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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241546/the-housing-first-technical-assistance-and-training-hftat-implementation-strategy-outcomes-from-a-mixed-methods-study-of-three-programs
#1
Dennis P Watson, Emily Q Ahonen, Valery Shuman, Molly Brown, Sam Tsemberis, Philip Huynh, Fangqian Ouyang, Huiping Xu
BACKGROUND: This paper discusses the initial testing of the Housing First Training and Technical Assistance (HFTAT) Program, a multifaceted, distance-based strategy for the implementation of the Housing First (HF) supportive housing model. HF is a complex housing intervention for serving people living with serious mental illness and a substance use disorder that requires significant individual- and structural-level changes to implement. As such, the HFTAT employs a combined training and consultation approach to target different levels of the organization...
September 21, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200998/adolescents-parents-and-teachers-perceptions-of-risk-and-protective-factors-of-substance-use-in-moroccan-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#2
Hicham El Kazdouh, Abdelghaffar El-Ammari, Siham Bouftini, Samira El Fakir, Youness El Achhab
BACKGROUND: Substance use in adolescents is a global public health concern that continues to draw attention from academics, policy experts, and government officials. In Morocco, few studies have investigated the influencing factors of substance use in adolescents. Here, we aimed to fill this gap and to better understand factors that protect or influence substance use in adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using focus group discussions. The semi-structured interview guides were based on the socio-ecological model as a theoretical framework to explore perceptions of students, parents, and teachers regarding substance use risks and protective factors in adolescents...
September 10, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139369/how-broad-are-state-physician-health-program-descriptions-of-physician-impairment
#3
Nicholas D Lawson, J Wesley Boyd
BACKGROUND: Physician health program websites in 23 states provide many descriptions of possible physician impairment. This study sought to determine whether these descriptions are so broad that almost everyone might potentially be suspected of being impaired given these descriptions. METHODS: The authors randomly selected 25 descriptions of impairment and then presented them anonymously online to members of the general population in full-time employment through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 199)...
August 23, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134921/assessing-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-versions-of-craving-beliefs-and-beliefs-about-substance-use-questionnaire-in-patients-with-heroin-use-disorder-demonstrating-valid-tools-to-assess-cognition-emotion-interplay
#4
Melike Küçükkarapınar, Hale Yapici Eser, Vahap Ozan Kotan, Merve Yalcinay-Inan, Rifat Tarhan, Zehra Arikan
BACKGROUND: Cognitions associated with craving and substance use are important contributors for the psychological theories of Substance use disorders (SUD), as they may affect the course and treatment. In this study, we aimed to validate Turkish version of two major scales 'Beliefs About Substance Use'(BSU) and 'Craving Beliefs Questionnaire'(CBQ) in patients with heroin use disorder and define the interaction of these beliefs with patient profile, depression and anxiety symptoms, with an aim to use these thoughts as targets for treatment...
August 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092806/change-and-variability-in-drug-treatment-coverage-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-90-large-metropolitan-areas-in-the-usa-1993-2007
#5
Barbara Tempalski, Charles M Cleland, Leslie D Williams, Hannah L F Cooper, Samuel R Friedman
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has found low and stable mean drug treatment coverage among people who inject drugs (PWID) across 90 large US metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) during 1993-2002. This manuscript updates previous estimates of change in drug treatment coverage for PWID in 90 MSAs during 1993-2007. METHODS: Our drug treatment sample for calculating treatment coverage includes clients enrolled in residential or ambulatory inpatient/outpatient care, detoxification services, and methadone maintenance therapy at publicly- and privately-funded substance abuse agencies receiving public funds...
August 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976225/use-of-withdrawal-management-services-among-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-vancouver-canada
#6
Sharon Vipler, Kanna Hayashi, M-J Milloy, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr, Lianping Ti
BACKGROUND: For many individuals with substance use disorders, the entry point for addiction treatment can be through withdrawal management (e.g. detoxification) services. However, little is known about the factors that predict withdrawal management service use among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD). Using data derived from two prospective cohorts of PWUD, we conducted a longitudinal data analysis of factors associated with use of withdrawal management services. METHODS: Individuals participating in two cohorts of PWUD were prospectively followed between December 2005 and May 2016 in Vancouver, Canada...
