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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

Sumithra S Raghavan
The cultural and ethnic landscape of North America is becoming increasingly diverse, with many refugees fleeing torture and persecution and seeking safety in the United States and Canada. In working with this population, clinicians must implement culturally appropriate methods of assessing and treating individuals from diverse backgrounds. Culture can exert a powerful and often misunderstood influence on psychological assessment, and the critical challenge is to account for both subjective experience of the client and the objective symptoms or behaviors present...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Eva-Maria Berens, Lea-Marie Mohwinkel, Sandra van Eckert, Maren Reder, Petra Kolip, Jacob Spallek
Our aim was to provide data regarding uptake of gynecological early detection measures and performance of breast self-examinations among migrant women in Germany. Cross-sectional self-reported data were collected using paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Descriptive analyses, Chi square-tests, and logistic regression were applied. Results were adjusted for educational level. Of 5387 women, 89.9% were autochthonous, 4.1% German resettlers, 2.8% Turkish, 3.1% other migrants. Participation rates regarding cancer screening differed significantly, with the lowest proportion in Turkish migrants (65...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Theodore R Kremer, Kimberly Sutton, Kristen P Kremer
A large proportion of Americans have the opinion that immigrants increase crime. Although past research has not found immigrant status to be associated with criminal behavior, American immigration policy has historically discriminated against certain groups based on their region of birth due to safety concerns. The purpose of the present study was to examine differences in externalizing behavior by immigrant's region of birth. Data was used from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a nationally representative and longitudinal study of 21,260 kindergarteners...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ailian Hei, Melissa A Simon, XinQi Dong
This study aims to examine the association between neighborhood cohesion and cancer screening utilization in a community-dwelling Chinese American older population. Data were drawn from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly including 3159 Chinese American older adults aged 60 and above in the greater Chicago area. Cancer screening utilization was assessed by asking whether participants had undergone colon, breast, cervical, or prostate cancer screening. Neighborhood cohesion was measured through six questions...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
A M Q Wang, E M Yung, N Nitti, Y Shakya, A K M Alamgir, A K Lofters
Mammography and fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) improve the detection, management, and prognosis of breast and colorectal cancer, respectively, but are underperformed in the recent immigrant and refugee population. We aimed to identify barriers to screening and potential solutions in this population. A mixed-methods study involving a retrospective chart review and focus group interviews was conducted, with data analyzed using univariate logistic regression and thematic analysis, respectively. Mammography completion was associated with greater time in Canada (p = 0...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Hazel Lever, Deborah Ottenheimer, Jimmitti Teysir, Elizabeth Singer, Holly G Atkinson
We sought to evaluate the frequency of anxiety, depression, PTSD, and any experiences of violence in women who had undergone Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and were seeking asylum in the United States. We undertook a retrospective qualitative descriptive study of FGM/C cases seen in an asylum clinic over a 2-year period. Standardized questionnaires provided quantitative scores for anxiety, depression and PTSD. Clients' personal and physician medical affidavits were analyzed for experiences of violence...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jane J Lee
Immigrants are at increased risk for late HIV testing; however, there is limited understanding of how migration to the United States shapes HIV testing behaviors. This study examined the relationship between the migration process and HIV testing among Latino immigrants. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted in March and April 2017 with 34 Latino immigrants in New York City. Grounded theory guided analysis of the qualitative data. Results indicated that Latino immigrants experienced cumulative stress and trauma throughout the migration process that contributed to significant emotional and psychological consequences...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ann C Høyvik, Birgit Lie, Andrej M Grjibovski, Tiril Willumsen
The aim was to explore and compare oral health and need for dental treatment in newly arrived refugees from the Middle East and Africa to Norway. Oral examination and structured interviews were performed with attending interpreters. Associations between origin and measures for oral health were studied with multiple linear regression. Half of the refugees (n = 132) reported oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) and mean number of decayed teeth (DT) was 4.3 (SD 3.5). Refugees from the Middle East had more DT (1...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Anna Oda, Michaela Hynie, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
Between November 2015 and January 2017, the Government of Canada resettled over 40,000 Syrian refugees through different sponsorship programs (GAR and PSR). Timely access to healthcare is essential for good health and successful integration. However, refugee support differs depending on sponsorship program, which may lead to differences in healthcare service access and needs. A cross-sectional study with a sample of Syrian refugees was conducted to assess healthcare access, and perceived physical and mental health status...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jihyung Hong
This study examined the relationship among mental health, perceived discrimination and ethnic identity among Korean Chinese (Joseonjok) who have return-migrated to South Korea. A survey was conducted with 399 Joseonjok adults (≥ 19 years) residing in the capital city Seoul or nearby. Depression was measured using the (self-report) Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Korean (CES-D-K) version (n = 292, mean age = 42.6, female = 56.5%). Perceived discrimination and ethnic identity were assessed with single-item questions...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
C R Oladele, Sangita Sharma, Jimin Yang, Elizabeth B Pathak, David Himmelgreen, Getachew Dagne, Wendy Nembhard, Thomas Mason
