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Congenital Heart Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893194/incidence-morphology-and-progression-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-subjects-with-coexisting-congenital-heart-defects
#1
Talha Niaz, Joseph T Poterucha, Jonathan N Johnson, Cecilia Craviari, Thomas Nienaber, Jared Palfreeman, Frank Cetta, Donald J Hagler
BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) occurs both as an isolated cardiac lesion and in association with congenital heart defects (CHD). Their aim was to identify the incidence and morphology of BAV in patients with coexisting CHD and compare their disease progression to patients with isolated BAV. METHODS: The Mayo Clinic echocardiography database was retrospectively analyzed to identify pediatric and young adult patients (≤22 years) who were diagnosed with BAV from 1990 to 2015...
November 28, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893192/serial-cardiac-mris-in-adult-fontan-patients-detect-progressive-hepatic-enlargement-and-congestion
#2
Matthew J Lewis, Elizabeth Hecht, Jonathan Ginns, Joshua Benton, Martin Prince, Marlon S Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: The progression of hepatic disease in adult Fontan patients is not well understood. They reviewed the experience with serial cardiac MRIs (CMR) in adult Fontan patients to determine if hepatic anatomic markers of prolonged Fontan exposure were present and if clinical predictors of progressive hepatic congestion could be identified. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort study of all adult Fontan patients who had undergone at least two CMRs was performed...
November 28, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893189/a-first-population-based-long-term-outcome-study-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-malta
#3
Maryanne Caruana, Victor Grech
OBJECTIVES: To determine overall and reintervention-free survival for repaired Maltese tetralogy of Fallot patients and to investigate the potential impact of gender, age at repair, genetic syndromes, previous palliation, and type of repair on these outcomes. DESIGN: All 130 tetralogy of Fallot patients born before the end of 1997 included in the local database were extracted. Surgical repair type, age at repair and operative survival were analyzed among the 103/130 repaired patients...
November 28, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885832/defining-pediatric-inpatient-cardiology-care-delivery-models-a-survey-of-pediatric-cardiology-programs-in-the-usa-and-canada
#4
Antonio R Mott, Steven R Neish, Melissa Challman, Timothy F Feltes
BACKGROUND: The treatment of children with cardiac disease is one of the most prevalent and costly pediatric inpatient conditions. The design of inpatient medical services for children admitted to and discharged from noncritical cardiology care units, however, is undefined. North American Pediatric Cardiology Programs were surveyed to define noncritical cardiac care unit models in current practice. METHOD: An online survey that explored institutional and functional domains for noncritical cardiac care unit was crafted...
November 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885814/trends-microbiology-and-outcomes-of-infective-endocarditis-in-children-during-2000-2010-in-the-united-states
#5
Shipra Gupta, Ankit Sakhuja, Eric McGrath, Basim Asmar
BACKGROUND: We studied the incidence, trend, underlying conditions, microbiology, and outcomes of infective endocarditis (IE) in children during 11 years using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. This is the largest all-payer inpatient care database in the United States containing data for more than 8 million hospital stays from over 1000 hospitals. METHODS: NIS data from 2000 to 2010 of primary discharge diagnosis of IE in children aged ≤19 years old were studied...
November 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874259/transcatheter-closure-of-calcified-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-older-adult-patients-immediate-and-12-month-follow-up-results
#6
Xinghua Gu, Qiuwang Zhang, Hourong Sun, Jianchun Fei, Xiquan Zhang, Michael J Kutryk
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience in transcatheter closure of calcified patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in older adult patients, which has rarely been reported. PATIENTS: From 2009 to 2014, a total of 16 patients (median age 58 years) with calcified PDA underwent transcatheter closure in our center. All patients were symptomatic with major symptoms being exertional dyspnea (in 12), palpitations (in 8), and fatigue (in 5). A continuous murmur was heard in all patients...
November 22, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874252/pediatric-cardiac-readmissions-an-opportunity-for-quality-improvement
#7
Jeffrey H Sacks, Michael Kelleman, Courtney McCracken, Michelle Glanville, Matthew Oster
OBJECTIVE: Hospital readmissions are increasingly becoming a metric for quality in the current landscape of changing and cost effective medicine. However, no 30-d readmission rates have been established for pediatric cardiac medical patients in the United States. Thus, the objective was to determine 30 d readmission rates and risk factors associated with readmission for pediatric cardiac patients, hypothesizing that pediatric cardiac patients would have significantly higher readmission rates than their general pediatric counterparts...
