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Francesco Chiappelli, Vandan R Kasar, Nicole Balenton, Allen Khakshooy
Translational science conceptualizes healthcare as a concerted set of processes that integrate research findings from the bench to the bedside. This model of healthcare is effectiveness-focused, patient-centered, and evidence-based, and yields evidence-based revisions of practice-based guidelines, which emerge from research synthesis protocols in comparative effectiveness research that are disseminated in systematic reviews. Systematic reviews produce qualitative and quantitative consensi of the best available evidence...
2018: Bioinformation
Saba Hasan, Ruba Taha, Halima El Omri
Sub population of cancer cells, referred to as Cancer stem cells (CSCs) or tumor initiating cells, have enhanced metastatic potential that drives tumor progression. CSCs have been found to hold intrinsic resistance to present chemotherapeutic strategies. This resistance is attributed to DNA reparability, slower cell cycle and high levels of detoxifying enzymes. Hence, CSCs pose an obstacle against chemotherapy. The increasing prevalence of drug resistant cancers necessitates further research and treatment development...
2018: Bioinformation
Sammer Siddiqui, Muhammad F Anwar, Sadaf Naeem, Syed Hani Abidi, Shamshad Zarina, Syed Ali
Simian virus 40 large T-antigen (SV40 LT-Ag) is a 708 amino acid nuclear phosphoprotein. Among many functions of LT-Ag is its ability to perform as an ATPase-helicase, catalyzing the unwinding of viral genome during replication. The LT-Ag has been employed in the studies of helicase structure and function, and has served as a model helicase for the screening of antiviral drugs that target viral helicase. In this study, using in vitro enzyme assays and in silico computer modeling, we screened a batch of 18 fluoroquinolones to assess their potential as antivirals by virtue of their inhibition of the LT-Ag helicase...
2018: Bioinformation
Md Kamrul Hasan, Saruar Alam, Jovan Mirkovic, Md Faruk Hossain
Previous studies showed that prolonged exposure to fluoride (F-) and aluminum (Al3+) ions is associated with numerous diseases including neurological disorders. They don't have any known biological function. But they can bind with proteins that interact with ions similar to them. Such unwanted interactions affect the normal biological function of the target proteins, as well as their downstream protein-protein interactions. Several studies show the detrimental effects posed by them including Alzheimer's disease...
2018: Bioinformation
Gabriel O Eniafe, Damilohun S Metibemu, Olaposi I Omotuyi, Adewale J Ogunleye, Olumide K Inyang, Niyi S Adelakun, Yakubu O Adeniran, Bamidele Adewumi, Ojochenemi A Enejoh, Joseph O Osunmuyiwa, Sidiqat A Shodehinde, Oluwatoba E Oyeneyin
Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway that poses a major threat to human health. With increase industrialization in the developed and developing countries, the incidence of asthma is on the rise. The β2-adrenergic receptor is an important target in designing anti-asthmatic drugs. The synthetic agonists of the β2-adrenergic receptor used over the years proved effective, but with indispensable side effects, thereby limiting their therapeutic use on a long-term scale. Inverse agonists of this receptor, although initially contraindicated, had been reported to have long-term beneficial effects...
2018: Bioinformation
Aisha Al-Yamani, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Farid Ahmed, Mohammed Abbas, Khalid Hussein Wali Sait, Nisreen Anfinan, Mohammad Khalid Al-Wasiyah, Etimad A Huwait, Mamdouh Gari, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from various sources have been used in cartilage differentiation with variable success. Therefore, it is of interest to evaluate the in vitro differentiation potential of the hWJSCs derived from the human umbilical cords into chondrocytes at the stem cell research facility at the King Abdulaziz University. hWJSCs are an attractive choice for tissue engineering and regenerative medical applications including cartilage regeneration. We evaluated the hWJSCs using classical histological and cartilage related gene expression studies...
