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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109189/parents-and-peers-normative-influence-on-adolescents-smoking-results-from-a-swiss-italian-sample-of-middle-schools-students
#1
Francesca Scalici, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Adolescents observe and imitate people to whom they are associated in their social context, and the normative factors sent out by reference groups are crucial determinants of their decision to smoke. The aim of the study is to investigate how adolescents' smoking changes when they are exposed to factors of pro-smoking normative influence by parents and peers, and how age moderate this relation. A cross sectional survey collected data from 5657 students, aged between 11 and 14, from public and private middle schools in the Italian region of Switzerland (Ticino) on their smoking habits, perceived parents' and peers' approval and smoking...
January 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107824/implementation-of-methadone-therapy-for-opioid-use-disorder-in-russia-a-modeled-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#2
Bulat Idrisov, Sean M Murphy, Tyler Morrill, Mayada Saadoun, Karsten Lunze, Donald Shepard
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapy using methadone, an effective treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) for people who inject drugs (PWID), is recommended by the World Health Organization as essential to curtail the growing HIV epidemic. Yet, despite increasing prevalence of OUD and HIV, methadone therapy has not yet been implemented in Russia. The aim of this modeling study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of methadone therapy for Russian adults with a diagnosed OUD. METHODS/DESIGN: We modeled the projected program implementation costs and estimated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) averted over a 10-year period, associated with the provision of methadone therapy for a hypothetical, unreplenished cohort of Russian adults with an OUD (n = 249,000), in comparison to the current therapies at existing addiction treatment facilities...
January 20, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100243/combating-substance-misuse-competences-and-preparation-of-special-education-department-students
#3
Eman Al-Zboon
BACKGROUND: This study examines Jordanian special education department students' competences and preparation relating to combating substance misuse (SM). METHOD: Thematic analysis was performed on data from interviews with 150 students. RESULTS: Some participants denied the possibility of addiction among students with disabilities, and presented negative attitudes toward their role in combating SM. In general, the participants displayed low levels of professionalism relating to combating SM, and the results revealed that they felt that their preparation programme had been inadequate and they desired more courses that related to combating SM...
January 14, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086837/systemic-and-individual-factors-in-the-buprenorphine-treatment-seeking-process-a-qualitative-study
#4
Valerie M Hewell, Angel R Vasquez, Inna D Rivkin
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is a significant problem in Alaska. Medication-assisted treatment for opioid use, including buprenorphine, reduces withdrawal symptoms and the harm associated with opioid abuse. Understanding consumers' treatment-seeking process is important for addressing barriers to treatment, facilitating effective service utilization, and informing policy. METHODS: To understand treatment-seeking behavior, we examined the attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge of those who would benefit from the medication-assisted treatment (MAT) buprenorphine...
January 11, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938383/drug-related-celebrity-deaths-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Johannes M Just, Markus Bleckwenn, Rieke Schnakenberg, Philipp Skatulla, Klaus Weckbecker
BACKGROUND: Celebrities are at risk for premature mortality as well as drug-related death. Despite being a vulnerable patient group, celebrities influence people's health behaviours through biological, psychological and social processes. Therefore, celebrity endorsement of the topic could be one way to challenge the current "opioid endemic". Our aim was to better understand the factors surrounding drug-related celebrity deaths by investigating the incidence as well as substances used between 1970 and 2015 using a cross-sectional study design...
December 9, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#6
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894311/access-to-substance-use-treatment-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#7
Elliott J Liebling, Jesse L Yedinak, Traci C Green, Scott E Hadland, Melissa A Clark, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use is a substantial public health problem in the United States, with 1.5 million new initiates annually. Only 746,000 people received treatment for NMPO use in 2013, demonstrating substantial disparities in access to treatment. This study aimed to assess correlates of accessing substance use treatment among young adult NMPO users in Rhode Island, a state heavily impacted by NMPO use and opioid overdose. METHODS: This analysis uses data from a study of 200 Rhode Island residents aged 18 to 29 who reported NMPO use in the past 30 days...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793173/a-narrative-review-of-alcohol-consumption-as-a-risk-factor-for-global-burden-of-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Sameer Imtiaz
Since the original Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA) for alcohol consumption as part of the Global Burden of Disease Study for 1990, there had been regular updates of CRAs for alcohol from the World Health Organization and/or the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. These studies have become more and more refined with respect to establishing causality between dimensions of alcohol consumption and different disease and mortality (cause of death) outcomes, refining risk relations, and improving the methodology for estimating exposure and alcohol-attributable burden...
