journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595642/adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-and-associated-factors-among-patients-in-vietnamese-mountainside-areas
#1
Long Hoang Nguyen, Huong Thu Thi Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is essential to achieve successful methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, treatment adherence among MMT patients in the mountainous setting in Vietnam has not been yet investigated. This study aimed to explore the medication adherence and associated factors in MMT patients in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two MMT clinics namely Tuyen Quang and Son Duong. Convenience sampling method was used to recruit patients...
June 8, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587622/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-mandarin-chinese-version-of-the-drug-abuse-screening-test-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#2
Jung-Yu Liao, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Jong-Long Guo, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Shu-Fang Shih
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-20) among adolescents, as well as examining the test's predictability with regard to the actual level of drug abuse. METHOD: A total of 100 adolescent participants were recruited with their consent, in which 49 were current drug users and 51 were non-users. Based on the frequency of their drug use, participants who had used drugs at least once every week during the past year were classified as regular users (34 participants); participants who had not reached the regular use frequency of once every week during the past year were classified as occasional users (15 participants)...
June 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558841/physical-pain-is-common-and-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#3
Disa Dahlman, Alex H Kral, Lynn Wenger, Anders Hakansson, Scott P Novak
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) often have poor health and lack access to health care. The aim of this study was to examine whether PWID engage in self-treatment through nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU). We describe the prevalence and features of self-reported physical pain and its association with NMPOU. METHODS: PWID (N = 702) in San Francisco, California (age 18+) were recruited to complete interviewer administered surveys between 2011 and 2013...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558808/gender-differences-in-discharge-dispositions-of-emergency-department-visits-involving-drug-misuse-and-abuse-2004-2011
#4
Jennifer I Manuel, Jane Lee
BACKGROUND: Drug use-related visits to the emergency department (ED) can undermine discharge planning and lead to recurrent use of acute services. Yet, little is known about where patients go post discharge. We explored trends in discharge dispositions of drug-involved ED visits, with a focus on gender differences. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2004-2011 Drug Abuse Warning Network, a national probability sample of drug-related visits to hospital EDs in the U...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#5
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545551/identifying-and-reducing-disparities-in-successful-addiction-treatment-completion-testing-the-role-of-medicaid-payment-acceptance
#6
Erick G Guerrero, Bryan R Garner, Benjamin Cook, Yinfei Kong, William A Vega, Lillian Gelberg
BACKGROUND: Medicaid has become the largest payer of substance use disorder treatment and may enhance access to quality care and reduce disparities. We tested whether treatment programs' acceptance of Medicaid payments was associated with reduced disparities between Mexican Americans and non-Latino Whites. METHODS: We analyzed client and program data from 122 publicly funded treatment programs in 2010 and 112 programs in 2013. These data were merged with information regarding 15,412 adult clients from both periods, of whom we selected only Mexican Americans (n = 7130, 46...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526048/men-s-and-women-s-response-to-treatment-and-perceptions-of-outcomes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-injectable-opioid-assisted-treatment-for-severe-opioid-use-disorder
#7
Heather Palis, Kirsten Marchand, Daphne Guh, Suzanne Brissette, Kurt Lock, Scott MacDonald, Scott Harrison, Aslam H Anis, Michael Krausz, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
BACKGROUND: To test whether there are gender differences in treatment outcomes among patients receiving injectable opioids for the treatment of long-term opioid-dependence. The study additionally explores whether men and women have different perceptions of treatment effectiveness. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis from SALOME, a double-blind, phase III, randomized controlled trial testing the non-inferiorirty of injectable hydromorphone to injectable diacetylmorphine among 202 long-term street opioid injectors in Vancouver (Canada)...
May 19, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#8
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506295/gender-specific-predictors-of-at-risk-adolescents-hazardous-alcohol-use-a-cohort-study
#9
Camilla Jalling, Tobias H Elgán, Anders Tengström, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found strong associations between adolescents' hazardous alcohol use and their perception of peer behavior, as well as own spending money and a range of antisocial behaviors. However, there is insufficient evidence of gender-specific predictors among adolescents with elevated antisocial behavior and alcohol use to design effective selective interventions. The aims of this study were to test short-term predictors of Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) and risk-use of alcohol among 12-18-year-old females and males with elevated externalizing and delinquent behavior, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490343/roadside-opioid-testing-of-drivers-using-oral-fluid-the-case-of-a-country-with-a-zero-tolerance-law-spain
#10
Inmaculada Fierro, Mónica Colás, Juan Carlos González-Luque, F Javier Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Opioids can impair psychomotor performance, and driving under the influence of opioids is associated with an increased risk of accidents. The goals of this study were i) to determine the prevalence of opioids (heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone and tramadol) in Spanish drivers and ii) to explore the presence of opioids, more specifically whether they are used alone or in combination with other drugs. METHODS: The 2008/9 DRUID database regarding Spain was used, which provided information on 3302 drivers...
