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Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350583/author-accepted-manuscript-morphological-structure-mediates-notional-meaning-of-gender-marking-evidence-from-the-gender-congruency-effect-in-speech-production-in-hebrew
#1
Avital Deutsch, Maya Dank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350582/author-accepted-manuscript-the-repeated-name-penalty-effect-in-children-s-natural-reading-evidence-from-eye-tracking
#2
Sarah Eilers, Simon Tiffin-Richards, Sascha Schroeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350108/author-accepted-manuscript-the-role-of-stimulus-comparison-in-animal-perceptual-learning-effects-of-a-distractor-placement
#3
Sergio Andrés Recio Rodríguez, Adela Florentina Iliescu, Isabel de Brugada Sauras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350107/author-accepted-manuscript-the-effects-of-ethnicity-musicianship-and-tone-language-experience-on-pitch-perception
#4
Yi Zheng, Arthur G Samuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350106/author-accepted-manuscript-cross-cultural-differences-in-adult-theory-of-mind-abilities-a-comparison-of-native-english-speakers-and-native-chinese-speakers-on-the-self-other-differentiation-task
#5
Elisabeth E F Bradford, Ines Jentzsch, Juan Carlos Gomez, Yulu Chen, Da Zhang, Yanjie Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350105/author-accepted-manuscript-persistent-modification-of-cognitive-control-through-attention-training
#6
Bart Aben, Blerina Iseni, Eva Van de Bussche, Tom Verguts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313740/the-influence-of-personality-and-working-memory-capacity-on-implicit-learning
#7
Francisco Javier Guzmán Muñoz
The main objective of this study was to influence implicit learning through two different classical manipulations and to inspect whether working memory capacity (WMC) and personality were related to the different measures of learning. With that purpose, in Experiment 1 we asked 172 undergraduate students of psychology to perform a serial reaction time (SRT) task under single- or dual-task conditions and to complete a WMC task and a personality test. In Experiment 2, 164 students performed the SRT task under incidental or intentional conditions and also filled a WMC task and a personality test...
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862575/proceedings-of-the-experimental-psychology-society-2017
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775482/rapid-proportion-comparison-with-spatial-arrays-of-frequently-used-meaningful-visual-symbols
#9
Naoto Sakuma, Eiji Kimura, Ken Goryo
It has been shown that when two arrays of Arabic numerals were briefly presented, observers could accurately indicate which array contained the larger number of a target numeral. This study investigated whether this rapid proportion comparison can be extended to other meaningful symbols that share some of notable properties of Arabic numerals. We tested mainly several Japanese Kanji letters, each of which represents a meaning and can work as a word. Using physically identical stimulus sets that could be interpreted as different types of letters, Experiment 1 first confirmed the rapid proportion comparison with Arabic numerals for Japanese participants...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734764/instructions-to-mimic-improve-facial-emotion-recognition-in-people-with-sub-clinical-autism-traits
#10
Michael B Lewis, Emily Dunn
People tend to mimic the facial expression of others. It has been suggested that this helps provide social glue between affiliated people but it could also aid recognition of emotions through embodied cognition. The degree of facial mimicry, however, varies between individuals and is limited in people with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). The present study sought to investigate the effect of promoting facial mimicry during a facial-emotion-recognition test. In two experiments, participants without an ASC diagnosis had their autism quotient (AQ) measured...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696936/context-specific-adjustment-of-cognitive-control-transfer-of-adaptive-control-sets
#11
Caroline Surrey, Gesine Dreisbach, Rico Fischer
Cognitive control protects processing of relevant information from interference by irrelevant information. The level of this processing selectivity can be flexibly adjusted to different control demands (e.g., frequency of conflict) associated with a certain context, leading to the formation of specific context-control associations. In the present study we investigated the robustness and transferability of the acquired context-control demands to new situations. In three experiments, we used a version of the context-specific proportion congruence (CSPC) paradigm, in which each context (e...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643483/appraising-loftus-and-palmer-1974-post-event-information-versus-concurrent-commentary-in-the-context-of-sport
#12
Nadav Goldschmied, Mark Sheptock, Kacey Kim, Yair Galily
Two experiments were conducted to examine framing effects in sport. In Experiment 1, a conceptual replication [Loftus, E. F., & Palmer, J. C. (1974). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13(5), 585-589], participants watched a hockey collision, with the hit described later in a written format as a "contact", "bump", or "smash". This manipulation resulted in no differences in participants' report of how fast the players were skating, their intentions, and the outcome of the hit...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618880/perceptual-and-positional-saliencies-influence-children-s-sequence-learning-differently-with-age-and-instructions-at-test
#13
Arnaud Witt, Annie Vinter
