journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroscience Bulletin

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717866/mir-30a-positively-regulates-the-inflammatory-response-of-microglia-in-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#1
Xue Fang, Dingya Sun, Zhihong Wang, Zhongwang Yu, Weili Liu, Yingyan Pu, Dan Wang, Aijun Huang, Mingdong Liu, Zhenghua Xiang, Cheng He, Li Cao
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a classical inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Microglia are the main resident immune cells in the CNS and are closely associated with the pathogenesis of MS. In the present study, we found that miR-30a was highly expressed in jellyfish-like microglia in chronic active lesions of MS patients, as well as in the microglia of mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) at the chronic phase. In vitro, the conditioned supernatant of mouse microglia overexpressing miR-30a promoted the apoptosis of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), and inhibited OPC differentiation...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699024/transcriptome-sequencing-reveals-astrocytes-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-heat-stroke
#2
Bing Niu, Tao Zhang, Huaiqiang Hu, Bingzhen Cao
Heat-stroke is a serious form of hyperthermia with high mortality, and can induce severe central nervous system disorders. The neurovascular unit (NVU), which consists of vascular cells, glial cells, and neurons, controls blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and cerebral blood flow, and maintains the proper functioning of neuronal circuits. However, the detailed function of each BBB component in heat-stroke remains unknown. In order to interpret alterations caused by heat stress, we performed transcriptome comparison of neuron and astrocyte primary cultures after heat treatment...
July 11, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695418/csf-based-analysis-for-identification-of-potential-serum-biomarkers-of-neural-tube-defects
#3
Xinyu Yan, Lixin Mai, Changchun Lin, Wenji He, Gengsheng Yin, Jiakang Yu, Lian Huang, Sanqiang Pan
The protein composition of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neural tube defects (NTDs) remains unknown. We investigated the protein composition of CSF from 9 infants with NTDs using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ). We identified 568 proteins in the CSF of infants with spina bifida, which is the most common type of NTD. Among these, 18 proteins were associated with neural tube closure in the CSF during human embryonic neurulation and 5 were involved in NTDs. Based on these results, an animal model was further utilized to investigate early serum biomarkers for NTDs...
July 10, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695417/a-fiber-tractography-study-of-social-emotional-related-fiber-tracts-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Yun Li, Hui Fang, Wenming Zheng, Lu Qian, Yunhua Xiao, Qiaorong Wu, Chen Chang, Chaoyong Xiao, Kangkang Chu, Xiaoyan Ke
The symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been hypothesized to be caused by changes in brain connectivity. From the clinical perspective, the "disconnectivity" hypothesis has been used to explain characteristic impairments in "socio-emotional" function. Therefore, in this study we compared the facial emotional recognition (FER) feature and the integrity of social-emotional-related white-matter tracts between children and adolescents with high-functioning ASD (HFA) and their typically developing (TD) counterparts...
July 10, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667479/combining-human-and-rodent-genetics-to-identify-new-analgesics
#5
REVIEW
Alban Latremoliere, Michael Costigan
Most attempts at rational development of new analgesics have failed, in part because chronic pain involves multiple processes that remain poorly understood. To improve translational success, one strategy is to select novel targets for which there is proof of clinical relevance, either genetically through heritable traits, or pharmacologically. Such an approach by definition yields targets with high clinical validity. The biology of these targets can be elucidated in animal models before returning to the patients with a refined therapeutic...
July 1, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646350/abnormal-rich-club-organization-associated-with-compromised-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-their-unaffected-parents
#6
Xin Zhao, Lin Tian, Jun Yan, Weihua Yue, Hao Yan, Dai Zhang
Schizophrenia is considered to be a disorder of brain connectivity, which might result from a disproportionally impaired rich-club organization. The rich-club is composed of highly interconnected hub regions that play crucial roles in integrating information between different brain regions. Few studies have yet investigated whether the structural rich-club organization is impaired in patients and their first-degree relatives. In this study, we established a weighted network model of white matter connections using diffusion tensor imaging of 19 patients and 39 unaffected parents, 22 young healthy controls for the patients, and 25 old healthy controls for the parents...
