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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789018/pain-clinic-definitions-in-the-medical-literature-and-u-s-state-laws-an-integrative-systematic-review-and-comparison
#1
REVIEW
Barbara Andraka-Christou, Joshua B Rager, Brittany Brown-Podgorski, Ross D Silverman, Dennis P Watson
BACKGROUND: In response to widespread opioid misuse, ten U.S. states have implemented regulations for facilities that primarily manage and treat chronic pain, called "pain clinics." Whether a clinic falls into a state's pain clinic definition determines the extent to which it is subject to oversight. It is unclear whether state pain clinic definitions model those found in the medical literature, and potential differences lead to discrepancies between scientific and professionally guided advice found in the medical literature and actual pain clinic practice...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788975/activism-and-scientific-research-20-years-of-community-action-by-the-vancouver-area-network-of-drug-users
#2
Ehsan Jozaghi, Alissa M Greer, Hugh Lampkin, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, there have been numerous peer-reviewed articles written about people who use drugs (PWUDs) from the Downtown Eastside neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada. While individual researchers have engaged and acknowledged this population as participants and community partners in their work, there has been comparatively little attention given to the role of PWUDs and drug user organizations in directing, influencing, and shaping research agendas. METHODS: In this community-driven research, we examine 20 years of peer-reviewed studies, university theses, books, and reports that have been directed, influenced, and shaped by members of the activist organization the Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users (VANDU)...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743100/cannabis-and-kratom-online-information-in-thailand-facebook-trends-2015-2016
#3
Kanittha Thaikla, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to evaluate the trends in online information about cannabis and kratom on Facebook in Thailand, where there is current discussion regarding legalizing these drugs. METHODS: Between April and November 2015, reviewers searched for cannabis and kratom Facebook pages in the Thai language via the common search engines. Content analysis was performed and the contents of each page were categorized by the tone of the post (positive, negative or neutral)...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743089/reasons-for-betel-quid-chewing-amongst-dependent-and-non-dependent-betel-quid-chewing-adolescents-a-school-based-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Azmina Hussain, Sidra Zaheer, Kashif Shafique
BACKGROUND: Betel quid (BQ) chewing in children is initiated in their adolescence. It is pivotal to understand adolescents' reasons behind chewing BQ. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the reasons for BQ chewing amongst adolescents using reasons for betel quid chewing scale (RBCS) and their associated dependency on it. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional school based survey. Out of 2200 adolescents from 26 schools of Karachi, 874 BQ chewers were assessed for their reasons of BQ chewing and dependency on it...
May 9, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673369/challenges-in-implementing-opioid-agonist-therapy-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study-from-a-user-s-perspective
#5
Ali Ghaddar, Sanaa Khandaqji, Zeinab Abbass
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) has been implemented for the treatment of individuals with opioid use disorders in Lebanon since 2011, but has not been evaluated yet. The aim of the study is to describe the implementation of the first pilot OAT program in Lebanon from the users' perspective. METHODS: Data collectors gathered data from male participants during June 2016-July 2016. Eighty-one out of 94 patients agreed to participate in the study. Data regarding access to treatment, satisfaction with the treatment protocol and treatment outcomes, patient-provider relationship, and misuse and diversion was collected through semi-structured qualitative interviews...
April 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622021/substance-use-and-associated-factors-among-debre-berhan-university-students-central-ethiopia
#6
Tesfay Birhane Gebremariam, Kalayu Birhane Mruts, Tedla Kutaye Neway
BACKGROUND: Being a global burden of youths, substances use is unhealthy behavior that exposes youths to health and social problems. Knowledge of the prevalence and predictors of substance use behavior among university students is important for designing periodic and locally appropriate interventions. This study is conducted to assess the prevalence and predicators of substances among Debre Berhan University students. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative study was employed in May 2016...
April 5, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587814/a-comparative-analysis-of-pharmacists-perspectives-on-codeine-use-and-misuse-a-three-country-survey
#7
Tara Carney, John Wells, Charles D H Parry, Padraig McGuinness, Richard Harris, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: The misuse of codeine is of increasing concern in a number of countries, particularly as this relates to over -the-counter pain and cough relief medication, and is also supplied as a prescription medicine. The study aimed to obtain and analyse the opinions and experience of pharmacy staff with regard to codeine misuse. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey of pharmacy staff's perspectives on this issue was administered through professional or regulatory bodies and completed by samples drawn in South Africa (n = 124), Ireland (n = 464) and the United Kingdom (n = 129)...
