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Global Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468526/the-macro-level-drivers-of-intimate-partner-violence-new-evidence-from-a-multilevel-dataset
#1
Roxanne J Kovacs
This study uses multi-level regression analysis to determine the impact of macro-level drivers on intimate partner violence (IPV). It argues that we need to look beyond the usual, individual-level risk factors in order to understand why women experience abuse at the hands of their intimate partners. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 40 developing countries, this paper demonstrates that socio-economic development, beliefs and laws play an important role in explaining IPV.
May 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447537/diabetes-a-global-public-health-challenge-with-a-high-epidemiological-and-economic-burden-on-health-systems-in-latin-america
#2
Armando Arredondo, Alejandra Azar, Ana Lucía Recamán
This manuscript presents the results of an analysis that highlights the challenges of diabetes as a global public health problem. The analysis was conducted in two phases: the first phase deals with primary data and results of a longitudinal study to provide evidence on the Mexican case. Regarding epidemiological changes between 2014 and 2016, there is an increase of 9-13% (p < .001). Comparing the economic burden from epidemiological changes in 2014 versus 2016 (p < .05), there is a 26% increase...
April 27, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#3
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372479/building-a-regional-health-agenda-a-rights-based-approach-to-health-in-south-america
#4
María Belén Herrero, Jorgelina Loza
Attention to health policies in Southern regional organisations reveals a new 'social turn' in the regional political economy of international cooperation. The aims of this paper are twofold. First, it aims to establish the extent to which the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) has adopted and sustained policy interventions committed to addressing social inequities and asymmetries in relation to health, as indicated by regional policy agendas, policy development processes and resourcing. Second, it seeks to understand how UNASUR is mobilising national and regional actors in support of such policies...
April 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357885/community-based-misoprostol-for-the-prevention-of-post-partum-haemorrhage-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence-base-challenges-and-scale-up
#5
Karen Hobday, Jennifer Hulme, Suzanne Belton, Caroline Se Homer, Ndola Prata
Achieving Sustainable Development Goal targets for 2030 will require persistent investment and creativity in improving access to quality health services, including skilled attendance at birth and access to emergency obstetric care. Community-based misoprostol has been extensively studied and recently endorsed by the WHO for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage. There remains little consolidated information about experience with implementation and scale-up to date. This narrative review of the literature aimed to identify the political processes leading to WHO endorsement of misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage and describe ongoing challenges to the uptake and scale-up at both policy and community levels...
March 30, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287330/accounting-for-abortion-accomplishing-transnational-reproductive-governance-through-post-abortion-care-in-senegal
#6
Siri Suh
Reproductive governance operates through calculating demographic statistics that offer selective truths about reproductive practices, bodies, and subjectivities. Post-abortion care, a global reproductive health intervention, represents a transnational reproductive regime that establishes motherhood as women's primary legitimate reproductive status. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Senegal between 2010 and 2011, I illustrate how post-abortion care accomplishes reproductive governance in a context where abortion is prohibited altogether and the US is the primary bilateral donor of population aid...
March 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271746/future-proofing-global-health-governance-of-priorities
#7
Belinda Bennett, I Glenn Cohen, Sara E Davies, Lawrence O Gostin, Peter S Hill, Aditi Mankad, Alexandra L Phelan
The year 2015 was a significant anniversary for global health: 15 years since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals and the creation of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, followed two years later by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. 2015 was also the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the International Health Regulations (May 2005) and the formal entering into force of the Framework Convention on the Tobacco Control (February 2005). The anniversary of these frameworks and institutions illustrates the growth and contribution of 'global' health diplomacy...
March 8, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278744/from-women-s-irresponsibility-to-foetal-patienthood-obstetricians-gynaecologists-perspectives-on-abortion-and-its-stigmatisation-in-italy-and-catalu%C3%A3-a
#8
Silvia De Zordo
This article explores obstetricians-gynaecologists' experiences and attitudes towards abortion, based on two mixed-methods studies respectively undertaken in Italy in 2011-2012, and in Spain (Cataluña) in 2013-2015. Short questionnaires and in-depth interviews were conducted with 54 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 4 hospitals providing abortion care in Rome and Milan, and with 23 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 2 hospitals and one clinic providing abortion care in Barcelona. A medical/moral classification of abortions, from those considered 'more acceptable', both medically and morally - for severe foetal malformations - to the 'least acceptable' ones - repeated 'voluntary abortions', emerged in the discourse of most obstetricians-gynaecologists working in public hospitals, regardless of their religiosity...
March 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278745/-ballroom-itself-can-either-make-you-or-break-you-black-gbt-youths-psychosocial-development-in-the-house-ball-community
#9
Kyle Telander, Sybil G Hosek, Diana Lemos, Gihane Jeremie-Brink
Social context plays a significant role in adolescent identity development, particularly for youth lacking traditional systems of support. Using ecological and symbolic interactionism perspectives, this study qualitatively explored the psychosocial identity development of Black gay, bisexual, or transgendered youth participating in the House Ball Community (HBC). The HBC is a diverse network of family-like structures called 'houses', as well as a glamorous social outlet via pageant-like 'balls' in which participants compete...
