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Nanomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440713/glycinated-fullerenes-for-tamoxifen-intracellular-delivery-with-improved-anticancer-activity-and-pharmacokinetics
#1
Charu Misra, Manish Kumar, Gajanand Sharma, Rajendra Kumar, Bhupinder Singh, Om Prakash Katare, Kaisar Raza
AIM: Glycine-tethered C60-fullerenes were conjugated with N-desmethyl tamoxifen and evaluated for drug delivery benefits. MATERIALS & METHODS: C60-fullerenes were functionalized with glycine, and N-desmethyl tamoxifen was conjugated, employing a linker and characterized for micromeritics, drug loading, drug release and evaluated for cancer cell toxicity, cellular uptake and pharmacokinetics. RESULTS: The nanoconjugate with a drug entrapment efficiency of 82...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440712/gelatin-albumin-hybrid-nanoparticles-as-matrix-metalloproteinases-degradable-delivery-systems-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#2
Vahid Heravi Shargh, Hubert Hondermarck, Mingtao Liang
AIM: To develop matrix metalloproteinase-responsive gelatin-albumin hybrid nanoparticles encapsulating a selective tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) inhibitor GNF-5837 (Gel-Alb-GNF HNPs) and to demonstrate their anticancer effects in breast cancer. METHODS: Gel-Alb-GNF HNPs were prepared using a pH-controlled complexation process from cationic gelatin, dextran sulfate and albumin-bound GNF-5837. The anticancer activities of Gel-Alb-GNF HNPs were tested in a panel of subtype-specific breast cancer cell lines...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440710/selenium-nanoparticles-potential-in-cancer-gene-and-drug-delivery
#3
Fiona Maiyo, Moganavelli Singh
In recent decades, colloidal selenium nanoparticles have emerged as exceptional selenium species with reported chemopreventative and therapeutic properties. This has sparked widespread interest in their use as a carrier of therapeutic agents with results displaying synergistic effects of selenium with its therapeutic cargo and improved anticancer activity. Functionalization remains a critical step in selenium nanoparticles' development for application in gene or drug delivery. In this review, we highlight recent developments in the synthesis and functionalization strategies of selenium nanoparticles used in cancer drug and gene delivery systems...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440707/recent-developments-in-nanocarrier-aided-mucosal-vaccination
#4
Olga Kammona, Vassilis Bourganis, Theodora Karamanidou, Costas Kiparissides
To date, most of the licensed vaccines for mucosal delivery are based on live-attenuated viruses which carry the risk of regaining their pathogenicity. Therefore, the development of efficient nonviral vectors allowing the induction of potent humoral and cell-mediated immunity is regarded as an imperative scientific challenge as well as a commercial breakthrough for the pharma industries. For a successful translation to the clinic, such nanocarriers should protect the antigens from mucosal enzymes, facilitate antigen uptake by microfold cells and allow the copresentation of robust, safe for human use, mucosal adjuvants to antigen-presenting cells...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440705/biodegradable-inorganic-nanoparticles-an-opportunity-for-improved-cancer-therapy
#5
Linlin Li, Hong Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440703/zeta-potential-changing-nanoparticles-conjugated-with-cell-penetrating-peptides-for-enhanced-transfection-efficiency
#6
Wongsakorn Suchaoin, Arshad Mahmood, Kesinee Netsomboon, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop zeta-potential-changing nanoparticles (NPs) combining cell-penetrating peptides for gene delivery. METHODS & MATERIALS: NPs were formed using phosphorylated carboxymethyl cellulose-glucosamine 6-phosphate (CMC-G6P) and polyethylene imine-polyarginine conjugates. Phosphate release was evaluated using intestinal alkaline phosphatase and cell lines. Transfection studies with plasmid DNA were then performed. RESULTS: The zeta potential of CMC-G6P/branched PEI NPs was -3 mV and switched to +4 mV after intestinal alkaline phosphatase cleavage...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440701/yeast-capsules-for-targeted-delivery-the-future-of-nanotherapy
#7
Xiankang Hu, Jianxiang Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440698/therapeutic-peg-ceramide-nanomicelles-synergize-with-salinomycin-to-target-both-liver-cancer-cells-and-cancer-stem-cells
