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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201960/hypoglycemia-and-glucocorticoid-free-immunosuppression-are-related-with-low-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-level
#1
Martina Zahradnicka, Frantisek Saudek, Kvetoslav Lipar, Jelena Skibova
BACKGROUND: Low dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels and a high cortisol/DHEAS ratio are associated with higher mortality in elderly, dialyzed, and immunocompromised patients. The role of these hormones in patients with hypoglycemia unawareness (hypo) or in pancreas or islet recipients treated by glucocorticoid-free immunosuppressive regimen (IS) has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of IS and of recurrent hypoglycemia on DHEAS and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels in patients with type-1 diabetes (T1DM)...
February 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176632/effect-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-as-a-supplement-or-enrichment-in-foods-on-blood-glucose-and-waist-circumference-in-humans-a-meta-analysis
#2
Ali Reza Rahbar, Afshin Ostvar, Seyedeh-Masomeh Derakhshandeh-Rishehri, Leila Janani, Amin Rahbar
BACKGROUND: Controversy persists regarding the effect of mixtures of conjugated linoleic acids (c9,t11- and t12,c10-CLA) in fasting blood glucose (FBG) and waist circumference (WC) in humans. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis is to explore the effect of CLA on FBG and WC. METHOD: PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Pro-Quest and Ovid were searched up to January 2015. Studies that examined the effect of CLA supplementation or foods enriched with CLA on FBG and WC in healthy adults were included...
February 7, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059033/independent-relationship-of-osteocalcin-circulating-levels-with-obesity-type-2-diabetes-hypertension-and-hdl-cholesterol
#3
Giovanni De Pergola, Vincenzo Triggiani, Nicola Bartolomeo, Adele Nardecchia, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Irene Bruno, Domenico Caccavo, Franco Silvestris
BACKGROUND: Osteocalcin, a protein synthesized by osteoblasts during the bone formation phase of bone remodeling, is used as a biomarker for the bone production process, and its serum levels are positively correlated with bone mineral density during treatment with anabolic bone drugs for osteoporosis. Higher fat mass has been shown to be a risk factor for osteoporosis and fragility fractures and body fat and bone interplay through several adipokines and bone-derived molecules, regulating bone remodeling, adipogenesis, body weight control, and glucose homeostasis...
January 6, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056741/synaptic-inputs-of-neural-afferent-pathways-to-vasopressin-and-oxytocin-secreting-neurons-of-supraoptic-and-paraventricular-hypothalamic-nuclei
#4
Michele Iovino, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Brunella Licchelli, Emanuela Iovino, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Vincenzo Triggiani
Magnocellular neurosecretory neurons of the hypothalamic supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei synthesize vasopressin and oxytocin in response to signals generated by osmoreceptors and baroreceptors and, respectively, coming from receptors of the nipples and cervix. These signals reach SON and PVN neurons via multisynaptic pathways involving several neurotransmitters and neuropeptides. Aim of this paper is the topographic description of particular afferent pathways involved in the regulation of VPergic and OTergic neurons and their synaptic inputs inducing the stimulus-secretion-coupling...
January 4, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017142/gliclazide-induced-insulin-autoimmune-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-and-review-on-literature
#5
Xiu Feng, Lu Yuan, Hu Yun, Yunqing Zhu, Fan Yang, Lanlan Jiang, Rengna Yan, Yong Luo, Enhui Zhao, Chenxiao Liu, Ying Wang, Qi Li, Xin Cao, Qian Li, Jianhua Ma
Insulin Autoimmune Syndrome (IAS) is a rare condition characterized by the combination of recurrent severely spontaneous hypoglycemia without evidence of exogenous insulin administration, high concentration of total serum insulin, and the presence of a high titer of insulin autoantibody (IAA)[ ]. But now we describe a case with IAS caused by gliclazide and hardly occuring hypoglycemia. A 70-year-old man with type 2 diabetes presented to our department with poor glycemic control without evidence of hypoglycemia, but the levels of serum insulin and IAA were very high...
December 23, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017141/rhinocerebral-zygomycosis-with-orosinusal-involvement-diagnostic-and-surgical-treatment-guidelines
#6
Giuseppe Giudice, Daniela Anna Cutrignelli, Pasquale Spportelli, Luisa Limongelli, Giuseppe Di Gioia, Luigi Santacroce, Eugenio Maiorano, Gianfranco Favia
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is a rare, rapidly progressive and potentially lethal disease almost exclusively affecting immunocompromised hosts or patients with metabolic disorders, such as poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. This work is aimed to describe five cases of rhinocerebral mucormycosis to review and possibly define diagnostic and surgical treatment guidelines. In all the patients, surgical debridement, systemic and local antifungal therapy, and oral rehabilitation using filling prostheses were performed...
