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International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534665/-i-look-at-my-own-forest-and-fields-in-a-different-way-the-lived-experience-of-nature-based-therapy-in-a-therapy-garden-when-suffering-from-stress-related-illness
#1
Ulrik Sidenius, Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Dorthe Varning Poulsen, Terese Bondas
Evidence confirms that nature-based therapy (NBT) has a positive effect on people with mental illnesses. However, there is a lack of evidence on the meaning of NBT for specific patient groups. The Nacadia® Therapy Garden was designed according to an evidence-based design process, and an NBT programme was developed. The aim of the study was to illuminate the phenomenon of participants' lived experience of the NBT in Nacadia. Fourteen participants took part in semi-structured interviews (SSIs), and by way of reflective lifeworld research, the SSIs were analysed to identify and describe the meanings of the phenomenon...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452610/active-duty-military-service-members-visual-representations-of-ptsd-and-tbi-in-masks
#2
Melissa S Walker, Girija Kaimal, Adele M L Gonzaga, Katherine A Myers-Coffman, Thomas J DeGraba
Active-duty military service members have a significant risk of sustaining physical and psychological trauma resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within an interdisciplinary treatment approach at the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, service members participated in mask making during art therapy sessions. This study presents an analysis of the mask-making experiences of service members (n = 370) with persistent symptoms from combat- and mission-related TBI, PTSD, and other concurrent mood issues...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452609/supporting-activity-engagement-by-family-carers-at-home-maintenance-of-agency-and-personhood-in-dementia
#3
Pat Yin Fan Chung, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Peter Coleman
An explorative paper to describe how family carers, through the caregiving journey, reaffirm and promote the agency of people with dementia. Agency is an important concept in dementia care and is crucial to the promotion of wellbeing and the delivery of person-centred care. This article is based on one of the key findings of a study that explored family carers' experiences of engaging their relatives in daily activities in domestic settings. Following research governance and ethical approval, 30 in-depth interviews (initial and follow-up) were carried out with 15 resident-carers of people with dementia who were recruited via local community mental health teams...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452608/-we-are-the-soul-pearl-and-beauty-of-hindu-kush-mountains-exploring-resilience-and-psychological-wellbeing-of-kalasha-an-ethnic-and-religious-minority-group-in-pakistan
#4
Fahad Riaz Choudhry, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen Golden, Iram Zehra Bokharey
The Kalasha are a marginalized ethnic and religious minority group in northern Pakistan. The Kalasha minority is known for their divergent polytheistic beliefs, and represents the outliers of the collectively monotheistic Muslim population of Pakistan. This study aimed to explore the psychological resilience beliefs and lived experiences of the Kalasha and to identify cultural protective factors and indigenous beliefs that help them maintain psychological wellbeing and resilience. Seven semi-structured interviews and two focus-group discussions were conducted...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452607/how-do-patients-actually-experience-and-use-art-in-hospitals-the-significance-of-interaction-a-user-oriented-experimental-case-study
#5
Stine L Nielsen, Lars B Fich, Kirsten K Roessler, Michael F Mullins
This article aims to understand patient wellbeing and satisfaction and to qualify the current guidelines for the application of art in hospitals. Employing anthropological methods, we focus on the interactional aspects of art in health interventions. A user-oriented study ranked 20 paintings, followed by an experiment using paintings in the dayroom of five medical wards. Fieldwork was done over a two-week period. During the first week, dayrooms were configured without the presence of art and in the second week were configured with the artworks...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452606/a-phenomenological-understanding-of-residents-emotional-distress-of-living-in-an-environmental-justice-community
#6
Gabriela Dory, Zeyuan Qiu, Christina M Qiu, Mei R Fu, Caitlin E Ryan
Deteriorative environmental conditions in environmental justice (EJ) communities not only post direct health risks such as chronic illnesses, but also cause emotional distress such as anxiety, fear, and anger among residents, which may further exacerbate health risks. This study applies a descriptive phenomenological method to explore and describe the emotional experience of residents living in Ironbound, a known EJ community located in Newark, New Jersey. Twenty-three residents participated in the study. Four essential themes regarding the residents' emotional experiences were elicited from 43 interviews: (1) being worried about the harmful effects of the surrounding pollution; (2) being distressed by the known historical pollution sources; (3) being frustrated by the unheard voices and/or lack of responses; and (4) being angered by the ongoing pollution sources...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452605/icu-nurses-and-physicians-dialogue-regarding-patients-clinical-status-and-care-options-a-focus-group-study
