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Current Clinical Pharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637418/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-crocus-sativus-on-the-serum-cytokines-levels-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Tayebe Kermani, Maedeh Zebarjadi, Hassan Mehrad-Majd, Seyed-Reza Mirhafez, Maryam Shemshian, Faezeh Ghasemi, Elham Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Abdolreza Norouzy, Toktam Moghiman, Akram Sadeghi, Gordon Ferns, Amir Avan, Elaheh Mahdipour, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A growing body of evidence supports an important role of inflammatory-cytokines in development and progression of metabolic-syndrome (MetS), which explain, at least in part, its relationship with an increased cardiovascular-risk. Several studies have reported the therapeutic-impact of crocus-sativus in preclinical/clinical setting. Here we have explored the effects of crocus-sativus, saffron, on the modulation of twelve serum cytokines in subjects with MetS in a randomized control trial...
June 21, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637417/effect-of-heteropterys-aphrodisiaca-on-anxiety-and-male-exposure-of-female-mice-with-advanced-age
#2
Daniela Miranda Farias, Maria Silvia Ostetto, Rozimeri Colleti, Thais Barbosa, Jorge Aparecido Barros, Sergio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez, Susana E Moreno, André Barciela Veras
BACKGROUND: Effect of Heteropterys aphrodisiac (dog-node) on anxiety and function Of adult female wistar mice. The Project is an experiment with the use of Of H. aphrodisiac root extract, in order to observe the frequency of Sexual exposure of females exposed to the extract, quantify the effect of the extract on the Concentration of total testosterone and observe the anxiety levels of the animals Exposed. Results will be measured with the laboratory testosterone test and LCE and CA tests...
June 21, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578646/clonidine-but-not-dexamethasone-prolongs-ropivacaine-induced-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-nerve-block-duration
#3
Dawood Nasir, Irina Gasanova, Shaina Drummond, John Alexander, Jo Howard, Emily Melikman, Gary Hill, Abu Minhajuddin, Babatunde Ogunnaike, Charles Whitten
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block (USSB) provides excellent postoperative analgesia after upper extremity surgery. Dexamethasone and clonidine have been added to local anesthetics to enhance and prolong the duration of analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized prospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone, clonidine, or combination of both as adjuvants to ropivacaine on the duration of USSB for postoperative analgesia...
June 4, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578645/the-anti-migraine-effects-of-m2000-%C3%AE-d-mannuronic-acid-on-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-a-case-report
#4
Mahdi Vojdanian, Hossein Ahmadi, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Farhad Gharibdoost, Anis Barati, Abbas Mirshafiey
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and migraine are both common disorders which are caused by a faulty immune system and autonomic nervous system dysfunction, respectively. Although current treatment outlook has been shown a great improvement in these two diseases, however many side effects have been reported. CASE REPORT: We report a case of 43-years-female that has been suffered from rheumatoid arthritis for 3 years with a 6 years history of migraine. She had used different types of medication for both rheumatoid arthritis and migraine but during these 6 years no improvement was observed and even migraine progression in this patient became worse...
June 4, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486907/effect-of-crocin-on-antibody-titers-to-heat-shock-protein-27-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Mina Nosrati, Irandokht Nikbakht-Jam, Saeid Eslami, M Khademi, Mojtaba Foroutan-Tanha, Farzin Hadizadeh, Amir Hosein Sahebkar, Shima Tavallaie, Zhila Taherzadeh, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A A Ferns
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that antibody titers to heat shock protein 27 (anti-hsp27) and hs-CRP concentrations are elevated in patients with MetS, and may be associated with an increased cardiovascular diseases risk. Crocin is a natural carotenoid with, cardio protective effects. OBJECTIVE: Owing to the previous evidence on the beneficial effects of saffron in patients with MetS, this study investigated the effect of supplementation with crocin, as the active ingredient of saffron, on serum anti-hsp27 and hs-CRP in patients with MetS...
May 9, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486906/safety-and-toxicological-considerations-of-nanomedicines-the-future-directions
#6
Parmi Patel, Jigna Shah
Nanomedicine, an emerging nanotechnology, imparts special biological features due to their quantum size and is a promising candidate for targeted drug delivery. At present, in spite of its novel applications in medical sciences, certain existing gaps still needs to be addressed such as fate of nanoparticles and its toxicity assessment on human health. Behaviour of the entities post human body exposure and its deposition up to certain extent are some of the crucial factors to be considered for a successful treatment approach...
