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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Patrizia Lemma
Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected in 2013-2014, first- and second-generation immigrants aged 11, 13 and 15 years were classified according to their ethnic background as being from Western countries, Eastern European countries, or from non-Western/non-European countries...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Michin Hong, Eun-Hye Yi, Kimberly J Johnson, Margaret E Adamek
Growing evidence suggests a low engagement in advance care planning (ACP) among ethnic minorities in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to synthesize findings from prior research about ACP among ethnic minorities. An extensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases. After applying inclusion criteria, 26 studies were included. Four categories of facilitators and barriers to ACP were identified: (1) Socio-demographic factors, (2) health status, literacy and experiences, (3) cultural values, and (4) spirituality...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ahmed Ismaeel, Suzy Weems, Megan McClendon, Flor Elisa Morales
The prevalence of obesity is higher among Hispanic children than among all other ethnicities, and recent efforts have been focused on addressing this growing disparity. The objective of this review was to examine the evidence for interventions designed to reduce obesity in Hispanic children in the first 1000 days of life and to assess and summarize the effectiveness of the interventions. A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Scopus, and PubMed. Included in the review were published studies that evaluated an intervention designed to prevent or reduce obesity in Hispanic children in the first 1000 days of life...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Julia Lechuga, Carol L Galletly, Michelle R Broaddus, Julia B Dickson-Gomez, Laura R Glasman, Timothy L McAuliffe, Miriam Y Vega, Sarah LeGrand, Carla A Mena, Morgan L Barlow, Erik Valera, Judith I Montenegro
To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Paola Calvasina, Denise Gastaldo, Carlos Quiñonez, Carles Muntaner
Acculturation has been widely used in health research to explain oral health disparities between immigrants and their native born counterparts. However, immigrants' oral health studies have not clearly defined the acculturation construct. Also, a narrow focus on cultural oral health behaviours is likely to be inadequate for explaining immigrants' oral health inequities, which are also rooted in societal, political and economic factors produced across the globe. In this brief report, we discuss the use of the acculturation framework in the dental public health literature, note gaps in this approach, and argue for the need to incorporate the political economy lens to help better understand the complexities of immigrants' oral health...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Khaleeq Lutfi, Mary Jo Trepka, Kristopher P Fennie, Gladys Ibañez, Hugh Gladwin
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) disproportionately impact non-Hispanic blacks. Racial residential segregation has been associated with negative socioeconomic outcomes. We sought to examine the association between segregation and STI diagnosis among blacks. The National Survey of Family Growth and US Census served as data sources. Five distinct dimensions represent segregation. The association between STI diagnosis and each segregation dimension was assessed with multilevel logistic regression modeling...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sasha A McGee, Luz Claudio
Nativity is not often considered in the study of health disparities. We conducted a cross-sectional, parent-reported survey of demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, healthcare access, and health conditions in New York City schoolchildren (n = 9029). US-born children with US-born parents (US/US) had higher socioeconomic status, better access to healthcare, and reported higher rates of disease diagnoses compared to US-born children with immigrant parents and to immigrant children. Dental cavities were the only condition in which US/US children reported lower prevalence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Debbie C Hocking
The influence of psychosocial factors on the subjective wellbeing of asylum-seekers residing in host Western countries has scarcely been explored qualitatively. Qualitative data derived from a mixed methods prospective study investigated the subjective wellbeing of 56 community-dwelling asylum-seekers and refugees at baseline and an average of 15.7 months later. Positive and negative experiences over time were explored in relation to self-perceived emotional health. Nineteen positive and 15 negative categories of experience emerged...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sophia Colombari Figueroa, Randall S Stafford, Catherine A Heaney, Lisa G Rosas
Evidence of whether behavioral weight-loss interventions reduce depressive symptoms among Latino immigrants is limited. The effect of a behavioral weight-loss intervention on depressive symptoms was assessed using data from a clinical trial among Latino immigrants. Participants were randomized to a usual care (UC) control (n = 41), case management (CM) alone (n = 84), or CM with community health worker support (CM+CHW) (n = 82). Generalized estimating equation models were used to compare the impact of each intervention with UC...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Yong Ju Cho, Yuri Jang, Jung Eun Ko, Sun Hae Lee, Soo Kyung Moon
