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European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392531/salivary-microbial-profiles-in-5-year-old-children-with-oral-clefts-a-comparative-study
#1
A L Sundell, C Ullbro, G Dahlén, A Marcusson, S Twetman
AIM: To compare the salivary microbial profile in children with oral clefts to matched non-cleft controls in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: The cleft group consisted of 80 children aged 5 years and 144 age-matched non-cleft children were recruited as a control group. Stimulated whole saliva samples were collected and analysed with checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation using 12 pre-determined bacterial probes. Background data on caries, oral hygiene, dietary habits and fluoride exposure were collected from clinical examinations and questionnaires...
February 1, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380250/pre-maxillary-hypohyperdontia-a-report-of-two-cases
#2
L M Bowdin, S Wong, R P Anthonappa, N M King
BACKGROUND: Hypodontia and hyperdontia are considered to be at opposite ends of the dental development spectrum. Nevertheless, these anomalies may occur concomitantly (hypohyperdontia). CASE REPORT: This clinical report describes two case of hypohyperdontia occurring exclusively in the premaxillary region, and the difficulties associated with its diagnosis and management. Following 24 months of follow-up examinations, Case 1 developed a sequential supernumerary tooth in the tooth 35 region...
January 29, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372451/biodentine%C3%A2-material-characteristics-and-clinical-applications-a-3%C3%A2-year-literature-review-and-update
#3
REVIEW
S Rajasekharan, L C Martens, R G E C Cauwels, R P Anthonappa
INTRODUCTION: Biodentine™ has frequently been acknowledged in the literature as a promising material and serves as an important representative of tricalcium silicate based cements used in dentistry. AIM: To provide an update on the physical and biological properties of Biodentine™ and to compare these properties with those of other tricalcium silicate cements namely, different variants of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) such as ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus, Micro Mega MTA (MM-MTA), Retro MTA, Ortho MTA, MTA Plus, GCMTA, MTA HP and calcium enriched mixture (CEM), Endosequence and Bioaggregate™...
January 25, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368140/efficacy-of-a-single-session-protocol-for-endodontic-treatment-in-primary-teeth-in-vivo-study
#4
T C Triches, G S Zimmermann, S F T de Freitas, M Ximenes, R S Vieira, M M R Cordeiro
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of a single session protocol (SSP) in the reduction of septic content of primary teeth root canals and identify the persistence of bacterial species associated with unsuccessful treatment. METHODS: Primary teeth root canals (16) with pulp necrosis and peri-radicular lesions were treated. Samples were collected at baseline (T1), and after chemo-mechanical preparation, before filling (T2). Identification of the microorganisms was determined using checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation...
January 24, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335888/root-lengthening-with-apical-closure-in-two-maxillary-immature-permanent-central-incisors-after-placement-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-mta-as-an-apical-plug
#5
F Masmoudi, I Bourmeche, A Sebai, Z Baccouche, F Maatouk
BACKGROUND: Necrosis of permanent immature teeth is a common reason for consultation in paediatric dentistry. Apexification is a therapeutic procedure aiming to create an apical calcified barrier in open apex teeth. CASE REPORT: Two cases are presented in which apexification were completed on immature permanent traumatised incisors using a mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) plug. FOLLOW-UP: At 2 and 5 years showed apical closure and radicular elongation beyond the MTA plug...
January 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332208/localised-aggressive-periodontitis-in-a-3-year-old-boy
#6
E Mass, F Hershkovitz, U Zilberman
BACKGROUND: Localised aggressive periodontitis (LAgP), characterised by rapid attachment and bone loss, which may occur in children and adolescents, without clinical evidence of systemic disease. CASE REPORT: Three-year-old boy was referred with excessive mobility of 83 and exfoliation of 73. Clinical examination revealed acceptable oral hygiene. Blood tests were performed to evaluate PMNs activity and the parents were advised to apply 0.2% chlorhexidine twice a day...
