journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552062/discovery-of-chromen-7-yl-furan-2-carboxylate-as-a-potent-and-selective-factor-xia-inhibitor
#1
Rami Al-Horani, Ahmad J Obaidullah
Direct inhibition of coagulation factor XIa (FXIa) carries a significant promise for developing effective and safe anticoagulants. In this report, we studied 4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl furan-2-carboxylate 1, a coumarin derivative, for direct FXIa inhibition. This small molecule was found to inhibit FXIa with an IC50 value of 0.77 μM. Coumarin 1 also displayed a moderate-to-high selectivity for FXIa inhibition over other coagulation, digestive, and fibrinolysis serine proteases. Coumarin 1 selectively doubled APTT of human plasma at a concentration of 72 μM...
May 28, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552061/polypharmacy-in-cardiovascular-medicine-problems-and-promises
#2
Mehran Abolbashari, Tracy E Macaulay, Thomas F Whayne, Debabrata Mukherjee, Sibu Saha
Polypharmacy is now a frequent aspect and reality of current medicine practice, driven by managing multiple comorbidities, especially in older adults. However and unfortunately, polypharmacy can expose patients to adverse drug reactions, and drug-drug or drug-disease interactions. On the other hand, clinicians are often hesitant to add new drugs to complex regimens even when recommended by evidence-based medicine and guidelines. In addition, there is frequently a failure to assess which medications might not be beneficial and may therefore be stopped...
May 28, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552060/thiopurine-s-methyltransferase-as-a-pharmacogenetic-biomarker-significance-of-testing-and-review-of-major-methods
#3
Chingiz Asadov, Gunay Aliyeva, Kamala Mustafayeva
Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) enzyme metabolizes thiopurine drugs which are widely used in various disciplines as well as in leukemias. Individual enzyme activity varies depending on the genetic polymorphisms of TPMT gene located at chromosome 6. Up to 14% of population is known to have a decreased enzyme activity, and if treated with standard doses of thiopurines, these individuals are at the high risk of severe adverse drug reactions (ADR) as myelosuppression, gastrointestinal intolerance, pancreatitis and hypersensitivity...
May 28, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164751/pernicious-anemia-fundamental-and-practical-aspects-in-diagnosis
#4
Aung Myint Tun, Kyaw Zin Thein, Zin War Myint, Thein Hlaing Oo
Pernicious anemia (PA), the most common cause of cobalamin deficiency anemia worldwide, is an autoimmune disease of multifactorial etiologies involving complex environmental and immunological factors. Although it was first reported by Addison in 1849 with subsequent advances in understanding of pathogenesis and molecular biology, diagnosis of pernicious anemia is still challenging for clinicians because of its complexity and diverse clinical presentations. Herein, we provide an overview of PA, mainly focusing on its scientific and practical aspects in diagnosis...
February 3, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137223/anti-angiogenic-drugs-vascular-toxicity-and-thromboembolism-in-solid-cancer
#5
Silvia Riondino, Girolamo Del Monte, Federica Fratangeli, Fiorella Guadagni, Mario Roselli, Patrizia Ferroni
Neo-angiogenesis, a key step in cancer progression, is a highly regulated process, in which vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a fundamental role, thus representing the most suitable anti-angiogenic target. In the last years, a number of anti-VEGF drugs have been developed and approved for therapeutic use, especially in combination with standard chemotherapy. VEGF, however, is not only crucial for physiological and pathological angiogenesis, but also for maintenance of vascular homeostasis, at a point that its pharmacological blockade may lead to endothelial dysfunction and adverse vascular effects, such as venous thromboembolism...
