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Clinical Interventions in Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424547/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-can-improve-both-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye-disease
#1
COMMENT
Jae-Woo Kwon, Sang Beom Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424546/perspectives-of-older-people-living-in-long-term-care-facilities-and-of-their-family-members-toward-advance-care-planning-discussions-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Veronica Mignani, Francesca Ingravallo, Elena Mariani, Rabih Chattat
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to search and synthesize qualitative studies exploring the perspectives of older people living in long-term care facilities and of their family members about advance care planning (ACP) discussions. METHODS: The enhancing transparency in reporting the synthesis of qualitative research (ENTREQ) framework was used to guide the review and report its results. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for studies published between January 2000 and November 2015...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424545/efficacy-and-safety-of-alcohol-septal-ablation-in-patients-over-65-years-old-with-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#3
Laila Cheddadi, Olivier Lairez, Thibault Lhermusier, Francisco Campelo-Parada, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Nicolas Boudou
BACKGROUND: The performance of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in elderly symptomatic patients with drug-refractory obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is still to be confirmed. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of ASA in patients under and over 65 years old. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-one consecutive patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardio-myopathy who underwent ASA were retrospectively included and reviewed for in-hospital major acute cardiac events and follow-up...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424544/association-of-genetic-variations-in-the-mitochondrial-dna-control-region-with-presbycusis
#4
Masoumeh Falah, Mohammad Farhadi, Seyed Kamran Kamrava, Saeid Mahmoudian, Ahmad Daneshi, Maryam Balali, Alimohamad Asghari, Massoud Houshmand
BACKGROUND: The prominent role of mitochondria in the generation of reactive oxygen species, cell death, and energy production contributes to the importance of this organelle in the intracellular mechanism underlying the progression of the common sensory disorder of the elderly, presbycusis. Reduced mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) gene expression and coding region variation have frequently been reported as being associated with the development of presbycusis. The mtDNA control region regulates gene expression and replication of the genome of this organelle...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408812/relationship-between-jaw-opening-force-and-hyoid-bone-dynamics-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#5
Hiromichi Shinozaki, Haruka Tohara, Mariko Matsubara, Nobuhiro Inokuchi, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Ayako Nakane, Yoko Wakasugi, Shunsuke Minakuchi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between jaw opening force and hyoid bone dynamics and resting position in elderly individuals based on gender. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 36 healthy elderly individuals aged ≥65 years without dysphagia (16 men and 20 women; mean age 75.5 years, range 65-88 years). Videofluorographic images during the swallowing of 10 mL of 40% (w/v) barium sulfate were obtained and the degrees of anterior, superior, and hypotenuse displacements of the hyoid bone and maximum/resting hyoid position were evaluated...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408811/systematic-review-on-strength-training-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-unsolved-question
#6
REVIEW
Ileana Ramazzina, Benedetta Bernazzoli, Cosimo Costantino
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of strength training, performed against a different resistance from body weight, in improving motor and nonmotor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and Web of Science. The review was conducted and reported in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Thirteen high-quality randomized controlled trials were included...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408810/prevalence-and-pattern-of-the-elongated-styloid-process-among-geriatric-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Bader K AlZarea
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to assess the elongation of the styloid process on digital panoramic radiographs and to evaluate the prevalence of the elongation according to age, sex and types. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Digital panoramic radiographs of 198 geriatric edentulous patients were analyzed. The radiographic length of the styloid process was measured on both sides using the measurement toolbars on the accompanying analysis software. For statistical analysis, Student's t-test, chi-square test and analysis of variance test were used...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408809/assessment-of-effects-of-differences-in-trunk-posture-during-fowler-s-position-on-hemodynamics-and-cardiovascular-regulation-in-older-and-younger-subjects
