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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908277/comparison-of-unilateral-and-bilateral-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Haolin Sun, Chunde Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis is to examine the safety and effectiveness of unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) compared with that of bilateral treatment. METHODS: The multiple databases including PubMed, Springer, EMBASE, OVID, and China Journal Full-text Database were adopted to search for relevant studies in English or Chinese, and full-text articles involving comparison of unilateral and bilateral PVP surgery were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906096/biological-and-functional-evaluation-of-a-novel-pyrolytic-carbon-implant-for-the-treatment-of-focal-osteochondral-defects-in-the-medial-femoral-condyle-assessment-in-a-canine-model
#2
Samantha L Salkeld, Laura P Patron, Joan C Lien, Stephen D Cook, Deryk G Jones
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral defects continue to be a clinical treatment challenge, and when left untreated, may cause pain and functional impairment. Pyrolytic carbon is a unique isotropic biomaterial used in heart valve and small joint replacements due to its excellent wear properties and biocompatibility with bone and articular cartilage. Therefore, a proposed solution is to utilize a focal pyrolytic carbon hemiarthroplasty implant as an alternative resurfacing treatment strategy for isolated cartilage lesions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903299/arthroscopic-arthrodesis-for-ankle-arthritis-without-bone-graft
#3
Xiaojun Duan, Liu Yang, Li Yin
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis is considered by many to be the standard operative treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. The purpose of this study was to perform a new technique for ankle joint surface and determine the outcome for the union rates of ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis. METHODS: A total of 68 patients with posttraumatic arthritis, primary osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis were treated by ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis between May 2007 and December 2012...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899127/treatment-for-thoracic-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-with-posterior-circumferential-decompression-complications-and-managements
#4
Baohui Yang, Yi Wang, Xijing He, Haopeng Li
BACKGROUND: The complications and corresponding managements for patients with thoracic ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (TOPLL) who were treated with posterior circumferential decompression have not been systematically summarized yet. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with TOPLL who received posterior circumferential decompression between February 2010 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' basic characteristics, surgical duration, intraoperative blood loss, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, and intraoperative and postoperative complications, and the adopted managements were summarized...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884200/a-three-stage-procedure-using-bone-transportation-for-the-treatment-of-sternoclavicular-infectious-arthritis
#5
Hua Chen, Xinran Ji, Ming Hao, Qun Zhang, Peifu Tang
BACKGROUND: Sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) infectious arthritis is a rare disease. A standard treatment for SCJ infection has not been established. This study aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of a three-stage procedure with bone transportation (BT) for treating SCJ infectious arthritis. METHODS: Six patients (mean age 39.5 years) with chronic SCJ infectious arthritis were included in the study. The patients underwent a three-stage treatment between January 2009 and December 2012, and results were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881180/polypharmacy-and-adverse-outcomes-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#6
Maria Härstedt, Cecilia Rogmark, Richard Sutton, Olle Melander, Artur Fedorowski
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the effects of polypharmacy and specific drug classes on readmissions and mortality after hip surgery. METHODS: We analyzed data on 272 consecutive hip fracture patients (72.1% females; age 82 ± 9 years) who underwent acute hip replacement. We collected detailed data on the pharmacological treatment upon admission and discharge. Patients were followed up over a period of 6 months after discharge using the Swedish National Hospital Discharge Register and the Swedish National Cause of Death Register...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881176/no-midterm-advantages-in-the-middle-term-using-small-intestinal-submucosa-and-human-amniotic-membrane-in-achilles-tendon-transverse-tenotomy
#7
Yushu Liu, Yinbo Peng, Yong Fang, Min Yao, Robert W Redmond, Tao Ni
