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Global Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816610/tobacco-control-law-implementation-in-a-middle-income-country-transnational-tobacco-control-network-overcoming-tobacco-industry-opposition-in-colombia
#1
Randy Uang, Eric Crosbie, Stanton A Glantz
The objective of this paper is to examine the implementation of Colombia's tobacco control law. Methods involved are triangulated government legislation, news sources, and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Colombia. Colombia, a middle-income country, passed a tobacco control law in 2009 that included a prohibition on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship; and required pictorial health warning labels, ingredients disclosure, and a prohibition on individual cigarette sales. Tobacco companies challenged the implementation through litigation, tested government enforcement of advertising provisions and regulations on ingredients disclosure, and lobbied local governments to deprioritise policy responses to single cigarette sales...
August 17, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793832/-i-was-thinking-we-would-be-spoon-fed-community-co-researchers-perceptions-of-individual-empowerment-in-participatory-health-research-in-swaziland
#2
Michelle Brear
Empowerment is an influential concept in global public health. Current theoretical models, which were developed in resource-rich countries, conceptualise individual-level empowerment as a process (or outcome) of developing positive self-perceptions, critical thinking expertise and new behaviours. They neglect the social and structural aspects that were central to early conceptualisations of empowerment, and may be culturally biased. My aim was to elucidate lay-people in Swaziland's perspectives about individual-level empowerment...
August 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793809/-these-people-who-dig-roots-in-the-forests-cannot-treat-hiv-women-and-men-in-durban-south-africa-reflect-on-traditional-medicine-and-antiretroviral-drugs
#3
Amy Weintraub, Joanne E Mantell, Kelsey Holt, Renée A Street, Catriona Wilkey, Suraya Dawad, Tsitsi B Masvawure, Susie Hoffman
Relatively few empirical investigations of the intersection of HIV biomedical and traditional medicine have been undertaken. As part of preliminary work for a longitudinal study investigating health-seeking behaviours among newly diagnosed individuals living with HIV, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 24 urban South Africans presenting for HIV testing or newly enrolled in HIV care; here we explored participants' views on African traditional medicine (TM) and biomedical HIV treatment. Notions of acceptance/non-acceptance were more nuanced than dichotomous, with participants expressing views ranging from favourable to reproachful, often referring to stories they had heard from others rather than drawing from personal experience...
August 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786324/-exotic-no-more-tuberculosis-public-debt-and-global-health-in-berlin
#4
Janina Kehr
Geographical divisions between North and South are coming increasingly undone in the field of global health. Settings in the global North, such as Berlin, are becoming linked up to those in the global South in manifold ways. In this article, I show through discourse analysis and ethnographic research how tuberculosis and its meanings have been transfigured in Western Europe through the worldwide circulation of the disease and its definition as a global health epidemic returning to the North from the South through global migration routes...
August 8, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776485/evidence-based-feedback-about-emotional-cancer-challenges-experienced-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis-of-316-photovoice-interviews
#5
Lynn Barbara Edwards, Linda Estelle Greeff
This study aims to offer evidence-based feedback about the emotional challenges of cancer in South Africa. The action research photovoice methodology was used to capture accounts of cancer-related challenges via 316 face-to-face interviews with cancer patients and family members (n = 286), and oncology support and medical staff (n = 30). The photovoice contributions constituted qualitative data that were analysed according to inductive thematic analysis whereby nine themes of cancer challenges were identified and photovoice images were descriptively summarised from a phenomenological perspective...
August 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776481/tobacco-cessation-in-vietnam-exploring-the-role-of-village-health-workers
#6
Nam Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Jessica Chapman, Linh Nguyen, Pritika Kumar, Nancy VanDevanter, Donna Shelley
The purpose of this study was to explore current tobacco use treatment (TUT) practice patterns, and attitudes and beliefs among Village Health Workers (VHWs) about expanding their role to include delivering smoking cessation interventions and the perceived barriers. We conducted a survey of 449 VHWs from 26 communes in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam. We assessed TUT practice patterns including asking about tobacco use, advising smokers to quit, offering assistance (3As) and attitudes, self-efficacy, and norms related to TUT...
