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Global Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372479/building-a-regional-health-agenda-a-rights-based-approach-to-health-in-south-america
#1
María Belén Herrero, Jorgelina Loza
Attention to health policies in Southern regional organisations reveals a new 'social turn' in the regional political economy of international cooperation. The aims of this paper are twofold. First, it aims to establish the extent to which the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) has adopted and sustained policy interventions committed to addressing social inequities and asymmetries in relation to health, as indicated by regional policy agendas, policy development processes and resourcing. Second, it seeks to understand how UNASUR is mobilising national and regional actors in support of such policies...
April 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357885/community-based-misoprostol-for-the-prevention-of-post-partum-haemorrhage-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence-base-challenges-and-scale-up
#2
Karen Hobday, Jennifer Hulme, Suzanne Belton, Caroline Se Homer, Ndola Prata
Achieving Sustainable Development Goal targets for 2030 will require persistent investment and creativity in improving access to quality health services, including skilled attendance at birth and access to emergency obstetric care. Community-based misoprostol has been extensively studied and recently endorsed by the WHO for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage. There remains little consolidated information about experience with implementation and scale-up to date. This narrative review of the literature aimed to identify the political processes leading to WHO endorsement of misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage and describe ongoing challenges to the uptake and scale-up at both policy and community levels...
March 30, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287330/accounting-for-abortion-accomplishing-transnational-reproductive-governance-through-post-abortion-care-in-senegal
#3
Siri Suh
Reproductive governance operates through calculating demographic statistics that offer selective truths about reproductive practices, bodies, and subjectivities. Post-abortion care, a global reproductive health intervention, represents a transnational reproductive regime that establishes motherhood as women's primary legitimate reproductive status. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Senegal between 2010 and 2011, I illustrate how post-abortion care accomplishes reproductive governance in a context where abortion is prohibited altogether and the US is the primary bilateral donor of population aid...
March 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271746/future-proofing-global-health-governance-of-priorities
#4
Belinda Bennett, I Glenn Cohen, Sara E Davies, Lawrence O Gostin, Peter S Hill, Aditi Mankad, Alexandra L Phelan
The year 2015 was a significant anniversary for global health: 15 years since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals and the creation of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, followed two years later by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. 2015 was also the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the International Health Regulations (May 2005) and the formal entering into force of the Framework Convention on the Tobacco Control (February 2005). The anniversary of these frameworks and institutions illustrates the growth and contribution of 'global' health diplomacy...
March 8, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278744/from-women-s-irresponsibility-to-foetal-patienthood-obstetricians-gynaecologists-perspectives-on-abortion-and-its-stigmatisation-in-italy-and-catalu%C3%A3-a
#5
Silvia De Zordo
This article explores obstetricians-gynaecologists' experiences and attitudes towards abortion, based on two mixed-methods studies respectively undertaken in Italy in 2011-2012, and in Spain (Cataluña) in 2013-2015. Short questionnaires and in-depth interviews were conducted with 54 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 4 hospitals providing abortion care in Rome and Milan, and with 23 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 2 hospitals and one clinic providing abortion care in Barcelona. A medical/moral classification of abortions, from those considered 'more acceptable', both medically and morally - for severe foetal malformations - to the 'least acceptable' ones - repeated 'voluntary abortions', emerged in the discourse of most obstetricians-gynaecologists working in public hospitals, regardless of their religiosity...
March 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278745/-ballroom-itself-can-either-make-you-or-break-you-black-gbt-youths-psychosocial-development-in-the-house-ball-community
#6
Kyle Telander, Sybil G Hosek, Diana Lemos, Gihane Jeremie-Brink
Social context plays a significant role in adolescent identity development, particularly for youth lacking traditional systems of support. Using ecological and symbolic interactionism perspectives, this study qualitatively explored the psychosocial identity development of Black gay, bisexual, or transgendered youth participating in the House Ball Community (HBC). The HBC is a diverse network of family-like structures called 'houses', as well as a glamorous social outlet via pageant-like 'balls' in which participants compete...
March 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278746/erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278748/evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention-to-redesign-the-decentralised-vaccine-supply-chain-system-in-nigeria
#8
Shola Molemodile, Maruchi Wotogbe, Seye Abimbola
Responsibility for immunisation in Nigeria is decentralised to sub-national governments. So far, they have failed to achieve optimal coverage for their populations. We evaluated a pilot intervention implemented between 2013 and 2014 to redesign a vaccine supply chain management system in Kano, Nigeria. The intervention included financing immunisation services from a designated pool of government and donor funds, a visibility tool to track vaccine stock, and a private vendor engaged to deliver vaccines directly to health facilities...
