journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Molecular Neurodegeneration

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439717/dysregulated-phosphorylation-of-rab-gtpases-by-lrrk2-induces-neurodegeneration
#1
Ga Ram Jeong, Eun-Hae Jang, Jae Ryul Bae, Soyoung Jun, Ho Chul Kang, Chi-Hu Park, Joo-Ho Shin, Yukio Yamamoto, Keiko Tanaka-Yamamoto, Valina L Dawson, Ted M Dawson, Eun-Mi Hur, Byoung Dae Lee
BACKGROUND: Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are the most common cause of familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Elevated kinase activity is associated with LRRK2 toxicity, but the substrates that mediate neurodegeneration remain poorly defined. Given the increasing evidence suggesting a role of LRRK2 in membrane and vesicle trafficking, here we systemically screened Rab GTPases, core regulators of vesicular dynamics, as potential substrates of LRRK2 and investigated the functional consequence of such phosphorylation in cells and in vivo...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409526/pathological-phosphorylation-of-tau-and-tdp-43-by-ttbk1-and-ttbk2-drives-neurodegeneration
#2
Laura M Taylor, Pamela J McMillan, Nicole F Liachko, Timothy J Strovas, Bernardino Ghetti, Thomas D Bird, C Dirk Keene, Brian C Kraemer
BACKGROUND: Progressive neuron loss in the frontal and temporal lobes of the cerebral cortex typifies frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). FTLD sub types are classified on the basis of neuronal aggregated protein deposits, typically containing either aberrantly phosphorylated TDP-43 or tau. Our recent work demonstrated that tau tubulin kinases 1 and 2 (TTBK1/2) robustly phosphorylate TDP-43 and co-localize with phosphorylated TDP-43 in human postmortem neurons from FTLD patients...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391027/bace1-elevation-engendered-by-gga3-deletion-increases-%C3%AE-amyloid-pathology-in-association-with-app-elevation-and-decreased-chl1-processing-in-5xfad-mice
#3
WonHee Kim, Liang Ma, Selene Lomoio, Rachel Willen, Sylvia Lombardo, Jinghui Dong, Philip G Haydon, Giuseppina Tesco
BACKGROUND: β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the production of amyloid beta (Aβ), the toxic peptide that accumulates in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Our previous studies have shown that the clathrin adaptor Golgi-localized γ-ear-containing ARF binding protein 3 (GGA3) plays a key role in the trafficking of BACE1 to lysosomes, where it is normally degraded. GGA3 depletion results in BACE1 stabilization both in vitro and in vivo...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391029/mfn2-ablation-causes-an-oxidative-stress-response-and-eventual-neuronal-death-in-the-hippocampus-and-cortex
#4
Sirui Jiang, Priya Nandy, Wenzhang Wang, Xiaopin Ma, Jeffrey Hsia, Chunyu Wang, Zhenlian Wang, Mengyue Niu, Sandra L Siedlak, Sandy Torres, Hisashi Fujioka, Ying Xu, Hyoung-Gon Lee, George Perry, Jun Liu, Xiongwei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria are the organelles responsible for energy metabolism and have a direct impact on neuronal function and survival. Mitochondrial abnormalities have been well characterized in Alzheimer Disease (AD). It is believed that mitochondrial fragmentation, due to impaired fission and fusion balance, likely causes mitochondrial dysfunction that underlies many aspects of neurodegenerative changes in AD. Mitochondrial fission and fusion proteins play a major role in maintaining the health and function of these important organelles...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378605/piperine-ameliorates-sca17-neuropathology-by-reducing-er-stress
#5
Jifeng Guo, Yiting Cui, Qiong Liu, Yang Yang, Yujing Li, Ling Weng, Beisha Tang, Peng Jin, Xiao-Jiang Li, Su Yang, Shihua Li
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17) belongs to the family of neurodegenerative diseases caused by polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion. In SCA17, polyQ expansion occurs in the TATA box binding protein (TBP) and leads to the misfolding of TBP and the preferential degeneration in the cerebellar Purkinje neurons. Currently there is no effective treatment for SCA17. Mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) is a recently identified neurotrophic factor, and increasing MANF expression ameliorated SCA17 neuropathology in TBP-105Q knock-in (KI) mouse model, indicating that MANF could be a therapeutic target for treating SCA17...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357897/parkinson-disease-associated-mutations-in-lrrk2-cause-centrosomal-defects-via-rab8a-phosphorylation