BACKGROUND: The study was aimed to compare the effects of small intestinal submucosa (SIS) and human amniotic membrane (HAM) on Achilles tendon healing. METHODS: A total of 48 New Zealand white rabbits were divided into two groups. A full-thickness transverse tenotomy was made at the right leg of the rabbits. Then, the laceration site was wrapped with HAM (P/A group) or SIS (P/S group). The ultimate stress (US) and Young's modulus (E) of the tendons were detected for biomechanical analysis...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881153/verification-of-trex1-as-a-promising-indicator-of-judging-the-prognosis-of-osteosarcoma
#8
Jinyi Feng, Ruilong Lan, Guanxiong Cai, Jinluan Lin, Xinwen Wang, Jianhua Lin, Deping Han
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to explore the correlation between the expression of TREX1 and the metastasis and the survival time of patients with osteosarcoma as well as biological characteristics of osteosarcoma cells for the prognosis judgment of osteosarcoma. METHOD: The correlation between the expression of TREX1 protein and the occurrence of pulmonary metastasis in 45 cases of osteosarcoma was analyzed. The CD133(+) and CD133(-) cell subsets of osteosarcoma stem cells were sorted by the flow cytometry...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876074/combined-detection-of-serum-ctx-ii-and-comp-concentrations-in-osteoarthritis-model-rabbits-an-effective-technique-for-early-diagnosis-and-estimation-of-disease-severity
#9
Bin Bai, Yanqin Li
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) is difficult. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and crosslinked C-telopeptides of type II collagen (CTX-II) are two markers which can potentially predict the destruction of articular cartilage of early OA. To comprehensively evaluate the diagnosis value of serum COMP and CTX-II markers in OA, the longitudinal and combined measurement of serum COMP and CTX-II were performed at different stages of pathological process of OA in adult rabbits with OA, compared with the sham-operated rabbits...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876068/erratum-to-comparison-of-radiological-spino-pelvic-sagittal-parameters-in-skiers-and-non-athletes
#10
Carl Todd, Peter Kovac, Anna Swärd, Cecilia Agnvall, Leif Swärd, Jon Karlsson, Adad Baranto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876065/expression-of-adiponectin-receptors-in-human-and-rat-intervertebral-disc-cells-and-changes-in-receptor-expression-during-disc-degeneration-using-a-rat-tail-temporary-static-compression-model
#11
Yoshiki Terashima, Kenichiro Kakutani, Takashi Yurube, Toru Takada, Koichiro Maeno, Hiroaki Hirata, Shingo Miyazaki, Masaaki Ito, Yuji Kakiuchi, Yoshiki Takeoka, Ryosuke Kuroda, Kotaro Nishida
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue is a large endocrine organ known to secret adiponectin, which has anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Adiponectin is widely involved in systemic disease, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac infraction. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of adiponectin in intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. METHODS: Adipose and IVD tissues were obtained from human patients undergoing surgery (n = 4) and from skeletally mature Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 21)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876042/the-effect-of-screw-thread-length-on-initial-stability-of-schatzker-type-1-tibial-plateau-fracture-fixation-a-biomechanical-study
#12
Ahmet Salduz, Fevzi Birisik, Gokhan Polat, Bugra Bekler, Ergun Bozdag, Onder Kilicoglu
BACKGROUND: This study compares the cyclic loading properties and failure loads of two screw combinations on a synthetic Schatzker type 1 tibia fracture model. Our hypothesis was that after adequate compression with first a partially threaded screw, addition of a fully threaded screw would provide more stability than an addition of a second partially threaded screw. METHODS: The Schatzker type 1 tibial plateau fracture model was created. Fixation was obtained in group A (n = 10) with two partially threaded screws and in group B (n = 10) with one fully threaded screw and one partially threaded screw...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871284/radiographic-results-after-plaster-cast-fixation-for-10%C3%A2-days-versus-1%C3%A2-month-in-reduced-distal-radius-fractures-a-prospective-randomised-study
#13
Albert Christersson, Sune Larsson, Bengt Östlund, Bengt Sandén
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether reduced distal radius fractures can be treated with early mobilisation without affecting the radiographic results. METHODS: In a prospective randomised study, 109 patients (mean age 65.8 (range 50-92)) with moderately displaced distal radius fractures were treated with closed reduction and plaster cast fixation for about 10 days (range 8-13 days) followed by randomisation to one of two groups: early mobilisation (n = 54, active group) or continued plaster cast fixation for another 3 weeks (n = 55, control group)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863529/the-expression-of-sirt1-in-articular-cartilage-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-and-its-correlation-with-disease-severity
#14
Yusheng Li, Wenfeng Xiao, Ping Wu, Zhenhan Deng, Chao Zeng, Hui Li, Tuo Yang, Guanghua Lei