November 22, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874244/coarctation-repair-normalizes-left-ventricular-function-and-aorto-septal-angle-in-neonates
#8
Haki Jashari, Katarina Lannering, Mats Mellander, Pranvera Ibrahimi, Annika Rydberg, Michael Y Henein
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) have increased left ventricular (LV) afterload that has been shown to impact the LV and ascending aortic function. We aimed to examine the effect of coarctation on LV function and aorto-septal angle (AoSA) before and after surgical repair. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 21 patients with surgically repaired CoA at a median age of 9 (2-53) days at three time points: (1) just before intervention, (2) at short-term follow-up, and (3) at medium-term follow-up after intervention...
November 22, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865060/reducing-variation-in-feeding-newborns-with-congenital-heart-disease
#9
Janet M Simsic, Kirby-Rose Carpenito, Kristin Kirchner, Stephanie Peters, Holly Miller-Tate, Brian Joy, Mark Galantowicz
OBJECTIVE: Enteral feeding is associated with decreased infection rates, decreased mechanical ventilation, decreased hospital length of stay, and improved wound healing. Enteral feeding difficulties are common in congenital heart disease. Our objective was to develop experience-based newborn feeding guidelines for the initiation and advancement of enteral feeding in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit. DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of a quality improvement project...
November 16, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863079/prevalence-and-pattern-of-executive-dysfunction-in-school-age-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Jacqueline H Sanz, Madison M Berl, Anna C Armour, Jichuan Wang, Yao I Cheng, Mary T Donofrio
OBJECTIVE: Executive function, a set of cognitive skills important to social and academic outcomes, is a specific area of cognitive weakness in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). We evaluated the prevalence and profile of executive dysfunction in a heterogeneous sample of school aged children with CHD, examined whether children with executive dysfunction are receiving school services and support, and identified risk factors for executive dysfunction at school age. DESIGN: Ninety-one school aged patients completed questionnaires, including the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and a medical history questionnaire...
November 11, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862979/cerebral-tissue-oxygenation-index-and-lactate-at-24-hours-postoperative-predict-survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-neonatal-cardiac-surgery
#11
Safwat A Aly, David Zurakowski, Penny Glass, Kami Skurow-Todd, Richard A Jonas, Mary T Donofrio
IMPORTANCE: There are no well-established noninvasive biomarkers for identifying patients at risk for poor outcome after surgery for congenital heart disease. Few studies have assessed prognostic accuracy of cerebral tissue oxygenation index (cTOI) measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of noninvasive NIRS monitoring as a predictor of outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery through measurement of cTOI. To examine the utility of noninvasive NIRS monitoring in combination with lactate concentration and inotropic score in prediction of outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery...
November 10, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863016/appropriateness-and-diagnostic-yield-of-inpatient-pediatric-echocardiograms
#12
Sean M Lang, Elijah Bolin, Joshua A Daily, Xinyu Tang, R Thomas Collins
OBJECTIVE: Multiple reports have shown echocardiograms for certain indications are neither cost-effective nor of high diagnostic yield. Given the ease with which tests can be obtained at a tertiary academic children's hospital, our aims were to: (1) determine the diagnostic yield of inpatient studies by in-hospital location; (2) evaluate inpatient echocardiograms to determine indications and level of appropriateness; and (3) evaluate the frequency of cardiology involvement prior to those echocardiograms...
November 8, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813342/effect-of-solute-temperature-in-the-measurement-of-cardiac-output-in-children-using-the-thermodilution-technique
#13
Shyam Sathanandam, Pooja Kashyap, David Zurakowski, Lindsey Bird, Vera McGhee, Jeffrey Towbin, Benjamin Rush Waller
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to compare thermodilution (TD) cardiac index (TDCi) measured by injecting cold saline (C-TDCi) to saline at room temperature (R-TDCi). The secondary aim was to assess the change in body temperature with cold saline injections in children. DESIGN: This is a prospective, case control study. SETTING: Cardiac catheterization lab at Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee. PATIENTS: Eighty-six children ≤18 years of age that underwent cardiac catheterization between April 2013 and April 2015, excluding patients with admixing lesions, on inotropic support and with ejection fraction < 30%...