January 13, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330841/delayed-replantation-of-an-avulsed-immature-permanent-incisor-and-apexification-using-a-novel-fast-setting-calcium-silicate-cement-containing-fluoride-a-3-year-follow-up-case-report
#7
A Vafaei, B Ranjkesh, L Erfanparast, H Løvschall
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tooth avulsion requires an urgent intervention to replant the tooth. Prolonged post-injury dry extra-oral conditions worsen the prognosis and increase the risk of root resorption. Fluoride has the potential to delay replacement resorption. Calcium silicate cements (CSC) are used to seal the root canal system and to stimulate periapical regeneration in immature open apex teeth (apexification). This report suggests the application of a novel fast-setting CSC with fluoride for apexification in an attempt to hinder root resorption...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330840/clinical-assessment-of-class-ii-resin-based-composites-versus-preformed-metal-crowns-performed-on-primary-molars-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-caries
#8
A Alyahya, A Khanum, M Qudeimat
AIM: To compare class II resin composite with preformed metal crowns (PMC) in the treatment of proximal dentinal caries in high caries-risk patients. METHODS: The charts (270) of paediatric patients with proximal caries of their primary molars were reviewed. Success or failure of a procedure was assessed using the dental notes. Survival analysis was used to calculate the mean survival time (MST) for both procedures. The influence of variables on the mean survival time was investigated...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327216/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-a-group-of-adolescents-in-stockholm-county
#9
M Skalsky Jarkander, M Grindefjord, K Carlstedt
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion (DE) among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional cohort study was conducted at three clinics of the Public Dental Service in Stockholm County. Fifteen and 17 year old adolescents (1335) who scheduled their regular dental health examination were asked to participate. After drop-outs a sample of 1071 individuals, 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327215/treatment-outcomes-of-using-inhalation-sedation-for-comprehensive-dental-care
#10
M Madouh, A BaniHani, J F Tahmassebi
AIM: To assess the outcomes of dental treatment under inhalation sedation within a UK specialist hospital setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the case notes of patients under 17 years of age who received dental treatment using inhalation sedation at a UK specialist setting during the period 2006-2011. Treatment outcomes were categorised into five groups: (1) treatment completed as planned, (2) modified treatment completed, (3) treatment abandoned in sedation unit and patient referred for treatment under general analgesia (GA), (4) treatment abandoned in sedation unit and patient referred for treatment under local analgesia (LA), (5) child failed to return to complete treatment...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185172/correction-to-effects-of-nicomethanol-hydrofluoride-on-dental-enamel-and-synthetic-apatites-a-role-for-anti-caries-protection
#11
N Sharkov
The author of the article "Effects of nicomethanol hydrofluoride on dental enamel and synthetic apatites: a role for anti-caries protection", N. Sharkov, requested open access publication but owing to an error by the publisher the article was published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 4 November 2017 without open access.
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147888/a-study-of-parental-presence-absence-technique-for-child-dental-behaviour-management
#12
V Boka, K Arapostathis, G Charitoudis, J Veerkamp, C van Loveren, N Kotsanos
AIM: To examine the effectiveness of parental presence/absence (PPA) technique on the dental behaviour management of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised control study recruited 61 child dental patients with uncooperative behaviour (Frankl 1 or 2) managed with AAPD-endorsed non-pharmacological techniques at a post-graduate university clinic. PPA was only used in the test group (31 children). Using a mini video-tape device, recording commenced at the onset of uncooperative behaviour and this was later rated, minute by minute, by a blinded experienced paediatric dentist...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139037/prevalence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#13
S Bakhtiari, J B Taheri, P Toossi, S Azimi, Sh Kawosi Nezhad
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of oral lichen planus in patients younger than 18 years, referred to a dermatology centre in Iran during 2002-2014. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory, immune-mediated disease that could affect the oral mucosa and is a pre-cancerous condition. The disease usually develops in middle age with female predominance and is rare in children. METHODS: In this retrospective study, cases with definitive histopathologic diagnosis of lichen planus, over a 12-year period from 2002 to 2014 from a dermatologic hospital archive were evaluated...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134468/in-memoriam-billy-fenlon