#6
Jesús Madero-Pérez, Elena Fdez, Belén Fernández, Antonio J Lara Ordóñez, Marian Blanca Ramírez, Patricia Gómez-Suaga, Dieter Waschbüsch, Evy Lobbestael, Veerle Baekelandt, Angus C Nairn, Javier Ruiz-Martínez, Ana Aiastui, Adolfo López de Munain, Pawel Lis, Thomas Comptdaer, Jean-Marc Taymans, Marie-Christine Chartier-Harlin, Alexandria Beilina, Adriano Gonnelli, Mark R Cookson, Elisa Greggio, Sabine Hilfiker
BACKGROUND: Mutations in LRRK2 are a common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 interacts with and phosphorylates a subset of Rab proteins including Rab8a, a protein which has been implicated in various centrosome-related events. However, the cellular consequences of such phosphorylation remain elusive. METHODS: Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells stably expressing wildtype or pathogenic LRRK2 were used to test for polarity defects in the context of centrosomal positioning...
January 23, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338754/molecular-and-functional-signatures-in-a-novel-alzheimer-s-disease-mouse-model-assessed-by-quantitative-proteomics
#7
Dong Kyu Kim, Joonho Park, Dohyun Han, Jinhee Yang, Ahbin Kim, Jongmin Woo, Youngsoo Kim, Inhee Mook-Jung
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by the deposition of extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. To understand the pathological mechanisms underlying AD, developing animal models that completely encompass the main features of AD pathologies is indispensable. Although mouse models that display pathological hallmarks of AD (amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, or both) have been developed and investigated, a systematic approach for understanding the molecular characteristics of AD mouse models is lacking...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310663/%C3%AE-synuclein-accumulation-and-gba-deficiency-due-to-l444p-gba-mutation-contributes-to-mptp-induced-parkinsonism
#8
Seung Pil Yun, Donghoon Kim, Sangjune Kim, SangMin Kim, Senthilkumar S Karuppagounder, Seung-Hwan Kwon, Saebom Lee, Tae-In Kam, Suhyun Lee, Sangwoo Ham, Jae Hong Park, Valina L Dawson, Ted M Dawson, Yunjong Lee, Han Seok Ko
BACKGROUND: Mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA) cause Gaucher disease (GD) and increase the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). Since both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the pathogenesis of sporadic PD, we investigated the susceptibility of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons in L444P GBA heterozygous knock-in (GBA +/L444P ) mice to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), a selective dopaminergic mitochondrial neurotoxin...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282133/is-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-frontotemporal-dementia-an-autophagy-disease
#9
REVIEW
Zhiqiang Deng, Patricia Sheehan, Shi Chen, Zhenyu Yue
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are neurodegenerative disorders that share genetic risk factors and pathological hallmarks. Intriguingly, these shared factors result in a high rate of comorbidity of these diseases in patients. Intracellular protein aggregates are a common pathological hallmark of both diseases. Emerging evidence suggests that impaired RNA processing and disrupted protein homeostasis are two major pathogenic pathways for these diseases. Indeed, recent evidence from genetic and cellular studies of the etiology and pathogenesis of ALS-FTD has suggested that defects in autophagy may underlie various aspects of these diseases...
December 28, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273078/practical-considerations-for-choosing-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Joanna L Jankowsky, Hui Zheng
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is behaviorally identified by progressive memory impairment and pathologically characterized by the triad of β-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neurodegeneration. Genetic mutations and risk factors have been identified that are either causal or modify the disease progression. These genetic and pathological features serve as basis for the creation and validation of mouse models of AD. Efforts made in the past quarter-century have produced over 100 genetically engineered mouse lines that recapitulate some aspects of AD clinicopathology...
