journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Cardiology Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317490/speculative-considerations-about-some-cardiology-enigmas
#1
Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora, Andre Schmidt, Livia Arcêncio, José Antonio Marin-Neto
Write a review text or point-of-view that takes into account the interests, if not of all, but of most readers of a scientific journal is an arduous task. The editorial can be grounded in published articles, even in a single article of undeniable importance and, it can also represent a trend of specialty. Therefore, especially for the sake of the reader's motivation, the present text was freely designed to discuss some cardiology enigmas in the context of the heart valve and coronary artery disease (CAD). Concerning the CAD five well-known enigmas will be considered: 1) The absence of arteriosclerosis in intramyocardial coronary arteries; 2) The unique and always confirmed superior evolution of the left internal thoracic artery as a coronary graft; 3) The prophylactic left internal thoracic artery graft in mildly-stenosed coronary lesions, and; 4) The high incidence of perioperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with CAD, and; 5) The handling of disease-free saphenous vein graft at the time of reoperation...
March 17, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215178/oxidative-stress-and-cardiovascular-aging-interaction-between-nrf-2-and-adma
#2
Nandini Nair, Enrique Gongora
BACKGROUND The concept of antioxidant therapies assumes high importance as oxidative stress is associated with cardiovascular aging via endothelial dysfunction. This review focusses on exploring the interaction between nrf-2 and ADMA in influencing the nitric oxide pathway and cardiovascular function. OBJECTIVE A systematic review of literature from 1990 to 2016 was conducted using Pubmed and Google Scholar. The literature suggests a strong influence of nrf-2 activation on up regulation of DDAH I which degrades ADMA , the endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase ...
February 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190386/high-density-lipoprotein-and-low-density-lipoprotein-therapeutic-approaches-in-acute-coronary-syndromes
#3
Emmanuel Androulakis, Effimia Zacharia, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Eirini Lioudaki, Dimitris Bertsias, Marietta Charakida, Gerasimos Siasos, Dimitris Tousoulis
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), and especially its oxidized form, renders the atherosclerotic plaque vulnerable to rupture in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). On the other hand, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is considered an anti-atherogenic molecule. The more recent HDL-targeted drugs may prove to be superior to those used before. Indeed, delipidated HDL and HDL mimetics are efficient in increasing HDL levels, while the apoA-I upregulation with RVX-208 appears to offer a clinical benefit which is beyond the HDL related effects...
February 9, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124593/the-short-and-long-term-efficacy-of-pulmonary-vein-isolation-as-a-sole-treatment-strategy-for-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Zsuzsanna Kis, Taulant Muka, Oscar H Franco, Wichor M Bramer, Lennart J De Vries, Attila Kardos, Tamas Szili-Torok
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an accepted treatment strategy for catheter ablation (CA) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). In this study we aimed to assess the short, mid- and long-term outcome of PVI as a sole treatment strategy for PAF. METHODS: Six bibliographic electronic databases were searched to identify all published relevant studies until December 14, 2015. Search of the scientific literature was performed for studies describing outcomes with mean follow-up > 24 months after PAF ablation...
January 17, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093988/adherence-to-secondary-prophylaxis-for-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Priya Minaxi Kevat, Benjamin M Reeves, Alan R Ruben, Ronny Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: Optimal delivery of regular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) injections prescribed as secondary prophylaxis for acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is vital to preventing disease morbidity and cardiac sequelae in affected pediatric and young adult populations. However, poor uptake of secondary prophylaxis remains a significant challenge to ARF/RHD control programs. OBJECTIVE: In order to facilitate better understanding of this challenge and thereby identify means to improve service delivery, this systematic literature review explored rates of adherence and factors associated with adherence to secondary prophylaxis for ARF and RHD worldwide...
January 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093987/the-prognostic-value-of-heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-in-patients-with-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#6
Julia D Jones, Pei Gee Chew, Rebecca Dobson, Andrew Wootton, Reza Ashrafi, Aleem Khand
BACKGROUND: Heart type fatty acid protein(HFABP) is a cytosolic protein released early after acute coronary syndrome(ACS) even in the absence of myocardial necrosis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether HFABP levels in patients with suspected, or confirmed ACS, improves risk stratification when added to established means of risk assessment. METHODS: We searched Medline, Pubmed and Embase databases from inception to July 2015 to identify prospective studies with suspected or confirmed ACS, who had HFABP measured during the index admission with at least 1 month follow up data...
