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International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

Dawn W Foster, Maya R Greene, Nicholas P Allan, Pascal Geldsetzer
PURPOSE: The present work examined the influence of drinking motives on hookah use frequency among individuals reporting both alcohol and hookah use (multi-substance users). Despite growing documentation of cross-substance effects between motives and substance use, limited research has examined these relationships specifically with respect to hookah use. METHODS: Participants were 134 (75.37% female) hookah and alcohol users, aged 18-47 years (M = 22.17, SD = 3...
October 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Ryan C Shorey, JoAnna Elmquist, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
There is a robust literature documenting that aggression perpetration is increased among individuals in treatment for substance use. Although aggression decreases with successful substance use treatment, a substantial number of patients continue to engage in aggression following treatment. Thus, continued research is needed on potential protective factors for aggression that could be enhanced during substance use treatment. The current study examined the relationship between spirituality and aggression among men in residential treatment for substance use (N = 398), as many substance use treatment programs employ spirituality-based interventions...
February 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Claire van der Westhuizen, Gail Wyatt, John K Williams, Dan J Stein, Katherine Sorsdahl
Common mental disorders are highly prevalent in emergency centre (EC) patients, yet few brief screening tools have been validated for low- and middle-income country (LMIC) ECs. This study explored the psychometric properties of the SRQ-20 screening tool in South African ECs using the Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as the gold standard comparison tool. Patients (n=200) from two ECs in Cape Town, South Africa were interviewed using the SRQ-20 and the MINI. Internal consistency, screening properties and factorial validity were examined...
February 1, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon
Consistent with its growing popularity amongst the general public and medical community, throughout recent decades there have been increasing attempts to understand the mechanisms that underlie therapeutic improvement in individuals receiving mindfulness training. The current paper draws upon findings from various remits of scientific enquiry and summarises key evidence-based mechanisms of mindfulness that have been proposed in the academic literature to date. Empirical findings indicate that mindfulness targets biological, psychological, social, and spiritual psychopathology determinants...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Charlotte Thoresen Wittek, Turi Reiten Finserås, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Daniel Hanss, Mark D Griffiths, Helge Molde
Video gaming has become a popular leisure activity in many parts of the world, and an increasing number of empirical studies examine the small minority that appears to develop problems as a result of excessive gaming. This study investigated prevalence rates and predictors of video game addiction in a sample of gamers, randomly selected from the National Population Registry of Norway (N = 3389). Results showed there were 1.4 % addicted gamers, 7.3 % problem gamers, 3.9 % engaged gamers, and 87.4 % normal gamers...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Mark Kraus, Nicholas Lintzeris, Christoph Maier, Seddon Savage
The global consumption of opioids continues to rise, which has led to an increasing rate of diversion, misuse, addiction, and deaths related to prescription opioids. This has been particularly well documented in the USA; however, opioid analgesic dependence (OAD) is an increasing concern in Europe. More guidance is required for European healthcare professionals in the prevention, detection, treatment and management of OAD. The first Opioid Analgesic Dependence Education Nexus (OPEN) Mentor Meeting was held in Berlin in September 2014 to address this...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Fiona V Rossen, Terryann Clark, Simon J Denny, Theresa M Fleming, Roshini Peiris-John, Elizabeth Robinson, Mathijs F G Lucassen
This study sought to determine the prevalence of gambling and unhealthy gambling behaviour and describe risk and protective factors associated with these behaviours amongst a nationally representative sample of New Zealand secondary school students (n = 8,500). Factor analysis and item response theory were used to develop a model to provide a measure of 'unhealthy gambling'. Logistic regressions and multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate associations between unhealthy gambling behaviour and selected outcomes...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Adam Rzetelny, Barbara Zeller, Nicholas Miller, Kathy Egan City, Kenneth L Kirsh, Steven D Passik
We conducted a psychotherapeutic examination of the use of definitive drug testing (liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry) in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUD). Employing a generic qualitative method (Caelli et al. in International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(2), 2003; Merriam, 2009) we asked SUD counselors to provide narratives about cases where drug testing had revealed new or unexpected information about clients' drug-taking behaviors. Semi-structured interviews with 12 SUD counselors were conducted by phone and analyzed for themes derived from the literature...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Linda M Kronenberg, Peter J J Goossens, Jooske T van Busschbach, Theo van Achterberg, Wim van den Brink
OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare caregiver burden and expressed emotion (EE) in adult substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To examine possible differences in correlations between caregiver burden and EE across patient groups. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with measures of perceived burden (Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire: IEQ), subjective stress (General Health Questionnaire: GHQ) and perceptions of expressed emotion (Level of Expressed Emotion: LEE) in informal caregivers for patients with SUD, SUD+ADHD or SUD+ASD...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Paul Sacco, Charlotte Lyn Bright, Hyun-Jin Jun, Laura M Stapleton
Throughout adolescence, alcohol consumption and aggressive behaviors are associated with multiple problematic outcomes. Few studies have examined neighborhood-level predictors and individual and family-level sociodemographic variables to describe longitudinal trajectories of these problem behaviors. Therefore, this study investigated the unique contributions of neighborhood and sociodemographic factors in the shared development of aggressive behaviors and drinking in adolescents. We analyzed alcohol consumption frequency and frequency of aggressive behaviors using parallel process latent growth curve models with demographic indicators and neighborhood constructs as predictors...
