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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808807/sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-health-conditions-of-dominican-adults-living-in-puerto-rico
#1
Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Katherine L Tucker, Josiemer Mattei
Dominicans are the largest migrant community in Puerto Rico, yet understudied. We compared risk factors and health conditions of Dominicans versus Puerto Ricans (PRs). Cross-sectional survey of Dominicans (n = 55) and PRs (n = 310) aged 30-75 years, assessed with validated questionnaires and standardized anthropometric measurements. Significantly, more Dominicans than PRs had attained <8th grade education (37.7 vs. 8.0%), reported household income ≤$10,000 (76.1 vs. 56.9%), lacked health insurance (19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795374/erratum-to-socio-demographic-moderators-of-associations-between-psychological-factors-and-latinas-breast-cancer-screening-behaviors
#2
L G Perez, J P Elder, J Haughton, M E Martinez, E M Arredondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#3
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786021/ethnic-discrimination-and-smoking-related-outcomes-among-former-and-current-arab-male-smokers-in-israel-the-buffering-effects-of-social-support
#4
Amira Osman, Nihaya Daoud, James F Thrasher, Bethany A Bell, Katrina M Walsemann
We examined the relationship between two forms of ethnic discrimination-interpersonal and institutional-and smoking outcomes among Arab men in Israel, and whether social support buffered these associations. We used cross-sectional data of adult Arab men, current or former smokers (n = 954). Mixed-effects regression models estimated the association between discrimination and smoking status, and nicotine dependence among current smokers. Interpersonal discrimination was associated with higher likelihood of being a current smoker compared to a former smoker, whereas institutional group discrimination was not...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762078/depression-and-its-correlates-among-brazilian-immigrants-in-massachusetts-usa
#5
Felippe Lazar-Neto, Andressa C Sposato Louzada, Ricardo Faé de Moura, Fernando Morelli Calixto, Marcia C Castro
The goal of this paper is to assess the frequency of depression symptoms among Brazilian immigrants living in Massachusetts, the second largest Brazilian immigrant population in the United States, and to identify correlates of depression. A convenience sample of Brazilian immigrants aged 18 or older residing in Massachusetts was used. Data were collected from December 2013 to March 2014, in the Consulate General of Brazil in Boston and in three religious events, using a structure questionnaire and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752364/socio-demographic-moderators-of-associations-between-psychological-factors-and-latinas-breast-cancer-screening-behaviors
#6
L G Perez, J P Elder, J Haughton, M E Martinez, E M Arredondo
This study tested whether socio-demographic factors moderated associations between psychological factors and Latinas' breast cancer screening behaviors. 222 churchgoing Latinas (40-65 years) in San Diego, CA completed surveys assessing socio-demographics (e.g., income and acculturation), psychological factors (e.g., perceived barriers to screening), and cancer screening behaviors. Multilevel models examined associations of socio-demographic and psychological factors (and their interactions) with adherence to annual mammography or clinical breast exam (CBE) screening...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748300/psychological-distress-of-ethnically-diverse-adult-caregivers-in-the-california-health-interview-survey
#7
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Liu, Thuc-Nhi Nguyen, Ladson Hinton, Daniel Tancredi
This study examined factors associated with psychological distress for culturally diverse family caregivers using a population-based sample. Data were analyzed from the 6634 caregivers of adults (i.e. elderly as well as non-elderly) who self-reported as non-Hispanic White, Mexican, Chinese, or Vietnamese in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. Simple and multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the potential influence of race/ethnicity, caregiving context, and social contextual variables on psychological distress...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748299/acculturation-strategies-and-symptoms-of-depression-the-mediators-of-atherosclerosis-in-south-asians-living-in-america-masala-study
#8
Belinda L Needham, Bhramar Mukherjee, Pramita Bagchi, Catherine Kim, Arnab Mukherjea, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
Using latent class analysis, we previously identified three acculturation strategies employed by South Asian immigrants in the US. Members of the Separation class showed a preference for South Asian culture over US culture, while members of the Assimilation class showed a preference for US culture, and those in the Integration class showed a similar preference for South Asian and US cultures. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between these acculturation strategies and symptoms of depression, a common yet underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorder...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#9
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735454/the-individual-and-organizational-role-of-physicians-in-mitigating-the-biological-psychological-and-social-health-consequences-of-displacement
#10
LETTER
Timothy S H Kwok, David S Sands
The number of Internally Displaced People is growing globally with a significant number travelling to countries such as Canada. These individuals have unique health care needs that are significantly impacted by several social determinants of health, which provides a challenge to the physician as they must address the biological, psychological and social factors in order to effectively improve the health of this population. The physician must work at the individual, national, and international levels and collaborate with other health care workers in order to effectively address these complex health care issues...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735453/comparing-oral-health-services-use-in-the-spanish-and-immigrant-working-population
#11