March 27, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530066/preventing-sensationalistic-science-and-fake-news-about-substance-use
#8
EDITORIAL
Stephan Arndt, De Shauna Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482597/effects-of-substance-use-disorder-on-treatment-process-and-outcome-in-a-ten-session-psychiatric-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Louise Penzenstadler, Stéphane Kolly, Stéphane Rothen, Yasser Khazaal, Ueli Kramer
BACKGROUND: Dual diagnosis is common in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), one of the most common being Substance Use Disorder (SUD). Previous studies have shown that general psychiatric management (GPM) was effective in reducing borderline symptoms. In the present study, we tested whether the short GPM was as effective in the BPD + SUD as in the BPD group. METHODS: We analysed a group of 99 patients presenting a BPD. 51 of these patients presented a SUD...
February 26, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463287/weaved-into-the-cultural-fabric-a-qualitative-exploration-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-among-tribal-women-in-odisha-india
#10
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Pranab Mahapatra, Devraj Hansdah, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Sandipana Pati
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has documented the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and congenital birth defects. Alcohol consumption is a complex behavior whose origins lay in cultural norms and the social structure. In tribal communities in India, alcohol misuse among women is a public health problem. This study is intended to explore perceptions and beliefs among tribal women and the community towards alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
February 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444687/psychometric-properties-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-social-support-survey-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam-a-validation-study
#11
Long Quynh Khuong, Tuong-Vi Thi Vu, Van-Anh Ngoc Huynh, Truc Thanh Thai
BACKGROUND: Social support plays a crucial role in the treatment and recovery process of patients engaging in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, there is a paucity of research about social support among MMT patients, possibly due to a lack of appropriate measuring tools. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vietnamese version of the Medical Outcomes Study: Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) among MMT patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 300 patients was conducted in a methadone clinic in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
February 14, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433535/crack-cocaine-users-views-regarding-treatment-with-contingency-management-in-brazil
#12
André Q C Miguel, Clarice S Madruga, Viviane Simões, Rodolfo Yamauchi, Claudio J da Silva, Renata R Abdalla, Michael McDonell, Sterling McPherson, John M Roll, Jair J Mari, Ronaldo R Laranjeira
BACKGROUND: Contingency management (CM) has recently shown efficacy in promoting abstinence and retention in treatment among crack cocaine users in Brazil. However, partially because of unawareness and resistance among health care providers, CM has not been widely employed. The objective of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis in order to evaluate how CM participants perceive their treatment experience. METHODS: Twenty-seven crack cocaine users, previously assigned to 12 weeks of CM treatment, were assessed with a structured questionnaire designed to assess their personal opinion of, difficulty in understanding, and acceptance of the CM intervention, as well as their opinion regarding its impact on their treatment responses...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394950/evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-self-reported-measures-of-alcohol-consumption-a-cosmin-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Hannah McKenna, Charlene Treanor, Dermot O'Reilly, Michael Donnelly
PURPOSE: To review studies about the reliability and validity of self-reported alcohol consumption measures among adults, an area which needs updating to reflect current research. METHODS: Databases (PUBMED (1966-present), MEDLINE (1946-present), EMBASE (1947-present), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) (1937-present), PsycINFO (1887-present) and Social Science Citation Index (1976-present)) were searched systematically for studies from inception to 11th August 2017...
February 2, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382376/psychometric-properties-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-and-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-among-iranian-psychiatric-outpatients
#14
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Jamal Shams, Mohamadmahdi Faghihimohamadi, Hanieh Zahiroddin, Mats Hallgren, Hakan Kallmen
BACKGROUND: Iran is a developing and Islamic country where the consumption of alcoholic beverages is banned. However, psychiatric disorders and alcohol use disorders are often co-occurring. We used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use and examined the psychometric properties of the test among psychiatric outpatients in Teheran, Iran. METHODS: AUDIT was completed by 846 consecutive (sequential) patients. Descriptive statistics, internal consistency (Cronbach alpha), confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the prevalence of alcohol use, reliability and construct validity...