July 5, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961426/marijuana-promotions-on-social-media-adolescents-views-on-prevention-strategies
#7
Megan A Moreno, Aubrey D Gower, Marina C Jenkins, Bradley Kerr, Jesse Gritton
BACKGROUND: Youth exposure to positive marijuana messages increases their risk of marijuana use. Since Washington State legalized recreational marijuana in 2012, marijuana businesses have used social media business pages to promote their products. Regulations to prevent youth access and targeting by marijuana businesses on social media in Washington State are absent. The purpose of this study was to engage youth in conceptualizing prevention approaches to limit youth exposure to marijuana business promotions on social media...
July 2, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929542/suspension-of-the-national-registry-of-evidence-based-programs-and-practices-the-importance-of-adhering-to-the-evidence
#8
LETTER
Sharon Green-Hennessy
Recently the United States Assistant Secretary of Mental Health and Substance Use disclosed having suspended the National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices, stating it was so deficient in both rigor and breadth that it must be replaced. However, a closer examination of her claims about the Registry indicates many of them to be inaccurate. Contrary to her assertions, the Registry is not devoid of medication-assisted treatments for opioid use; nor does it contain but a scant few interventions related to schizophrenia and psychosis...
June 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925403/perceived-driving-safety-and-estimated-blood-alcohol-concentration-bac-the-morning-after-drinking-amongst-young-australians-attending-a-music-festival-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Mario Fernando, Johanna Buckland, Prashina Melwani, Vanessa Tent, Philip Preston, Sabrina Winona Pit
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes remain a significant and costly public health issue globally. Particularly young people are over-represented in these incidents. This study set out to explore the factors that influence individuals' perceptions of their safety to drive, and the factors related to a change in intention to drive. METHODS: Four hundred nine young people aged 18-40 attending an Australian multi-day music festival completed a survey measuring demographics, alcohol use, amount of sleep obtained the previous night, intention to drive, number of passengers, perceived safety to drive, estimated BAC (measured in g/210 L) and change in intention to drive following a BAC measurement via breathalysers...
June 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914541/family-management-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-substance-use-in-south-africa
#10
Beatrice Wamuyu Muchiri, Monika M L Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: An increasingly recognised prevention approach for substance use entails a reduction in risk factors, and the enhancement of promotive, or protective factors in individuals and the environment surrounding them during their growth and development. METHODS: This exploratory study evaluated the effect of potential risk and protective factors associated with family management relating to adolescent substance use in South Africa. Exploratory analysis and cumulative odds ordinal logistic regression modelling was performed on the data, while controlling for the influence of demographic and socio-economic characteristics on adolescent substance use...
June 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859110/principles-for-managing-oud-related-to-chronic-pain-in-the-nordic-countries-based-on-a-structured-assessment-of-current-practice
#11
REVIEW
Johan Kakko, Charlotte Gedeon, Mikael Sandell, Henrik Grelz, Inge Birkemose, Thomas Clausen, Valgerður Rúnarsdóttir, Kaarlo Simojoki, Richard Littlewood, Hannu Alho, Fred Nyberg
BACKGROUND: Long-term use of opioid analgesics (OA) for chronic pain may result in opioid use disorder (OUD). This is associated with adverse outcomes for individuals, families and society. Treatment needs of people with OUD related to chronic pain are different compared to dependence related to use, and also injection, of illicit opioids. In Nordic countries, day-to-day practical advice to assist clinical decision-making is insufficient. AIM: To develop principles based on expert clinical insights for treatment of OUD related to the long-term use of OA in the context of chronic pain...
June 1, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843744/-freshman-s-week-characteristics-associated-with-participation-and-experiencing-adverse-effects
#12
E K Erevik, S Pallesen, Ø Vedaa, C S Andreassen, T Torsheim
BACKGROUND: "Freshman's week" (FW) is a Norwegian initiation ritual to higher education. Previous research has suggested that FW-participation is associated with better social adjustment to the student setting, as well as heavy alcohol use both during and after the event. In this study, we aimed to identify characteristics associated with participation in FW and characteristics associated with experiencing adverse effects of alcohol use during FW. METHODS: Students in the city of Bergen, Norway participated in a survey during fall 2015, shortly after FW...
May 29, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801458/drug-checking-a-potential-solution-to-the-opioid-overdose-epidemic
#13
LETTER
Geoff Bardwell, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: North America is experiencing an overdose epidemic driven in part by the proliferation of illicitly-manufactured fentanyl and related analogues. In response, communities are scaling up novel overdose prevention interventions. Included are drug checking technologies. MAIN BODY: Drug checking technologies aim to identify the contents of illicit drugs. These technologies vary considerably in terms of cost, accuracy, and usability, and while efforts are now underway to implement drug checking programs for people who inject drugs, there remains a lack of rigorous evaluation of their impacts...
