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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

July Lee, Marianne McKennett, Xavier Rodriguez, Sunny Smith
The purpose of this project was to design, implement, and assess a recurring interdisciplinary community health fair in an underserved border town. University of California San Diego (UCSD) medical and pharmacy students, under faculty supervision, worked alongside community partners in Calexico, California to implement a health fair two miles from the U.S.-Mexico border. Demographic and screening data were described from 293 participants from 2014 to 2016. Over 90% (269/293) listed Mexico as their country of birth, 82...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jennifer E Swanberg, Helen M Nichols, Jessica M Clouser, Pietra Check, Lori Edwards, Ashley M Bush, Yancy Padilla, Gail Betz
We systematically reviewed the literature to describe how community health workers (CHWs) are involved in occupational health and safety research and to identify areas for future research and research practice strategies. We searched five electronic databases from July 2015 through July 2016. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) study took place in the United States, (2) published as a full peer-review manuscript in English, (3) conducted occupational health and safety research, and (4) CHWs were involved in the research...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Karen Nieves-Lugo, Andrew Barnett, Veronica Pinho, Carol Reisen, Paul Poppen, Maria Cecilia Zea
We examined motivations for migration to the United States (US) among 482 Brazilian, Colombian, and Dominican men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants' most common reason for migration was to improve their financial situation (49%), followed by sexual migration in order to affirm their sexual orientation (40%). Fewer endorsed sexual migration motivated by avoiding persecution due to being gay (13%). We conducted further analyses among 276 participants who migrated after age 15 and were HIV-negative at the time of migration...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Richard C Cervantes, Karina A Gattamorta, Jodi Berger-Cardoso
Little is known about the specific behavioral health impact of acculturation stressors that affect Hispanic/Latino immigrant sub-groups. These immigration-related stressors and traumatic events may have differential impact on depression depending on country/region of origin. Using a measure of immigration and acculturation stress, the current study sought to determine differences in the impact of stress on six sub-groups of Hispanic immigrants. Data on stress and depression were examined using a large, representative adult immigrant sample (N = 641)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Samta P Pandya
This article reports on a pre- and post-test experimental study with 4504 refugees in 38 camps across nine destination countries. The aim was to examine the role of spirituality and a specially designed spiritual education programme in promoting mental health of refugees. A pre- and post-test experimental design has been used with three scales to examine the outcome measures: (1) the trauma screening questionnaire (2) life orientation test-revised and (3) mental health inventory-38. Results showed that compared with pre-test scores, the average post-test scores of the refugees on the trauma questionnaire were lower, and higher on optimism measure, and mental health inventory...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Margrethe F Horlyck-Romanovsky, Katarzyna Wyka, Sandra E Echeverria, May May Leung, Melissa Fuster, Terry T-K Huang
Research is limited on the health of foreign-born Blacks (FBBs), who are often grouped with African Americans. This study compared obesity and diabetes odds in FBBs and US-born Blacks (USBBs) in NYC. Analyzing the 2009-2013 NYC Community Health Survey (3701 FBBs and 6297 USBBs), weighted multivariate logistic regression examined odds of obesity and diabetes, adjusting for age, gender, education, income, marital status, children < 18, BMI (for diabetes only) and duration of residence. FBBs had lower odds of obesity [OR  0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jafar Bakhshaie, Andrew H Rogers, Nubia A Mayorga, Joseph Ditre, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Ana C Ruiz, Andres G Viana, Monica Garza, Chad Lemaire, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Daniel Bogiaizian, Michael J Zvolensky
The present study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) in the relation between perceived racial discrimination and pain-related problems among Latinos seeking health services at a Federally Qualified Health Center. Participants included 145 adult Latinos (87.80% female, Mage = 38.07 years, SD = 11.98, and 96.2% reported Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that perceived racial discrimination was indirectly related to the pain intensity and pain disability through AS...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Erin McComb, Vivian Ramsden, Olufemi Olatunbosun, Hazel Williams-Roberts
Vaccination is a key strategy to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. Lower uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among new immigrants and refugees has been documented, although exploration of underlying reasons remains an understudied area. Semi-structured interviews with eleven immigrant women (ages 18-26 years) were conducted to understand their knowledge, attitudes and barriers regarding HPV vaccination in a western Canadian province. Participants had limited knowledge about HPV and the vaccine...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alana M W LeBrón, Michael Spencer, Edith Kieffer, Brandy Sinco, Gloria Palmisano
Discrimination is associated with adverse health outcomes, but few studies have examined the association of discrimination with diabetes-related outcomes including mental health and glycemic control, particularly for immigrant and US-born Latinos. We analyzed survey data (n = 222) collected at baseline of a diabetes intervention. Using multiple linear regression, we examined the association of racial/ethnic discrimination with depressive symptoms, diabetes-related distress, and HbA1c, and variation in these associations by nativity and, for immigrants, length of US residence...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Theresa H M Kim, Sukhleen Deol, Monica Lee, Hala Tamim