#7
Monica Kvande, Else Lykkeslet, Sissel Lisa Storli
Nurses and physicians work side-by-side in the intensive care unit (ICU). Effective exchanges of patient information are essential to safe patient care in the ICU. Nurses often rate nurse-physician communication lower than physicians and report that it is difficult to speak up, that disagreements are not resolved and that their input is not well received. Therefore, this study explored nurses' dialogue with physicians regarding patients' clinical status and the prerequisites for effective and accurate exchanges of information...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418818/-it-is-not-the-diet-it-is-the-mental-part-we-need-help-with-a-multilevel-analysis-of-psychological-emotional-and-social-well-being-in-obesity
#8
Kathryn Rand, Michael Vallis, Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Laurene Rehman, Sara F L Kirk
In this research, we explored the psychological, emotional, and social experiences of individuals living with obesity, and perceptions of health care providers. We conducted a theoretical thematic analysis using two theoretical frameworks applied to transcripts from a previous qualitative study. Themes from a mental well-being framework were subsequently categorized under five environmental levels of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Key mental well-being themes appeared across all levels of the SEM, except the policy level...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367700/-if-only-had-i-known-a-qualitative-study-investigating-a-treatment-of-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-with-short-time-stay-in-hospital
#9
Charlotte M Jensen, Anthony C Smith, Soren Overgaard, Uffe Kock Wiil, Jane Clemensen
Hip fractures are amongst the leading causes of admission to an orthopaedic ward. Systematized pathways with reduced admission time have become increasingly common as an essential tool for quality development and to improve efficiency in the hospital setting.  The aim of this study was to clarify if the patients feel empowered and able to perform self-care after short time stay in hospital (STSH) due to a hip fracture. The study used descriptive phenomenology to describe experiences of the pathway. Field studies were conducted in hospitals and in the patients' homes...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367697/life-lessons-after-classes-investigating-the-influence-of-an-afterschool-sport-program-on-adolescents-life-skills-development
#10
Okseon Lee, Mirim Park, Kyunghwan Jang, Yongnam Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of an afterschool sport program on adolescents' life skills development and to identify which characteristics of the program would have an influence on their life skills acquisition. The participants were six children (4 boys, 2 girls) who participated in a 12-week afterschool program implemented in two elementary schools, as well as the two program instructors who implemented the afterschool sport program. Data were collected from individual interviews with program participants and instructors...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245364/to-be-present-share-and-nurture-a-lifeworld-phenomenological-study-of-relatives-participation-in-the-suicidal-person-s-recovery
#11
Linda Sellin, Margareta Asp, Tomas Kumlin, Tuula Wallsten, Lena Wiklund Gustin
In today's health care, participation is acknowledged as important. However, there is limited research on how relatives of patients at risk of suicide experience their opportunities to participate in care during periods when their close ones are subject to inpatient care. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of participation, as experienced by relatives of persons who are subject to inpatient psychiatric care due to a risk of suicide. The study was conducted through a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach, based on phenomenological philosophy...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140776/mapping-the-social-determinants-of-substance-use-for-pregnant-involved-young-aboriginal-women
#12
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Donna L M Kurtz, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal, And For The Cedar Project Partnership
There is a dearth of knowledge about the social determinants of substance use among young pregnant-involved Indigenous women in Canada from their perspectives. As part of life history interviews, 17 young pregnant-involved Indigenous women with experiences with substances completed a participant-generated mapping activity CIRCLES (Charting Intersectional Relationships in the Context of Life Experiences with Substances). As women created their maps, they discussed how different social determinants impacted their experiences with pregnancy and substance use...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532333/interpreting-the-inner-world-of-adhd-children-psychoanalytic-perspectives