October 28, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784325/alcohol-consumption-and-accentuated-personality-traits-among-young-adults-in-romania-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Cornelia Rada, Alexandru Teodor Ispas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption (AC) has negative social and economic consequences, affects health, and can create dependence. As dependence is particularly difficult to cure, prevention is important. This study aimed to identify the frequency, quantity, occasions, reasons, type of AC, and correlation with accentuated personality traits among young adults in Romania. METHODS: Participants were 1359 young adults aged 18-30 years (average age, 22.67 years; standard deviation [SD], 3...
October 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724975/national-doping-prevention-guidelines-intent-efficacy-and-lessons-learned-a-4-year-evaluation
#10
Pia-Maria Wippert, Michael Fließer
BACKGROUND: Doping presents a potential health risk for young athletes. Prevention programs are intended to prevent doping by educating athletes about banned substances. However, such programs have their limitations in practice. This led Germany to introduce the National Doping Prevention Plan (NDPP), in hopes of ameliorating the situation among young elite athletes. Two studies examined 1) the degree to which the NDPP led to improved prevention efforts in elite sport schools, and 2) the extent to which newly developed prevention activities of the national anti-doping agency (NADA) based on the NDPP have improved knowledge among young athletes within elite sports schools...
October 10, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663984/comparison-of-illegal-drug-use-pattern-in-taiwan-and-korea-from-2006-to-2014
#11
Ling-Yi Feng, Wen-Jing Yu, Wei-Ting Chang, Eunyoung Han, Heesun Chung, Jih-Heng Li
BACKGROUND: Illegal drug use has long been a global concern. Taiwan and Korea are geographically adjacent and both countries have experienced the illegal use problems of methamphetamine, a predominant prototype of New Psychoactive Substances (NPS). NPS, a term coined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in recent years, have not been scrutinized for their safety and may become a new threat to public health and security worldwide. To conduct evidence-based drug policy, it is imperative to estimate the trend and pattern of illegal drug use...
September 23, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646674/too-much-or-never-enough-a-response-to-treatment-of-opioid-disorders-in-canada-looking-at-the-other-epidemic
#12
EDITORIAL
Joseph K Eibl, Kristen A Morin-Taus, David C Marsh
Prescription opioid (PO) misuse is a major health concern across North America, and it is the primary cause of preventable death for the 18-35 year old demographic. Medication assisted therapy including methadone and buprenorphine, is the standard of care for patients with opioid-dependence. Moreover, both of these medications are recognized as essential medicines by World Health Organization. In Ontario Canada, the availability of medication assisted therapy has expanded substantially, with almost a ten-fold increase number of patients accessing methadone in Ontario in the past decade...
September 20, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451854/auricular-acupuncture-for-substance-use-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-effects-on-anxiety-sleep-drug-use-and-use-of-addiction-treatment-services
#13
Rickard Ahlberg, Kurt Skårberg, Ole Brus, Lars Kjellin
BACKGROUND: A common alternative treatment for substance abuse is auricular acupuncture. The aim of the study was to evaluate the short and long-term effect of auricular acupuncture on anxiety, sleep, drug use and addiction treatment utilization in adults with substance abuse. METHOD: Of the patients included, 280 adults with substance abuse and psychiatric comorbidity, 80 were randomly assigned to auricular acupuncture according to the NADA protocol, 80 to auricular acupuncture according to a local protocol (LP), and 120 to relaxation (controls)...
July 25, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233496/the-relationship-between-housing-subsidies-and-supportive-housing-on-neighborhood-distress-and-housing-satisfaction-does-drug-use-make-a-difference
#14
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Timothy McAuliffe, Chinekwu Obidoa, Katherine Quinn, Margaret Weeks
BACKGROUND: Since the 1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant-based vouchers and certificates. Because housing vouchers allow recipients to move to apartments and neighborhoods of their choice, such programs were designed to improve the ability of poor families to move into neighborhoods with less concentrated poverty. However, little research has examined whether housing voucher recipients live in less distressed neighborhoods than those without housing vouchers...