January 26, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889993/experimental-theoretical-and-biological-activity-of-a-triazonine-derivative-on-left-ventricular-pressure
#6
Lauro Figueroa-Valverde, Maria Lopez-Ramos, Marcela Rosas-Nexticapa, Socorro Herrera-Meza, Francisco Diaz-Cedillo, Elodia Garcia-Cervera, Eduardo Pool-Gomez, Tania Garcia-Camacho, Angel Aguilar-Villarino
BACKGROUND: There are data indicating that several azonine-derivatives may exert effects on some biological systems; however, there is very low information on the biological activity induced by these compounds on left ventricular pressure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize and evaluate the biological activity of new triazoninederivative on left ventricular pressure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first stage involved: 1) preparation of two azepine-benzamide derivatives (Z or E) by reaction of the nitrobenzoyl azide with adrenosterone; and 2) reaction of (Z)-azepine-benzamide derivative with ethylenediamine to form the triazonine derivative...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823551/in-vitro-thrombolytic-potential-of-actinoprotease-from-marine-streptomyces-violaceus-vitygm
#7
V Mohanasrinivasan, S Yogesh, A Govindaraj, S Jemimah Naine, C Subathra Devi
Back ground: One of the most prevailing diseases that required effective drug as therapeutic purposes is cardiac related illness includes myocardial infarction Current scenario makes enzyme to raises their sector towards therapeutic as effective active component for such diseases. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to isolate, screen, characterize and produce an extracellular thrombolytic protease from marine actinomycetes. METHODS: Marine actinomycete was isolated and characterized on the basis of morphological, biochemical, and molecular characterization...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470008/proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-impact-of-pcsk9-on-major-adverse-cardiac-and-cerebrovascular-events
#8
Muharrem Akin, Thomas Skripuletz, L Christian Napp, Dominik Berliner, Ibrahim Akin, Arash Haghikia, Elvan Akin, Johann Bauersachs
Statins are the most widely prescribed drugs to reduce serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. LDL-C reduction is associated with a decreased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), including cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke. Statins reduce LDL-C by 30 to 40%, and the combination with other lipid-lowering agents such as ezetimibe leads to a further reduction by 20 to 25%. However, even the combination of these two agents might not be sufficient in high risk patients to require aggressive LDL-C reduction...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292011/at-home-application-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-as-treatment-for-pressure-sore-and-related-anemia
#9
Andrea Tendas, Pasquale Niscola, Marco Giovannini, Adriana Costa, Daniela Venditti, Laura Volta, Luigi Malandruccolo, Stefania Sabbadini, Rosa Lasorella, Paolo de Fabritiis, Rita Cassetta, Alessio P Perrotti
Pressure sores are a major complication in the bed-ridden older patient. In this report, we present the case of platelet rich plasma (PRP) application for the treatment of a pressure sore in an 88-year-old female affected by transfusion-dependent chronic inflammatory disease anemia associated with the congenital and inherited condition of thalassemic trait carrier. A weekly application schedule was planned athome, given the patient's debilitation and her decreased performance status as well as personal and family difficulties to go as outpatients at our treatment center...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215215/reversal-of-newer-direct-oral-anticoagulant-drugs-doacs
#10
Saad S Hussain, Alan H Tyroch, Debabrata Mukherjee
Anticoagulation therapy is indicated for management of various clinical conditions to prevent adverse events and introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) has ushered in a new era in anticoagulation therapy. Major advantages of DOACS include fewer drug interactions and that they do not need periodic monitoring. Several patients who were not on anticoagulation before due to older age, polypharmacy/drug interaction concerns, and logistics of periodic monitoring are now on anticoagulation with DOACs. Despite their many advantages, a challenge while prescribing DOACs is very limited availability of specific reversal agents and lack of understanding or guidance about the treatment strategy in case of major life threatening bleeding or need for urgent surgery...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114101/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-oxidative-stress-in-type-2-diabetic-population-of-india
#11
Yogita Dhas, Neetu Mishra, Joyita Banerjee
Vitamin D deficiency is common in metropolitan cities of India and worldwide due to faulty life style. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has tremendously increased in India despite the fact that it is located between 8.4° and 37.6° north latitude and majority of the Indian population exposed to ample sunlight throughout the year. From published data regarding vitamin D deficiency in India estimated prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is 70%-100% in the adult population. The main identified reason for vitamin D deficiency is the lack of appropriate sunlight exposure and no consumption (in case of vegetarian population) or less consumption of vitamin D containing diet (e...
2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034286/altered-prolylcarboxypeptidase-expression-and-function-in-response-to-different-risk-factors-of-diabetes
#12
Tahmineh Tabrizian, Lillie Floyd, Zia Shariat-Madar
BACKGROUND: Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP, EC:3.4.16.2) is a cardioprotective protease. Plasma PRCP levels are elevated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: Since diabetic cardiomyopathy is a late complication of uncontrolled diabetes, we tested the hypothesis that glucose and free fatty acid related risk factors for T2D mellitus and cardiovascular disease may reduce the cardioprotective property of PRCP. METHOD: 0 We examined the effects of glucose, saturated fatty acids, and unsaturated fatty acids on PRCP expression in cultured H9c2 cells as an in-vitro model for pharmacological studies...
