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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

Anne-Marie Moreau, Fatima Hennous, Basma Dabbagh, Beatriz Ferraz Dos Santos
This study aimed to assess the oral health status of refugee children in comparison with that of Canadian children. In addition, we investigated the extent to which demographic factors are associated with caries experience in this population. Children with a confirmed refugee status and Canadian children (control group) matched for age and sex composed the study population. A comprehensive review of dental charts was completed to assess children's demographic data, caries experience, oral hygiene and gingival health status...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Josephine C Agu, Yun Hee-Jeon, Amie Steel, Jon Adams
Ethnic minority populations have been identified as high users of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM). This paper reports the systematic review of TCAM use amongst ethnic minorities. A comprehensive literature search was conducted in Ovid, PubMed and CINAHL. Included studies were original, peer-reviewed, English language articles with the primary focus on TCAM use amongst ethnic minority populations. A total of 17 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jeff Moore
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing volume of research on Irish migrants to the UK, limited scientific data exists on the main effects of social support on the health of this community. METHODS: A sample of Irish migrants in London was purposefully recruited (n = 790). Linear regression was used to predict social support. Logistic regression examined the independent association between functional social support and self-rated health (SRH) controlling for low risk covariates...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Anna S Conway, Anna Esteve, Manuel Fernández-Quevedo, Jordi Casabona
This study using the Catalan PISCIS cohort explores risk factors of migrants' late presentation and the impact of late presentation on their health outcomes. We analyse 9590 new HIV diagnoses enrolled in the cohort between 2004 and 2016. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models are used to identify risk factors associated with late presentation among migrants, giving crude and adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. Cox regression models are estimated to identify risk factors associated with AIDS/death, and crude and adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals are reported...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Samantha Abbato, Ristan Greer, Jennifer Ryan, Petra Vayne-Bossert, Phillip Good
The provision of professional interpreting services (PIS) in the hospital setting can decrease clinically significant communication errors and improve clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in length of stay (LOS) and 30 day readmission rates associated with provision of PIS in the Emergency Department (ED) and inpatient wards. A retrospective audit at a tertiary referral adult hospital in Brisbane, Australia, identified all admissions of patients requiring an interpreter...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jerome Koleski, Sommer Aldulaimi, Elizabeth Moran
To quantify the number of Border Crossers seen at our hospitals, broken down by diagnoses and age. We used our electronic medical record to identify the number of patients in custody of the United States Border Patrol who were seen at Banner-University: South and University Campuses during the calendar year 2016. 734 patients were identified, and the electronic medical record was used to identify the primary diagnosis and age for each one. We then manually categorized them into groups of common diagnoses. We also compared the number of border crosser emergency department (ED) visits to overall ED visits...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians (SA) living in the U.S. due to a lack of race specific data. A cross-sectional quantitative study of 535 SA adult women living in the U.S. was conducted to better understand the relationship between childhood exposure to violence and health behaviors in adulthood. Measures included socio-demographics, exposure to violence as a child via witnessing parental violence, and experience of childhood violence, adult IPV, suicide ideation and attempt, and body esteem and subjective well-being in adulthood...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Dexia Kong, Mengting Li, Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Jinjiao Wang, Benjamin C Sun, Xinqi Dong
Older adults visit emergency departments (EDs) at a disproportionally higher rate than other age groups. Prior studies examining racial disparities in ED utilization focus on African Americans and Hispanics. There is a dearth of information on ED utilization patterns among older Asian Americans despite the evidence that ED expenditures in Asian Americans are comparable to that of Caucasians. To address this knowledge gap, we examined factors associated with ED service utilization in the largest Asian subgroup, U...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Miao Li, Sarah Mustillo, Weidong Wang
Discrimination promotes sedentary behavior and obesity among Western adults. The obesogenic impact of discrimination has yet been examined in developing countries. Participants were 1755 seventh grade rural-to-urban migrant students in the first three waves (2013-2016) of China Education Panel Survey-Junior High Cohort. Latent growth curve models evaluated associations of perceived origin-based discrimination with intercepts and slopes for BMI and screen use trajectories over a 3-year period. Most migrant students came from families of low socioeconomic status...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Cindy C Sangalang, David Becerra, Felicia M Mitchell, Stephanie Lechuga-Peña, Kristina Lopez, Isok Kim
Numerous studies describe mental health effects of pre-migration trauma and post-resettlement stress among refugees, yet less research examines these associations with non-refugee immigrants. Additionally, few studies assess the prevalence and impact of traumatic experiences after settlement in a new country. Using a U.S.-based representative sample of Asian (n = 1637) and Latino (n = 1620) refugees and immigrants, we investigated how traumatic events prior to and after migration, and post-migration stressors, are associated with mental illness and distress...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Susan L Ivey, Hyunju Kim, Eugenia Yoo, Nhayoung Hwang, Denny D Cha, June Lee, Winston Tseng
Korean Americans (KA) face a significant burden of health disparities. However, limited data are available on their health needs. This health needs assessment includes a community-based sample of 342 KA from the San Francisco Bay Area. The assessment investigated participants' sociodemographic characteristics, health status, and their healthcare needs. Nearly half of the survey participants rated their health as fair or poor, > 30% did not have a usual place for healthcare, and chronic conditions were prevalent...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Irán Barrera, Vrinda Sharma, Yumiko Aratani
The original version of this article unfortunately published without acknowledgement section. The complete funding information is given below.