January 16, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093989/preface
#7
Jian An Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633073/considerations-in-understanding-the-coronary-blood-flow-left-ventricular-mass-relationship-in-patients-with-hypertension
#8
REVIEW
Simon W Rabkin
BACKGROUND: Coronary blood flow (CBF) is essential for optimal cardiac performance and to maintain myocardial viability. There is considerable ambiguity concerning CBF in hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between CBF and left ventricular (LV) mass in persons with hypertension. METHODS: OvidSP Medline was systematically searched. Eligible articles assessed CBF, and LV mass in adults with and without hypertension (HTN)...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492229/imaging-subclinical-atherosclerosis-where-do-we-stand
#9
REVIEW
Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Alexandros Briasoulis, Emmanuel Androulakis, Dimitris Tousoulis
The age of initiation and the rate of progression of atherosclerosis vary markedly among individuals and have been difficult to predict with traditional cardiovascular risk assessment models. Although these risk models provide good discrimination and calibration in certain populations, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk may not be accurately estimated in low- and intermediate risk individuals. Therefore, imaging techniques such as Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), Coronary Artery Calcium score (CAC), carotid Intima-Media Thickness (cIMT), flow mediated dilation (FMD) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) have been developed and used to reclassify these individuals...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492228/helminth-infections-and-cardiovascular-diseases-toxocara-species-is-contributing-to-the-disease
#10
REVIEW
Mohammad Zibaei
Toxocariasis is the clinical term used to describe human infection with either the dog ascarid Toxocara canis or the feline ascarid Toxocara cati. As with other helminths zoonoses, the infective larvae of these Toxocara species cannot mature into adults in the human host. Instead, the worms wander through organs and tissues, mainly the liver, lungs, myocardium, kidney and central nervous system, in a vain attempt to find that, which they need to mature into adults. The migration of these immature nematode larvae causes local and systemic inflammation, resulting in the "larva migrans" syndrome...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492227/cardiac-imaging-in-heart-failure-with-comorbidities
#11
REVIEW
Chiew Wong, Sylvia Chen, Pupalan Iyngkaran
Imaging modalities stand at the frontiers for progress in congestive heart failure (CHF) screening, risk stratification and monitoring. Advancements in echocardiography (ECHO) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) have allowed for improved tissue characterizations, cardiac motion analysis, and cardiac performance analysis under stress. Common cardiac comorbidities such as hypertension, metabolic syndromes and chronic renal failure contribute to cardiac remodeling, sharing similar pathophysiological mechanisms starting with interstitial changes, structural changes and finally clinical CHF...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450450/novel-oral-anticoagulants-in-atrial-fibrillation-update-on-apixaban
#12
REVIEW
Kenechukwu Mezue, Chukwudi Obiagwu, Jinu John, Abhishek Sharma, Felix Yang, Jacob Shani
Almost 800,000 new or recurrent strokes occur every year. Atrial fibrillation, the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is a major risk factor for stroke, accounting for 15-20% of ischemic strokes. Apixaban is a direct inhibitor of Factor Xa that was approved in December 2012 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the prevention of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. It is part of a family of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) which has advantage over warfarin of less dosing variability, rapid onset of action and no INR monitoring required...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411342/incremental-value-of-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-the-functional-assessment-and-characterization-of-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#13
REVIEW
Prasad Gunasekaran, Sidakpal Panaich, Alexandros Briasoulis, Shaun Cardozo, Luis Afonso
Subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction refers to subtle abnormalities in LV function which typically precede a reduction in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The assessment of myocardial function using LVEF, a radial metric of systolic function, is subject to load dependence, intra-observer and inter-observer variability. Reductions in LVEF typically manifest late in the disease process thus compromising the ability to intervene before irreversible impairment of systolic performance sets in...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225893/the-role-of-pkr-as-a-potential-target-for-treating-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Arti Dhar
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally with limited treatment options. Despite improved pharmacological therapy, scientific understandings on the root mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases are still not fully understood. It is well known that inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and controlling this inflammatory pathway may inhibit the progression of this chronic disease. Protein Kinase R (PKR), a serine threonine kinase is activated during various pathological conditions...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142050/adherence-to-cardiac-practice-guidelines-in-the-management-of-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Josien Engel, Nikki L Damen, Ineke van der Wulp, Martine C de Bruijne, Cordula Wagner
BACKGROUND: In the management of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTACS) a gap between guideline-recommended care and actual practice has been reported. A systematic overview of the actual extent of this gap, its potential impact on patient-outcomes, and influential factors is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent of guideline adherence, to study associations with the occurrence of adverse cardiac events, and to identify factors associated with guideline adherence...
