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International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946832/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-endovascular-therapy-following-imaging-evaluation-for-ischemic-stroke-defuse-3
#1
Gregory W Albers, Maarten G Lansberg, Stephanie Kemp, Jenny P Tsai, Phil Lavori, Soren Christensen, Michael Mlynash, Sun Kim, Scott Hamilton, Sharon D Yeatts, Yuko Palesch, Roland Bammer, Joe Broderick, Michael P Marks
Rationale Early reperfusion in patients experiencing acute ischemic stroke is effective in patients with large vessel occlusion. No randomized data are available regarding the safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy beyond 6 h from symptom onset. Aim The aim of the study is to demonstrate that, among patients with large vessel anterior circulation occlusion who have a favorable imaging profile on computed tomography perfusion or magnetic resonance imaging, endovascular therapy with a Food and Drug Administration 510 K-cleared mechanical thrombectomy device reduces the degree of disability three months post stroke...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946831/the-potential-health-and-economic-impact-of-improving-stroke-care-standards-for-australia
#2
Joosup Kim, Nadine E Andrew, Amanda G Thrift, Julie Bernhardt, Richard I Lindley, Dominique A Cadilhac
Background Evidence of the burden of suboptimal stroke care should expedite quality improvement. We aimed to estimate the health and economic impact of improving acute stroke management to best practice standards using Australia as a case study. Methods Hospital performance in Australia was estimated using data from the National Stroke Audit of Acute Services 2013. The percentage of patients provided evidence-based therapies in all hospitals was compared to that achieved in the aggregate of top performing benchmark hospitals (that included between them, a minimum contribution of 15% of all cases audited)...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946830/countries-with-women-inequalities-have-higher-stroke-mortality
#3
Young Dae Kim, Yo Han Jung, Valeria Caso, Cheryl D Bushnell, Gustavo Saposnik
Background Stroke outcomes can differ by women's legal or socioeconomic status. Aim We investigated whether differences in women's rights or gender inequalities were associated with stroke mortality at the country-level. Methods We used age-standardized stroke mortality data from 2008 obtained from the World Health Organization. We compared female-to-male stroke mortality ratio and stroke mortality rates in women and men between countries according to 50 indices of women's rights from Women, Business and the Law 2016 and Gender Inequality Index from the Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946829/stroke-is-preventable
#4
Werner Hacke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884654/controlled-clinical-trials-of-cell-therapy-in-stroke-meta-analysis-at-six-months-after-treatment
#5
Olivier Detante, Anaïck Moisan, Marc Hommel, Assia Jaillard
Background Cell therapy is promising in experimental studies and has been assessed only in a few studies on humans. Aims To evaluate the effect of cell therapy in humans. Methods We included clinical trials with a control group that reported safety and efficacy six months following treatment. Quality was evaluated and clinical scales data were extracted. Quantitative analysis was based on the standardized means difference (SMD). Among 28 trials published from 1995 to 2016, nine studies (194 patients; 191 controls) were eligible...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884653/smartphone-electrographic-monitoring-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack
#6
Hans T Tu, Ziyuan Chen, Corey Swift, Leonid Churilov, Ruibing Guo, Xinfeng Liu, Jim Jannes, Vincent Mok, Ben Freedman, Stephen M Davis, Bernard Yan
Rationale Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a common and preventable cause of devastating strokes. However, currently available monitoring methods, including Holter monitoring, cardiac telemetry and event loop recorders, have drawbacks that restrict their application in the general stroke population. AliveCor™ heart monitor, a novel device that embeds miniaturized electrocardiography (ECG) in a smartphone case coupled with an application to record and diagnose the ECG, has recently been shown to provide an accurate and sensitive single lead ECG diagnosis of atrial fibrillation...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884652/the-incidence-of-pregnancy-related-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Richard H Swartz, Megan L Cayley, Norine Foley, Noor Niyar N Ladhani, Lisa Leffert, Cheryl Bushnell, J A McClure, M Patrice Lindsay
Background Stroke risk is increased during pregnancy, but estimates of pregnancy-related stroke incidence vary widely. Aims A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the incidence of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Ovid Medline, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science were searched for studies published between 1990 and January 2017 reporting stroke incidence during pregnancy and postpartum, from defined pregnancy populations. Pooled analyses were conducted using a random effects approach and expressed as an incidence rate per 100,000 pregnancies, with 95% confidence intervals...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768462/approaches-to-the-field-recognition-of-potential-thrombectomy-candidates
#8
Stephen C van Gaal, Noreen Kamal, Michael J Betzner, Renee L Vilneff, Balraj Mann, Eddy S Lang, Andrew Demchuk, Brian Buck, Thomas Jeerakathil, Michael D Hill