December 22, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202785/anti-aggregant-tau-mutant-promotes-neurogenesis
#11
Maria Joseph, Marta Anglada-Huguet, Katharina Paesler, Eckhard Mandelkow, Eva-Maria Mandelkow
BACKGROUND: The microtubule-associated protein Tau plays a role in neurodegeneration as well as neurogenesis. Previous work has shown that the expression of the pro-aggregant mutant Tau repeat domain causes strong aggregation and pronounced neuronal loss in the hippocampus whereas the anti-aggregant form has no deleterious effects. These two proteins differ mainly in their propensity to form ß structure and hence to aggregate. METHODS: To elucidate the basis of these contrasting effects, we analyzed organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSCs) from transgenic mice expressing the repeat domain (RD) of Tau with the anti-aggregant mutation (TauRDΔKPP) and compared them with slices containing pro-aggregant TauRDΔK...
December 4, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157277/a-validated-antibody-panel-for-the-characterization-of-tau-post-translational-modifications
#12
Ebru Ercan, Sameh Eid, Christian Weber, Alexandra Kowalski, Maria Bichmann, Annika Behrendt, Frank Matthes, Sybille Krauss, Peter Reinhardt, Simone Fulle, Dagmar E Ehrnhoefer
BACKGROUND: Tau is a microtubule-binding protein, which is subject to various post-translational modifications (PTMs) including phosphorylation, methylation, acetylation, glycosylation, nitration, sumoylation and truncation. Aberrant PTMs such as hyperphosphorylation result in tau aggregation and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, which are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to study the importance of PTMs on tau function, antibodies raised against specific modification sites are widely used...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137651/abnormal-dendritic-calcium-activity-and-synaptic-depotentiation-occur-early-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Yang Bai, Miao Li, Yanmei Zhou, Lei Ma, Qian Qiao, Wanling Hu, Wei Li, Zachary Patrick Wills, Wen-Biao Gan
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid deposition, tangle formation as well as synapse loss. Synaptic abnormalities occur early in the pathogenesis of AD. Identifying early synaptic abnormalities and their underlying mechanisms is likely important for the prevention and treatment of AD. METHODS: We performed in vivo two-photon calcium imaging to examine the activities of somas, dendrites and dendritic spines of layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in the primary motor cortex in the APPswe/PS1dE9 mouse model of AD and age-matched wild type control mice...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132391/nadph-oxidases-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Karim Belarbi, Elodie Cuvelier, Alain Destée, Bernard Gressier, Marie-Christine Chartier-Harlin
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive movement neurodegenerative disease associated with a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain. Oxidative stress, a condition that occurs due to imbalance in oxidant and antioxidant status, is thought to play an important role in dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases are multi-subunit enzymatic complexes that generate reactive oxygen species as their primary function. Increased immunoreactivities for the NADPH oxidases catalytic subunits Nox1, Nox2 and Nox4 have been reported in the brain of PD patients...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132389/advances-challenges-and-future-directions-for-stem-cell-therapy-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Yuri Ciervo, Ke Ning, Xu Jun, Pamela J Shaw, Richard J Mead
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative condition where loss of motor neurons within the brain and spinal cord leads to muscle atrophy, weakness, paralysis and ultimately death within 3-5 years from onset of symptoms. The specific molecular mechanisms underlying the disease pathology are not fully understood and neuroprotective treatment options are minimally effective. In recent years, stem cell transplantation as a new therapy for ALS patients has been extensively investigated, becoming an intense and debated field of study...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126445/ykl-40-in-the-brain-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-neurodegenerative-dementias
#16
Franc Llorens, Katrin Thüne, Waqas Tahir, Eirini Kanata, Daniela Diaz-Lucena, Konstantinos Xanthopoulos, Eleni Kovatsi, Catharina Pleschka, Paula Garcia-Esparcia, Matthias Schmitz, Duru Ozbay, Susana Correia, Ângela Correia, Ira Milosevic, Olivier Andréoletti, Natalia Fernández-Borges, Ina M Vorberg, Markus Glatzel, Theodoros Sklaviadis, Juan Maria Torres, Susanne Krasemann, Raquel Sánchez-Valle, Isidro Ferrer, Inga Zerr
BACKGROUND: YKL-40 (also known as Chitinase 3-like 1) is a glycoprotein produced by inflammatory, cancer and stem cells. Its physiological role is not completely understood but YKL-40 is elevated in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in several neurological and neurodegenerative diseases associated with inflammatory processes. Yet the precise characterization of YKL-40 in dementia cases is missing. METHODS: In the present study, we comparatively analysed YKL-40 levels in the brain and CSF samples from neurodegenerative dementias of different aetiologies characterized by the presence of cortical pathology and disease-specific neuroinflammatory signatures...
