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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

A M Ozgumus, P E Ekmekci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Musa Abubakar Kana, Sofia Correia, Henrique Barros
Epidemiological studies report conflicting findings regarding association between maternal immigration status and pregnancy outcomes. In this study we compared risk factors and prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in native Portuguese and migrants. Cross-sectional analysis was conducted using information collected at delivery from the participants of Generation XXI birth cohort. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association between migrant status and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Prevalence of risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes varied between native Portuguese and migrants: teenage mothers (5...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Nathalie Auger, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, André Costopoulos
We investigated trends in infant autopsy for Francophones and Anglophones in Quebec, Canada. Using death certificates, we extracted 8214 infant deaths between 1989 and 2013. We computed rates of non-autopsy by language, socioeconomic disadvantage, age at death, and period. Using Kitagawa's method, we decomposed non-autopsy rates over time for both language groups. Infant non-autopsy rates increased from 38.6 to 56.2 per 100 for Francophones, and from 41.2 to 57.2 per 100 for Anglophones, between 1989-1995 and 2008-2013...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Joyce R Javier, Angela Reyes, Dean M Coffey, Sheree M Schrager, Allan Samson, Lawrence Palinkas, Michele D Kipke, Jeanne Miranda
Filipinos, the second largest Asian subgroup in the U.S., experience significant youth behavioral health disparities but remain under-represented in health research. We describe lessons learned from using the Matching Model of Recruitment to recruit 215 Filipinos to participate in a large, randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored video aimed at increasing enrollment in the Incredible Years® Parent Program. We recruited participants from schools, churches, clinics, community events, and other community-based locations...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Maria Eugenia Fernández-Esquer, Kathryn R Gallardo, Pamela M Diamond
Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. We conducted an exploratory study with 327 Latino day laborers who completed a community survey. We developed a structural equation model, using cross-sectional data to explore the relationships among socioeconomic status, situational and immigration stress, depression, work risk exposure, and occupational injury...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Lemaat Michael, Alexandra K Brady, Greg Russell, Scott D Rhodes, Shahla Namak, Laura Cody, Andrea Vasquez, Andrea Caldwell, Jennifer Foy, Julie M Linton
As increasing numbers of refugees have resettled globally, an interdisciplinary group of stakeholders in Forsyth, North Carolina, recognized obstacles preventing coordinated medical care, which inspired the development of our Refugee Health Collaborative. This study assessed the Collaborative's impact on access to coordinated care within patient-centered medical homes (PCMH). A Collaborative-developed novel algorithm guided the process by which refugees establish care in PCMHs. All refugees who established medical care in the two primary health systems in our county (n = 285) were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
John A Sauceda, Ronald A Brooks, Jessica Xavier, Andres Maiorana, Lisa Georgetti Gomez, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Carlos E Rodriguez-Diaz, Adan Cajina, Janet Myers
Interventions aiming to improve access to and retention in HIV care are optimized when they are tailored to clients' needs. This paper describes an initiative of interventions implemented by ten demonstration sites using a transnational framework to tailor services for Mexicans and Puerto Ricans living with HIV. Transnationalism describes how immigrants (and their children) exist in their "receiving" place (e.g., continental U.S.) while simultaneously maintaining connections to their country or place of origin (e...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Pia Jäger
Burden and vulnerability factors after the genocide by ISIS accumulate to a high risk of health for displaced Yezidi women having survived or escaped the "ISIS" persecutions and massacres 2014. In May 2017, standardized interviews, including tests for the acquisition of healthrelated quality of life (SF12), stress (PSS10) and experienced trauma were performed with 29 and a medical anamnesis with 10 displaced female Yezidi in camps for internally displaced people (IDP) and unofficial settlements in Northern Iraq...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Barbara H Bardenheier, Christina R Phares, Diane Simpson, Edward Gregg, Pyone Cho, Stephen Benoit, Nina Marano
We examined changes in the prevalence of chronic health conditions among US-bound refugees originating from Burma resettling over 8 years by the type of living arrangement before resettlement, either in camps (Thailand) or in urban areas (Malaysia). Using data from the required overseas medical exam for 73,251 adult (≥ 18 years) refugees originating from Burma resettling to the United States during 2009-2016, we assessed average annual percent change (AAPC) in proportion ≥ 45 years and age- and sex-standardized prevalence of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and musculoskeletal disease, by camps versus urban areas...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Fern J Webb, Jagdish Khubchandani, Catherine Woodstock Striley, Linda B Cottler
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Funding section. Some of the vital information is missing in the Funding as well as the article note was not included in the published article. The complete funding information and the missed article note are presented with this erratum.