March 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278746/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837721/mexico-simsmoke-how-changes-in-tobacco-control-policies-would-impact-smoking-prevalence-and-smoking-attributable-deaths-in-mexico
#11
Nancy L Fleischer, James F Thrasher, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, K Michael Cummings, Rafael Meza, Yian Zhang, David T Levy
We examined the effect of tobacco control policies in Mexico on smoking prevalence and smoking-related deaths using the Mexico SimSmoke model. The model is based on the previously developed SimSmoke simulation model of tobacco control policy, and uses population size, smoking rates and tobacco control policy data for Mexico. It assesses, individually, and in combination, the effect of six tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and smoking-related deaths. Policies included: cigarette excise taxes, smoke-free laws, anti-smoking public education campaigns, marketing restrictions, access to tobacco cessation treatments and enforcement against tobacco sales youth...
July 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441927/utilisation-of-skilled-birth-attendants-over-time-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#12
Kilian N Atuoye, Jonathan A Amoyaw, Vincent Z Kuuire, Joseph Kangmennaang, Sheila A Boamah, Siera Vercillo, Roger Antabe, Meghan McMorris, Isaac Luginaah
Despite recent modest progress in reducing maternal and infant mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria and Malawi were still in the top 20 countries with highest rates of mortalities globally in 2015. Utilisation of professional services at delivery - one of the indictors of MDG 5 - has been suggested to reduce maternal mortality by 50%. Yet, contextual, socio-cultural and economic factors have served as barriers to uptake of such critical service. In this paper, we examined the impact of residential wealth index on utilisation of Skilled Birth Attendant in Nigeria (2003, 2008 and 2013), and Malawi (2000, 2004 and 2010) using Demographic and Health Survey data sets...
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441926/timing-and-utilisation-of-antenatal-care-service-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#13
Vincent Z Kuuire, Joseph Kangmennaang, Kilian N Atuoye, Roger Antabe, Sheila A Boamah, Siera Vercillo, Jonathan A Amoyaw, Isaac Luginaah
As the world draws curtains on the implementation of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), there is increasing interest in evaluating the performance of countries on the goals and assessing related challenges and opportunities to inform the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study examined changes in the timing and utilisation of maternal health care services in Nigeria and Malawi; using multivariate negative log-log and logistic regression models fitted to demographic and health survey data sets...
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441925/maternal-and-child-health-in-africa-for-sustainable-development-goals-beyond-2015
#14
Ezekiel Kalipeni, Juliet Iwelunmor, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441924/editor-s-acknowledgements
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853950/how-does-a-national-poverty-programme-influence-sexual-debut-among-kenyan-adolescents
#16
Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, Harsha Thirumurthy
Cash transfer programmes have recently emerged as promising interventions for HIV prevention among adolescents in Africa. However, the pathways through which risk reduction occurs are not well understood. We examine data on 1429 adolescents and youth from the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children, which has been shown to result in delayed sexual debut among adolescents. We explored three potential mediating pathways: schooling, socio-economic status and psycho-social status. None of these hypothesised mediators greatly altered the main effect...
May 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606312/erratum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079136/-a-preferred-consultant-and-partner-to-the-royal-government-ngos-and-the-community-british-american-tobacco-s-access-to-policy-makers-in-cambodia
#18
Ross MacKenzie, Jeff Collin
British American Tobacco Cambodia (BATC) has dominated the country's tobacco market since its launch in 1996. Aggressive marketing in a weak regulatory environment and strategies to influence tobacco control policy have contributed to an emerging tobacco-related public health crisis. Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents, issues of BATC's in-house newsletter, civil society reports and media demonstrate that BATC officials have successfully sought to align the company with Cambodia's increasingly controversial political and business leadership that is centred around the Cambodian People's Party with the aim of gaining access to policy-makers and influencing the policy process...
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002744/migration-as-a-risk-and-a-livelihood-strategy-hiv-across-the-life-course-of-migrant-families-in-india
#19
Tanvi Rai, Helen S Lambert, Helen Ward
Migrant workers are understood to be vulnerable to HIV. However, little is known about the experience of migration-based households following HIV infection. This qualitative study examined the migration-HIV relationship beyond the point of infection, looking at how it affects livelihood choices, household relationships and the economic viability of migrant families. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 33 HIV-positive migrant men and women recruited from an anti-retroviral therapy (ART) centre in north India...
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886155/domestic-violence-against-women-in-india-a-systematic-review-of-a-decade-of-quantitative-studies
#20
Ameeta Kalokhe, Carlos Del Rio, Kristin Dunkle, Rob Stephenson, Nicholas Metheny, Anuradha Paranjape, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent among women in India and has been associated with poor mental and physical health. We performed a systematic review of 137 quantitative studies published in the prior decade that directly evaluated the DV experiences of Indian women to summarise the breadth of recent work and identify gaps in the literature. Among studies surveying at least two forms of abuse, a median 41% of women reported experiencing DV during their lifetime and 30% in the past year. We noted substantial inter-study variance in DV prevalence estimates, attributable in part to different study populations and settings, but also to a lack of standardisation, validation, and cultural adaptation of DV survey instruments...
April 2017: Global Public Health
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