May 9, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425871/the-journey-of-the-non-vascular-relief-for-migraine-from-triptans-to-ditans
#7
Alphienes Stanley Xavier, Mageshwaran Lakshmanan, Vikneswaran Gunaseelan
Migraine is a recurrent, disabling, complex and highly prevalent neurological disorder. The mystery behind the cause of migraine is continuously evolving, according to the scientific understanding of the disease. This growing understanding helps to identify novel therapeutic targets for the management of migraine to treat the ailing migraineurs. The role of serotonin (5HT) in migraine is recognized to be the cornerstone for the currently available therapeutic options namely ergot alkaloids and triptans. The role of mediators such as Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP), nitric oxide and excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, has been realized and ignited the development of drugs targeting these factors...
April 19, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356053/levetiracetam-in-compare-to-sodium-valproate-for-prophylaxis-in-chronic-migraine-headache-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#8
Davood Kashipazha, Hooshan Shariati Ghadikolaei, Mehrnoush Siavashi
BACKGROUND: Migraine is not curable, but preventive treatments are usually used to decrease the intensity and frequency of headache attacks. Different therapeutic options are widely studied for chronic migraine (CM), but all of them have different inefficacy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of levetiracetam versus sodium valproate in the treatment of CM. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 62 patients with chronic migraine (30 patients in intervention group-treated with levetiracetam and 32 patients in control group- treated with sodium valproate)...
March 28, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322168/pediatric-off-label-and-unlicensed-drug-use-and-its-implications
#9
Rajeshwari Gore, Preeta Kaur Chugh, Chakra Dhar Tripathi, Yangshen Lhamo, Sandhya Gautam
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, in the absence of standard pediatric prescribing information, clinicians often use medicines in children in a dosage form or for an indication that has not been approved for use. Inadequate clinical trials increase exposure to drugs that lack safety-efficacy data in pediatric population. Hence, off-label and unlicensed drug use must be regarded as a patient safety-issue that is known to be associated with increased risks of adverse drug reactions apart from under- or over-dosing due to lack of pharmacokinetic data...
March 17, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294070/dutasteride-in-androgenetic-alopecia-an-update
#10
Tasleem Arif, Konchok Dorjay, Mohammad Adil, Marwa Sami
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia is a common condition characterized by thinning of scalp hair. Conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, a more potent androgen, by the enzyme 5-a-reductase is responsible for underlying pathogenesis. Dutasteride, a synthetic 4-azasteroid, is a selective and competitive inhibitor of both type-1 and type-2 isoenzymes of 5-alpha-reductase. Finasteride and minoxidil are the only approved drugs for androgenetic alopecia. Dutasteride has been demonstrated to be effective in several randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trials in androgenetic alopecia...
March 10, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629313/editorial-spicing-up-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-with-cinnamon
#11
EDITORIAL
Arduino A Mangoni, Elzbieta A Jarmuzewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245774/potential-usefulness-of-clopidogrel-pharmacogenetics-in-cerebral-endovascular-procedures-and-carotid-artery-stenting
#12
Jorge Duconge, Dagmar F Hernandez-Suarez
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have shown inadequate response to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel in 5-30% of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), due mostly to clopidogrel resistance. This prevalence increases up to 66% in patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures. However, clinical significance of CYP2C19 genotypes in neurointerventional procedures or carotid artery stenting (CAS) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to update our current knowledge and understanding of the pharmacogenetic basis for poor clopidogrel responsiveness in patients undergoing CAS and endovascular interventions as well as to explore usefulness of genotyping to reduce the rate of procedure-related thrombosis that results in ischemic complications...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176623/effect-of-cinnamomum-cassia-on-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-pioglitazone
#13
Sandhya Mamindla, Venkata S R G P Koganti, Nagaraju Ravouru, Bharathi Koganti
BACKGROUND: Millions of people today use herbs either as food or in the form of medicine along with other medications. Many of the herbs can interact with these medications, causing either potentially dangerous side effects or improved or reduced benefits from the medication. OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to determine the influence of cinnamon, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pioglitazone. METHOD: Studies were conducted in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats and rabbits with oral administration of selected doses of pioglitazone, cinnamon and their combination...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103775/interaction-of-antipsychotic-drugs-with-sucrase-kinetics-and-structural-study
#14