2018: Bioinformation
Hongzhao Li, Lin Li, Lewis R Liu, Robert W Omange, Nikki Toledo, Mohammad Abul Kashem, Yan Hai, Binhua Liang, Francis A Plummer, Ma Luo
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of Mauritian cynomolgus macaques (MCMs) is an increasingly important nonhuman primate model for HIV vaccine research. We previously reported that in MCMs anti-SIV antibodies can be naturally developed without exogenous infection or vaccination, and that a vaccine targeting SIV protease cleavage sites (PCS) can cross-induce antibodies to non-PCS SIV antigens. We speculate that this is potentially caused by the existence of endogenous SIV-like antigens. External stimuli (such as environmental factors and vaccination) may induce expression of endogenous SIV-like antigens to elicit these antibodies...
2018: Bioinformation
Maria Pratheepa, Thiruvengadam Venkatesan, Gandhi Gracy, Sushil Kumar Jalali, Rajagopal Rangheswaran, Jomin Cruz Antony, Anil Rai
MOlecular Database on Indian Insects (MODII) is an online database linking several databases like Insect Pest Info, Insect Barcode Information System (IBIn), Insect Whole Genome sequence, Other Genomic Resources of National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources (NBAIR), Whole Genome sequencing of Honey bee viruses, Insecticide resistance gene database and Genomic tools. This database was developed with a holistic approach for collecting information about phenomic and genomic information of agriculturally important insects...
2018: Bioinformation
Paul Shapshak
From the start, Kurt Godel observed that computer and brain paradigms were considered on a par by researchers and that researchers had misunderstood his theorems. He hailed with displeasure that the brain transcends computers. In this brief article, we point out that Artificial Intelligence (AI) comprises multitudes of human-made methodologies, systems, and languages, and implemented with computer technology. These advances enhance development in the electron and quantum realms. In the biological realm, animal neurons function, also utilizing electron flow, and are products of evolution...
2018: Bioinformation
Govindaraju Archunan
Olfaction is an important mechanism by which humans and animals communicate with environment. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) play crucial role in the olfactory mechanism. Here, we briefly discuss about the role of OBPs and their importance in industrial, pest management and therapeutic developments.
2018: Bioinformation
Amr T M Saeb
Bioinformatics tools and techniques analyzing next-generation sequencing (NGS) data are increasingly used for the diagnosis and monitoring of infectious diseases. It is of interest to review the application of bioinformatics tools, commonly used databases and NGS data in clinical microbiology, focusing on molecular identification, genotypic, microbiome research, antimicrobial resistance analysis and detection of unknown disease-associated pathogens in clinical specimens. This review documents available bioinformatics resources and databases that are used by medical microbiology scientists and physicians to control emerging infectious pathogens...
2018: Bioinformation
Benson Otarigho, Mofolusho O Falade
We explored 285 completed eukaryotic pathogen genomes for GABA transporter proteins as effective chemotherapy targets. We identified 8 GABA proteins that spread across 4 phyla with 5 different pathogen species; Eimeria mitis Houghton, Neospora caninum Liverpool, S. mansoni, S. haematobium and Trichinella spiralis. Sub-cellular localization prediction revealed that these proteins are integral membrane and are mostly insoluble. It is found that about 81% of these proteins are non-crystallizable and 15% are crystallizable...
2018: Bioinformation
Sindhura Gudipati, Ravi Muttineni, Archana Uday Mankad, Himanshu Aniruddha Pandya, Yogesh Trilokinath Jasrai
Noggin (NOG) a BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) antagonist plays a key role in preferentially driving a subset of breast cancer cells towards the bone and causing osteolytic lesions leading to severe pain and discomfort in the patients. Owing to its role in bone metastasis, NOG could be promising molecular target in bone metastasis and that identifying small molecule inhibitors could aid in the treatment. Towards identifying cognate inhibitors of NOG, structure based virtual screen was employed. A total of 8...
