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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982344/retraction-ankylosing-spondylitis-among-familial-mediterranean-fever-patients
#1
(no author information available yet)
This paper is under revision and has not been accepted yet.
October 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982343/study-of-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-5-years-retrospective-egyptian-study
#2
Adel Abd Elhaleim Hagag, Ibrahim M Badraia, Mohamed S Elfarargy, Mohamed M Abd Elmageed, Ehab A Abo-Ali
BACKGROUND: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide that causes a spectrum of diseases including neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, acute and chronic hemolysis after exposure to an oxidative stress. AIM OF THE WORK: This five years retrospective study was carried out to study the demographic, clinical and laboratory data of 1000 patients with G6PD deficiency anemia registered in Hematology Unit, Pediatric Department, Tanta University Hospital...
October 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982342/in-vitro-effects-of-polyphenols-on-the-peripheral-immune-responses-in-nickel-sensitized-patients
#3
Thea Magrone, Paolo Romita, Pietro Verni, Rosaria Salvatore, Anna Spagnoletta, Manrico Magrone, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo, Caterina Foti
BACKGROUND: Nickel (Ni) is a metal largely present in the environment and prolonged exposure to it may lead to multiple pathological conditions in human subjects. Among these, the most frequent is allergic contact dermatitis. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 25 patients with Ni-dependent contact dermatitis were evaluated in terms of cytokine release and nitric oxide (NO) production in the presence or absence of two doses (3 and 5 μg, respectively) of polyphenols...
October 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982341/gastrin-a-potential-predictor-of-response-to-incretin-therapy-in-diabetes-type-2-patients
#4
Ines Bilic-Curcic, Maja Cigrovski Berkovic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Personalized management of diabetes has become an imperative since majority of monotherapy fails within 3 years of its use. Identifying responders from non-responders for a certain type of therapy would reduce a period of unsuccessful treatment and minimize health care costs. Incretin therapies, mainly glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are relatively new glucose-lowering agents which increase insulin and lower glucagon response as well as slow down glucose absorption by acting on gastric emptying...
October 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933306/diet-bioactive-compounds-implications-for-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-vascular-system
#5
Morena Gabriele, Laura Pucci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has demonstrated that dietary products and their active components are independently or jointly responsible for the apparent reduction of the cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) risk. DISCUSSION: Nowadays, there is a growing attention in the use of nutraceuticals as a new approach for the prevention and management of many diseases, as well as for controlling rising of chronic illnesses with minimal side effects. Food-derived peptides, as well as peptide-rich protein hydrolysates, represent new and valuable tools for the prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, acting as modulators of oxidative stress, inflammation, and overactivity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS)...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925898/gh-supplementation-effects-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-gh-deficient-adult-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Vito Angelo Giagulli, Marco Castellana, Raffaella Perrone, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Massimo Iacoviello, Vincenzo Triggiani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The current meta-analysis aims at evaluating whether the existing clinical evidence may ascertain the effects of growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy on cardiovascular risk, both in isolated GH deficiency (GHD) and in compensated panhypopituitarism including GH deficit. METHOD: Original articles published from 1991 to 2015 were searched on Medline (Pubmed). Among an overall number of 181 potentially suitable studies, 24 fulfilled the selection criteria and were included in the analysis...
September 19, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925897/role-of-apoptosis-in-the-pathogenesis-of-common-variable-immunodeficiency-cvid
#7
Mazdak Ganjalikhani-Hakemi, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Esmaeili, Hassan Abolhassani, Wiliam Rae, Gholamreza Azizi, Majid Zaki Dizaji, Mohammadreza Shaghaghi, Faezeh Abbasi-Rad, Abbas Rezaei, Sanaz Afshar-Qasemloo, Saeed Mohammadi, Nima Rezaei, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous immune deficiency characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia. Since B cell maturation and differentiation is defective in this disorder, we evaluated apoptosis in B cells of patients with CVID compared with healthy donors (HD). METHODS: Determination of peripheral blood B-cell subsets in CVID and HDs, was performed using flow cytometry. We compared total apoptosis, early apoptosis and late apoptosis/necrosis in unstimulated and stimulated B-cells of patients with CVID and HDs...