There is growing evidence that, faced with a complex environment, participants subdivide the incoming information into small perceptual units, called chunks. Although statistical properties have been identified as playing a key role in chunking, we wanted to determine whether perceptual (repetitions) and positional (initial units) features might provide immediate guidance for the parsing of information into chunks. Children aged 5 and 8 years were exposed to sequences of 3, 4, or 5 colours. Sequence learning was assessed either through an explicit generation test (Experiment 1) or through a recognition test (Experiment 2)...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616204/how-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-watch-and-interpret-pragmatically-complex-scenes
#14
Linda Lönnqvist, Soile Loukusa, Tuula Hurtig, Leena Mäkinen, Antti Siipo, Eero Väyrynen, Pertti Palo, Seppo Laukka, Laura Mämmelä, Marja-Leena Mattila, Hanna Ebeling
The aim of the current study was to investigate subtle characteristics of social perception and interpretation in high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and to study the relation between watching and interpreting. As a novelty, we used an approach that combined moment-by-moment eye tracking and verbal assessment. Sixteen young adults with ASD and 16 neurotypical control participants watched a video depicting a complex communication situation while their eye movements were tracked...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603582/the-interplay-of-trait-worry-and-trait-anxiety-in-determining-episodic-retrieval-the-role-of-cognitive-control
#15
Péter Pajkossy, Attila Keresztes, Mihály Racsmány
Worrying is a key concept in describing the complex relationship between anxiety and cognitive control. On the one hand, cognitive control processes might underlie the specific tendency to engage in worrying (i.e., trait worry), conceptualized as a future-oriented mental problem-solving activity. On the other hand, the general tendency to experience the signs and symptoms of anxiety (i.e., trait anxiety) is suggested to impair cognitive control because worrisome thoughts interfere with task-relevant processing...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603438/multiple-attentional-sets-while-monitoring-rapid-serial-visual-presentations
#16
Jun I Kawahara, Takatsune Kumada
The present study examined whether observers are able to establish multiple attentional sets to concurrently monitor two different spatial locations. Observers identified a target letter in red or cyan among nontarget letters of other heterogeneous colours during a temporal feature search. A peripheral distractor display consisted of one item of either the same colour as the current target, and the other potential target colour, or an irrelevant colour that could never be the target. They identified an odd-ball colour letter among homogenous colours during a singleton search...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603274/mental-rotation-with-egocentric-and-object-based-transformations
#17
Daniel Voyer, Petra Jansen, Sandra Kaltner
Two experiments were conducted to address methodological issues with past studies investigating the influence of egocentric and object-based transformations on performance and sex differences in mental rotation. In previous work, the egocentric and object-based mental rotation tasks confounded the stimulus type (embodied vs. non-embodied) and transformation task (egocentric vs. object-based). In both experiments presented here, the same stimuli were used regardless of the type of transformation but task instructions were modified to induce either egocentric (left-right judgment) or object-based (same-different judgment) processing...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603181/adaptive-scaling-of-reward-in-episodic-memory-a-replication-study
#18
Alice Mason, Casimir Ludwig, Simon Farrell
Reward is thought to enhance episodic memory formation via dopaminergic consolidation. Bunzeck, Dayan, Dolan, and Duzel [(2010). A common mechanism for adaptive scaling of reward and novelty. Human Brain Mapping, 31, 1380-1394] provided functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and behavioural evidence that reward and episodic memory systems are sensitive to the contextual value of a reward-whether it is relatively higher or lower-as opposed to absolute value or prediction error. We carried out a direct replication of their behavioural study and did not replicate their finding that memory performance associated with reward follows this pattern of adaptive scaling...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595318/people-are-unable-to-recognize-or-report-on-their-own-eye-movements
#19
Alasdair D F Clarke, Aoife Mahon, Alex Irvine, Amelia R Hunt
Eye movements bring new information into our visual system. The selection of each fixation is the result of a complex interplay of image features, task goals, and biases in motor control and perception. To what extent are we aware of the selection of saccades and their consequences? Here we use a converging methods approach to answer this question in three diverse experiments. In Experiment 1, participants were directed to find a target in a scene by a verbal description of it. We then presented the path the eyes took together with those of another participant...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595305/vestibular-stimulation-interferes-with-the-dynamics-of-an-internal-representation-of-gravity
#20
Nuno Alexandre De Sá Teixeira, Heiko Hecht, Ana Diaz Artiles, Kimia Seyedmadani, David P Sherwood, Laurence R Young
The remembered vanishing location of a moving target has been found to be displaced downward in the direction of gravity (representational gravity) and more so with increasing retention intervals, suggesting that the visual spatial updating recruits an internal model of gravity. Despite being consistently linked with gravity, few inquiries have been made about the role of vestibular information in these trends. Previous experiments with static tilting of observers' bodies suggest that under conflicting cues between the idiotropic vector and vestibular signals, the dynamic drift in memory is reduced to a constant displacement along the body's main axis...
November 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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