TEN in children...
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650524/bronchiolitis-in-young-infants-is-it-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-wheezing-in-childhood
#17
Firas Rinawi, Imad Kassis, Rina Tamir, Amir Kugelman, Isaac Srugo, Dan Miron
BACKGROUND: Acute bronchiolitis in infancy is considered a risk factor for recurrent wheezing episodes in childhood. The present study assessed prevalence, clinical manifestations and risk factors for recurrent wheezing events during the first 3 years of life and persistent wheezing events beyond this age in children hospitalized as young infants with acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: Two groups of children aged 6 years were included. The study group comprised 150 children with a history of hospitalization for bronchiolitis, with the first event at <6 months of age...
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650523/trichobezoar-and-rapunzel-syndrome
#18
Zhi-Nan Sun, Dong-Lai Hu, Zhong-Mei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807739/correspondence
#19
LETTER
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Celebi Kocaoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807738/lack-of-evidence-for-helicobacter-pylori-to-prevent-children-growth-efficiently
#20
LETTER
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi, Celebi Kocaoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
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