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International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973859/serious-mental-illness-in-heavy-drinkers-is-associated-with-poor-treatment-outcomes-in-outpatients-with-co-occurring-disorders
#1
Oladunni Oluwoye, Emily Leickly, Jordan Skalisky, Sterling McPherson, Katherine Hirchak, Debra Srebnik, John M Roll, Richard K Ries, Michael G McDonell
The objective of this study was to determine whether the interaction between type of serious mental illness (SMI) and pre-treatment drinking severity, assessed by ethyl glucuronide (EtG), predicts EtG-positive urine samples submitted during treatment in outpatients with co-occurring alcohol dependence and SMI. Seventy-nine participants were randomized to treatment-as-usual or treatment-as-usual and contingency management (CM) targeting alcohol abstinence. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the interaction of pre-treatment drinking (heavy drinking or light drinking) and SMI diagnosis (major depression, bipolar, or schizophrenia-spectrum disorders) across a 12-week treatment period...
June 2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755302/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-e-cig-use-impulsive-personality-e-cig-attitudes-and-e-cig-use
#2
Alexandra Hershberger, Miranda Connors, Miji Um, Melissa A Cyders
The current paper applied the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1988) to understand how impulsive personality traits and attitudes concerning e-cig use relate to the likelihood of electronic cigarette (e-cig) use. Seven hundred and fourteen participants (Mean age = 34.04, SD = 10.89, 48.6% female) completed cross-sectional measures of e-cig use attitudes (CEAC) and the Short UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. A structural path analysis suggested that urgency and deficits in conscientiousness were significantly related to e-cig attitudes (CFI = 0...
April 2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632453/criterion-validity-of-self-reports-of-alcohol-cannabis-and-methamphetamine-use-among-young-men-in-cape-town-south-africa
#3
Kodi B Arfer, Mark Tomlinson, Andile Mayekiso, Jason Bantjes, Alastair van Heerden, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Valid measurement of substance use is necessary to evaluate preventive and treatment interventions. Self-report is fast and inexpensive, but its accuracy can be hampered by social desirability bias and imperfect recall. We examined the agreement between self-report of recent use and rapid diagnostic tests for three substances (alcohol, cannabis, and methamphetamine) among 904 young men living in Cape Town, South Africa. Rapid diagnostic tests detected the respective substances in 32%, 52%, and 22% of men. Among those who tested positive, 61% (95% CI [56%, 66%]), 70% ([67%, 74%]), and 48% ([42%, 54%]) admitted use...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556159/prevalence-and-correlates-of-probable-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-female-sex-workers-in-lilongwe-malawi
#4
Sarah A MacLean, Kathryn E Lancaster, Thandie Lungu, Pearson Mmodzi, Mina C Hosseinipour, Brian W Pence, Bradley N Gaynes, Irving F Hoffman, William C Miller
Globally, female sex workers (FSW) experience a high prevalence of mental health disorders, but in sub-Saharan Africa these are rarely identified. If left untreated, mental health disorders may place FSW and their partners at risk for HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We assessed the prevalence and correlates of probable depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation (SI) in a cohort of 200 FSW in Lilongwe, Malawi. FSW completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the PTSD Check List-Civilian Version...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904331/motivation-types-and-mental-health-of-uk-hospitality-workers
#5
Yasuhiro Kotera, Prateek Adhikari, William Van Gordon
The primary purposes of this study were to (i) assess levels of different types of work motivation in a sample of UK hospitality workers and make a cross-cultural comparison with Chinese counterparts and (ii) identify how work motivation and shame-based attitudes towards mental health explain the variance in mental health problems in UK hospitality workers. One hundred three UK hospitality workers completed self-report measures, and correlation and multiple regression analyses were conducted to identify significant relationships...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904330/negative-experiences-of-non-drinking-college-students-in-great-britain-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#6
Lisa Jacobs, Dominic Conroy, Adrian Parke
Research relating to alcohol use amongst university students primarily examines the effects of binge drinking. Researchers rarely focus on a range of drinking styles including light or non-drinking. This study was designed to gain an in-depth understanding of the lived experiences of female, first year UK undergraduates, who do not drink alcohol. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight participants. Narratives were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; by Smith and Osborn (Sage 51-80, 2003)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904329/an-exploratory-study-of-selfitis-and-the-development-of-the-selfitis-behavior-scale
#7
Janarthanan Balakrishnan, Mark D Griffiths
In 2014, stories appeared in national and international media claiming that the condition of "selfitis" (the obsessive taking of selfies) was to be classed as a mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association and that the condition could be borderline, acute, or chronic. However, the stories were a hoax but this did not stop empirical research being carried out into the concept. The present study empirically explored the concept and collected data on the existence of selfitis with respect to the three alleged levels (borderline, acute, and chronic) and developed the Selfitis Behavior Scale (SBS)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904328/assessment-of-the-italian-version-of-the-internet-disorder-scale-ids-15
