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Internal and Emergency Medicine

Brian Reed Curtis, Eric E Curtis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
James Demetrios Douketis
The American College of Chest Physicians recently updated their practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with venous thromboembolism, comprising deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. The 2016 guidelines represent the tenth iteration of these guidelines, which are widely used, and are considered as the reference standard for practice guidelines related to venous thromboembolism. The objectives of this review are to highlight the key recommendations that are new in these guidelines, to address recommendations that may be considered controversial, and to touch on areas of ongoing research that may better inform some of these recommendations...
October 20, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Mohamed Osama Hegazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Erin R Weeda, Philip S Wells, W Frank Peacock, Gregory J Fermann, Christopher W Baugh, Veronica Ashton, Concetta Crivera, Peter Wildgoose, Jeff R Schein, Craig I Coleman
We sought to compare length-of-stay (LOS), total hospital costs, and readmissions among pulmonary embolism (PE) patients treated with rivaroxaban versus parenterally bridged warfarin. We identified adult PE (primary diagnostic code = 415.1x) patients in the Premier Database (11/2012-9/2015), and included those with ≥1 PE diagnostic test on days 0-2. Rivaroxaban users (allowing ≤2 days of prior parenteral therapy) were 1:1 propensity score matched to patients parenterally bridged to warfarin. LOS, total costs, and readmission for venous thromboembolism (VTE) or major bleeding within the same or subsequent 2 months were compared between cohorts...
October 18, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Cameron Hypes, John Sakles, Raj Joshi, Jeremy Greenberg, Bhupinder Natt, Josh Malo, John Bloom, Harsharon Chopra, Jarrod Mosier
The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the association between first attempt success and intubation-related complications in the Intensive Care Unit after the widespread adoption of video laryngoscopy. We further sought to characterize and identify the predictors of complications that occur despite first attempt success. This was a prospective observational study of consecutive intubations performed with video laryngoscopy at an academic medical Intensive Care Unit. Operator, procedural, and complication data were collected...
October 13, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Susana Garcia-Gutierrez, José Maria Quintana, Ane Antón-Ladislao, Maria Soledad Gallardo, Esther Pulido, Irene Rilo, Elena Zubillaga, Miren Morillas, José Juan Onaindia, Nekane Murga, Ricardo Palenzuela, José González Ruiz
Our aims were to create and validate a clinical decision rule to assess severity in acute heart failure. We conducted a prospective cohort study of patients with symptoms of acute heart failure who attended the emergency departments (EDs) of three hospitals between April 2011 and April 2013. The following data were collected on arrival to or during the stay in the ED: baseline severity of symptoms; presence of decompensated comorbidities; number of hospital admissions/visits to EDs for acute heart failure during the previous 24 months; triggers of the exacerbation; clinical signs and symptoms; results of ancillary tests requested in the ED; treatments prescribed; and response to the initial treatment in the ED...
October 11, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Christian Michael Horvath, Martin Horvath Brutsche, Otto Dagobert Schoch, Bernarde Schillig, Florent Baty, Dieter vonOw, Jochen Julius Rüdiger
Non-invasive ventilatory support is frequently used in patients with severe respiratory failure (SRF), but is often limited to intensive care units (ICU). We hypothesized that an instantaneous short course of NIV (up to 2 h), limited to regular working hours as an additional therapy on the emergency department (ED) would be feasible and could improve patient´s dyspnoea measured by respiratory rate and Borg visual dyspnea scale. NIV was set up by an interdisciplinary respiratory care team. Outside these predefined hours NIV was performed in the ICU...
October 8, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Ajay Yadlapati, Mark Gajjar, Daniel R Schimmel, Mark J Ricciardi, James D Flaherty
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), which constitutes nearly 25-40 % of current acute myocardial infarction (AMI) cases, is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Since the 2013 STEMI practice guidelines, a wealth of additional data that may further advance optimal STEMI practices has emerged. These data highlight the importance of improving patient treatment and transport algorithms for STEMI from non-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers. In addition, a focus on the reduction of total pain-to-balloon (P2B) times rather than simply door-to-balloon (D2B) times may further improve outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI...
