Read by QxMD icon Read

Archives of Medical Science: AMS

Maciej Kempa, Szymon Budrejko, Grzegorz Raczak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Supreet Kaur, Abhishek Kumar, Robert G Lerner, Wilbert S Aronow
The newer non-vitamin K dependent anticoagulants (NOACs) have provided a new tool in the armamentarium of physicians treating nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and thromboembolism. Slowly, but steadily, there has been an increased preference of NOACs over vitamin K antagonists. However, the major limiting factor and the concern that precluded their use was lack of reversal in emergent situations. With the advent of reversal agents such as idarucizumab, andexanet alfa and PER977, this gap is also being filled...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Maciej Nowacki, Łukasz Nazarewski, Tomasz Kloskowski, Dominik Tyloch, Marta Pokrywczyńska, Katarzyna Pietkun, Arkadiusz Jundziłł, Janusz Tyloch, Samy L Habib, Tomasz Drewa
On the 60(th) anniversary of the first successfully performed renal transplantation, we summarize the historical, current and potential future status of kidney transplantation. We discuss three different aspects with a potential significant influence on kidney transplantation progress: the development of surgical techniques, the influence of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering, and changes in immunosuppression. We evaluate the standard open surgical procedures with modern techniques and compare them to less invasive videoscopic as well as robotic techniques...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Undurti N Das
Diabetic macular edema (DME) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are complications affecting about 25% of all patients with long-standing type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus and are a major cause of significant decrease in vision and quality of life. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is not uncommon, and diabetes mellitus affects the incidence and progression of AMD through altering hemodynamics, increasing oxidative stress, accumulating advanced glycation end products, etc. Recent studies suggest that DME, DR and AMD are inflammatory conditions characterized by a breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier, inflammatory processes and an increase in vascular permeability...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Jiří Bonaventura, David Alan, Jiri Vejvoda, Jakub Honek, Josef Veselka
In spite of many years of development and implementation of pre-hospital advanced life support programmes, the survival rate of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) used to be very poor. Neurologic injury from cerebral hypoxia is the most common cause of death in patients with OHCA. In the past two decades, post-resuscitation care has developed many new concepts aimed at improving the neurological outcome and survival rate of patients after cardiac arrest. Systematic post-cardiac arrest care after the return of spontaneous circulation, including induced mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in selected patients, is aimed at significantly improving rates of long-term neurologically intact survival...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Yan Cao, Xinjing Wang, Zhihong Cao, Xiaoxing Cheng
INTRODUCTION: The association between FokI polymorphism of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility has been investigated previously; however, the results were inconsistent and conflicting. In the present study, a meta-analysis was performed to assess the relationship between VDR FokI gene polymorphism and the risk of TB. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Databases including PubMed and Embase were searched for genetic association studies of FokI polymorphism of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and TB...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Guodong Chen, Xiaoyan Li, Jing Yang, Jie Li, Xia Wang, Jun He, Zonghai Huang
INTRODUCTION: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is believed to be an important enzyme in the carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it is still controversial whether COX-2 expression can be regarded as a prognostic factor for HCC patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the clinical and prognostic significance of COX-2 expression in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Identification and review of publications assessing clinical or prognostic significance of COX-2 expression in HCC until November 1, 2014...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Paweł Kawalec, Andrzej Pilc
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare adalimumab or golimumab with infliximab in patients with moderately-to-severely active ulcerative colitis (UC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This paper was prepared according to the PRISMA guidelines. The systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. No direct head-to-head comparisons for infliximab vs. adalimumab or golimumab were available so an indirect comparison according to the Bucher method was performed after a homogeneity evaluation of the included studies...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Paweł Moćko, Paweł Kawalec, Beata Smela-Lipińska, Andrzej Pilc
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of vedolizumab in the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline/PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library until 25 January, 2015. Included studies were critically appraised according to the PRISMA protocol. Assessment in specified subgroups of CD patients and meta-analysis with Revman software were performed...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Yingjun Qian, Huajun Xu, Yuyu Wang, Hongliang Yi, Jian Guan, Shankai Yin
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested to be associated with a high risk of metabolic syndrome (MS). However, results on whether the association between OSA and risk of MS is independent of obesity, and the effect of nocturnal intermittent hypoxia (IH) on MS, are conflicting. Our purpose was to estimate the magnitude of the independent association between OSA and risk of MS and further explore whether nocturnal IH in OSA plays a role in MS risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were systematically searched (until January 21, 2015) for available observational evidence...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Evgenii Plotnikov, Elena Korotkova, Olesya Voronova, Natalia Sazhina, Ekatherina Petrova, Anton Artamonov, Ludmila Chernyavskaya, Elena Dorozhko