June 23, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646349/modeling-pain-using-fmri-from-regions-to-biomarkers
#7
REVIEW
Marianne C Reddan, Tor D Wager
Pain is a subjective and complex phenomenon. Its complexity is related to its heterogeneity: multiple component processes, including sensation, affect, and cognition, contribute to pain experience and reporting. These components are likely to be encoded in distributed brain networks that interact to create pain experience and pain-related decision-making. Therefore, to understand pain, we must identify these networks and build models of these interactions that yield testable predictions about pain-related outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646348/tau-induced-ca-2-calmodulin-dependent-protein-kinase-iv-activation-aggravates-nuclear-tau-hyperphosphorylation
#8
Yu-Ping Wei, Jin-Wang Ye, Xiong Wang, Li-Ping Zhu, Qing-Hua Hu, Qun Wang, Dan Ke, Qing Tian, Jian-Zhi Wang
Hyperphosphorylated tau is the major protein component of neurofibrillary tangles in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanism underlying tau hyperphosphorylation is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated that exogenously expressed wild-type human tau40 was detectable in the phosphorylated form at multiple AD-associated sites in cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions from HEK293 cells. Among these sites, tau phosphorylated at Thr205 and Ser214 was almost exclusively found in the nuclear fraction at the conditions used in the present study...
June 23, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612319/involvement-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-the-cx3cr1-signaling-network-in-mechanical-allodynia-induced-by-tetanic-sciatic-stimulation
#9
Zhe-Chen Wang, Li-Hong Li, Chao Bian, Liu Yang, Ning Lv, Yu-Qiu Zhang
Tetanic stimulation of the sciatic nerve (TSS) triggers long-term potentiation in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and long-lasting pain hypersensitivity. CX3CL1-CX3CR1 signaling is an important pathway in neuronal-microglial activation. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is a key signal transduction molecule that regulates neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain. Here, we set out to determine whether and how NF-κB and CX3CR1 are involved in the mechanism underlying the pathological changes induced by TSS. After unilateral TSS, significant bilateral mechanical allodynia was induced, as assessed by the von Frey test...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612318/somatosensory-neuron-typing-with-high-coverage-single-cell-rna-sequencing-and-functional-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Changlin Li, Sashuang Wang, Yan Chen, Xu Zhang
Different physical and chemical stimuli are detected by the peripheral sensory receptors of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, and the generated inputs are transmitted via afferent fibers into the central nervous system. The gene expression profiles of DRG neurons contribute to the generation, transmission, and regulation of various somatosensory signals. Recently, the single-cell transcriptomes, cell types, and functional annotations of somatosensory neurons have been studied. In this review, we introduce our classification of DRG neurons based on single-cell RNA-sequencing and functional analyses, and discuss the technical approaches...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597341/in-silico-prediction-and-validation-of-gfap-as-an-mir-3099-target-in-mouse-brain
#11
Shahidee Zainal Abidin, Jia-Wen Leong, Marzieh Mahmoudi, Norshariza Nordin, Syahril Abdullah, Pike-See Cheah, King-Hwa Ling
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play crucial roles in the regulation of gene expression and protein synthesis during brain development. MiR-3099 is highly expressed throughout embryogenesis, especially in the developing central nervous system. Moreover, miR-3099 is also expressed at a higher level in differentiating neurons in vitro, suggesting that it is a potential regulator during neuronal cell development. This study aimed to predict the target genes of miR-3099 via in-silico analysis using four independent prediction algorithms (miRDB, miRanda, TargetScan, and DIANA-micro-T-CDS) with emphasis on target genes related to brain development and function...
June 8, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585114/distinct-roles-of-dopamine-receptors-in-the-lateral-thalamus-in-a-rat-model-of-decisional-impulsivity
#12
Zhiyan Wang, Shengxiang Liang, Shuangshuang Yu, Tong Xie, Baicheng Wang, Junkai Wang, Yijing Li, Baoci Shan, Cailian Cui
The thalamus and central dopamine signaling have been shown to play important roles in high-level cognitive processes including impulsivity. However, little is known about the role of dopamine receptors in the thalamus in decisional impulsivity. In the present study, rats were tested using a delay discounting task and divided into three groups: high impulsivity (HI), medium impulsivity (MI), and low impulsivity (LI). Subsequent in vivo voxel-based magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the HI rats displayed a markedly reduced density of gray matter in the lateral thalamus compared with the LI rats...
June 5, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585113/sex-dependent-glial-signaling-in-pathological-pain-distinct-roles-of-spinal-microglia-and-astrocytes
#13
Gang Chen, Xin Luo, M Yawar Qadri, Temugin Berta, Ru-Rong Ji
Increasing evidence suggests that spinal microglia regulate pathological pain in males. In this study, we investigated the effects of several microglial and astroglial modulators on inflammatory and neuropathic pain following intrathecal injection in male and female mice. These modulators were the microglial inhibitors minocycline and ZVEID (a caspase-6 inhibitor) and the astroglial inhibitors L-α-aminoadipate (L-AA, an astroglial toxin) and carbenoxolone (a connexin 43 inhibitor), as well as U0126 (an ERK kinase inhibitor) and D-JNKI-1 (a c-Jun N-terminal kinase inhibitor)...
