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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820074/exploring-the-cardio-metabolic-relevance-of-t-cadherin-a-pleiotropic-adiponectin-receptor
#1
Jaime Lynn Clark, Carla Gwen Taylor, Peter Zahradka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: T cadherin is a unique member of the cadherin family and is primarily expressed in the cardiovascular system. T cadherin has not been abundantly studied, but the studies conducted to date have explored the impact of this protein on health and the function of organs involved in metabolic regulation. METHODS: This article examines the recent knowledge of the ligand partners for T cadherin and the potential contribution(s) of T-cadherin to cardio-metabolic function...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820075/t-regulatory-cell-subsets-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-relation-to-control-of-the-disease
#2
Mabrouk Ghonaim, Rawhia El-Edel, Wafaa Abo El Fotoh, Samar Kamal Eldein, Samar Salman
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus described as a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by aggressive immune β-cell destruction. There are numbers of varied immune mechanisms for sustaining self-tolerance in opposition to the autoimmune disorders. A recessive tolerance accomplished by thymic gland via a negative assortment of different clones while a dominant tolerance accomplished by the regulatory T cells (Treg) in the periphery. Treg (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+) are subsets of T cells which have an essential role in maintaining tolerance...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820073/immunomodulatory-role-of-arsenic-on-regulatory-t-cells
#3
Rizwanul Haque, Archana Chaudhary, Nadra Sadaf
Background and objective-Chronic Arsenic (As) exposure continued to be a cause of major problem associated with different kind of diseases including skin problem and different types of cancer. As exposure leads to numerous other pathological conditions that affect millions of people worldwide on a regular basis. It was recently established that As toxicity affects immune system and modulate the function and survival of cells involved in immune regulation. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) was reported to be an effective apoptosis inducer in a variety of cell types...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786350/impact-of-seasonality-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Eusebio Chiefari, Ida Pastore, Luigi Puccio, Patrizia Caroleo, Rosa Oliverio, Anna Vero, Daniela Patrizia Foti, Raffaella Vero, Antonio Brunetti
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major health concern that seems to be influenced by seasonality. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of seasonality on the incidence of GDM in an Italian population. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study of 5,473 pregnant women attending the Operative Unit of Diabetes, who underwent GDM screening by means of the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), during the period from August 2011 to December 2016...
August 8, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782467/current-and-under-development-treatment-modalities-of-psoriasis-a-review
#5
Abdul Albaghdadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic and complex autoimmune inflammatory skin disease that affects over 125 million people worldwide. It can exhibit at any age, in spite of the fact that children are less normally influenced than adults. It is characterized by distinct erythematous plaques shielded with conspicuous silvery scales that shows up in different areas of the skin. Knowledge of pathophysiology, especially the pathogenesis of psoriasis, has significantly progressed in the recent decade...
August 4, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707594/in-vitro-effects-of-nickel-on-healthy-non-allergic-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-the-role-of-red-grape-polyphenols
#6
Thea Magrone, Rosaria Salvatore, Anna Spagnoletta, Manrico Magrone, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo
BACKGROUND: Nickel (Ni) is widely distributed in the environment and continuous exposure to this metal may lead to pathological manifestations, such as the human allergic contact dermatitis. METHODS: The in vitro effects of Ni on human healthy non allergic peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the absence or presence of red grape polyphenols have been evaluated. In the culture supernatants, levels of cytokines have been determined by ELISA, while nitric oxide (NO) concentration has been evaluated by a colorimetric procedure...
July 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699485/change-in-serum-nampt-levels-and-its-significances-in-diabetic-nephropathy-patients
#7
Xiaoyu Ma, Li An, Qiuyue Wang
BACKGROUND: Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase(Nampt) has a variety of biological effects, which can participate in the development of inflammatory diseases, metabolism diseases and chronic kidney disease, et al. However, he role of Nampt in T2DM and DN are still controversial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in serum Nampt levels and its significance in diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHOD: A total of 321 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were divided into normal albuminuria group (NA, n=110), microalbuminuria group (MA, n=106) and large amount of albuminuria group (LA, n=105)...
July 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699484/immune-response-to-native-lipoproteins-induces-visceral-obesity-and-aortic-wall-injury-in-rats-the-role-of-testosterone
#8
Kseniya Fomina, Liubov Beduleva, Igor Menshikov, Marina Marina Anikaeva, Daria Suntsova, Alexandr Sidorov, Elena Stolyarova
OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanism of atherosclerosis and visceral obesity remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that atherosclerosis and visceral obesity are caused by an immune response to native plasma lipoproteins, and the atherogenic and adipogenic effects of the antibodies to native lipoproteins stem from the androgen deficiency that is created. METHODS: Wistar rats were immunized with native human (nh) low-density (LDL) or high-density lipoproteins (HDL)...
