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Advances in Medical Sciences

Agnieszka Kalinska-Bienias, Beata Jakubowska, Cezary Kowalewski, Dedee F Murrell, Katarzyna Wozniak
PURPOSE: Autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) are rare, severe diseases resulting from some antibodies activity against the different adhesion structures within the skin and/or mucosa. Few studies investigated quality of life (QOL) in AIBD by generic and dermatology-specific instruments, all reporting strong impact on QOL. Recently, disease-specific measurement tools have been developed: Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (ABQOL) and Treatment of Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (TABQOL) questionnaires...
February 13, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Arleta Kulwas, Beata Lisewska, Wiesław Jundziłł, Barbara Ruszkowska, Wanda Drewniak, Zofia Ruprecht, Grażyna Gadomska, Danuta Rość
PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) concentration using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method (ELISA) in diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) as compared to a group of healthy people and patients with diabetes mellitus without symptomatic vascular complications (DM2T). MATERIAL/METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected from 90 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (30 - DM2T; 60 - DFS)...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Ewa Matuszczak, Marzena Tylicka, Wojciech Dębek, Anna Sankiewicz, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Adam Hermanowicz
PURPOSE: The study aims to determinate concentrations of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1), which hydrolyzes amino acids from ubiquitin and cleave di-ubiquitins, in serum of children after thermal injury. PATIENTS/METHODS: 42 children scalded by hot water, managed at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, with burns in 4-20% TBSA were included into the study (age 9 months up to 14 years, mean age 2.5±1 years). Blood plasma UCHL1 concentration was assessed in 2-6h, 12-16h, 3d, 5d, and 7d after injury using surface plasmon resonance imaging biosensor...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Ivan R Ilić, Aleksandar Petrović, Vesna V Živković, Pavle J Randjelović, Nikola M Stojanović, Niko S Radulović, Dušica Randjelović, Ratko S Ilić
PURPOSE: Patient age, tumor size, axillary lymph node status, expression of estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors, as well as the histological grade, are widely accepted prognostic and predictive parameters in breast carcinoma. In invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), the prognostic factors, such as nodal status and tumor size are believed to be the most valuable ones. The aim of this was set to determine the possible linkage between MFity/MCity of ILC and immunohistochemical predictive (ER, PR, HER2) and prognostic parameters (BRCA1, p53, E-cadherin, Ki-67)...
February 9, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Beata Znorko, Ewa Oksztulska-Kolanek, Małgorzata Michałowska, Tomasz Kamiński, Krystyna Pawlak
Vascular calcification (VC) is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is strongly associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Accumulating evidence over the past decade has challenged the hypothesis of close interaction between bone and VC what raises the possibility of a common underlying pathophysiological mechanism. Lately, bone regulatory proteins such as: osteoprotegerin (OPG) and Receptor Activator for Nuclear Factor κB Ligand (RANKL) has attracted attention of researchers as a possible key mediators of bone-vascular calcification imbalance...
February 8, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Jolanta Małyszko, Klaudia Kozłowska, Jacek Stanisław Małyszko
Amyloidosis is the general term describing the extracellular tissue deposition of fibrils composed of low molecular weight subunits of a variety of proteins. There are multiple different human protein precursors of amyloid fibrils. Amyloid deposits are stained using Congo Red and show typical apple-green birefringence in polarized microscopy. Nowadays, a novel technique LMD/MS technique or laser microdissection combined with mass spectrometry help to diagnose amyloidosis. Amyloidosis of the kidney is typically classified as being either one of two types: AL or AA...
January 30, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Joanna Oświęcimska, Agnieszka Szymlak, Wojciech Roczniak, Katarzyna Girczys-Połedniok, Jarosław Kwiecień
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), characterized by abdominal pain and a change in stool form that cannot be explained by structural abnormalities. Its prevalence ranges from 9 to 23% of the worldwide population. The pathophysiology of IBS is diverse and not well understood. Biopsychosocial concept assumes that the disease is a product of psychosocial factors and altered at multiple levels of gut physiology interactions. Some aetiological factors have been identified, yet...
January 27, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Zbigniew Kmieć, Marta Cyman, Tomasz Jerzy Ślebioda
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract that includes two major phenotypes, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis that are characterized by different clinical features and different course of the immune response. The exact aetiology of IBD still remains unknown, although it is thought that the diseases result from an excessive immune response directed against microbial or environmentally derived antigens which can be triggered by the disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier integrity...
