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Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine

Rodolfo Citro, Cesare Baldi, Patrizio Lancellotti, Angelo Silverio, Gennaro Provenza, Michele Bellino, Michele R Di Muro, Generoso Mastrogiovanni, Roberta De Rosa, Gennaro Galasso, Eduardo Bossone, Pietro Giudice, Federico Piscione
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess preoperative determinants, prevalence, and prognostic impact of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling (LVRR) in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR), undergoing MitraClip implantation (MCi). METHODS: From March 2012 to January 2015, a total of 41 consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe SMR treated successfully with MCi were enrolled. All patients underwent clinical and echocardiographic follow-up after MCi...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Enrico Cerrato, Davide Forno, Silvia Ferro, Alessandra Chinaglia
BACKGROUND: Patients with delayed presentation of acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI) frequently have a poor prognosis but literature about acute complications in intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) and in-hospital outcome are still limited. METHODS: All STEMI patients admitted to our institution between June 2007 and December 2013 were divided into patients presenting more than 12 h after symptom onset (lateSTEMI) and within 12 h (STEMI)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Damiano Regazzoli, Marco B Ancona, Antonio Mangieri, Akihito Tanaka, Vittorio Romano, Pier P Leone, Moreno Tresoldi, Giuseppe Lanzillo, Eustachio Agricola, Azeem Latib, Antonio Colombo, Matteo Montorfano
Here reported a case of successful patent foramen ovale (PFO) occlusion from femoral vein access passing through a caval filter. Vena cava filters are broadly implanted and this case suggests that procedures that require large delivery systems to be passed through filters are safe and feasible.
March 31, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Patrizia Maras, Sara Doimo, Alessando Altinier, Alessio Della Mattia, Luigia Scudeller, Gianfranco Sinagra, Catherine Klersy
BACKGROUND: We propose a simple and reliable score, performance score ('PERFSCORE'), that allows cardiologists to assess the achievement of therapeutic goals. METHODS: We identified six indicators of cardiac rehabilitation performance: heart rate (HR) less than 70 beats/min; blood pressure (BP) less than 140/90 mmHg; smoking cessation or non-smokers; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) more than 40%; LDLc less than 100 mg/dl or more than 70 mg/dl if diabetic; and on treatment at least with three drugs among angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARBs), β-blockers, statins, and ASA...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Luigi Biasco, Giovanni B Pedrazzini, Marco Araco, Francesco Petracca, Daniele Del Monte, Daniel Sürder, Fulvio Bomio, Martina Boscolo Berto, Giulia Montrasio, Alessandro Del Bufalo, Elena Pasotti, Tiziano Moccetti, Marco Moccetti
AIMS: The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate safety and patient satisfaction of same-day discharge after elective radial coronary angiography/percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after the implementation of a radial lounge facility. METHODS: All patients admitted to our radial lounge with a planned same-day discharge after an uncomplicated coronary angiography/PCI, having a co-living caregiver, were day enrolled in the study. Rates of same-day discharge, unplanned overnight stay, and in-hospital and first complications [death, myocardial infarction (MI), unplanned coronary angiography, access site hematoma, bleedings requiring hospitalization] were analysed; satisfaction was also evaluated through a questionnaire...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Luigi E Pastormerlo, Stefano Maffei, Daniele Della Latta, Vladislav Chubuchny, Carla Susini, Sergio Berti, Concetta Prontera, Simona Storti, Claudio Passino, Emilio Pasanisi, Michele Emdin, Dante Chiappino
BACKGROUND: Identification of preclinical cardiovascular disease represents a challenge. We evaluate N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) as markers of both cardiac and vascular subclinical disease in a community-based study including asymptomatic middle- aged study participants. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 807 study participants without previous cardiovascular disease were recruited. They underwent thorough laboratory assessment (including NT-proBNP), ultrasound examination of heart and evaluation of coronary calcium score and carotid intima-media thickness, by computed tomography and ultrasound, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Alessandro Blandino, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Alberto Battaglia, Stefano Grossi, Francesca Bianchi, Maria Rosa Conte, Francesco Rametta, Fiorenzo Gaita
