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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#1
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702815/exploring-factors-influencing-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-communities-in-victoria-australia-a-qualitative-study
#2
Andre M N Renzaho, Julie Green, Ben J Smith, Michael Polonsky
Despite the availability of numerous obesity prevention initiatives in developed countries including Australia, rising childhood obesity levels have been found among migrant communities which contribute to widening obesity-related disparities in these countries. We sought to understand the factors influencing the participation of migrant communities in childhood obesity prevention initiatives. We conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews among 48 migrant parents from African, Middle Eastern, Indian and Vietnamese origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia to explore their views on childhood obesity and its prevention...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698971/living-with-diabetes-personal-interviews-with-pakistani-women-in-norway
#3
Walaa Abuelmagd, Helle Håkonsen, Khadijah Qurrat-Ul-Ain Mahmood, Najmeh Taghizadeh, Else-Lydia Toverud
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Pakistani women in Norway is remarkably high. This study aims to assess how they live with the disease and their response to lifestyle and medical information. 120 Pakistani women living in Norway (mean age: 55.7 years) were personally interviewed about their T2D using a structured questionnaire (response rate: 95%). The participants were first-generation immigrants (mean residence time: 28.7 years) of whom 27% were illiterates. Poor health was reported by one-third, and 71% had developed macrovascular comorbidities...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685243/emotional-distress-medical-utilization-and-disability-claims-in-adult-refugees
#4
Peter Cronkright, Christina D Lupone
The refugee health screener-15 (RHS-15) is utilized as a diagnostic proxy for common mental disorders in refugees. Studies are needed to determine its clinical and social utility. A retrospective chart analysis of adult refugees compared RHS-15 scores to utilization of medical services and presence of disability claims. Refugees with negative, positive, and highly positive RHS-15 scores attended 3.1, 4.4, and 5.7 mean primary care visits and 1.6, 2.8, and 4.4 mean non-primary care visits, respectively (p < ...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681307/anxiety-sensitivity-and-age-roles-in-understanding-subjective-social-status-among-low-income-adult-latinos-in-primary-care
#5
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Kara Manning, Chad Lemaire, Lorraine R Reitzel, Lia J Smith, Melissa Ochoa-Perez
One social determinant of health construct that is reliably related to health disparities among the Latino population is subjective social status, reflecting subjective ratings of social standing. Yet, little research has explored factors that may undergird variability in subjective social status among this population or in general. Accordingly, the present investigation examined one possible etiological model wherein age moderates the relation between individual differences in anxiety sensitivity (fear of the negative consequences of stress sensations) and subjective social status among a Latino primary care sample...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674951/the-impact-of-refugee-mothers-trauma-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-on-their-children-s-adjustment
#6
Patricia L East, Sheila Gahagan, Wael K Al-Delaimy
The mechanisms linking refugee parents' trauma onto their children's functioning are not well understood. The current study sought to identify how Somali refugee mothers' past trauma and current mental health impact their children's psychosocial adjustment. One hundred and ninety-eight Somali mothers (M age = 39 years) and their children (M age = 10 years; 56% male) were studied. On average, mothers spent 7 years in refugee camps, experienced significant trauma, and some had been tortured. Measures of mothers' posttraumatic stress and depression were analyzed as three symptom clusters: volatility/panic, withdrawn/detached, and depressed mood...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660392/exploring-health-service-underutilization-a-process-evaluation-of-the-newcomer-women-s-health-clinic
#7
Madeline Chan, Caitlin Johnston, Andrea Bever
The BC Women's Hospital and Health Centre's Newcomer Women's Health Clinic (NWHC) opened in 2014 to fill a gap in services for newcomer women to Canada residing in Metro Vancouver. After 1 year the NWHC was operating at only 50% capacity. An evaluation was conducted to better understand the underutilization of clinic services. Evaluation data was collected via patient intake forms, patient feedback surveys, and one-to-one interviews with both newcomer women and service providers who work with newcomer women...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660391/retention-of-ethnic-participants-in-longitudinal-studies
#8
REVIEW
Pavneet Singh, Twyla Ens, K Alix Hayden, Shane Sinclair, Pam LeBlanc, Moaz Chohan, Kathryn M King-Shier
We aimed to identify effective participant retention strategies utilized in longitudinal studies of ethnic groups, specifically those from South Asian and Chinese communities. We conducted a systematic review of the literature focusing on the retention of ethnic minorities in longitudinal studies, up until April 2017. Only peer-reviewed research was included. 11,316 citations were retrieved, of which 4808 were duplicates and 51 met the inclusion criteria. Financial incentives, involving key community members, flexible scheduling, developing trust and personal connections with participants, and having extensive participant contact information are key facilitators...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653275/a-conceptual-model-for-home-based-primary-care-of-older-refugees
#9
REVIEW
M A Nies, C Febles, K Fanning, S S Tavernier
The needs of refugees in the United States can often optimally be met through home based primary care (HBPC). Until recently, however, there has been little research into the methods of best practice and challenges of providing home based care to refugee groups. The model for the HBPC of refugees proposed here is the result of a comprehensive review of the literature combined with professional practice. Emphasis is placed on the elements of care identified as most affecting health and quality of life outcomes for refugees receiving HBPC...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#10
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646404/latinas-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-barriers-to-receipt-and-feasibility-of-home-based-fecal-immunochemical-testing
#11
Echo L Warner, Julia Bodson, Ryan Mooney, Djin Lai, N Jewel Samadder, Deanna Kepka