#8
Meiping Wang, Fangyuan Xie, Xikai Wen, Han Chen, Hai Zhang, Junjie Liu, He Zhang, Hao Zou, Yuan Yu, Yan Chen, Zhiguo Sun, Xinxia Wang, Guoqing Zhang, Chuan Yin, Duxin Sun, Jie Gao, Beige Jiang, Yanqiang Zhong, Ying Lu
AIM: Salinomycin (SAL)-loaded PEG-ceramide nanomicelles (SCM) were prepared to target both liver cancer cells and cancer stem cells. MATERIALS & METHODS: The synergistic ratio of SAL/PEG-ceramide was evaluated to prepare SCM, and the antitumor activity of SCM was examined both in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: SAL/PEG-ceramide molar ratio of 1:4 was chosen as the synergistic ratio, and SCM showed superior cytotoxic effect and increased apoptosis-inducing activity in both liver cancer cells and cancer stem cells...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440689/self-assembled-hemoglobin-nanoparticles-for-improved-oral-photosensitizer-delivery-and-oral-photothermal-therapy-in-vivo
#9
Kaikai Wang, Gang Chen, Qi Hu, Yuqian Zhen, Huipeng Li, Jiao Chen, Bin Di, Yiqiao Hu, Minjie Sun, David Oupický
AIM: The aim of the present study was to use hemoglobin (Hb) nanoparticles (NPs) to improve oral bioavailability of a near-infrared dye IR780 for in vivo antitumor application in photothermal therapy. METHODS: One-step acid-denaturing method was used to encapsulate IR780 into self-assembled Hb NPs (IR780@Hb NPs). Pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and antitumor effect were studied in vivo. RESULTS: The Hb NPs showed high stability in enzymatic and acidic conditions similar to the gastric environment, and enhanced absorption of IR780 into the blood...
April 25, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351228/pegylated-liposomes-associate-with-wnt3a-protein-and-expand-putative-stem-cells-in-human-bone-marrow-populations
#10
Agnieszka A Janeczek, Edoardo Scarpa, Mathew H Horrocks, Rahul S Tare, Caroline A Rowland, Dominic Jenner, Tracey A Newman, Richard Oc Oreffo, Steven F Lee, Nicholas D Evans
AIM: To fabricate PEGylated liposomes which preserve the activity of hydrophobic Wnt3A protein, and to demonstrate their efficacy in promoting expansion of osteoprogenitors from human bone marrow. METHODS: PEGylated liposomes composed of several synthetic lipids were tested for their ability to preserve Wnt3A activity in reporter and differentiation assays. Single-molecule microspectroscopy was used to test for direct association of protein with liposomes. RESULTS: Labeled Wnt3A protein directly associated with all tested liposome preparations...
March 29, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343417/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339319/intrathecal-magnetic-drug-targeting-for-localized-delivery-of-therapeutics-in-the-cns
#12
Indu Venugopal, Nazia Habib, Andreas Linninger
AIM: The challenge in treating neurological diseases is not lack of drug potency, but ineffective targeting techniques. We propose a technique called intrathecal magnetic drug targeting (IT-MDT), in which intrathecally injected magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are targeted to specific sites using external magnets. MATERIALS & METHODS: MRI and histology confirmed localization of MNPs via IT-MDT at target sites along the spine of Sprague-Dawley rats. RESULTS: MRI results confirmed greater MNP localization when the duration of magnet application was extended...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339312/biomacromolecule-lipid-hybrid-nanoparticles-for-controlled-delivery-of-sorafenib-in-targeting-hepatocellular-carcinoma-therapy
#13
Jing Zhang, Tianqi Wang, Shengjun Mu, Livesey D Olerile, Xiaoyue Yu, Na Zhang
AIM: Hybrids composed of various materials are highly versatile for drug delivery in tumor therapy including hepatocellular carcinoma. Herein, a sorafenib (SF)-loaded biomacromolecule hyaluronic acid (HA)/lipid hybrid nanoparticles (HA/SF-cLNS) were developed for targeting drug delivery. MATERIALS & METHODS: In vitro assays determined HA/SF-cLNS release behavior, enzymatic degradation, uptake and cytotoxicity. H22-bearing liver cancer xenograft murine models were used to evaluate the biodistribution and therapeutic efficacy in vivo...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339310/investigations-of-octylglyceryl-dextran-graft-poly-lactic-acid-nanoparticles-for-peptide-delivery-to-the-brain
#14
