Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

Shahla Ostovar, Mariani Binti Md Nor, Mark D Griffiths, Soghra Akbari Chermahini
Cognitive reactivity (CR) to the experimental induction of sad mood has been found to predict relapse in recovered depressed patients. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity Revised (LEIDS-R) is a self-report measure of CR. The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the LEIDS-R. The participants were recovered depressed and non-depressed Iranian individuals (n = 833). The analyses included content validation, factor analysis, construct validity, and reliability testing...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Sari Castrén, Caroline E Temcheff, Jeffrey Derevensky, Kim Josefsson, Hannu Alho, Anne H Salonen
Empirical evidence has shown that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated games, despite legislative prohibitions. This study assesses middle and high school teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other potentially high-risk behaviours in Finland. A convenience sample of teachers (N = 157) from 13 provinces participated in the survey. The results suggest that teachers in Finland were more knowledgeable of the age limits of other adolescent high-risk behaviours than the legal age for gambling...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Nazilla Khanlou, Nasim Haque, Nida Mustafa, Luz Maria Vazquez, Anne Mantini, Jonathan Weiss
Equal access for autism services remains suboptimal for diverse groups. In Canada, little is known about the barriers immigrant mothers face accessing services and support for their children with developmental disabilities. In this qualitative study, 21 immigrant mothers of children with Autism, from a diverse ethno cultural background, were interviewed in Toronto, Canada. We apply House's (1981) four domains of social support to analyze findings. Structural support challenges, such as delays in diagnosis, fragmented and dispersed services were common, followed by instrumental challenges due to loss of social ties and stigma...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Dawn W Foster, Maya R Greene, Nicholas P Allan, Pascal Geldsetzer
PURPOSE: The present work examined the influence of drinking motives on hookah use frequency among individuals reporting both alcohol and hookah use (multi-substance users). Despite growing documentation of cross-substance effects between motives and substance use, limited research has examined these relationships specifically with respect to hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 134 (75.37% female) hookah and alcohol users, aged 18-47 years (M = 22.17, SD = 3...
October 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Ryan C Shorey, JoAnna Elmquist, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
There is a robust literature documenting that aggression perpetration is increased among individuals in treatment for substance use. Although aggression decreases with successful substance use treatment, a substantial number of patients continue to engage in aggression following treatment. Thus, continued research is needed on potential protective factors for aggression that could be enhanced during substance use treatment. The current study examined the relationship between spirituality and aggression among men in residential treatment for substance use (N = 398), as many substance use treatment programs employ spirituality-based interventions...
February 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Claire van der Westhuizen, Gail Wyatt, John K Williams, Dan J Stein, Katherine Sorsdahl
Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in emergency centre (EC) patients, yet few brief screening tools have been validated for low- and middle-income country (LMIC) ECs. This study explored the psychometric properties of the SRQ-20 screening tool in South African ECs using the Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as the gold standard comparison tool. Patients (n=200) from two ECs in Cape Town, South Africa were interviewed using the SRQ-20 and the MINI. Internal consistency, screening properties and factorial validity were examined...
February 1, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Mark D Griffiths, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Robert M Bilder, Torbjørn Torsheim, Elias Aboujaoude
Manchiraju et al. (International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-15, 2016) published the Compulsive Online Shopping Scale (COSS) in the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction (IJMHA). To develop their measure of compulsive online shopping, Manchiraju and colleagues adapted items from the seven-item Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale (BSAS) and its' original 28-item item pool. Manchiraju et al. did not add or remove any of the original seven items, and did not substantially change the content of any of the 28 items on which the BSAS was based...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Filipa Calado, Joana Alexandre, Mark D Griffiths
Youth problem gambling is viewed as an emergent public health issue in many countries, and is also an emerging area of public concern in Portugal. However, there is currently no Portuguese instrument that focuses specifically on the measurement of problem gambling among young people. Consequently, the present study aimed to validate the DSM-IV-MR-J for use among Portuguese adolescents and to examine its' psychometric properties. A cross-cultural adaption of this instrument to the Portuguese language was performed using the translation and back translation method...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Roberta R Boughton, Farah Jindani, Nigel E Turner
While the past decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of women who gamble and develop consequent problems, treatment services are being underutilized in Ontario. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using web- and phone-based group interventions to expand services available for women who might not otherwise seek or be able to access treatment. Distinct treatment considerations for working with women, such as the value of a women's group, advantages of phone counselling, and the implementation of modern web-based services, were reviewed...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Marcin Moskalewicz
The aim of this study was to qualitatively assess the disturbances of lived time in individuals with multiple drug dependencies. The research was conducted at Monar-Markot Center for Humanitarian Aid in Roznowice (Poland) in 2014 through direct, non-disguised observational study in a therapeutic community setting. Overall, 10 clients with multiple drug dependencies forming a newcomers group participated in. They previously abstained from usage for negligible periods of time. The measurements included participant observation of collective time regimes at the center; group discussions; written accounts by clients; Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory; semi-structured interviews...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon
