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Acute Cardiac Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452003/acute-pneumopericardium-when-echocardiography-is-not-enough
#1
Manuel Oliveira-Santos, Elisabete Jorge, Rui Baptista Luís Leite, Rui Martins, João Calisto, Vítor Matos, Mariano Pego
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210596/mayo-registry-for-telemetry-efficacy-in-arrest-study-an-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-of-the-do-not-intubate-code-status
#2
David Snipelisky, Adrian Dumitrascu, Jordan Ray, Archana Roy, Gautam Matcha, Dana Harris, Tyler Vadeboncoeur, Fred Kusumoto, M Caroline Burton
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines recommend discussing code status with patients on hospital admission. No study has evaluated the feasibility of a full code with do not intubate (DNI) status. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who experienced a cardiopulmonary arrest was performed between May 1, 2008 and June 20, 2014. A descriptive analysis was created based on whether patients required mechanical ventilatory support during the hospitalization and comparisons were made between both patient subsets...
December 6, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185829/a-multi-hospital-analysis-of-predictors-of-oral-anticoagulation-prescriptions-for-patients-with-actionable-atrial-fibrillation-who-attend-the-emergency-department
#3
Joel A Scott-Herridge, Colette M Seifer, Ron Steigerwald, Glen Drobot, William F McIntyre
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and is associated with an increase in the risk of ischemic stroke. The risk of stroke can be significantly decreased by oral anticoagulation (OAC). Our objective was to characterize the filling of OAC prescriptions for patients with actionable AF (new or existing AF with an indication for OAC but not prescribed) and determine the prevalence and predictors of guideline-appropriate therapy at 30 days. This is a multi-hospital, retrospective cohort study of patients who visited the Emergency Department (ED) and had a discharge diagnosis of AF...
November 29, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172755/demographic-and-clinical-features-of-atrial-myxomas-a-case-series-analysis
#4
Rafael Garcia-Carretero, Blanca Beamonte Vela, Gabriel Martínez-Quesada, Blanca San Jose Montano
AIM: Cardiac myxomas are uncommon tumors and have a wide clinical spectrum. Their diagnosis can therefore be elusive because symptoms are nonspecific and misleading. Our aim was to characterize and analyze the clinical findings in patients presenting with cardiac myxomas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, hospital-based case study using the electronic records of a Spanish general hospital, caring for a population of 155,000. Patients' data were collected for the period between 2000 and 2016...
September 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166205/pregnant-women-with-heart-disease-placental-characteristics-and-their-association-with-fetal-adverse-events
#5
Fabio V Lima, Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Puja B Parikh, Cecilia Avila, Javed Butler, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with heart disease (HD) have higher rates of adverse fetal outcomes. We describe placental pathologic characteristics and their association with fetal events. METHODS: In pregnant women, known HD were categorized into: (1) cardiomyopathy (CM) or (2) other HD (congenital, coronary, arrhythmia, or valvular). Outcomes were maternal major adverse cardiac events (MACE), fetal adverse clinical events (FACE), a composite of infant death, prematurity, underweight status, intracranial hemorrhage, and respiratory distress...
September 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116819/double-guide-double-wrist-5f-left-coronary-artery-transradial-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-the-x-kiss-technique
#6
Dangoisse Vincent, Schroëder Erwin, Claude Hanet, Antoine Guédès, Pancholy Samir
Percutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcated anatomy, particularly at the proximal left coronary artery site, requires guide catheters (GC) of at least 6 french and preferably larger in diameter. We describe a new trans-radial approach more suitable for small artery size: the simultaneous use of both radial arteries for double cannulation of the LMCA with 5F GC: each GC will target either the LM/LAD or the LM/CX artery (or LM-LAD/LM-LAD-1st diagonal branch) stenoses. The technique successfully was applied to 5 cases...
September 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068759/severe-burns-in-a-patient-after-out-of-hospital-cpr
#7
LETTER
Nir Biterman, Arthur Kerner, Doron Aronson, Yaron BarLavie, Yehuda Ullmann, Michael Kapeliovich
We present a case of a patient after prolonged cardio-pulmonary resuscitation on hot asphalt, who suffered from first and second degree burns which worsened during hospitalization. The patient was treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Possible effect of therapeutic hypothermia on the course of burns is discussed.
September 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328299/early-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-as-a-predictor-of-survival-after-cardiac-arrest
#8
Barry Burstein, Dev Jayaraman, Regina Husa
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and early defibrillation have been shown to improve outcomes of cardiac arrest. The significance of the post-arrest echocardiogram, specifically the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who suffered from cardiac arrest between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2013. We included all patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) or coronary care unit (CCU) of a tertiary care academic center...
June 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328285/intrapulmonary-artery-balloon-pulsation-improves-circulatory-function-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-pigs
#9
Rahma Ouardani, Nikos Magkoutis, Philippe Bonnin, Chantal Kang, Antoni W Kedra, Georgios Sideris, Michel Bonneau, Sebastian Voicu
AIM: To examine whether pulmonary artery balloon pulsation (PABP) could improve circulatory function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in pigs. METHODS/RESULTS: Ten downsize pigs were sedated and ventilated. AMI was induced by inserting a plug into the left anterior descending artery. A pulsation balloon was placed in the pulmonary artery in all animals. In the treatment group (TG), pulsations began when life-threatening arrhythmia or > 30% drop in mean blood pressure (MBP) or > 40% decrease in cardiac output compared to baseline occurred...
