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Chinese Medicine

Wei Sang, Zhangfeng Zhong, Kegang Linghu, Wei Xiong, Anfernee Kai Wing Tse, Wai San Cheang, Hua Yu, Yitao Wang
Background: Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino (SP) is one of the important plant origins for the anti-inflammatory Chinese herbal medicine of Siegesbeckiae Herba. The current investigations indicated that the anti-inflammatory effects of SP were associated with the toll-like receptors (TLRs)-mediated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Methods: Raw 264.7 macrophages were pretreated with the 50% ethanol extract of SP (SPE, 50-200 µg/mL) and then co-treated with Pam3 CSK4 (200 ng/mL) for another 12 h...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Chengliang Huang, Xu Wu, Shengpeng Wang, Wenjun Wang, Fang Guo, Yuanyuan Chen, Bi Pan, Ming Zhang, Xianming Fan
Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a chronic, progressive, fibrosing interstitial lung disease, is associated with extremely poor prognosis, and lacks effective treatment. The frequently used immunosuppressive therapies such as dexamethasone (DEX) are often associated with side effects. Recently, combination of two Chinese herbal medicine preparations, Salvia miltiorrhiza and ligustrazine (SML), serves as an alternative medicine for treatment of IPF in clinical practices in China...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Mu-Yang Huang, Le-Le Zhang, Jian Ding, Jin-Jian Lu
Cancer is still presenting a serious threat to human health worldwide. The understanding of the complex biology of cancer and the development of oncotherapy have led to increasing treatment approaches such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Chinese medicinal herbs have attracted considerable attention due to their potential anticancer effects. Some natural products or formulae from Chinese medicinal herbs with directly or indirectly anticancer effects have been reported. In this article, we summarized the current progression on development of anticancer drugs from Chinese medicinal herbs, toward providing ideas for further development and application of Chinese medicinal herbs in cancer therapy...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Yu Dong, Zhe-Ling Feng, Hu-Biao Chen, Fu-Sheng Wang, Jia-Hong Lu
Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc. is part of the genus Cornus of the family Cornaceae . Ripening and dry fruits ( Corni Fructus ) are recognized as an essential herb medicine in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and have been widely used for over 2000 years. This review provides a comprehensive summary of Corni Fructus (CF), including the botany, phytochemistry, traditional use, and current pharmacological activities. According to the basic theory of TCM, CF usually participates in various Chinese medicinal formulae to exert the essential roles in replenishing liver and kidney, arresting seminal emission and sweat...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Xiang Zhang, Xiangxiao Meng, Jie Wu, Linfang Huang, Shilin Chen
Background: Illicium plants are relevant officinal and ornamental species that are native in Eastern Asia, and they are the main sources of shikimic acid. Shikimic acid is an important component of Tamiflu, which is recognized for its ability to resist avian influenza by the World Health Organization. To determine areas where 15 Illicium species can be grown and to understand the importance of species diversity, we should enhance the prediction of suitable areas. Methods: In this study, the global potential distribution of 15 Illicium species was predicted using a geographic information system for global medicinal plants...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Chuen Heung Yau, Cheuk Long Ip, Yuk Yin Chau
Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a common disease and the incidence has been rising constantly. Acupuncture is one of the most widely used complementary and alternative medicine therapies. Despite studies had been done on the effectiveness of acupuncture on ASD children, how factors such as chronological age and the onset pattern influence the effectiveness of the therapy remains unclear. The aim of this retrospective study is to know how symptomatology of ASD alters upon the introduction of scalp acupuncture and how do age and onset type affect the effectiveness of the therapy...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Fan Yi, Li Li, Li-Jia Xu, Hong Meng, Yin-Mao Dong, Hai-Bo Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