Physical aggression (PA) is important to regulate as early as the preschool years in order to ensure healthy development of children. This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of PA in children of immigrant and non-immigrant mothers. Secondary data analysis was conducted using the nationwide 2010 Survey for Young Canadians, limited to children 4-9 years of age. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed, with the outcome, PA, and covariates including maternal, child, household and neighbourhood characteristics...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Majid Meshkini, Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri, Cyril Mamotte, Jaya Dantas
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Stacy Lee Lockerbie, Tanvir C Turin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Paula Tiittala, Pia Kivelä, Kirsi Liitsola, Jukka Ollgren, Sini Pasanen, Tuula Vasankari, Matti Ristola
Migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV in many European countries, including Finland. We aimed to compare the HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of young asylum seekers to those of the general young adult population. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among 20- to 25-year-old young adults: The TIE study among asylum seekers (n = 47) and the World AIDS Day 2014 study among the general population (n = 485). Important gaps in HIV KAP were identified especially among the young asylum seekers...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Kiren Mitruka, Clelia Pezzi, Brittney Baack, Heather Burke, Jennifer Cochran, Jasmine Matheson, Kailey Urban, Marisa Ramos, Kathy Byrd
Many U.S.-bound refugees originate from countries with intermediate or high hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prevalence and have risk for severe liver disease. We evaluated HBV screening and vaccination of newly arrived refugees in four states to identify program improvement opportunities. Data on HBV testing at domestic health assessments (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) were abstracted from state refugee health surveillance systems. Logistic regression identified correlates of infection. Over 95% of adults aged ≥19 years (N = 24,647) and 50% of children (N = 12,249) were tested...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Thora Wesenberg Kjaer, Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen, Rosalinda Medrano, Deena Elwan, Kala Mehta, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Janet M Wojcicki
Childhood obesity is increasing especially in Latinos and early intervention is essential to prevent later obesity complications. Latino children (n = 201) recruited at two San Francisco hospitals were assessed at birth including infant anthropometrics and feeding practices and followed to age 9 with annual anthropometric assessments. We evaluated the relationship between perinatal risk factors and obesity at age 9 and chronic obesity (obesity at both 5 and 9 years). Higher birthweight [odds ratio (OR) 2...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jumin Park, Young Dae Kwon, Hyunchun Park, Shi Eun Yu, Jin-Won Noh
The number of young North Korean refugees (NKRs) entering South Korea to escape famine and poverty and improve their quality of life is drastically increasing. The aims of this study were to identify and compare health promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLBs) of young NKRs, compared to South Koreans, and to investigate influencing factors related to HPLBs in young NKRs. Data were obtained from 150 NKRs residing in South Korea and 161 South Koreans. Respondents provided their psychological status (depression, stress, and life satisfaction) and HPLBs...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Bart Hammig, Jean Henry, Donna Davis
We examined health insurance coverage among U.S. and Mexican/Central American (M/CA) born labor workers living in the U.S. Using data from the 2010-2015 National Health Interview Survey, we employed logistic regression models to examine health insurance coverage and covariates among U.S. and M/CA born labor workers. Prevalence ratios between U.S. and M/CA born workers were also obtained. U.S. born workers had double the prevalence of insurance coverage. Regarding private insurance coverage, U.S. born workers had a higher prevalence of coverage compared to their M/CA born counterparts...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alma Vega, Thalia Porteny, Emma Aguila
Immigrants are ineligible for federally-funded Medicaid in the U.S. until at least 5 years after arrival. There is little information on where they receive care in light of this restriction. Using Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition, this study examines whether the setting in which older recent immigrants receive care (i.e., health clinic, emergency room or doctor's office) explains delays in care. Among older adults with a usual source of care, 13.5% of recent immigrants had not seen a health professional in the past year compared to 8...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Cirila Estela Vasquez Guzman, Gabriel R Sanchez
We investigate the Hispanic paradox by examining the relationship between acculturation and health status of Latinos to understand nuances among this growing heterogeneous population using a 2011 Latino Decisions survey. We find that acculturation remains an important determinant of Latino health; however, this varies based on whether the sample is restricted to immigrants or includes all Latino adults and on the measures of acculturation employed. We find Latino citizens reported better health than non-citizens; however, other acculturation measures, such as language use and time in the U...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Hanna B Demeke, Anna S Johnson, Baohua Wu, Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike, Hope King, Hazel D Dean
Despite improvements in its treatment, HIV infection continues to affect Blacks disproportionally. Using National HIV Surveillance System data from 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, we examined demographic and epidemiologic differences between U.S.-born and non-U.S.-born Black adults. Of 110,452 Black adults reported with diagnosed HIV during 2008-2014 with complete country of birth information, 11.1% were non-U.S.-born. Non-U.S.-born were more likely to be older, female, have HIV infection attributed to heterosexual contact, have been diagnosed late, and live in the northeastern U...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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