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Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

Samuel Y P Quek, Mythili Kalladka, Veena Kanti, Gayathri Subramanian
Myogenous temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is the most common type of nonodontogenic pain. The diagnosis is often elusive since diagnosing such conditions often requires a more comprehensive patient assessment. At present, there is no simple one-step diagnostic test to help render a definitive diagnosis of myogenous TMD pain. The twin-block injection can serve as a diagnostic aid to facilitate diagnosis of such myogenous TMD. The twin-block injection blocks the innervation to both the temporalis and masseter muscles, the two most common sources of referred pain to the teeth...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Akhil Rathi, Rajlakshmi Banerjee, Usha Radke, Seema Lahoti, Shraddha Sahni
Background: Residual ridge resorption is crucial sequelae of tooth loss. Complete dentures are the most common way of rehabilitating edentulous patients. However, with continuing residual ridge resorption, dentures tend to become loose and unstable causing discomfort, chewing disability, and speech problems. Denture relining is an economical means of improving a denture's stability and retention. An understanding of the clinical indications and limitations of these materials and procedures is crucial for clinical success...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Rushad Hosi Nariman, Umesh Yeshwanth Pai, M K Soumya, Rakshith Hegde
Background: The presence of the dental papilla is critical to achieve esthetics in a single tooth implant restoration. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in the papilla fill between implant and teeth comparing immediate implant placement and provisionalised single tooth implant restorations with delayed implant placement and provisionalised single tooth implant restorations. The papilla fill in these two groups was evaluated using the Jemt papilla index...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Krishna Chaitanya Kanneganti, Dileep Nag Vinnakota, Srinivas Rao Pottem, Mahesh Pulagam
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of implant-abutment connections, abutment angulations, and screw lengths on screw loosening (SL) of preloaded abutment using three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis. Materials and Methods: 3D models of implants (conical connection with hex/trilobed connections), abutments (straight/angulated), abutment screws (short/long), and crown and bone were designed using software Parametric Technology Corporation Creo and assembled to form 8 simulations...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Monica Shrivastav
Statement of Problem: In clinical situations, short implant abutments create lack of retention with overlying cemented prosthesis. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of different surface treatments on the retention of implant-supported cement-retained bridge with short implant abutments. Materials and Methods: Six straight Adin implant abutments of similar sizes (3 mm diameter × 3 mm height) were selected. All were divided into three groups ( n = 2): with circumferential grooves and sandblasting (G + SB), with a circumferential groove and bur modification (G + B) and third one taken as control...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Sonali S Jadhav, Neerja Mahajan, Rajesh Sethuraman
Statement of Problem: Heat cure acrylic resin material with reduced monomer content is generally recommended for clinical usage as it leads to improved mechanical, physical, and biocompatibility properties. Aims and Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the amount of the residual monomer in the conventional and three different groups of deep-frozen heat cure polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) acrylic resin. Materials and Methods: Totally 40 Specimens of heat cure PMMA acrylic resin (DPI India) (10 conventional heat cure and 30 deep frozen) were made using two disc-shaped stainless steel molds and invested into type II dental stone using compression molding technique...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Hasan Sarfaraz, Shefali Johri, P Sucheta, Sripathi Rao
Purpose: One of the crucial requirements for the success of implants is to achieve good stability. Two well-accepted quantitative methods to assess implant stability, the insertion torque value (ITV), and resonance frequency analysis (RFA) can be a valuable adjunct to radiological and clinical examination. This study was conducted to assess the relationship between ITVs and implant stability quotient (ISQ) and its influence on timing of functional implant loading, as well as to determine the effect of some of the factors on the stability of implants...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Kushaldeep, Amrit Tandan, Viram Upadhyaya, Mohit Raghuvanshi
Aim: Immediate loading protocol, in recent times, has gained popularity as it has not only shortened the treatment time but also resulted in enhanced patient satisfaction. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of immediate implant loading protocol over conventional implant loading protocol with respect to peri-implant bone loss. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients selected for this study were divided into two groups. In Group I patients, implants were immediately loaded, whereas in Group II, they were loaded with conventional loading protocol...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Meenakshi Thimmappa, Mehak Bhatia, Prakash Somani, D R V Kumar
Aim: An attempt is made to investigate clinical efficacy of cord, paste system, and a strip gingival retractile materials. This study aims to evaluate and compare the gingival retraction efficacy of retraction strip along with conventional retraction cord and paste system. Material and Methods: This in vivo experimental study was carried out on 30 patients. Three different gingival retraction systems were used to evaluate the amount of vertical and lateral displacement...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Utari Kresnoadi, Tika Raharjo, Rostiny Rostiny