#8
Satoshi Kubota, Yutaka Endo, Mitsue Kubota, Tomohiko Shigemasa
BACKGROUND: Downward shifts in blood volume with changing position generally cause tachycardic responses. Age-related decreases in vagal nerve activity could contribute to orthostatic hypotension in older individuals. Fowler's position is a reclined position with the back between 30° and 60°, used to facilitate breathing, eating, and other routine daily activities in frail and elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether stroke volume (SV) was higher and heart rate (HR) lower in Fowler's position with an upright upper trunk than in Fowler's position with the whole trunk upright in both older and younger subjects, based on the assumption that lower HR would result from reduced sympathetic activation in older individuals...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408808/acute-kidney-injury-and-inflammatory-response-of-sepsis-following-cecal-ligation-and-puncture-in-d-galactose-induced-aging-rats
#9
Chao Liu, Jie Hu, Zhi Mao, Hongjun Kang, Hui Liu, Wanlei Fu, Yangfan Lv, Feihu Zhou
BACKGROUND: Recently, the d-galactose (d-gal)-induced mimetic aging rat model has been widely used in studies of age-associated diseases, which have shown that chronic d-gal exposure induces premature aging similar to natural aging in rats. With the increasing rate of sepsis in the geriatric population, an easy-access animal model for preclinical studies of elderly sepsis is urgently needed. This study investigates whether a sepsis model that is established in d-gal-induced aging rats can serve as a suitable model for preclinical studies of elderly patients with sepsis...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392682/why-do-seniors-leave-resistance-training-programs
#10
Elissa Burton, Anne-Marie Hill, Simone Pettigrew, Gill Lewin, Liz Bainbridge, Kaela Farrier, Phil Airey, Keith D Hill
PURPOSE: The proportion of the population, that is older, is growing at a faster rate than other age groups. Physical activity is important for older people because it assists in living independently. Participating in resistance training on a regular basis (twice weekly) is recommended for older people; yet, fewer than 15% of people over 60 years achieve this level. The aim of this article was to investigate the factors contributing to older people's decisions to stop participation in a resistance training program...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392681/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-social-adaptation-self-evaluation-scale-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar, Mahshid Foroughan, AbouAli Vedadhir, Mahmood Ghazi Tabatabaie
INTRODUCTION: The Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS) is used to measure social function and social motivation in depressed patients. There is little attention to social function in the treatment of depression. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of SASS (P-SASS) for older adults. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and methodological study. The participants were 550 community-dwelling older adults living in Tehran who were selected randomly from the primary health care centers...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360513/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-sensory-stimulation-interventions-for-sleeping-disturbances-in-patients-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Tatiana-Danai Dimitriou, Magdalini Tsolaki
OBJECTIVE: The current review aims to evaluate the sensory stimulation interventions in terms of reducing sleeping disturbances in patients with dementia. The nonpharmacological interventions seem to be an efficient, inexpensive, and easy tool for family caregivers. Moreover, sleeping disorders increase caregivers' distress and may lead to hospitalization. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed. Eleven randomized controlled trials have been found...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356727/effects-of-dual-tasks-and-dual-task-training-on-postural-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
The use of dual-task training paradigm to enhance postural stability in patients with balance impairments is an emerging area of interest. The differential effects of dual tasks and dual-task training on postural stability still remain unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to analyze the effects of dual task and training application on static and dynamic postural stability among various population groups. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, from inception until June 2016, on the online databases Scopus, PEDro, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SportDiscus...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356726/searching-for-the-relationship-between-the-parameters-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-rs17782313-t-c-polymorphism-of-the-mc4r-gene-in-postmenopausal-women
#14
Jacek Brodowski, Małgorzata Szkup, Anna Jurczak, Sylwia Wieder-Huszla, Agnieszka Brodowska, Maria Laszczyńska, Beata Karakiewicz, Katarzyna Kęcka, Elżbieta Grochans
