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Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720820/secondary-symptomatic-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgia
#1
REVIEW
Debashish Chowdhury
Primary trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) are uncommon group of headache disorders. These are defined and diagnosed by the criteria given by the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3β version. Over the past few decades, a number of secondary (symptomatic) cases have been described in the literature with headache features indistinguishable from primary TACs. Many structural and other pathologies have been found in these patients that can be causally related to the headaches. This review attempts to critically analyze the existing literature including the new cases published during 2015-2017...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720819/functional-neuroimaging-in-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias
#2
REVIEW
Mark Obermann, Dagny Holle, Steffen Nagel
Functional neuroimaging was able to identify key structures for the pathophysiology of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) including cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing or cranial autonomic features and hemicrania continua. The posterior hypothalamus was the structure most consistently depicted with functional imaging in different states of disease with and without pain. Network-oriented imaging techniques such as resting-state functional resonance imaging were able to show a broader involvement of human trigeminal pain processing in the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of the different TACs, highlighting similarities between this distinct group of primary headache disorders, while also demonstrating the differences in brain activation across these disorders...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720818/classification-of-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgia-what-has-changed-in-international-classification-of-headache-disorders-3-beta
#3
REVIEW
K Ravishankar
The term "Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia (TAC)" was first coined by Goadsby and Lipton[1] to include a group of relatively rare primary headache disorders characterized by moderate to severe, short-lived head pain in the trigeminal distribution with unilateral cranial parasympathetic autonomic features, such as lacrimation, rhinorrhea, conjunctival injection, eyelid edema, and ptosis. In the current International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3 beta),[2] the TAC group includes cluster headache (CH), paroxysmal hemicrania (PH), short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNHAs) and their 2 subforms - SUNHAs with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT), SUNHAs with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA)...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720817/overview-of-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias-nosologic-evolution-diagnosis-and-management
#4
REVIEW
Diana Yi-Ting Wei, Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong, Peter James Goadsby
The term trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) encompasses four primary headache disorders - cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania (PH), hemicrania continua (HC), short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT)/short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA). All of these except HC are characterized by short-lasting headaches. HC is characterized by a continuous unilateral headache that waxes and wanes in its intensity without complete resolution...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720816/short-lasting-unilateral-neuralgiform-headache-attacks
#5
REVIEW
Andrew Levy, Manjit S Matharu
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNHA) is characterized by strictly unilateral trigeminal distribution pain that occurs in association with ipsilateral cranial autonomic features. There are two subtypes: short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA). These disorders are rare but highly disabling. The management of SUNHA can be challenging...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720815/hemicrania-continua
#6
REVIEW
Sanjay Prakash, Bansi Adroja
Hemicrania continua (HC) is an indomethacin responsive primary chronic headache disorder which is currently classified as a subtype of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). It is not very uncommon. There are >1000 cases of HC in the literature, and it constitutes 1.7% of total headache in the clinic settings. Misdiagnosis for HC is very common at all clinical settings. A diagnosis of HC is missed even by neurologists and headache specialists. It is characterized by a continuous strictly unilateral headache with superimposed exacerbations...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720814/paroxysmal-hemicrania
#7
REVIEW
Chinar Osman, Anish Bahra
Paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) is a primary headache disorder belonging to the group of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias(TACs). Patients typically experience intense lateralzsed headaches with pain primarily in the ophthalmic trigeminal distribution (V1) associated with superimposed ipsilateral cranial autonomic features. PH is distinguished from other TACs by an exquisite responsiveness to therapeutic doses of indomethacin. Patients may need to be maintained on indomethacin for several months before trials of reduction can be attempted...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720813/treatment-of-cluster-headache
#8
REVIEW
William S Kingston, David W Dodick