#13
Björn Salomonsson
ADHD is increasingly seen as associated with cerebral dysfunction and caused by it. This development is concomitant with an emphasis on medication, behavioural treatments, and parent training programmes. In contrast, psychoanalytic therapy has receded into the background and is often viewed as inefficient or even noxious. This paper argues that such views are based on a misunderstanding of the scope of psychotherapy. Though much more systematic research is needed to establish its efficacy, it can inform on the ADHD child's emotional experiences...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532332/foreword
#14
Robert Whitaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532331/is-restlessness-best-understood-as-a-process-reflecting-on-four-boys-restlessness-during-music-therapy-in-kindergarten
#15
Anna Helle-Valle, Per-Einar Binder, Norman Anderssen, Brynjulf Stige
ADHD can be considered an internationally recognized framework for understanding children's restlessness. In this context, children's restlessness is understood as a symptom of neurodevelopmental disorder. However, there are other possible understandings of children's restlessness. In this article, we explore four boys' collaborative and creative process as it is described and understood by three adults. The process is framed by a community music therapy project in a Norwegian kindergarten, and we describe four interrelated phases of this process: Exploring musical vitality and cooperation, Consolidating positions, Performing together, and Discovering ripple effects...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532330/how-french-media-have-portrayed-adhd-to-the-lay-public-and-to-social-workers
#16
Sébastien Ponnou, François Gonon
Two models of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) coexist: the biomedical and the psychosocial. We identified in nine French newspapers 159 articles giving facts and opinions about ADHD from 1995 to 2015. We classified them according to the model they mainly supported and on the basis of what argument. Two thirds (104/159) mainly supported the biomedical model. The others either defended the psychodynamic understanding of ADHD or voiced both models. Neurological dysfunctions and genetic risk factors were mentioned in support of the biomedical model in only 26 and eight articles, respectively...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532329/adhd-a-critical-update-for-educational-professionals
#17
Sanne Te Meerman, Laura Batstra, Hans Grietens, Allen Frances
A medical approach towards behavioural problems could make professionals without a medical background, like teachers and other educational professionals feel inapt. In this article, we raise six scientifically grounded considerations regarding ADHD, currently the most prevalent childhood psychiatric diagnosis. These "need to knows" show just how misguided and potentially stigmatizing current conceptualizations of unruly behaviour have become. Some examples are given of how teachers are misinformed, and alternative ways of reporting about neuropsychological research are suggested...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532328/pharmaceutical-entanglements-an-analysis-of-the-multiple-determinants-of-adhd-medication-effects-in-a-chilean-school
#18
Sebastian Rojas Navarro, Scott Vrecko
This article draws upon findings from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in a Chilean school to explore how the effects of globally circulating ADHD medications emerge within the localized contexts of everyday users. An analysis of observations of children on ADHD medications within classroom settings is developed which challenges the assumption, pervasive within biomedical paradigms, that the effects of such medications can be understood as resulting directly from their chemical properties and biological modes of action...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532327/heroic-struggles-criminals-and-scientific-breakthroughs-adhd-and-the-medicalization-of-child-behaviour-in-australian-newsprint-media-1999-2009
#19
Valerie Harwood, Sandra Jones, Andrew Bonney, Samantha McMahon
There is a dearth of scholarly analysis and critique of the Australian newsprint media's role in the medicalization of child behaviour. To begin to redress this lack this paper analyses newsprint media's use of metaphors that re/describe and construct realities of ADHD with a medicalizing effect. The interdisciplinary team used the Factiva(TM) database to locate and review 453 articles published in Australian national and metropolitan newspapers during the decade 1999-2009. Data analysis involved generating statistical descriptions of the dataset according to attributes such as: date, state, newspaper titles and author names...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532326/a-biased-adhd-discourse-ignores-human-uniqueness
#20
S I Erlandsson, E Punzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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