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Chinese Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919923/revealing-topics-and-their-evolution-in-biomedical-literature-using-bio-dtm-a-case-study-of-ginseng
#1
Qian Chen, Ni Ai, Jie Liao, Xin Shao, Yufeng Liu, Xiaohui Fan
BACKGROUND: Valuable scientific results on biomedicine are very rich, but they are widely scattered in the literature. Topic modeling enables researchers to discover themes from an unstructured collection of documents without any prior annotations or labels. In this paper, taking ginseng as an example, biological dynamic topic model (Bio-DTM) was proposed to conduct a retrospective study and interpret the temporal evolution of the research of ginseng. METHODS: The system of Bio-DTM mainly includes four components, documents pre-processing, bio-dictionary construction, dynamic topic models, topics analysis and visualization...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919922/anti-tumor-effects-of-the-american-cockroach-periplaneta-americana
#2
REVIEW
Yanan Zhao, Ailin Yang, Pengfei Tu, Zhongdong Hu
Since the incidence of cancer has been on the rise due to increasing exposure to various carcinogenic factors in recent years, cancer has gradually become the first killer to the health of human beings. A growing attention has been paid to anti-cancer effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with low toxicity and good efficacy. As a kind of TCM, Periplaneta americana (P. americana) has a good effect on clinical application, and its anti-tumor effects has been increasingly well studied. In this review, the research progress on the anti-tumor effects of P...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878815/efficacy-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-stroke-modifiable-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Wenbo Peng, Romy Lauche, Caleb Ferguson, Jane Frawley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of stroke burden is attributable to its modifiable risk factors. This paper aimed to systematically summarise the evidence of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) interventions on stroke modifiable risk factors for stroke prevention. METHODS: A literature search was conducted via the MEDLINE, CINAHL/EBSCO, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Database from 1996 to 2016. Randomised controlled trials or cross-over studies were included. Risk of bias was assessed according to the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852418/danggui-buxue-tang-a-simple-chinese-formula-containing-astragali-radix-and-angelicae-sinensis-radix-stimulates-the-expressions-of-neurotrophic-factors-in-cultured-sh-sy5y-cells
#4
Amy G W Gong, Huai Y Wang, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim, Y Z Zheng
BACKGROUND: Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), a phytoestrogen-enriched Chinese herbal formula, serves as dietary supplement in stimulating the "Blood" functions of menopausal women. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, "Blood" has a strong relationship with brain activities. Previous studies supported that some ingredients of DBT possessed neuronal beneficial functions. Therefore, the neurotrophic function and the mechanistic action of DBT were systematically evaluated in cultured human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835770/a-network-pharmacology-based-strategy-deciphers-the-underlying-molecular-mechanisms-of-qixuehe-capsule-in-the-treatment-of-menstrual-disorders
#5
Yanqiong Zhang, Xia Mao, Jing Su, Ya Geng, Rui Guo, Shihuan Tang, Junfang Li, Xuefeng Xiao, Haiyu Xu, Hongjun Yang
BACKGROUND: QiXueHe Capsule (QXHC) is a Chinese patent drug that is extensively used for the treatment of menstrual disorders. However, its underlying pharmacological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: A list of QXHC putative targets were predicted using MetaDrug. An interaction network using links between QXHC putative targets and the known therapeutic targets of menstrual disorders was constructed. QXHC candidate targets were also identified via calculating the topological feature values of nodes in the network...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785304/temporal-divergence-of-changes-in-pain-and-pain-free-grip-strength-after-manual-acupuncture-or-electroacupuncture-an-experimental-study-in-people-with-lateral-epicondylalgia
#6
Jaewon Jeon, Erin Bussin, Alex Scott
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine, in individuals with lateral epicondylalgia (LE), the acute time course of acupuncture-induced hypoalgesia and change in pain-free grip strength (PFGS). METHODS: This was an experimental study, conducted at a single research center in Vancouver, BC. Twenty-one participants with unilateral LE lasting more than 6 weeks duration were enrolled. Participants received a single treatment of acupuncture (either electroacupuncture, 10-30 Hz, or manual acupuncture, assigned randomly)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770000/cupping-therapy-versus-acupuncture-for-pain-related-conditions-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ya-Jing Zhang, Hui-Juan Cao, Xin-Lin Li, Xiao-Ying Yang, Bao-Yong Lai, Guo-Yang Yang, Jian-Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: Both cupping therapy and acupuncture have been used in China for a long time, and their target indications are pain-related conditions. There is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of these two therapies. OBJECTIVES: To compare the beneficial effectiveness and safety between cupping therapy and acupuncture for pain-related conditions to provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: Protocol of this review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016050986)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702078/anticancer-activities-and-mechanisms-of-heat-clearing-and-detoxicating-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Yulin Zhang, Yeer Liang, Chengwei He