Natalia Muñoz-Pino, Carmen Vives-Cases, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Elena Ronda-Pérez
We aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011-2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26-2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733936/an-examination-of-the-association-of-multiple-acculturation-measures-with-asthma-status-among-elementary-school-students-in-el-paso-texas
#12
Mónica Siañez, Linda Highfield, Héctor Balcazar, Timothy Collins, Sara Grineski
Some researchers posit that the lower prevalence of asthma among those of Mexican descent may result from an under-diagnosis and recommend a critical appraisal of factors related to race/ethnicity, like acculturation, and its influence on asthma status. Survey data were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression to examine the association of child's asthma status (no wheezing/no asthma symptoms, possible undiagnosed and diagnosed asthma) with measures of acculturation among Hispanic students (n = 1095)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730398/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-resettled-in-an-italian-catchment-area
#13
Michela Nosè, Giulia Turrini, Maria Imoli, Francesca Ballette, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Francesca Cucchi, Chiara Padoan, Mirella Ruggeri, Corrado Barbui
In recent years there has been a progressive rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees displaced from their country of origin, with significant social, economic, humanitarian and public health implications. The aim of this study is to describe the frequency and correlates of psychological distress and psychiatric disorders in asylum seekers and refugees resettled in an Italian catchment area. In the catchment area of Verona, all male asylum seekers and refugees aged 18 or above included in the Italian protection system for asylum seekers and refugees during a period of 1 year were screened for psychological distress and psychiatric disorders using validated questionnaires...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730397/-people-give-opinions-but-the-decision-belongs-to-the-patient-examining-cancer-treatment-decisions-among-latinos-as-in-central-florida
#14
Iraida V Carrion, Frances R Nedjat-Haiem, Tania Estapé, Lucia Franco-Estrada
Latinos/as, the fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States, experience high cancer rates. Factors contributing to treatment decisions among Latinos diagnosed with cancer must be studied. This paper aims to identify treatment decisions among Latinos with cancer and examine factors influencing these decisions. A qualitative exploratory study using semi-structured interviews of 60 Latino/as diagnosed with cancer was conducted. Close-ended responses were analyzed using percentages and frequency distributions, while open-ended responses were analyzed using open coding and thematic categorization...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#15
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#16
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698971/living-with-diabetes-personal-interviews-with-pakistani-women-in-norway
#17
Walaa Abuelmagd, Helle Håkonsen, Khadijah Qurrat-Ul-Ain Mahmood, Najmeh Taghizadeh, Else-Lydia Toverud
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Pakistani women in Norway is remarkably high. This study aims to assess how they live with the disease and their response to lifestyle and medical information. 120 Pakistani women living in Norway (mean age: 55.7 years) were personally interviewed about their T2D using a structured questionnaire (response rate: 95%). The participants were first-generation immigrants (mean residence time: 28.7 years) of whom 27% were illiterates. Poor health was reported by one-third, and 71% had developed macrovascular comorbidities...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685243/emotional-distress-medical-utilization-and-disability-claims-in-adult-refugees
#18
Peter Cronkright, Christina D Lupone
The refugee health screener-15 (RHS-15) is utilized as a diagnostic proxy for common mental disorders in refugees. Studies are needed to determine its clinical and social utility. A retrospective chart analysis of adult refugees compared RHS-15 scores to utilization of medical services and presence of disability claims. Refugees with negative, positive, and highly positive RHS-15 scores attended 3.1, 4.4, and 5.7 mean primary care visits and 1.6, 2.8, and 4.4 mean non-primary care visits, respectively (p < ...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681307/anxiety-sensitivity-and-age-roles-in-understanding-subjective-social-status-among-low-income-adult-latinos-in-primary-care
#19
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Kara Manning, Chad Lemaire, Lorraine R Reitzel, Lia J Smith, Melissa Ochoa-Perez
One social determinant of health construct that is reliably related to health disparities among the Latino population is subjective social status, reflecting subjective ratings of social standing. Yet, little research has explored factors that may undergird variability in subjective social status among this population or in general. Accordingly, the present investigation examined one possible etiological model wherein age moderates the relation between individual differences in anxiety sensitivity (fear of the negative consequences of stress sensations) and subjective social status among a Latino primary care sample...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674951/the-impact-of-refugee-mothers-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-on-their-children-s-adjustment
#20
Patricia L East, Sheila Gahagan, Wael K Al-Delaimy
The mechanisms linking refugee parents' trauma onto their children's functioning are not well understood. The current study sought to identify how Somali refugee mothers' past trauma and current mental health impact their children's psychosocial adjustment. One hundred and ninety-eight Somali mothers (M age = 39 years) and their children (M age = 10 years; 56% male) were studied. On average, mothers spent 7 years in refugee camps, experienced significant trauma, and some had been tortured. Measures of mothers' posttraumatic stress and depression were analyzed as three symptom clusters: volatility/panic, withdrawn/detached, and depressed mood...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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