Asme Boussahel, Daniel M Ibegbu, Rhita Lamtahri, Julie Maucotel, Julien Chuquet, Benjamin Lefranc, Jérôme Leprince, Marta Roldo, Jean-Claude Le Mével, Darek Gorecki, Eugen Barbu
AIM: Develop modified dextran nanoparticles showing potential to assist with drug permeation across the blood-brain barrier for the delivery of neuropeptides. METHODS: Nanoparticles loaded by emulsification with model macromolecular actives were characterized in terms of stability, cytotoxicity and drug-release behavior. Peptide-loaded nanoformulations were tested in an in vivo trout model and in food-deprived mice. RESULTS: Nanoformulations loaded with model peptides showed good stability and appeared nontoxic in low concentration against human brain endothelial cells...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338414/targeted-therapy-of-octreotide-modified-oleanolic-acid-liposomes-to-somatostatin-receptor-overexpressing-tumor-cells
#15
Qianqian Wang, Ruiyan Zhu, Meili Wang, Shanshan Xing, Lei Li, Yuchu He, Weiwei Cao, Dawei Gao
AIM: To prepare and validate the efficacy of a novel targeted drug delivery system - octreotide (Oct)-modified oleanolic acid (OA) liposomes. MATERIALS & METHODS: OA liposomes (OA-L) were prepared by an ethanol injection method. The Oct-modified OA liposomes (O-OA-L) were synthesized and their properties were evaluated. Cellular uptake and competition inhibition studies were performed. RESULTS: The OA vesicles presented satisfactory particles size (100-200 nm), stability and drug release characteristics; their ζ potential was -1...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338411/magnetic-nanoparticles-for-medical-applications
#16
Iwona Cicha, Stefan Lyer, Christina Janko, Ralf P Friedrich, Marina Pöttler, Christoph Alexiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338410/intracellular-delivery-of-proteins-by-nanocarriers
#17
Moumita Ray, Yi-Wei Lee, Federica Scaletti, Ruijin Yu, Vincent M Rotello
Intracellular delivery of proteins is potentially a game-changing approach for therapeutics. However, for most applications, the protein needs to access the cytosol to be effective. A wide variety of strategies have been developed for protein delivery, however access of delivered protein to the cytosol without acute cytotoxicity remains a critical issue. In this review we discuss recent trends in protein delivery using nanocarriers, focusing on the ability of these strategies to deliver protein into the cytosol...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338409/self-emulsifying-preconcentrates-of-daidzein-phospholipid-complex-design-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-appraisal
#18
Yosra Sr Elnaggar, Eman Mm Shehata, Sally Galal, Ossama Y Abdallah
AIM: Self-emulsifying phospholipid-complex preconcentrates (SEPPs) were fabricated to improve oral bioavailability of daidzein (DAI), an anticancer drug with challenging amphiphobic nature and extensive presystemic metabolism. METHODS: DAI-phosphatidylcholine complex was prepared to enhance DAI lipophilicity and loading in SEPPs. The physicochemical characteristics and the pharmacokinetic behavior in rats were studied. RESULTS: Surfactant-free SEPP (plain DAI:Phosal(®) 53MCT complex) was monodisperse upon aqueous dilution with nanorange globule size (485 ± 15 nm)...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338408/clofazimine-encapsulation-in-nanoporous-silica-particles-for-the-oral-treatment-of-antibiotic-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infections
#19
Sabrina Valetti, Xin Xia, Joana Costa-Gouveia, Priscille Brodin, Marie-Françoise Bernet-Camard, Margareta Andersson, Adam Feiler
AIM: First extensive reformulation of clofazimine (CLZ) in nanoporous silica particles (NSPs) for tackling antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis (TB) infections. MATERIALS & METHODS: Solid-state characterization of several CLZ-encapsulated NSP formulations was followed by in vitro drug solubility, Caco-2 intestinal cells drug permeability and TB antibacterial activity. RESULTS: NSPs stabilize the amorphous state of CLZ (shelf stability >6 months) and dramatically increase the drug solubility in simulated gastric fluid (up to 20-fold) with different dissolution kinetics depending on the NSPs used...
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338401/challenges-associated-and-approaches-for-successful-translation-of-nanomedicines-into-commercial-products
#20
Vivek Agrahari, Praveen Hiremath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Nanomedicine
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