September 19, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925899/effect-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-adt-on-bone-health-status-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#8
Nur Vaizura Mohamad, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman, Kok Yong Chin
Backgraoung and Objective: Prostate cancer is the most prevalent non-cutaneous cancer in men, which causes significant mortality among the patients. Since prostate cancer cells are stimulated by androgen, effective androgen ablation in men is one of the essential strategies in the management of prostate cancer. DISCUSSION: Several treatment options are available for different stages of prostate cancer. Hormone therapy known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the first line treatment used to treat advanced prostate cancer...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901866/a-novel-potential-reproductive-effects-of-pterocarpus-marsupium-methanolic-extract-on-testosterone-propionate-induced-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-female-albino-rats
#9
Aruna Lingappa Hugar, Amarvani P Kanjikar, Ramesh L Londonkar
Objective To investigate potential reproductive effects of Pterocarpus marsupium methanolic extract on testosterone propionate induced Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in female albino rats. Methodology PCOS was induced in female albino rats by daily injecting testosterone propionate for 15 days intraperitoneally. Animals are divided into five groups with six rats per group. Group 1: Control group received olive oil, Group 2: Testosterone propionate+natural recovery, Group 3: Testosterone propionate + a dose of clomiphene citrate (standard), Group 4 and 5: Testosterone propionate + low dose (200mg/kg) and high dose (400mg/kg) b...
September 12, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901865/penile-and-testicular-measurements-in-male-neonates-and-infants-single-center-egyptian-study
#10
Adel A Hagag, Adel A Erfan, Shaymaa M Elrifaey, Rasha M Gamal, Ahmed I Harakan
BACKGROUND: Universal reference values of penile length, circumferences and testicular volume in newborns and infants are inappropriate to be used in variable ethnic backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to establish normal reference values for stretched penile length, penile circumference and testicular volume for Egyptian newborn and infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study included 1850 healthy male full term newborn and infants applied for routine check-up, aged 0 -24 months, the newborn and infants were recruited from Tanta University Hospital in the period from July 2015 to January 2017...
September 12, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901864/prenatal-stress-enhances-susceptibility-to-allergic-diseases-of-offspring
#11
Maria Moustaki, Sophia Tsabouri, Kostas Priftis, Konstantinos Douros
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal prenatal stress (MPS) may result in a range of long-term consequences in the offspring among which is susceptibility to allergic diseases. This review presents the current knowledge on the pathways through which MPS may affect the fetus, and the existing evidence regarding the association between MPS and development of allergy in the offspring. RESULT AND DISCUSSION: A pivotal mediator triggered in response to stress is the release of glucocorticoids (GC)...
September 12, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901863/tissue-fatty-acid-profile-is-differently-modulated-from-olive-oil-and-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-apcmin-mice
#12
Valeria Tutino, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Giampiero De Leonardis, Valentina De Nunzio, Maria Notarnicola
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid profile can be consideredan appropriate biomarker for investigating the relations between the patterns of fatty acid metabolism and specific diseases, ascancer, cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to test the effects of diets enriched with olive oil and omega-3Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) on fatty acid profile in intestinal tissue of ApcMin/+ mice. METHOD: Three groups of animals were considered: control group, receiving a standard diet; olive oilgroup, receiving a standard diet enriched with olive oil; omega-3 group, receiving a standard diet enriched with salmon fish...
September 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847265/in-silico-modeling-of-crabtree-effect
#13
Debraj Ghosh, Rajat K De
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Glycolytic activity during Crabtree effect is similar to that in tumor cells. Research regarding Crabtree effect is very much crucial. METHODS: The mechanism of metabolic activities in glycolysis pathway and oxidative phosphorylation pathway in regards to Crabtree effect in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied in this paper. We also explored the effects of hexose phosphates in the activities of respiratory chain complexes (III and IV) in inhibition of respiration...