AIMS: Atrial fibrillation recurrences after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) are not uncommon and are frequently related to pulmonary vein reconnection. Adenosine/ATP can reveal dormant pulmonary vein conduction after PVI. Previous studies revealed that adenosine-guided Additional ablation could improve arrhythmia-free survival. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the impact of additional ablation to eliminate adenosine-induced transient pulmonary vein reconnection in terms of atrial fibrillation recurrence at follow-up...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Nicola Mumoli, Daniela Mastroiacovo, Eleonora Tamborini-Permunian, Josè Vitale, Matteo Giorgi-Pierfranceschi, Marco Cei, Francesco Dentali
: Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in over-midlife patients. In addition to systolic heart failure, cerebral thromboembolism represents the most dramatic complication of this rhythm disorder, contributing to morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, anticoagulation has been considered the main strategy in preventing stroke and systemic embolism in atrial fibrillation patients and vitamin K-dependent antagonists have been widely used in clinical practice. Recently, the development of direct oral anticoagulants has certainly improved the management of this disease, providing, for the first time, the opportunity to go beyond vitamin K-dependent antagonists limits...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Antonio Curnis, Francesca Salghetti, Manuel Cerini, Enrico Vizzardi, Edoardo Sciatti, Francesca Vassanelli, Clara Villa, Lorenza Inama, Abdallah Raweh, Daniele Giacopelli, Luca Bontempi
AIMS: Ranolazine is an antiischemic and antianginal agent, but experimental and preclinical data provided evidence of additional antiarrhythmic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ranolazine in reducing episodes of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with recurrent antiarrhythmic drug-refractory ventricular arrhythmias or with chronic angina. METHODS: Seventeen implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients, who had experienced a worsening of their ventricular arrhythmia burden, and 12 ICD recipients with angina were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Francesco Bianco, Valentina Bucciarelli, Fabrizio Ricci, Raffaele De Caterina, Sabina Gallina
: Lung ultrasonography is a well established, user-friendly and easy-to-use technique that can be used in the evaluation of several pathological conditions affecting the lung. Adding lung ultrasonography to traditional echocardiography provides an integrated cardiopulmonary ultrasound analysis. The simultaneous collection of information about the heart and the lungs can help physicians to investigate acute and chronic cardio-pulmonary conditions within a noninvasive, single-probe and all-in-one examination, not exposing the patient to the danger of ionizing radiation...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Vedran Velagić, Carlo de Asmundis, Giacomo Mugnai, Burak Hünük, Ebru Hacioğlu, Erwin Ströker, Darragh Moran, Diego Ruggiero, Jan Poelaert, Christian Verborgh, Vincent Umbrain, Gaetano Paparella, Stefan Beckers, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
AIMS: To study the learning curve with the second-generation cryoballoon technology focusing on safety, efficacy and procedural characteristics. METHODS: We included 300 patients (men 64.6%, mean age 58.3 ± 12.4 years), 240 of whom were treated by four operators without prior experience in atrial fibrillation ablation and compared them with 60 consecutive patients treated by senior operator. To study the learning curves, we divided the study period into two trimesters and analyzed procedure duration, fluoroscopy times, complications, characteristics of the freeze-thaw cycles and midterm outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Matteo Anselmino, Federica Torri, Federico Ferraris, Leonardo Calò, Davide Castagno, Sebastiano Gili, Chiara Rovera, Carla Giustetto, Fiorenzo Gaita
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation transcatheter ablation (TCA) is, within available atrial fibrillation rhythm control strategies, one of the most effective. To potentially improve ablation outcome in case of recurrent atrial fibrillation after a first procedure or in presence of structural myocardial disease, isolation of the pulmonary veins may be associated with extensive lesions within the left atrium. To avoid rare, but potentially life-threatening, complications, thorough knowledge and assessment of left atrium anatomy and its relation to structures in close proximity are, therefore, mandatory...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Sebastiano Gili, Massimo Mancone, Flavia Ballocca, Walter Grosso Marra, Andrea Calcagno, Gabriella D'Ettorre, Margherita Cannillo, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Giancarlo Orofino, Laura Marruncheddu, Enrica Lonni, Alessandra Cinque, Francesco Vullo, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Ilaria Vilardi, Gennaro Sardella, Vincenzo Vullo, Claudio Moretti, Francesco Fedele, Stefano Bonora, Fiorenzo Gaita