May 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113448/feasibility-and-patient-satisfaction-with-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-inpatients
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Danielle M Schulte, Megan Duster, Simone Warrack, Susan Valentine, Douglas Jorenby, Daniel Shirley, James Sosman, Sheryl Catz, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Smoking increases hospitalization and healthcare-associated infection. Our primary aim of this pilot, randomized-controlled trial was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a tobacco cessation intervention compared with usual care in inpatients. S. aureus carriage, healthcare-associated infections and infections post discharge were exploratory outcomes. METHODS: Current inpatient smokers from a university hospital facility were randomized to usual care or a face to face tobacco cessation counseling session where patients' tobacco use and strategies for quitting were discussed...
April 26, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083557/prevalence-knowledge-and-attitude-of-prohibited-substances-use-doping-among-saudi-sport-players
#16
M Al Ghobain, M S Konbaz, A Almassad, A Alsultan, M Al Shubaili, O AlShabanh
BACKGROUND: To estimate the lifetime prevalence and address the attitudes and knowledge of using prohibited substances (doping) among sport players in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey carried out using systematic random sampling technique among Saudi players of variable sports attending the sport clubs, stadiums, and sport fields (70 sport clubs, 22 types of sports belong to 22 Saudi sport federations were visted in 18 cities from all regions of Saudi Arabia)...
April 16, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036115/hepatitis-c-testing-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-the-role-of-program-managers-in-adoption-of-testing-services
#17
Jemima A Frimpong, Thomas D'Aunno
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations do not adopt best practices as often or quickly as they merit. This gap in the integration of best practices into routine practice remains a significant public health concern. The role of program managers in the adoption of best practices has seldom been investigated. METHODS: We investigated the association between characteristics of program managers and the adoption of hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing services in opioid treatment programs (OTPs)...
April 1, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952717/treatment-of-prescription-opioid-disorders-in-canada-looking-at-the-other-epidemic
#18
Benedikt Fischer, Paul Kurdyak, Elliot Goldner, Mark Tyndall, Jürgen Rehm
The magnitude and consequences of prescription opioid (PO) misuse and harms (including rising demand for PO disorder treatment) in Canada have been well-documented. Despite a limited evidence-base for PO dependence treatment, opioid maintenance therapy (OMT) - mostly by means of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) - has become the de facto first-line treatment for PO-disorders. For example in the most populous province of Ontario, some 50,000 patients - large proportions of them young adults - are enrolled in MMT, resulting in a MMT-rate that is 3-4 times higher than that of the United States...
March 8, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945991/recruitment-to-doping-and-help-seeking-behavior-of-eight-female-aas-users
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Annica Börjesson, Nina Gårevik, Marja-Liisa Dahl, Anders Rane, Lena Ekström
BACKGROUND: Doping with anabolic androgenic steroids in sports has now developed to a widespread use of these agents among young people outside the sport. This is of major concern to the society. The purpose of the use is mainly for aesthetic reasons and is seen as a male phenomenon. But use also occurs in women where the knowledge is scarce. Our aim was to identify the pattern of doping agents in eight female cases and compare them with similar data from men. METHODS: Eight female users were recruited through Anti-Doping Hot-Line, a national telephone counseling service on doping issues during the years 1998-2004...
March 5, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26916425/factors-associated-with-inability-to-access-addiction-treatment-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-vancouver-canada
#20
Amy Prangnell, Ben Daly-Grafstein, Huiru Dong, Seonaid Nolan, M-J Milloy, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Addiction treatment is an effective strategy used to reduce drug-related harm. In the wake of recent developments in novel addiction treatment modalities, we conducted a longitudinal data analysis to examine factors associated with inability to access addiction treatment among a prospective cohort of persons who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: Data were derived from two prospective cohorts of PWID in Vancouver, Canada, between December 2005 and November 2013...
February 25, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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