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Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239274/author-accepted-manuscript-contextual-support-for-children-s-recall-within-working-memory
#1
Hannah Elizabeth Roome, John Towse, Malen M Crespo-Llado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238831/author-accepted-manuscript-comparing-length-and-frequency-effects-in-children-across-modalities
#2
Jana Hasenäcker, Luianta Verra, Sascha Schroeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238828/author-accepted-manuscript-eye-tracking-evidence-for-active-gap-filling-regardless-of-dependency-length
#3
Wing Yee Chow, Yangzi Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142989/time-dependent-forgetting-and-retrieval-practice-effects-in-detailed-visual-long-term-memory
#4
Tom Mercer, Gemma A Jones
Memories-especially those containing fine details-are usually lost over time, but this study assessed whether detailed visual memories can survive a 1-week delay if retrieval practice is provided. In three experiments, participants viewed 300 objects and then completed recognition tests assessing memory for precise object exemplars and their state. The recognition tests occurred immediately after encoding and 1 week later, and required participants to distinguish between a previously seen target object and an incorrect foil...
September 21, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131006/the-effect-of-galvanic-vestibular-stimulation-on-path-trajectory-during-a-path-integration-task
#5
Tanya Karn, Michael E Cinelli
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on path trajectory and body rotation during a triangle completion task. Participants ( N = 17, female, 18-30 years) completed the triangle completion task in virtual reality using two different size triangles. GVS was delivered at three times each participant's threshold in either the left or right direction prior to the final leg of the triangle and continued until the participant reached their final position. Whole body kinematics were collected using an NDI Optotrak motion tracking system...
September 17, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131001/vigilance-all-the-way-down-vigilance-decrement-in-jumping-spiders-resembles-that-of-humans
#6
Amber Melrose, Ximena J Nelson, Yinnon Dolev, William S Helton
The inability to maintain signal detection performance with time on task, or vigilance decrement, is widely studied in people. Despite suggestions that limitations in sustained attention may be a fundamental characteristic of animal cognition, there has been limited research on the vigilance decrement in other animals. We conducted two experiments to explore vigilance in jumping spiders. Our first experiment established that the vigilance decrement, decline in signal detections with time on task, occurs in these spiders in laboratory settings...
September 17, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091397/is-the-framing-effect-a-framing-affect
#7
Corentin J Gosling, Sylvain Moutier
Over the past 30 years, researchers have shown that human choices are highly sensitive to the ways in which alternatives are presented. For example, when individuals face a choice between a sure and a risky option, their willingness to take risks varies depending on whether the alternatives are framed in terms of gain or loss. The current major hypothesis that explains such a framing effect predicts that compared with an equivalent risky option, sure gains are emotionally attractive and sure losses are emotionally aversive...
September 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091396/automaticity-and-cognitive-control-effects-of-cognitive-load-on-cue-controlled-reward-choice
#8
Tina Seabrooke, Andy J Wills, Lee Hogarth, Chris J Mitchell
The extent to which human outcome-response (O-R) priming effects are automatic or under cognitive control is currently unclear. Two experiments tested the effect of cognitive load on O-R priming to shed further light on the debate. In Experiment 1, two instrumental responses earned beer and chocolate points in an instrumental training phase. Instrumental response choice was then tested in the presence of beer, chocolate, and neutral stimuli. On test, a Reversal instruction group was told that the stimuli signalled which response would not be rewarded...
September 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081734/evidence-against-a-cognitive-advantage-in-the-older-bilingual-population
#9
Andriani Papageorgiou, Peter Bright, Eva Periche Tomas, Roberto Filippi
Recent evidence has challenged long-standing claims that multi-language acquisition confers long-term advantages in executive function and may protect against age-related cognitive deterioration. We assessed evidence for a bilingual advantage in older monolingual and bilingual residents matched on age, gender, and socioeconomic status. A comprehensive battery of tests was administered to measure non-verbal reasoning, working memory capacity, visuo-spatial memory, response inhibition, problem solving, and language proficiency...
September 7, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081732/intentionality-of-a-co-actor-influences-sensorimotor-synchronisation-with-a-virtual-partner
#10
Peta F Mills, Bronson Harry, Catherine J Stevens, Guenther Knoblich, Peter E Keller
Interpersonal sensorimotor synchronisation requires individuals to anticipate and adapt to their partner's movement timing. Research has demonstrated that the intentionality of a co-actor affects joint action planning, however, less is known about whether co-actor intentionality affects sensorimotor synchronisation. Explicit and implicit knowledge of a synchronisation partner's intentionality may influence coordination by modulating temporal anticipation and adaptation processes. We used a computer-controlled virtual partner (VP) consisting of tempo-changing auditory pacing sequences to simulate either an intentional or unintentional synchronisation partner...