Globally, there have been increasing numbers of migrant women; these women are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among acculturation, acculturative stress and depressive symptoms in Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea through marriages. We hypothesized that acculturative stress would serve as a mediator in the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Our findings from surveys with 217 Vietnamese immigrant women showed that the indirect effect of acculturation on depressive symptoms, mediated through acculturative stress [- ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Joanne C Sandberg, Sara A Quandt, Alan Graham, Trine Stub, Dana C Mora, Thomas A Arcury
Mexican immigrants have a rich history of traditional healers. This analysis describes the conditions for which Mexican immigrants seek treatment from sobadores, and delineates factors that influence seeking treatment from a sobador or a biomedical doctor. This systematic qualitative analysis uses interview data collected with 24 adult Mexican immigrants to North Carolina who had been treated by a sobador in the previous 2 years. Immigrants are engaged in medical pluralism, seeking care from sobadores and biomedical doctors based on the complaint and patient's age...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jennifer Leng, Ponni Peruluswami, Sehrish Bari, Sunanda Gaur, Farshid Radparvar, Faruque Parvez, Yu Chen, Cristina Flores, Francesca Gany
This paper presents the results of the literature review conducted for the working group topic on inflammation, infection, exposure, and the human microbiome. Infection and chronic inflammation can elevate risk for cardiovascular disease and cancer. Environmental exposures common among South Asian (SA) subgroups, such as arsenic exposure among Bangladeshis and particulate matter air pollution among taxi drivers, also pose risks. This review explores the effects of exposure to arsenic and particulate matter, as well as other infections common among SAs, including human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B/C infection...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
A W Taylor, E Dal Grande, P Fateh-Moghadam, A Montgomerie, L Battisti, H Barrie, C Kourbelis, S Campostrini
Italian-born migrants (post-WWII) are the largest non-English-speaking background migrant group in South Australia. A cross-sectional, inter-country comparison using independent samples (40-69 years of age) from two (one in Australia, one in Italy) similar risk factor and chronic disease surveillance systems. None of the three groups (Italians, Australian-born and Italian-born Australians) had definitively worse health although the Italians had high rates for four of the seven risk factors reported (current high blood pressure, current high cholesterol, current smoking, eating less than five fruit and/or vegetables per day) than Australian-born and Italian-born Australians...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah Miner, Dianne V Liebel, Mary H Wilde, Jennifer K Carroll, Sadiya Omar
Many studies have identified the vulnerability of ethnic elders, and there is promising evidence indicating home health care (HHC) services can improve the health outcomes of Somali older adults. This study used a community-engaged qualitative descriptive approach with the participation of non-profit organization Refugees Helping Refugees. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe Somali older adults' and their families' perceptions of and experiences with HHC services in order to improve its use and access...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Aynur Uysal Toraman, Nilufer Yildirim
The objective of this study was to examine knowledge about cervical cancer risk factors and practices of Pap testing among female Turkish immigrants in the state of Florida in the United States of America (USA). This descriptive study was conducted between April and September 2012. The study sampling was consist of 156 Turkish women living in the state of Florida. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among the population of Turkish immigrant women. On the survey form comprised of a total of 37 questions and three sections there are questions pertaining to the socio-demographic characteristics of the individuals, their knowledge on the cervical cancer risk factors and their approach to getting Pap smear tests...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Velda J González-Mercado, Leorey N Saligan, Ming Ji, Maureen Groer, Elsa Pedro, Susan McMillan
The knowledge base of cancer-related symptoms is increasing; yet, limited attention has been given to provide evidence on differences in the perception of cancer symptoms between ethnic groups, especially in the Hispanic Puerto Rican (PR) population. To examine whether there are significant differences in the severity, distress, interference, and frequency of cancer symptoms between island Hispanic PR and mainland non-Hispanic whites. In this secondary data analysis, data from 109 Hispanic PR was matched by age, gender and cancer diagnosis with data from non-Hispanic whites...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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