#14
EDITORIAL
P Fleming, D Daly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103199/effects-of-nicomethanol-hydrofluoride-on-dental-enamel-and-synthetic-apatites-a-role-for-anti-caries-protection
#15
N Sharkov
AIM: To analyse the anti-caries properties of nicomethanol hydrofluoride (NH) and the benefit of its combination with siliglycol, a coating agent. METHODS: Fluoride (F) uptake by dental enamel and synthetic apatite treated with NH was measured in vitro and compared to treatment with mineral fluorides. The addition of siliglycol was also tested. The effect of NH (as a mouthwash) on salivary pH was also investigated in healthy human subjects and compared to the effect of a placebo and of nicomethanol alone...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090450/effects-of-environmental-tobacco-smoke-on-the-oral-health-of-preschool-children
#16
N N B Hasmun, B K Drummond, T Milne, M P Cullinan, A M Meldrum, D Coates
AIMS: This study investigated the association between the prevalence of oral health problems (caries, gingivitis, mucosal pigmentation and enamel defects in one to 5 year-old children exposed and not exposed to environmental tobacco smoke before and/or after birth. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in childhood may have significant health effects. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on a child's current and previous illnesses, oral health behaviours, dietary habits, parental smoking behaviours and parents' dental history...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086346/partial-caries-removal-increases-the-survival-of-permanent-tooth-a-14-year-case-report
#17
J C P Imparato, K M S Moreira, I C Olegário, S R E P da Silva, D P Raggio
BACKGROUND: Since cases of deep caries lesions may result in dental extraction due to any absence of endodontic services, and considering the advantages of conservative treatment, partial caries removal can be a viable alternative to the treatment of these lesions. CASE REPORT: During the clinical examination, generalised caries lesions were observed in a 6-year-old boy. In the maxillary right first permanent molar (tooth 16), without sensitivity to percussion and/or spontaneous pain, partial caries removal of deep caries was performed being careful to avoid pulpal exposure, followed by capping with calcium hydroxide cement and restoration using glass ionomer cement...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075962/the-prevalence-of-sleep-bruxism-and-associated-factors-in-children-a-report-by-parents
#18
M A Clementino, M B Siqueira, J M Serra-Negra, S M Paiva, A F Granville-Garcia
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of sleep bruxism and associated factors among children aged 3-12 years as reported by parents via a questionnaire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 148 parents/caregivers of children aged 3-12 years treated at paediatric dentistry clinics. Parents/caregivers answered a questionnaire in the waiting room. Information on the gender and age of the child, age of parent/caregiver, meaning of bruxism and child's sleep (type of sleep, if he/she slept alone, hours of sleep per night and if nocturnal bruxism could affect his/her health) were collected...
December 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086891/use-and-perception-of-nitrous-oxide-sedation-by-french-dentists-in-private-practice-a-national-survey
#19
C Vilanova-Saingery, I Bailleul-Forestier, F Vaysse, J-N Vergnes, M Marty
AIM: The aim of this national survey was to record the use of nitrous oxide and the perceptions of French dental practitioners to this form of sedation. The use of nitrous oxide sedation (NOS) has been authorised in private dental practice in France since December 2009 but, to date, no study implementing both quantitative and qualitative methods has explored such use. METHODS: The data were collected using a Google Forms questionnaire. A mixed methodology was used for data analysis: a quantitative approach to explore the use of conscious sedation and a qualitative thematic approach (using Nvivo software) to determine the practitioner's perception of it...
October 31, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081019/tooth-mineral-density-of-different-types-of-hypomineralised-molars-a-micro-ct-analysis
#20
C Neboda, R P Anthonappa, N M King
AIM: This study sought to evaluate the tooth mineral density (TMD) for the different lesion types in hypomineralised first permanent molars (FPMs) and compare them to unaffected enamel in clinically sound FPMs. DESIGN: Eighteen FPMs with varying degrees of hypomineralised enamel were grouped into brown, yellow/creamy and white lesion types. Micro-CT was used to determine the TMD for each lesion type, and for unaffected enamel at different locations in the outer, middle, and inner-third of the enamel...
October 28, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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