In recent years, studies of traditional medicinal plants have gradually increased worldwide because the natural sources and variety of such plants allow them to complement modern pharmacological approaches. As computer technology has developed, in silico approaches such as virtual screening and network analysis have been widely utilized in efforts to elucidate the pharmacological basis of the functions of traditional medicinal plants. In the process of new drug discovery, the application of virtual screening and network pharmacology can enrich active compounds among the candidates and adequately indicate the mechanism of action of medicinal plants, reducing the cost and increasing the efficiency of the whole procedure...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Yat-Tung Lo, Mavis Hong-Yu Yik, Pang-Chui Shaw
Background: Human placenta is used to make the medicinal product Placenta Hominis in Asian countries. With its therapeutic benefits and limited supply, intentional or inadvertent adulteration is found in the market. In order to enforce the implementation of product description laws and protect customer rights, we established a hierarchical protocol involving morphological, chemical, biochemical and molecular diagnosis to authenticate this medicinal product. Methods: Ten samples claimed as Placenta Hominis were collected from herbal shops in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Hui-Qin Li, Siu-Po Ip, Guo-Qing Zheng, Yan-Fang Xian, Zhi-Xiu Lin
Background: To evaluate the effect of Isorhynchophylline (IRN) on the learning and memory impairments induced by aluminum chloride (AlCl3 ) in mice. Methods: Fifty male Balb-c mice (4-month-old) were randomly divided into five groups: control, AlCl3 plus vehicle, AlCl3 plus IRN (20 mg/kg), AlCl3 plus IRN (40 mg/kg) and AlCl3 plus donepezil (5 mg/kg). Learning and memory impairments were induced in mice by subcutaneously injecting with AlCl3 (50 mg/kg) once a day for 8 consecutive weeks...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Pengxin Dong, Hao Hu, Xiaodong Guan, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Luwen Shi, Sheng Han, Shuwen Yu
Background: Complicated with the impact of aging population and urbanization, coronary heart disease (CHD) incurs more and more disease burdens in China. Salvianolate injection is a Chinese patent drug widely used for treating CHD in China. A series of studies have verified the efficacy of salvianolate injection , but the high drug cost has raised concerns. It is, therefore, important to conduct cost-consequence analysis to demonstrate whether salvianolate injection is associated with outcome improvement and cost containment...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Jin Wang, Qian Ran, Hai-Rong Zeng, Lin Wang, Chang-Jiang Hu, Qin-Wan Huang
Rhizoma coptidis has been used in China for thousands of years with the functions of heating dampness and purging fire detoxification. But the underlying molecular mechanisms of Rhizoma coptidis are still far from being fully elucidated. Alkaloids, especially berberine, coptisine and palmatine, are responsible for multiple pharmacological effects of Rhizoma coptidis. In this review, we studied on the effects and molecular mechanisms of Rhizoma coptidis on NF-κB/MAPK/PI3K-Akt/AMPK/ERS and oxidative stress pathways...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Zhongzhen Zhao, Eric Brand, Hiu Yee Kwan, Quanbin Han, Mengjia Zhou
Background: Houzao (bezoar) is a valuable imported Chinese medicine that is commonly used as a pediatric medicine to transform phlegm. There are mainly two types of Houzao, "Southeast Asian Houzao" and "Indian Houzao". "Indian Houzao" is the dominant commercial product accounts for over 95% of the actual utilization in the market. However, its origin, formation, composition, efficacy and pharmacology remain unclear. Therefore, we have conducted on-site investigation to clarify the origin of Indian Houzao...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Ru Yan, Ying Yang, Yijia Chen
The modernization and internationalization of Chinese medicines (CMs) are hampered by increasing concerns on the safety and the efficacy. Pharmacokinetic (PK) study is indispensable to establish concentration-activity/toxicity relationship and facilitate target identification and new drug discovery from CMs. To cope with tremendous challenges rooted from chemical complexity of CMs, the classic PK strategies have evolved rapidly from PK study focusing on marker/main drug components to PK-PD correlation study adopting metabolomics approaches to characterize associations between disposition of global drug-related components and host metabolic network shifts...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Yuan Wei, Dujun Wang, Meng Chen, Zhen Ouyang, Shuo Wang, Jun Gu
