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Global Public Health

Jacob Hill, Coleman Mills, Quefeng Li, Jennifer S Smith
The use of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) for cancer may influence the delivery or effectiveness of conventional cancer treatment. In this systematic review, we aimed to (1) summarise the available prevalence data on traditional medicine use by cancer patients in less developed countries (LDCs), and (2) stratify the prevalence data by world region and country income level. A literature search for cancer, TCAM, and low income (LI) and lower-middle income (LMI) countries was conducted across 5 databases...
October 16, 2018: Global Public Health
A Desclaux, M S Malan, M Egrot, K Sow, F Akindès
During an Ebola outbreak, the WHO recommends that health professionals consider people as suspect cases (SCs) when they show key signs such as the sudden onset of high fever or specific symptoms after having had contact with a suspect or confirmed Ebola case. SCs should then get care, be isolated and be reported to health authorities until the Ebola virus disease is confirmed through a lab test. This exploratory study aims to understand this identification process in the field based on a qualitative analysis of the diagnosis and therapeutic itineraries of 19 SCs in Cote d'Ivoire and Senegal (2014-2015)...
October 13, 2018: Global Public Health
Samantha Winter, Robert Dreibelbis, Francis Barchi
For decades, countries throughout the world have failed to meet sanitation-related development goals. Access to safe sanitation is undeniably linked to improved health outcomes; yet, 2.4 billion people, globally, still lack access. The persistent failure to meet sanitation goals suggests that our understanding of the factors that influence sustainable sanitation access and utilisation is incomplete. Despite growing availability of toilets in informal settlements, there is evidence that women, in particular, may adopt other strategies for managing their sanitation needs...
October 12, 2018: Global Public Health
Finn Diderichsen, Lia Giraldo da Silva Augusto, Bernadete Perez
The health consequences of arbovirus infections such as dengue fever (DENV), Chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) has in recent years become a public health challenge, due to failure of prevention followed by increased incidence and pronounced social inequality in occurrence and consequences. This motivates a more systematic analysis of the potential mechanisms and pathways that generate these inequalities. We present in the paper a model that delineates five possible mechanisms driving the inequality of ZIKV and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS)...
October 9, 2018: Global Public Health
John Mark Wiginton, Elizabeth J King, A Oveta Fuller
Faith-based organisations (FBOs) have long been part of the fight against HIV and AIDS. International bodies continue to collaborate with FBOs to implement HIV-prevention programmes with mixed success. Zambia has been a target of such programmes in part due to its high HIV prevalence. The Trusted Messenger approach to provide religious leader networks with biomedical, science-focused education about HIV and AIDS was piloted in 2006, but participant experiences of the intervention have not been explored qualitatively...
September 21, 2018: Global Public Health
Wilfred Masebo
The majority of international migrants from Malawi to South Africa are undocumented, and some of them are on ART. This study explored how these migrants manage to access ART. Qualitative data were collected using open-ended questions in semi-structured interviews. 23 returned undocumented Malawian migrants from South Africa participated in the study. Also, key informant discussions were held with three health workers. Data collection took place in April and May 2015 at a rural village of Namwera in Mangochi district in southern Malawi...
September 20, 2018: Global Public Health
Shalean M Collins, Patrick Mbullo Owuor, Joshua D Miller, Godfred O Boateng, Pauline Wekesa, Maricianah Onono, Sera L Young
There is rapidly evolving literature on water insecurity in the general adult population, but the role of water insecurity during the vulnerable periods of pregnancy and postpartum, or in the context of HIV, has been largely overlooked. Therefore, we conducted an exploratory study, using Go Along interviews, photo-elicitation interviews, and pile sorts with 40 pregnant and postpartum Kenyan women living in an area of high HIV prevalence. We sought to (1) describe their lived experiences of water acquisition, prioritisation, and use and (2) explore the consequences of water insecurity...
September 20, 2018: Global Public Health
Marian Abouzeid, Rosemary Wyber, Sophie La Vincente, Karen Sliwa, Liesl Zühlke, Bongani Mayosi, Jonathan Carapetis
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an avoidable disease of poverty that persists predominantly in low resource settings and among Indigenous and other high-risk populations in some high-income nations. Following a period of relative global policy inertia on RHD, recent years have seen a resurgence of research, policy and civil society activity to tackle RHD; this has culminated in growing momentum at the highest levels of global health diplomacy to definitively address this disease of disadvantage. RHD is inextricably entangled with the global development agenda, and effective RHD action requires concerted efforts both within and beyond the health policy sphere...
September 7, 2018: Global Public Health
S Katrina Perehudoff, Nikita V Alexandrov, Hans V Hogerzeil
In 2008 the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health published 72 right to health indicators in 194 health systems. We present a follow-up report of eight indicators for access to medicines to serve as a reference point for progress towards SDG Target 3.8 on essential medicines. Data for these eight indicators in 2015 were collected and compared with the 2008 report. Between 2008 and 2015 we observed increased numbers of constitutions recognising access to medicines (7-13 countries), countries with a national medicine policy (118-122) and with a national list of essential medicines (78-107)...
