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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074306/second-and-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-attitudes-and-protective-practices-results-from-a-survey-of-hispanic-residents-in-multi-unit-housing
#1
Angelica Delgado-Rendon, Tess Boley Cruz, Daniel Soto, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
Secondhand and third hand smoke (SHS, THS) exposure is prevalent in multi-unit housing (MUH). Minorities and low-income MUH residents are disproportionally exposed to SHS and THS compared to other populations. This study describes the characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to SHS, THS and marijuana smoke exposure (MSHS) of a sample of Hispanic tenants in randomly selected MUH units in eastern metro Los Angeles (n = 402). Although most participants (97%) banned smoking inside their homes, 80% reported infiltration of SHS inside their apartments within the last year...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066862/impact-of-race-on-outcome-of-patients-undergoing-rhythm-control-of-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Asad F Durrani, Siva Soma, Andrew D Althouse, George Leef, Dingxin Qin, Samir Saba
Racial disparities between African American (AA) and White patients have been documented in cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether these disparities exist in patients undergoing rhythm control for atrial fibrillation (AF). 5873 AF patients (241 AA) were followed to the endpoint of death, stroke, or AF recurrence. Invasive procedures for AF rhythm control were examined in both racial groups. Over a mean follow-up time of 40 months, AA patients had a higher adjusted risk of death [HR 1.39, 95% CI 1...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054205/the-social-and-spatial-patterning-of-life-stress-among-immigrants-in-canada
#3
Lu Wang, Elmer Lara Palacios
While much literature has examined immigrants' health in Canada, less attention has focused specifically on the life stress, an important yet understudied post-migration challenge which may lead to poor coping strategies and negative health consequences. For this study, the pooled 2009-2014 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was analyzed, using multilevel logistic regression to examine the compositional effects (at an individual level) and areal effects (at a CMA/CA level) on reported high life stress...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054204/impact-of-prosocial-behavioral-involvement-on-school-violence-perpetration-among-african-american-middle-school-and-high-school-students
#4
Rhyanne S McDade, Keith A King, Rebecca A Vidourek, Ashley L Merianos
The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with school violence perpetration among African American youth. African American students in 7th through 12th grade (n = 7488) in schools within one Metropolitan area completed the Pride National Drug Survey. Chi square analyses revealed school violence perpetration significantly differed based on grade and prosocial behavioral involvement. Students in 7th-8th grade (54.7%) were more likely to engage in school violence in comparison to 9th-12th grade students (48...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050678/perception-of-child-weight-and-feeding-styles-in-parents-of-chinese-american-preschoolers
#5
Lucy Y Chang, Alan L Mendelsohn, Arthur H Fierman, Loretta Y Au, Mary Jo Messito
Parent perception of weight and feeding styles are associated with obesity in other racial groups but have not been explored in-depth in Chinese-American preschoolers. Cross-sectional survey of 253 Chinese-American parents with preschoolers was performed in a community clinic. Regression analysis was used to assess relationships between parental perception of weight and feeding styles. Parent under-perception of weight was common but more likely in boys than girls (χ(2) = 4.91, p = 0.03). Pressuring was also greater in boys [adjusted mean difference (95% CI) 0...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035647/offending-behavior-drug-use-and-mental-health-among-foreign-born-versus-u-s-born-latino-criminal-justice-clients
#6
Gladys E Ibañez, Michelle Agudo, Steve S Martin, Daniel J O'Connell, Rehab Auf, Diana M Sheehan
Little is known about the offending behavior and recidivism factors of Latinos by nativity (U.S. born, foreign-born). The present study focused on Latinos in community corrections (n = 201) in Miami, Florida, and examined differences in criminal activity, drug use, and mental health by nativity. Data were collected utilizing convenience sampling between June 2014 and December 2015. The research question was: what are the offending, drug use, and mental health histories of Latinos involved in community corrections? Participants were mostly male (n = 120; 59...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035646/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-infection-among-immigrants-in-a-primary-care-clinic-a-case-for-granular-ethnicity-and-language-data-collection
#7
Genji Terasaki, Angel Desai, Christy M McKinney, Mahri Z Haider
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is highly prevalent worldwide and is most often diagnosed through screening efforts. In order to identify the specific ethnic groups at greatest risk, it is necessary to go beyond traditional categories. We conducted a retrospective case series in a primary care clinic serving non-English speaking immigrants to determine the prevalence of HBV among patients of various primary spoken languages (used as a proxy for ethnicity). Among the 1378 patients, the overall prevalence of current infection was 8%...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005241/home-environmental-influences-on-childhood-obesity-in-the-latino-population-a-decade-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
