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Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282525/decay-of-internal-reference-information-in-duration-discrimination-intertrial-interval-modulates-the-type-b-effect
#1
Ruben Ellinghaus, Mareike Gick, Rolf Ulrich, Karin M Bausenhart
Psychophysical evidence suggests that human perception of a stimulus is assimilated towards previous stimuli. The internal reference model (IRM) explains such assimilation through an internal reference (IR), which integrates past and present stimulus representations and thus might be conceived as a form of perceptual memory. In this study, we investigated whether the IR decays with time, as previously shown for perceptual memory representations in general. One specific prediction of IRM is higher discrimination sensitivity when a constant standard precedes rather than follows a variable comparison in a two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) discrimination task...
November 16, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428774/author-accepted-manuscript-alexithymia-explains-increased-empathic-personal-distress-in-individuals-with-and-without-eating-disorders
#2
Rebecca Brewer, Richard Cook, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure, Caroline Catmur, Geoff Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30355065/what-s-special-about-orthographic-processing-further-evidence-from-transposition-effects-in-same-different-matching
#3
Maria Ktori, Daisy Bertrand, Jonathan Grainger
We sought evidence for letter-specific processing in the same-different matching task by comparing performance to random consonant strings and either strings of symbols (Experiment 1) or strings of digits (Experiment 2). The strings could be aligned horizontally or vertically, and on "different" response trials the to-be-matched strings could differ by the transposition of two adjacent characters or by the substitution of two adjacent characters. Making a "different" response was harder when the difference involved a transposition compared with a substitution-the transposition effect...
November 14, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352540/action-dual-tasks-reveal-differential-effects-of-visual-imagery-perspectives-on-motor-performance
#4
Nichola Callow, Martin Gareth Edwards, Alex Lee Jones, Lew Hardy, Stephanie Connell
Imagery research has identified two main visual perspectives, external visual imagery (EVI, third person) and internal visual imagery (IVI, first person). Based upon findings from brain imaging literature showing that different neural substrates are recruited for IVI and EVI perspectives, and that IVI activates motor system brain areas, we hypothesised that a concurrent action dual task would cause greater interference in performance for IVI than EVI. In a first experiment, participants were allocated to either an IVI or an EVI group, and were tasked with moving an onscreen marker towards a target in three blocked conditions: imagery, imagery with a concurrent motor dual-task of sequencing, and a math control...
November 14, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404575/author-accepted-manuscript-development-and-assessment-of-the-korean-author-recognition-test-kart
#5
Hyosun Lee, Eunjin Seong, Wonil Choi, Matthew Lowder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404574/expectations-for-tonal-cadences-sensory-and-cognitive-priming-effects
#6
David R W Sears, Marcus T Pearce, Jacob Spitzer, William E Caplin, Stephen McAdams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296913/how-visual-memory-changes-with-intervening-recall
#7
Deborah H Tan, Yuhong V Jiang
Being asked to recount a visual memory is common in educational settings, spatial navigation, and crime investigation. Previous studies show that recounting one's memory can benefit subsequent memory, but most of this work either used verbal materials or conflated category memory with memory for visual details. To test whether recounting may introduce visually-specific interference effects, we tested people's memory for photographs of objects, but introduced an intervening phase in which people described their memory...
November 2, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282529/top-down-attentional-factors-modulate-action-priming-in-reach-to-grasp-action
#8
Samuel Sparks, Maxwell Lyons, Ada Kritikos
Previous studies report that viewing exaggerated, high-lifting reaches (versus direct reaches) primes higher vertical deviation in wrist trajectory in the observer's subsequent reaches (trajectory priming), but it is unclear to what extent this effect depends upon task instructions relevant to top-down attention. In two experiments, participants were instructed to gaze at a dot presented on a large monitor for a colour-change go signal that cued them to execute a direct reach to a target. In the background, the monitor also displayed life-sized films of a human model...
November 2, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282528/exercise-diet-and-the-reinforcing-value-of-food-in-an-animal-model-of-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Ana de Paz, Pedro Vidal, Ricardo Pellón
Activity-based anorexia (ABA) develops when laboratory rats are subjected to a single meal per day and have access to an activity wheel for the remaining time. Here, we studied the contribution of exercise and diet to the reinforcing value of food during ABA development. Three groups of eight adult male Wistar rats were used: an ABA group with 21.5 hr (then 22 hr) of wheel access and 1 hr (then 30 min) of food access, a control group with the same time exposure to food but without exercise, and a yoked group to the ABA in terms of weight loss...
