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CBE Life Sciences Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496677/correction-for-collectively-improving-our-teaching-attempting-biology-department-wide-professional-development-in-scientific-teaching
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496676/language-matters-considering-microaggressions-in-science
#2
Colin Harrison, Kimberly D Tanner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496675/helping-practitioners-and-researchers-identify-and-use-education-research-literature
#3
Kristy J Wilson, Cynthia J Brame
Evidence-based teaching practices are being encouraged to increase student skills and understanding in the sciences. Finding, interpreting, and applying education literature to a specific context are barriers to adopting these evidence-based practices. Here, we introduce a new feature, Evidence-Based Teaching Guides This feature identifies literature associated with specific pedagogies, which we distill to practical recommendations for teaching. The goals of the feature are: to provide instructors with tools to make research-supported choices to implement the pedagogy in question, to articulate the reasons for their choices, and to develop increased awareness of biology education research...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449270/internship-experiences-contribute-to-confident-career-decision-making-for-doctoral-students-in-the-life-sciences
#4
Alexandra M Schnoes, Anne Caliendo, Janice Morand, Teresa Dillinger, Michelle Naffziger-Hirsch, Bruce Moses, Jeffery C Gibeling, Keith R Yamamoto, Bill Lindstaedt, Richard McGee, Theresa C O'Brien
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we present outcome data for a total of 217 PhD students participating in the UCSF and UC Davis programs from 2010 to 2015 and 2014 to 2015, respectively. The internship programs at the two sites demonstrated comparable participation, internship completion rates, and overall outcomes...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449269/%C3%A4-whina-revolution-a-bayesian-analysis-of-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-completion-rates-from-a-program-for-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-success-in-stem-disciplines
#5
Ken Richardson, Zaramasina Clark, Michael Gaines, Hautahi Kingi, Sonja Miller, Willie Pearson, Liz Richardson
Māori and Pacific students generally do not attain the same levels of tertiary success as New Zealanders of European descent, particularly in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects. Te Rōpū Āwhina (Āwhina), an equity initiative at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand between 1999 and 2015, aimed to produce Māori and Pacific professionals in STEM disciplines who contribute to Māori and Pacific community development and leadership. A hierarchical Bayesian approach was used to estimate posterior standardized completion rates for 3-year undergraduate and 2-year postgraduate degrees undertaken by non-Māori-Pacific and Māori-Pacific students...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440074/the-effects-of-doctoral-teaching-development-on-early-career-stem-scholars-college-teaching-self-efficacy
#6
Mark R Connolly, You-Geon Lee, Julia N Savoy
To help prepare future faculty in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to teach undergraduates, more research universities are offering teaching development (TD) programs to doctoral students who aspire to academic careers. Using social cognitive career theory, we examine the effects of TD programs on early-career STEM scholars' sense of self-efficacy as postsecondary teachers. In 2011, a survey questionnaire was administered to 2156 people who in 2009 were doctoral students in STEM departments at three U...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440073/how-four-scientists-integrate-thermodynamic-and-kinetic-theory-context-analogies-and-methods-in-protein-folding-and-dynamics-research-implications-for-biochemistry-instruction
#7
Kathleen A Jeffery, Nancy Pelaez, Trevor R Anderson
To keep biochemistry instruction current and relevant, it is crucial to expose students to cutting-edge scientific research and how experts reason about processes governed by thermodynamics and kinetics such as protein folding and dynamics. This study focuses on how experts explain their research into this topic with the intention of informing instruction. Previous research has modeled how expert biologists incorporate research methods, social or biological context, and analogies when they talk about their research on mechanisms...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440072/alternative-perspectives-on-students-reasoning-about-emergent-processes
#8
Julia Gouvea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420184/teacher-knowledge-for-active-learning-instruction-expert-novice-comparison-reveals-differences
#9
A J Auerbach, M Higgins, P Brickman, T C Andrews
Active-learning strategies can improve science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) undergraduates' abilities to learn fundamental concepts and skills. However, the results instructors achieve vary substantially. One explanation for this is that instructors commonly implement active learning differently than intended. An important factor affecting how instructors implement active learning is knowledge of teaching and learning. We aimed to discover knowledge that is important to effective active learning in large undergraduate courses...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420183/moving-evolution-education-forward-a-systematic-analysis-of-literature-to-identify-gaps-in-collective-knowledge-for-teaching
#10
M A Ziadie, T C Andrews
Evolution is a unifying theory in biology and is challenging for undergraduates to learn. An instructor's ability to help students learn is influenced by pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), which is topic-specific knowledge of teaching and learning. Instructors need PCK for every topic they teach, which is a tremendous body of knowledge to develop alone. However, investigations of undergraduate thinking and learning have produced collective PCK that is available in peer-reviewed literature. Currently, it is unclear whether the collective PCK available adequately addresses the topics in evolution that college instructors teach...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378752/benefit-cost-analysis-of-undergraduate-education-programs-an-example-analysis-of-the-freshman-research-initiative
#11
Rebecca L Walcott, Phaedra S Corso, Stacia E Rodenbusch, Erin L Dolan
Institutions and administrators regularly have to make difficult choices about how best to invest resources to serve students. Yet economic evaluation, or the systematic analysis of the relationship between costs and outcomes of a program or policy, is relatively uncommon in higher education. This type of evaluation can be an important tool for decision makers considering questions of resource allocation. Our purpose with this essay is to describe methods for conducting one type of economic evaluation, a benefit-cost analysis (BCA), using an example of an existing undergraduate education program, the Freshman Research Initiative (FRI) at the University of Texas Austin...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378751/scientific-presenting-using-evidence-based-classroom-practices-to-deliver-effective-conference-presentations
#12
Lisa A Corwin, Amy Prunuske, Shannon B Seidel