Alejandra Ochoa, Jerica M Berge
Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnically diverse group in the United States. Latino children are also among the most overweight and obese ethnic groups of children in the United States. Research over the last decade has identified the home environment as a key influence on the diet and physical activity of children. To summarize cross-sectional and longitudinal research that has identified factors within the home environment of Latino families that are associated with childhood obesity and to provide recommendations for future research and intervention development with Latino families...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981400/strategies-and-challenges-in-recruiting-black-immigrant-mothers-for-a-community-based-study-on-child-nutritional-health-in-ottawa-canada
#9
Rosanne Blanchet, Dia Sanou, Constance P Nana, Elise Pauzé, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
There is a need to identify barriers to participation as well as recruitment strategies to engage minority parents of young children in health-oriented research. This paper offers insights on strategies and challenges in recruiting black immigrant mothers living in Ottawa (Canada) for a community-based health-oriented research project among 6-to-12-year-old children. We recruited 259 mother-child dyads. Most participants were recruited by team members during community events, fairs, religious gatherings, etc...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942936/differences-in-subjective-well-being-between-older-migrants-and-natives-in-europe
#10
Gregor Sand, Stefan Gruber
This study examines disparities in subjective well-being (SWB) among older migrants and natives across several European countries using data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Our results show a significant SWB gap between migrants and non-migrants that diminishes with increasing age. While migrants from Northern and Central Europe have similar SWB levels as natives, Southern European, Eastern European, and Non-European migrants have significantly lower levels of SWB than the native population...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909937/exploring-the-migration-profiles-of-primary-healthcare-users-in-south-africa
#11
Jo Vearey, Thea de Gruchy, Mphatso Kamndaya, Helen L Walls, Candice M Chetty-Makkan, Johanna Hanefeld
South Africa's public healthcare system responses seldom engage with migration. Our exploratory study investigates migration profiles and experiences of primary healthcare (PHC) users. A cross-sectional survey involving non-probability sampling was conducted with 229 PHC users at six purposively selected PHC clinics in three districts of SA. The survey captured socio-demographic information, migration histories, and PHC experiences. Chi square and Fischer's exact tests were used to compare categorical variables, whilst Mann-Whitney U tests compared continuous variables between groups...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900593/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-knowledge-among-vietnamese-americans-a-population-based-survey
#12
Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900592/tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-hispanic-persons-in-the-united-states-1993-2014
#13
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Jorge L Salinas, Krista M Powell, Lori R Armstrong
We examined the National tuberculosis surveillance system to describe Hispanic persons who were incarcerated at time of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and to compare their characteristics with those of non-Hispanic incarcerated TB patients. After declines between 1993 and 2002, the annual proportion of Hispanic TB patients who were incarcerated grew from 4.9% in 2003 to 8.4% in 2014. During 2003-2014, 19% of incarcerated US-born TB patients were Hispanic, and 86% of the foreign-born were Hispanic. Most incarcerated TB patients were in local jails, but about a third of all foreign-born Hispanics were in the facility category that includes Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873057/threat-of-deportation-as-proximal-social-determinant-of-mental-health-amongst-migrant-workers
#14
Nicholas M Harrigan, Chiu Yee Koh, Amirah Amirrudin
While migration health studies traditionally focused on socioeconomic determinants of health, an emerging body of literature is exploring migration status as a proximate cause of health outcomes. Study 1 is a path analysis of the predictors of mental health amongst 582 documented migrant workers in Singapore, and shows that threat of deportation is one of the most important proximate social determinants of predicted mental illness, and a mediator of the impact of workplace conflict on mental health. Study 2 is a qualitative study of the narratives of 149 migrant workers who were in workplace conflict with their employers, and demonstrates that workers believed threats were used as a negotiating strategy during workplace conflicts...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866305/mental-health-status-of-double-minority-adolescents-findings-from-national-cross-sectional-health-surveys
#15
Szu-Ying Chiang, Theresa Fleming, Mathijs Lucassen, John Fenaughty, Terryann Clark, Simon Denny