June 5, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555357/attenuation-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-toxicity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-by-accelerated-aggregation
#14
Aihua Yang, Chenxuan Wang, Baomin Song, Wendi Zhang, Yuanyuan Guo, Rong Yang, Guangjun Nie, Yanlian Yang, Chen Wang
Accumulation and aggregation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides result in neuronal death, leading to cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease. The self-assembled Aβ molecules form various intermediate aggregates including oligomers that are more toxic to neurons than the mature aggregates, including fibrils. Thus, one strategy to alleviate Aβ toxicity is to facilitate the conversion of Aβ intermediates to larger aggregates such as fibrils. In this study, we designed a peptide named A3 that significantly enhanced the formation of amorphous aggregates of Aβ by accelerating the aggregation kinetics...
May 29, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540534/mapping-underlying-maturational-changes-in-human-brain
#15
Lingzhong Fan, Tianzi Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534263/n-acetylaspartylglutamate-inhibits-heroin-self-administration-and-heroin-seeking-behaviors-induced-by-cue-or-priming-in-rats
#16
Huaqiang Zhu, Miaojun Lai, Weisheng Chen, Disen Mei, Fuqiang Zhang, Huifeng Liu, Wenhua Zhou
Activation of presynaptic group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2/3) inhibits drug reward and drug-seeking behavior, but the role of N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG), an agonist of endogenous mGluR2/3, in heroin reward and heroin-seeking behavior remained unclear. Here, we aimed to explore the effects of exogenous NAAG on heroin self-administration and heroin-seeking behavior. First, rats were trained to self-administer heroin under a fixed ratio 1 (FR1) schedule for 10 days, then received NAAG (50 or 100 μg/10 μL in each nostril) in the absence or presence of LY341495 (1 mg/kg, i...
May 22, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534262/inflammatory-changes-in-paravertebral-sympathetic-ganglia-in-two-rat-pain-models
#17
Ai-Ling Li, Jing-Dong Zhang, Wenrui Xie, Judith A Strong, Jun-Ming Zhang
Injury to peripheral nerves can lead to neuropathic pain, along with well-studied effects on sensory neurons, including hyperexcitability, abnormal spontaneous activity, and neuroinflammation in the sensory ganglia. Neuropathic pain can be enhanced by sympathetic activity. Peripheral nerve injury may also damage sympathetic axons or expose them to an inflammatory environment. In this study, we examined the lumbar sympathetic ganglion responses to two rat pain models: ligation of the L5 spinal nerve, and local inflammation of the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which does not involve axotomy...
May 22, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516282/region-specific-iron-measured-by-mri-as-a-biomarker-for-parkinson-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Xiaojun Guan, Xiaojun Xu, Minming Zhang
The identification of sensitive and specific biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD) poses an important clinical challenge. A potential biomarker for early diagnosis and disease monitoring of PD is region-specific iron. Iron accumulation in the substantia nigra pars compacta is considered a main characteristic of PD. However, questions remain, such as the relationship between nigral iron and clinical indices of PD (motor impairment or disease duration). Further, previous studies have suggested the influence of iron on other nuclei...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501905/investigation-of-pain-mechanisms-by-calcium-imaging-approaches
#19
REVIEW
Michael Anderson, Qin Zheng, Xinzhong Dong
Due to the complex circuitry and plethora of cell types involved in somatosensation, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to observe cellular activity at the population level. In addition, since cells rely on an intricate variety of extracellular factors, it is important to strive to maintain the physiological environment. Many electrophysiological techniques require the implementation of artificially-produced physiological environments and it can be difficult to assess the activity of many cells simultaneously...
May 13, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501904/relationship-between-perisylvian-essential-language-sites-and-arcuate-fasciculus-in-the-left-hemisphere-of-healthy-adults
#20
Yu Lin, Kai Zhang, Shuai Li, Song Li, Jingna Jin, Fang Jin, Wen Qin, Long Hai, Meng Zhu, Chunshui Yu, Zhipeng Liu, Tao Yin, Xuejun Yang
Essential language sites and the arcuate fasciculus (AF) have been extensively researched. However, the relationship between them remains insufficiently studied, especially in healthy people. Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is increasingly used in language mapping. While enjoying the advantage of non-invasiveness, it is also capable of inducing a virtual lesion in the brain. Thus, it offers the possibility of using the virtual-lesion method to study the healthy brain. This study combined nTMS and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography to investigate the relationship between essential language sites and the AF in 30 healthy right-handed volunteers...
May 13, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
journal
journal
41164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"