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International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641480/how-hiv-patients-construct-liveable-identities-in-a-shame-based-culture-the-case-of-singapore
#1
Lai Peng Ho, Esther C L Goh
This article interrogates the mainstream healthcare narrative that frames human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a chronic disease, and triangulates it with the lived experiences of people with HIV in Singapore. It also examines how HIV patients reconstruct their identities after the diagnosis of HIV. Four HIV patients (two males and two females) were interviewed in depth by an experienced medical social worker. Findings revealed that even as the illness trajectory of HIV has shifted from a terminal condition to a chronic one, living with HIV continues to be fraught with difficulty as society, especially in the Asian context, perceives HIV with much fear and disapproval...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639481/supporting-decision-making-by-a-health-promotion-programme-experiences-of-persons-ageing-in-the-context-of-migration
#2
Emmelie Barenfeld, Susanne Gustafsson, Lars Wallin, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628417/motherhood-challenges-and-well-being-along-with-the-studentship-role-among-iranian-women-a-qualitative-study
#3
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Maryam Ordibeheshti Khiaban, Maryam Esmaeili, Mahvash Salsali
This study purposed to explore and describe the experiences of Iranian female students with the role of motherhood. This 2015 qualitative study used purposeful sampling to select 20 student mothers aged 24-50 who were studying at a state or non-state university in an urban area in northwest Iran. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews and analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. Three main themes were developed during data analysis: "simultaneous management", "facilities", and "barriers"...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617094/connecting-with-healthcare-providers-at-diagnosis-adolescent-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives
#4
Celeste R Phillips, Joan E Haase, Marion E Broome, Janet S Carpenter, Richard M Frankel
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are a vulnerable and underserved population. AYAs' cancer survivorship is complicated by physical and psychosocial late effects which requires long-term follow-up. Connectedness with healthcare providers (HCPs) is a protective factor that may improve long-term follow-up behaviours of AYAs. However, little is known about AYAs' experiences connecting with HCPs. The purpose of this study was to describe AYA cancer survivors' experiences connecting with HCPs. This empirical phenomenological study interviewed nine AYA cancer survivors diagnosed during adolescence...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609216/arts-as-an-ecological-method-to-enhance-quality-of-work-experience-of-healthcare-staff-a-phenomenological-hermeneutic-study
#5
Eva Bojner Horwitz, Christina Grape Viding, Elisabeth Rydwik, Ephrat Huss
This paper explores the impact of self-chosen arts-based recreational activities, as opposed to the traditional arts therapy activities, on the well-being of healthcare providers. Three qualitative case studies of programs in which arts-based activities were used to work with healthcare providers, lasting for 10 weeks each, are phenomenological-hermeneutically evaluated using interviews and focus groups. The findings show what we refer to as an "ecological" ripple of effects: (1) the arts-based activities helped to reduce individual stress and to enhance mood over time, (2) the activities helped to transform workplace relationships within wards, and (3) the arts humanized the overall work climate in the healthcare setting...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585483/what-undermines-healthy-habits-with-regard-to-physical-activity-and-food-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#6
Linus Jonsson, Christel Larsson, Christina Berg, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
This study aimed to illuminate factors that undermine the healthy habits of adolescents from a multicultural community with low socioeconomic status (S.E.S.) in Sweden with regard to physical activity (P.A.) and food, as stated in their own voices. Adolescents (n = 53, 12-13 y/o) were recruited from one school situated in a multicultural community characterized by low S.E.S. Embracing an interpretive approach, 10 focus-group interviews were conducted to produce data for the study. The focus-group interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed using qualitative content analysis...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540774/a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-experiences-of-psychotherapists
#7
Charlotte Ytterberg, Charlotte Chruzander, Gunnel Backenroth, Marie Kierkegaard, Gerd Ahlström, Kristina Gottberg
