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Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212596/in-response-to-normalization-of-plus-size-and-the-danger-of-unseen-overweight-and-obesity-in-england
#1
LETTER
Stuart W Flint, Sarah Le Brocq, James Nobles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204957/muttarak-s-study-design-cannot-support-the-link-between-the-body-positive-movement-and-overweight-or-obesity
#2
LETTER
Jessica M Alleva, Tracy L Tylka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204944/response-to-alleva-and-tylka-and-flint-et-al
#3
LETTER
Raya Muttarak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204942/age-at-introduction-of-solid-food-and-obesity-throughout-the-life-course
#4
Muna J Tahir, Karin B Michels, Walter C Willett, Michele R Forman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between age at solid food (SF) introduction and obesity throughout the life course. METHODS: Among 31,816 mother- nurse daughter dyads in the Nurses' Mothers' Cohort Study and the Nurses' Health Study II, information was collected on age at SF introduction, body somatotype at ages 5 and 10, and Body Mass Index at age 18 and in adulthood. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for obesity throughout life were estimated using logistic regression models with adjustment for parental and nurse daughter covariates...
September 11, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204940/lifestyle-intervention-decreases-urine-trimethylamine-n-oxide-levels-in-prepubertal-children-with-obesity
#5
María Jesús Leal-Witt, Marina Llobet, Sara Samino, Pol Castellano, Daniel Cuadras, Josep C Jimenez-Chillaron, Oscar Yanes, Marta Ramon-Krauel, Carles Lerin
OBJECTIVE: Early lifestyle interventions in children with obesity decrease risk of obesity and metabolic disorders during adulthood. This study aimed to identify metabolic signatures associated with lifestyle intervention in urine samples from prepubertal children with obesity. METHODS: Thirty-four prepubertal children with obesity were studied before and after a 6-month lifestyle intervention program, and anthropometric, metabolic, and nutritional variables were collected...
September 11, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204939/oral-glucose-tolerance-is-associated-with-neuroelectric-indices-of-attention-among-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Grace M Niemiro, Sarah K Skinner, Anne M Walk, Caitlyn G Edwards, Michael De Lisio, Hannah D Holscher, Nicholas A Burd, Naiman A Khan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between glucose levels and insulin resistance and sensitivity obtained from oral glucose tolerance tests and neurophysiological indices of attention among adults with overweight and obesity. METHODS: Forty adults with overweight or obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to assess visceral adipose tissue. Repeated venous blood samples were collected during an oral glucose tolerance test to measure insulin resistance (homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance) and indices of insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index and Stumvoll metabolic clearance rate)...
September 11, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070039/metabolic-effects-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-a-brief-review
#7
Allison C Sylvetsky
Low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) are found in a variety of foods and beverages, yet their role in diet, weight, and obesity-related chronic disease is controversial. This article summarizes proceedings from one of four presentations during a preconference session entitled "Low-Calorie Sweeteners and Weight Management," which took place at the 2017 Obesity Society Annual Meeting in Washington, District of Columbia. The objective of this brief review is to summarize findings of observational and interventional studies of LCS effects on weight and metabolic health and to provide potential explanations for their discrepant results...
August 1, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175908/it-weigh-t-s-on-you-everyday-discrimination-and-adiposity-among-latinos
#8
Kristine M Molina, Mayra L Estrella, Noemi Rivera-Olmedo, Christine Frisard, Stephenie Lemon, Milagros C Rosal
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests discrimination increases the risk of obesity. The biopsychosocial model of racism posits that psychological factors such as depressive symptoms may link experiences of perceived interpersonal discrimination to obesity. This study tested whether self-reported experiences of everyday discrimination were associated with adiposity indicators and whether depressive symptoms explained these associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data of 602 Latino adults living in Lawrence, Massachusetts, from the Latino Health and Well-being Project (2011-2013) were used...
September 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160061/two-year-results-of-think-health-%C3%A2-vive-saludable-a-primary-care-weight-management-trial
#9
Shiriki K Kumanyika, Knashawn H Morales, Kelly C Allison, A Russell Localio, David B Sarwer, Etienne Phipps, Jennifer E Fassbender, Adam G Tsai, Thomas A Wadden
OBJECTIVE: Think Health! ¡Vive Saludable! evaluated a moderate-intensity, lifestyle behavior-change weight-loss program in primary care over 2 years of treatment. Final analyses examined weight-change trajectories by treatment group and attendance. METHODS: Adult primary care patients (n = 261; 84% female; 65% black; 16% Hispanic) were randomly assigned to Basic Plus (moderate intensity; counseling by primary care clinician and a lifestyle coach) or Basic (clinician counseling only)...