INTRODUCTION: A blood test can provide important information about the functional state of the antioxidant system. Malfunction of this system increases the concentration of free radicals and can cause oxidative stress. A difficulty in assessing oxidative stress is the lack of a universal method for determining the antioxidant activity (AOA) of blood components, because of their different nature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The objects of investigation were sera of 30 male patients with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence syndrome and healthy donors...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Ewa Helwich, Magdalena Rutkowska, Joanna Stankiewicz, Iwona Terczyńska
INTRODUCTION: The authors present the first experience in neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations using an MR compatible incubator (INC) at the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-nine examinations of 47 newborns (20 girls, 27 boys) were performed using the GE Signa HDxt 1.5T system and INC Nomag IC 1.5. Demographic data, anesthetic methods and MRI findings in the INC in comparison with previously performed imaging were analyzed...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Emilia Szafran, Artur Baszko, Anna Bukowska-Posadzy, Tomasz Moszura, Bożena Werner, Aldona Siwińska, Maciej Banach, Jarosław Walkowiak, Waldemar Bobkowski
INTRODUCTION: There are only a few available studies evaluating quality of life (QoL) in pediatric patients with cardiac arrhythmia. The aim of the study was to evaluate medical and psychological parameters of the QoL in children with a diagnosed supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT) and to compare the obtained data with a group of healthy children (HC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria: children aged 7-18 with SVT, treated at Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatric Cardiology...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Mehran Zarghami, Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina, Azhar Md Zain, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohammad, Munn-Sann Lye
INTRODUCTION: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mental problem associated with childbirth. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of early PPD and possible relevant risk factors among women attending primary health centers in Mazandaran province, Iran for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted among 2279 eligible women during weeks 32-42 of pregnancy to determine bio-psycho-socio-cultural risk factors of depression at 2 weeks post-partum using the Iranian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Paweł J Stanirowski, Anna Kociszewska, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
INTRODUCTION: Incisional surgical site infections (SSIs) occur in approximately 1.8-9.2% of patients undergoing cesarean section (CS) and contribute to prolonged hospitalization time and increased treatment costs. Dressings impregnated with dialkylcarbamoyl chloride (DACC) are an innovative approach to wound treatment based on a solely physical mechanism of action, and therefore can be used safely and without time restrictions in women during the puerperal and lactation period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-blinded randomized, controlled pilot study was conducted at the Mazovian Bródno Hospital, a tertiary care hospital, between December 2013 and March 2014, and it evaluated the presence of superficial and deep SSIs in patients during the first 14 days after a CS...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Andrzej Prajsner, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksandra Szybalska, Karolina Piotrowicz, Jan Zejda, Andrzej Więcek
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic determinants of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and prevalence of undiagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) in the Polish population are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with PSA testing in elderly Polish men, and estimate the size of the population at risk of PCa related to PSA non-testing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed questionnaire-derived data concerning PSA testing, obtained in 2567 elderly and 332 younger (age: 55-59) participants of the population-based PolSenior study...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Seyed Abdollah Mousavi, Hasan Karami, Hossein Saneian
INTRODUCTION: The duodenum is the most common site for congenital intestinal obstruction. The duodenal web with a central hole can present without any overt signs of obstruction at a later age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a 7-year period, children with congenital intestinal obstruction were identified in this study. The complications and operative findings of patients with duodenal web with conditions such as wind sock deformity and delayed diagnosis were evaluated in this study...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Cristina Căpuşa, Gabriel Stefan, Simona Stancu, Andrea Ilyes, Nicoleta Dorobanţu, Gabriel Mircescu
INTRODUCTION: Since 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency has been linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the hemodialysis population, we aimed to determine the relationship between serum 25(OH)D level and markers of subclinical CVD in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, single-center study prospectively enrolled 87 clinically stable CKD patients (median age: 61 (57-66) years, 51% male, median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): 32 (27-37) ml/min)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Marzanna Paczyńska, Piotr Sobieraj, Łukasz Burzyński, Maciej Kostrubiec, Małgorzata Wiśniewska, Piotr Bienias, Katarzyna Kurnicka, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pruszczyk, Michał Ciurzyński
INTRODUCTION: Right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is an indicator of poor prognosis in normotensive patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). The aim of this study was to compare right ventricular (RV)/left ventricular (LV) ratio measured by echocardiography and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as a prognostic factor of APE-related 30-day mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 76 patients with confirmed APE, hemodynamically stable at admission...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Piotr Kusak, Danuta Czarnecka, Matthew Gissel, Krzysztof Plens, Saulius Butenas, Anetta Undas
INTRODUCTION: Previously, we have demonstrated that significant proportions of patients with various cardiovascular diseases have active tissue factor and active factor XIa in their plasma. In the current study, we evaluated active tissue factor and active factors (F)XI and FIX in plasma from patients with atrial fibrillation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 110 consecutive patients with permanent atrial fibrillation receiving warfarin, we determined active tissue factor, together with plasma FIXa and FXIa, using clotting assays by measuring the response to inhibitory monoclonal antibodies...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"