September 6, 2018: Global Public Health
Aishah Khan, Sarah E DeYoung
The full scope of women's health needs is not necessarily addressed in refugee camps and after resettlement, particularly pregnancy and postnatal services. The aims of this research are to examine the maternal care services provided to refugee women in camps and after resettlement to the United States, and to analyse organisational successes and challenges in service provision. With this understanding, policies can improve service delivery for refugee women. We interviewed respondents from five organisations, ranging from local non-profits to international non-governmental organisations...
September 6, 2018: Global Public Health
Margret Frenz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Global Public Health
Dana C Beck, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Jody R Lori
This review integrates evidence on community mobilisation (CM) for maternal and child health in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to identify the impact on empowerment. For the purposes of this review we use the following definition of CM: 'a capacity-building process through which community members, groups or organizations plan, carry out and evaluate activities on a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other conditions, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others', [Howard-Grabman, L...
September 5, 2018: Global Public Health
Sara Ardila-Gómez, Martín Agrest, Marina A Fernández, Melina Rosales, Lucila López, Alberto Rodolfo Velzi Díaz, Santiago Javier Vivas, Guadalupe Ares Lavalle, Eduardo Basz, Pamela Scorza, Alicia Stolkiner
The mental health users' movement is a worldwide phenomenon that seeks to resist disempowerment and marginalisation of people living with mental illness. The Latin American Collective Health movement sees the mental health users' movement as an opportunity for power redistribution and for autonomous participation. The present paper aims to analyze the users' movement in Argentina from a Collective Health perspective, by tracing the history of users' movement in the Country. A heterogeneous research team used a qualitative approach to study mental health users' associations in Argentina...
August 31, 2018: Global Public Health
Sarah Nakamanya, Billy N Mayanja, Richard Muhumuza, Dominic Bukenya, Janet Seeley
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to understand the relevance of treatment supporters in adherence among people living with HIV taking Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for more than five years in Uganda. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 50 participants (28 women and 22 men) of the Complications of Long-Term ART (CoLTART) cohort with experience of at least five years on ART in Uganda. Participants were stratified by line of ART regimen and viral loads of less or above 1000 copies/ml...
August 26, 2018: Global Public Health
Hanna Amanuel, Daniel Palazuelos, Andrea Reyes, Mariana Montaño, Hugo Flores, Rose L Molina
This anthropological study explores why more women in the rural Sierra Madre region of Chiapas, Mexico birth at home rather than at the hospital. Between January and May of 2014, the primary investigator conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with twenty-six interlocutors: six parteras (home birth attendants), nine pregnant women, four mothers, four healthcare providers, and three local government leaders. Participant observation occurred in the health clinic, participants' homes, and other spaces in a community with a population of 1,188 people...
August 26, 2018: Global Public Health
Laura Rebecca Murray, Deanna Kerrigan, Vera Silvia Paiva
Drawing on ethnographic research conducted from 2011 to 2015 and the authors' long-term engagement in diverse aspects of HIV and human rights advocacy in Brazil, this paper explores key elements of the Brazilian sex workers' movement response to HIV and the broader political factors that profoundly influenced its trajectory. We argue that the movement has constantly challenged representations of prostitution by affirming sex workers' roles as political actors, not just peer educators, in fighting the HIV epidemic and highlight their development of a sex positive and pleasure centred response that fought stigma on multiple fronts...
August 24, 2018: Global Public Health
David Michael Callender
Yellow fever virus (YFV) has a long history of causing human disease. Today, YFV is persevered in jungle environments with occasional sporadic human outbreaks in South America and periodic intermediate human transmissions with occasional urban outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa. The ever-present risk of outbreak is primarily controlled for via vaccination coverage to vulnerable human populations. Global vaccine supplies have been strained in the setting of recent outbreaks in Africa and Brazil. The increasingly global community of today has placed an ever-growing tension on the management and control of YFV...
August 18, 2018: Global Public Health
Nick Tackes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Global Public Health
J B Spiegel, B Ortiz Choukroun, A Campaña, K M Boydell, J Breilh, A Yassi
Worldwide, interest is increasing in community-based arts to promote social transformation. This study analyzes one such case. Ecuador's government, elected in 2006 after decades of neoliberalism, introduced Buen Vivir ('good living' derived from the Kichwan sumak kawsay), to guide development. Plans included launching a countrywide programme using circus arts as a sociocultural intervention for street-involved youth and other marginalised groups. To examine the complex ways by which such interventions intercede in 'ways of being' at the individual and collective level, we integrated qualitative and quantitative methods to document relationships between programme policies over a 5-year period and transformations in personal growth, social inclusion, social engagement and health-related lifestyles of social circus participants...
August 17, 2018: Global Public Health
Rachel Irwin, Richard Smith
The World Health Assembly is the WHO's supreme decision-making body and consists of representatives from the 194 WHO Member States who take formal decisions on the WHO's policies, workplan and budget. The event is also attended by representatives of non-governmental organisations, the private sector, the press and even members of the public. Based on participant observation at six World Health Assemblies, in-depth interviews with 53 delegates to the WHA, and an analysis of WHA Official Records, this article examines the ritualistic aspects of WHA negotiations...
August 13, 2018: Global Public Health
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