February 24, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278749/the-historical-ecology-of-malaria-in-ethiopia-deposing-the-spirits
#9
Rhiannon Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278750/the-ethics-of-researching-intimate-partner-violence-in-global-health-a-case-study-from-global-health-research
#10
Jenevieve Mannell, Adrian Guta
There has been an increase in attention to intimate partner violence (IPV) as a health issue that contributes to the spread of HIV, physical and emotional stress, depression, substance use, serious injuries, and higher rates of mortality in low-income settings. This paper explores the ethical implications raised by research on IPV by global health scholars. Drawing on Hedgecoe's work on critical bioethics to analyse a qualitative study of IPV in Rwanda, this paper discusses the risks and benefits of conducting research on IPV as part of the global health agenda...
February 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278751/-gendercide-abortion-policy-and-the-disciplining-of-prenatal-sex-selection-in-neoliberal-europe
#11
Navtej Purewal, Lisa Eklund
This article examines the contours of how sex-selective abortion (SSA) and 'gendercide' have been problematically combined within contemporary debates on abortion in Europe. Analysing the development of policies on the topic, we identify three 'turns' which have become integral to the biopolitics of SSA in Europe: the biomedical turn, the 'gendercide' turn, and the Asian demographic turn. Recent attempts to discipline SSA in the UK and Sweden are examined as a means of showing how the neoliberal state in Europe is becoming increasingly open to manoeuvres to undermine the right to abortion, even where firm laws exist...
February 17, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278752/the-impact-of-debt-relief-on-under-five-mortality-rate-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
John Bosco Oryema, Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong, Gabriel Picone
This paper examines the impact of the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative on under five mortality rate (U5MR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The HIPC Initiative involves debt forgiveness and the redirection of funds that were meant to service external debt towards the provision of social services and poverty reduction in eligible countries. The Initiative is akin to a natural experiment since some countries benefited while some did not, and the timing of debt forgiveness varied across countries. We exploit these variations to identify the impact of HIPC Initiative on child mortality using a dynamic panel data estimator...
February 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#13
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158954/abortion-in-tunisia-after-the-revolution-bringing-a-new-morality-into-the-old-reproductive-order
#14
Irene Maffi
The emergence of Islamist movements and religious symbolic repertoires in the aftermath of the Tunisian revolution has elicited the political, moral, and practical contestation of women's right to abortion. While, after several heated debates, the law was eventually not modified, several practitioners working in government family planning clinics have changed their behaviour preventing women getting abortions. Pre-existing state and medical logics, political uncertainties, and new religious and moralising discourses have determined abortion practices in the government health-care facilities generating unequal treatments according to women's marital status, class, and education...
February 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278747/the-weight-of-obesity-hunger-and-global-health-in-postwar-guatemala
#15
Melissa Fuster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26853950/how-does-a-national-poverty-programme-influence-sexual-debut-among-kenyan-adolescents
#16
Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, Harsha Thirumurthy
Cash transfer programmes have recently emerged as promising interventions for HIV prevention among adolescents in Africa. However, the pathways through which risk reduction occurs are not well understood. We examine data on 1429 adolescents and youth from the Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children, which has been shown to result in delayed sexual debut among adolescents. We explored three potential mediating pathways: schooling, socio-economic status and psycho-social status. None of these hypothesised mediators greatly altered the main effect...
May 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228046/into-africa-a-transnational-history-of-catholic-medical-missions-and-social-change
#17
Julia R Cummiskey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228045/fatal-isolation-the-devastating-paris-heat-wave-of-2003
#18
Alexis A Merdjanoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079136/-a-preferred-consultant-and-partner-to-the-royal-government-ngos-and-the-community-british-american-tobacco-s-access-to-policy-makers-in-cambodia
#19
Ross MacKenzie, Jeff Collin
British American Tobacco Cambodia (BATC) has dominated the country's tobacco market since its launch in 1996. Aggressive marketing in a weak regulatory environment and strategies to influence tobacco control policy have contributed to an emerging tobacco-related public health crisis. Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents, issues of BATC's in-house newsletter, civil society reports and media demonstrate that BATC officials have successfully sought to align the company with Cambodia's increasingly controversial political and business leadership that is centred around the Cambodian People's Party with the aim of gaining access to policy-makers and influencing the policy process...
April 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002744/migration-as-a-risk-and-a-livelihood-strategy-hiv-across-the-life-course-of-migrant-families-in-india
#20
Tanvi Rai, Helen S Lambert, Helen Ward
Migrant workers are understood to be vulnerable to HIV. However, little is known about the experience of migration-based households following HIV infection. This qualitative study examined the migration-HIV relationship beyond the point of infection, looking at how it affects livelihood choices, household relationships and the economic viability of migrant families. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 33 HIV-positive migrant men and women recruited from an anti-retroviral therapy (ART) centre in north India...
April 2017: Global Public Health
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