Little population-based work has been published about the mental health of adolescents with both sexual/gender (SG) and ethnic minority (i.e. double minority) status. This study aimed to provide an overview on their mental health. Analysis of data from a total of 17,607 high school students from New Zealand's 2007 and 2012 cross-sectional nationally representative Adolescent Health Surveys, including a total of 1306 (7.4%) SG minority participants, of whom 581 (3.3%) were also an ethnic minority. SG minority status, minority ethnicity, and female sex were associated with higher mental distress and poorer well-being...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858278/primary-health-care-models-addressing-health-equity-for-immigrants-a-systematic-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Ricardo Batista, Kevin Pottie, Louise Bouchard, Edward Ng, Peter Tanuseputro, Peter Tugwell
To examine two healthcare models, specifically "Primary Medical Care" (PMC) and "Primary Health Care" (PHC) in the context of immigrant populations' health needs. We conducted a systematic scoping review of studies that examined primary care provided to immigrants. We categorized studies into two models, PMC and PHC. We used subjects of access barriers and preventive interventions to analyze the potential of PMC/PHC to address healthcare inequities. From 1385 articles, 39 relevant studies were identified. In the context of immigrant populations, the PMC model was found to be more oriented to implement strategies that improve quality of care of the acute and chronically ill, while PHC models focused more on health promotion and strategies to address cultural and access barriers to care, and preventive strategies to address social determinants of health...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848078/mental-health-and-stress-among-south-asians
#17
Alison Karasz, Francesca Gany, Javier Escobar, Cristina Flores, Lakshmi Prasad, Arpana Inman, Vasundhara Kalasapudi, Razia Kosi, Meena Murthy, Jennifer Leng, Sadhna Diwan
Addressing mental illness requires a culturally sensitive approach. As detailed in this literature review, treating mental illness in the South Asian immigrant community necessitates a thorough understanding of the South Asian conceptualization of mental illness. Past research, though limited, has described the different reasons the South Asian community attributes to causing mental illness, as well as the stigma associated with acknowledging the disease. Acculturation of the community also plays a significant role in cultural acceptability and the receipt of quality care...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838863/childhood-maltreatment-linked-with-a-deterioration-of-psychosocial-outcomes-in-adult-life-for-southern-brazilian-transgender-women
#18
Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Angelo Brandelli Costa, Andrew Pasley, Renata Basso Cupertino, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Karine Schwarz, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, André Oliveira Borba, Andressa Mueller, Claiton Henrique Dotto Bau, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
A history of childhood maltreatment (HCM) has been associated with detrimental psychiatric outcomes. This is particularly true for transgender, for whom there is initial evidence that HCM may be associated with psychiatric morbidity. Our study aimed to further characterize the relationship between HCM and the development of mental disorder in adult life, based on a sample of Brazilian transgender women. Cross-sectional data were collected from a consecutive sample of 289 transgender women who attended the Hospital Clínicas clinic for gender dysphoria, in Porto Alegre, between 1998 and 2014...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837288/social-norms-acculturation-and-physical-activity-among-latina-women
#19
Ana F Abraído-Lanza, Rachel C Shelton, Mariana Cunha Martins, Danielle M Crookes
Physical activity promotes health and is important for preventing chronic conditions, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Little is known about factors associated with different types of PA among Latina women, particularly Dominicans, who now constitute the fifth largest group of Latinos in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine whether occupational physical activity, acculturation, familism, and norms held by family and friends are associated with three types of PA: vigorous and moderate leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and resistance training...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832474/social-support-and-hiv-risks-among-migrant-and-non-migrant-market-workers-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#20
Gaukhar Mergenova, Stacey A Shaw, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Lenore Gensburg, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel
: Migration processes are listed within the primary factors facilitating the heterosexual spread of HIV. The study examines the relationship between social support, sexual HIV risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers from Barakholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan. RESULTS: (1) higher level of perceived social support [Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease (ENRICHD) Social Support Instrument (ESSI score)] was associated with a lower likelihood of having sex with a female sex worker (FSW) [OR = 0...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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