September 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kafuli Agbemenu, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu
This study examined maternal and reproductive health (MRH) access of Somali refugees in the U.S. across four access dimensions (willingness to seek care, gaining entry to the health system, seeing a primary provider and seeing a specialist). We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 427 Somali refugee reproductive-age women in Franklin County, Ohio. Following descriptive statistics of demographics, we conducted multivariate analyses to test associations between demographics and the four access dimensions. Most Somali refugee women were married (68%), attained primary education (92%), employed (64%) and were circumcised (82%)...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ariel Yeheskel, Shail Rawal
Individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP) face barriers to safe and high-quality health care. 'Patient-experience' is increasingly viewed as an important component of health care quality. However, the impact of language proficiency on 'patient-experience' is not well-described. This scoping review mapped the literature on the patient experience of individuals with LEP. We reviewed sixty qualitative and mixed-methods studies from EMBASE and MEDLINE published between 2007 and 2017. We identified four major themes: (1) Communication, language barriers, and health literacy, (2) Relationships with health care professionals, (3) Discrimination and intersection with other dimensions of identity, and (4) Cultural safety...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Bernarda Espinoza-Castro, Luis E Vásquez Rueda, Rossana V Mendoza Lopez, Katja Radon
About 84,710 Latin American migrants currently live in Germany. Knowledge about their work situation in relation to their skill level and its association with mental health is limited. Therefore, the aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of working below skill level and its association with the prevalence of distress in Latin Americans living in Germany. This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 282 Latin American migrants living in Germany. Participants were recruited by a short online (Facebook, personal contacts) or interview-based questionnaire from November 2015 to April 2016...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jennifer Kawi, Andrew Thomas Reyes, Rogelio A Arenas
Asians immigrants (AIs) are one of the fastest growing racial groups in many countries globally. Despite pain prevalence, studies on chronic pain management among AIs is limited in the literature. An integrative review was conducted exploring the current state of science on chronic pain management among AIs. Several databases were used to identify related articles and 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. Two major themes emerged: (a) self-management, pertaining to how AIs take responsibility for their pain, and (b) resilience, their adaptive behaviors indicating low levels of pain-related dysfunction and burden despite chronic pain severity...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Tania J Bosqui, Anne Kouvonen, Yoshito Kawabata
Psychological distress and mental illness has been found to be elevated in migrant groups living in sovereign countries, as well as for indigenous people living under colonial or administrative rule. The north Pacific island of Guam is unusual in its ethnic composition as it has no majority ethnic group, has a large indigenous population and remains a territory of the U.S. This study aimed to identify ethnic differences in self-reported psychological distress between the main ethnic groups on Guam. The study uses a cross sectional design with data linkage methodology, drawing on the Guam Census and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System health survey for Guam...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Isha Choudhary, Ranit Mishori, Soyun Kim
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is common across the globe and seen in high income countries that host migrants from high prevalence countries. Management of FGM/C in the host countries can be complicated due its often conflicting social, cultural, ethical, legal, and medical dynamics. Health profession organizations often create policy and position statements that set the tone and direction for the organization and describe desired methods, behaviors and actions applicable to the entire organization and its members...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Amira Elsayed, Ndidiamaka N Amutah-Onukagha, Laurie Navin, Lisa Gittens-Williams, Teresa Janevic
Little is known about pregnancy outcomes of black immigrant women to the US. We surveyed 447 black women post-partum in two hospitals in Newark, NJ. Length of gestation was obtained from medical records. Covariates and information on immigration were collected by in-person interview. Risks ratios for preterm birth (< 37 weeks) comparing immigrant to US-born women were calculated using log-binomial regression. Associations with gestational age at delivery were estimated using linear regression. Multivariable models adjusted for socioeconomic and social/behavioral variables...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
M Margaret Weigel, Rodrigo X Armijos
Household food insecurity (HFI) has been linked to poorer cardiometabolic health and reduced health care access but few studies have examined these issues in the large Mexican immigrant population living on the U.S.-Mexico border. This exploratory study examined the association of HFI with cardiometabolic conditions and health care in 40-84 year urban border immigrants (n = 75). Data were collected on HFI, self-reported and clinical cardiometabolic conditions, health care sources and use. HFI affected 45% of participants...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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