AIMS: HIV and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) may affect cardiac conduction, and a higher incidence of sudden death has been recognized in HIV-positive patients. Nevertheless, predictors of prolonged corrected QT interval (cQT) have been poorly described. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of long cQT in a cohort of HIV-positive patients. METHODS: Consecutive HIV-positive patients followed in a primary prevention clinic at two Italian institutions were retrospectively enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Giacomo Mugnai, Carlo de Asmundis, Erwin Ströker, Burak Hünük, Darragh Moran, Diego Ruggiero, Valentina De Regibus, Hugo Enrique Coutino-Moreno, Ken Takarada, Rajin Choudhury, Jan Poelaert, Christian Verborgh, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
AIMS: Femoral venous pressure waveform (VPW) analysis has been recently described as a novel method to assess phrenic nerve function during atrial fibrillation ablation procedures by means of the cryoballoon technique. In this study, we sought to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of this technique, with respect to the incidence of phrenic nerve injury (PNI), in comparison with the traditional abdominal palpation technique alone. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing second-generation cryoballoon ablation (CB-A) from June 2014 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Luca A F Di Odoardo, Francesco Ambrosini, Alessandra Giavarini, Marco Vicenzi, Francesca Venturini, Federico Lombardi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Athanasios Pipilis, Dimitrios Farmakis, Sotirios Kaliambakos, John Goudevenos, John Lekakis
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation aged 75 years or older have a CHA2DS2VASc score that dictates oral anticoagulants. We recorded physicians' anticoagulation attitudes in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation and assessed the impact of stroke and bleeding risk. METHODS: Atrial Fibrillation To Investigate the Implementation of New Guidelines , a countrywide prospective registry performed in Greece during 2010, a period when only vitamin-K antagonists (VKA) were available, enrolled 1127 patients with atrial fibrillation diagnosis during Emergency Departments visit in 31 representative hospitals; 807 patients had known atrial fibrillation and of those, 342 aged 75 years or older...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Luca Masotti, Vieri Vannucchi, Marzia Poggi, Giancarlo Landini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Enrico Vizzardi, Edoardo Sciatti, Ivano Bonadei, Antonio D'Aloia, Antonio Curnis, Marco Metra
AIMS: Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea (OSAH) is a prevalent condition characterized by repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, leading to hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and persistent inspiratory efforts against an occluded airway until arousal. Several studies demonstrated that OSAH exerts acute and chronic effects on the cardiovascular system. Thus, although being a respiratory problem, the most important consequences of OSAH are cardiovascular, among which there are arrhythmias. The purpose of this review is to systematically analyse what has been recently published about the relationship between OSAH and every cardiac arrhythmia separately...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Eleonora Tommasi, Chiara Lazzeri, Pasquale Bernardo, Andrea Sori, Marco Chiostri, Gian F Gensini, Serafina Valente
: Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to reduce brain damage due to postcardiac arrest syndrome. Actually, there is no agreement on which is the best device to perform therapeutic hypothermia. The 'ideal' device should not only 'cool' patient until 33-34°C as fast as possible, but also maintain the target temperature and reverse the therapeutic hypothermia. For out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, there are devices that allow starting of therapeutic hypothermia on the field (prehospital hypothermia). On hospital arrival, these prehospital devices can be quickly and easily replaced with other devices more suitable for the management of therapeutic hypothermia in ICUs (in-hospital hypothermia)...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
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