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World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721843/hyperthyroxinemia-at-birth-a-cause-of-idiopathic-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#1
Irena Ulanovsky, Tatiana Smolkin, Shlomo Almashanu, Tatiana Mashiach, Imad R Makhoul
BACKGROUND: Some neonates develop idiopathic hyperbilirubinemia (INHB) requiring phototherapy, yet with no identifiable causes. We searched for an association between abnormal thyroid levels after birth and INHB. METHODS: Of 5188 neonates, 1681 (32.4%) were excluded due to one or more risk factors for hyperbilirubinemia. Total thyroxine (TT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone values were sampled routinely at 40-48 hours of age and measured in the National Newborn Screening Program...
May 2, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713927/antibiotic-use-in-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#2
LETTER
Seung Beom Han, Soo-Young Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700769/clinical-characteristics-of-two-cohorts-of-infantile-spasms-response-to-pyridoxine-or-topiramate-monotherapy
#3
Jiao Xue, Ping Qian, Hui Li, Ye Wu, Hui Xiong, Yue-Hua Zhang, Zhi-Xian Yang
BACKGROUND: Infantile spasms (IS) was an epileptic disease with varied treatment widely among clinicians. Here, we aimed to compare and analyze the clinical characteristics of IS response to pyridoxine or topiramate monotherapy (TPM control IS). METHODS: The clinical manifestations, treatment processes and outcomes were analyzed in 11 pyridoxine responsive IS and 17 TPM-control IS. RESULTS: Of the 11 patients with pyridoxine responsive IS, nine were cryptogenic/idiopathic...
April 26, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#4
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644498/the-status-quo-and-challenges-of-genetic-diagnosis-in-children-with-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#5
EDITORIAL
Yan-Yan Jin, Bing-Yu Feng, Jian-Hua Mao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644497/bects-and-cae-a-possible-neurobiological-continuum
#6
LETTER
Alberto Verrotti, Chiara Mazzocchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626284/a-parent-centered-approach-to-autism-diagnosis-in-early-childhood
#7
EDITORIAL
Michael E Mintz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582357/does-time-taken-to-achieve-jaundice-clearance-influence-survival-of-the-native-liver-in-post-kasai-biliary-atresia
#8
Hideaki Nakajima, Hiroyuki Koga, Manabu Okawada, Hiroki Nakamura, Geoffrey James Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the time taken for post-portoenterostomy (PE) biliary atresia (BA) patients to obtain jaundice-clearance (total bilirubin ≤ 1.2 mg/dL; JC) post-PE to determine if JC time (JCT) is prognostic for survival of the native liver (SNL). METHODS: The subjects were 66 BA patients treated with PE at our institute between 1989, the year when liver transplantation (LTx) became available in Japan, and 2014. JCT was used to create three groups (≤ 30 days: n = 14; 31-60 days: n = 31; ≥ 61 days: n = 21)...
March 26, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569185/indications-and-results-of-renal-biopsy-in-children-a-36-year-experience
#9
Luisa Santangelo, Giuseppe Stefano Netti, Paolo Giordano, Vincenza Carbone, Marida Martino, Diletta Domenica Torres, Michele Rossini, Anna Maria Di Palma, Loreto Gesualdo, Mario Giordano
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate retrospectively the indications for renal biopsy (RB) in native kidneys and to analyze pathological findings in a single tertiary pediatric hospital in Southern Italy for the last 36 years. METHODS: All patients who underwent RB at our hospital from 1979 to 2014 were included. All renal tissue specimens were studied under light and immunofluorescent microscopy, while electron microscopy was performed only for specific clinical indications...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560586/children-with-abnormal-dmsa-nuclear-scan-present-a-higher-risk-of-recurrent-febrile-urinary-tract-infections
#10
EDITORIAL
Luke Harper, Yan Lefevre, Xavier Delforge, David Bourquard, Cyril Ferdynus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549607/elevated-serum-neopterin-levels-in-children-with-functional-constipation-association-with-systemic-proinflammatory-cytokines
#11
Ceren Cıralı, Emel Ulusoy, Tuncay Kume, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND: Functional constipation is a clinical problem with an incompletely understood etiology. Functional bowel diseases have been shown to be related to inflammation in many studies in adults. In this study, we aimed to evaluate leukocytes, C-reactive protein, proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and neopterin levels in children with functional constipation. METHODS: Seventy-six children with constipation and 71 healthy controls (mean age 7.12 ± 3...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546581/establishment-of-age-and-gender-specific-pediatric-reference-intervals-for-liver-function-tests-in-healthy-han-children
#12
Xin Li, Di Wang, Chun Yang, Qi Zhou, Suo-Lang Zhuoga, Li-Qiang Wang, Han-Xin Yao, Qin Zhang, Qing Ai, Chen-Xi Yang, Jian-Cheng Xu
BACKGROUND: The development and growth of children influence values of liver function tests. This study aims to establish age- and gender-specific pediatric reference intervals of liver function among Han children in Changchun, China. METHODS: A total of 1394 healthy Han children, aged 2-14 years, were recruited from communities and schools with informed parental consent in Changchun. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) were measured on Hitachi 7600-210 automatic biochemical analyzer...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546580/rasch-validation-of-the-chinese-parent-child-interaction-scale-cpcis