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is widespread in the human population, and its incidence is continuously increasing, generating serious health problems. The purpose of this study was to find the relationship between the parameters of MS and the melanocortin type 4 receptor (MC4R) gene polymorphism in postmenopausal women. The study involved 344 healthy Polish women, who had their last menstrual cycle 1 year ago or earlier. The study included blood analysis, survey, and body measurements. The mean age was 58.5±6.6 years...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356725/is-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-clinical-outcomes-in-aging-males-treated-with-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-for-bladder-outlet-obstruction-implications-from-taiwan-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chen-Pang Hou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Horng-Heng Juang, Phei-Lang Chang, Pei-Shan Yang, Yu-Sheng Lin, Chien-Lun Chen, Ke-Hung Tsui
PURPOSE: We assessed the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and clinical outcomes between diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and non-diabetic (non-DM) patients receiving transurethral resection of prostate (TUR-P). METHODS: This analysis was a retrospective cohort study using 13 years (2000-2012) of claims data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 4,887 patients who had persistent LUTSs and underwent TUR-P for prostate enlargement (benign prostate enlargement [BPE]) were enrolled and divided into two groups: DM and non-DM groups...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356724/evaluation-of-the-association-between-subconjunctival-orbital-fat-prolapse-and-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#16
COMMENT
Sang Beom Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352165/correlation-between-thoracolumbar-curvatures-and-respiratory-function-in-older-adults
#17
Nor Najwatul Akmal Ab Rahman, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Raymond Lee
Aging is associated with alterations in thoracolumbar curvatures and respiratory function. Research information regarding the correlation between thoracolumbar curvatures and a comprehensive examination of respiratory function parameters in older adults is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation between thoracolumbar curvatures and respiratory function in community-dwelling older adults. Thoracolumbar curvatures (thoracic and lumbar) were measured using a motion tracker. Respiratory function parameters such as lung function, respiratory rate, respiratory muscle strength and respiratory muscle thickness (diaphragm and intercostal) were measured using a spirometer, triaxial accelerometer, respiratory pressure meter and ultrasound imaging, respectively...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352164/oral-conditions-and-dysphagia-in-japanese-community-dwelling-middle-and-older-aged-adults-independent-in-daily-living
#18
Akinari Inui, Ippei Takahashi, Sizuka Kurauchi, Yuki Soma, Toshiaki Oyama, Yoshihiro Tamura, Takao Noguchi, Kouichi Murashita, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Wataru Kobayashi
PURPOSE: Prevention, early detection and effective rehabilitation of dysphagia are important issues to be considered in an aging society. Previous studies have shown conflicting findings regarding the association between dysphagia and its potential risk factors, including age, malnutrition, oral conditions, lifestyle and medical history. Herein, we assessed the prevalence and association of dysphagia with potential risk factors in 50- to 79-year-old adults dwelling in a community in Japan...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352163/the-effectiveness-of-a-basic-exercise-intervention-to-improve-strength-and-balance-in-women-with-osteoporosis
#19
Montserrat Otero, Izaro Esain, Ángel M González-Suarez, Susana M Gil
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a simple exercise program on the balance and strength of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. METHODS: This program was based on low intensity strength and balance exercises, and was carried out with simple, readily available equipment. Sixty five women were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (EG; n=33, age: 57.4±4.8 years) or the control group (CG; n=32, age: 58.8±4.5 years). Participants in the EG underwent balance and strength training for 60 min, three times/week for 6 months...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331301/correlation-between-movement-complexity-during-static-standing-and-balance-function-in-institutionalized-older-adults
#20
Momoko Yamagata, Tome Ikezoe, Midori Kamiya, Mitsuhiro Masaki, Noriaki Ichihashi
PURPOSE: Sample entropy (SampEn) is an analysis to evaluate movement complexity of the center of pressure (COP). A lower value of SampEn indicates lower complexity of COP variability, that is, rigidity, and lower degrees of freedom. Previous studies reported the association of increased SampEn with improved standing balance ability in young subjects. However, no studies have examined these relationships among older adults. Thus, we aimed to investigate the relationship between SampEn and standing balance ability in older adults...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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