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Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746610/an-alternative-technique-for-hollowing-maxillary-complete-denture
#1
Suryakant C Deogade, Aditi Patel, Sneha S Mantri
Extreme resorption of edentulous maxilla may cause difficulty during fabrication of a maxillary complete denture. Increased inter-ridge distance often creates a clinical problem due to heavy-weighted maxillary prosthesis. This article elaborates an alternative approach for hollowing a maxillary complete denture. It utilizes a clear template of the trial denture facilitating the creation of a gelatin cavity form. This hollowing ensures the even thickness of both denture base resins for structural integrity and reduces the heaviness of the denture...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746609/implant-assisted-removable-partial-denture-an-approach-to-switch-kennedy-class-i-to-kennedy-class-iii
#2
Arun Ramchandran, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Pooran Chand, Ramashanker, Raghuwar Dayal Singh, Anusar Gupta
The Kennedy Class I and II distal extension situation poses a challenge to the prosthodontist as it inherently possesses a lack of stability, which may be attributed to the difference in compressibility of the mucosa and the periodontal ligament surrounding the distal-most abutment tooth. This results in a rotational tendency of the prosthesis around the line connecting its terminal abutments. Placement of osseointegrated dental implants in the posterior edentulous regions, distal to the terminal abutment provides improved vertical support to the distal extension removable partial denture, effectively converting its intraoral performance from a Kennedy Class I to a Class III situation, thereby resulting in improved stability of the prosthesis and consequently, enhanced patient satisfaction...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746608/lobule-separator-prosthesis-to-prevent-adhesion-of-reconstructed-ear-lobe
#3
Lokendra Gupta, Parul Pujary, Priyanka Agarwal
An adhesion is a band of scar tissue that binds two parts of the tissue together, which develops when the body's repair mechanisms respond to any tissue disturbance, such as surgery, infection, trauma, or radiation. Prevention of unwanted scar bands is of utmost importance to develop esthetic and healthy tissue. This article describes a technique to prevent the adhesion of the surgically reconstructed ear lobule with facial skin, using novel lobule separator prosthesis.
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746607/panacea-to-lost-gingival-tissue-architecture-and-spacing-silicone-gingival-prosthesis
#4
Brajendra S Tomar, G S Chandu, Shubhra Singh, Manish Goutam
The positive psychological effects of improving patients' smile often contribute to an improved self-image and enhanced self-esteem. Periodontal disease may lead to tooth and tissue loss that can result in esthetic problems. Combined periodontal/prosthodontic treatment for patients with advanced disease is well documented. This case report illustrates a method of treatment for an advanced tissue loss in an esthetic area using a removable silicone gingival prosthesis/mask.
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746606/a-bar-and-ball-attachment-prosthesis-over-osseointegrated-implants-post-mandibular-resection
#5
Sharad Gupta, Akshay Bhargava, Praful Mehra
Rehabilitation of mandibular resection poses functional, esthetic, and psychological challenges. The deviation and rotation of the mandible toward the resected side leaves the patient with almost no option of chewing. This is aggravated if the patient is edentulous. The case report discussed in this article was an edentulous patient taken up with the primary goal to limit deviation toward resected side and provide a stable and retentive prosthesis to the patient. Two implants were placed anteriorly, splinted with bar and clip supported superstructure...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746605/prosthetic-management-of-posttraumatic-external-auditory-canal-atresia-a-rare-cause-of-conductive-hearing-loss
#6
A R Adhershitha, S Anilkumar, C Rajesh, Deepak C Mohan
Acquired external auditory canal (EAC) atresia is an infrequent entity which can originate from a number of different causes including trauma, infection, neoplasia, inflammation, and radiotherapy. Posttraumatic atresias are exceptionally rare, only 10% of atresias are attributed to trauma in most of the series. The management of stenosis of the EAC is challenging as it is associated with residual hearing loss and late recurrence. Traditional stents often occlude the EAC, resulting in a temporary conductive hearing loss...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746604/custom-anatomic-healing-abutments
#7
Vinayak S Gowda, Dhruv Anand, Manoj Kumar Sundar, Agnelo Michael Reveredo, Shilpa Shetty
Dental implants with their increasing success rates and predictability of final outcome are fast becoming the treatment of choice for replacing missing teeth. Considering the success of immediate implant placement in reducing tissue loss and achieving good esthetic results, is making it a more popular treatment modality in implant dentistry. Understanding the management of gingival tissues in relation to implants to obtain maximum esthetics is of utmost importance. The use of provisional abutments and immediate temporization has a proven track record of their ability to produce optimal esthetics and to guide the tissue response during the healing phase...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746603/in-vitro-retention-force-measurement-for-three-different-attachment-systems-for-implant-retained-overdenture
#8
Kareem Mohammed Reda, Ibrahim Ramadan El-Torky, Mohamed Nabeel El-Gendy
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the retention force of three different types of overdenture attachment systems used in implant-retained mandibular complete overdentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one similar acrylic resin blocks were prepared and divided into three study groups: Group A (snap attachment) - 10 specimens, Group B (locator attachment) - 1 specimen, and Group C (syncone attachment) - 10 specimens. A single rectangular heat cure acrylic resin block with two implant analogs 22 mm apart was used with all specimens...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746602/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-dental-professionals-regarding-the-effect-and-management-of-food-impaction-associated-with-fixed-partial-denture-prostheses-a-survey
#9
Aradhana Nagarsekar, Ridhima Gaunkar, Meena Aras