July 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675997/cold-induced-anaphylaxis-the-case-of-a-9-year-old-child-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Paolo Romita, Paola Mascia, Gianfranco Calogiuri, Caterina Foti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The present review investigated cold-induced anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs after exposure to cold stimuli and is characterized by respiratory distress and/or hypotension. Anaphylaxis is rarely associated to cold-induced urticarial (CU), a particular form of physical urticaria that is difficult to diagnose and manage. The incidence of cold-induced urticaria has been estimated at about 0.05%, higher in colder regions and in women; its pathological mechanisms are still unknown...
July 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641570/1h-post-load-blood-glucose-in-the-identification-of-proatherogenic-cardiometabolic-profile-in-obesity
#10
Djordje S Popovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Milena Mitrovic, Zeljko Zivanovic, Bojan Vukovic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Current data show that 1h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) blood glucose (1h-BG) might identify persons at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases more precisely than fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 2h OGTT blood glucose (2h-BG). The aim of study was to determine whether is justified to use 1h-BG, instead of traditional blood glucose measurements, in cardiometabolic profiling of obese individuals. METHOD: Cross-sectional study enrolled 60 obese individuals without previous history of diabetes and other cardiometabolic disorders...
June 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641569/a-review-on-defects-of-dendritic-cells-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#11
Laleh Sharifi, Naeimeh Tavakolinia, Fatemeh Kiaee, Nima Rezaei, Monireh Mohsenzadegan, Mansoureh Shariat, Reza Yazdani, Abbas Mirshafiey, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Gholamreza Azizi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most important primary that is associated with clinical complications including recurrent infections, malignancy and autoimmune diseases. The genetic cause of CVID is mostly unknown and only a few genetic causes are identified. The various options are proposed for determining the etiology of CVID patients, such as T- and B-cell defects, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) impairments, altered cytokine production as well as blemished dendritic cells (DCs)...
June 13, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606051/comparison-of-bone-mineral-density-in-common-variable-immunodeficiency-and-x-linked-agammaglobulinaemia-patients
#12
Ali Mohebbi, Gholamreza Azizi, Naeimeh Tavakolinia, Mehdi Karimipour, Fatemeh Kiaee, Reza Yazdani, Sareh Sadat Ebrahimi, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Vahid Ziaee, Hassan Abolhassani, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Farzaneh Abbasi, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Mehran Ebrahimi, Javad Tafaroji
BACKGROUND: Primary antibody deficiency (PAD) is the most common group of primary immunodeficiency disorders, resulting from different defects in development and function of B cell lineage. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) are two of the major types of PADs. Optimal growth and subsequently bone health could potentially compromise due to the interference of several factors in PAD with childhood onset. In the present study, our aim was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) of patients with CVID and XLA...
June 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595559/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-correlation-with-prolactin-levels-and-adenoma-size-in-female-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-prolactin-secreting-adenoma
#13
Mohamed M Aboelnaga, N Abdallah, M El Shaer
OBJECTIVE: The present research explored the relationship of vitamin D status with prolactin levels and adenoma size in female patients with newly diagnosed prolactinoma and determination of hypovitaminosis D prevalence among female patients with prolactinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 67 female patients with newly diagnosed prolactinoma (41 with micro adenoma and 26 with macro adenoma) in this case-control study at the time of presentation. We selected a Control Group of 45 female subjects who were matched according to age, weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference...
June 9, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558632/thyroglobulin-determination-in-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-washout-of-suspicious-lymph-nodes-in-thyroid-carcinoma-follow-up
#14
Gaetano Achille, Vito Michele Garrisi, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Antonio Tufaro, Vito Cafagna, Stefania Zizzi, Marilena Centrone, Giovanni Simone, Ines Abbate, Vincenzo Triggiani
BACKGROUND: Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) account for about 1% of all human malignancies. Cervical lymph nodes metastases and recurrences in the thyroid bed frequently occur. Furthermore, about 10-15% of patients develop distant metastases. Therefore, patients must undergo life-long follow-up. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Thyroglobulin measurement in FNAB washout (FNAB-Tg) in the detection of local metastasis in patients affected by or evaluated for thyroid cancer...
