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Infectious Disorders Drug Targets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521672/revision-and-implementation-of-clinical-guideline-for-tuberculosis-and-hiv-in-prisons-great-tehran-prison-iran
#1
Behnam Farhoudi, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Minoo Mohraz, Raheleh Golrokhy, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Bahman Ebrahimi, Jafar Esfehani, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of the revised "Clinical Guideline for HIV and TB" in the Great Tehran Prison during October 2013 to June 2014. METHODS: The guideline includes all aspects of HIV/TB diagnosis based on active case finding (ACF), treatment and care services. Before the implementation, a focus group discussion was conducted, and attended by experts on jail diseases. The objective was to identify defects and limitations of the guideline. After the discussion, the guideline was revised...
May 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474549/haart-in-hiv-aids-treatments-future-trends
#2
Da Yong Lu, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Bin Xu, Jian Ding, Ting-Ren Lu, Hong Ying Wu
AIDS (acquired immune deficient syndrome) is a deadly human viral infectious disease caused by HIV (human immune-deficient virus) infection. Almost every AIDS patient losses his/her life before mid 1990s. AIDS was once the 1st disease killer in US (1993). After one decade hard work, antiviral drug cocktails-high active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) have been invented for almost all HIV infection treatments. Due to the invention of HAART, 80-90% HIV/AIDS patients still effectively response to HAART for deadly AIDS episode controls and life saving...
May 5, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474548/resolution-of-chest-x-ray-opacities-in-patients-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#3
Shervin Shokouhi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Raziyeh Niyati, Latif Gachkar, Reza Goharani, Shahram Kahkoue
BACKGROUND: Chest Radiograph accompanied by clinical and laboratory findings are required for diagnosis and follow-up of patients with suspected ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). However, there are no reliable data whether follow-up chest-X-ray (CXR) is needed or not, moreover, when the physicians request CXR and how many times CXR is required. We aimed to determine association of the clinical improvement with resolution of pulmonary infiltrates as well as time of resolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients with a diagnosis of VAP based on Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) were enrolled in this study...
May 5, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464777/the-endocytic-transport-as-a-drug-target-in-infectious-diseases
#4
Amandio Vieira, Shaun P Wong
Components of the extracellular environment can be transported into cells by molecular mechanisms collectively termed endocytosis. Cells typically use a multitude of different internalization pathways. These endocytic transport pathways have a wide range of implications for physiological regulation as well as pathological processes. Many infectious diseases, for example, involve internalization of the pathogen into the cell as part of the infection process. Selective interference with the endocytic transport of a microbe, thus, represents a therapeutic strategy that may prevent infections or decrease the rate of their progression...
May 2, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464776/gastric-mucosal-oxidative-stress-markers-in-children-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#5
Adel Abd Elhaleim Hagag, Saleh M Amin, Mohammed H Emara, Sally E Abo-Resha
BACKGROUND: 'Helicobacter pylori' "H. pylori" is one of the most common infections that colonizes human gastric mucosa and generates reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oxidative stress markers in the gastric mucosa of "H. pylori"- infected children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study was carried out on 60 children infected with "H. pylori" including 28 males, 32 females with their age ranging from 7-10 years and mean age value of 8...
May 2, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462698/evaluation-of-salivary-uric-acid-and-ph-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-a-historical-cohort-study
#6
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel, Samaneh Vaziri Amjad, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Jalal Poorolajal
OBJECTIVE: Antioxidants protect body against cellular damage .Saliva has immunological, enzymatic and antioxidant defense systems. Uric acid is the main and predominant salivary antioxidants molecules. The aim of this study was evaluation of salivary uric acid and pH in HIV infected patients in west of Iran. METHODS: HIV infected patients were selected from behavioral advisory centers of Hamadan and Kermanshah provinces, west of Iran. Saliva was collected between 8 to10 at morning...
April 28, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460614/the-prevalence-of-pila-and-algd-virulence-genes-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-urinary-tract-and-tracheal-isolates
#7
Hassan Valadbeigi, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Majid Baseri Salehi
P. aeruginosa is one of the bacteria opportunistic that played main role in pathogenicity of patient in urinary tract infection (UTI) and respiratory tract infections. So, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of virulence genes including algD and pilA among Pseudomonas aeruginosa in urinary tract infection and tracheal isolates. After DNA extraction of clinical isolates, polymerase chain reaction was performed, and the results highlighted algD in all isolates, while pilA was dominant in tracheal isolates...
