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Global Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#1
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158954/abortion-in-tunisia-after-the-revolution-bringing-a-new-morality-into-the-old-reproductive-order
#2
Irene Maffi
The emergence of Islamist movements and religious symbolic repertoires in the aftermath of the Tunisian revolution has elicited the political, moral, and practical contestation of women's right to abortion. While, after several heated debates, the law was eventually not modified, several practitioners working in government family planning clinics have changed their behaviour preventing women getting abortions. Pre-existing state and medical logics, political uncertainties, and new religious and moralising discourses have determined abortion practices in the government health-care facilities generating unequal treatments according to women's marital status, class, and education...
February 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125930/from-coastal-to-global-the-transnational-flow-of-ayurveda-and-its-relevance-for-indo-african-linkages
#3
Caroline Meier Zu Biesen
Driven by long-standing ties with India, and intertwined with global market interests, a growing influx of materia medica from South Asia is currently emerging in East Africa. To compete at a global level and framed within the language of 'South-South cooperation for mutual benefit', India presents itself as an appropriate exporter of medical products suitable for African clientele. The expansion of India's medical sector into Africa is particularly relevant for Ayurvedic pharmaceuticals. Ayurveda's diaspora into Africa exemplifies the emergence of new health interventions and medical assemblages in a transnationally interconnected world and implies innovative coalitions involved in the complex promotion of local/Global Health industries...
January 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114853/household-environmental-health-hazards-effect-on-under-five-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa-what-can-we-learn-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey
#4
Vissého Adjiwanou, Alehegn Worku Engdaw
Household environmental health hazards or simply household health hazards (HHH) are pathogens and chemicals in the household that can cause health problems. In this study, we assess their effect on under-five mortality (U5MR) in 12 sub-Saharan African countries, using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Referring to the principal component analysis approach, we measure the HHH by the following indicators: source of water and its location, type of toilet facility, flooring material, type of wall, type of roof and type of cooking fuel...
January 23, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#5
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100107/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081659/network-of-ethical-relationships-model-for-global-north-south-population-health-research
#7
Karen Morrison, Sandra Tomsons, Angela Gomez, Martin Forde
Although a substantial body of literature exists that details how to address ethical issues and provide oversight for traditional research study designs, there currently is very little guidance available to researchers on how to deal with the unique and novel challenges that arise when conducting research that goes outside of these well-defined boundaries. One such example is North-South (N-S) team-based global population health (GPH) research. This paper presents a Network of Ethical Relationships (NER) model which can allow GPH researchers better understand and resolve ethical issues that arise in N-S collaborative research efforts...
January 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068888/the-georgetown-symposium-on-global-mental-health-transdisciplinary-perspectives
#8
Emily Mendenhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068886/expertise-or-ideology-a-response-to-morris-et-al-2016-circumcision-is-a-primary-preventive-against-hiv-infection-critique-of-a-contrary-meta-regression-analysis-by-van-howe
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032523/hiv-status-fertility-intentions-and-contraception-in-the-era-of-expanded-access-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-case-study-of-rural-mozambique
#10
Victor Agadjanian, Sarah R Hayford
Provision of effective contraception to HIV-positive women of reproductive age is critical to effective management of HIV infection and prevention of both vertical and horizontal HIV transmission in developing countries. This exploratory retrospective study examines contraceptive use during the prolonged post-partum period in a sample of 285 HIV-positive and HIV-negative women who gave birth at four rural maternity clinics in a high HIV-prevalence region in Mozambique. Multivariate analyses show no significant variations by HIV status in contraceptive timing (mean time to first contraceptive use of 7...
December 29, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002984/corrigendum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892826/assessing-factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-adolescents-in-malawi
#12
Paul Mkandawire
Despite being at high risk of HIV/AIDS, most young people do not know their HIV status. Using survey data (n = 2428) and applying multilevel models, this paper assesses factors associated with HIV testing among adolescents in Northern Malawi. The results show that among both boys (OR = 0.39) and girls (OR = 0.47), orphan status is associated with low likelihood of HIV testing. Correct knowledge about HIV/AIDS (OR = 2.55) and having secondary education (OR = 3.24) are associated with HIV testing among boys and girls, respectively...
