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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326438/parent-perceptions-of-child-weight-status-in-mexican-origin-immigrant-families-an-investigation-of-acculturation-stress-and-coping-factors
#1
Dorothy L McLeod, Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Heard, Amy M Bohnert, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
Parents often underestimate their child's weight status, particularly when the child is overweight or obese. This study examined acculturation, stress, coping, and involuntary responses to stress and their relation to estimation of child's weight status among Mexican-origin immigrant families. Eighty-six families provided data on child's height and weight, caregiver's perception of their child's weight status, and caregiver's responses to acculturation, stress, and coping scales. Parents underestimated their child's weight status, particularly when the child was overweight or obese...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299502/a-universal-health-care-system-unmet-need-for-medical-care-among-regular-and-irregular-immigrants-in-italy
#2
Annalisa Busetta, Valeria Cetorelli, Ben Wilson
Italy has a universal health care system that covers, in principle, the whole resident population, irrespective of citizenship and legal status. This study calculates the prevalence of unmet need for medical care among Italian citizens, regular and irregular immigrants and estimates logistic regression models to assess whether differences by citizenship and legal status hold true once adjusting for potential confounders. The analysis is based on two Surveys on Income and Living Conditions of Italian households and households with foreigners...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#3
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289953/decomposing-the-household-food-insecurity-gap-for-children-of-u-s-born-and-foreign-born-hispanics-evidence-from-1998-to-2011
#4
Irma Arteaga, Stephanie Potochnick, Sarah Parsons
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-K, multivariate analysis, state fixed effects, and regression decomposition, we examine changes in food insecurity for Hispanic kindergarteners between 1998 and 2011, a time period of rapid immigration and political/socio-economic changes. During this time the household food insecurity gap between children of U.S.-born and foreign-born mothers increased by almost 7 percentage points. The factors-child, family, and state-that contributed to the nativity gap differed over time...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285333/south-asian-health-from-research-to-practice-and-policy-an-overview
#5
Francesca Gany, Latha Palaniappan, Lakshmi Prasad, Sudha Acharya, Jennifer Leng
The US South Asian population has grown tremendously, and is now over 2.5 million. South Asians often face tremendous cultural, socioeconomic, linguistic and structural obstacles to good health, and face staggering cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer risk. Coupled with this is a paucity of detailed data on the population's unique CVD and cancer risk profiles, etiologic mechanisms, and effective interventions to address South Asian health disparities. This data gap compelled an initiative to develop more targeted research and evidence-based practice and policy approaches...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283861/injuries-among-immigrants-treated-in-primary-care-in-madrid-spain
#6
Ana Clara Zoni, María Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María Dolores Esteban-Vasallo, Luis Miguel Velázquez-Buendía, Vendula Blaya-Nováková, Enrique Regidor
This study compared the injury incidence rates by sex in adult immigrant and native population attended in primary care in the Community of Madrid, Spain. Cross-sectional study of injuries registered in the primary care electronic medical record in 2012. Crude and age-adjusted incidence rates by sex, region of birth and type of injury were calculated. Poisson regression was performed. In both sexes, the highest crude injury incidence rate was found in immigrants from North Africa, followed by the native population...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271345/the-influence-of-parental-education-on-dietary-intake-in-latino-youth
#7
Rebecca E Hasson, Ya-Wen J Hsu, Jaimie N Davis, Michael I Goran, Donna Spruijt-Metz
Acculturation to the US culture is associated with suboptimal dietary choices in Latino youth. The role of parental education in shaping children's nutrition is less clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between parental education, acculturation and dietary intake in 96 Latino youth ages 8-18 years. Parental education was assessed using a seven-category variable. Acculturation was assessed using the Acculturation, Habits, and Interests Multicultural Scale for Adolescents questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258468/psychosocial-indicators-in-north-african-immigrant-women-in-italy
#8
Stefania Toselli, Natascia Rinaldo, Maria Giovanna Caccialupi, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
The present research evaluated the psychosocial health and quality of life of North African (NA) immigrant women living in Italy. A survey of 205 NA-born and Italian-born women was carried out. Psychosocial, sociodemographic and migration data were collected. Anthropometric indices were computed by direct measurements of height, weight, waist and hip circumferences. Multivariate analysis showed that the main explanatory variable for all dimensions of psychosocial status was the migrant status. Other explanatory variables were educational level and number of children for psychological discomfort, and weight status for well-being, quality of life and stress...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258467/diabetes-in-immigrant-tibetan-muslims-in-kashmir-north-india
#9
Mirza Shohiab Ur Riyaz, Majid Khalil Rather, Parvaiz A Koul
Tibetan Muslims have migrated from Lhasa (3000 m altitude) to Srinagar, India (altitude 1500 m) about 55 years back. We set out to study the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among this immigrant population. All consenting adults aged ≥18 years were questioned about a previous history of diabetes or any other medical history. Anthropometric data were recorded. Fasting blood glucose was measured in duplicate by Accu-check glucometer and HbA1C levels were measured. Of the 281 participants, 26 (9.25%) had diabetes whereas 46 (16...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251422/immigrant-generational-status-and-developmental-problems-among-prematurely-born-children