April 27, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460613/novel-information-about-neisseria-meningitides-identification-of-the-most-important-type-ii-toxin-antitoxin-systems
#8
Abbas Maleki, Sobhan Ghafourian, Behzad Badakhsh, Iraj Pakzad, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard
BACKGROUND: Toxin antitoxin systems is the one of the important elements among pathogenic bacteria ‎which have proven roles such as biofilm formation, cell programed death and persister cells formation‎. Neisseria meningitidis due to create of serious diseases in humans must be highlighted. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to identify of mazEF and relBE TA systems in N. meningitidis. METHOD: The potential TA loci were searched in database by bioinformatics analysis and then, experimental analysis was performed by PCR assay...
April 27, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460612/hepatic-capillariasis-drug-targets
#9
Abhishek Dubey, Antara Bagchi, Disha Sharma, Kunal Nandy, Amit Dey, Rajaram Sharma
Zoonotic infections are increasingly becoming public health menaces and are usually transmitted to humans due to unsuitable environmental conditions. One of them is hepatic capillariasis, caused by the parasite Capillaria hepatica, primarily a disease of rodents, with hepatic manifestations in humans. Although its prevalence is very low, it can cause significant morbidity and mortality, with cases reported from all over the world. The main infective form for humans is the embryonated egg of the parasite, which hatch in the intestine and ultimately colonize the liver...
April 27, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443500/occurrence-of-tem-shv-and-ctx-m-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-clinical-isolates-of-proteus-species-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#10
Mohit Chaubey, Suchitra Shenoy
BACKGROUND: Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL) are responsible for increased resistance to third generation cephalosporins. Proteus species is an important cause of both community acquired and nosocomial infections. The Proteus spp is usually susceptible to beta lactam drugs but there is progressive increase in beta lactam resistance and recently ESBLs are also fast spreading to this species. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to study ESBL production and occurrence of TEM, SHV and CTX M beta lactamases in clinical isolates of Proteus spp in a tertiary care centre...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413993/efficacy-of-sofosbuvir-plus-ribavirin-with-or-without-peginterferon-alfa-in-treatment-of-a-cohort-of-egyptian-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#11
Ossama Ashraf Ahmed, Hany Haroun Kaisar, Nehad Hawash, Hossam Samir, Sherif Sadek Taha Shabana, Mohamed Hassan Ahmed Fouad, Fatma Rizk, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Background &Aims: Sofosbuvir is a powerful drug for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In comparison to preceding remedies, sofosbuvir-based regimens provide a higher cure rate, fewer side effects, and much lower duration of treatment. The aim of the work was to assess the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin with or without peginterferon-alfa in treatment of a cohort of Egyptian patients with hepatitis C virus infection. METHODS: Two hundred treatment naive patients who were HCV-antibody positive and HCV RNA by PCR positive aged more than 18 years were enrolled in the study and patients were classified into two groups: Group I which included 100 patients who received dual therapy with sofosbuvir plus oral weight based ribavirin and Group II which included 100 patients triple therapy with sofosbuvir plus oral weight based ribavirin (as with the dual therapy) and a 180 mcg Peg-INF alpha 2a subcutaneous injection weekly for 12 weeks...
April 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403799/descriptive-analysis-of-mortality-predictors-in-h1n1-influenza-in-south-indian-patients
#12
Kanav Khera, Ajit Singh, Girish Thunga, Jatin Agarwal, Shivanshu Awasthi, Jewel Maria Francis, Rama Bhat
BACKGROUND: H1N1 (hemagglutinin-H-neuroaminidase-N) influenza infection is associated with high morbidity and mortality because of associated complications and related factors. Predictors of mortality in H1N1 patients are studied with very few without seasonal/pandemic declaration. This study was carried out to describe the clinical features, complications and different risk factors that affect the outcome in the patients with confirmed H1N1influenza infection. METHODS: A retrospective study was done in Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal, India by analyzing the medical records of 141 patients admitted from January, 2011 to June, 2015...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356054/infectious-disorders-drug-targets-formerly-current-drug-targets-infectious-disorders
#13
Hourieh Alkadi, Rajwa Jbeily
Stereochemistry has been occupied a great role in manufacture and development of pharmaceuti-cals. Chiral properties play an important role in the determination of pharmacological actions of the drug. In recent years, there is a considerable interest in chiral separation to isolate and examine both enantiomers. This article provides an overview about the stereochemistry and its role in drugs, and also, offers approved isolation methods for enantiomeric pairs.