2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017123/current-state-of-bioabsorbable-polymer-coated-drug-eluting-stents
#16
Akinapelli Absdhilash, Jack P Chen, Kristine Roy, Joseph Donnelly, Keith Dawkins, Barbara Huibregtse, Dongming Hou
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been shown to significantly reduce clinical and angiographic restenosis compared to bare metal stents (BMS). The polymer coatings on DES elute antiproliferative drugs to inhibit intimal proliferation and prevent restenosis after stent implantation. Permanent polymers which do not degrade in vivo may increase the likelihood of stent-related delayed arterial healing or polymer hypersensitivity. In turn, these limitations may contribute to an increased risk of late clinical events...
December 22, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799029/strain-imaging-echocardiography-what-imaging-cardiologists-should-know
#17
Dagmar Fredy Hernandez-Suarez, Angel López-Candales
Despite recent advances in clinical imaging, echocardiography remains as the most accessible and reliable noninvasive imaging modality to assess the left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Since knowledge of LV function remains so critically important in determining prognosis; every effort should be made to prevent subjective estimations. The advent of strain imaging echocardiography now offers a readily available and portable imaging tool that not only offers an objective characterization of myocardial dynamics; but also allows for early detection of subclinical left ventricular dysfunction...
October 28, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799028/right-heart-catheterization-through-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-an-extremely-rare-procedure-and-review-of-current-literature
#18
Abdel Rahman Al Emam, Ahmed Abuzaid, Mohammad Chamsi Pasha
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is encountered occasionally during angiographic procedures. It usually coexists with right superior vena cava and drains to the right atrium through the coronary sinus, but multiple variations are described. Although PLSVC is extensively reported in the literature, there are very few articles addressing right heart catheterization in patients with isolated PLSVC. We present a patient with absent right superior vena cava and PLSVC draining to a dilated coronary sinus diagnosed during right heart catheterization in the setting of pulmonary hypertension...
October 28, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758696/immune-inflammatory-activation-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-look-into-the-heart-of-unstable-coronary-plaque
#19
Giovanni Cimmino, Francesco S Loffredo, Alberto Morello, Saverio D Elia, Raffaele De Palma, Plinio Cirillo, Paolo Golino
In the last twenty years, our comprehension of the molecular mechanisms involved in formation, progression and complication of atherosclerotic plaque has advanced significantly and the main role of inflammation and immunity in this phenomenon is now largely accepted. Accumulating evidence highlight the crucial role of different inflammatory and immune cells, such as monocytes and T-lymphocytes, in the pathophysiology of atherosclerotic lesion, particularly in contributing to its complications, such as rupture or ulceration...
October 13, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758695/what-s-old-is-new-again-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-of-colchicine-in-cardiovascular-medicine
#20
Guang-Ming Tan, Bryan P Yan
Colchicine is a well-established drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the prevention and treatment of gout. It processes unique anti-inflammatory properties. Interests in the usage of colchicine in cardiovascular medicine have been rekindled recently with several large trials been carried out to investigate its efficacy in treatment of various cardiac conditions including pericarditis, postpericardiotomy syndrome, atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease. In this review, the basic pharmacological properties of colchicine will be discussed, and the evidences of its benefits for different applications in cardiovascular medicine will be reviewed...
October 13, 2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
journal
journal
41223
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"