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Ayub Shaik, Vishnu Thumma, Aruna Kumari Kotha, Sandhya Kramadhati, Jalapathy Pochampally, Seshagiri Bandi
The functional inference of UniProtKB nitrate reductase enzyme (UniProtKB - P0AF33) through structural modeling is of interest in plant biology. Therefore, a homology model for UniProtKB variant of the enzyme was constructed using available data with the MODELER software tool. The model was further docked with five natural flavonoid structures such as hesperetin, naringenin, leucocyanidin, quercetin and hesperetin triacetate using the AUTODOCK (version 4.2) software tool. The structure aided molecular interactions of these flavonoids with nitrate reductase is documented in this study...
2016: Bioinformation
Narmataa Muthu, Su Yin Lee, Kia Kien Phua, Subhash Janardhan Bhore
Plants are very complex organisms that produce medicinally important natural products. The Star-fruit producing plant (Averrhoa carambola L.) is a species of woody plant in the family Oxalidaceae native to the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka; but, cultivated in many parts of the world. Star-fruits are popular tropical fruits and used commonly in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM) in India, China, and Brazil to relieve ailments such as chronic headache, fever, cough, gastro-enteritis, diarrhoea, ringworm infections, and skin inflammations...
2016: Bioinformation
Aakrati Agarwal, Yashwanti Mudgil, Saurabh Pandey, Dhirendra Fartyal, Malireddy K Reddy
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) is an indispensable component of the translation machinery and also play a role in developmental processes and stress alleviation in plants and animals. Different eIF4A isoforms are present in the cytosol of the cell, namely, eIF4A1, eIF4A2, and eIF4A3 and their expression is tightly regulated in cap-dependent translation. We revealed the structural model of PgeIF4A2 protein using the crystal structure of Homo sapiens eIF4A3 (PDB ID: 2J0S) as template by Modeller 9...
2016: Bioinformation
Shachi Gahoi, Budhayash Gautam
Insulin-like (ins) peptides play an important role in development and metabolism across the metazoa. In nematodes, these are also required for dauer formation and longevity and are expressed in different types of neurons across various life stages which demonstrate their role in parasites and could become possible targets for parasite control. To date, many nematode genomes are publically available. However, a systematic screening of ins peptides across different nematode group has not been reported. In the present study, we systematically identified ins peptides in the secretomes of 73 nematodes with fully sequenced genomes covering five different groups viz...
2016: Bioinformation
Priyanka Narad, Ankur Chaurasia, Gulshan Wadhwab, K C Upadhyayaa
The amount of data on molecular interactions is growing at an enormous pace, whereas the progress of methods for analysing this data is still lacking behind. Particularly, in the area of comparative analysis of biological networks, where one wishes to explore the similarity between two biological networks, this holds a potential problem. In consideration that the functionality primarily runs at the network level, it advocates the need for robust comparison methods. In this paper, we describe Net2Align, an algorithm for pairwise global alignment that can perform node-to-node correspondences as well as edge-to-edge correspondences into consideration...
2016: Bioinformation
Fereshteh Izadi, Hamid Najafi Zarrini, Ghaffar Kiani, Nadali Babaeian Jelodar
A Gene Regulatory Network (GRN) is a collection of interactions between molecular regulators and their targets in cells governing gene expression level. Omics data explosion generated from high-throughput genomic assays such as microarray and RNA-Seq technologies and the emergence of a number of pre-processing methods demands suitable guidelines to determine the impact of transcript data platforms and normalization procedures on describing associations in GRNs. In this study exploiting publically available microarray and RNA-Seq datasets and a gold standard of transcriptional interactions in Arabidopsis, we performed a comparison between six GRNs derived by RNA-Seq and microarray data and different normalization procedures...