#8
Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra, Mark D Griffiths, Valeria de Palo
Much research has focused on the validation of psychometric tools assessing Internet addiction. One of the newest measures is the Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) based on the modified IGD criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the IDS-15 by examining the construct and the concurrent and the criterion-related validity and by identifying the taxonomy and the patterns of Internet users...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904327/pregabalin-misuse-and-abuse-in-jordan-a-qualitative-study-of-user-experiences
#9
Amneh Al-Husseini, Mayyada Wazaify, Marie Claire Van Hout
Pregabalin is currently approved for the treatment of epilepsy, generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia. A qualitative study was undertaken in Jordan, where concerns have been raised about its unprescribed availability in community pharmacies and thereby its abuse. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all patients with a history of pregabalin use in two Jordanian addiction treatment centers. All were male patients aged 21-30 years ( n  = 11). The majority was poly-drug abusers and had a previous history of substance abuse (tramadol, Captagon, synthetic cannabinoids, and marijuana) ...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904326/cognitive-dissonance-personalized-feedback-and-online-gambling-behavior-an-exploratory-study-using-objective-tracking-data-and-subjective-self-report
#10
Michael Auer, Mark D Griffiths
Providing personalized feedback about the amount of money that gamblers have actually spent may-in some cases-result in cognitive dissonance due to the mismatch between what gamblers actually spent and what they thought they had spent. In the present study, the participant sample ( N  = 11,829) was drawn from a Norwegian population that had played at least one game for money in the past six months on the Norsk Tipping online gambling website. Players were told that they could retrieve personalized information about the amount of money they had lost over the previous 6-month period...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904325/protection-of-privacy-of-information-rights-among-young-adults-with-developmental-disabilities
#11
Nazilla Khanlou, Anne Mantini, Attia Khan, Katie Degendorfer, Masood Zangeneh
Protection of privacy of information for young adults with developmental disabilities and their families is essential to promote quality of life, well-being, empowerment, and inclusion. Despite this, the young adults' information privacy rights are increasingly at risk. This paper provides a scoping review, applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) approach, of all published peer-reviewed journal articles and gray literature to examine the barriers and facilitators in utilization of legislation that protects the collection, use, disclosure, and access of personal information in Canada...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674947/health-and-social-problems-associated-with-recent-novel-psychoactive-substance-nps-use-amongst-marginalised-nightlife-and-online-users-in-six-european-countries
#12
Marie Claire Van Hout, Annemieke Benschop, Michal Bujalski, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Zsolt Demetrovics, Katalin Felvinczi, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kaló, Gerrit Kamphausen, Dirk Korf, Joana Paula Silva, Łukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Werse
Continued diversification and use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across Europe remains a public health challenge. The study describes health and social consequences of recent NPS use as reported in a survey of marginalised, nightlife and online NPS users in the Netherlands, Hungary, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and Poland ( n  = 3023). Some respondents were unable to categorise NPS they had used. Use of ' herbal blends ' and ' synthetic cannabinoids obtained pure ' was most reported in Germany, Poland and Hungary, and use of ' branded stimulants ' and ' stimulants/empathogens/nootropics obtained pure ' was most reported in the Netherlands...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674946/betting-forex-trading-and-fantasy-gaming-sponsorships-a-responsible-marketing-inquiry-into-the-gamblification-of-english-football
#13
Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez, Mark D Griffiths
Environmental stimuli in the form of marketing inducements to gamble money on sports have increased in recent years. The purpose of the present paper is to tackle the extended definition of the gamblification of sport using sponsorship and partnership deals of gambling, forex trading, and fantasy gaming as a proxy for assessing its environmental impact. Using data about sponsorship deals from English Football Premier League, the paper builds on the evidence of English football's gamblification process to discuss the impact that the volume, penetration, and marketing strategies of sports betting might have on public health and well-being...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670501/psychoactive-substance-use-and-problematic-internet-use-as-predictors-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-victimization
#14
Ágnes Zsila, Gábor Orosz, Orsolya Király, Róbert Urbán, Adrienn Ujhelyi, Éva Jármi, Mark D Griffiths, Zsuzsanna Elekes, Zsolt Demetrovics
