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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287330/accounting-for-abortion-accomplishing-transnational-reproductive-governance-through-post-abortion-care-in-senegal
#1
Siri Suh
Reproductive governance operates through calculating demographic statistics that offer selective truths about reproductive practices, bodies, and subjectivities. Post-abortion care, a global reproductive health intervention, represents a transnational reproductive regime that establishes motherhood as women's primary legitimate reproductive status. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Senegal between 2010 and 2011, I illustrate how post-abortion care accomplishes reproductive governance in a context where abortion is prohibited altogether and the US is the primary bilateral donor of population aid...
March 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271746/future-proofing-global-health-governance-of-priorities
#2
Belinda Bennett, I Glenn Cohen, Sara E Davies, Lawrence O Gostin, Peter S Hill, Aditi Mankad, Alexandra L Phelan
The year 2015 was a significant anniversary for global health: 15 years since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals and the creation of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, followed two years later by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria. 2015 was also the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the International Health Regulations (May 2005) and the formal entering into force of the Framework Convention on the Tobacco Control (February 2005). The anniversary of these frameworks and institutions illustrates the growth and contribution of 'global' health diplomacy...
March 8, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278744/from-women-s-irresponsibility-to-foetal-patienthood-obstetricians-gynaecologists-perspectives-on-abortion-and-its-stigmatisation-in-italy-and-catalu%C3%A3-a
#3
Silvia De Zordo
This article explores obstetricians-gynaecologists' experiences and attitudes towards abortion, based on two mixed-methods studies respectively undertaken in Italy in 2011-2012, and in Spain (Cataluña) in 2013-2015. Short questionnaires and in-depth interviews were conducted with 54 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 4 hospitals providing abortion care in Rome and Milan, and with 23 obstetricians-gynaecologists at 2 hospitals and one clinic providing abortion care in Barcelona. A medical/moral classification of abortions, from those considered 'more acceptable', both medically and morally - for severe foetal malformations - to the 'least acceptable' ones - repeated 'voluntary abortions', emerged in the discourse of most obstetricians-gynaecologists working in public hospitals, regardless of their religiosity...
March 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278745/-ballroom-itself-can-either-make-you-or-break-you-black-gbt-youths-psychosocial-development-in-the-house-ball-community
#4
Kyle Telander, Sybil G Hosek, Diana Lemos, Gihane Jeremie-Brink
Social context plays a significant role in adolescent identity development, particularly for youth lacking traditional systems of support. Using ecological and symbolic interactionism perspectives, this study qualitatively explored the psychosocial identity development of Black gay, bisexual, or transgendered youth participating in the House Ball Community (HBC). The HBC is a diverse network of family-like structures called 'houses', as well as a glamorous social outlet via pageant-like 'balls' in which participants compete...
March 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278746/erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278748/evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention-to-redesign-the-decentralised-vaccine-supply-chain-system-in-nigeria
#6
Shola Molemodile, Maruchi Wotogbe, Seye Abimbola
Responsibility for immunisation in Nigeria is decentralised to sub-national governments. So far, they have failed to achieve optimal coverage for their populations. We evaluated a pilot intervention implemented between 2013 and 2014 to redesign a vaccine supply chain management system in Kano, Nigeria. The intervention included financing immunisation services from a designated pool of government and donor funds, a visibility tool to track vaccine stock, and a private vendor engaged to deliver vaccines directly to health facilities...
February 24, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278749/the-historical-ecology-of-malaria-in-ethiopia-deposing-the-spirits
#7
Rhiannon Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278750/the-ethics-of-researching-intimate-partner-violence-in-global-health-a-case-study-from-global-health-research
#8
Jenevieve Mannell, Adrian Guta
There has been an increase in attention to intimate partner violence (IPV) as a health issue that contributes to the spread of HIV, physical and emotional stress, depression, substance use, serious injuries, and higher rates of mortality in low-income settings. This paper explores the ethical implications raised by research on IPV by global health scholars. Drawing on Hedgecoe's work on critical bioethics to analyse a qualitative study of IPV in Rwanda, this paper discusses the risks and benefits of conducting research on IPV as part of the global health agenda...
February 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278751/-gendercide-abortion-policy-and-the-disciplining-of-prenatal-sex-selection-in-neoliberal-europe
#9
Navtej Purewal, Lisa Eklund
This article examines the contours of how sex-selective abortion (SSA) and 'gendercide' have been problematically combined within contemporary debates on abortion in Europe. Analysing the development of policies on the topic, we identify three 'turns' which have become integral to the biopolitics of SSA in Europe: the biomedical turn, the 'gendercide' turn, and the Asian demographic turn. Recent attempts to discipline SSA in the UK and Sweden are examined as a means of showing how the neoliberal state in Europe is becoming increasingly open to manoeuvres to undermine the right to abortion, even where firm laws exist...