August 27, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847266/independent-relationship-between-serum-osteocalcin-and-uric-acid-in-a-cohort-of-apparently-healthy-obese-subjects
#14
Giovanni De Pergola, Vito Angelo Giagulli, Nicola Bartolomeo, Federica Gaeta, Antonella Petruzzella, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Vincenzo Triggiani, Franco Silvestris
Background It is generally accepted that serum osteocalcin (OC) is a reliable marker of bone formation, while the role of serum uric acid (UA) in bone metabolism is still debated. However, recent studies have shown that endogenous UA within the normal range may exert a positive effect in bone formation by means of its antioxidant role in both sexes. To date, no studies have been carried out in obese subjects aiming to study the relationship between serum OC and UA, given that obesity is considered as a risk factor for osteoporosis and fracture and, at the same time, for cardiovascular events...
August 25, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820074/exploring-the-cardio-metabolic-relevance-of-t-cadherin-a-pleiotropic-adiponectin-receptor
#15
Jaime Lynn Clark, Carla Gwen Taylor, Peter Zahradka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: T cadherin is a unique member of the cadherin family and is primarily expressed in the cardiovascular system. T cadherin has not been abundantly studied, but the studies conducted to date have explored the impact of this protein on health and the function of organs involved in metabolic regulation. METHODS: This article examines the recent knowledge of the ligand partners for T cadherin and the potential contribution(s) of T-cadherin to cardio-metabolic function...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820075/t-regulatory-cell-subsets-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-relation-to-control-of-the-disease
#16
Mabrouk Ghonaim, Rawhia El-Edel, Wafaa Abo El Fotoh, Samar Kamal Eldein, Samar Salman
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus described as a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by aggressive immune β-cell destruction. There are numbers of varied immune mechanisms for sustaining self-tolerance in opposition to the autoimmune disorders. A recessive tolerance accomplished by thymic gland via a negative assortment of different clones while a dominant tolerance accomplished by the regulatory T cells (Treg) in the periphery. Treg (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+) are subsets of T cells which have an essential role in maintaining tolerance...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820073/immunomodulatory-role-of-arsenic-on-regulatory-t-cells
#17
Rizwanul Haque, Archana Chaudhary, Nadra Sadaf
Background and objective-Chronic Arsenic (As) exposure continued to be a cause of major problem associated with different kind of diseases including skin problem and different types of cancer. As exposure leads to numerous other pathological conditions that affect millions of people worldwide on a regular basis. It was recently established that As toxicity affects immune system and modulate the function and survival of cells involved in immune regulation. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) was reported to be an effective apoptosis inducer in a variety of cell types...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786350/impact-of-seasonality-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Eusebio Chiefari, Ida Pastore, Luigi Puccio, Patrizia Caroleo, Rosa Oliverio, Anna Vero, Daniela Patrizia Foti, Raffaella Vero, Antonio Brunetti
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major health concern that seems to be influenced by seasonality. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of seasonality on the incidence of GDM in an Italian population. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study of 5,473 pregnant women attending the Operative Unit of Diabetes, who underwent GDM screening by means of the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), during the period from August 2011 to December 2016...
August 8, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782467/current-and-under-development-treatment-modalities-of-psoriasis-a-review
#19
Abdul Albaghdadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic and complex autoimmune inflammatory skin disease that affects over 125 million people worldwide. It can exhibit at any age, in spite of the fact that children are less normally influenced than adults. It is characterized by distinct erythematous plaques shielded with conspicuous silvery scales that shows up in different areas of the skin. Knowledge of pathophysiology, especially the pathogenesis of psoriasis, has significantly progressed in the recent decade...
August 4, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427246/nanotechnology-and-diabetic-wound-healing-a-review
#20
Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Yap Yenese, Chew Chian Wei, Gaurav Gupta
Background and Objective: The incidence of diabetes has been on the rise and the rate of rise since the turn of this century has been phenomenal. One of the various battling issues faced by diabetics all over the globe is the management of diabetic wounds. Currently, there are several management strategies to deal with the treatment of diabetic wounds. The conventional methods have several limitations. One of the major limitations is the rate and progression of healing of a diabetic wound when adopting a conventional diabetic wound management therapy...
September 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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