#13
Patrick Ip, Winnie Tso, Nirmala Rao, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Ko Ling Chan, King Wa Fu, Sophia Ling Li, Winnie Goh, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Chun Bong Chow
BACKGROUND: Proper parent-child interaction is crucial for child development, but an assessment tool in Chinese is currently lacking. This study aimed to develop and validate a parent-reported parent-child interaction scale for Chinese preschool children. METHODS: The Chinese parent-child interaction scale (CPCIS) was designed by an expert panel based on the literature and clinical observations in the Chinese context. The initial CPCIS had 14 parent-child interactive activity items...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536341/morbidity-and-mortality-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcal-sepsis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
Joseph B Cantey, Kelsey R Anderson, Ram R Kalagiri, Lea H Mallett
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and usually require vancomycin treatment. Our objective was to determine whether CoNS are associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) infants from 1989 to 2015. Exclusion criteria were major congenital anomaly or death within 72 h...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536340/association-of-sleep-quality-with-sociodemographic-factors-and-lifestyle-in-adolescents-from-southern-brazil
#15
Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
BACKGROUND: Good sleep quality is an essential component for growth, development, and physical and mental health of the individual, in addition to being a positive indicator of health and well-being. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of poor sleep quality and to identify the association of poor sleep quality with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, weight status, and associated aerobic fitness in adolescents. METHODS: This study included 1110 students aged 14-19 years from city of São José/SC, Brazil...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532436/serial-evaluation-of-myocardial-function-using-the-myocardial-performance-index-in-kawasaki-disease
#16
Eun Song Song, Somy Yoon, Joo Hyun Cho, Eun Mi Yang, Hwa Jin Cho, Young Youn Choi, Jae Sook Ma, Gwang Hyeon Eom, Young Kuk Cho
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is known as systemic vasculitis, and more than half of the patients with KD have myocarditis, which can induce ventricular dysfunction. In this study, we evaluate left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with KD based on the myocardial performance index (MPI) using pulse Doppler (PD) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), from the acute to convalescent phases. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 89 children diagnosed with KD from January 2010 to August 2012...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532435/calcineurin-inhibitors-and-nephrotoxicity-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Fei Liu, Jian-Hua Mao
BACKGROUND: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) are commonly given to transplant recipients of kidneys and other solid organs and to patients with immune disorders, such as steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome, and frequent relapse nephrotic syndrome. Although CNIs remain the most effective available immunosuppressant agent, there is clinical concern regarding possible long-term nephrotoxicity. This concern is especially significant in children who have a longer life expectancy and greater growth rate...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532434/a-rare-cause-of-chronic-ataxia-in-childhood-ganglioneuroma
#18
Elif Acar Arslan, Tülay Kamaşak, Betül Diler Turgut, İsmail Saygın, Haluk Sarıhan, Ali Cansu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524125/differential-impact-of-flow-and-mouth-leak-on-oropharyngeal-humidification-during-high-flow-nasal-cannula-a-neonatal-bench-study
#19
Tim Leon Ullrich, Christoph Czernik, Christoph Bührer, Gerd Schmalisch, Hendrik Stefan Fischer
BACKGROUND: Heated humidification is paramount during neonatal high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy. However, there is little knowledge about the influence of flow rate and mouth leak on oropharyngeal humidification and temperature. METHODS: The effect of the Optiflow HFNC on oropharyngeal gas conditioning was investigated at flow rates of 4, 6 and 8 L min-1 with and without mouth leak in a bench model simulating physiological oropharyngeal air conditions during spontaneous breathing...
March 9, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516393/gestational-weight-gain-among-minority-adolescents-predicts-term-birth-weight
#20
Maheswari Ekambaram, Matilde Irigoyen, Johelin DeFreitas, Sharina Rajbhandari, Jessica Lynn Geaney, Leonard Edward Braitman
BACKGROUND: In adolescents, there is limited evidence on the independent and additive effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on infant birth weight. Data also show that this effect may vary by race. We sought to examine the impact of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain on birth weight and risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in term newborns of minority adolescent mothers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 411 singleton live term infants born to mothers ≤ 18 years...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
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