May 9, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jessie Kemmick Pintor, Diane C Mitchell, Marc B Schenker
We explored if and how depression moderated the treatment effect of Pasos Saludables, a successful pilot workplace obesity intervention for Latino immigrant farmworkers. The original randomized controlled study assigned 254 participants 2:1 to a 10-session educational intervention versus control. We assessed the relationship between change in BMI (primary outcome) and interaction of treatment allocation and baseline risk for depression. Baseline CES-D scores indicated that 27.3% of participants were at risk for depression...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Daniel R du Plooy, Anthony Lyons, Emiko S Kashima
We examine the access that culturally diverse migrant groups in Australia have to different sources of social support and how this access, or lack thereof, is associated with psychological flourishing and distress. A national online survey was conducted with 1334 migrants in Australia, examining 11 different sources of social support, including family, friends, relationship partner, acquaintances, work colleagues, health professionals, government agencies, community organisations, religious groups, social groups and online groups...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Luisa Arroyave, Yoav Keynan, Deny Sanchez, Lucelly López, Diana Marin, Maryluz Posada, Zulma Vanessa Rueda
To determine the prevalence and incidence of LTBI among prison guards and to the risk factors associated with infection. Two male prisons in Medellín and Itaguí, Colombia. A cohort study was conducted in adult prison guards that consented to participate. Exclusion criteria included: previous or current active TB, or conditions that preclude TST administration. We screened 194 guards and completed 155 TST administrations. The prevalence of LTBI was 55.8% in prison one, and 39.1% in prison two. The risk factors associated with LTBI diagnosis included drug use at least once in a lifetime (PR: 1...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Mienah Zulfacar Sharif, Kelly Biegler, Richard Mollica, Susan Elliot Sim, Elisa Nicholas, Maria Chandler, Quyen Ngo-Metzger, Kittya Paigne, Sompia Paigne, Dara H Sorkin
Asian Americans are understudied in health research and often aggregated into one homogenous group, thereby disguising disparities across subgroups. Cambodian Americans, one of the largest refugee communities in the United States, may be at high risk for adverse health outcomes. This study compares the health status and healthcare experiences of Cambodian American refugees and immigrants. Data were collected via questionnaires and medical records from two community clinics in Southern California (n = 308)...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Eunyoung Kim, Minwoo Yun, Jin Yong Jun, Woong-Sub Park
Many studies on refugees suggested that refugees' traumatic events associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is unknown whether refugees' PTSD was caused by their negative experience before or after the entry of their destination country. Thus, a separation of refugees' pre-migration from their post-migration experience is particularly important in understanding the causal impact of trauma. Using a sample from North Korean refugees, this study investigates the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, the impact of tortured trauma, repatriation experiences, on PTSD among North Korean refugees (n = 698)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jennifer C Leng, Lei Lei, Shu Fang Lei, Zhiying Zhu, Nancy Mo, Brian Sou, Imran Mujawar, Francesca Gany
We aimed to assess a key risk factor for lung cancer, smoking, in a vulnerable group, Chinese livery drivers in New York City (NYC). This is a nested cohort study conducted in the summer/fall of 2014 within a larger NIMHD-funded R24 program, the Taxi Network. The Taxi Network Needs Assessment (TNNA) survey was administered to a broad demographic of drivers. This study reports on the TNNA survey smoking-related results among NYC Chinese livery drivers. 97 drivers participated. Mean age was 44.7 years, 2.1% were English proficient, and 23...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
A Nabil Shaaban, Samantha Morais, Bárbara Peleteiro
Migrants' health is attracting substantial global interest. We aimed to identify barriers and differences in healthcare services utilization between migrants and natives in a nationally representative sample using data from the National Health Survey 2014. A total of 18,165 participants providing information on country of birth and nationality were included, and comparison of healthcare services utilization was made by using participants born in Portugal and with Portuguese nationality as the reference group...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Arturo Vargas Bustamante, Jie Chen, Ryan M McKenna, Alexander N Ortega
We examine changes in health insurance coverage and access to and utilization of health care before and after the national implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) among the U.S. adult immigrant population. Data from the 2011-2016 National Health Interview Survey are used to compare adult respondents in 2011-2013 (before the ACA implementation) and 2014-2016 (after the ACA implementation). Multivariable logistic regression analyses are used to compare changes over time. This study shows that the ACA has closed the coverage gap that previously existed between U...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Farrah Jacquez, Lisa M Vaughn, Gabriela Suarez-Cano
Stress negatively impacts health outcomes across all racial and ethnic groups, but the health disparities experienced by Latino immigrants in nontraditional migration cities are exacerbated by undeveloped infrastructure and weak social support networks. Immigrants in new migration cities can be difficult to engage in health interventions and are therefore underrepresented in the very research where their inclusion is most crucial. To effectively engage Latino immigrants, a team of academic and community researchers collaborated on a community-based participatory research project to design and implement a stress and coping intervention...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
K Rota, C Spanbauer, A Szabo, C E Okunseri
There is limited information on the oral health of Albanian immigrant population residing in the U.S. This creates a hinderance to developing and implementing appropriate dental care programs for the population. This study investigated oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and associated factors of Albanian adults living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Purposive and snowball sampling methods were employed. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data on oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and socio-demographic information...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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