PURPOSE: To investigate how psychotherapists experience using individual, face-to-face cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) aimed at alleviating depressive symptoms in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with three psychotherapists were conducted after CBT with 12 participants with MS, and analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Two main themes emerged: Trusting their expertise as psychotherapists whilst lacking MS-specific knowledge, and The process of exploring the participants' readiness for CBT with modifications of content and delivery...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534665/-i-look-at-my-own-forest-and-fields-in-a-different-way-the-lived-experience-of-nature-based-therapy-in-a-therapy-garden-when-suffering-from-stress-related-illness
#8
Ulrik Sidenius, Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Terese Bondas
Evidence confirms that nature-based therapy (NBT) has a positive effect on people with mental illnesses. However, there is a lack of evidence on the meaning of NBT for specific patient groups. The Nacadia® Therapy Garden was designed according to an evidence-based design process, and an NBT programme was developed. The aim of the study was to illuminate the phenomenon of participants' lived experience of the NBT in Nacadia. Fourteen participants took part in semi-structured interviews (SSIs), and by way of reflective lifeworld research, the SSIs were analysed to identify and describe the meanings of the phenomenon...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452610/active-duty-military-service-members-visual-representations-of-ptsd-and-tbi-in-masks
#9
Melissa S Walker, Girija Kaimal, Adele M L Gonzaga, Katherine A Myers-Coffman, Thomas J DeGraba
Active-duty military service members have a significant risk of sustaining physical and psychological trauma resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within an interdisciplinary treatment approach at the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, service members participated in mask making during art therapy sessions. This study presents an analysis of the mask-making experiences of service members (n = 370) with persistent symptoms from combat- and mission-related TBI, PTSD, and other concurrent mood issues...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452609/supporting-activity-engagement-by-family-carers-at-home-maintenance-of-agency-and-personhood-in-dementia
#10
Pat Yin Fan Chung, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Peter Coleman
An explorative paper to describe how family carers, through the caregiving journey, reaffirm and promote the agency of people with dementia. Agency is an important concept in dementia care and is crucial to the promotion of wellbeing and the delivery of person-centred care. This article is based on one of the key findings of a study that explored family carers' experiences of engaging their relatives in daily activities in domestic settings. Following research governance and ethical approval, 30 in-depth interviews (initial and follow-up) were carried out with 15 resident-carers of people with dementia who were recruited via local community mental health teams...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452608/-we-are-the-soul-pearl-and-beauty-of-hindu-kush-mountains-exploring-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-of-kalasha-an-ethnic-and-religious-minority-group-in-pakistan
#11
Fahad Riaz Choudhry, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Golden, Iram Zehra Bokharey
The Kalasha are a marginalized ethnic and religious minority group in northern Pakistan. The Kalasha minority is known for their divergent polytheistic beliefs, and represents the outliers of the collectively monotheistic Muslim population of Pakistan. This study aimed to explore the psychological resilience beliefs and lived experiences of the Kalasha and to identify cultural protective factors and indigenous beliefs that help them maintain psychological wellbeing and resilience. Seven semi-structured interviews and two focus-group discussions were conducted...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452607/how-do-patients-actually-experience-and-use-art-in-hospitals-the-significance-of-interaction-a-user-oriented-experimental-case-study
#12
Stine L Nielsen, Lars B Fich, Kirsten K Roessler, Michael F Mullins
This article aims to understand patient wellbeing and satisfaction and to qualify the current guidelines for the application of art in hospitals. Employing anthropological methods, we focus on the interactional aspects of art in health interventions. A user-oriented study ranked 20 paintings, followed by an experiment using paintings in the dayroom of five medical wards. Fieldwork was done over a two-week period. During the first week, dayrooms were configured without the presence of art and in the second week were configured with the artworks...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452606/a-phenomenological-understanding-of-residents-emotional-distress-of-living-in-an-environmental-justice-community
#13
Gabriela Dory, Zeyuan Qiu, Christina M Qiu, Mei R Fu, Caitlin E Ryan
Deteriorative environmental conditions in environmental justice (EJ) communities not only post direct health risks such as chronic illnesses, but also cause emotional distress such as anxiety, fear, and anger among residents, which may further exacerbate health risks. This study applies a descriptive phenomenological method to explore and describe the emotional experience of residents living in Ironbound, a known EJ community located in Newark, New Jersey. Twenty-three residents participated in the study. Four essential themes regarding the residents' emotional experiences were elicited from 43 interviews: (1) being worried about the harmful effects of the surrounding pollution; (2) being distressed by the known historical pollution sources; (3) being frustrated by the unheard voices and/or lack of responses; and (4) being angered by the ongoing pollution sources...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452605/icu-nurses-and-physicians-dialogue-regarding-patients-clinical-status-and-care-options-a-focus-group-study