2018: Bioinformation
Swati Sharma, Vinita Hooda
Catalase is an essential antioxidant enzyme that is well characterized from microbial and animal sources. The structure of plant catalase is unknown. Therefore, it is of interest to understand the functional and structural characteristics of catalase from an Indian gooseberry, Phyllanthus emblica (or Emblica officinalis). Hence, catalase from P. emblica was cloned in pUC18 plasmid, sequenced and submitted to GenBank with the accession numbers "MF979112" and "ATO98311.1". InterProScan showed that the coding sequence is monofunctional and haem-dependent catalase-like superfamily...
2018: Bioinformation
Irena Roterman, Mateusz Banach, Leszek Konieczny
A set of short peptide sequences susceptible to fibrillar aggregation produces sequneces capable of arresting elongation of amyloid fibrils. The "stop" signals are short helices customized for each individual target. Such a helix should exhibit high amphiphilicity, with differing conditions present on each side (one side should be highly hydrophilic to enable water to interact with the aggregate, while the other side must retain a local distribution of hydrophobicity which matches that of the terminal portion of the fibril)...
2018: Bioinformation
S V Reshma, Nitish Sathyanarayanan, H G Nagendra
Hypothetical proteins are functionally uncharacterized proteins with assigned function using sequence annotation tools. Almost half of the coding regions of several genomes are hypothetical proteins. Therefore, it is of our interest to characterize a hypothetical protein YVRE from the model system Bacillus subtilis using known data. YVRE is assigned the function as a glucono-lactonase using prediction and phylogenetic analysis. A molecular dynamics simulated homology model of YVRE (with calcium) using human senescence marker protein 30 /SMP30 (PDB ID: 3G4E) as template is reported for functional inference...
2017: Bioinformation
Ar-Rafi Md Faisal, Syed Hassan Imtiaz, Tasnim Zerin, Tania Rahman, Hossain Uddin Shekhar
Lassa virus (LASV) is an arena virus causing hemorrhagic fever and it is endemic in several regions of West Africa. The disease-causing virus records high mortality rate in endemic regions due to lack of appropriate treatment and prevention strategies. Therefore, it is of interest to design and develop viable vaccine components against the virus. We used the Lassa virus envelope glyco-proteins as a vaccine target to identify linear peptides as potential epitopes with immunogenic properties by computer aided epitope prediction tools...
2017: Bioinformation
Yash Shah, Deepak Sehgal, Jayaraman K Valadi
The importance to develop effective alternatives to known antibiotics due to increased microbial resistance is gaining momentum in recent years. Therefore, it is of interest to predict, design and computationally model Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs). AMPs are oligopeptides with varying size (from 5 to over100 residues) having key role in innate immunity. Thus, the potential exploitation of AMPs as novel therapeutic agents is evident. They act by causing cell death either by disrupting the microbial membrane by inhibiting extracellular polymer synthesis or by altering intra cellular polymer functions...
2017: Bioinformation
Nicole Balenton, Francesco Chiappelli
Bioinformation is at the very core of 21st-century healthcare. Telehealth consists of the range of healthcare-related services delivered through bioinformation-aided telecommunications across health-related disciplines, including nursing. Whereas it is clear that bedside patient-centered nursing can never be replaced, recent developments in bioinformation-aided telenursing will undoubtedly contribute to improving healthcare effectiveness and efficacy. Current trends show that as telenursing becomes increasingly timely and critical, healthcare professionals adopt new and improved evidence-based practices as a standard for patient care worldwide...
2017: Bioinformation
Paul Shapshak, Charurut Somboonwit, John T Sinnott
Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics, co-robotics (cobots), quantum computers (QC), include surges of scientific endeavor to produce machines (mechanical and software) among numerous types and constructions that are accelerating progress to defeat infectious diseases. There is a plethora of additional applications and uses of these methodologies and technologies for the understanding of biomedicine through bioinformation discovery. Therefore, we briefly outline the use of such techniques in virology.
2017: Bioinformation
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