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Archives of Medical Science: AMS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144282/transduodenal-drainage-of-symptomatic-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-in-a-patient-with-ansa-pancreatica-anatomic-variation
#1
Mateusz Jagielski, Marian Smoczyński, Beata Drelich-Góreczna, Krystian Adrych
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144281/lipoxin-a4-as-a-possible-mediator-of-the-beneficial-actions-of-phosphodiesterase-5-enzyme-inhibitors
#2
Undurti N Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144280/inferior-sinus-venosus-and-two-ostium-secundum-atrial-septal-defects-is-possible-to-treat-with-three-occluders
#3
Petr Hajek, Jana Palenickova, Jiri Fiedler, Martin Horvath, Vojtech Suchanek, Josef Veselka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144279/regional-differences-in-the-frequency-of-diabetes-occurrence-and-its-treatment-costs-during-the-years-2008-2013-based-on-the-nfz-national-health-fund-database
#4
Andrzej M Śliwczyński, Melania Brzozowska, Zbigniew Teter, Michał Marczak, Piotr Szymański
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144278/altered-sympathovagal-balance-and-pain-hypersensitivity-in-tnbs-induced-colitis
#5
Katarzyna Ciesielczyk, Agata Furgała, Łukasz Dobrek, Kajetan Juszczak, Piotr Thor
INTRODUCTION: Pain hypersensitivity, abnormal motility and autonomic dysfunction contribute to functional symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess: nociceptive thresholds for mechanical allodynia (MA) and thermal hyperalgesia (TH), intestinal motility (distal colonic transit and emptying), and cardiac autonomic neuropathy (indices of heart rate variability - HRV) in male Wistar rats with experimental trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) induced colitis...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144277/cx43-expressed-on-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-plays-an-essential-role-in-multiple-myeloma-cell-survival-and-drug-resistance
#6
Jinxiang Fu
INTRODUCTION: Connexin-43 (Cx43), a connexin constituent of gap junctions (GJs) is mainly expressed in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and played a important role on hematopoiesis. In this study, we explored the role of gap junctions (GJs) formed by Cx43 between BMSCs and multiple myeloma (MM) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: qPCR and western blot assays were employed to assay Cx43 expression in three MM cell lines (RPMI 8266, U266, and XG7), freshly isolated MM cells, and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs)...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144276/leptin-receptor-expression-during-the-progression-of-endometrial-carcinoma-is-correlated-with-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptors
#7
Luis Fernando Méndez-López, Angel Zavala-Pompa, Elva I Cortés-Gutiérrez, Ricardo M Cerda-Flores, Martha I Davila-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: The hormone leptin, which is produced in the adipose tissue, may influence tumorigenesis directly via its receptor (Ob-R). Thus, a role for Ob-R in endometrial carcinogenesis has been proposed. However, most studies neither included samples of the entire histological progression of endometrial carcinoma nor examined Ob-R jointly with the estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR, respectively). MATERIAL AND METHODS: To determine the fluctuations of Ob-R, ER, and PR during the histological progression of endometrial carcinoma, we assessed their expression via immunohistochemistry (IHC) in six histological types of endometrium (proliferative, secretory, nonatypical and atypical hyperplasia, and endometrioid and nonendometrioid endometrial carcinoma), in which we performed histopathological and digital scoring for the quantification of receptors...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144275/serum-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-impairs-human-coronary-endothelial-cell-migration
#8
Michał Hoffmann, Jacek Wolf, Anna Szyndler, Prachi Singh, Virend K Somers, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial cell migration and proliferation play an important role in the growth and development of new blood vessels and endothelium healing. This process occurs in response to injury, inflammation and immune reactions. Dysfunction of the endothelium may play a significant role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease related to sleep-disordered breathing. The aim of our study was to evaluate the chemo-attractant activity of serum from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and normal subjects on coronary artery endothelial cell migration...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144274/noonan-syndrome-a-new-survey
#9
Alireza Tafazoli, Peyman Eshraghi, Zahra Kamel Koleti, Mohammadreza Abbaszadegan
Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with vast heterogeneity in clinical and genetic features. Various symptoms have been reported for this abnormality such as short stature, unusual facial characteristics, congenital heart abnormalities, developmental complications, and an elevated tumor incidence rate. Noonan syndrome shares clinical features with other rare conditions, including LEOPARD syndrome, cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome, Noonan-like syndrome with loose anagen hair, and Costello syndrome...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144273/infusional-high-density-lipoproteins-therapies-as-a-novel-strategy-for-treating-atherosclerosis
#10
Belinda A Di Bartolo, Nisha Schwarz, Jordan Andrews, Stephen J Nicholls
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) have received considerable interest as a target for the development of novel anti-atherosclerotic agents beyond conventional approaches to lipid lowering. While a number of approaches have focused on modifying remodeling and expression pathways implicated in the regulation of HDL levels, an additional approach involves simply infusions of delipidated HDL. Several groups have advanced HDL infusions to clinical development with intriguing signs suggesting potentially favorable impacts at the level of the artery wall...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144272/milestones-a-rapid-assessment-method-for-the-clinical-competency-committee
#11
Christopher Nabors, Leanne Forman, Stephen J Peterson, Melissa Gennarelli, Wilbert S Aronow, Lawrence DeLorenzo, Dipak Chandy, Chul Ahn, Sachin Sule, Gary W Stallings, Sahil Khera, Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, William H Frishman
INTRODUCTION: Educational milestones are now used to assess the developmental progress of all U.S. graduate medical residents during training. Twice annually, each program's Clinical Competency Committee (CCC) makes these determinations and reports its findings to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The ideal way to conduct the CCC is not known. After finding that deliberations reliant upon the new milestones were time intensive, our internal medicine residency program tested an approach designed to produce rapid but accurate assessments...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144271/eq-5d-5l-polish-population-norms
#12
Dominik Golicki, Maciej Niewada
INTRODUCTION: The new, five-level version of the EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire has better psychometric properties than the standard three-level version (EQ-5D-3L), including a reduced ceiling effect. Currently, there are few existing population norms for the EQ-5D-5L. The aims of this study were to provide population norms for the EQ-5D-5L in Poland, based on a representative sample of adults, and to compare those with norms from other countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Members of the general public, selected through multistage stratified sampling, filled in paper-and-pencil EQ-5D-5L questionnaires in the presence of an interviewer...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144270/a-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-laryngeal-mask-airway-supreme-in-obese-children-during-general-anesthesia
#13
Yue Tian, Xiu-Ying Wu, Lu Li, Ling Ma, Yun-Feng Li
INTRODUCTION: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA)-Supreme is a disposable double-lumen laryngeal mask airway that is widely used in clinical practice. However, its use in obese children has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to determine whether the LMA-Supreme could perform equally as well as endotracheal intubation in obese children having a minor surgical procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After ethical board approval, 100 obese male children receiving non-emergent appendectomy for chronic appendicitis or surgery to correct concealed penis were randomly divided into an endotracheal intubation group and an LMA-Supreme group...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144269/radioisotopic-assessment-of-bone-metabolism-of-the-operated-vertebra-after-inter-process-stabilizer-implantation-in-the-lumbar-segment-of-the-spine
#14
Maciej Radek, Andrzej Radek, Jacek Rysz, Zbigniew Maziarz, Mariusz Gadzicki, Wiesław Tryniszewski
INTRODUCTION: Lack of efficacy of pharmacotherapy and physiotherapy in spinal pain syndrome is an indication for intervertebral stabilizer implantation between the processes in the lumbar segment of the spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group consisted of 32 patients qualified after radioisotopic single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) examinations with assessment of bone metabolism and mineral density. For comparative purposes, the L2 vertebra was defined as normal...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144268/comparison-of-effects-of-seven-treatment-methods-for-distal-radius-fracture-on-minimizing-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#15
