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Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

Siddharth Mehta, B Leela, Abha Karanjkar, Arpit J Halani
Defects of fingers or hands due to congenital reasons or trauma can be a catastrophic setback to an individual physically, emotionally, and psychologically. An artificial finger prosthesis is a lucrative option to camouflage such defects. The anatomy of the residual stump of the defect is of extreme importance and will dictate the mode of retention to be used, and the level of esthetics one can expect. Despite the availability of the advanced skills, best of materials, and laboratory support, sometimes, the anatomy of the defect may be a hindrance in furnishing a better prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Thara Maria Joseph, R Ravichandran, K Harshakumar, S Lylajam
The defects of the skull cause mechanical vulnerability of the brain, esthetic disfigurement, and transmission of vibrations and pulsation of the brain. Subsequent cranioplasty may be required to compensate for the defect and to alleviate various signs and symptoms. When long-term outcome of biomaterial use in pediatric cases is limited, alloplastic cranioplasty in adults are supported by several large case series. This case report narrates cranioplasty using titanium alloplastic implant material.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
D Bheemalingeswara Rao, Akkottillam Malya, K Bharat Chandra, K Chandrasekharan Nair
Long-term success of ocular prostheses is dictated by the retentive quality which is usually ensured by maximum possible extension into the sulcus of the eyelids. Majority of the patients experience difficulty during manual placement and removal of the prosthesis, especially when the sulcus is very deep. Ocular prosthesis is commonly removed with fingers or suction cups. Although the suction cups are popular, its efficiency lasts only for a limited period. Moreover, it is not easily available in the rural Indian market...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammed, Janavi Kamath, K Kamalakanth Shenoy
Facial defects can result from a variety of reasons including trauma, burns, infections, congenital disorders, and neoplasms which require surgical correction or prosthetic rehabilitation or both. Prosthetic replacement using various materials is the treatment of choice when other surgical options are not possible. This report presents a case of acquired nasal defect secondary to a surgically operated adenoid cystic carcinoma using silicone as the material of choice.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jyoti Karani, Arshad Idrisi, Saloni Mistry, Praveen Badwaik, Ashutosh Pai, Sangeeta Yadav
Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the depth of curve of Spee in normal dentitions and dentitions with occlusal wear using conventional and digital software techniques. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 healthy human subjects were selected for this study in an age group of 20-50 years. Group A includes the stone models (dental casts) of 35 individuals with healthy (nonattrited) dentition. Group B includes stone models of 35 individuals with occlusal wear (generalized attrited) dentition...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Abhishek Shekhar, Samiran Das, Jayanta Bhattacharyya, Preeti Goel, Sayan Majumdar, Soumitra Ghosh
Aims: This study aims to find the effect of change in different salivary factors before and after complete denture insertion and to measure the maxillary denture retention in different arch forms. Materials and Methods: Thirty completely edentulous individuals (10 each of square, tapered, and ovoid arch form of maxilla) belonging to the age group of 40-70 years were selected. Salivary factors (flow, density, pH, viscosity, and total protein) were evaluated before and after denture insertion...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Bhushan Satish Gaikwad, Girish Nazirkar, Rajani Dable, Shailendra Singh
Purpose: The present study aims to compare and evaluate the marginal fit and axial wall adaptability of Co-Cr copings fabricated by metal laser sintering (MLS) and lost-wax (LW) techniques using a stereomicroscope. Materials and Methods: A stainless steel master die assembly was fabricated simulating a prepared crown; 40 replicas of master die were fabricated in gypsum type IV and randomly divided in two equal groups. Group A coping was fabrication by LW technique and the Group B coping fabrication by MLS technique...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Rajlakshmi Banerjee, Jaishree Chahande, Usha Radke, Priti Jaiswal
Background: Success of complete denture treatment lies in the ability to make it indiscernible from the natural. The selection of the six maxillary anterior teeth is of utmost importance as it contributes most to denture esthetics. Although various techniques and methods to determine the width of maxillary anterior teeth and its relation to various body measurements were done, the simple technique of using circumference of head has been less documented, specifically for Indian population...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Sukhjit Kaur, Kusum Datta
Purpose: The study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of orthopantomograph (OPG) as an aid to determine condylar guidance. Methodology: The condylar guidance was measured using the impressions of glenoid fossae and radiographs (OPG) on thirty dried human skulls. Frankfurt horizontal plane (FHP) was used as a reference plane in both the methods and wire markers were adapted to make the contours of glenoid fossae discernible for both the methods. The condylar inclination angle was measured between FHP and a line joining the most concave point on the glenoid fossa with the most inferior point on the articular eminence on both right and left sides...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Satyabodh Shesharaj Guttal, Ramesh K Nadiger, Pravinkumar Shetty