January 23, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
Katarzyna E Gil, Agnieszka Pawlak, Robert J Gil, Małgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Jacek Bil
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy is one of the most frequent causes of non-ischemic heart failure. Many factors including genetic disorders, infectious agents, toxins, drugs and autoimmune disorders might take part in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy. Diagnosis of left ventricular dilatation is most often limited to performing echocardiography and excluding ischemic etiology (coronary angiography). Since many pathologies take place at the cellular and subcellular level the only way to clarify the etiology of the disease is to examine the myocardium itself (endomyocardial biopsy)...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Katarzyna Siemionow, Joanna Teul, Paweł Drągowski, Jerzy Pałka, Wojciech Miltyk
Acetaminophen (APAP) is one of the most common antipyretic and analgesic drugs. Despite various precautions patients use APAP in amounts exceeding acceptable daily doses. APAP overdosing contributes to APAP intoxication, which leads to acute liver injury or necessity of exigent liver transplantation. Biomarkers that can be helpful in early diagnosis of liver injury during APAP overdosing are studied worldwide. This review presents recent reports on new potential biomarkers and their prospective application in clinical practice...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Lucyna Maciejka-Kemblowska, Radoslaw Chaber, Grazyna Wrobel, Jadwiga Maldyk, Marta Kozlowska, Dominika Kulej, Bernarda Kazanowska, Halina Bubala, Bozena Dembowska-Baginska, Grazyna Karolczyk, Andrzej Koltan, Elzbieta Wyrobek
PURPOSE: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) are lymphoproliferative disorders derived from post-thymic cells, that occur extremely rarely in children. The optimal treatment of pediatric PTCL remains still unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten children with PTCL from 3 up to 18 years of age registered by the Polish Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group (PPLLSG) were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with different regimens including protocols: for lymphoblastic lymphoma in 7 cases, for anaplastic large cell lymphoma in 1, CHOP in 1...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Łukasz Witek, Tomasz Janikowski, Piotr Bodzek, Anita Olejek, Urszula Mazurek
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries. The role of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma (EEC) has an important impact on patient survival prognosis. Thus, it is important to identify TSG transcripts that differentiate endometrial adenocarcinoma into various pathomorphological grades. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression profile of tumor suppressor genes related to the cell cycle in patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma across histological differentiation and to identify transcripts which differentiate endometrium into various pathomorphological grades...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Marta Diana Komarowska, Robert Milewski, Radosław Charkiewicz, Ewa Matuszczak, Anetta Sulewska, Beata Zelazowska-Rutkowska, Justyna Hermanowicz, Jacek Niklinski, Wojciech Debek, Adam Hermanowicz
PURPOSE: Numerous genetic and endocrine factors are involved in the process of testicular descent, but only a few genetic causes have been reported in human. The aim of this study was to investigate the density and distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and AMHRII receptors in cryptorchid patients and determine potential hormone imbalance connected with undescended testes by assessing the levels of AMH, Insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3) and inhibin B...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Tadeusz Osadnik, Joanna Katarzyna Strzelczyk, Martyna Fronczek, Kamil Bujak, Rafał Reguła, Małgorzata Gonera, Marcin Gawlita, Anna Kurek, Jarosław Wasilewski, Andrzej Lekston, Marek Gierlotka, Michał Hawranek, Zofia Ostrowska, Andrzej Wiczkowski, Lech Poloński, Mariusz Gąsior
PURPOSE: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may influence in-stent restenosis (ISR) via angiotensin II, which stimulates the production of growth factors for smooth muscle cells. The aim of this work is to assess the influence of the rs1799752 polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and the rs699 polymorphism of the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene on the ISR in Polish patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) who underwent stent implantation. MATERIAL/METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-five patients with SCAD were included in the study...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Marcin Migaczewski, Jerzy Hankus, Marcin Dembiński, Michał Pędziwiatr, Krzysztof Okoń, Magdalena Pisarska, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the number of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) at various stages of malignant transformation of large intestinal polyps. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study included tissue specimens from individuals subjected to complete colonoscopy with polypectomy and from patients who underwent surgical resection of colorectal tumors. This group included 27 individuals, among them 10 women (37%). Median age of the patients was 64 years (range 37-82 years)...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Anna Socha-Banasiak, Barbara Kamer, Agnieszka Gach, Urszula Wysocka, Lucjusz Jakubowski, Ewa Głowacka, Elżbieta Czkwianianc
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate early-life folate serum concentrations in children with food, inhalant or mixed type allergy. The influence of folate levels on the FoxP3 expression in Treg (regulatory T) cells in the studied children, taking into account the MTHFR (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase) genotypes was also analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed in 83 allergic children (study group) and 49 healthy children (control group), aged 2-72 months...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Grzegorz Woźniak, Robert Herok, Roman Jaksik, Maciej Misiołek, Bogdan Kolebacz, Anna Fiszer-Kierzkowska, Katarzyna Miśkiewicz-Orczyk, Cezary Szymczyk, Adam Maciejewski, Grzegorz Głowacki, Rafał Suwiński
PURPOSE: The analysis of gene expression, especially those involved in cell cycle control, can help to discover mechanisms determining the outcome of radiation treatment. The main purpose of this study was to examine the expression level of genes responsible for cell cycle regulation in samples of the head and neck cancer, obtained during surgery. METHODS: Postsurgical samples of SCC of head and neck region were collected. Over 80 genes were analysed using cell cycle quantitative real-time RT-PCR Array method...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Leszek Niepolski, Alicja E Grzegorzewska
Dyslipidemia is one of the most potent risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis. The high atherosclerotic risk in dyslipidemic patients is associated with endothelial dysfunction. During the last two decades, novel bioactive peptides have emerged as potential biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and dyslipidemia-salusins and adropin. Salusin-alpha is likely to prevent atherosclerosis, while salusin-beta may act as a potential proatherogenic factor. Adropin was recently identified as important for energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Marek Kuźniewski, Danuta Fedak, Paulina Dumnicka, Ewa Stępień, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala, Marcin Cwynar, Władysław Sułowicz
PURPOSE: The high prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is observed especially in those undergoing dialysis. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligands, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) have been associated with cardiovascular complications. Our aim was to study their role as cardiovascular risk factors in stage 5 CKD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: OPG, RANKL and TRAIL concentrations were measured in 69 hemodialyzed CKD patients and 35 healthy volunteers...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Artur Pawlik, Monika Łątka, Tomasz Drożdż, Marta Olszewska, Agata Franczyk, Danuta Czarnecka
PURPOSE: The coexistence of hypertension, abdominal obesity, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disturbances favors the acceleration of other disease entities - also apart from cardiovascular system disorders. This study was planned to estimate the relationship between the presence of metabolic syndrome and sleep disorders among a group of hypertensive patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: The study was conducted on unselected group of 261 patients from the Outpatient Hypertension Clinic...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
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