journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049868/a-novel-home-based-intervention-for-child-and-adolescent-obesity-the-results-of-the-wh%C3%A4-nau-pakari-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To report 12-month outcomes from a multidisciplinary child obesity intervention program, targeting high-risk groups. METHODS: In this unblinded randomized controlled trial, participants (recruited January 2012-August 2014) were aged 5 to 16 years, resided in Taranaki, Aotearoa/New Zealand, and had BMI ≥ 98th percentile or BMI > 91st percentile with weight-related comorbidities. Randomization was by minimization (age and ethnicity), with participants assigned to an intense intervention group (home-based assessments at 6-month intervals and a 12-month multidisciplinary program with weekly group sessions) or to a minimal-intensity control group with home-based assessments and advice at each 6-month follow-up...
October 19, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045080/a-systematic-review-of-calorie-labeling-and-modified-calorie-labeling-interventions-impact-on-consumer-and-restaurant-behavior
#2
REVIEW
Sara N Bleich, Christina D Economos, Marie L Spiker, Kelsey A Vercammen, Eric M VanEpps, Jason P Block, Brian Elbel, Mary Story, Christina A Roberto
OBJECTIVE: Evidence on the effects of restaurant calorie labeling on consumer and restaurant behavior is mixed. This paper examined: (1) consumer responses to calorie information alone or compared to modified calorie information and (2) changes in restaurant offerings following or in advance of menu labeling implementation. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Policy File, and PAIS International to identify restaurant calorie labeling studies through October 1, 2016, that measured calories ordered, consumed, or available for purchase on restaurant menus...
October 17, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024521/role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-ppar%C3%AE-in-metabolic-disorders-in-sga-with-catch-up-growth
#3
Qiong-Xia Lian, Hong-Zhu Deng, Kai-Yun Chen, Hong Deng
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal fat metabolism is a major disorder in adults who were small for gestational age (SGA). Peroxisome prolferator-activated receptor (PPARγ) participates in adipocyte differentiation and the regulation of lipid metabolism. This study explored the role of PPARγ in the regulation of fat catch-up growth (CUG) and the lipid metabolism of SGA individuals. METHODS: The CUG-SGA rats were treated with pioglitazone. The weight of the visceral adipose tissue, serum lipid levels, and PPARγ expression in the visceral adipose tissue were detected at 4, 8, and 12 weeks of age...
October 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024428/heat-shock-protein-60-in-obesity-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-and-its-relation-to-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk
#4
Henrike Sell, Christine Poitou, Christiane Habich, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jürgen Eckel, Karine Clément
OBJECTIVE: Heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is an adipokine, and its serum concentrations are higher in patients with obesity compared to lean patients. This study aimed to analyze the effect of bariatric surgery on circulating concentrations of Hsp60 in morbid obesity and their correlation with inflammation and metabolic and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Fifty-three females with morbid obesity undergoing bariatric surgery were enrolled. Serum parameters and anthropometric measures were obtained at baseline and 3 to 12 months post surgery...
October 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985040/comparison-of-methods-for-analyzing-human-adipose-tissue-macrophage-content
#5
Maria Morgan-Bathke, Debra Harteneck, Philippa Jaeger, Esben Sondergaard, Ron Karwoski, Ana Espinosa De Ycaza, B Gisella Carranza-Leon, William A Faubion, Andre M Oliveira, Michael D Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between inflammation, obesity, and adverse metabolic conditions is associated with adipose tissue macrophages (ATM). This study compared the measurements of human ATM using flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of ATM markers. METHODS: A new software program (AMCounter) was evaluated to help measure ATM using IHC, and this was compared to flow cytometry and RT-PCR. RESULTS: IHC had good intraindividual reproducibility for total (CD68), proinflammatory (CD14), and anti-inflammatory (CD206) ATM...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985039/pretreatment-fasting-plasma-glucose-modifies-dietary-weight-loss-maintenance-success-results-from-a-stratified-rct
#6
Mads F Hjorth, Anette Due, Thomas M Larsen, Arne Astrup
OBJECTIVE: Levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) were studied as diet-specific prognostic markers for successful weight loss maintenance in participants with overweight. METHODS: After losing ≥ 8% of body weight, participants received one of three ad libitum diets for 6 months: (1) a moderate-fat diet high in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA); (2) a low-fat, high-fiber diet (Nordic Nutrition Recommendations [NNR]); and (3) the Average Danish Diet (ADD)...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985033/associations-of-maternal-weight-status-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-with-inflammatory-markers-in-breast-milk
#7
Kara M Whitaker, Regina C Marino, Jacob L Haapala, Laurie Foster, Katy D Smith, April M Teague, David R Jacobs, Patricia L Fontaine, Patricia M McGovern, Tonya C Schoenfuss, Lisa Harnack, David A Fields, Ellen W Demerath
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the associations of maternal weight status before, during, and after pregnancy with breast milk C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), two bioactive markers of inflammation, measured at 1 and 3 months post partum. METHODS: Participants were 134 exclusively breastfeeding mother-infant dyads taking part in the Mothers and Infants Linked for Health (MILK) study, who provided breast milk samples. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) were assessed by chart abstraction; postpartum weight loss was measured at the 1- and 3-month study visits...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984076/patterns-of-eating-disorder-pathology-are-associated-with-weight-change-in-family-based-behavioral-obesity-treatment
#8
Katherine N Balantekin, Jacqueline F Hayes, Daniel H Sheinbein, Rachel P Kolko, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, Kelly Theim Hurst, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Children with overweight or obesity have elevated eating disorder (ED) pathology, which may increase their risk for clinical EDs. The current study identified patterns of ED pathology in children with overweight or obesity entering family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT) and examined whether children with distinct patterns differed in their ED pathology and BMI z score (zBMI) change across FBT. METHODS: Before participating in a 16-session FBT, children (N = 241) completed surveys or interviews assessing ED pathology (emotional eating, shape/weight/eating concerns, restraint, and loss of control [LOC])...
