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Women's Health

Beth A Lewis, Lauren Billing, Katie Schuver, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
Approximately 13%-19% of new mothers report depression during the postpartum period. Returning to work after childbirth is associated with depression; however, it is unclear if this finding applies to women who are at high risk for postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and depression symptomatology among women at risk for postpartum depression (defined as personal or maternal history of depression). This study was a post hoc analysis from a previously conducted randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2017: Women's Health
Misai Hukuimwe, Tawanda T Matsa, Muchabayiwa F Gidiri
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare condition in pregnancy which is characterised by symmetrical progressive ascending polyneuropathy. A case of a 16-year-old nulliparous woman who presented with rapidly progressive limb paralysis following an upper respiratory tract infection a week prior to presentation is discussed. She was intubated as she had developed respiratory failure and managed in the intensive care unit by a multidisciplinary team. Plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin were not readily available so she was managed conservatively...
April 1, 2017: Women's Health
Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Natasia Adams, Timiya ShaRel Nolan, Karen Meneses
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Women's Health
Gareth Roderique-Davies, Christine McKnight, Bev Jonn, Susan Faulkner, Deborah Lancastle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Women's Health
Lara Passos Alvim, Thais Izidoro Pires, Cynthia Savioli, Maria Das Graças Afonso Miranda Chaves, Gisele Maria Campos Fabri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Women's Health
Edward Pavlik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2016: Women's Health
Shahla Masood
With advances in science and technology, there are more innovations in the approach to management of patients with breast cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy that is designed to be used prior to surgical removal of a tumor has received significant attention. Currently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is offered to patients with locally advanced breast cancer and also those breast cancer patients who may benefit from size reduction before conservation therapy. There is now sufficient evidence that if neoadjuvant chemotherapy leads to complete pathologic response, the patient will enjoy a better outcome...
September 2016: Women's Health
Ange Wang, Jean Y Tang, Marcia L Stefanick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Women's Health
Kamilla Rognmo, Børge Sivertsen, Malin Eberhard-Gran
This study aims to investigate whether change in sleep duration and insomnia symptoms in the postpartum period is related to change in body mass index from before to 2 years after pregnancy. This study is based on self-report data from a Norwegian cohort, the AHUS Birth Cohort Study. Data were collected at 8 weeks (T1) and 2 years (T2) postpartum. Data from 812 women were analyzed. The results showed that only women with symptoms of insomnia at both T1 and T2 (persistent symptoms) had a greater increase in body mass index compared to women with no insomnia symptoms at T1 or T2...
September 2016: Women's Health
Terry M Silvestrin, Anna W Steenrod, Karin S Coyne, David E Gross, Canan B Esinduy, Angela B Kodsi, Gayle J Slifka, Lucy Abraham, Anna L Araiza, Andrew G Bushmakin, Xuemei Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Women's Health
Omar El Tokhy, Julia Kopeika, Tarek El-Toukhy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2016: Women's Health
Omer Ozkan, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Ozlenen Ozkan, Inanc Mendilcioglu, Selen Dogan, Batu Aydinuraz, Mehmet Simsek
Absolute uterine factor infertility affects 3-5% of the general population, and unfortunately this condition is untreatable. There are some available options, including surrogacy or adoption, but neither of these suits each and every woman who desires to have her own genetic child. With recent advances in surgery and transplant immunology, uterus transplantation may be a source of hope for these women with uterine infertility. In the last decade, a number of animal species including rats, mice, rabbits, pigs, sheep, and primates have been used as experimental models, and pregnancies were achieved in some of these...
July 2016: Women's Health
Laura Ormesher, Louise Simcox, Clare Tower, Ian A Greer
Adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as pregnancy loss and pre-eclampsia, are associated with thrombotic mechanisms and thrombophilia. Antithrombotic interventions, particularly low-molecular-weight heparin, have been investigated in women identified by previous pregnancy outcome; however, the results have been inconsistent. This may reflect heterogeneity of both the study groups and the disease processes resulting in inadequate stratification to guide antithrombotic interventions. Furthermore, the variation in gestation at initiation of low-molecular-weight heparin treatment might be important...