December 23, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919218/a-glycemic-threshold-of-90-mg-dl-promotes-early-signs-of-atherosclerosis-in-apparetly-healthy-overweight-obese-subjects
#7
Marco Matteo Ciccone, Francesca Cortese, Michele Gesualdo, Ilaria Donvito, Santa Carbonara, Giovanni De Pergola
BACKGROUND: Alterations of glucose metabolism represent well known risk factors for the atherosclerotic process and then for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between fasting glucose and early signs of atherosclerosis, by means of carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT) in a population of apparently healthy overweight/obese subjects. In addition, we evaluated the possible existence of a glycemic threshold above which the risk of atherosclerosis significantly increases...
December 5, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908264/hypoxia-and-inflammation-in-prostate-cancer-progression-cross-talk-with-androgen-and-estrogen-receptors-and-cancer-stem-cells
#8
Matteo A Russo, Linda Ravenna, Laura Pellegrini, Elisa Petrangeli, Luisa Salvatori, Thea Magrone, Massimo Fini, Marco Tafani
Tumors are complex tissues in which transformed cells communicate with the surrounding microenvironment and evolve traits promoting their own survival and malignancy. Hypoxia and inflammation are constant characteristics of prostate tumor microenvironment influencing both cancer stem cells and differentiated tumor cells. HIFs and NF-kB are the key regulators of the transcriptional response to hypoxic and inflammatory stresses, respectively, and a crosstalk between HIFs and NF-kB pathways has been widely documented...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908263/prevalence-and-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-patients-with-pituitary-dysfunctions
#9
Birgit Harbeck, Sven Danneberg, Amir Hossein Rahvar, Heiner Mönig, Christian Stefan Haas
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypothalamic-pituitary disorders (HPD) may be of increased risk to develop overweight and obesity, thereby fostering cardiovascular events. However, it remains unclear if patients with pituitary dysfunctions per se have an increased risk of becoming obese. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate prevalence and to identify possible predictors of overweight and obesity in patients with pituitary dysfunctions. METHODS: A total of 121 out-patients having various causes for HPD were assessed for height and body weight; body mass index (BMI) was calculated and correlated with clinical features...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908262/sleep-alterations-in-non-demented-older-individuals-the-role-of-cortisol
#10
Ana Belén Castelló-Domenech, Vanessa Ibáñez Del Valle, Julio Fernández-Garrido, Mary Martínez-Martínez, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND: Sleep alterations can impair quality of life and contribute to disease progression but they, and their features and contributing factors, are rarely analysed in institutionalised older individuals. In this study we investigated sleep alterations, the factors involved, and the role of cortisol in sleep-related problems in institutionalised individuals. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in participants living in nursing homes in Valencia (Spain); sleep alterations were determined based on two validated tools: the Athens insomnia scale and Oviedo sleep questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829333/immune-status-in-children-with-beta-thalassemia-in-correlation-with-iron-overload-single-center-egyptian-study
#11
Adel Abd Elhaleim Hagag, Mohamed A Elgamsy, Hassan M El-Asy, Rasha M Gamal, Walid N Elshahaby, Enaam S Abd Elbar
BACKGROUND: 'Beta thalassemia is inherited hemoglobin disorder resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia that requires lifelong transfusion therapy'. 'Repeated blood transfusions and RBCs hemolysis are the main causes of iron overload', which in addition to immune abnormalities, are common predisposing factors to infection in patients with thalassemia. Aim of this work was to study immune status including T lymphocyte subsets and serum immunoglobulin levels 'in children with beta- thalassemia in correlation with iron overload'...
November 7, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809748/preventative-effect-of-vitamin-e-on-mast-cells-in-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-liver-damage
#12
Ayhan Eralp, Nur Yumusak Menguc, Elif Polat, Mehmet Yuncu, Mehmet Koruk, Serap Sergul Inaloz Demir, İbrahim Sarı
Preventing liver damage that might lead to cirrhosis is very important in the early stages of injury to that organ. The role of mast cells (MCs) in liver injuries has been long debated, and vitamin E is a well-known antioxidant used to treat those injuries. This study aimed to determine the protective role of vitamin E on MCs in injury to the liver that is triggered by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). There is a correlation between MC deposits and improvement in fibrosis tissues. To further examine this, 68 male Albino Wistar rats were divided randomly into five groups: the control group, the vitamin E group, the CCl4 group, the CCl4 + vitamin E group, and the vitamin E + CCl4 group...
October 29, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784231/effect-of-oral-methadone-on-ecg-characteristics-and-endocrine-hormonal-changes-and-their-inter-relationship
#13
Shokoufeh Bonakdaran, Mahdi Hassan Zadeh Daloee, Ali Akhoondpoor Manteghi, Mina Akbarirad, Abdollah Firoozi, Fatemeh Akbarirad
INTRODUCTION: Methadone is the most common opioid in use for opioid substitution therapy. The Relation of methadone and electrocardiographic findings is nearly well known while the relationship between its electrocardiographic indexes and hormonal changes are not well recognized. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hormonal changes in patients who are taking methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and its effects on electrocardiographic indexes, in comparison with healthy control groups...