November 2, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282526/the-ability-to-recognise-emotions-predicts-the-time-course-of-sarcasm-processing-evidence-from-eye-movements
#10
Henri Olkoniemi, Viivi Strömberg, Johanna K Kaakinen
A core feature of sarcasm is that there is a discrepancy between the literal meaning of the utterance and the context in which it is presented. This means that a sarcastic statement embedded in a story introduces a break in local coherence. Previous studies have shown that sarcastic statements in written stories often elicit longer processing times than their literal counterparts, possibly reflecting the difficulty of integrating the statement into the story's context. In the present study, we examined how sarcastic statements are processed when the location of the local coherence break is manipulated by presenting the sarcastic dialogues either before or after contextual information...
October 31, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282522/feature-binding-in-short-term-memory-and-long-term-learning
#11
Andria Shimi, Robert H Logie
In everyday experience, we encounter visual feature combinations. Some combinations are learned to support object recognition, and some are arbitrary and rapidly changing, so are retained briefly to complete ongoing tasks before being updated or forgotten. However, the boundary conditions between temporary retention of fleeting feature combinations and learning of feature bindings are unclear. Logie, Brockmole, and Vandenbroucke demonstrated that 60 repetitions of the same feature bindings for change detection resulted in no learning, but clear learning occurred with cued recall of the feature names...
October 31, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269658/assessing-susceptibility-to-distraction-along-the-vocal-processing-hierarchy
#12
Constanze Mühl, Patricia Eg Bestelmeyer
Recent models of voice perception propose a hierarchy of steps leading from a more general, "low-level" acoustic analysis of the voice signal to a voice-specific, "higher-level" analysis. We aimed to engage two of these stages: first, a more general detection task in which voices had to be identified amid environmental sounds, and, second, a more voice-specific task requiring a same/different decision about unfamiliar speaker pairs (Bangor Voice Matching Test [BVMT]). We explored how vulnerable voice recognition is to interfering distractor voices, and whether performance on the aforementioned tasks could predict resistance against such interference...
October 31, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270750/monitoring-speech-production-and-comprehension-where-is-the-second-language-delay
#13
Wouter Pj Broos, Wouter Duyck, Robert J Hartsuiker
Research on error monitoring suggests that bilingual Dutch-English speakers are slower to correct some speech errors in their second language (L2) as opposed to their first language (L1). But which component of self-monitoring is slowed down in L2, error detection or interruption and repair of the error? This study charted the time course of monitoring in monolingual English speakers and bilingual Dutch-English speakers in language production and language comprehension, with the aim of pinpointing the component(s) of monitoring that cause an L2 disadvantage...
October 30, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369295/i-recognise-your-name-but-i-can-t-remember-your-face-an-advantage-for-names-in-recognition-memory
#14
Mike Burton, Rob Jenkins, David J Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265214/how-movement-direction-shapes-the-spatial-representation-of-its-effects-about-the-consequence-of-the-ideomotor-bidirectional-association
#15
Hélène Lestage, Thomas Camus, Vincent Dru, Thibaut Brouillet
Ideomotor theories assume that action and perception share a common representational system in which a movement and its effect are equally represented and integrated by a bidirectional association. However, there is no mention of how this association leads to influence the representational content of each part. In this article, we investigated the influence of movement properties on the spatial representation of auditory effects. In line with the Action Constrains Theory of space perception, we suggest that changes in the movement direction leads to correlative changes in the spatial representation of the effect...
October 25, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239274/contextual-support-for-children-s-recall-within-working-memory
#16
Hannah E Roome, John N Towse, Maria M Crespo-Llado
Measures of working memory capacity (WMC) are extremely popular, yet we know relatively little about the specific processes that support recall. We focused on children's and adults' ability to use contextual support to access working memory representations that might otherwise not be reported. Children ( N = 186, 5-10 years) and adults ( N = 64) completed a listening span task and a delayed recall task with semantic probes or cues. Clear age-related increases in listening span were evident. All age groups benefitted from contextual support to retrieve degraded target memoranda, particularly on listening span tasks when the cues provided semantic support for processing events, in comparison to cues associated specifically with memoranda...
October 24, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352545/author-accepted-manuscript-semantic-associations-do-not-modulate-the-visual-awareness-of-objects
#17
Andrew Clement, Cary Stothart, Trafton Drew, James R Brockmole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340451/modulation-of-parafoveal-word-processing-by-cognitive-load-during-modified-visual-search-tasks
#18
Julien Dampuré, Abdelrhani Benraiss, Nicolas Vibert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328773/author-accepted-manuscript-reading-sentences-of-words-with-rotated-letters-an-eye-movement-study
#19
Hazel Blythe, Barbara Juhasz, Lee Tbaily, Keith Rayner, Simon Liversedge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304994/author-accepted-manuscript-sharing-a-mental-number-line-across-individuals-the-role-of-body-position-and-empathy-in-joint-numerical-cognition
#20
Matthias Hartmann, Martin Fischer, Fred Walter Mast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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