Jian-Hang Wang, Tao Sun
INTRODUCTION: Using network meta-analysis, we evaluated the adverse effects of the seven most common treatment methods, i.e., bridging external fixation, non-bridging external fixation, K-wire fixation, plaster fixation, dorsal plating, volar plating, and dorsal and volar plating, by their associated risk of developing complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in distal radius fracture (DRF) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following an exhaustive search of scientific literature databases for high quality studies, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to our study topic were screened and selected based on stringent predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144267/right-and-left-sided-colon-cancer-clinical-and-pathological-differences-of-the-disease-entity-in-one-organ
#16
Michal Mik, Maciej Berut, Lukasz Dziki, Radzislaw Trzcinski, Adam Dziki
INTRODUCTION: Some researchers suggest that cancers located in the right vs. the left side of the colon are different and they can be regarded as distinct disease entities. The aim of this study was to analyze differences in clinical, epidemiological and pathological features of patients with right-sided (RCC) and left-sided (LCC) colon cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand two hundred and twenty-four patients were operated on due to colorectal cancer. A group of 477 patients (254 women, mean age 65...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144266/clinical-importance-of-duodenal-recesses-with-special-reference-to-internal-hernias
#17
Shivpal V Tambe, Kum Kum Rana, Arun Kakar, Satish Aggarwal, Anil Aggrawal, Smita Kakar, Nitinkumar Borkar
INTRODUCTION: The detailed knowledge of the peritoneal recesses has great significance with respect to internal hernias. The recesses are usually related to rotation and adhesion of abdominal viscera to the posterior abdominal wall and/or the presence of retroperitoneal vessels which raises the serosal fold. The duodenal recesses are usually related to the 3(rd) and 4(th) parts of the duodenum. Internal hernias with respect to these recesses are difficult to diagnose clinically and usually noticed at the time of laparotomy...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144265/association-of-scn1a-gene-polymorphism-with-antiepileptic-drug-responsiveness-in-the-population-of-thrace-greece
#18
Christina Angelopoulou, Stavroula Veletza, Ioannis Heliopoulos, Konstantinos Vadikolias, Grigorios Tripsianis, Chrysa Stathi, Charitomeni Piperidou
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to examine the influence of the SCN1A gene polymorphism IVS5-91 rs3812718 G>A on the response to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in monotherapy or polytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred epilepsy patients and 200 healthy subjects were genotyped for SCN1A IVS5-91 rs3812718 G>A polymorphism using TaqMan assay. Patients were divided into drug-responsive and drug-resistant patients. The drug-responsive group was further studied, comparing monotherapy in maximum and minimum doses and monotherapy-responsive and -resistant groups...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144264/proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-reveals-significant-decline-in-the-contents-of-n-acetylaspartylglutamate-in-the-hippocampus-of-aged-healthy-subjects
#19
Ruiting Chang, Zuojun Geng, Qingfeng Zhu, Zhenhu Song, Ya Wang
INTRODUCTION: To characterize the contents of choline (Cho), creatine (Cr) and N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAA) in the hippocampus of healthy volunteers, we investigated the contents and their correlationship with age, gender and laterality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Volunteers were grouped into a young, a middle and an old age. The Cho, Cr and NAA contents were determined with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and the correlationship was analyzed with Pearson correlation...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144263/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-possible-indicator-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#20
Adalet Ozcicek, Fatih Ozcicek, Gursel Yildiz, Aysu Timuroglu, Levent Demirtas, Mutlu Buyuklu, Ufuk Kuyrukluyildiz, Emin Murat Akbas, Ergun Topal, Kultigin Turkmen
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation is a major risk factor in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the true visceral fat depot of the heart. The relationship between coronary artery disease and EAT was shown in healthy subjects and ESRD patients. In the present study we aimed to investigate the relationship between EAT and inflammation parameters including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in hemodialysis (HD) patients...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
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