October 26, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774884/peculiarities-of-the-clinical-course-of-oxidative-protein-and-lipid-modification-in-children-with-acute-rheumatic-fever
#14
Sandugash Dyussenova, Bibigul Tukbekova, Saule Kizatova, V Tattigul, Karlygash Zhubanysheva, Kulzia Zhaktaeva, Saida Sadvakassova, Gulmira Serikova, V Nazym, Aiman Issayeva
Purpose was to assess the status of protein and lipid oxidative metabolism as a pathogenic link of acute rheumatic fever by measuring markers of early lesion. The analysis of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant protection indicators revealed unidirectional changes that confirm significant cellular membrane lesion. In addition, the determined changes correlated with the activity level of the pathological process while comparing the indicators of ill children in remission and during exacerbation. It was found that despite the active traditional treatment in hospitals for in-patients, a number of studied indicators did not return to normal in remission...
October 19, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697072/morphometrical-and-morphological-alterations-of-human-leukocytes-exposed-to-1-8-ghz-electromagnetic-radiations-in-vitro-protective-effects-induced-by-polyphenols
#15
Emilio Jirillo, Thea Magrone
Our recent findings have demonstrated that electromagnetic radiations (EMR) (1.8 GHz radiofrequency) are able to in vitro induce morphometrical and morphological modifications of human leukocytes from normal donors. In view of the evidence that polyphenols exert many beneficial effects on plants, animals and humans, we reasoned that they may act as protective agents against EMR-mediated alterations of human leukocytes. In this direction, our data will show that 1 h pre-treatment of human healthy leukocytes with two polyphenol preparations from red grape before EMR exposure (1...
October 3, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697074/18f-fdg-pet-correlates-of-impulse-control-disorder-in-a-diabetic-patient
#16
Burak Yulug, Lutfu Hanoglu, Ahmet Mithat Tavli, Tansel Cakır, Elmir Khanmammadov, Oktay Olmuscelik
BACKGROUND: Studies have already shown that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance is significantly associated with the impairment of cerebral glucose metabolism that may secondary lead to cognitive disturbances. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the neurometabolic correlates of diabetes in a patient with Intermittent explosive disorder (IED). METHODS: We have investigated the cerebral glucose metabolism via 2-[18F]-fluoro-2- deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in a diabetic patient with aggressive outbursts...
September 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697073/cigarette-smoke-mediated-perturbations-of-the-immune-response-a-new-therapeutic-approach-with-natural-compounds
#17
Thea Magrone, Emilio Jirillo
Cigarette smoke (CS) accounts for the outcome of several pathologies, even including lung cancer, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Under healthy conditions, lung immune system becomes tolerant in response to various external stimuli. CS exposure alters the pulmonary immune equilibrium, thus leading to a condition of hyper activation of the local innate and adaptive immunity. COPD is one of the major complications of chronic CS exposure where a pro-inflammatory profile of the pulmonary and systemic immunity is predominant...
September 27, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577947/gut-microbiota-of-obese-type-2-diabetic-individuals-is-enriched-in-faecalibacterium-prausnitzii-akkermansia-muciniphila-and-peptostreptococcus-anaerobius-after-weight-loss
#18
Marlene Remely, Berit Hippe, Julia Zanner, Eva Aumueller, Helmuth Brath, Alexander G Haslberger
Beside the influence of nutritional habits and reduced physical activity, metabolic syndrome is associated with alterations in the structure of gut microbiota influencing the inflammatory immune responses. Gut microbiota and microbial metabolic activities are known to affect the lipid and glucose metabolism, satiety and chronic low-grade inflammation in the metabolic syndrome. The aim of the study was to identify genera or even species affecting host metabolism in obesity and type 2 diabetes beside the commonly used indicator: Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio...
August 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552982/health-threats-from-contamination-of-spices-commercialized-in-romania-risks-of-fungal-and-bacterial-infections
#19
Adrian Man, Anca Mare, Felicia Toma, Augustin Curticăpean, Luigi Santacroce
: The study of fungal contamination in food and mycotoxicoses is a priority today, both internationally and nationally. The purpose of this study is to have a general view over the quality of the most common spices that are sold in Romanian markets, by assessing the degree of fungal, bacterial and mycotoxin contamination in pepper and chili powders. METHODS: we tested four types of spices: white pepper, black pepper, sweet and hot chili powders from 12 different distributing companies, summing a total of 35 sample types...
August 23, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550319/para-nonylphenol-induces-apoptosis-of-u937-human-monocyte-leukemia-cells-in-vitro
#20
Kazuki Santa, Tomonori Ohsawa, Takehiko Sakimoto
Human autoimmune diseases are caused by a variety of factors, such as environmental chemicals, including para-nonylphenol. Macrophages play many critical roles in the regulation of immunity and the progression of autoimmune diseases. However, little information is available regarding the effects of para-nonylphenol on cellular signaling pathways and the death of these cells in vitro. Here, we show that very high concentrations of para-nonylphenol (50-100 µM) induce apoptosis in U937 human monocyte leukemia cells in a dose-dependent manner...
August 19, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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