Research exploring the relationship between addictions and experiences of bullying suggests that problem behaviors may generally be associated with an increased risk of victimization. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of psychoactive substance use, excessive Internet use, and social support in both traditional offline bullying and online "cyberbullying" victimization in a nationally representative sample of adolescents ( N  = 6237; 51% male; M age  = 16.62 years, SD = 0.95)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670500/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-smartphone-application-based-addiction-scale-sabas
#15
Sándor Csibi, Mark D Griffiths, Brian Cook, Zsolt Demetrovics, Attila Szabo
The goal of the study was to validate the English version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS; Csibi et al. 2016), which is a short and easy-to-use tool for screening the risk of smartphone application-based addiction. Another aim was to identify the most frequently used smartphone applications and their perceived importance by the participants. Data were collected online from 240 English-speaking volunteers, aged 18 to 69 years. The instruments used were the SABAS, the Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q), the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS), the Deprivation Sensation Scale (DSS), and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670499/measurement-invariance-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf-between-australia-the-usa-and-the-uk
#16
Vasileios Stavropoulos, Charlotte Beard, Mark D Griffiths, Tyrone Buleigh, Rapson Gomez, Halley M Pontes
The Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short-Form (IGDS9-SF) is widely used to assess Internet Gaming Disorder behaviors. Investigating cultural limitations and implications in its applicability is imperative. One way to evaluate the cross-cultural feasibility of the measure is through measurement invariance analysis. The present study used Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) to examine the IGDS9-SF measurement invariance across gamers from Australia, the United States of America (USA), and the United Kingdom (UK)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670498/the-case-for-using-personally-relevant-and-emotionally-stimulating-gambling-messages-as-a-gambling-harm-minimisation-strategy
#17
EDITORIAL
Andrew Harris, Adrian Parke, Mark D Griffiths
Emotions typically exert powerful, enduring, and often predictable influences over decision-making. However, emotion-based decision-making is seen as a mediator of impulsive and reckless gambling behaviour, where emotion may be seen as the antithesis of controlled and rational decision-making, a proposition supported by recent neuroimaging evidence. The present paper argues that the same emotional mechanisms can be used to influence a gambler to cease gambling, by focusing their emotional decision-making on positive external and personally relevant factors, such as familial impact or longer term financial factors...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491773/digital-traces-of-behaviour-within-addiction-response-to-griffiths-2017
#18
EDITORIAL
David A Ellis, Linda K Kaye, Thomas D W Wilcockson, Francesca C Ryding
Griffiths' (2017) response to the recent commentary piece by Ryding and Kaye (2017) on "Internet Addiction: A conceptual minefield" provided a useful critique and extension of some key issues. We take this opportunity to further build upon on one of these issues to provide some further insight into how the field of "internet addiction" (IA) or technological addictions more generally, may benefit from capitalising on behavioural data. As such, this response extends Griffiths' (2007) points surrounding the efficacy of behavioural data previously used in studies on problematic gambling, to consider its merit for future research on IA or associated topics such as Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) or "Smartphone addiction"...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491772/conceptual-issues-concerning-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder-further-critique-on-ryding-and-kaye-2017
#19
EDITORIAL
Mark D Griffiths
The recent commentary paper by Ryding and Kaye Journal of Mental Health and Addictio n (doi 10.1007/s11469-017-9811-6, 2017) rightly claimed that "internet addiction" (IA) is a conceptual minefield and raised some important issues for researchers and treatment providers working in the online addiction field. In the present commentary paper, some of the assertions made by Ryding and Kaye are briefly critiqued and extended. More specifically, the present paper (i) examines IA and Internet-based addictions and argues that IA is now a misnomer, (ii) examines IA and its relationship to Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and argues IA and IGD are two completely different constructs, and that IGD is a sub-type of gaming disorder rather than a sub-type of IA, (iii) argues that the time spent engaging in online activities is not a good criterion for assessing online addictions and that the context of use is far more important criterion, and (iv) argues that those researchers working in the IA field can learn a lot from the problem gambling field in collecting robust data...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491771/-internet-addiction-a-conceptual-minefield
#20
EDITORIAL
Francesca C Ryding, Linda K Kaye
With Internet connectivity and technological advancement increasing dramatically in recent years, "Internet addiction" (IA) is emerging as a global concern. However, the use of the term 'addiction' has been considered controversial, with debate surfacing as to whether IA merits classification as a psychiatric disorder as its own entity, or whether IA occurs in relation to specific online activities through manifestation of other underlying disorders. Additionally, the changing landscape of Internet mobility and the contextual variations Internet access can hold has further implications towards its conceptualisation and measurement...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
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