November 10, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110684/multiscale-network-modeling-of-oligodendrocytes-reveals-molecular-components-of-myelin-dysregulation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Andrew T McKenzie, Sarah Moyon, Minghui Wang, Igor Katsyv, Won-Min Song, Xianxiao Zhou, Eric B Dammer, Duc M Duong, Joshua Aaker, Yongzhong Zhao, Noam Beckmann, Pei Wang, Jun Zhu, James J Lah, Nicholas T Seyfried, Allan I Levey, Pavel Katsel, Vahram Haroutunian, Eric E Schadt, Brian Popko, Patrizia Casaccia, Bin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Oligodendrocytes (OLs) and myelin are critical for normal brain function and have been implicated in neurodegeneration. Several lines of evidence including neuroimaging and neuropathological data suggest that Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be associated with dysmyelination and a breakdown of OL-axon communication. METHODS: In order to understand this phenomenon on a molecular level, we systematically interrogated OL-enriched gene networks constructed from large-scale genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic data obtained from human AD postmortem brain samples...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100536/correction-to-gene-environment-interaction-between-lead-and-apolipoprotein-e4-causes-cognitive-behavior-deficits-in-mice
#18
Anna K Engstrom, Jessica M Snyder, Nobuyo Maeda, Zhengui Xia
ᅟ.
November 3, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100525/modulating-the-catalytic-activity-of-ampk-has-neuroprotective-effects-against-%C3%AE-synuclein-toxicity
#19
Wojciech Bobela, Sameer Nazeeruddin, Graham Knott, Patrick Aebischer, Bernard L Schneider
BACKGROUND: Metabolic perturbations and slower renewal of cellular components associated with aging increase the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). Declining activity of AMPK, a critical cellular energy sensor, may therefore contribute to neurodegeneration. METHODS: Here, we overexpress various genetic variants of the catalytic AMPKα subunit to determine how AMPK activity affects the survival and function of neurons overexpressing human α-synuclein in vivo. RESULTS: Both AMPKα1 and α2 subunits have neuroprotective effects against human α-synuclein toxicity in nigral dopaminergic neurons...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084565/haplotype-specific-mapt-exon-3-expression-regulated-by-common-intronic-polymorphisms-associated-with-parkinsonian-disorders
#20
Mang Ching Lai, Anne-Laure Bechy, Franziska Denk, Emma Collins, Maria Gavriliouk, Judith B Zaugg, Brent J Ryan, Richard Wade-Martins, Tara M Caffrey
BACKGROUND: Genome wide association studies have identified microtubule associated protein tau (MAPT) H1 haplotype single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as leading common risk variants for Parkinson's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy and corticobasal degeneration. The MAPT risk variants fall within a large 1.8 Mb region of high linkage disequilibrium, making it difficult to discern the functionally important risk variants. Here, we leverage the strong haplotype-specific expression of MAPT exon 3 to investigate the functionality of SNPs that fall within this H1 haplotype region of linkage disequilibrium...
October 30, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
journal
journal
41283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"