#10
Phylicia T Bediako, Rhonda BeLue, Marianne M Hillemeier
Immigrants in the U.S. often have comparatively favorable health outcomes despite relative socioeconomic disadvantage- a phenomenon termed the Immigrant Paradox. This study examined the relationship between family immigrant status and developmental problems among children born preterm. The 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health data collected through a telephone based survey based on parental report of prematurity and other comorbidities were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine seven developmental outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251421/younger-age-and-health-beliefs-associated-with-being-overdue-for-pap-testing-among-utah-latinas-who-were-non-adherent-to-cancer-screening-guidelines
#11
Djin Lai, Julia Bodson, Echo L Warner, Shauna Ayres, Ryan Mooney, Deanna Kepka
Factors associated with being overdue for Papanicoloau (Pap) testing in a Latina community were examined. Female participants aged ≥ 21 years, who were overdue for one or more cancer screenings (N = 206), were purposively recruited. Descriptive statistics, Fisher's Exact Tests for count data, and multivariable logistic regressions were conducted. Participants overdue for cancer screening, aged 38-47 years demonstrated lower odds of being overdue for Pap testing compared with those 21-37 years old (OR = 0...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243776/intergenerational-conflicts-cultural-restraints-and-suicide-experiences-of-young-african-people-in-adelaide-south-australia
#12
Lillian Mwanri, Eunice Okyere, Mariastella Pulvirenti
This study aimed to explore determinants of increased suicide deaths among African youth in South Australia. The paper reports on the intersectionality between intergenerational conflicts and fatal suicides in the target population. The study employed a qualitative inquiry approach, studying 31 young people in the African community in Adelaide. Intergenerational conflicts were identified as pervasive, with negative implications for the affected individuals, their families, and the entire African community. These led to turmoil in the community, youth isolation, reduced social interactions, stress and fatal suicides...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239756/culturally-relevant-human-subjects-protection-training-a-case-study-in-community-engaged-research-in-the-united-states
#13
Jennifer Kue, Laura A Szalacha, Mary Beth Happ, Abigail L Crisp, Usha Menon
Non-academic members of research teams, such as community members, can perceive traditional human subjects protection training as lacking in cultural relevance. We present a case exemplar of the development of a human subjects protection training for research staff with limited English proficiency and/or no or limited research experience. Seven modules were adapted for language, cultural examples, etc., from the standard Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) human subjects protection training...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239755/increasing-cancer-screening-among-old-order-anabaptist-women-through-specialized-women-s-health-and-integrated-cancer-screening-interventions
#14
Kate McBride, Dionne Gesink
Our objective was to develop, deliver, and evaluate a cancer screening intervention focused on rural Anabaptist communities in Ontario, Canada, to increase routine cancer screenings among women. We carried out three cancer prevention and screening interventions with Old Order Anabaptist women. Each intervention consisted of: transportation to the site, pre-arranged screening services, health teachings, fellowship and shopping, and an evaluative survey. Seventy five women total participated over three interventions...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236140/reconceptulizing-language-discordance-meanings-and-experiences-of-language-barriers-in-the-u-s-and-taiwan
#15
LETTER
Elaine Hsieh
Individuals with language barriers may face challenges unique to a host society. By examining and comparing the sociocultural conditions that can result in providers and patients not sharing the same language in the United States and in Taiwan, I argue that (a) language discordance is a social phenomenon that may entail diverging meanings and experiences in different countries; (b) language-discordant patients may not share similar experiences even if they are in the same country; and (c) disparities in language concordance may be confounded with other disparities and cultural particulars that are unique to a host society...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213691/barriers-to-healthcare-among-african-immigrants-in-georgia-usa
#16
Oluwatoyosi A Adekeye, Bola F Adesuyi, Joseph G Takon
African-born immigrants are among the fastest growing immigrant groups in the US, yet they are underrepresented in healthcare research, particularly, cancer research and tend to be categorized as African American or Black, obscuring any cultural nuances that exist. A survey designed to provide insight on the barriers to healthcare, knowledge of common cancers, and cancer risks was utilized during a health fair. Data analyses included descriptive statistics to examine participant demographics and other study variables of interest...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#17
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#18
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197861/adapting-an-autism-screening-tool-for-use-in-the-dekalb-county-refugee-pediatric-clinic
#19
C McClure, S Reines, P S Suchdev, A Oladele, A B Goodman
BACKGROUND: Minimal literature exists regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among refugee children in the United States. Reliable ASD screening tools, such as the M-CHAT-R/F, have yet to be culturally adapted and translated into some languages spoken in the homes of these children. METHODS: Pediatric refugee patients (n = 13) of caregivers of Bhutanese (Nepali-speaking) descent were screened using a newly translated Nepali M-CHAT-R/F. The M-CHAT-R/F was adapted based on feedback from Bhutanese caregivers and interpreter expertise...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168392/the-effects-of-bias-based-bullying-bbb-on-health-education-and-cognitive-social-emotional-outcomes-in-children-with-minority-backgrounds-proposed-comprehensive-public-health-intervention-solutions
#20
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