August 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766377/stigma-towards-mental-illness-and-substance-use-issues-in-primary-health-care-challenges-and-opportunities-for-latin-america
#7
Jaime C Sapag, Brena F Sena, Inés V Bustamante, Sireesha J Bobbili, Paola R Velasco, Franco Mascayano, Rubén Alvarado, Akwatu Khenti
Stigma towards mental illness and addictive disorders is a global problem and one of the main obstacles in tackling this issue remains the effective integration of mental health services into primary health care (PHC). In Latin America, information has significantly increased on the existence of stigma; however, little is known about effective interventions to prevent stigma and promote recovery-oriented practices in PHC. The aim of this study is to understand the existing evidence regarding mental health stigma in PHC with a special focus on the Latin American region...
August 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766376/the-association-of-minimum-wage-change-on-child-nutritional-status-in-lmics-a-quasi-experimental-multi-country-study
#8
Ninez Ponce, Riti Shimkhada, Amy Raub, Adel Daoud, Arijit Nandi, Linda Richter, Jody Heymann
There is recognition that social protection policies such as raising the minimum wage can favourably impact health, but little evidence links minimum wage increases to child health outcomes. We used multi-year data (2003-2012) on national minimum wages linked to individual-level data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 23 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that had least two DHS surveys to establish pre- and post-observation periods. Over a pre- and post-interval ranging from 4 to 8 years, we examined minimum wage growth and four nutritional status outcomes among children under 5 years: stunting, wasting, underweight, and anthropometric failure...
August 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730874/abortion-politics-in-cambodia-social-history-local-forms-and-transnational-issues
#9
Pascale Hancart Petitet
Cambodia's current abortion rate and ratio could be among the highest in Southeast Asia. In 1997, the Cambodian parliament passed the first law regulating abortions. This law was adopted to contribute to reduce the high maternal mortality ratio, as a significant number of maternal deaths were believed to be related to complications of unsafe abortion. A decade later, the Ministry of Health had not yet established medical protocols for safe abortion access and women often continued to induce their own terminations or seek unsafe services...
July 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705073/re-visioning-evidence-reflections-on-the-recent-controversy-around-gender-selective-abortion-in-the-uk
#10
Maya Unnithan, Sylvie Dubuc
Reports in the British media over the last 4 years have highlighted the schisms and contestations that have accompanied the reports of gender selective abortions amongst British Asian families. The position that sex-selection may be within the terms of the 1967 Abortion Act has particularly sparked controversy amongst abortion campaigners and politicians but equally among medical practitioners and the British Pregnancy Advisory Service who have hitherto tended to stay clear of such debates. In what ways has the controversy around gender-based abortion led to new framings of the entitlement to service provision and new ways of thinking about evidence in the context of reproductive rights? We reflect on these issues drawing on critiques of what constitutes best evidence, contested notions of reproductive rights and reproductive governance, comparative work in India and China as well as our involvement with different groups of campaigners including British South Asian NGOs...
July 14, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691572/using-systems-thinking-to-train-future-leaders-in-global-health
#11
Anne Paxton, Laura J Frost
Systems Thinking provides a useful set of concepts and tools that can be used to train students to be effective and innovative global health leaders in an ever-changing and often chaotic world. This paper describes an experiential, multi-disciplinary curriculum that uses Systems Thinking to frame and analyse global health policies and practices. The curriculum uses case studies and hands-on activities to deepen students' understanding of the following concepts: complex adaptive systems, dynamic complexity, inter-relationships, feedback loops, policy resistance, mental models, boundary critique, leverage points, and multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral, and multi-stakeholder thinking and action...
July 9, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670971/international-clinical-volunteering-in-tanzania-a-postcolonial-analysis-of-a-global-health-business
#12
Noelle Sullivan
This article traces how scarcities characteristic of health systems in low-income countries (LICs), and increasing popular interest in Global Health, have inadvertently contributed to the popularisation of a specific Global Health business: international clinical volunteering through private volunteer placement organisations (VPOs). VPOs market neglected health facilities as sites where foreigners can 'make a difference', regardless of their skill set. Drawing on online investigation and ethnographic research in Tanzania over four field seasons from 2011 to 2015, including qualitative interviews with 41 foreign volunteers and 90 Tanzanian health workers, this article offers a postcolonial analysis of VPO marketing and volunteer action in health facilities of LICs...