January 30, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378623/patient-perspectives-of-transitioning-from-prescription-opioids-to-heroin-and-the-role-of-route-of-administration
#15
Laura B Monico, Shannon Gwin Mitchell
BACKGROUND: As the availability of prescription opioids decreases and the availability of heroin increases, some prescription opioid users are transitioning to heroin. This study seeks to explore factors associated with respondents' transition from prescription opioid use to heroin. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured qualitative interviews (n = 20) were conducted with buprenorphine patients in an opioid treatment program. Respondents were predominantly White (n = 13) and male (n = 13), with a range of treatment tenure (4 days to 2 years)...
January 29, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351757/major-depressive-disorder-and-access-to-health-services-among-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-vancouver-canada
#16
Tara Beaulieu, Lianping Ti, M-J Milloy, Ekaterina Nosova, Evan Wood, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: People who use illicit drugs (PWUD) are commonly diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, little is known about whether PWUD living with MDD experience additional barriers to accessing health services compared to those without MDD. We sought to identify whether MDD symptoms were associated with perceived barriers to accessing health services among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were collected through prospective cohorts of PWUD in Vancouver, Canada between 2005 and 2016...
January 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338751/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-designated-program-on-illegal-drug-cessation-among-adolescents-who-experiment-with-drugs
#17
Chiu-Ching Chang, Jung-Yu Liao, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Chih-Che Chen, Jong-Long Guo
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that adolescent-onset drug users experience a greater likelihood of dependence that continues into adulthood. The importance of early intervention was evident in treating adolescents before their substance use progressed. We examined the effectiveness of an intervention program that prevents students who experiment with drugs from reusing them. METHODS: The study was based on 10 out of 18 invited schools that were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (5 schools, n = 43) or the comparison group (5 schools, n = 41)...
January 16, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321039/strategies-to-control-hiv-and-hcv-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-guangdong-province-china-a-system-dynamic-modeling-study
#18
Xia Zou, Yong Xu, Wen Chen, Yinghua Xia, Yin Liu, Cheng Gong, Li Ling
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) participants remain high. Optimized HIV and HCV prevention strategies for MMT clinics in resource-limited regions are urgently needed. This study aims to develop an MMT system dynamic model (SDM) to compare and optimize HIV and HCV control strategies in the MMT system. METHODS: We developed an MMT-SDM structure based on literature reviews...
January 10, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262838/quality-measurers-of-therapeutic-communities-for-substance-dependence-an-international-collaborative-study-survey-in-latin-america
#19
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Patricia Maldonado, Nelcy Rodríguez, Rafael Ruiz-Gaviria, Miguel Ángel Escalante, Raúl Ángel Gómez, Marcelo Ribeiro de Araujo, Ana Carolina Schmidt de Oliveira, Joel Salvador Chávez Rivera, Jorge Alberto Godínez García, Marina Piazza Ferrand, Dora Blitchtein-Winicki
BACKGROUND: In Latin America, substance related disorders are highly prevalent and one of the treatment strategies is the Therapeutic Communities (TCs), however, in Latin America there is scarce data about this treatment strategies, their quality, drop-out rates and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Based on a previous study in 5 Latin American countries, the TCs who had a score equal or higher than 9 according to the De Leon criteria which are some fundamental items that the TCs should meet, were selected to carry out a descriptive and retrospective study of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the TCs...
December 20, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233177/influences-of-perfectionism-and-motivational-climate-on-attitudes-towards-doping-among-korean-national-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Moonjung Bae, Jungjoong Yoon, Hyunyong Kang, Taegyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The motives for elite athletes to dope are related primarily to maintaining and improving their physical performance. Especially, elite athletes training to compete in the Olympics may feel unique situational pressure, which may in turn induce powerful motivation for doping and predict doping behavior. This study aimed to investigate possible factors associated with attitudes towards doping in Korean national athletes who competed in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. METHODS: A total of 198 athletes (95 female, 103 male) completed the questionnaire, which covered demographic information, doping-related experiences, Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS), Perfectionism in Sports Scale (PSS; coach's criticism, concern over mistakes, and personal standards), and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2; ego-involving and task-involving climates)...
December 12, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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