October 6, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944626/caveolin-1-secreted-from-adipose-tissues-and-adipocytes-functions-as-an-adipogenesis-enhancer
#9
Chia-Chu Chang, Chen-Yu Chen, Hui-Chin Wen, Chih-Yang Huang, Ming-Shiu Hung, Hsi-Chi Lu, Woan-Ling Chen, Chung-Ho Chang
OBJECTIVE: Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is expressed abundantly in adipose tissue and involved in many physiological processes. While Cav-1 has been reported to be secreted in pancreatic acinar cells and LNCaP prostate cancer cells, its secretion from adipose tissue awaits investigation. METHODS: Cav-1 secretion from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and fat tissues from normal chow diet- and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice was measured. Functions and uptake of secreted Cav-1 proteins were assessed by adding Cav-1 back to preadipocytes and LNCaP cells...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944615/agreement-between-weight-status-and-perceived-body-size-and-the-association-with-body-size-satisfaction-in-children
#10
Iris Leppers, Henning Tiemeier, Sonja A Swanson, Frank C Verhulst, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Pauline W Jansen
OBJECTIVE: Extensive evidence suggests that children and adolescents often inaccurately perceive their body size. However, the extent of this misperception is unclear. This paper describes the agreement between children's actual weight and the perception of body size (self-reported and maternally reported) and the association of actual weight with self-reported body satisfaction. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study of 3,408 children aged 9 to 10 years, we assessed the children's self-perception and ideal perception of their body size with the Children's Body Image Scale...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944597/caloric-restriction-induced-decreases-in-dopamine-receptor-availability-are-associated-with-leptin-concentration
#11
Julia P Dunn, Naji N Abumrad, Robert M Kessler, Bruce W Patterson, Rui Li, Pamela Marks-Shulman, Robyn A Tamboli
OBJECTIVE: It has been previously reported that early after Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass, dopamine (DA) type 2 and 3 receptor (D2/3R) binding potential (BPND ) was decreased from preoperative levels. The current study aimed to determine whether calorie restriction without weight loss modifies D2/3R BPND and whether such changes are explained by neuroendocrine regulation. METHODS: Fifteen females with obesity (BMI = 39 ± 6 kg/m(2) ) were studied before and after ∼10 days of a very-low-calorie-diet (VLCD)...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944593/fifty-years-of-behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-overweight-and-obesity-where-have-we-been-and-where-are-we-going
#12
REVIEW
Donald A Williamson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the literature pertaining to the structure and content of intensive lifestyle interventions (ILIs) for overweight/obesity since Richard Stuart described this new treatment approach in 1967. A consensus opinion has formed that behavioral/lifestyle treatment of overweight and obesity should be viewed as a mainstream intervention for the treatment and prevention of type 2 diabetes and medical complications associated with obesity. METHODS: The development of modern ILIs and demonstration of their efficacy are compared by structure, content, and efficacy of four major randomized controlled trials: Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), Look AHEAD, POUNDS Lost, and CALERIE...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941206/depot-specific-response-of-adipose-tissue-to-diet-induced-inflammation-the-retinoid-related-orphan-receptor-%C3%AE-ror%C3%AE-involved
#13
Sarah Kadiri, Martine Auclair, Jacqueline Capeau, Bénédicte Antoine
OBJECTIVE: Epididymal adipose tissue (EAT), a visceral fat depot, is more closely associated with metabolic dysfunction than inguinal adipose tissue (IAT), a subcutaneous depot. This study evaluated whether the nuclear receptor RORα, which controls inflammatory processes, could be implicated. METHODS: EAT and IAT were compared in a RORα loss-of-function mouse (sg/sg) and in wild-type (WT) littermates, fed a standard diet (SD) or a Western diet (WD), to evaluate the impact of RORα expression on inflammatory status and on insulin sensitivity (IS) of each fat depot according to the diet...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941205/asian-adolescents-with-excess-weight-are-at-higher-risk-for-insulin-resistance-than-non-asian-peers
#14
Ahmed Elsamadony, Kathy F Yates, Victoria Sweat, Po Lai Yau, Alex Mangone, Adriana Joseph, Arthur Fierman, Antonio Convit
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Asian American adolescents have higher metabolic risk from excess weight than non-Asians. METHODS: Seven hundred thirty-three students, aged 14 to 19 years old, completed a school-based health screening. The 427 Asian and 306 non-Asian students were overall equivalent on age, sex, and family income. Height, weight, waist circumference, percent body fat, and blood pressure were measured. Fasting triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins, glucose, and insulin levels were measured...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940996/change-in-alcohol-intake-in-relation-to-weight-change-in-a-cohort-of-us-men-with-24-years-of-follow-up