Consistent with its growing popularity amongst the general public and medical community, throughout recent decades there have been increasing attempts to understand the mechanisms that underlie therapeutic improvement in individuals receiving mindfulness training. The current paper draws upon findings from various remits of scientific enquiry and summarises key evidence-based mechanisms of mindfulness that have been proposed in the academic literature to date. Empirical findings indicate that mindfulness targets biological, psychological, social, and spiritual psychopathology determinants...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Charlotte Thoresen Wittek, Turi Reiten Finserås, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Daniel Hanss, Mark D Griffiths, Helge Molde
Video gaming has become a popular leisure activity in many parts of the world, and an increasing number of empirical studies examine the small minority that appears to develop problems as a result of excessive gaming. This study investigated prevalence rates and predictors of video game addiction in a sample of gamers, randomly selected from the National Population Registry of Norway (N = 3389). Results showed there were 1.4 % addicted gamers, 7.3 % problem gamers, 3.9 % engaged gamers, and 87.4 % normal gamers...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Mark Kraus, Nicholas Lintzeris, Christoph Maier, Seddon Savage
The global consumption of opioids continues to rise, which has led to an increasing rate of diversion, misuse, addiction, and deaths related to prescription opioids. This has been particularly well documented in the USA; however, opioid analgesic dependence (OAD) is an increasing concern in Europe. More guidance is required for European healthcare professionals in the prevention, detection, treatment and management of OAD. The first Opioid Analgesic Dependence Education Nexus (OPEN) Mentor Meeting was held in Berlin in September 2014 to address this...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Fiona V Rossen, Terryann Clark, Simon J Denny, Theresa M Fleming, Roshini Peiris-John, Elizabeth Robinson, Mathijs F G Lucassen
This study sought to determine the prevalence of gambling and unhealthy gambling behaviour and describe risk and protective factors associated with these behaviours amongst a nationally representative sample of New Zealand secondary school students (n = 8,500). Factor analysis and item response theory were used to develop a model to provide a measure of 'unhealthy gambling'. Logistic regressions and multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate associations between unhealthy gambling behaviour and selected outcomes...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Adam Rzetelny, Barbara Zeller, Nicholas Miller, Kathy Egan City, Kenneth L Kirsh, Steven D Passik
We conducted a psychotherapeutic examination of the use of definitive drug testing (liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry) in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUD). Employing a generic qualitative method (Caelli et al. in International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(2), 2003; Merriam, 2009) we asked SUD counselors to provide narratives about cases where drug testing had revealed new or unexpected information about clients' drug-taking behaviors. Semi-structured interviews with 12 SUD counselors were conducted by phone and analyzed for themes derived from the literature...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Linda M Kronenberg, Peter J J Goossens, Jooske T van Busschbach, Theo van Achterberg, Wim van den Brink
OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare caregiver burden and expressed emotion (EE) in adult substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To examine possible differences in correlations between caregiver burden and EE across patient groups. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with measures of perceived burden (Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire: IEQ), subjective stress (General Health Questionnaire: GHQ) and perceptions of expressed emotion (Level of Expressed Emotion: LEE) in informal caregivers for patients with SUD, SUD+ADHD or SUD+ASD...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Paul Sacco, Charlotte Lyn Bright, Hyun-Jin Jun, Laura M Stapleton
Throughout adolescence, alcohol consumption and aggressive behaviors are associated with multiple problematic outcomes. Few studies have examined neighborhood-level predictors and individual and family-level sociodemographic variables to describe longitudinal trajectories of these problem behaviors. Therefore, this study investigated the unique contributions of neighborhood and sociodemographic factors in the shared development of aggressive behaviors and drinking in adolescents. We analyzed alcohol consumption frequency and frequency of aggressive behaviors using parallel process latent growth curve models with demographic indicators and neighborhood constructs as predictors...
October 1, 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Dennis P Watson, Angela L Rollins
The current study seeks to understand the concept of recovery from the perspectives of consumers and staff living and working in a supportive housing model designed to serve those with co-occurring disorder. Interview and focus group data were collected from consumers and staff from four housing programs. Data analyzed using an approach that combined case study and grounded theory methodologies demonstrate that: consumers' and staff members' views of recovery were highly compatible and resistant to abstinence-based definitions of recovery; recovery is personal; stability is a foundation for recovery; recovery is a process; and the recovery process is not linear...
October 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Alex Ramsey
The past decade has witnessed revolutionary changes to the delivery of health services, ushered in to a great extent by the introduction of electronic health record systems. More recently, a new class of technological advancements-technology-based behavioral health interventions, which involve the delivery of evidence-informed practices via computers, web-based applications, mobile phones, wearable sensors, or other technological platforms-has emerged and is primed to once again radically shift current models for behavioral healthcare...
August 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Bronwyn Myers, Hendrée E Jones, Irene A Doherty, Tracy L Kline, Mary E Key, Kim Johnson, Wendee M Wechsberg
A cross-sectional survey of 298 pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa was conducted to examine socio-demographic, reproductive health, mental health, and relationship correlates of lifetime trauma exposure and whether these correlates vary as a function of age. Overall, 19.8% of participants reported trauma exposure. We found similarities and differences in correlates of trauma exposure among women in emerging adulthood and older women. Prior termination of pregnancy was associated with trauma exposure in both age groups...
June 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"