May 25, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793523/financial-hardship-and-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Su Hyun Park, Yazan Al-Ajlouni, Joseph J Palamar, William C Goedel, Anthony Estreet, Brian Elbel, Scott E Sherman, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of financial hardship as it relates to drug use, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM). As such, this study aimed to investigate potential associations between financial hardship status and drug use among MSM. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 580 MSM in Paris recruited using a popular geosocial-networking smartphone application (GSN apps). Descriptive analyses and multivariate analyses were performed...
May 24, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789018/pain-clinic-definitions-in-the-medical-literature-and-u-s-state-laws-an-integrative-systematic-review-and-comparison
#15
REVIEW
Barbara Andraka-Christou, Joshua B Rager, Brittany Brown-Podgorski, Ross D Silverman, Dennis P Watson
BACKGROUND: In response to widespread opioid misuse, ten U.S. states have implemented regulations for facilities that primarily manage and treat chronic pain, called "pain clinics." Whether a clinic falls into a state's pain clinic definition determines the extent to which it is subject to oversight. It is unclear whether state pain clinic definitions model those found in the medical literature, and potential differences lead to discrepancies between scientific and professionally guided advice found in the medical literature and actual pain clinic practice...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788975/activism-and-scientific-research-20-years-of-community-action-by-the-vancouver-area-network-of-drug-users
#16
Ehsan Jozaghi, Alissa M Greer, Hugh Lampkin, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, there have been numerous peer-reviewed articles written about people who use drugs (PWUDs) from the Downtown Eastside neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada. While individual researchers have engaged and acknowledged this population as participants and community partners in their work, there has been comparatively little attention given to the role of PWUDs and drug user organizations in directing, influencing, and shaping research agendas. METHODS: In this community-driven research, we examine 20 years of peer-reviewed studies, university theses, books, and reports that have been directed, influenced, and shaped by members of the activist organization the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users (VANDU)...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743100/cannabis-and-kratom-online-information-in-thailand-facebook-trends-2015-2016
#17
Kanittha Thaikla, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to evaluate the trends in online information about cannabis and kratom on Facebook in Thailand, where there is current discussion regarding legalizing these drugs. METHODS: Between April and November 2015, reviewers searched for cannabis and kratom Facebook pages in the Thai language via the common search engines. Content analysis was performed and the contents of each page were categorized by the tone of the post (positive, negative or neutral)...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743089/reasons-for-betel-quid-chewing-amongst-dependent-and-non-dependent-betel-quid-chewing-adolescents-a-school-based-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Azmina Hussain, Sidra Zaheer, Kashif Shafique
BACKGROUND: Betel quid (BQ) chewing in children is initiated in their adolescence. It is pivotal to understand adolescents' reasons behind chewing BQ. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the reasons for BQ chewing amongst adolescents using reasons for betel quid chewing scale (RBCS) and their associated dependency on it. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional school based survey. Out of 2200 adolescents from 26 schools of Karachi, 874 BQ chewers were assessed for their reasons of BQ chewing and dependency on it...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673369/challenges-in-implementing-opioid-agonist-therapy-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study-from-a-user-s-perspective
#19
Ali Ghaddar, Sanaa Khandaqji, Zeinab Abbass
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) has been implemented for the treatment of individuals with opioid use disorders in Lebanon since 2011, but has not been evaluated yet. The aim of the study is to describe the implementation of the first pilot OAT program in Lebanon from the users' perspective. METHODS: Data collectors gathered data from male participants during June 2016-July 2016. Eighty-one out of 94 patients agreed to participate in the study. Data regarding access to treatment, satisfaction with the treatment protocol and treatment outcomes, patient-provider relationship, and misuse and diversion was collected through semi-structured qualitative interviews...
April 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622021/substance-use-and-associated-factors-among-debre-berhan-university-students-central-ethiopia
#20
Tesfay Birhane Gebremariam, Kalayu Birhane Mruts, Tedla Kutaye Neway
BACKGROUND: Being a global burden of youths, substances use is unhealthy behavior that exposes youths to health and social problems. Knowledge of the prevalence and predictors of substance use behavior among university students is important for designing periodic and locally appropriate interventions. This study is conducted to assess the prevalence and predicators of substances among Debre Berhan University students. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative study was employed in May 2016...
April 5, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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