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International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276470/relationship-between-alcohol-use-spirituality-and-coping
#1
Iuliia Churakova, Viktor Burlaka, Thomas Wright Parker
Authors investigated a relationship between the frequency of alcohol consumption, spirituality, and coping with everyday life events in a cross-sectional, community-based sample of 320 adults in Ukraine, the country with one of the highest alcohol consumption levels in the world. Face-to-face interviews with participants took place in rural and urban locations across Eastern, Southern, and Central Ukraine. Results of the ordinary least-squares regression suggest that a higher frequency of alcohol consumption was related with the lower use of positive reappraisal (β = -...
August 2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051714/a-self-report-measure-to-detect-neurocognitive-impairment-among-incarcerated-people-living-with-hiv-in-malaysian-context-an-exploratory-factor-analysis
#2
Roman Shrestha, Damian Weikum, Michael Copenhaver, Frederick L Altice
While neurocognitive impairment (NCI) among people living with HIV (PLWH) who use drugs and its impact on HIV treatment outcomes continue to be widely investigated, there remains a critical gap in NCI assessment among HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUD) in Malaysian context. The present study, therefore, sought to improve the utility of the existing Neuropsychological Impairment Scale (NIS) as a screening tool for assessing NCI by establishing its psychometric properties in the Malaysian context. The NIS is a brief, self-report measure originally designed to assess NCI by having individuals rate a range of items that may influence cognitive functioning...
August 2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761409/psychoactive-substance-use-among-methadone-maintenance-therapy-clients-in-china
#3
Chunqing Lin, Xiaobin Cao, Li Li
A proportion of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) clients in China shifted their substance use habit from opiate to psychoactive substances. The objective of this study was to examine the pattern and associated factors of psychoactive substance use among MMT clients. The study was conducted among 2,448 clients from 68 MMT clinics of China. The type and frequency of psychoactive substance use were self-reported. About 38.1% (N=933) of the participants reported psychoactive substance use in lifetime, and 6...
August 2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249915/the-gambling-establishment-and-the-exercise-of-power-a-commentary-on-hancock-and-smith
#4
EDITORIAL
Jim Orford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798555/emotional-processing-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Laura K Kemmis, Shamil Wanigaratne, Kimberly A Ehntholt
Previous research has shown that individuals with substance use disorder (SUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have emotional processing difficulties. However, no studies have specifically investigated the role of emotional processing in those with co-morbid SUD-PTSD. This study investigated whether there are more emotional processing abnormalities among patients with SUD-PTSD, than those with either a single diagnosis of PTSD or SUD. Emotional processing was assessed in three groups [1) SUD (without PTSD); 2) PTSD (without SUD); and 3) co-morbid SUD-PTSD] using the Emotional Processing Scale (EPS-25) and the International Affective Picture System (IAPS)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798554/development-and-validation-of-videogame-addiction-scale-for-children-vasc
#6
Eyüp Yılmaz, Mark D Griffiths, Adnan Kan
The aim of the present study was to develop a valid and reliable Videogame Addiction Scale for Children (VASC). The data were derived from 780 children who completed the Videogame Addiction Scale (405 girls and 375 boys; 48.1% ranging in age from 9 to 12 years). The sample was randomly split into two different sub-samples (sample 1, n = 400; sample 2, n = 380). Sample 1 was used to perform exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to define the factorial structure of VASC. As a result of EFA, a four-factor structure comprising 21 items was obtained and explained 55% of the total variance (the four factors being "self-control," "reward/reinforcement," "problems," and "involvement")...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798553/exploring-individual-differences-in-online-addictions-the-role-of-identity-and-attachment
#7
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Research examining the development of online addictions has grown greatly over the last decade with many studies suggesting both risk factors and protective factors. In an attempt to integrate the theories of attachment and identity formation, the present study investigated the extent to which identity styles and attachment orientations account for three types of online addiction (i.e., internet addiction, online gaming addiction, and social media addiction). The sample comprised 712 Italian students (381 males and 331 females) recruited from schools and universities who completed an offline self-report questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798552/mental-health-perceptions-and-practices-of-a-cree-community-in-northern-ontario-a-qualitative-study