September 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120821/impact-of-maternal-bmi-on-rubella-nonimmunity-at-antenatal-screening
#10
Shuk Yi Annie Hui, Daljit S Sahota, Terence T Lao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI and the incidence of rubella nonimmunity among pregnant women with regard to the World Health Organization categories. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 117,063 eligible gravidas, managed between 1998 and 2015 in a university hospital of Hong Kong, China. BMI at antenatal booking was banded using the following World Health Organization definitions: < 18.5 kg/m2 , 18...
September 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070055/adiposity-and-diabetes-risk-in-adults-with-prediabetes-heterogeneity-of-findings-depending-on-age-and-anthropometric-measure
#11
Carolina Giráldez-García, Josep Franch-Nadal, F Javier Sangrós, Antonio Ruiz, Francisco Carramiñana, Albert Goday, Mercè Villaró, F Javier García-Soidán, Rosario Serrano, Enrique Regidor
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of age on diabetes incidence by general and central adiposity after 3-year follow-up in adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Data were taken from a cohort of 1,184 subjects with prediabetes included in The Cohort Study in Primary Health Care on the Evolution of Patients with Prediabetes (PREDAPS). General adiposity was defined using body mass index (BMI), and central adiposity was defined with waist circumference and waist to height ratio...
September 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138548/correlates-of-weight-loss-methods-among-young-adults-in-canada
#12
Amanda Raffoul, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of various weight-loss behaviors among young adults in Canada and differences in the use of these methods by demographic characteristics, health literacy, and perceived body size. METHODS: Data from the 2016 wave of the Canada Food Study were used, which collected self-reported information from 3,000 young adults in five cities. Linear regression models were conducted to investigate correlates of the number and type of weight-loss methods used across the following four categories: dietary changes, physical activity, assisted weight-loss methods, and unhealthy behaviors...
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138547/two-year-changes-in-child-weight-status-diet-and-activity-by-neighborhood-nutrition-and-physical-activity-environment
#13
Brian E Saelens, Karen Glanz, Lawrence D Frank, Sarah C Couch, Chuan Zhou, Trina Colburn, James F Sallis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine 2-year changes in weight status and behaviors among children living in neighborhoods differing on nutrition and activity environments. METHODS: A prospective observational study, the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study, was conducted in King County, Washington, and San Diego County, California. Children 6 to 12 years old and a parent or caregiver completed Time 1 (n = 681) and Time 2 (n = 618) assessments. Children lived in neighborhoods characterized as "high/favorable" or "low/unfavorable" in nutrition and activity environments, respectively (four neighborhood types)...
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138546/attempt-to-replicate-evidence-that-weight-and-shape-concerns-amplify-the-effects-of-gradual-lifestyle-improvement-obesity-prevention-programs
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138545/the-population-cost-effectiveness-of-weight-watchers-with-general-practitioner-referral-compared-with-standard-care
#15
Sharyn Lymer, Deborah Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Crystal Man Ying Lee, Nicholas Fuller, Ian Caterson, Stephen Colagiuri
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess population-level cost-effectiveness of the Weight Watchers (WW) program with doctor referral compared with standard care (SC) for Australian adults with overweight and obesity. METHODS: The target population was Australian adults ≥ 20 years old with BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2 , whose obesity status was subsequently modeled for 2015 to 2025. A microsimulation model (noncommunicable disease model [NCDMod]) was used to assess the incremental cost-effectiveness of WW compared with SC...
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138544/finding-adequate-scale-for-obesity-care
#16
Scott Kahan, Theodore K Kyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070075/loss-of-control-of-hiv-viremia-with-otc-weight-loss-drugs-a-call-for-caution
#17
Dario Cattaneo, Andrea Giacomelli, Cristina Gervasoni
Improved survival achieved by HIV-infected patients has complicated their medical care, as increasing numbers of comorbidities have led to polypharmacy and a higher risk of drug-drug interactions. Here, evidence is provided that weight-loss drugs should be used with caution in HIV-infected patients treated with lipophilic antiretroviral drugs because of the risk of virologic failure. This is particularly relevant considering that these agents are available on the market as over-the-counter medications, thus escaping the control of the physician...
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070051/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension-systolic-versus-diastolic-blood-pressure
#18
LETTER
Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070045/how-accurate-are-recalls-of-self-weighing-frequency-data-from-a-24-month-randomized-trial
#19
Melissa M Crane, Kara Gavin, Julian Wolfson, Jennifer A Linde
INTRODUCTION: Self-weighing is an important component of self-monitoring during weight loss. However, methods of measuring self-weighing frequency need to be validated. This analysis compared self-reported and objective weighing frequency. METHODS: Data came from a 24-month randomized controlled trial. Participants received 12 months of a behavioral weight-loss program and were randomly assigned to (1) daily self-weighing, (2) weekly weighing, or (3) no weighing (excluded from analysis)...
August 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30070042/response-to-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension-systolic-versus-diastolic-blood-pressure
#20
LETTER
Wei Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Obesity
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