October 1, 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Dennis P Watson, Angela L Rollins
The current study seeks to understand the concept of recovery from the perspectives of consumers and staff living and working in a supportive housing model designed to serve those with co-occurring disorder. Interview and focus group data were collected from consumers and staff from four housing programs. Data analyzed using an approach that combined case study and grounded theory methodologies demonstrate that: consumers' and staff members' views of recovery were highly compatible and resistant to abstinence-based definitions of recovery; recovery is personal; stability is a foundation for recovery; recovery is a process; and the recovery process is not linear...
October 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Alex Ramsey
The past decade has witnessed revolutionary changes to the delivery of health services, ushered in to a great extent by the introduction of electronic health record systems. More recently, a new class of technological advancements-technology-based behavioral health interventions, which involve the delivery of evidence-informed practices via computers, web-based applications, mobile phones, wearable sensors, or other technological platforms-has emerged and is primed to once again radically shift current models for behavioral healthcare...
August 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Bronwyn Myers, Hendrée E Jones, Irene A Doherty, Tracy L Kline, Mary E Key, Kim Johnson, Wendee M Wechsberg
A cross-sectional survey of 298 pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa was conducted to examine socio-demographic, reproductive health, mental health, and relationship correlates of lifetime trauma exposure and whether these correlates vary as a function of age. Overall, 19.8% of participants reported trauma exposure. We found similarities and differences in correlates of trauma exposure among women in emerging adulthood and older women. Prior termination of pregnancy was associated with trauma exposure in both age groups...
June 2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Kevin Harrigan, Dan Brown, Vance MacLaren
Electronic Bingo games have recently appeared in Ontario Charitable Gaming Centres. Here we summarize the characteristics of this novel form of electronic gambling, and give a detailed characterization of one game. We contend that these games have structural characteristics that make them similar to modern Electronic Gaming Machines (EGMs) that feature multiline slots games. These features include a fast and continuous gaming experience, with player adjustable win size and reinforcement rate, a high frequency of losses disguised as wins, and highly salient near misses...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
David C Hodgins, Alice Holub
This study examined the structure of impulsivity within gambling disorder. A group of 51 men and 53 women with gambling disorder completed self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity. Principal component analyses found two factors. The first was interpreted as measuring trait impulsivity. This factor correlated with problem gambling severity, presence of comorbid mental health and substance use disorders, history of brain injury, and was higher in Aboriginal participants. The second factor had high loadings on the self-reported sensation-seeking scales and the behavioural measures of response impulsivity...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Nazilla Khanlou, Nida Mustafa, Luz Maria Vazquez, Nasim Haque, Karen Yoshida
This narrative review examines research on the experiences of immigrant fathers raising children with developmental disabilities, and considers the findings within the Canadian context. Applying Green, Johnson & Adams' (Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 5(3), 101-117, 2006) methodology, a step-by-step process was followed to conduct the review. Four databases (PsychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL and Sociological Abstracts) were used for the search. A total of 39 articles were found to be relevant after applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Waclaw Bak
The paper is devoted to the therapeutic applications of theories and research concerning self-regulation issues. The key concept here is possible selves, defined as an element of self-knowledge that refers to what a person perceives as potentially possible. The main idea of using knowledge about possible selves in psychotherapy is based on their functions as standards in self-regulatory processes. The problem of the changeability of possible selves and self-standards is analyzed in the context of their role in behavior change...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Siavash Jafari, Ronald Joe, Danielle Elliot, Ashnoor Nagji, Sargent Hayden, David C Marsh
Deep tissue infection is a serious sequela that often demands intravenous (IV) antibiotic treatment. With respect to IV drug users (IDU's), research and lived experience demonstrates a trend of failed treatment outcomes, most notably associated with leaving hospital against medical advice (LAMA) prior to treatment completion, increased adverse outcomes and patient hardship. This paper examines an alternative model for delivering and completing IV antibiotic treatment to IDU's in a community care setting. A retrospective study was designed to review client characteristics...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Dawn W Foster, Nelson Yeung, Michelle C Quist
This study evaluated the interactive association between individualism and drinking identity predicting alcohol use and problems. Seven hundred and ten undergraduates (Mean age =22.84, SD = 5.31, 83.1% female) completed study materials. We expected that drinking identity and individualism would positively correlate with drinking variables. We further expected that individualism would moderate the association between drinking identity and drinking such that the relationship between drinking identity and alcohol outcomes would be positively associated, particularly among those high in individualism...
December 2014: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Dawn W Foster, Chelsie M Young, Mai-Ly Steers, Michelle C Quist, Jennifer L Bryan, Clayton Neighbors
This study evaluates associations between coping drinking motives (CDM; drinking to regulate negative affect), depressive symptoms, and drinking behavior and extends the literature by also taking into account gender differences. Two hundred forty-three college students (Mean age = 22.93, SD = 6.29, 82% female) participated. Based on previous research, we expected that CDM would be positively associated with drinking and problems, particularly among those higher in depressive symptoms, as individuals experiencing higher levels of negative affect (i...
December 2014: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
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