May 10, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482904/public-opinion-on-alcohol-consumption-and-intoxication-at-swedish-professional-football-events
#11
Charlotte Skoglund, Natalie Durbeej, Tobias H Elgán, Johanna Gripenberg
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related problems at professional sporting events are of increasing concern and alarming reports are often reported in international media. Although alcohol consumption increases the risk for interpersonal violence, it is viewed as a focal element of large football events. Sweden has a long tradition of high public support for strict alcohol-control policies. However, little is known about public opinions on alcohol intoxication and the support for interventions to decrease intoxication at football events...
May 8, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464898/addressing-tobacco-in-australian-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-settings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-staff-attitudes-and-perceived-barriers
#12
Eliza Skelton, Flora Tzelepis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Adrian Dunlop, Sam McCrabb, Kerrin Palazzi, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Within alcohol and other drug (AOD) services, staff attitudes and beliefs are important influences determining provision of smoking cessation care. This study of AOD staff aimed to examine: a) current attitudes toward smoking cessation care; b) service and staff characteristics associated with unsupportive smoking cessation care attitudes, and c) perceived barriers to providing smoking cessation care. METHODS: Between July-October 2014, 506 staff from 31 Australian AOD services completed an online cross-sectional survey which assessed agreement with 6 attitudinal statements (supportive and unsupportive) and 10 perceived barriers to smoking cessation care in the AOD setting...
May 2, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388954/strategies-to-facilitate-integrated-care-for-people-with-alcohol-and-other-drug-problems-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Michael Savic, David Best, Victoria Manning, Dan I Lubman
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of research highlighting the potential benefits of integrated care as a way of addressing the needs of people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems, given the broad range of other issues clients often experience. However, there has been little academic attention on the strategies that treatment systems, agencies and clinicians could implement to facilitate integrated care. METHODS: We synthesised the existing evidence on strategies to improve integrated care in an AOD treatment context by conducting a systematic review of the literature...
April 7, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381234/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-illicit-drug-use-among-university-students-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#14
Siyan Yi, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Indri Hapsari Susilowati
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug use among university students has been recognized as a global public health issue in recent years. It may lead to poor academic performance that in turn leads to poor productivity in their later life. This study explores prevalence of and factors associated with illicit drug use among university students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). METHODS: This multi-country cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam...
April 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356112/predictors-of-breath-alcohol-concentrations-in-college-parties
#15
Julie M Croff, Eleanor Leavens, Kathleen Olson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and subsequent consequences are harmful for individual college students. Other students and the university can also be negatively impacted by the consequences of alcohol use. METHOD: A field-based study was used to assess the alcohol use environment at college parties. Researchers replicated a previous study by driving and walking a route to identify parties primarily on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday evenings between 9:00 PM and 1:00 AM across an academic year...
March 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347349/use-of-crystal-methamphetamine-among-male-adolescents-in-cape-town-south-africa-caregivers-experiences
#16
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Antonio G Lentoor
BACKGROUND: Against the background that crystal methamphetamine (colloquially known as "tik") is extensively used by the emerging working class Coloured youth in Cape Town, South Africa, this exploratory qualitative study was conducted to explore the experience of mothers whose children use methamphetamine. METHODS: The researchers conducted one-to-one semi-structured in-depth interviews with sixteen (16) purposively selected caregivers (mothers) whose sons use methamphetamine...
March 27, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#17
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320448/sleep-disturbance-and-its-associations-with-severity-of-dependence-depression-and-quality-of-life-among-heroin-dependent-patients-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#18
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Hua Ting, Meng-Huan Wu, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Michael Gossop
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common and may adversely affect treatment outcome, mental health, and quality of life in heroin-dependent patients. Previous studies have focused upon patients receiving treatment. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study to explore the 1-month prevalence of sleep disturbance and its associations with socio-demographic, substance-related characteristics, severity of dependence, severity of depression, and quality of life among heroin-dependent patients before entering treatment program...
March 20, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302153/students-as-effective-harm-reductionists-and-needle-exchange-organizers
#19
EDITORIAL
Kyle Barbour, Miriam McQuade, Brandon Brown
BACKGROUND: Needle exchange programs are safe, highly effective programs for promoting health among people who inject drugs. However, they remain poorly funded, and often illegal, in many places worldwide due to fear and stigma surrounding drug use. Continued advocacy, education, and implementation of new needle exchanges are thus essential to improve public health and reduce structural inequality. COMMENTARY: We argue that students, and especially professional and graduate students, have the potential to play an important role in advancing harm reduction...
March 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298221/post-operative-opioid-pain-management-patterns-for-patients-who-receive-hip-surgery
#20
Chad E Cook, Daniel I Rhon, Brian D Lewis, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: Identifying optimal, post-operative opioid management strategies is a priority of health providers and government agencies. At present, there are no studies we are aware of that have formally investigated opioid prescribing patterns for post-operative non-arthroplasty orthopedic conditions such as femoroacetabular impingement, nor has any study investigated the influence of opioid prescription patterns on health care costs and utilization. We aimed to investigate a subgrouping scheme associated with post-operative opioid prescription strategies and measure the subgroups' direct and indirect health care utilization and costs in individuals undergoing non-arthroplasty orthopedic hip surgery...
March 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
journal
journal
41175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"