Latinas' high colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality makes them a priority population for CRC screening. CRC screening knowledge, perceived barriers, and feasibility of using the Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) was assessed among Latinas in Utah. Participants aged ≥50 (n = 95) were surveyed about knowledge and barriers to CRC screening. 27 participants completed a FIT and evaluation survey. Fisher's exact tests assessed sociodemographic correlates of CRC screening outcomes. Most participants were overdue for CRC screening (n = 81, 85%)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643172/associations-of-work-stress-supervisor-unfairness-and-supervisor-inability-to-speak-spanish-with-occupational-injury-among-latino-farmworkers
#12
Jessica Miller Clouser, Ashley Bush, Wenqi Gan, Jennifer Swanberg
Little is known about how psychosocial work factors such as work stress, supervisor fairness, and language barriers affect risk of occupational injury among Latino farmworkers. This study attempts to address these questions. Surveys were administered via interviews to 225 Latino thoroughbred farmworkers. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of occupational injury in the past year in relation to occupational characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639095/knowledge-awareness-and-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-korean-american-parents
#13
Sarah Hyun, Seulgi Lee, William R Ventura, Joseph McMenamin
Hepatitis B (HB) affects 240 million people around the world, and children and young adults make up a large proportion of the infected population. Approximately 1 million people die from HB each year. Despite the seriousness of HB and its complications, many are poorly linked to clinical care. A lack of health literacy may be a critical barrier hindering access to HB care for adults as well as children in these populations. We, therefore, performed a survey to assess the level of knowledge of HB among Korean American parents...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620712/challenges-to-the-provision-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-to-refugee-and-migrant-women-a-q-methodological-study-of-health-professional-perspectives
#14
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
This Q methodological study was conducted to examine the perspectives of health professionals in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care to refugee and migrant women. Forty-seven health professionals rank-ordered 42 statements and commented on their rankings in subsequent open-ended questions. A bi-person factor analysis was performed and factors were extracted according to the centroid method with a varimax rotation. Seven factors each with a distinct and meaningful viewpoint were identified. These factors are: "Communication difficulties-hurdles to counselling", "Lack of access to culturally appropriate care", "Navigating SRH care", "Cultural constraints on effective communication", "Effects of the lack of cultural competency", "Impacts of low income and language barrier" and "SRH services are accessible, but not culturally relevant"...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616761/a-response-to-predictors-of-heart-disease-knowledge-among-older-and-younger-asian-indian-adults
#15
LETTER
Abdus Sattar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612082/reaching-out-for-help-an-analysis-of-the-differences-between-refugees-who-accept-and-those-who-decline-community-mental-health-services
#16
Jennifer L Ballard-Kang, Thomas R Lawson, Jane Evans
In 2012, clinics in Louisville, Kentucky began to use the RHS-15 to screen for mental health issues among refugees. At the same time, mental health outreach programs were developed and implemented by the Mental Health Coordinator. Data from 563 refugee clients referred to the Mental Health Coordinator from 2012 to 2015 was analyzed to examine differences between refugees who accepted referral to community mental health services and those who declined on the variables age, gender, country of origin, time in the U...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608262/healthful-cultural-foods-and-safety-net-use-among-cambodian-and-brazilian-immigrant-communities-in-massachusetts
#17
L S Cordeiro, L Sibeko, J Nelson-Peterman
Declining health and food security status among low-income immigrants in the U.S. may result from limited access to healthful, cultural foods and safety net programs. We held focus group discussions with low-income Cambodian and Brazilian immigrants (11 groups, n = 84) living in Massachusetts. Cambodians and Brazilians valued healthful, cultural foods, emphasizing their beliefs that cultural foods are healthier and beneficial for weight management and aging. Although both groups could access these foods, some individuals had difficulty affording them...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597233/how-have-you-been-or-%C3%A2-como-est%C3%A3-s-does-language-of-interview-influences-self-rated-health-among-hispanic-subgroups
#18
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Matthew J Martinez
This paper reports language differences in poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) among adults from six Hispanic groups in the United States. Data are from the cross-sectional 1997-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The total sample of Hispanic adults with valid information for the variables considered in the study (n = 156,374) included Mexican-Americans (Mex-Am; n = 43,628), Mexicans (n = 55,057), Puerto Ricans (n = 14,631), Cubans (n = 8,041), Dominicans (from Dominican Republican, n = 4,359) and Other Hispanics (n = 30,658)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597232/factors-associated-to-medication-consumption-among-the-immigrant-population-residing-in-spain
#19
Díaz-Rodríguez Dania Rocío, Hernández-Barrera Valentín, Jiménez-Trujillo Isabel, Carrasco-Garrido Pilar
We aimed to determine the prevalence of medication use by the immigrant population residing in Spain, and to identify the factors associated with this consumption. Descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data retrieved from the 2012 Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS). Using logistic multivariate regression analysis, three models were generated: one for immigrants from high income countries (HIC), another for immigrants from low income countries (LIC), and a third one for the native population...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589487/factors-predicting-sodium-intake-of-korean-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jisook Ko, Kim B Kim, Gayle M Timmerman, Angela P Clark, Miyong Kim
The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications including cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease threaten Korean Americans (KAs). High dietary sodium intake contributes to both conditions. The purpose of the study was to assess dietary sodium consumption and to examine the predictors of sodium intake among KA with T2DM. A total 232 KA who had uncontrolled diabetes participated in this study. The majority of the sample (69%) consumed more sodium than current national guidelines...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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