March 29, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317491/predictive-value-of-the-leukocyte-esterase-test-for-the-detection-of-pleocytosis-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#14
Shervin Shokouhi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Mehdi Karamipour, HasanAli Ahmadi, Mohammad M Sajadi
BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate diagnostic tests for patients with suspected bacterial meningitis is crucial to prevent subsequent mortality and morbidity. We carried out this study to determine diagnostic value of the rapid leukocyte esterase (LE) strip test to identify PMN pleocytosis in cerebral spinal fluid. METHODS: A total of 126 patients with suspected meningitis were enrolled in this prospective study. Microscopic examination (cell count and differential) and leukocyte esterase (LE) rapid strip test was performed on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples...
March 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228089/genotypic-characterization-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-spp-in-tertiary-center-iran
#15
Shervin Shokouhi, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Matin Rouhani, Mahdiyeh Ghasemnejad
BACKGROUND: Enterococci infection rate, mortality and morbidity has been increased in recent decades accompanied by progressive emerging antimicrobial resistance. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), important pathogen in hospitalized patients, have distinct antibiotic susceptibility to glycopeptides that varied genetically and can influence in choosing therapeutic agents. In this study, we aimed to determine the patterns of antimicrobial resistance according to the genotypic variations in VREs...
February 10, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164754/prevalence-of-adverse-drug-reactions-to-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-haart-among-hiv-positive-patients-in-imam-khomeini-hospital-of-tehran-iran
#16
Raheleh Golrokhy, Hamid Emadi Koochak, Azita Babaii, Alia Pourdast, Mehrnaz Rasoolinejad, Saeed Reza Jamali Moghadam, Reza Rezaei Taheri, Seyed Ahmad SeyedAlinaghi
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among HIV positive patients referred to Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study regarding side effects of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in HIV positive patients referred to Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) center in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Tehran, Iran during a period of the year 2009 to 2010. Two hundred patients under antiretroviral treatment evaluated for the side effects of drug based on available records, face to face interviews and written lab data...
January 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124602/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-pakistan
#17
Iftikhar Ali, Afaq Rahim, Muhammad Ijaz
The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a zoonotic disease transmitted by ticks and is characterized by fever and bleeding. It was seen for the first time in the south of present day Ukraine and thus named, Crimean fever. 1 In 1956, the virus was isolated in a patient with similar symptoms residing in Congo, Kenya and the virus was named Congo virus. The viruses causing these two diseases were the same and hence was termed Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). Humans are the only known host that develops disease...
January 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093970/evaluation-of-salivary-vitamin-c-and-catalase-in-hiv-positive-and-healthy-hiv-negative-control-group
#18
Fatemeh Ahmadi Motamayel, Samaneh Vaziri Amjad, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Jalal Poorolajal
BACKGROUND: Saliva is a complex oral biologic fluid from major and minor salivary glands. Saliva has immunological, enzymatic and antioxidant defense mechanisms. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is life threatening disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluation of salivary vitamin C and catalase level in HIV positive patients in comparison to healthy control group. METHOD: Forty nine HIV infected person and 49 healthy subjects were selected...
January 16, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088916/an-increasing-threat-in-an-iranian-referral-children-s-hospital-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii
#19
Setareh Mamishi, Reza Habibi, Babak Pourakbari, Shima Mahmoudi, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Mahmoud Khodabandeh
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen in the past decades. Due to the prevalence of A. baumannii across the world, suitable typing methods to investigate the epidemiological distribution of the organism have been developed. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and molecular diversity of A. baumannii strains isolated from nosocomial infections of hospitalized children in Children Medical Center Hospital (CMC), an Iranian referral hospital, in Tehran, Iran...
January 13, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079004/foodborne-giardiasis-is-there-any-relationship-between-food-handlers-and-transmission-of-giardia-duodenalis
#20
Molouk Beiromvand, Ehsanallah Mirrezaie, Somayeh Mirzavand
BACKGROUND: The foodborne diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the human communities. Giardia duodenalis, the causative agent of giardiasis, is one of the foodborne parasites, which has public health importance. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of G. duodenalis among food handlers in Andimeshk County, southwest of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken among 480 food handlers in 2015...
January 10, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
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