October 6, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Mougnyan Cox, Pranshu Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Ilana Levy, Samuel Attias, Eran Ben-Arye, Lee Goldstein, Elad Schiff
Dietary and herbal supplements (DHS) are widely used in the general population, including during hospitalization. Yet, their potential interactions with prescription drugs have seldom been delineated among inpatients. We aimed to evaluate potentially dangerous interactions of DHS with prescribed medications among inpatients. This was a cross-sectional prospective study involving a cohort of patients hospitalized in 12 departments of a public academic medical center (Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel) from 2009 to 2014...
October 5, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Rita Formisano, Daniela Silvestro, Eva Azicnuda, Eloïse Longo, Carmen Barba, Jessica Rigon, Mariagrazia D'Ippolito, Marco Giustini, Umberto Bivona
To validate the proxy version of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) questionnaire to utilize caregivers for comparison and to evaluate the correspondence between patients' self-perceived and caregivers' perception of patients' Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Ninety-two patients with severe TBI and their main caregivers were enrolled. Patients' and caregivers' HRQoL was assessed by the Patient-QOLIBRI (Pt-QOLIBRI) and the Proxy-QOLIBRI (Pro-QOLIBRI), respectively. The Pro-QOLIBRI is a modified version of the QOLIBRI to investigate caregivers' perception of patients' HRQoL (Pro-QOLIBRIpatient-centered), and their degree of satisfaction and botheredness (Pro-QOLIBRIcaregiver centered)...
September 29, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Jari Pirnes, Tero Ala-Kokko
Accidental hypothermia has a low incidence, but is associated with a high mortality rate. Knowledge about concomitant factors, complications, and length of hospital stay is limited. A retrospective cohort study on patients with accidental hypothermia admitted to Oulu University Hospital in Finland, over a 5-year period. Patients were categorized as short-stay patients (7 days or less) and long-stay patients (more than 7 days) according to their length of stay in hospital. From a total of 105 patients, 67 patients were included in the analyses...
September 27, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Toshiharu Fujii, Hirofumi Nagamatsu, Masataka Nakano, Yohei Ohno, Gaku Nakazawa, Norihiko Shinozaki, Fuminobu Yoshimachi, Yuji Ikari
Although extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is utilized for acute hemodynamic collapse, clinical outcomes for such patients are uncertain. The present study examined 30-day clinical outcomes in patients treated with ECLS for acute hemodynamic collapse, and determined the factors associated with 30-day mortality in patients who required ECLS for cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). A total of 200 patients, in whom emergency ECLS was utilized for acute hemodynamic collapse from 2006 to 2015, were analyzed retrospectively...
September 24, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Riccardo Polosa, Pasquale Caponnetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Francesco Violi, Gino Roberto Corazza, Stephen Hugh Caldwell, Francesco Perticone, Angelo Gatta, Mario Angelico, Alessio Farcomeni, Michela Masotti, Laura Napoleone, Annarita Vestri, Valeria Raparelli, Stefania Basili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Daniele Cammelli, Gianfranco Vitiello, Boaz Palterer, Andrea Rosi, Luciano Gabbani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Chiara Mozzini, Ulisse Garbin, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Luciano Cominacini
Current evidence suggests the likelihood of a link between venous thromboembolism (VTE) and atherosclerosis, although they have been traditionally considered as different pathological entities. The contribution of neutrophils to human atherogenesis has been underestimated, if compared to their contribution established in VTE. This is due to the major importance attributed to macrophages in plaque destabilization. Nevertheless, the role of neutrophils in atherogenesis deserves increasing attention. In particular, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are net-like chromatin fibres that are released from dying neutrophils...
September 21, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Simone Vanni, Paolo Vannucchi, Pietro Amedeo Modesti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Irene Cacciola, Riccardo Scoglio, Angela Alibrandi, Giovanni Squadrito, Giovanni Raimondo
The evaluation of serum liver enzyme levels is the most used surrogate marker of liver injury in clinical practice. The prevalence and association of abnormal enzyme values with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, and with other major causes of liver damage (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and alcohol abuse) were evaluated in individuals attending the surgeries of 14 general practitioners (GPs) working in Messina. Alanine-amino-transferase, aspartate-amino-transferase, and gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase measurements were measured in 7816 individuals consecutively attending the GP surgeries between January 1, 2011 and June 30, 2012...
September 19, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Carlotta Casati, Matteo Castelli, Andrea Pavellini, Cosimo Caviglioli, Rudi Pecci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
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