This study assessed dietary intakes, nutritional composition, and identified commonly eaten foods among Jamaicans in Florida. Dietary intake was assessed among 44 study participants to determine commonly eaten foods and nutrient composition. Weighed recipes were collected and analyzed to determine nutrient composition for traditional foods. Top foods that contributed to macronutrient and micronutrient intake were identified and adherence to dietary recommendations was evaluated. Mean daily energy intake was 2879 (SD 1179) kcal and 2242 (SD 1236) kcal for men and women respectively...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Roxanne Kerani, Masahiro Narita, Lauren Lipira, Meheret Endeshaw, King K Holmes, Matthew R Golden
Research is critical for developing HIV and tuberculosis (TB) programming for U.S. African-born communities, and depends on successful recruitment of African-born people. From January 2014 to June 2016, we recruited African-born people for HIV and TB research in King County, Washington. We compared the characteristics of study participants and the underlying populations of interest, and assessed recruitment strategies. Target enrollment for the HIV study was 167 participants; 51 participants (31%) were enrolled...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Gilbert Gonzales, Reema Dedania, Ryan Driscoll
Sexual minorities and immigrants face unique challenges to accessing health care in the United States. This study used data on nonelderly adults (n = 100,667) from the 2013-2016 National Health Interview Survey. Unadjusted prevalence estimates and multivariable logistic regression models (with and without interactions between immigration and sexual minority status) were used to compare health insurance coverage and access to care by immigration and sexual minority status. We did not find any differences in uninsurance, having a usual source of care, and a recent office visit by sexual orientation for US-born and foreign-born adults...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Florence J Dallo, Julie J Ruterbusch, Jennifer R McCullough, Sruthi Sreedhar, Kendra Schwartz, Elie Mulhem
To estimate and compare the management of diabetes among Arab, Asian, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic Whites attending a large health system in metropolitan Detroit. Data were electronically abstracted for 6622 adult patients with diabetes. Dependent variables were uptake of A1c testing and results, LDL-C testing and results, and eye examination frequency. The independent variable was race/ethnicity. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between Arab Americans and non-Hispanic Whites for each of the dependent variables while controlling for confounders...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Mustafa Khosa, Nizar Bhulani, Ali Ahsan Ali, Jessica Singh, Faisal Khosa, Muazzam Nasrullah
The premise of our study was to identify the 50 most frequently cited articles on the mental and behavioral health of immigrant and refugee populations in the USA using the Thomas Reuters' WOS database. Articles were reviewed for inclusion by a panel comprised of two specialist physicians and a political scientist. Citations ranged from 69 to 520. Almost half of all articles (n = 23) focus on Hispanic populations. 32 articles employed a cross-sectional study design. Sample sizes ranged from 8,000,000 to 20...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Victoria Telle Hjellset, Camilla Ihlebæk
Immigrants from South Asia have higher risks of mental health problems . Low levels of acculturation and self-efficacy may be risk factors for depression and psychological distress in immigrants. 355 Pakistani immigrant women in Oslo, filled out a questionnaire concerning demographic variables, self-efficacy, and psychological distress. A bidimensional acculturation variable was constructed. A stepwise logistic regression model was used to investigate the importance of the level of acculturation and self-efficacy on psychological distress...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Emily Moore, Christina Cordero
Health literacy levels among immigrant populations in Miami-Dade County have yet to be examined. This study investigates perceived health literacy ability and measured health literacy scores among Miami-Dade County immigrants. METHODS: Patients seen in the Refugee Health Assessment Program and Family Planning Program completed a health literacy assessment in November 2016. Participants were immigrants from Spanish-speaking countries who reported living in the U.S. for ≤ 10 years...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Jessica E Murphy, Laura Smock, Jo Hunter-Adams, Ziming Xuan, Jennifer Cochran, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Paul L Geltman
Little is known about the impacts of health literacy and English proficiency on the health status of Somali refugees. Data came from interviews in 2009-2011 of 411 adult Somali refugees recently resettled in Massachusetts. English proficiency, health literacy, and physical and mental health were measured using the Basic English Skills Test Plus, the Short Test of Health Literacy in Adults, and the Physical and Mental Component Summaries of the Short Form-12. Associations were analyzed using multiple linear regression...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Ijeoma Alaeze, Maxine Newell, Mieun Yun, Sungsoo Chun
There is a dearth of obesity study among sub-Saharan African immigrants in Seoul, Korea. We investigated the prevalence and perception of obesity among this population. A cross-sectional study involving 211 immigrants aged 20 years and above from sub-Saharan Africa was carried out, using a structured questionnaire. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m²) was calculated as the primary outcome variable. The overall prevalence of obesity was 27.0% (men 22.6% and women 36.8%). In a logistic regression analysis adjusting for age, obesity was significantly associated with increased duration of residence...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Katherine F Furgurson, Joanne C Sandberg, Fang-Chi Hsu, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury
Latino farmworkers are exposed to a number of carcinogens in the workplace. Cancer survival rates for Latinos are below average. This paper describes Mexican immigrant farmworkers' knowledge of colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer, and compares farmworkers' cancer knowledge to that of other Mexican immigrants. Survey interviews for this study were conducted with 100 farmworkers and 100 non-farmworkers in 2015 in North Carolina as part of an ongoing community-based participatory research project. We found low to moderate levels of knowledge about colorectal, breast, and testicular cancer among farmworkers...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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