#8
David Danto, Russ Walsh
This project is a qualitative study of the mental health perceptions and practices of one Aboriginal community in the northern Ontario James and Hudson Bay region. Despite a shared history of trauma and oppression with the other five Cree communities in this area, as well as an added trauma of natural disaster and subsequent relocation, this community has been reported to have markedly lower rates of mental health services utilization and suicide. Interviews with eight community leaders and mental health services providers were conducted and analyzed in order to identify the features that distinguish this community...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596716/cognitive-reactivity-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-persian-version-of-the-leiden-index-of-depression-sensitivity-revised-leids-r-in-an-iranian-sample
#9
Shahla Ostovar, Mariani Binti Md Nor, Mark D Griffiths, Soghra Akbari Chermahini
Cognitive reactivity (CR) to the experimental induction of sad mood has been found to predict relapse in recovered depressed patients. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity Revised (LEIDS-R) is a self-report measure of CR. The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the LEIDS-R. The participants were recovered depressed and non-depressed Iranian individuals (n = 833). The analyses included content validation, factor analysis, construct validity, and reliability testing...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424568/teacher-awareness-and-attitudes-regarding-adolescent-risk-behaviours-a-sample-of-finnish-middle-and-high-school-teachers
#10
Sari Castrén, Caroline E Temcheff, Jeffrey Derevensky, Kim Josefsson, Hannu Alho, Anne H Salonen
Empirical evidence has shown that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated games, despite legislative prohibitions. This study assesses middle and high school teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other potentially high-risk behaviours in Finland. A convenience sample of teachers (N = 157) from 13 provinces participated in the survey. The results suggest that teachers in Finland were more knowledgeable of the age limits of other adolescent high-risk behaviours than the legal age for gambling...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424567/access-barriers-to-services-by-immigrant-mothers-of-children-with-autism-in-canada
#11
Nazilla Khanlou, Nasim Haque, Nida Mustafa, Luz Maria Vazquez, Anne Mantini, Jonathan Weiss
Equal access for autism services remains suboptimal for diverse groups. In Canada, little is known about the barriers immigrant mothers face accessing services and support for their children with developmental disabilities. In this qualitative study, 21 immigrant mothers of children with Autism, from a diverse ethno cultural background, were interviewed in Toronto, Canada. We apply House's (1981) four domains of social support to analyze findings. Structural support challenges, such as delays in diagnosis, fragmented and dispersed services were common, followed by instrumental challenges due to loss of social ties and stigma...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713680/the-influence-of-drinking-motives-on-hookah-use-frequency-among-young-multi-substance-users
#12
Dawn W Foster, Maya R Greene, Nicholas P Allan, Pascal Geldsetzer
PURPOSE: The present work examined the influence of drinking motives on hookah use frequency among individuals reporting both alcohol and hookah use (multi-substance users). Despite growing documentation of cross-substance effects between motives and substance use, limited research has examined these relationships specifically with respect to hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 134 (75.37% female) hookah and alcohol users, aged 18-47 years (M = 22.17, SD = 3...
October 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158250/the-relationship-between-spirituality-and-aggression-in-a-sample-of-men-in-residential-substance-use-treatment
#13
Ryan C Shorey, JoAnna Elmquist, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
There is a robust literature documenting that aggression perpetration is increased among individuals in treatment for substance use. Although aggression decreases with successful substance use treatment, a substantial number of patients continue to engage in aggression following treatment. Thus, continued research is needed on potential protective factors for aggression that could be enhanced during substance use treatment. The current study examined the relationship between spirituality and aggression among men in residential treatment for substance use (N = 398), as many substance use treatment programs employ spirituality-based interventions...