#14
Monica Kvande, Else Lykkeslet, Sissel Lisa Storli
Nurses and physicians work side-by-side in the intensive care unit (ICU). Effective exchanges of patient information are essential to safe patient care in the ICU. Nurses often rate nurse-physician communication lower than physicians and report that it is difficult to speak up, that disagreements are not resolved and that their input is not well received. Therefore, this study explored nurses' dialogue with physicians regarding patients' clinical status and the prerequisites for effective and accurate exchanges of information...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#15
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367700/-if-only-had-i-known-a-qualitative-study-investigating-a-treatment-of-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-with-short-time-stay-in-hospital
#16
Charlotte M Jensen, Anthony C Smith, Soren Overgaard, Uffe Kock Wiil, Jane Clemensen
Hip fractures are amongst the leading causes of admission to an orthopaedic ward. Systematized pathways with reduced admission time have become increasingly common as an essential tool for quality development and to improve efficiency in the hospital setting.  The aim of this study was to clarify if the patients feel empowered and able to perform self-care after short time stay in hospital (STSH) due to a hip fracture. The study used descriptive phenomenology to describe experiences of the pathway. Field studies were conducted in hospitals and in the patients' homes...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367697/life-lessons-after-classes-investigating-the-influence-of-an-afterschool-sport-program-on-adolescents-life-skills-development
#17
Okseon Lee, Mirim Park, Kyunghwan Jang, Yongnam Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an afterschool sport program on adolescents' life skills development and to identify which characteristics of the program would have an influence on their life skills acquisition. The participants were six children (4 boys, 2 girls) who participated in a 12-week afterschool program implemented in two elementary schools, as well as the two program instructors who implemented the afterschool sport program. Data were collected from individual interviews with program participants and instructors...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245364/to-be-present-share-and-nurture-a-lifeworld-phenomenological-study-of-relatives-participation-in-the-suicidal-person-s-recovery
#18
Linda Sellin, Margareta Asp, Tomas Kumlin, Tuula Wallsten, Lena Wiklund Gustin
In today's health care, participation is acknowledged as important. However, there is limited research on how relatives of patients at risk of suicide experience their opportunities to participate in care during periods when their close ones are subject to inpatient care. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of participation, as experienced by relatives of persons who are subject to inpatient psychiatric care due to a risk of suicide. The study was conducted through a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach, based on phenomenological philosophy...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140776/mapping-the-social-determinants-of-substance-use-for-pregnant-involved-young-aboriginal-women
#19
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Donna L M Kurtz, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal, And For The Cedar Project Partnership
There is a dearth of knowledge about the social determinants of substance use among young pregnant-involved Indigenous women in Canada from their perspectives. As part of life history interviews, 17 young pregnant-involved Indigenous women with experiences with substances completed a participant-generated mapping activity CIRCLES (Charting Intersectional Relationships in the Context of Life Experiences with Substances). As women created their maps, they discussed how different social determinants impacted their experiences with pregnancy and substance use...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532333/interpreting-the-inner-world-of-adhd-children-psychoanalytic-perspectives
#20
Björn Salomonsson
ADHD is increasingly seen as associated with cerebral dysfunction and caused by it. This development is concomitant with an emphasis on medication, behavioural treatments, and parent training programmes. In contrast, psychoanalytic therapy has receded into the background and is often viewed as inefficient or even noxious. This paper argues that such views are based on a misunderstanding of the scope of psychotherapy. Though much more systematic research is needed to establish its efficacy, it can inform on the ADHD child's emotional experiences...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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