Cluster headache (CH) is a debilitating primary headache disorder. Although uncommon, affecting only 0.1% of population, it is one of the most painful conditions known to humankind. Three strategies are employed for effective treatment of CH, namely, abortive therapy, transitional therapy, and preventive therapy. Being an uncommon condition, there is a paucity of large-scale controlled trials and evidence of various therapies are based on smaller studies. This review primarily focuses on therapies with highest quality of evidence and also on the emerging therapies for CH...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720812/cluster-headache-epidemiology-pathophysiology-clinical-features-and-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Diana Yi-Ting Wei, Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong, Peter James Goadsby
Cluster headache is a primary headache disorder affecting up to 0.1% of the population. Patients suffer from cluster headache attacks lasting from 15 to 180 min up to 8 times a day. The attacks are characterized by the severe unilateral pain mainly in the first division of the trigeminal nerve, with associated prominent unilateral cranial autonomic symptoms and a sense of agitation and restlessness during the attacks. The male-to-female ratio is approximately 2.5:1. Experimental, clinical, and neuroimaging studies have advanced our understanding of the pathogenesis of cluster headache...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720811/worst-headaches-of-the-humankind
#10
EDITORIAL
Debashish Chowdhury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720810/recovery-of-visual-scotomas-by-vortioxetine-in-a-patient-with-symptomatic-occipital-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Halil Onder, Akin Coskun, M Tugba Goksungur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720809/spinal-intramedullary-cysticercosis-a-summary-of-three-cases-in-thailand
#12
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720808/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-involvement-of-central-nervous-system-clinical-diversity-diagnostic-algorithm-and-therapeutic-challenges
#13
Biljana Mihaljevic, Mihailo Smiljanic, Darko Antic, Nada Kraguljac Kurtovic, Milena Todorovic Balint
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720807/pseudo-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-sign
#14
Ramnath Santosh Ramanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720806/cysts-in-white-matter-a-novel-neuroimaging-finding-in-infantile-gm1-gangliosidosis
#15
Mahesh Kamate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720805/uncommon-anatomical-variant-types-artery-of-percheron-infarcts-clinical-radiological-correlations
#16
T Harisuthan, Anirudh Vilas Kulkarni, Gigy Varkey Kuruttukulam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720804/cervical-myelopathy-after-high-voltage-electrical-burn-of-the-head-report-of-an-unusual-case
#17
Shri Ram Sharma, Masaraf Hussain, Hibo Hibong
High-voltage electrical injuries are uncommonly reported and may predispose to both immediate and delayed neurologic complications. We present a case of 27-year-old male who experienced a high-voltage electrical burn of the head resulting in quadriparesis. High-voltage electrocution injuries are a serious problem with potential for immediate, delayed, and long-term neurologic sequelae. The existing literature regarding effective treatment of neurologic complications is limited. Multidisciplinary management and long-term follow up are required...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720803/unilateral-limb-thinning-thinking-out-of-the-box
#18
Chandramouleeswaran Venkatraman, Shubha Subramanian, Daniel Sweetson Abraham, Kannan Vellaichamy
We report an unusual presentation in a 9-year-old girl with unilateral circumferential thinning of the entire right upper limb without any other neurological deficit, with normal nerve conduction and electromyography initially thought of as a neurodegenerative disorder based on clinical presentation. Magnetic resonance imaging of the upper limb showed partial lipoatrophy with normal glucose metabolism and lipid profile and negativity for HIV and autoimmune disease (panniculitis) with no family history of similar disorder...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720802/a-viral-polymyositis-masquerade-life-threatening-case-of-juvenile-dermatomyositis-complicated-by-systemic-capillary-leak-syndrome
#19
Bhaskara P Shelley, Shrijeet Chakraborti
This is a case report of an 8-year-old boy who developed an atypical, rare subphenotype of autoimmune inflammatory acute juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM), initially masquerading as viral polymyositis (PM)-like presentation, that was complicated by a hitherto unreported fulminant, life-threatening pediatric systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS). We highlight the close differential between viral PM and JDM, the baffling clinical syndromic constellation of hypotension with hemoconcentration - a "shock"-like syndrome, hypoalbuminemia without albuminuria, and generalized edema with the atypical JDM presentation, and stress crucial need to implement early aggressive, multipronged immunomodulatory treatment along with intensive fluid resuscitation which saved the life, this patient from a stormy, and turbulent 4-week clinical illness...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720801/spinocerebellar-ataxia-21-in-a-turkish-child
#20
Faruk Incecik, Ozlem M Herguner, Patrick Willems, Neslihan O Mungan
Hereditary cerebellar ataxias are genetically heterogeneous disorders. Autosomal recessive spinocerebellar ataxia-21 (SCAR21) is a neurologic disorder characterized by the onset of cerebellar ataxia, recurrent episodes of liver failure, peripheral neuropathy, and learning disabilities. Herein, we reported a case presented with gait and balance problems, swallowing difficulties, mild delayed motor development, and mild learning disability with SCAR21 that confirmed by mutation analysis in a Turkish child. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of SCAR21 from Turkey...
January 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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