Systems of care for acute ischemic stroke are being challenged to implement processes that ensure rapid access to endovascular thrombectomy. Optimizing existing regionalized stroke thrombolysis programs for endovascular thrombectomy will require accurate field recognition of treatment candidates. We begin with a review of the development of early clinical tests for ischemic stroke, illustrating challenges relevant to future field tests for large vessel occlusion. Second, we discuss aspects of diagnosis, eligibility, feasibility, and system organization that are potentially relevant to the development and implementation of field tests and diversion criteria...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350278/stroke-doctors-who-are-we-a-world-stroke-organization-survey
#9
Atte Meretoja, Monica Acciarresi, Rufus O Akinyemi, Bruce Campbell, Dar Dowlatshahi, Coralie English, Nils Henninger, Alexandre Poppe, Jukka Putaala, Monica Saini, Shoichiro Sato, Bo Wu, Michael Brainin, Bo Norrving, Stephen Davis
Background Specialist training provides skilled workforce for service delivery. Stroke medicine has evolved rapidly in the past years. No prior information exists on background or training of stroke doctors globally. Aims To describe the specialties that represent stroke doctors, their training requirements, and the scientific organizations ensuring continuous medical education. Methods The World Stroke Organization conducted an expert survey between June and November 2014 using e-mailed questionnaires. All Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries with >1 million population and other countries with >50 million population were included ( n = 49, total 5...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043215/incidence-recurrence-and-long-term-survival-of-ischemic-stroke-subtypes-a-population-based-study-in-the-middle-east
#10
Hamidreza Saber, Amanda G Thrift, Moira K Kapral, Ashkan Shoamanesh, Amin Amiri, Mohammad T Farzadfard, Réza Behrouz, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
Background Incidence, risk factors, case fatality and survival rates of ischemic stroke subtypes are unknown in the Middle East due to the lack of community-based incidence stroke studies in this region. Aim To characterize ischemic stroke subtypes in a Middle Eastern population. Methods The Mashad Stroke Incidence Study is a community-based study that prospectively ascertained all cases of stroke among the 450,229 inhabitants of Mashhad, Iran between 2006 and 2007. We identified 512 cases of first-ever ischemic stroke [264 men (mean age 65...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043214/one-year-disability-death-and-recurrence-after-first-ever-stroke-in-a-black-afro-caribbean-population
#11
Stephane Olindo, Martine Saint-Vil, Severine Jeannin, Aissatou Signate, Mireille Edimonana-Kaptue, Philippe Cabre, Nicolas Chausson, Didier Smadja, Julien Joux
Background Few data on stroke outcomes and no data on stroke recurrence are available in Black mono-racial population with high socio-economic status. Aims We investigated outcomes and stroke recurrence at one year in the Black Afro-Caribbean population of Martinique and examined potential predictors of poor prognosis and recurrence. Methods Patients from ERMANCIA II (Etude Réalisée en MArtinique et Centrée sur l'Incidence des Accidents vasculaires cérébraux), a Black population-based and prospective observational study, were followed up at 28-days, three months and one year post stroke...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807277/the-risk-of-stroke-in-spouses-of-people-living-with-dementia-in-korea
#12
Ickpyo Hong, Areum Han, Timothy A Reistetter, Annie N Simpson
Background and purpose As the Korean population ages, the number of patients with dementia is expected to increase. Although prior studies have reported that the burdens associated with caregiving impact the health of spouses of individuals with dementia, it is unclear whether those spouses have increased risk of stroke. We examined the relationship between the risks of stroke among spouses of people with dementia (SPD). Methods We retrieved a total of 314,526 respondents from the population-based surveys of the 2012 and 2013 Korea Community Health Survey...
October 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885109/late-breaking-abstracts
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885108/other-additional-abstracts
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885107/2017-canadian-stroke-congress-abstracts
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885105/canadian-stroke-congress-abstracts-2017-calgary-alberta-september-9-11-2017
#16
Patrice Lindsay, Mike Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829679/abstracts-of-the-27th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-stroke-society-of-australasia-23-25-august-2017-queenstown-new-zealand
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741436/abstracts-presented-at-the-smart-strokes-2017-conference-10-11-august-2017-gold-coast-qld
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730952/editorial
#19
Geoffrey A Donnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730951/penumbra-and-re-canalization-acute-computed-tomography-in-ischemic-stroke-evaluation-practise-study-protocol
#20
Salwa El-Tawil, Joanna Wardlaw, Ian Ford, Grant Mair, Tom Robinson, Lalit Kalra, Keith W Muir
Rationale Multimodal imaging, including computed tomography angiography and computed tomography perfusion imaging, yields additional information on intracranial vessels and brain perfusion and can differentiate between ischemic core and penumbra which may affect patient selection for intravenous thrombolysis. Hypothesis The use of multimodal imaging will increase the number of patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis and lead to better treatment outcomes. Sample size 400 patients. Methods and design PRACTISE is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial in which patients presenting within 4...
August 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
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