December 29, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993120/in-vitro-vasorelaxant-effect-of-artemisia-herba-alba-asso-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#13
Zeggwah Naoufel, Morad Hebi, Muhammad Ajebli, Jean B Michel, Muhammad Eddouks
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to evaluate the in vitro vasorelaxant effect of Artemisia herba alba (Ah) aqueous extract. METHOD: Aortic rings were isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats and incubated in aqueous Ah extract at the following doses: 3, 5, 10 and 20 mg/ml. Incubation of aqueous Ah extract for 30 minutes produced a significant shift of the dose response curve to Norepinephrine (NE) (10-8 to 10-5 M) (p<0.001). RESULTS: Endothelium ablation significantly reduced the vasorelaxant effect of aqueous Ah extract (p<0...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993119/pathophysiology-of-myocardial-infarction-and-acute-management-strategies
#14
Daniel Petrovič, Miha Tibaut, Dušan Mekiš
Yearly, 13,2% of all deaths are attributable to coronary artery disease (CAD), which with 7.4 million deaths makes CAD leading cause of death in the world. In this review we discuss current knowledge in pathophysiology of atherosclerosis with its progression to stable CAD and its destabilization and complication with thrombus formation - myocardial infarction (MI). Next, we describe mechanisms of myocardial cell death in MI, ischemia-reperfusion injury, left-ventricular remodeling and complications of MI. Furthermore, we add acute management strategies concentrating on medical therapy, decision on reperfusion strategy, timing and cardiac protection by ischemic preconditioning, postconditioning and remote ischemic conditioning...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917720/ultrasound-promoted-synthesis-and-anticoagulant-activity-of-2-amino-4h-chromen-4-ylphosphonates
#15
Sarva Santhisudha, Tellamekala Sreekanth, Sudileti Murali, Bathal Vijaya Kumar, Meruva Anila Devi, Cirandur Suresh Reddy
BACKGROUND: One of the alarming difficulties in the field of hematology is the Coagulant disorders. Despite the availability of clinically proven existing anticoagulants, their limitations have prompted a continuous search for novel anticoagulants. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study is to synthesize a series of 2-amino-4H-chromen-4-ylphosphonate derivatives and to test their anticoagulant activity depending on PT measurements con-sidering commercial heparin as positive control...
December 4, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875951/effect-of-supraphysiological-doses-of-nandrolone-decanoate-upon-aldosterone-concentration-and-serum-na-k-levels-in-albino-mice
#16
Parmita Chowdhury, Rita Mahanta
BACKGROUND: This article is a study of adverse effects associated with the abuse of recreational drugs such as Anabolic Androgenic Steroids. Nandrolone Decanoate is one such drug often abused by athletes and bodybuilders seeking enhanced physical strength or appearance. The use of such steroids has increased dramatically over the years. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of nandrolone decanoate when consumed at an abused dose, upon serum aldosterone concentration in albino mice...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804851/association-between-waist-circumference-and-magnesium-and-uric-acid-in-indigenous-argentinean-children-living-at-high-altitude
#17
Valeria Hirschler, M Esteban, C González, C Molinari, L Castano
BACKGROUND: Studies in adults show that central obesity increases the likelihood of Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between waist circumference (WC) and non-traditional risk factors such as magnesium (Mg), phosphorus, and uric acid in indigenous children living at high altitudes. METHODS: A total of 354 (166 M) indigenous school children, aged 9.6 + 2.3 years, were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in November 2011...
October 29, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748172/herb-drug-interactions-an-insight-into-cardiovascular-diseases-based-on-case-reports
#18
Maria Campos, C Batista, N R Jesus, C M Silva, T P Silva
Cardiovascular patients frequently use herbal medicinal products, in order to contribute to the improvement of their chronic condition without medical intervention. However, they are likely to suffer from adverse effects from natural products and herb-drug interactions. This work aimed to alert cardiovascular patients and healthcare providers of the potential of occurrence of herb-drug interactions with cardiovascular therapy. Information obtained from the campaign "Aprender Saúde Entre as Plantas e os Medicamentos", carried out by the Observatory of Herb-Drug Interactions (www...
October 7, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188892/the-preventive-effect-of-flavonoids-on-aldose-reductase-and-protein-glycation-in-diabetic-complications
#19
M Praveen Kumar, T N Raju, R Ravindar Naik
Diabetic patients are susceptible to the development of chronic health complications responsible for a significant increase in their morbidity and mortality. Mechanisms related to glucose toxicity, namely oxidative stress, processes of non-enzymatic glycation and enhanced polyol pathway significantly contribute to the development of secondary complications of diabetes. There is an urgent need for inexpensive, non-surgical approaches to the treatment of diabetic complications. Recently, considerable attention has been devoted to the search for phytochemical therapeutics...
May 18, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086965/therapeutical-perspectives-of-s-allylcysteine-effect-on-diabetes-and-other-disorders-in-animal-models
#20
V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, Parim Brahmanaidu, G Saravanan
Plants derived constituents with impending therapeutic values have been used long time to cure various diseases and disorders including Diabetes mellitus (DM). Many of the medicinal plants and herbs are also part of our diet as spices, vegetables and fruits. In recent years, there is growing evidence that plant-foods molecules, due to their biological properties, may be unique nutraceuticals and supplementary treatments for various aspects of Diabetes mellitus. In this review, we addressed the potential efficacies of S-Allylcysteine (SAC), a sulfur containing amino acid, derived from garlic, on Diabetes mellitus and other disorders...
April 18, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
journal
journal
41287
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"