Background: Tooth extraction will provoke changes in alveolar bone morphology and dimensions. Postextraction bone resorption can lead to significant problems for restorative dentistry. Therefore, the extracted tooth socket needs to be preserved to reduce alveolar ridge bone resorption. This research aimed to analyze the expression and levels of osteocalcin, collagen 1, and osteoblasts in extracted tooth sockets filled with a combination of mangosteen peel extract and demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft (DFDBBX)...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Gursharan Kaur Sason, Gaurang Mistry, Rubina Tabassum, Omkar Shetty
Aim: The accuracy of a dental impression is determined by two factors: "trueness" and "precision." The scanners used in dentistry are relatively new in market, and very few studies have compared the "precision" and "trueness" of intraoral scanner with the extraoral scanner. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare accuracy of intraoral and extraoral digital impressions. Materials and Methods: Ten dentulous participants (male/female) aged 18-45 years with an asymptomatic endodontically treated mandibular first molars with adjacent teeth present were selected for this study...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Aman Arora, Avneet Yadav, Viram Upadhyaya, Prachi Jain, Mrinalini Verma
Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal and internal adaptation of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) copings fabricated from conventional wax pattern, three-dimensional (3D)-printed resin pattern, and laser sintering technique. Materials and Methods: A total of thirty copings were made, out of which ten copings were made from 3D-printed resin pattern (Group A), ten from inlay wax pattern (Group B), and ten copings were obtained from direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) technique (Group C)...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Ívian Verena Maia Tupinambá, Priscila Couy Corrêa Giampá, Isadora Almeida Rios Rocha, Emilena Maria Castor Xisto Lima
Purpose: To evaluate the surface roughness of bis-acrylic and acrylic resins submitted to different methods of polishing. Materials and Methods: Fifty samples of each provisional restorative material (Structur 2, Protemp 4, Duralay, and Dencrilay) were fabricated (10 mm × 2 mm) and divided into five groups ( n = 10): (1) positive control group - polyester strip; (2) negative control - unpolished; (3) abrasive tips (Exa-Technique-Edenta); (4) goat hair brush and diamond polishing paste; and (5) silicone tips (Enhance)...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jaswinder Kaur
Corneal diseases are among the major causes of global blindness, secondary to cataract. osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis (OOKP) is the ideal treatment for patients with end-stage inflammatory corneal diseases where a portion of tooth along with bone is used to support an optical cylinder to restore vision in such patients. OOKP surgery requires multidisciplinary approach involving dentists, ophthalmologists, and radiologists. Very less is known in dentistry about the role of the periodontium in the field of ophthalmology...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
N Gopi Chander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Siddharth Mehta, B Leela, Abha Karanjkar, Arpit J Halani
Defects of fingers or hands due to congenital reasons or trauma can be a catastrophic setback to an individual physically, emotionally, and psychologically. An artificial finger prosthesis is a lucrative option to camouflage such defects. The anatomy of the residual stump of the defect is of extreme importance and will dictate the mode of retention to be used, and the level of esthetics one can expect. Despite the availability of the advanced skills, best of materials, and laboratory support, sometimes, the anatomy of the defect may be a hindrance in furnishing a better prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Thara Maria Joseph, R Ravichandran, K Harshakumar, S Lylajam
The defects of the skull cause mechanical vulnerability of the brain, esthetic disfigurement, and transmission of vibrations and pulsation of the brain. Subsequent cranioplasty may be required to compensate for the defect and to alleviate various signs and symptoms. When long-term outcome of biomaterial use in pediatric cases is limited, alloplastic cranioplasty in adults are supported by several large case series. This case report narrates cranioplasty using titanium alloplastic implant material.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
D Bheemalingeswara Rao, Akkottillam Malya, K Bharat Chandra, K Chandrasekharan Nair
Long-term success of ocular prostheses is dictated by the retentive quality which is usually ensured by maximum possible extension into the sulcus of the eyelids. Majority of the patients experience difficulty during manual placement and removal of the prosthesis, especially when the sulcus is very deep. Ocular prosthesis is commonly removed with fingers or suction cups. Although the suction cups are popular, its efficiency lasts only for a limited period. Moreover, it is not easily available in the rural Indian market...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammed, Janavi Kamath, K Kamalakanth Shenoy
Facial defects can result from a variety of reasons including trauma, burns, infections, congenital disorders, and neoplasms which require surgical correction or prosthetic rehabilitation or both. Prosthetic replacement using various materials is the treatment of choice when other surgical options are not possible. This report presents a case of acquired nasal defect secondary to a surgically operated adenoid cystic carcinoma using silicone as the material of choice.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jyoti Karani, Arshad Idrisi, Saloni Mistry, Praveen Badwaik, Ashutosh Pai, Sangeeta Yadav
Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the depth of curve of Spee in normal dentitions and dentitions with occlusal wear using conventional and digital software techniques. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 healthy human subjects were selected for this study in an age group of 20-50 years. Group A includes the stone models (dental casts) of 35 individuals with healthy (nonattrited) dentition. Group B includes stone models of 35 individuals with occlusal wear (generalized attrited) dentition...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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