Context: Dental magnets are used for retaining removable prostheses such as a removable partial denture, complete denture, and maxillofacial prosthesis. They provide good retention for the prostheses. However, the elements released from the magnets may be cytotoxic for the tissues. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate their cytotoxic effect on cell lines. Aim: The aim of the study is to check the cytotoxic effect of indigenously fabricated dental magnets on animal cell lines...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Binoy Mathews Nedumgottil
Aims and Objective: Oral biofilms in denture wearers are populated with a large number of bacteria, a few of which have been associated with medical conditions such as sepsis and infective endocarditis (IE). The present study was designed to investigate the relative presence of pathogenic bacteria in biofilms of denture wearers specifically those that are associated with IE. Methods: Biofilm samples from 88 denture wearers were collected and processed to extract total genomic DNA...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Sanath Shetty, Mythili Kunta, Kamalakanth Shenoy
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare and correlate sagittal condylar guidance determined by intraoral gothic arch tracing method and panoramic radiograph in edentulous patients. Materials and Methods: Twelve completely edentulous patients were selected by the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Conventional steps in the fabrication of complete denture till jaw relation were carried out. Intraoral gothic arch tracing and protrusive interocclusal records were obtained for each patient...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Namrata Agrawal, Sumeet Jain, Deepak Agrawal
Introduction: The two implant-supported overdentures have overcome the retention and stability-related problems of conventional mandibular denture. Stud attachments are widely available, less expensive, and easy to use. Aims and Objectives: To determine fatigue resistance of two different stud attachments with two denture base materials - autopolymerizing and heat cure acrylic resin till 4320 cycles simulating 03 years of service. Materials and Methods: Stud implant overdenture attachments, i...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Reji P Gopalan, Vivek V Nair, K Harshakumar, R Ravichandran, S Lylajam, Prasanth Viswambaran
Background: Different pattern materials do not produce copings with satisfactory, marginal accuracy when used on stone dies at varying time intervals. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the vertical marginal accuracy of patterns formed from three materials, namely, thermoplastic resin, light cured wax and inlay casting wax at three-time intervals of 1, 12, and 24 h. Methodology: A master die (zirconia abutment mimicking a prepared permanent maxillary central incisor) and metal sleeve (direct metal laser sintering crown #11) were fabricated...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
N Gopi Chander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Azam Sadat Mostafavi, Seyed Mehran Falahchai
In teeth with furcation involvement, root amputation is one of the treatment choices. A challenge which a dentist may encounter with is the prosthetic treatment of such teeth when their adjacent teeth are intact. According to the current goal of operative dentistry based on conservative treatment, it would be desirable to do in a manner resulting in minimal damage to the adjacent sound teeth. In the following case report, a step-by-step conservative treatment sequences of a mandibular molar with distal root amputation which not involving surrounding teeth is described...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
George Michelinakis
This case report presents an alternative method for fabricating an obturator for patients that develop xerostomia and mild trismus following radiation to the Head and Neck region. Multiple initial impression stages are avoided leading to less irritation to soft tissues and less discomfort to the patient. A 69-year-old male patient was referred to our dental practice by the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the local General Hospital. The patient had undergone a right maxillectomy for removal of a Squamous Cell Carcinoma 2 weeks prior...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Rizwana Anjum, Sunil V Dhaded, Shalini Joshi, Chandra Shekhar Sajjan, Priyanka Konin, Yavaneetha Reddy
Aim: Various chemical solutions have been recommended for denture disinfection; however, the immersion effect on the properties of denture base resin may also have effect on strength of the resin material. The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare and evaluate the flexural strength of heat-cure acrylic denture base resin by combination method of denture cleansing and plant extract immersion. Materials and Methods: In this study, ninety specimens of heat-cure acrylic denture base resin material were fabricated with dimensions of 65 mm × 10 mm × 3...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Mohit G Kheur, Dilip Kakade, Coward J Trevor, Tabrez Amin Lakha, Tania Sethi
Aim and Objective: The aim and objective of the study is to evaluate effect of ultraviolet (UV) stabilizer (UV absorber Chimassorb 81) on color change of pigmented silicone elastomer when commercially available (red and yellow), and newly developed pigments (sicotrans red and sicopal brown) were used. Materials and Methods: Two commercially available pigments - red (P112 Brilliant Red) and yellow (P106 Yellow) and two newly developed pigments - sicotrans red and sicopal brown were studied...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Ipsha Singh, K Chandrasekharan Nair, Jayakar Shetty
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the strain developed in simulated mandibular model before and after the joining of an implant-supported screw-retained prosthesis by different joining techniques, namely, arc welding, laser welding, and soldering. Materials and Methods: A specimen simulating a mandibular edentulous ridge was fabricated in heat-cured acrylic resin. 4-mm holes were drilled in the following tooth positions; 36, 33, 43, 46. Implant analogs were placed in the holes...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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