July 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659069/hiv-aids-discourses-in-kyrgyzstan-s-policy-arena
#13
Svetlana Ancker, Martin McKee, Bernd Rechel
This article explores the major discourses on HIV/AIDS in the policy arena in Kyrgyzstan, a former Soviet country in Central Asia that has experienced a rapid rise in HIV infections since the early 2000s. Based on an analysis of policy documents and 54 semi-structured in-depth interviews with key stakeholders in the area of HIV/AIDS policies in Kyrgyzstan, we distinguish a number of key discourses, competing for legitimacy and authority. While some of these discourses have been used in other countries (such as those presenting HIV/AIDS as a biomedical, social or moral issue), others are more specific to Kyrgyzstan (such as a discourse presenting the country as a regional pioneer in HIV/AIDS prevention efforts)...
June 28, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648109/a-multi-level-examination-of-the-experiences-of-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-along-the-continuum-of-care-in-the-dominican-republic
#14
Rose Zulliger, Caitlin Kennedy, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
Female sex workers (FSWs) are disproportionately affected by HIV, but there is limited research on their HIV care experiences. This study explored the experiences of 44 FSWs living with HIV in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic along the HIV care continuum using in-depth interviews and focus groups. Data were analysed through narrative and thematic analysis. Individual-level factors that facilitated engagement in HIV care were physical and mental health. At the interpersonal level, disclosure of HIV or sex work status and receipt of emotional and economic support were important influences on engagement...
June 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649920/could-the-who-s-framework-on-engagement-with-non-state-actors-fensa-be-a-threat-to-tackling-childhood-obesity
#15
Akram Khayatzadeh-Mahani, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635443/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631983/-worse-than-hiv-the-logics-of-cancer-screening-avoidance-in-swaziland
#17
Nomthandazo Malambo, Susan Erikson
This article shows the consequences of competing global health agendas within differential clinical and social worlds. Specifically, it examines how HIV's prominence in local clinical programming in Swaziland influences cervical cancer screening rates. Drawing on 2014 ethnographic research conducted in a semi-urban town in Swaziland, the interview and participant observation data show the relative scarcity of cervical cancer care and the consequences of HIV/AIDS funding and programming dominance. 20 women and 7 health workers were interviewed in homes, clinics and small businesses...
June 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609224/towards-a-poststructural-understanding-of-abortion-and-social-class-in-england
#18
Gillian Love
Despite previous research suggesting that social class influences experiences of and attitudes to abortion, there is a dearth of research which studies the intersection of abortion and social class in England. Across the UK, abortion rates and experiences differ by region and socio-economic status, reflecting broader health inequalities. Contemporary austerity in the UK creates an imperative for new research which contextualises the experience of abortion within this socio-historical moment, and the worsening inequalities which have accompanied it...
June 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604245/state-of-the-art-or-the-art-of-medicine-transnational-mobility-and-perceptions-of-multiple-biomedicines-among-nigerian-physicians-in-the-u-s
#19
Judith Schühle
Over the last 40 years, several thousand Nigerian-trained doctors have migrated to the U.S. to practice in what they regard as the state-of-the-art of global biomedicine. Based on interviews with Nigerian physicians, this article shows how their professional mobility, and their transition to the new professional environment of U.S. biomedicine, makes them aware of local differences in practicing medicine. Adapting to local ways of practicing in the U.S. creates a new sense of belonging and professional identity...
June 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604240/the-influence-of-social-constructs-of-hegemonic-masculinity-and-sexual-behaviour-on-acceptability-of-vaginal-microbicides-in-zambia
#20
Oliver Mweemba, Rachael Dixey, Virginia Bond, Alan White
Vaginal microbicides are heralded as a woman's HIV prevention method. This study, conducted in a microbicide clinical trial setting in Zambia, explored how the social construction of masculinity and sexual behaviour influenced the acceptability of vaginal microbicides. The data were generated from 18 In-depth Interviews and 8 Focus Group Discussions. The data were analysed thematically. The study found that hegemonic masculinity influenced the use of vaginal microbicides positively and negatively, in multiple ways including: decision to initiate gel use, autonomous use of the gel, and consistent use of the gel...
June 12, 2017: Global Public Health
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