July 2016: Women's Health
Shadi Rezai, Stephen LoBue, Cassandra E Henderson
In the United States, 29.1 million people are affected by diabetes, of which 95% have type 2 diabetes. There has been a fivefold increase in type 2 diabetes in the latter half of the 20th century, an increase strongly linked to the obesity epidemic in the United States. In addition, insulin resistance affects 86 million Americans, or more than one-third of the adult population, as manifested by impaired fasting glucose tolerance with random glucose values ranging from ⩾100 to <126 mg/dL. In all, 90% of those affected by impaired fasting glucose tolerance or pre-diabetes are unaware of their metabolic derangement...
July 2016: Women's Health
Allison C Petrini, Nigel Pereira, Jovana P Lekovich, Rony T Elias, Steven D Spandorfer
The primary objective of this study is to investigate whether early spontaneous multiple fetal pregnancy reduction, also known as vanishing twin syndrome, is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes in fresh in vitro fertilization cycles. This is a retrospective cohort study of women with live singleton births with and without an early vanishing twin after fresh in vitro fertilization. Characteristics compared included incidence of preterm birth, overall birth weight, overall low birth weight, overall very low birth weight, and term low birth weight...
July 2016: Women's Health
Daniel Spadoto-Dias, Flávia Neves Bueloni-Dias, Leonardo Vieira Elias, Nilton José Leite, Waldir Pereira Modotti, Ricardo Bassil Lasmar, Rogério Dias
Several studies have demonstrated that the combination of hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy is more accurate in differentiating endometrial polyps from endometrial hyperplasia and cancer. However, blind biopsy not always confirms hysteroscopic findings due to high rates of inadequate or insufficient material. The objective of this clinical, prospective, and comparative study was to establish a correlation between the histological results of office-based endometrial biopsies (hysteroscopically guided and blind) with the surgical polypectomy specimens...
July 2016: Women's Health
Sana Qureshi, Mahsa Kanzali, Syed Farhan Rizvi, Niharika Joolukuntla, Barry Fomberstein
We report here an unusual case of rheumatoid arthritis presenting for the first time in a 32-week pregnant patient. Despite thorough evaluations from different specialties, the patient's diagnosis went undiscovered originally being attributed to orthopedic issues and then to normal symptoms of pregnancy. The patient's symptoms progressively worsened until she was no longer able to ambulate and complete her daily activities. A primary diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is exceedingly rare during pregnancy due to changes in the body's immune system that accommodate the foreign fetus...
July 2016: Women's Health
Nigel Pereira, Isaac Kligman
Several variations in fallopian tube anatomy may be noted during the evaluation of infertility. Some anatomical variants such as accessory tubal ostia are rare. A 31-year-old woman presented to our center with a 2-year history of primary infertility. Given her history of dysmenorrhea, a diagnostic laparoscopy was performed. Laparoscopy revealed a left utero-sacral endometriosis implant, which was resected. Although the left fallopian tube was normal, the right fallopian tube was noted to have two prongs with individual ostia...
July 2016: Women's Health
Yasmina Mohan, Vicki Y Chiu, Neal M Lonky
Hysterectomy is the second most common gynecologic surgery; approximately 600,000 women undergo hysterectomies each year in the United States. Estimated uterine size, either by bimanual examination, ultrasonography, or both, is one of the major factors in evaluating the need for hysterectomy and in selecting the surgical approach. In this article, we review how physician-estimated uterine size can be confidently used in providing optimal hysterectomy care, as data indicate estimation is closely correlated with actual post-surgical pelvic specimen weight...
July 2016: Women's Health
Maurie Markman
A discussion of rational endpoints in clinical trials seeking regulatory approval for new anti-neoplastic agents involving the three major gynecologic malignancies, cancers of the ovary, cervix, and endometrial, is particularly interesting as (in the opinion of this commentator) the conclusion will be different in the individual cancers.
July 2016: Women's Health
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