September 7, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188246/author-accepted-manuscript-how-does-simulation-of-an-observed-external-body-state-influence-categorization-of-an-easily-graspable-object
#11
Denis Brouillet, Arthur-Henri Michalland, Ronan Guerineau, Guillaume Thebaut, Mooruth Draushika
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188245/author-accepted-manuscript-item-specific-and-relational-processing-both-improve-recall-accuracy-in-the-drm-paradigm
#12
Mark Huff, Glen Bodner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185125/author-accepted-manuscript-memory-encoding-of-syntactic-information-involves-domain-general-attentional-resources-evidence-from-dual-task-studies
#13
Evelien Heyselaar, Katrien Segaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146970/author-accepted-manuscript-the-modulation-of-eye-movement-control-by-word-length-in-reading-chinese
#14
Guojie Ma, Ziang Li, Fengfeng Xu, Xingshan Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056797/person-based-organisation-in-working-memory
#15
Sho Ishiguro, Satoru Saito
Working memory (WM) helps maintain information during a variety of cognitive activities in scholastic and social situations. This study focused on a social aspect of WM, specifically, how it maintains information related to people. We investigated person-based organisation of information across four experiments using the reading span task (RST). Person information (i.e., an occupational title) was provided with sentences manipulated across conditions. In Experiment 1, consistent with the assumption that person-based organisation exists in WM, participants performed better when they could easily organise target items in a person-based manner (person-based organisation) than when they were prevented from using such information...
August 23, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012055/working-memory-in-older-adults-declines-with-age-but-is-modulated-by-sex-and-education
#16
Christos Pliatsikas, João Veríssimo, Laura Babcock, Mariel Y Pullman, Dana A Glei, Maxine Weinstein, Noreen Goldman, Michael T Ullman
Working memory (WM), which underlies the temporary storage and manipulation of information, is critical for multiple aspects of cognition and everyday life. Nevertheless, research examining WM specifically in older adults remains limited, despite the global rapid increase in human life expectancy. We examined WM in a large sample ( N = 754) of healthy older adults (aged 58-89) in a non-Western population (Chinese speakers) in Taiwan, on a digit n-back task. We tested not only the influence of age itself and of load (1-back vs...
August 23, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134768/author-accepted-manuscript-reversed-effect-of-spatial-compatibility-when-taking-avatar-s-perspective
#17
Jochen Müsseler, Lennart Ruhland, Christian Böffel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041571/excitatory-second-order-conditioning-using-a-backward-first-order-conditioned-stimulus-a-challenge-for-prediction-error-reduction
#18
Arthur Prével, Vinca Rivière, Jean-Claude Darcheville, Gonzalo P Urcelay, Ralph R Miller
Prével and colleagues reported excitatory learning with a backward conditioned stimulus (CS) in a conditioned reinforcement preparation. Their results add to existing evidence of backward CSs sometimes being excitatory and were viewed as challenging the view that learning is driven by prediction error reduction, which assumes that only predictive (i.e., forward) relationships are learned. The results instead were consistent with the assumptions of both Miller's Temporal Coding Hypothesis and Wagner's Sometimes Opponent Processes (SOP) model...
August 21, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001675/the-role-of-social-attention-in-older-adults-ability-to-interpret-naturalistic-social-scenes
#19
Sarah A Grainger, Henriette R Steinvik, Julie D Henry, Louise H Phillips
Age-related differences on theory of mind (ToM) tasks are well established. However, the literature has been criticised for predominantly relying on tasks with poor ecological validity, and consequently it remains unclear whether these age differences extend to tasks with greater realism. In addition, we currently have a limited understanding of the factors that may contribute to age-related declines in ToM. To address these issues, we conducted two studies that assessed age differences in ToM using multimodal social scene stimuli...
August 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991319/saving-the-perruchet-effect-a-role-for-the-strength-of-the-association-in-associative-learning
#20
Arnaud Destrebecqz, Michaël Vande Velde, Estibaliz San Anton, Axel Cleeremans, Julie Bertels
In a partial reinforcement schedule where a cue repeatedly predicts the occurrence of a target in consecutive trials, reaction times to the target tend to decrease in a monotonic fashion, while participants' expectancies for the target decrease at the same time. This dissociation between reaction times and expectancies-the so-called Perruchet effect-challenges the propositional view of learning, which posits that human conditioned responses result from conscious inferences about the relationships between events...
August 9, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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