June 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318322/cannon-a-waves-due-to-pacemaker-syndrome
#10
Jackson J Liang, John W Hirshfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869561/successful-drug-coated-balloon-angioplasty-and-single-anti-platelet-therapy-to-treat-an-ischaemic-stroke-patient-with-haemorrhage-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#11
Hee Hwa Ho, Kwang How Mok
A 55-year-old male presented with two challenging problems, i.e. acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and a major bleeding episode. He first presented with ischaemic stroke and was treated with thrombolysis. However this was complicated by haemorrhagic transformation. He subsequently developed ACS with urgent coronary angiography demonstrating a critical stenosis in the proximal left anterior descending artery. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was deemed necessary but we were mindful of causing bleeding complications from the use of anti-thrombotic therapy...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869560/syncope-seizure-or-both
#12
Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Abhijeet Singh, Mason Leeman-Markowski, Eric J Rashba
Ictal asystole (IA) is a rare phenomenon in patients with seizures with an incidence of 0.27-0.4% and has been proposed as a possible mechanism of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy patients (SUDEP). We present a case of a 53-year-old woman who initially presented with episodes of expressive aphasia and was treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). While on therapy she experienced episodes of syncope. During her hospitalization for tapering of AEDs and 24-hour EEG monitoring, the patient developed a seizure followed by sinus bradycardia and an 18-second sinus pause, resulting in loss of consciousness and slowing of cerebral activity...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786543/assessment-of-safety-of-performing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-after-a-recent-episode-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Saima Karim, Sweetheart T Ador-Dionisio, Munira Karim, Mohammad Karim, Sadaf S Khan, Ashish Atreja, Stephen Ellis
BACKGROUND: Little literature exists on the risk of performing coronary intervention (PCI) on patients who have had recent gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), although bleeding after PCI has been identified as a risk factor for long-term mortality. METHODS: Patients within the Cleveland Clinic PCI database who had acute GIB within 30 days preceding PCI during the same hospitalization (n = 79) were retrospectively compared to those who had PCI without recent GIB (n = 10 979) for mortality and need for revascularization...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759433/emergency-physician-accuracy-in-interpreting-electrocardiograms-with-potential-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-is-it-enough
#14
Giacomo Veronese, Federico Germini, Stella Ingrassia, Ombretta Cutuli, Valeria Donati, Luca Bonacchini, Maura Marcucci, Andrea Fabbri
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation is widely performed by emergency physicians. We aimed to determine the accuracy of interpretation of potential ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) ECGs by emergency physicians. METHODS: Thirty-six ECGs resulted in putative STEMI diagnoses were selected. Participants were asked to focus on whether or not the ECG in question met the diagnostic criteria for an acutely blocked coronary artery causing a STEMI...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754742/coronary-artery-spasm-is-st-elevation-key-for-diagnosis
#15
LETTER
Pedro A Villablanca, David F Briceno, Anand D Jagannath, Martin Cohen, Robert Pyo
Coronary vasospasm is uncommon during pregnancy and the postpartum period. We present a very rare case of an acute coronary vasospasm in a 36-year-old woman who was two weeks postpartum. The coronary arteriograms showed a coronary vasospasm in the distal left anterior descending and circumflex coronary arteries. Electrocardiogram (ECG) presentation was atypical, with T-wave inversions in leads I, aVL, and V2 to V6. To our knowledge, this is the first case with a well-documented coronary artery vasospasm in a postpartum woman without the classic ST elevation on ECG...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754710/extrinsic-compression-of-left-main-coronary-artery-due-to-dilated-pulmonary-trunk-resulting-in-ischaemic-symptoms
#16
Rohit Bhoil, Shikha Sood, Sabina Bhoil, Anshul Chamail, R G Sood
Left coronary artery compression syndrome is an uncommon entity and characterized by compression of the LMCA in-between the aorta and an enlarged main pulmonary arterial trunk. It is usually associated with a congenital cardiac defect. Cardiac 64-slice MDCT provides a non-invasive and an accurate method for assessing the degree of dynamic LMCA compression throughout the cardiac cycle, its angulation relative to the left sinus of Valsalva and depiction of pulmonary pathology, making it a valuable tool in the workup of patients suspected of left coronary artery compression...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754701/left-ventricular-non-compaction-cardiomyopathy-incidental-diagnosis-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#17
Jackson J Liang, Eric R Fenstad, Christopher D Janish, Lawrence J Sinak
Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy, which usually presents early in life but may also manifest into adulthood. We present the case of an elderly woman with left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy, which was discovered incidentally following an ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736197/spinal-cord-infarction-post-cardiac-arrest-in-stemi-a-potential-complication-of-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-use
#18
Matthew Harris, Grigoris V Karamasis, Shayna Chotai, Kare H Tang, Gerald J Clesham, Paul A Kelly
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is commonly used as a cardiac assist device in various clinical situations: cardiogenic shock, mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction, high risk percutaneous coronary interventions, coronary artery bypass graft surgery and refractory unstable angina and ventricular arrhythmias as bridge to therapy. Although current data support its safety, there is limited or no support for its efficacy. We present the case of spinal cord infarction after IABP use in a patient who presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest and we discuss the potential mechanism of such a devastating complication...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736160/red-thrombus-like-appearance-of-protruding-calcification-into-the-lumen-of-the-coronary-artery-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#19
Mitsuyasu Terashima, Hideaki Kaneda, Tetsuo Matsubara, Takahiko Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682809/intrathecal-baclofen-withdrawal-a-rare-cause-of-reversible-cardiomyopathy
#20
Stephen O Awuor, Paul M Kitei, Yassir Nawaz, Amy M Ahnert
Baclofen is commonly used to treat spasticity of central etiology. Unfortunately, a potentially lethal withdrawal syndrome can complicate its use. This is especially true when the drug is administered intrathecally. There are very few cases of baclofen withdrawal leading to reversible cardiomyopathy described in the literature. The authors present a patient with a history of chronic intrathecal baclofen use who, in the setting of acute baclofen withdrawal, develops laboratory, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram abnormalities consistent with cardiomyopathy...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
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