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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#1
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877727/zonnic%C3%A2-a-new-player-in-an-old-field
#2
REVIEW
Min Gong, Michael S Dunbar, Claude Setodji, William G Shadel
The tobacco industry is continually evolving to adapt to increasing tobacco control pressure and regulation, and to cater to consumer preferences. Recently, RJ Reynolds rolled-out a nicotine-containing gum, Zonnic®, which is marketed as a smoking cessation and reduction product and is sold at convenience stores at a lower price and in a smaller quantity than existing brands sold at pharmacies. The introduction of Zonnic® products is a critical first step in tobacco industry's involvement in the NRT market and a serious indication of the evolving tobacco and nicotine-delivery industry and environment...
September 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841918/sexual-behaviors-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-a-mountainous-area-in-northern-vietnam
#3
Victoria L Boggiano, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Hai Quan Le, Canh Dinh Hoang, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A Latkin, Nabil Zary, Thuc Minh Thi Vu
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) improves patients' ability to access HIV-related services and reduces needle sharing and other risky HIV-related behaviors. However, patients may continue to engage in risky sexual practices. In this study, we evaluate sexual behaviors of MMT patients in a mountainous province in Northern Vietnam. METHODS: We explored the health status, MMT and substance use history, and sexual practices of 241 male MMT patients in Tuyen Quang province...
August 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818114/the-impact-of-subsidized-low-aromatic-fuel-laf-on-petrol-gasoline-sniffing-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities
#4
Peter d'Abbs, Gillian Shaw, Emma Field
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Australian Government has subsidized the production and distribution of Low Aromatic Fuel (LAF) as a deterrent against petrol (gasoline) sniffing in remote Indigenous communities. LAF is used in place of unleaded petrol as a fuel for vehicles and other engines. This paper reports findings from an independent evaluation of the LAF rollout. METHODS: Forty one Indigenous communities were surveyed between 2010 and 2014, with each community being visited twice at a two yearly interval...
August 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814313/a-mixed-methods-study-of-hiv-related-services-in-buprenorphine-treatment
#5
Hannah K Knudsen, Jennifer Cook, Michelle R Lofwall, Sharon L Walsh, Jamie L Studts, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a major risk factor in the acquisition and transmission of HIV. Clinical practice guidelines call for the integration of HIV services in OUD treatment. This mixed methods study describes the integration of HIV services in buprenorphine treatment and examines whether HIV services vary by prescribers' medical specialty and across practice settings. METHODS: Data were obtained via qualitative interviews with buprenorphine experts (n = 21) and mailed surveys from US buprenorphine prescribers (n = 1174)...
August 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810899/chronic-pain-and-opioid-misuse-a-review-of-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Pauline Voon, Mohammad Karamouzian, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: The crisis of prescription opioid (PO) related harms has focused attention toward identifying and treating high-risk populations. This review aims to synthesize systematic reviews on the epidemiology and clinical management of comorbid chronic pain and PO or other substance misuse. METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted to identify systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible studies were systematic reviews related to chronic non-cancer pain and PO or other substance misuse...
August 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716045/barriers-to-accessing-and-using-health-insurance-cards-among-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients-in-northern-vietnam
#7
Bach Xuan Tran, Victoria L Boggiano, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Anh Tuan Le Nguyen, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients face unique costs associated with their healthcare expenditures. As such, it is important that these patients have access to health insurance (HI) to help them pay for both routine and unforeseen health services. In this study, we explored factors related to health insurance enrollment and utilization among MMT patients, to move Vietnam closer to universal coverage among this patient population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1003 patients enrolled in MMT in five clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh provinces...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701196/functional-beliefs-and-risk-minimizing-beliefs-among-thai-healthcare-workers-in-maharaj-nakorn-chiang-mai-hospital-its-association-with-intention-to-quit-tobacco-and-alcohol
#8
Surin Jiraniramai, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Nalinee Jakkaew, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Individual health beliefs are likely to play a key role in how people respond to knowledge and information about the potential harm from smoking and alcohol abuse. The objectives of the study were to 1) explore whether functional beliefs and risk minimizing beliefs were associated with intention to quit smoking and confidence to quit smoking and 2) explore whether functional beliefs and risk minimizing beliefs were associated with intention to quit alcohol drinking and confidence to quit alcohol drinking...
July 12, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651618/relationships-between-received-and-perceived-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-mainland-china
#9
Kaina Zhou, Hengxin Li, Xiaoli Wei, Juan Yin, Peifeng Liang, Hongmei Zhang, Lingling Kou, Mengmeng Hao, Lijuan You, Xiaomei Li, Guihua Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Social support has been considered one of the most important factors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) evaluations among different populations; however, few studies have explored the relationships of both received and perceived social support to HRQoL among patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Thus, the purpose of this cross-sectional study was to clarify these relationships. METHODS: Participants were patients admitted at the two largest privately and publicly funded MMT clinics in Xi'an...