#15
Mary Kathryn Downer, Monica L Bertoia, Ken J Mukamal, Eric B Rimm, Meir J Stampfer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the potential effects of alcohol by subtype on reported long-term weight change. METHODS: This study examined changes in alcohol intake (total, wine, light beer, regular beer, and liquor) and simultaneous changes in reported body weight within 4-year periods from 1986 to 2010 from US men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. The study adjusted for age, changes in lifestyle and dietary covariates, and cardiovascular risk factors...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940967/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-maintenance-among-individuals-enrolled-in-a-lifestyle-intervention
#16
Jessica L Unick, Sarah A Gaussoin, James O Hill, John M Jakicic, Dale S Bond, Margareta Hellgren, Karen C Johnson, Anne L Peters, Mace Coday, Dalane W Kitzman, Suzette Bossart, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and 4-year weight loss (WL) and WL maintenance among individuals with diabetes enrolled in the Look AHEAD trial. METHODS: MVPA was measured in a subgroup of lifestyle intervention participants with accelerometry data at baseline and at 1 and 4 years (n = 553; age: 59.7 ± 6.8 y; BMI: 35.5 ± 5.9 kg/m(2) ). Minutes per week of bout-related MVPA were calculated (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents, ≥ 10-min bouts), and adherence to the national physical activity (PA) recommendation for WL maintenance (≥ 250 min/wk) was assessed...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924987/influence-of-a-gas-exchange-correction-procedure-on-resting-metabolic-rate-and-respiratory-quotient-in-humans
#17
Jose E Galgani, Mauricio A Castro-Sepulveda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of a gas exchange correction protocol on resting metabolic rate (RMR) and respiratory quotient (RQ), assessed by a Vmax Encore 29n metabolic cart (SensorMedics Co., Yorba Linda, California) in overnight fasted and fed humans, and to assess the predictive power of body size for corrected and uncorrected RMR. METHODS: Healthy participants (23 M/29 F; 34 ± 9 years old; 26.3 ± 3.7 kg/m(2) ) ingested two 3-hour-apart glucose loads (75 g)...
September 19, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922573/diastolic-blood-pressure-rises-with-the-exacerbation-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-males
#18
Wei Hu, Xian Jin, Chengjun Chen, Peng Zhang, Dandan Li, Qian Su, Guizhi Yin, Yanwen Hang
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the association pattern between blood pressure (BP), metabolism changes, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity within male OSA patients. METHODS: The association between systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), glucose, lipids, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), and arousal index (ArI) was evaluated after adjustment for BMI and waist circumference/hip circumference ratio (WHR) in 1,370 male OSA patients. RESULTS: In the multiple linear regression models using SBP as an independent variable, SBP did not associate with the increase of any OSA indexes...
September 18, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922565/-metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-hyperuricemia-increase-risk-for-hypertension-and-diabetes-5-year-japanese-cohort-study
#19
Masanari Kuwabara, Remi Kuwabara, Ichiro Hisatome, Koichiro Niwa, Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Petter Bjornstad, Ana Andres-Hernando, Yuka Sato, Thomas Jensen, Gabriela Garcia, Minoru Ohno, James O Hill, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Whether obesity without metabolic syndrome (i.e., "metabolically healthy" obesity) confers similar or less metabolic risk remains controversial. METHODS: A retrospective 5-year cohort study of 9,721 Japanese subjects (48.5 ± 10.5 years, 4,160 men) was conducted in 2004 and reevaluated 5 years later. Subjects were excluded if they were hypertensive or diabetic or were receiving medications for dyslipidemia and/or gout or hyperuricemia in 2004. Study subjects were categorized according to baseline BMI  ≥ 25 kg/m(2) (overweight/obesity) and < 25 kg/m(2) (lean/normal weight) and also whether they had metabolic syndrome...
September 18, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922564/obesity-alters-b-cell-and-macrophage-populations-in-brown-adipose-tissue
#20
Kristin R Peterson, David K Flaherty, Alyssa H Hasty
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of obesity continues to rise, and it is understood that regulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) function is important to systemic metabolic homeostasis. Immune cells play a central role in the maintenance of WAT, and their compositions change in number and inflammatory phenotype with the progression of obesity. Because of its energy-burning capabilities, brown adipose tissue (BAT) has become a focus of obesity research. Although novel studies have focused on the function of brown adipocytes in thermogenesis, the tissue as a whole has not been immunologically characterized...
September 18, 2017: Obesity
journal
journal
41257
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"