BACKGROUND: The study aims to investigate the expression of SIRT1 in articular cartilage of patients with primary knee osteoarthritis (OA) and its relationship with disease severity. METHODS: Cartilage tissue samples were collected from 38 knee OA patients and 9 normal healthy controls and then ascribed to normal, mild, moderate, and severe groups on the basis of the improved Mankin grading system. The expression of SIRT1 in articular cartilage was detected by immunohistochemistry and western blots...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863489/the-effect-of-cumulative-glycemic-burden-on-the-incidence-of-diabetic-foot-disease
#15
Robert G Dekker, Charles Qin, Bryant S Ho, Anish R Kadakia
BACKGROUND: Glycemic control is a known modifiable risk factor for diabetic foot disease. Prior attempts to define its relationship with diabetic foot ulcer and Charcot arthropathy fail to account for variability in control and duration of diabetic disease. We developed a novel metric to reflect aggregate disease exposure in a diabetic, termed cumulative glycemic burden. We hypothesized that it would be positively associated with both diabetic foot ulcer and radiographically diagnosed Charcot arthropathy...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855716/kinematic-analysis-of-posterior-stabilized-total-knee-arthroplasty-during-standing-up-from-and-sitting-down-on-a-chair
#16
Takatomo Mine, Kenji Hoshi, Kazuyoshi Gamada, Koichiro Ihara, Hiroyuki Kawamura, Ryutaro Kuriyama, Ryo Date
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is effective to regain quality of life. Standing up from and sitting down on a chair and stair stepping motion are important in daily living. We previously reported in vivo kinematics of this implant during a stepping exercise. The purpose of this analysis was to assess in vivo knee motion during standing up from and sitting down on a chair and determine the motion pattern in patients with the unique knee prosthesis. METHODS: A total of 15 patients implanted with Bi-Surface PS were assessed during standing up from and sitting down on a chair...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852325/salvianolic-acid-b-reduced-the-formation-of-epidural-fibrosis-in-an-experimental-rat-model
#17
Feng Chen, Changyao Wang, Jintang Sun, Jin Wang, Lanfeng Wang, Jianmin Li
BACKGROUND: Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) was newly reported to be able to attenuate fibrosis in the animal model. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the intragastric application of Sal B on the prevention of epidural fibrosis (EF). METHODS: Forty healthy adult male Wistar rats were divided into four treatment groups (n = 10 per group): (1) 10 mg/kg Sal B, (2) 30 mg/kg Sal B, (3) 50 mg/kg Sal B and (4) Saline (vehicle treatment, control group)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846909/a-retrospective-analysis-on-the-correlation-between-hip-pain-physical-examination-findings-and-alpha-angle-on-mr-images
#18
Olcay Guler, Mehmet Isyar, Dilek Karataş, Tugrul Ormeci, Halis Cerci, Mahir Mahirogulları
BACKGROUND: We aimed to search whether alpha angle, a radiological clue used in the diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement, is correlated with the presence of hip pain, internal rotation angle, and impingement test results on hip impingement patients (CAM type). METHODS: Medical records of 334 patients (156 women, 178 men) with an average age of 33.8 ± 8.4 (range 20-50) years were retrospectively studied for the alpha angle of the hip measured on magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842571/medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-bone-groove-and-a-suture-anchor-at-patellar-a-safe-and-firm-fixation-technique-and-3-year-follow-up-study
#19
Hong-De Wang, Jiang-Tao Dong, Shi-Jun Gao
BACKGROUND: Graft fixation is critical to the restoration of the medial patella of femoral ligament function and long-term success. Numerous fixations at the patella have been described, while the complications including patellar fractures, violation of the posterior patella and delay of tendon-to-bone healing remain significant challenges. Here, we describe a safe and firm fixation at the patellar for medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and explore the safety angle of drilling the suture anchor at different morphology of the patellar...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842568/efficacy-and-safety-of-tension-band-wiring-versus-plate-fixation-in-olecranon-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Yi-Ming Ren, Hu-Yun Qiao, Zhi-Jian Wei, Wei Lin, Bao-You Fan, Jun Liu, Ang Li, Yi Kang, Shen Liu, Yan Hao, Xian-Hu Zhou, Shi-Qing Feng
BACKGROUND: Olecranon fracture (OF) is a common upper limb fracture, and the most commonly used techniques are still tension band wiring (TBW) and plate fixation (PF). The aim of the current study is to discuss whether TBW or PF technique of internal fixation is better in the treatment of OFs, using the method of meta-analysis. METHODS: The eligible studies were acquired from PubMed, CNKI, Embase, Cochrane Library, and other sources. The data were extracted by two of the coauthors independently and were analyzed by RevMan5...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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