In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, pathogenic heat and toxins, which are akin to the inflammatory factors, are the causes of cancer and could promote its virulent development. Therefore, heat-clearing and detoxicating (HCD) herbs are essential components of TCM formulas for cancer treatment. An increasing interest has been focused on the study of HCD herbs and accumulated evidences have shown that HCD herbs or HCD herbs-based formulas exhibited remarkable anticancer effects when used alone or combined with other therapeutic approaches...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702077/a-research-on-syndrome-element-differentiation-based-on-phenomenology-and-mathematical-method
#9
Enliang Yan, Jialin Song, Chaonan Liu, Wenxue Hong
BACKGROUND: As an empirical medical system independent of conventional Western medicine (CWM), over thousands of years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has established its own unique method of diagnosis and treatment. The perspective of holism and system in TCM is essentially different from the view of Reductionism in CWM. With the development of modern science and technology, the restriction of reductionism is more and more prominent, and researchers begin to pay more attention to holistic thinking in TCM...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680459/high-throughput-sequencing-technology-reveals-that-continuous-cropping-of-american-ginseng-results-in-changes-in-the-microbial-community-in-arable-soil
#10
Linlin Dong, Jiang Xu, Lianjuan Zhang, Juan Yang, Baosheng Liao, Xiwen Li, Shilin Chen
BACKGROUND: American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is renowned worldwide for its eutherapeutic effects. The replantation of American ginseng usually fails due to problems associated with continuous cropping. An imbalance in the microbial community is thought to be responsible for this, but the overall changes in microbial communities under a continuous cropping system are unclear. METHODS: This study used quantitative polymerase chain reaction combined with high-throughput sequencing methods to confirm changes in a microbial community under continuous cropping of American ginseng...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670332/relationship-between-chinese-medicine-dietary-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-in-hong-kong-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Xiao Zheng, Jianping Chen, Ting Xie, Zhiyu Xia, Wings Tjing Yung Loo, Lixing Lao, JieShu You, Jie Yang, Kamchuen Tsui, Feizhi Mo, Fei Gao
BACKGROUND: This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between Chinese medicine (CM) dietary patterns (hot, neutral, and cold) and the incidence of breast cancer among Chinese women in Hong Kong. METHODS: Breast cancer cases (n = 202) and healthy controls (n = 202) were matched according to demographics. Chinese women residing in Hong Kong for the past 7 years were recruited by media advertisements (e.g., via newspapers, radio, and posters)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642805/a-simple-method-for-hplc-retention-time-prediction-linear-calibration-using-two-reference-substances
#12
Lei Sun, Hong-Yu Jin, Run-Tao Tian, Ming-Juan Wang, Li-Na Liu, Liu-Ping Ye, Tian-Tian Zuo, Shuang-Cheng Ma
BACKGROUND: Analysis of related substances in pharmaceutical chemicals and multi-components in traditional Chinese medicines needs bulk of reference substances to identify the chromatographic peaks accurately. But the reference substances are costly. Thus, the relative retention (RR) method has been widely adopted in pharmacopoeias and literatures for characterizing HPLC behaviors of those reference substances unavailable. The problem is it is difficult to reproduce the RR on different columns due to the error between measured retention time (tR) and predicted tR in some cases...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546827/chemical-constituents-from-a-gynostemma-laxum-and-their-antioxidant-and-neuroprotective-activities
#13
Ji Yeon Seo, Sang Kyum Kim, Phi Hung Nguyen, Ju Yong Lee, Pham Ha Thanh Tung, Sang Hyun Sung, Won Keun Oh
BACKGROUND: A few bioactivities of constituents from Gynostemma laxum, which has been collected in Vietnam, have been reported until now. There is no report about the effects of constituents from G. laxum although the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-mediated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) antioxidant defense system is involved in neuroprotection in the brain. Therefore, we investigated whether quercetin (2), benzoic acid (10) and their analogues (1, 3-9 and 11) from G. laxum have the antioxidant and neuroprotective activities and also their underlying mechanism...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533813/rapid-identification-of-growth-years-and-profiling-of-bioactive-ingredients-in-astragalus-membranaceus-var-mongholicus-huangqi-roots-from-hunyuan-shanxi
#14
Hua-Sheng Peng, Jun Wang, He-Ting Zhang, Hai-Yan Duan, Xiao-Mei Xie, Ling Zhang, Ming-En Cheng, Dai-Yin Peng