Narges Jafari, Helia Dehganpour, Nava Ghavanini, Hamidreza Mollasalehi, Dariush Minai-Tehrani
BACKGROUND: In patients with the Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID), who lack intestinal sucrase-isomaltase enzyme, a suspension of yeast sucrase is applied as a drug to compensate the enzyme deficiency. While antipsychotic drugs are used for the treatment of schizophrenia, administering multiple drugs at the same time may counteract each other. METHODS: In this study, the interaction between trifluoperazine and haloperidol as antipsychotic drugs on oral drug yeast sucrase was investigated...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000556/therapeutic-approaches-blocking-glycan-synthesis-as-targeting-strategy-for-malaria
#15
Pollyanna S Gomes, Alexandre Morrot
Over one million people die from malaria each year, mainly in the world's tropical and sub-tropical areas. Several research efforts have been devoted to the design of new therapeutic targets for disease control, as drug resistance is one of the greatest challenges in malaria eradication. Carbohydrate recognition in Plasmodium-host interactions is one area for potential targets against disease. The glycan derivatives interfere with replication and invasion of Plasmodium falciparum. Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are known to block merozoite and sporozoite invasion...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908252/the-combination-of-new-immunotherapy-and-radiotherapy-a-n-ew-potential-treatment-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Paola C Sacco, Paolo Maione, Cesare Guida, Cesare Gridelli
Lung cancer is the main reason of cancer death worldwide. About 30% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases are diagnosed with locally advanced disease (stage III). This is a mixed population including patients who have far more extensive and bulky disease than others. Management of these patients continue to be a challenge; frequently, patients have both local recurrence and distant metastases in this stage and the prognosis is very poor with a 5-year overall survival estimated between 3% and 7% for inoperable disease...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592837/the-therapeutic-role-of-lamotrigine-and-topiramate-in-a-depressive-patient-with-anxiety-symptoms-and-cognitive-decline-neurometabolic-correlates
#17
Lutfu Hanoglu, Burak Yulug, Tansel Cakir, Kubra Sogukkanli, Ozge Arıcı Duz, Tamer Atasever
We describe here 67 years old women presented with symptoms of anxiety and cognitive impairment that responded well to the combined treatment of lamotrigine and topiramate. In contrast to recent data, we have shown that lamotrigine and topiramate treatment additively increased the cerebral glucose metabolism that was associated with complete resolution of the neuropsychiatric symptoms. Our findings indicate that the therapeutic effect of both agents involve a cortico-subcortical network and suggest the functional role of a bi-directional hippocampal-cingulate connectivity...
September 4, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526697/ethosomes-as-vesicles-for-effective-transdermal-delivery-from-bench-to-clinical-implementation
#18
Nida Akhtar, Anurag Verma, Kamla Pathak
BACKGROUND: Drug delivery across the deeper layers of skin to make it systemically available is a considerable challenge in the development of a carrier. A number of efforts have been put forward to find ways to get therapeutic actives overcome the formidable barrier of stratum corneum. Various lipid based vesicles viz liposomes, transfersomes, and invasomes have gained prominent deliberations across the globe. More recently, ethosomes have been investigated for its potential where high proportion of ethanol enables them to ameliorate transdermal delivery of several drugs in comparison to other carriers...
August 13, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526696/humic-acids-as-therapeutic-compounds-in-lead-intoxication
#19
Klara Krempaska, Ladislav Vasko, Janka Vaskova
BACKGROUND: The toxicity of lead and its compounds is well known, causing anemia by inhibiting the synthesis of porphyrins. The neurotoxic effects, particularly in the young, alter the structure of cell membranes and DNA. Chronic exposure to lead has adverse effects on the body by disrupting the mechanisms of energy production and tissue damage, in particular in its links with thiol groups and competition for binding sites with zinc. OBJECTIVE: This review is therefore a description of the mechanism of lead toxicity as well as of possible interventions for the detoxification of the body...
August 13, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450363/pramipexole-responsive-neck-numbness-the-therapeutic-role-of-dopamine-agonists-in-the-spinal-cord-indicating-to-a-common-spinal-pathophysiology-with-restless-leg-syndrome-rls
#20
Burak Yulug, Lutfu Hanoglu
BACKGROUND: There is still speculative data regarding the role spinal dopaminergic neurotransmission in restless leg syndrome (RLS). METHODS: We have evaluated the therapeutic role of pramipexole in a patient with cervical disc prolapsus who was exceptionally presented with neck restlessness Results: We have found that pramipexole leads to a significant improvement in restlessness symptoms in the neck region. DISCUSSION: The therapeutic role of pramipexole may not only suggest secondary deficits due to spinal pathologies but also indicate that specialized spinal dopaminergic neurons may play an important role in the pathogenesis of region specific restlessness symptomatology...
July 19, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
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