June 26, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651601/health-and-behavioral-factors-associated-with-binge-drinking-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries
#10
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Heavy drinking among university students has been globally recognized as a major public health burden. In the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, studies on this issue have been scant, country-specific and in different time frames. The aim of this study was to identify social and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among university students in nine ASEAN countries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among 8809 undergraduate university students from 13 universities in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam using self-administered questionnaire...
June 26, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595642/adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-and-associated-factors-among-patients-in-vietnamese-mountainside-areas
#11
Long Hoang Nguyen, Huong Thu Thi Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is essential to achieve successful methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, treatment adherence among MMT patients in the mountainous setting in Vietnam has not been yet investigated. This study aimed to explore the medication adherence and associated factors in MMT patients in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two MMT clinics namely Tuyen Quang and Son Duong. Convenience sampling method was used to recruit patients...
June 8, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587622/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-the-drug-abuse-screening-test-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#12
Jung-Yu Liao, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Jong-Long Guo, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shu-Fang Shih
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-20) among adolescents, as well as examining the test's predictability with regard to the actual level of drug abuse. METHOD: A total of 100 adolescent participants were recruited with their consent, in which 49 were current drug users and 51 were non-users. Based on the frequency of their drug use, participants who had used drugs at least once every week during the past year were classified as regular users (34 participants); participants who had not reached the regular use frequency of once every week during the past year were classified as occasional users (15 participants)...
June 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558841/physical-pain-is-common-and-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#13
Disa Dahlman, Alex H Kral, Lynn Wenger, Anders Hakansson, Scott P Novak
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) often have poor health and lack access to health care. The aim of this study was to examine whether PWID engage in self-treatment through nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU). We describe the prevalence and features of self-reported physical pain and its association with NMPOU. METHODS: PWID (N = 702) in San Francisco, California (age 18+) were recruited to complete interviewer administered surveys between 2011 and 2013...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558808/gender-differences-in-discharge-dispositions-of-emergency-department-visits-involving-drug-misuse-and-abuse-2004-2011
#14
Jennifer I Manuel, Jane Lee
BACKGROUND: Drug use-related visits to the emergency department (ED) can undermine discharge planning and lead to recurrent use of acute services. Yet, little is known about where patients go post discharge. We explored trends in discharge dispositions of drug-involved ED visits, with a focus on gender differences. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2004-2011 Drug Abuse Warning Network, a national probability sample of drug-related visits to hospital EDs in the U...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#15
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545551/identifying-and-reducing-disparities-in-successful-addiction-treatment-completion-testing-the-role-of-medicaid-payment-acceptance
#16
Erick G Guerrero, Bryan R Garner, Benjamin Cook, Yinfei Kong, William A Vega, Lillian Gelberg
BACKGROUND: Medicaid has become the largest payer of substance use disorder treatment and may enhance access to quality care and reduce disparities. We tested whether treatment programs' acceptance of Medicaid payments was associated with reduced disparities between Mexican Americans and non-Latino Whites. METHODS: We analyzed client and program data from 122 publicly funded treatment programs in 2010 and 112 programs in 2013. These data were merged with information regarding 15,412 adult clients from both periods, of whom we selected only Mexican Americans (n = 7130, 46...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526048/men-s-and-women-s-response-to-treatment-and-perceptions-of-outcomes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-injectable-opioid-assisted-treatment-for-severe-opioid-use-disorder
#17
Heather Palis, Kirsten Marchand, Daphne Guh, Suzanne Brissette, Kurt Lock, Scott MacDonald, Scott Harrison, Aslam H Anis, Michael Krausz, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
BACKGROUND: To test whether there are gender differences in treatment outcomes among patients receiving injectable opioids for the treatment of long-term opioid-dependence. The study additionally explores whether men and women have different perceptions of treatment effectiveness. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis from SALOME, a double-blind, phase III, randomized controlled trial testing the non-inferiorirty of injectable hydromorphone to injectable diacetylmorphine among 202 long-term street opioid injectors in Vancouver (Canada)...
May 19, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#18
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506295/gender-specific-predictors-of-at-risk-adolescents-hazardous-alcohol-use-a-cohort-study
#19
Camilla Jalling, Tobias H Elgán, Anders Tengström, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found strong associations between adolescents' hazardous alcohol use and their perception of peer behavior, as well as own spending money and a range of antisocial behaviors. However, there is insufficient evidence of gender-specific predictors among adolescents with elevated antisocial behavior and alcohol use to design effective selective interventions. The aims of this study were to test short-term predictors of Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) and risk-use of alcohol among 12-18-year-old females and males with elevated externalizing and delinquent behavior, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490343/roadside-opioid-testing-of-drivers-using-oral-fluid-the-case-of-a-country-with-a-zero-tolerance-law-spain
#20
Inmaculada Fierro, Mónica Colás, Juan Carlos González-Luque, F Javier Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Opioids can impair psychomotor performance, and driving under the influence of opioids is associated with an increased risk of accidents. The goals of this study were i) to determine the prevalence of opioids (heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone and tramadol) in Spanish drivers and ii) to explore the presence of opioids, more specifically whether they are used alone or in combination with other drugs. METHODS: The 2008/9 DRUID database regarding Spain was used, which provided information on 3302 drivers...
May 10, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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