BACKGROUND: The content of medicinal bioactive constituents in huangqi is affected by plant age. In this study, we devised a quick and convenient method for determining the age of huangqi, which was cultivated in Hunyuan County (Shanxi Province). METHODS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10 growth years huangqi had 38 samples, all samples were collected separately. The growth rings in these samples were observed after making paraffin section and freehand-section. The relationship between growth rings and its growth years was analyzed by SPSS 19...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529539/jiangtang-decoction-ameliorate-diabetic-nephropathy-through-the-regulation-of-pi3k-akt-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-kk-ay-mice
#15
Jin-Ni Hong, Wei-Wei Li, Lin-Lin Wang, Hao Guo, Yong Jiang, Yun-Jia Gao, Peng-Fei Tu, Xue-Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Jiangtang decoction (JTD) is a China patented drug which contains Euphorbia humifusa Willd, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, Astragalus mongholicus Bunge, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, and Coptis chinensis Franch. For decades, it has also been used clinically to treat diabetic nephropathy (DN) effectively; however, the associated mechanisms remain unknown. Thus, the present study aimed to examine the protective efficacy of JTD in DN and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469699/metabolomics-approach-reveals-annual-metabolic-variation-in-roots-of-cyathula-officinalis-kuan-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrum
#16
Kai Tong, Zhao-Ling Li, Xu Sun, Shen Yan, Mei-Jie Jiang, Meng-Sheng Deng, Ji Chen, Jing-Wei Li, Meng-Liang Tian
BACKGROUND: Herbal quality is strongly influenced by harvest time. It is therefore one of crucial factors that should be well respected by herbal producers when optimizing cultivation techniques, so that to obtain herbal products of high quality. In this work, we paid attention on one of common used Chinese herbals, Cyathula officinalis Kuan. According to previous studies, its quality may be related with growth years because of the variation of several main bioactive components in different growth years...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450884/identification-of-anti-hbv-activities-in-paeonia-suffruticosa-andr-using-grp78-as-a-drug-target-on-herbochip-%C3%A2
#17
Iao-Fai Lam, Min Huang, Margaret Dah-Tysr Chang, Pei-Wun Yao, Yu-Ting Chou, Sim-Kun Ng, Ying-Lin Tsai, Yu-Chang Lin, Yun-Feng Zhang, Xiao-Yuan Yang, Yiu-Kay Lai
BACKGROUND: Herbochip(®) technology is a high throughput drug screening platform in a reverse screening manner, in which potential chemical leads in herbal extracts are immobilized and drug target proteins can be used as probes for screening process [BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2015) 15:146]. While herbal medicines represent an ideal reservoir for drug screenings, here a molecular chaperone GRP78 is demonstrated to serve as a potential target for antiviral drug discovery...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439292/effects-of-bushen-tianjing-recipe-in-a-rat-model-of-tripterygium-glycoside-induced-premature-ovarian-failure
#18
Xiaofeng Xu, Yong Tan, Guorong Jiang, Xuanyi Chen, Rensheng Lai, Lurong Zhang, Guoqiang Liang
BACKGROUND: Bushen Tianjing Recipe (BTR) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been prescribed for premature ovarian failure (POF) for decades in China. Nevertheless, little is known regarding its underlying molecular mechanism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BTR in a tripterygium glycoside (TG)-induced-POF rat model. METHODS: Three doses of BTR were administered via intragastric gavage to adult female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with TG-induced POF...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400856/glossogyne-tenuifolia-hsiang-ju-extract-suppresses-t-cell-activation-by-inhibiting-activation-of-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase
#19
Jer-Yiing Houng, Tzong-Shyuan Tai, Shu-Ching Hsu, Hsia-Fen Hsu, Tzann-Shun Hwang, Chih-Jiun Lin, Li-Wen Fang
BACKGROUND: Glossogyne tenuifolia (GT) (Hsiang-ju) is a Chinese herbal medicine previously exhibited an anti-inflammatory activity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of GT ethanol extract (GTE) on T cell-mediated adaptive immunity. METHODS: Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and Jurkat T cells were activated by phytohemagglutinin in the presence of various doses (3.13-50 μg/mL) of GTE. The effect of GTE on T cell activation was examined by a proliferation assay of activated PBMCs and the level of the activation marker CD69 on the surface of activated Jurkat T cells...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360931/mechanisms-for-the-anti-obesity-actions-of-bofutsushosan-in-high-fat-diet-fed-obese-mice
#20
Shinjiro Kobayashi, Yuki Kawasaki, Tatsuo Takahashi, Hironori Maeno, Masaaki Nomura
BACKGROUND: The Kampo medicine bofutsushosan (BTS; Pulvis ledebouriellae compositae; Fang Feng Tong Sheng San) has been used as an anti-obesity treatment in overweight patients. In this study, we assessed the underlying physiological changes induced by BTS in obese mice maintained on a high-fat diet. METHODS: Male ICR mice were fed a 60% kcal fat diet for 5 weeks starting at 4 weeks of age and then fed the same diet with administration of water (control) or aqueous BTS extract (1...
2017: Chinese Medicine
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