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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Jorge L Salinas, Krista M Powell, Lori R Armstrong
We examined the National tuberculosis surveillance system to describe Hispanic persons who were incarcerated at time of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and to compare their characteristics with those of non-Hispanic incarcerated TB patients. After declines between 1993 and 2002, the annual proportion of Hispanic TB patients who were incarcerated grew from 4.9% in 2003 to 8.4% in 2014. During 2003-2014, 19% of incarcerated US-born TB patients were Hispanic, and 86% of the foreign-born were Hispanic. Most incarcerated TB patients were in local jails, but about a third of all foreign-born Hispanics were in the facility category that includes Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Nicholas M Harrigan, Chiu Yee Koh, Amirah Amirrudin
While migration health studies traditionally focused on socioeconomic determinants of health, an emerging body of literature is exploring migration status as a proximate cause of health outcomes. Study 1 is a path analysis of the predictors of mental health amongst 582 documented migrant workers in Singapore, and shows that threat of deportation is one of the most important proximate social determinants of predicted mental illness, and a mediator of the impact of workplace conflict on mental health. Study 2 is a qualitative study of the narratives of 149 migrant workers who were in workplace conflict with their employers, and demonstrates that workers believed threats were used as a negotiating strategy during workplace conflicts...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Szu-Ying Chiang, Theresa Fleming, Mathijs Lucassen, John Fenaughty, Terryann Clark, Simon Denny
Little population-based work has been published about the mental health of adolescents with both sexual/gender (SG) and ethnic minority (i.e. double minority) status. This study aimed to provide an overview on their mental health. Analysis of data from a total of 17,607 high school students from New Zealand's 2007 and 2012 cross-sectional nationally representative Adolescent Health Surveys, including a total of 1306 (7.4%) SG minority participants, of whom 581 (3.3%) were also an ethnic minority. SG minority status, minority ethnicity, and female sex were associated with higher mental distress and poorer well-being...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ricardo Batista, Kevin Pottie, Louise Bouchard, Edward Ng, Peter Tanuseputro, Peter Tugwell
To examine two healthcare models, specifically "Primary Medical Care" (PMC) and "Primary Health Care" (PHC) in the context of immigrant populations' health needs. We conducted a systematic scoping review of studies that examined primary care provided to immigrants. We categorized studies into two models, PMC and PHC. We used subjects of access barriers and preventive interventions to analyze the potential of PMC/PHC to address healthcare inequities. From 1385 articles, 39 relevant studies were identified. In the context of immigrant populations, the PMC model was found to be more oriented to implement strategies that improve quality of care of the acute and chronically ill, while PHC models focused more on health promotion and strategies to address cultural and access barriers to care, and preventive strategies to address social determinants of health...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alison Karasz, Francesca Gany, Javier Escobar, Cristina Flores, Lakshmi Prasad, Arpana Inman, Vasundhara Kalasapudi, Razia Kosi, Meena Murthy, Jennifer Leng, Sadhna Diwan
Addressing mental illness requires a culturally sensitive approach. As detailed in this literature review, treating mental illness in the South Asian immigrant community necessitates a thorough understanding of the South Asian conceptualization of mental illness. Past research, though limited, has described the different reasons the South Asian community attributes to causing mental illness, as well as the stigma associated with acknowledging the disease. Acculturation of the community also plays a significant role in cultural acceptability and the receipt of quality care...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Angelo Brandelli Costa, Andrew Pasley, Renata Basso Cupertino, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Karine Schwarz, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, André Oliveira Borba, Andressa Mueller, Claiton Henrique Dotto Bau, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
A history of childhood maltreatment (HCM) has been associated with detrimental psychiatric outcomes. This is particularly true for transgender, for whom there is initial evidence that HCM may be associated with psychiatric morbidity. Our study aimed to further characterize the relationship between HCM and the development of mental disorder in adult life, based on a sample of Brazilian transgender women. Cross-sectional data were collected from a consecutive sample of 289 transgender women who attended the Hospital Clínicas clinic for gender dysphoria, in Porto Alegre, between 1998 and 2014...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ana F Abraído-Lanza, Rachel C Shelton, Mariana Cunha Martins, Danielle M Crookes
Physical activity promotes health and is important for preventing chronic conditions, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Little is known about factors associated with different types of PA among Latina women, particularly Dominicans, who now constitute the fifth largest group of Latinos in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine whether occupational physical activity, acculturation, familism, and norms held by family and friends are associated with three types of PA: vigorous and moderate leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and resistance training...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Gaukhar Mergenova, Stacey A Shaw, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Lenore Gensburg, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel
: Migration processes are listed within the primary factors facilitating the heterosexual spread of HIV. The study examines the relationship between social support, sexual HIV risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers from Barakholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan. RESULTS: (1) higher level of perceived social support [Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease (ENRICHD) Social Support Instrument (ESSI score)] was associated with a lower likelihood of having sex with a female sex worker (FSW) [OR = 0...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Daniel P Miller, Jina Chang, Yoonsook Ha, Linda Sprague Martinez