Scientists and educators travel great distances, spend significant time, and dedicate substantial financial resources to present at conferences. This highlights the value placed on conference interactions. Despite the importance of conferences, very little has been studied about what is learned from the presentations and how presenters can effectively achieve their goals. This essay identifies several challenges presenters face when giving conference presentations and discusses how presenters can use the tenets of scientific teaching to meet these challenges...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378750/trust-growth-mindset-and-student-commitment-to-active-learning-in-a-college-science-course
#13
Andrew J Cavanagh, Xinnian Chen, Meghan Bathgate, Jennifer Frederick, David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham
There is growing consensus regarding the effectiveness of active-learning pedagogies in college science courses. Less is known about ways that student-level factors contribute to positive outcomes in these contexts. The present study examines students' (N = 245) trust in the instructor-defined as perceptions of their instructor's understanding, acceptance, and care-and students' attitudes toward learning within an anatomy and physiology course featuring active learning. Analyses indicate that student trust of instructor and students' views of their own intelligence are both associated with student commitment to, and engagement in, active learning...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378749/group-work
#14
Kristy J Wilson, Peggy Brickman, Cynthia J Brame
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty are increasingly incorporating both formal and informal group work in their courses. Implementing group work can be improved by an understanding of the extensive body of educational research studies on this topic. This essay describes an online, evidence-based teaching guide published by CBE-Life Sciences Education (LSE). The guide provides a tour of research studies and resources related to group work (including many articles from LSE). Instructors who are new to group work, as well as instructors who have experienced difficulties in implementing group work, may value the condensed summaries of key research findings...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351912/a-longitudinal-study-of-how-quality-mentorship-and-research-experience-integrate-underrepresented-minorities-into-stem-careers
#15
Mica Estrada, Paul R Hernandez, P Wesley Schultz
African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans are historically underrepresented minorities (URMs) among science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degree earners. Viewed from a perspective of social influence, this pattern suggests that URMs do not integrate into the STEM academic community at the same rate as non-URM students. Estrada and colleagues recently showed that Kelman's tripartite integration model of social influence (TIMSI) predicted URM persistence into science fields. In this paper, we longitudinally examine the integration of URMs into the STEM community by using growth-curve analyses to measure the development of TIMIS's key variables (science efficacy, identity, and values) from junior year through the postbaccalaureate year...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351911/does-context-matter-convergent-and-divergent-findings-in-the-cross-institutional-evaluation-of-graduate-teaching-assistant-professional-development-programs
#16
Todd D Reeves, Laura E Hake, Xinnian Chen, Jennifer Frederick, Kristin Rudenga, Larry H Ludlow, Clare M O'Connor
Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) play important instructional roles in introductory science courses, yet they often have little training in pedagogy. The most common form of teaching professional development (PD) for GTAs is a presemester workshop held at the course, department, or college level. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of presemester workshops at three northeastern research universities, each of which incorporated scientific teaching as the pedagogical content framework. The comparison of GTA PD program outcomes at three different institutions is intended to test theoretical assertions about the key role of contextual factors in GTA PD efficacy...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351910/visual-literacy-in-bloom-using-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-support-visual-learning-skills
#17
Jessie B Arneson, Erika G Offerdahl
Vision and Change identifies science communication as one of the core competencies in undergraduate biology. Visual representations are an integral part of science communication, allowing ideas to be shared among and between scientists and the public. As such, development of scientific visual literacy should be a desired outcome of undergraduate instruction. We developed the Visualization Blooming Tool (VBT), an adaptation of Bloom's taxonomy specifically focused on visual representations, to aid instructors in designing instruction and assessments to target scientific visual literacy in undergraduate instruction...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351908/enhancing-conceptual-knowledge-of-energy-in-biology-with-incorrect-representations
#18
Ulrike Wernecke, Kerstin Schütte, Julia Schwanewedel, Ute Harms
Energy is an important concept in all natural sciences, and a challenging one for school science education. Students' conceptual knowledge of energy is often low, and they entertain misconceptions. Educational research in science and mathematics suggests that learning through depictive representations and learning from errors, based on the theory of negative knowledge, can potentially foster students' knowledge of abstract concepts such as energy. Thus, we propose here an instructional approach that combines these two strategies to foster conceptual knowledge of energy...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351907/energy-connections-and-misconnections-across-chemistry-and-biology
#19
Kathryn P Kohn, Sonia M Underwood, Melanie M Cooper
Despite the number of university students who take courses in multiple science disciplines, little is known about how they connect concepts between disciplines. Energy is a concept that underlies all scientific phenomena and, as such, provides an appropriate context in which to investigate student connections and misconnections across disciplines. In this study, university students concurrently enrolled in introductory chemistry and biology were interviewed to explore their perceptions of the integration of energy both within and across the disciplines, and how they attempted to accommodate and reconcile different disciplinary approaches to energy, to inform future, interdisciplinary course reform...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326103/understanding-the-complex-relationship-between-critical-thinking-and-science-reasoning-among-undergraduate-thesis-writers
#20
Jason E Dowd, Robert J Thompson, Leslie A Schiff, Julie A Reynolds
Developing critical-thinking and scientific reasoning skills are core learning objectives of science education, but little empirical evidence exists regarding the interrelationships between these constructs. Writing effectively fosters students' development of these constructs, and it offers a unique window into studying how they relate. In this study of undergraduate thesis writing in biology at two universities, we examine how scientific reasoning exhibited in writing (assessed using the Biology Thesis Assessment Protocol) relates to general and specific critical-thinking skills (assessed using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test), and we consider implications for instruction...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
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