May 30, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472911/formulation-optimization-of-human-insulin-loaded-microspheres-for-controlled-oral-delivery-using-response-surface-methodology
#15
Gaurav Agrawal, Pravin Wakte, Santosh Shelke
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present investigation were to prepare recombinant human insulin entrapped Eudragit-S100 microspheres containing protease inhibitors and to precisely analyze the outcome of different formulation variables on the microspheres properties using a response surface methodology to develop an optimized formulation with desirable features. METHODS: A central composite design was employed to produce microspheres of therapeutic protein by w/o/w multiple emulsion solvent evaporation technique using Eudragit S-100 as coating material and polyvinyl alcohol as a stabilizer...
May 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440198/the-role-of-neutrophil-proteases-in-lps-induced-production-of-regulatory-rheumatoid-factor-that-suppresses-autoimmunity
#16
Elena Stolyarova, Liubov Beduleva, Alexandr Sidorov, Igor Menshikov, Alexey Terentiev, Kseniya Vachrusheva
BACKGROUND: We recently identified a regulatory rheumatoid factor (regRF), the production of which is associated with autoimmune disease resistance and remission. In studies of regRF in the blood of healthy rats, spontaneous increases in the regRF level were noted. We suggest that in the normal state, a mechanism exists for maintaining the activity of the pool of regRF-producing lymphocytes at a level that makes it possible to control the expansion of autoreactive lymphocytes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the endogenous stimulator of regRF production is Fc fragments of IgG that are formed upon exposure to the proteases of neutrophils...
April 24, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440200/effect-of-halofuginone-on-the-pathogenesis-of-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-in-different-mice-models
#17
Xin Hou, Jin Zhou, Rong Yang, Shanshan Liu, Mei Bi, Tong Liu, Chenling Fan, Haixia Guan, Yushu Li, Zhongyan Shan, Weiping Teng
OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to investigate the therapeutic effect of halofuginone (HF) in the treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) and explore its underlying mechanism of action. METHODS: The Graves' disease (GD) model was generated by immunizing female BALB/c mice with adenovirus expressing the TSH receptor A subunit (Ad-TSHR289). The Ad-TSHRA+HF and Ad-TSHRA+DMSO groups were injected intraperitoneally with HF or the vehicle control (DMSO), respectively...
April 23, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440199/anti-hyperglycemic-agents-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-role-in-cardioprotection-during-the-last-decade
#18
Duygu Kocyigit, Kadri Murat Gurses, Muhammed Ulvi Yalcin, Lale Tokgozoglu
Type 2 diabetic patients are known to have a tendency to develop cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD), and related unfavourable outcomes such as heart failure, myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular events (eg. stroke), and related mortality. Long- term clinical trials have revealed contradictory findings regarding the relationship between glycemic control and CV benefits due to variations in the key characteristics of the study population. During the last decade, number of pharmacological agents used for glucose- lowering in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased owing to the introduction of dipeptidyl peptidase- IV (DPP- IV) inhibitors, glucagon- like peptide- 1 (GLP- 1) receptor agonists, and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT- 2) inhibitors...
April 23, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440197/hyperprolactinemia-induced-by-antipsychotics-from-diagnosis-to-treatment-approach
#19
Walter Milano, Chiara Colletti, Anna Capasso
Schizophrenia is one of the most severe psychiatric diseases with a significant impact on the psychosocial functioning of the patients. People with schizophrenia are at risk to die prematurely because of their illness with their poor lifestyle contributing to the excess morbidity and higher mortality rate. In particular, lifestyle (e.g. poor diet, low rates of physical activity and increased likelihood to smoke cigarettes) predisposes them to poor physical health and comorbid medical diseases. In addition, the treatment of schizophrenia usually involves the long-term administration of antipsychotic drugs and some of these medications are implicated in the increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular effects...
April 23, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427246/nanotechnology-and-diabetic-wound-healing-a-review
#20
Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Yap Yenese, Chew Chian Wei, Gaurav Gupta
The incidence of diabetes has been on the rise and the rate of rise since the turn of this century has been phenomenal. One of the various battling issues faced by diabetics all over the globe is the management of diabetic wounds. Currently there are several management strategies to deal with the treatment of diabetic wounds. The conventional methods have several limitations. One of the major limitations is the rate and progression of healing of a diabetic wound when adopting a conventional diabetic wound management therapy...
April 21, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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