Although research consistently points to higher rates of food insecurity (FI) among children of immigrants (COI), this is the first study to examine longitudinal trajectories of FI for this group. We used growth curve modeling and data from the 1998 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort to compare trajectories of FI for COI and children of U.S.-born parents. After controlling for socioeconomic status and participation in nutrition programs, first- and second-generation COI had significantly higher initial and ongoing rates of FI compared to children of U...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Teresa M Nesman, Ping Xu, Teletia R Taylor, Susan McMillan, Jeffrey P Krischer, Vida L Tyc, Margaret Gross-King, Viki Huegel
This study evaluated whether a self-administered stress management training (SSMT) could improve quality of life (QOL) and reduce distress among Hispanics receiving chemotherapy across multiple community clinical settings. Participants were randomized to receive SSMT (n = 106) or usual care (UCO) (n = 113). The primary outcome-QOL (SF-36) and secondary outcomes depression (CES-D), and anxiety (STAI) were assessed longitudinally over four chemotherapy cycles. Acculturation (BAS) and patients' intervention adherence were assessed...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Yamnia I Cortes, Yue Long, Erida Castro-Rivas, Jianfang Liu
In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a disproportionately large impact on Latino Americans. This study assessed the acceptability of rapid HIV testing among a sample of Latinos from New York City. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 192 participants from The Washington Heights/Inwood Informatics Infrastructure for Community-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research (WICER) study. Participants were interviewed and offered rapid HIV testing and post-test counseling. Seventy-five percent (n = 143) accepted rapid HIV testing when offered...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Charles R Rogers, Patricia Goodson, Ogechi Jessica Obidike
The Male Role Norms, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions associated with Colorectal Cancer Screening (MKAP-CRCS) survey was developed to assess the attitudes, knowledge, male role norms, perceived barriers, and perceived subjective norms associated with screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) among young adult African American men. There is a critical need for exploring the complex factors that may shape attitudes towards CRC screening among men who are younger (i.e., ages 19-45) than those traditionally assessed by clinicians and health promotion researchers (age 50 and older)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Angelo Brandelli Costa, Heitor Tome da Rosa Filho, Paola Fagundes Pase, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Ramiro Figueiredo Catelan, Andressa Mueller, Dhiordan Cardoso, Bianca Soll, Karine Schwarz, Maiko Abel Schneider, Daniel Augusto Mori Gagliotti, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato, Henrique Caetano Nardi, Silvia Helena Koller
Transgender and gender diverse people (TGD) have specific healthcare needs and struggles with access barriers that should be addressed by public health systems. Our study aimed to address this topic in the Brazilian context. A hospital and web-based cross-sectional survey built with input from the medical and transgender communities was developed to assess TGD healthcare needs of and access barriers in two Brazilian states. Although services that assist this population have existed in Brazil since the 1990s, TGD have difficulty accessing these services due to discrimination, lack of information and a policy design that does not meet the needs of TGD...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Teniope A Adewumi-Gunn, Esmeralda Ponce, Nourbese Flint, Wendie Robbins
Black hair-salon workers face serious health hazards from the product they use on clients and other health hazards at their work. Currently there is a significant research gap in understanding the prevalence of workplace related exposures and health outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to gather preliminary data on workplace exposures and health outcomes of hair care workers in South Los Angeles. We conducted 22 surveys of salon workers at 16 salons. The results suggest the need for proper health and safety training within the salon worker community, specifically around chemical hair services...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Hadar Amir, Hanaa Abokaf, Yifat Amir Levy, Foad Azem, Eyal Sheiner
Patients' preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Rachel Meadows, Raheem J Paxton
The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) has been applied in a number of populations because it proposes to overcome limitations from previous health behavior theories. However, it has yet to be applied to cancer survivors or racial/ethnic minorities. In this study, we examined the construct validity of the HAPA phase and stage algorithms in a sample of African American breast cancer survivors. A total of 259 African American breast cancer survivors (mean age = 54 years) participated in a Web-based survey that assessed sociodemographic and medical characteristics, physical activity, and HAPA constructs...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Danielle Horyniak, Miguel Pinedo, Jose Luis Burgos, Victoria D Ojeda
Deported migrants face numerous challenges which may elevate their risk for drug use. We examined relationships between integration and drug use among deported migrants in Tijuana, Mexico. A cross-sectional survey conducted at a free health clinic included 255 deported Mexican-born migrants residing in Tijuana ≥6 months. Multivariable logistic regression examined associations between variables across four integration domains (public participation, social connections, macro-level facilitators and foundations) and recent (past 6-month) drug use...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Catherine A Martin, Usha Gowda, Ben J Smith, Andre M N Renzaho
A systematic review was undertaken to identify lifestyle intervention studies in South Asian migrant populations to determine the effect on the components of the metabolic syndrome. A total of seven studies were identified, of which six focused on educational advice and the seventh on intensive exercise intervention. Four studies were Randomised Controlled Trials of which two studies reported significant reductions in waist circumference. One of these studies focused on home based education with cooperation of the home cook (adjusted waist reduction of 1...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Alsacia L Sepulveda-Pacsi, Suzanne Bakken
There is a paucity of studies centering on the correlates of cancer worry among Hispanics from the Dominican Republic and the potential informatics strategies to address such worries. Data were analyzed using descriptive and correlational statistics, and logistic regression with the dependent variable of cancer worry. Independent variables for the regression were: age, gender, marital status, education, socioeconomic status, previous diagnosis of cancer, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, and chronic burden...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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