2016: Bioinformation
Imane Sabaouni, Brigitte Vannier, Ahmed Moussa, Azeddine Ibrahimi
CD36 is a multifunctional membrane-type receptor glycoprotein that reacts with oxidized low-density lipoprotein and long-chain fatty acid (LCFA). However, much remains to be understood about the molecular mechanism of the cardio-myopathy observed in CD36-KO mice. In this study, we identify different genes pathways involved in response to CD36 cardio-myopathy phenotype by identifying the differences among biological processes, molecular pathways and networks of interactions that emerge from knocking CD3 and using different bioinformatics tools such as STRING, GeneMANIA and Cytoscape...
2016: Bioinformation
Ranjith Kumavath, Manan Azad, Pratap Devarapalli, Sandeep Tiwari, Shreya Kar, Debmalya Barh, Vasco Azevedo, Alan Prem Kumar
Aromatase (CYP19A1) the key enzyme of estrogen biosynthesis, is often deregulated in breast cancer patients. It catalyzes the conversion of androgen to estrogen, thus responsible for production of estrogen in human body. However, it causes over-production of estrogen which eventually leads to proliferation of breast cancer cells. Identification of new small molecule inhibitors targeted against CYP19A1 therefore, facilitates to increase drug sensitivity of cancer cells. In this scenario, the present study aims to identify new molecules which could block or suppress the activity of aromatase enzyme by molecular docking studies using Schrödinger-Maestro v9...
2016: Bioinformation
Hanumalal Nunavath, Chandrasekhar Banoth, Venkateswar Rao Talluri, Bhima Bhukya
The present study explains computational methods to design thermostable horseradish peroxidase enzyme using the crystal structure available from Protein Data Bank (PDB ID: 6ATJ). Multiple mutations were introduced to the original enzyme and developed a model by using Modeler9.14. After designing the model functional effect was confirmed in terms of protein ligand binding by molecular docking using Autodock 4.2. The implementation of modeling steps is demonstrated in the context of performing mutations for particular amino acid residue on the ligand pocket of the horseradish peroxidase, to derive the desired ligand binding properties...
2016: Bioinformation
Mahesha Nand, Priyanka Maiti, Ragini Pant, Madhulata Kumari, Subhash Chandra, Veena Pande
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most dominating and lethal type of lung cancer triggering more than 1.3 million deaths per year. The most effective line of treatment against NSCLC is to target epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutation. The present study aims to identify the novel anti-lung cancer compounds form nature against EGFR 696-1022 T790M by using in silico approaches. A library of 419 compounds from several natural resources was subjected to pre-screen through machine learning model using Random Forest classifier resulting 63 screened molecules with active potential...
2016: Bioinformation
Padmanabhan Mahadevan
The evolution of sequencing technology has lead to an enormous increase in the number of genomes that have been sequenced. This is especially true in the field of virus genomics. In order to extract meaningful biological information from these genomes, whole genome data mining software tools must be utilized. Hundreds of tools have been developed to analyze biological sequence data. However, only some of these tools are user-friendly to biologists. Several of these tools that have been successfully used to analyze adenovirus genomes are described here...
2016: Bioinformation
Ajijur Rehman, Salman Akhtar, Mohd Haris Siddiqui, Usman Sayeed, Syed Sayeed Ahmad, Jamal M Arif, M Kalim A Khan
4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is an important enzyme needed for the biosynthesis of lysine and many more key metabolites in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Inhibition of DHDPS is supposed to a promising therapeutic target due to its specific role in sporulation, cross-linking of the peptidiglycan polymers and biosynthesis of amino acids. In this work, a known inhibitor-based similarity search was carried out against a natural products database (Super Natural II) towards identification of more potent phyto-inhibitors...
2016: Bioinformation
Sushanta Deb, Surajit Basak
Paenibacillus sp. 32O-W, which is attributed for biodesulfurization of petroleum, has 56.34% genomic G+C content. Correspondence analysis on Relative Synonymous Codon Usage (RSCU) of the Paenibacillus sp. 32O-W genome has revealed the two different trends of codon usage variation. Two sets of genes have been identified representing the two distinct pattern of codon usage in this bacterial genome. We have measured several codon usage indices to understand the influencing factors governing the differential pattern of codon usage variation in this bacterial genome...