November 28, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139967/the-globalisation-strategies-of-five-asian-tobacco-companies-a-comparative-analysis-and-implications-for-global-health-governance
#13
Kelley Lee, Jappe Eckhardt
The global tobacco industry, from the 1960s to mid 1990s, saw consolidation and eventual domination by a small number of transnational tobacco companies (TTC). This paper draws together comparative analysis of five case studies in the special issue on 'The Emergence of Asian Tobacco Companies: Implications for Global Health Governance.' The cases suggest that tobacco industry globalisation is undergoing a new phase, beginning in the late 1990s, with the adoption of global business strategies by five Asian companies...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139966/japan-tobacco-international-to-be-the-most-successful-and-respected-tobacco-company-in-the-world
#14
Ross MacKenzie, Jappe Eckhardt, Ade Widyati Prastyani
Japan Tobacco International (JTI) is the international division of Japan Tobacco Incorporated, and the world's third largest transnational tobacco company. Founded in 1999, JTI's rapid growth has been the result of a global business strategy that potentially serves as a model for other Asian tobacco companies. This paper analyses Japan Tobacco Incorporated's global expansion since the 1980s in response to market opening, foreign competition, and declining share of a contracting domestic market. Key features of its global strategy include the on-going central role and investment by the Japanese government, and an expansion agenda based on mergers and acquisitions...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139965/-preparing-ourselves-to-become-an-international-organization-thailand-tobacco-monopoly-s-regional-and-global-strategies
#15
Ross MacKenzie, Hana Ross, Kelley Lee
The Thailand Tobacco Monopoly (TTM) controlled the country's tobacco industry from its formation in the 1940s, until the government dropped restrictions on imported cigarettes in the late 1980s in response to pressure from the United States. The TTM has since competed with transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) in a semi-monopoly market in which TTCs have steadily increased their market share. Coupled with a decline in national smoking prevalence, the result of Thailand's stringent tobacco control agenda, the TTM now accounts for a diminishing share of a contracting market...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139964/the-taiwan-tobacco-and-liquor-corporation-to-join-the-ranks-of-global-companies
#16
Jappe Eckhardt, Jennifer Fang, Kelley Lee
Until the late 1990s, the Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corporation (TTL) focused almost exclusively on serving the domestic market as a highly protected monopoly. This paper describes how the company has adopted a more outward looking strategy since 2000, with ambitions to become a regional, and eventually global, business by 2021. Drawing on company documents and industry sources, the paper argues that this shift in strategy was a direct reaction to the decline in domestic market share following liberalisation of the Taiwanese tobacco market and adoption of tougher domestic tobacco control measures...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139963/kt-g-from-korean-monopoly-to-a-global-name-in-the-tobacco-industry
#17
Kelley Lee, Lucy Gong, Jappe Eckhardt, Chris Holden, Sungkyu Lee
Until the late 1980s, the former South Korean tobacco monopoly KT&G was focused on the protected domestic market. The opening of the market to foreign competition, under pressure from the U.S. Trade Representative, led to a steady erosion of market share over the next 10 years. Drawing on company documents and industry sources, this paper examines the adaptation of KT&G to the globalization of the South Korean tobacco industry since the 1990s. It is argued that KT&G has shifted from a domestic monopoly to an outward-looking, globally oriented business in response to the influx of transnational tobacco companies...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737622/the-china-national-tobacco-corporation-from-domestic-to-global-dragon
#18
Jennifer Fang, Kelley Lee, Nidhi Sejpal
The China National Tobacco Corporation (CNTC), which produces one-third of the world's cigarettes, is the largest tobacco company in the world. Over the past 60 years, the CNTC has been focused on supplying a huge domestic market. As the market has become increasingly saturated, and potential foreign competition looms, the company has turned to expansion abroad. This paper examines the ambitions and prospects of the CNTC to 'go global'. Using Chinese and English language sources, this paper describes the globalisation ambitions of the CNTC, and its global business strategy focused on internal restructuring, brand development and expansion of overseas operations in selected markets...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458074/inequality-and-ethics-in-paediatric-hiv-remission-research-from-mississippi-to-south-africa-and-back
#19
Johanna T Crane, Theresa M Rossouw
In 2013, physician-researchers announced that a baby in Mississippi had been 'functionally cured' of HIV [Persaud, D., Gay, H., Ziemniak, C. F., Chen, Y. H., Piatak, M., Chun, T.-W., … Luzuriaga, K. (2013b, March). Functional HIV cure after very early ART of an infected infant. Paper presented at the 20th conference on retroviruses and opportunistic infections, Atlanta, GA]. Though the child later developed a detectable viral load, the case remains unprecedented, and trials to build on the findings are planned [National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases...
February 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457975/vaccine-nation-america-s-changing-relations-with-immunization
#20
Gaëtan Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Global Public Health
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