February 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957953/validation-of-the-self-reporting-questionnaire-20-item-srq-20-for-use-in-a-low-and-middle-income-country-emergency-centre-setting
#14
Claire van der Westhuizen, Gail Wyatt, John K Williams, Dan J Stein, Katherine Sorsdahl
Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in emergency centre (EC) patients, yet few brief screening tools have been validated for low- and middle-income country (LMIC) ECs. This study explored the psychometric properties of the SRQ-20 screening tool in South African ECs using the Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as the gold standard comparison tool. Patients (n=200) from two ECs in Cape Town, South Africa were interviewed using the SRQ-20 and the MINI. Internal consistency, screening properties and factorial validity were examined...
February 1, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942256/when-is-a-new-scale-not-a-new-scale-the-case-of-the-bergen-shopping-addiction-scale-and-the-compulsive-online-shopping-scale
#15
EDITORIAL
Mark D Griffiths, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Robert M Bilder, Torbjørn Torsheim, Elias Aboujaoude
Manchiraju et al. (International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-15, 2016) published the Compulsive Online Shopping Scale (COSS) in the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction (IJMHA). To develop their measure of compulsive online shopping, Manchiraju and colleagues adapted items from the seven-item Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale (BSAS) and its' original 28-item item pool. Manchiraju et al. did not add or remove any of the original seven items, and did not substantially change the content of any of the 28 items on which the BSAS was based...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942255/validation-of-the-portuguese-dsm-iv-mr-j
#16
Filipa Calado, Joana Alexandre, Mark D Griffiths
Youth problem gambling is viewed as an emergent public health issue in many countries, and is also an emerging area of public concern in Portugal. However, there is currently no Portuguese instrument that focuses specifically on the measurement of problem gambling among young people. Consequently, the present study aimed to validate the DSM-IV-MR-J for use among Portuguese adolescents and to examine its' psychometric properties. A cross-cultural adaption of this instrument to the Portuguese language was performed using the translation and back translation method...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942254/group-treatment-for-women-gamblers-using-web-teleconference-and-workbook-effectiveness-pilot
#17
Roberta R Boughton, Farah Jindani, Nigel E Turner
While the past decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of women who gamble and develop consequent problems, treatment services are being underutilized in Ontario. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using web- and phone-based group interventions to expand services available for women who might not otherwise seek or be able to access treatment. Distinct treatment considerations for working with women, such as the value of a women's group, advantages of phone counselling, and the implementation of modern web-based services, were reviewed...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942253/lived-time-disturbances-of-drug-addiction-therapy-newcomers-a-qualitative-field-phenomenology-case-study-at-monar-markot-center-in-poland
#18
Marcin Moskalewicz
The aim of this study was to qualitatively assess the disturbances of lived time in individuals with multiple drug dependencies. The research was conducted at Monar-Markot Center for Humanitarian Aid in Roznowice (Poland) in 2014 through direct, non-disguised observational study in a therapeutic community setting. Overall, 10 clients with multiple drug dependencies forming a newcomers group participated in. They previously abstained from usage for negligible periods of time. The measurements included participant observation of collective time regimes at the center; group discussions; written accounts by clients; Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory; semi-structured interviews...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688740/the-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-the-treatment-of-mental-illness-and-addiction
#19
Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon
Consistent with its growing popularity amongst the general public and medical community, throughout recent decades there have been increasing attempts to understand the mechanisms that underlie therapeutic improvement in individuals receiving mindfulness training. The current paper draws upon findings from various remits of scientific enquiry and summarises key evidence-based mechanisms of mindfulness that have been proposed in the academic literature to date. Empirical findings indicate that mindfulness targets biological, psychological, social, and spiritual psychopathology determinants...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688739/prevalence-and-predictors-of-video-game-addiction-a-study-based-on-a-national-representative-sample-of-gamers
#20
Charlotte Thoresen Wittek, Turi Reiten Finserås, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Daniel Hanss, Mark D Griffiths, Helge Molde
Video gaming has become a popular leisure activity in many parts of the world, and an increasing number of empirical studies examine the small minority that appears to develop problems as a result of excessive gaming. This study investigated prevalence rates and predictors of video game addiction in a sample of gamers, randomly selected from the National Population Registry of Norway (N = 3389). Results showed there were 1.4 % addicted gamers, 7.3 % problem gamers, 3.9 % engaged gamers, and 87.4 % normal gamers...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
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