February 17, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278752/the-impact-of-debt-relief-on-under-five-mortality-rate-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
John Bosco Oryema, Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong, Gabriel Picone
This paper examines the impact of the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative on under five mortality rate (U5MR) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The HIPC Initiative involves debt forgiveness and the redirection of funds that were meant to service external debt towards the provision of social services and poverty reduction in eligible countries. The Initiative is akin to a natural experiment since some countries benefited while some did not, and the timing of debt forgiveness varied across countries. We exploit these variations to identify the impact of HIPC Initiative on child mortality using a dynamic panel data estimator...
February 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#11
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158954/abortion-in-tunisia-after-the-revolution-bringing-a-new-morality-into-the-old-reproductive-order
#12
Irene Maffi
The emergence of Islamist movements and religious symbolic repertoires in the aftermath of the Tunisian revolution has elicited the political, moral, and practical contestation of women's right to abortion. While, after several heated debates, the law was eventually not modified, several practitioners working in government family planning clinics have changed their behaviour preventing women getting abortions. Pre-existing state and medical logics, political uncertainties, and new religious and moralising discourses have determined abortion practices in the government health-care facilities generating unequal treatments according to women's marital status, class, and education...
February 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125930/from-coastal-to-global-the-transnational-flow-of-ayurveda-and-its-relevance-for-indo-african-linkages
#13
Caroline Meier Zu Biesen
Driven by long-standing ties with India, and intertwined with global market interests, a growing influx of materia medica from South Asia is currently emerging in East Africa. To compete at a global level and framed within the language of 'South-South cooperation for mutual benefit', India presents itself as an appropriate exporter of medical products suitable for African clientele. The expansion of India's medical sector into Africa is particularly relevant for Ayurvedic pharmaceuticals. Ayurveda's diaspora into Africa exemplifies the emergence of new health interventions and medical assemblages in a transnationally interconnected world and implies innovative coalitions involved in the complex promotion of local/Global Health industries...
January 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114853/household-environmental-health-hazards-effect-on-under-five-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa-what-can-we-learn-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey
#14
Vissého Adjiwanou, Alehegn Worku Engdaw
Household environmental health hazards or simply household health hazards (HHH) are pathogens and chemicals in the household that can cause health problems. In this study, we assess their effect on under-five mortality (U5MR) in 12 sub-Saharan African countries, using data from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Referring to the principal component analysis approach, we measure the HHH by the following indicators: source of water and its location, type of toilet facility, flooring material, type of wall, type of roof and type of cooking fuel...
January 23, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#15
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100107/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081659/network-of-ethical-relationships-model-for-global-north-south-population-health-research
#17
Karen Morrison, Sandra Tomsons, Angela Gomez, Martin Forde
Although a substantial body of literature exists that details how to address ethical issues and provide oversight for traditional research study designs, there currently is very little guidance available to researchers on how to deal with the unique and novel challenges that arise when conducting research that goes outside of these well-defined boundaries. One such example is North-South (N-S) team-based global population health (GPH) research. This paper presents a Network of Ethical Relationships (NER) model which can allow GPH researchers better understand and resolve ethical issues that arise in N-S collaborative research efforts...
January 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068888/the-georgetown-symposium-on-global-mental-health-transdisciplinary-perspectives
#18
Emily Mendenhall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068886/expertise-or-ideology-a-response-to-morris-et-al-2016-circumcision-is-a-primary-preventive-against-hiv-infection-critique-of-a-contrary-meta-regression-analysis-by-van-howe
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032523/hiv-status-fertility-intentions-and-contraception-in-the-era-of-expanded-access-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-case-study-of-rural-mozambique
#20
Victor Agadjanian, Sarah R Hayford
Provision of effective contraception to HIV-positive women of reproductive age is critical to effective management of HIV infection and prevention of both vertical and horizontal HIV transmission in developing countries. This exploratory retrospective study examines contraceptive use during the prolonged post-partum period in a sample of 285 HIV-positive and HIV-negative women who gave birth at four rural maternity clinics in a high HIV-prevalence region in Mozambique. Multivariate analyses show no significant variations by HIV status in contraceptive timing (mean time to first contraceptive use of 7...
December 29, 2016: Global Public Health
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