November 4, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779371/ability-of-noninvasive-criteria-to-predict-hemodynamically-significant-aortic-obstruction-in-adults-with-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#14
Marco Astengo, Caroline Berntsson, Åse A Johnsson, Peter Eriksson, Mikael Dellborg
OBJECTIVE: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a common condition. Adult patients with newly diagnosed CoA and patients with recurring or residual CoA require evaluation of the severity of aortic obstruction. Cardiac catheterization is considered the gold standard for the evaluation of hemodynamically significant CoA. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines for the management of grown-up congenital heart disease (GUCH) include noninvasive criteria for identifying significant CoA...
October 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685952/a-population-based-analysis-of-mortality-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome-and-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-using-the-texas-birth-defects-registry
#15
Diego A Lara, Mary K Ethen, Mark A Canfield, Wendy N Nembhard, Shaine A Morris
BACKGROUND: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is strongly associated with Turner syndrome (TS); outcome data when these conditions coexist is sparse. We aimed to investigate long-term survival and causes of death in this population. METHODS: The Texas Birth Defects Registry was queried for all live born infants with HLHS during 1999-2007. We used Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses to compare survival among patients with HLHS with TS (HLHS/TS+) to patients who had HLHS without genetic disorders or extracardiac birth defects (HLHS/TS-)...
September 29, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666734/use-of-3d-models-of-congenital-heart-disease-as-an-education-tool-for-cardiac-nurses
#16
Giovanni Biglino, Claudio Capelli, Despina Koniordou, Di Robertshaw, Lindsay-Kay Leaver, Silvia Schievano, Andrew M Taylor, Jo Wray
BACKGROUND: Nurse education and training are key to providing congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with consistent high standards of care as well as enabling career progression. One approach for improving educational experience is the use of 3D patient-specific models. OBJECTIVES: To gather pilot data to assess the feasibility of using 3D models of CHD during a training course for cardiac nurses; to evaluate the potential of 3D models in this context, from the nurses' perspective; and to identify possible improvements to optimise their use for teaching...
September 26, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650315/electrocardiographic-early-repolarization-characteristics-and-clinical-presentations-in-the-young-a-benign-finding-or-worrisome-marker-for-arrhythmias
#17
Raya Safa, Ronald Thomas, Peter P Karpawich
BACKGROUND: The early ECG repolarization QRS pattern (ERp), with J-point elevation of 0.1 mV in two contiguous inferior and/or lateral leads, can be associated with ventricular arrhythmias among adults. The significance of an ERp in the young is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of ERp among young patients (pts), describe and correlate the characteristics with clinical presentations and any arrhythmias. METHODS: This was a 1 y retrospective review of ECGs obtained from patients referred specifically for documented arrhythmias, possible arrhythmia-related symptoms or sports clearance...
September 21, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650247/neurocognitive-and-executive-functioning-in-adult-survivors-of-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Leda Klouda, Wayne J Franklin, Anita Saraf, Dhaval R Parekh, David D Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) can affect the developing central nervous system, resulting in neurocognitive and behavioral deficits. Preoperative neurological abnormalities as well as sequelae of the open heart operations required to correct structural abnormalities of the heart contribute to these deficits. There are few studies examining the neurocognitive functioning of adults with CHD. This study sought to investigate multiple domains of neurocognitive functioning in adult survivors of CHD who had childhood cardiac surgery with either moderate or severe disease complexity...
September 21, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907270/a-year-in-pediatric-cardiology-and-the-future
#19
EDITORIAL
Douglas S Moodie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463050/expansion-characteristics-of-stents-used-in-congenital-heart-disease-serial-dilation-offers-improved-expansion-potential-compared-to-direct-dilation-results-from-a-pediatric-interventional-cardiology-early-career-society-pices-investigation
#20
Saar Danon, Robert G Gray, Matthew A Crystal, Gareth Morgan, Daniel H Gruenstein, Bryan H Goldstein, Brent M Gordon
OBJECTIVE: Intravascular stents are now routinely used to treat young patients with vascular stenoses. Future stent redilations are often necessary to account for somatic growth. The purpose of this study was to compile a database of characteristics for stents commonly used in the treatment of congenital heart disease patients, and compare serial dilation to direct dilation to the maximal diameter. DESIGN: A standardized bench testing protocol was established and utilized in the assessment of all stents...
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
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