Background: Triptolide, an active ingredient of Chinese medicine plant Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f., has been shown to exert anti-tumor, immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fertility pharmacological effects. However, triptolide also causes severe side effects, which are manifested as toxicities in multiple organs. The aim of this study was to analyze the role of extrahepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes in triptolide-induced toxicity. Methods: Xh-CL mouse model with normal liver, but low extrahepatic P450 expression levels was used in this study...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Carla Marrassini, Ignacio Peralta, Claudia Anesini
Background: Urera aurantiaca is an Argentinean species that has been traditionally used to treat symptoms of inflammation. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of two specimens of Urera aurantiaca obtained in the provinces of Salta and Misiones, which are two different geographical areas of Argentina. Methods: The anti-inflammatory activity of the extracts was tested in LPS-stimulated macrophages through the DPPH radical scavenging activity, the SOD-like activity, the reducing power and the inhibition of lipid peroxidation...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Yue Yan, Hai-Peng Bao, Chun-Lei Li, Qi Shi, Yan-Hua Kong, Ting Yao, You-Lin Li
Background: Eosinophils (EOS) is one of the most important cells involved in the pathogenesis of chronic airway inflammation in asthma, and its apoptosis is part of the mechanisms of asthma. Therefore, this study aimed to observe the effect of Chinese medicine Wentong decoction (WTD) in EOS apoptosis in asthmatic rats. This work also explored the mechanism of WTD regulation in EOS apoptosis and provided a new target for clinical treatment of asthma. Methods: Asthmatic rats induced by ovalbumin were treated with WTD...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Qing-Wen Zhang, Li-Gen Lin, Wen-Cai Ye
Natural medicines were the only option for the prevention and treatment of human diseases for thousands of years. Natural products are important sources for drug development. The amounts of bioactive natural products in natural medicines are always fairly low. Today, it is very crucial to develop effective and selective methods for the extraction and isolation of those bioactive natural products. This paper intends to provide a comprehensive view of a variety of methods used in the extraction and isolation of natural products...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Tian-Tian Zuo, Yao-Lei Li, Hong-Yu Jin, Fei Gao, Qi Wang, Ya-Dan Wang, Shuang-Cheng Ma
Background: Cordyceps sinensis , one of the most valued traditional herbal medicines in China, contains high amount of arsenic. Considering the adverse health effects of arsenic, this is of particular concern. The aim of this study was to determine and analyze arsenic speciation in C. sinensis , and to measure the associated human health risks. Methods: We used microwave extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to determine and analyze the arsenic content in C...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Zhongzhen Zhao, Ping Guo, Eric Brand
Books that record the sources and applications of medicinal materials are commonly known as bencao ( materia medica ) in China. Bencao ( materia medica ) literature review is the very first step in the standard authentication procedure of Chinese medicinals. As an important part of China's cultural heritage, these various bencao ( materia medica ) texts represent centuries of accumulated wisdom in combating disease and preserving health. In this short review, bencao ( materia medica ) classics of China are broadly divided into three major categories in our routine practice: mainstream bencao ( materia medica ), thematic bencao ( materia medica ) and regional bencao ( materia medica )...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Qian Wang, Wenhua Zang, Li Han, Lei Yang, Songshan Ye, Jingfeng Ouyang, Chaoyun Zhang, Yuefeng Bi, Cuiyue Zhang, Hua Bian
Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. So far, no Western medicine treatment can completely inhibit or reverse the progress of SSc, while at the same time, our previous series of studies have shown that the treatment of SSc by the Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo formula (WYHZTL), a Chinese herbal decoction, shows a delightful prospect. The aim of this study is to further investigate the mechanism of anti-fibrosis of WYHZTL formula in SSc mouse model...
2018: Chinese Medicine
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