2016: Bioinformation
Navneet Chauhan, Anuradha Gajjar, Syed Hussain Basha
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a multitasking serine/threonine protein kinase, which is associated with the pathophysiology of several diseases such as diabetes, cancer, psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Tideglusib is a potent, selective, and irreversible GSK-3 inhibitor that has been investigated in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of progressive supranuclear palsy and Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, we performed pharmacophore feature-based virtual screening for identifying potent targetspecific GSK-3 inhibitors...
2016: Bioinformation
Pankaj Kumar Singh, Akshay Singh, Deepak V Pawar, B N Devanna, Jyoti Singh, Vinay Sharma, Tilak R Sharma
Microsatellites have been widely utilized for molecular marker development. Codominant and multiallelic nature of these simple repeats have several advantages over other types of molecular markers. Their broad applicability in the area of molecular biology like gene mapping, genome characterization, genome evolution, and gene regulation has been reported in various crop plants, animals and fungi. Considering these benefits of the SSR markers, a MMDB (Magnaporthe oryzae Microsatellite Database) was developed to help in understanding about the pathogen and its diversity at strains level of a particular geographic region, which can help us to make a proper utilization of blast resistance genes in the region...
2016: Bioinformation
Sridharan Brindha, Jagadish Chandrabose Sundaramurthi, Devadasan Velmurugan, Savariar Vincent, John Joel Gnanadoss
Repurposing has gained momentum globally and become an alternative avenue for drug discovery because of its better success rate, and reduced cost, time and issues related to safety than the conventional drug discovery process. Several drugs have already been successfully repurposed for other clinical conditions including drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). Though TB can be cured completely with the use of currently available anti-tubercular drugs, emergence of drug resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the huge death toll globally, together necessitate urgently newer and effective drugs for TB...
2016: Bioinformation
Laura K Harris
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) is a highly conserved protein family responsible for producing branched chain amino acids. In Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, two ALS proteins, MJ0277 and MJ0663 exist though variations in features between them are noted. Researchers are quick to examine MJ0277 homologs due to their increased function and close relationship, but few have characterized MJ0663 homologs. This study identified homologs for both MJ0277 and MJ0663 in all 15 Methanococci species with fully sequenced genomes...
2016: Bioinformation
Divya Shaji
Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDPs) lack a stable, three-dimensional structure under physiological conditions, yet they exhibit numerous biological activities. Protean segments (ProSs) are the functional regions of intrinsically disordered proteins that undergo disorder-to-order transitions upon binding to their partners. Example ProSs collected from the intrinsically disordered proteins with extensive annotations and literature (IDEAL) database. The interface of protean segments (ProSs) is classified into core, rim, and support, and analyzed their secondary structure elements (SSEs) based on the relative accessible surface area (rASA)...
2016: Bioinformation
Syed Hussain Basha, Abhishek Thakur, Firoz A Samad
Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) an immunoregulatory enzyme and emerging as a new therapeutic drug target for the treatment of cancer. Carboranes, an icosahedral arrangement of eleven boron atoms plus one carbon atom with unique pharmacological properties such low toxicity, isosterism with phenyl ring and stability to hydrolysis. On the other hand, carboranes are known to increase the interaction of ligand with non-polar region of the protein provides an excellent platform to explore these carboranes towards designing and development of novel, potent and target specific drug candidates with further enhanced binding affinities...
2016: Bioinformation
Mohammad Teimouri, Muhammad Junaid, Shoaib Saleem, Abbas Khan, Arif Ali
The contest of cancer couldn't be completed without novel drug with novel modes of action, improved efficacy and acceptable pharmacokinetic properties. Transcription factors are attractive targets to develop anti-cancerous drugs. 6-Gingerol, Anethol analogues, Capsaicinoids, Curcumin, Dibenzoylmethane, Diosgenin, Eugenol, Gambogic acid, Thymoquinone, Ursolic acid, Xanthohumol, Zerumbone are the promising nutraceuticals that help in the prevention of cancer. These nutraceuticals showed promising activity in invitro tests...
2016: Bioinformation
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