OBJECTIVE: This survey was undertaken to assess dentist's opinion regarding the occurrence and pattern of food impaction in relation to fixed partial denture (FPD) prostheses, its commonly observed consequences, factors contributing to it, and its management. METHODS: A descriptive survey was conducted on a sample size of 150 dental practitioners. The pro forma consisted of informed consent, demographic information, and questionnaire. The results were tallied and quantitative analysis was performed to obtain the descriptive statistics for the data using SPSS version 20...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746601/an-evaluation-of-patient-s-decisions-regarding-dental-prosthetic-treatment
#10
Nupur D Shrirao, Saee P Deshmukh, Neelam A Pande, Usha M Radke
INTRODUCTION: For fabricating dental prostheses that meet patients' demands and have good longevity and function, appropriate treatment planning and decision-making are required. Therefore, not only technical skills and clinical judgment of the dentist are needed, but also patients' attitude toward treatment plays a critical role in posttreatment satisfaction. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting decision-making and the selection of dental prosthesis by the patients...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746600/influence-of-three-different-implant-thread-designs-on-stress-distribution-a-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis
#11
Mansi Manish Oswal, Ulhas N Amasi, Manish S Oswal, Ashish S Bhagat
PURPOSE: Clinical success of implant prosthodontics is dependent in part upon the type of implant thread design. The selection of implant thread design plays an important role in the outcome of the treatment. This study was undertaken to evaluate the pattern of stress distribution using a finite element analysis; hence, the area which would be bearing maximum load for a given design would be arrived. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three implants with different thread designs, namely V-thread, buttress, and reverse buttress thread designs were considered and dimensions were standardized...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746599/comparison-of-accuracies-of-an-intraoral-spectrophotometer-and-conventional-visual-method-for-shade-matching-using-two-shade-guide-systems
#12
Vidhya Parameswaran, S Anilkumar, S Lylajam, C Rajesh, Vivek Narayan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study compared the shade matching abilities of an intraoral spectrophotometer and the conventional visual method using two shade guides. The results of previous investigations between color perceived by human observers and color assessed by instruments have been inconclusive. The objectives were to determine accuracies and interrater agreement of both methods and effectiveness of two shade guides with either method. METHODS: In the visual method, 10 examiners with normal color vision matched target control shade tabs taken from the two shade guides (VITAPAN Classical™ and VITAPAN 3D Master™) with other full sets of the respective shade guides...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746598/microbial-contamination-of-removable-dental-prosthesis-at-different-interval-of-usage-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Vijita Vijay Nair, G N Karibasappa, Arun Dodamani, V K Prashanth
BACKGROUND: Loss of teeth affects the individual's health. Many factors determine the need to wear a removable dental prosthesis. Due to nature of design, age and lack of awareness, prosthesis often are neglected to maintain in an aseptic condition leading to microbial contamination. This provided an impetus for the present study with the aim of determining the microbial contamination of removable dental prosthesis. METHODOLOGY: Total, 45 patients wearing removable dental prosthesis were randomly selected...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746597/comparative-evaluation-of-border-molding-using-two-different-techniques-in-maxillary-edentulous-arches-a-clinical-study
#14
Anchal Qanungo, Meena Ajay Aras, Vidya Chitre, Ivy Coutinho, Praveen Rajagopal, Ashwin Mysore
PURPOSE: The aim of this in vivo study was to compare the single-step border molding technique using injectable heavy viscosity addition silicone with sectional border molding technique using low fusing impression compound by evaluating the retention of heat cure trial denture bases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten completely edentulous patients in need of prostheses were included in this study. Two border molding techniques, single-step (Group 1) and sectional (Group 2), were compared for retention...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746596/analysis-of-the-curve-of-spee-and-the-curve-of-wilson-in-adult-indian-population-a-three-dimensional-measurement-study
#15
Sowmya Velekkatt Surendran, Sharmila Hussain, S Bhoominthan, Sanjna Nayar, Ragavendra Jayesh
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: When reconstructing the occlusal curvatures dentists often use a 4-inch radii arc as a rough standard based on Monson spherical theory. The use of an identical radius for the curve of Spee for all patients may not be appropriate because each patient is individually different. The validity of application of this theory in the Indian population and the present study has been undertaken. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study is an attempt to evaluate the curve of Spee and curve of Wilson in young Indian population using three dimensional analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746595/evaluation-of-the-flexural-strength-and-microhardness-of-provisional-crown-and-bridge-materials-fabricated-by-different-methods
#16
Shruti Digholkar, V N V Madhav, Jayant Palaskar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength and microhardness of provisional restorative materials fabricated utilizing rapid prototyping (RP), Computer Assisted Designing and Computer Assisted Milling (CAD-CAM) and conventional method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty specimens of dimensions 25 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm (ADA-ANSI specification #27) were fabricated each using: (1) Three dimensional (3D) printed light-cured micro-hybrid filled composite by RP resin group, (2) a milled polymethyl methacrylate (CH) using CAD-CAM (CC resin group), and (3) a conventionally fabricated heat activated polymerized CH resin group...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746594/determination-of-vertical-dimension-of-occlusion-using-lateral-profile-photographs-a-pilot-study
#17
Dileep Nag Vinnakota, Krishna Chaitanya Kanneganti, Mahesh Pulagam, Gopala Krishna Keerthi
PURPOSE: To hypothesize a new theory based on soft tissue reference points on lateral profile photographs (LPPs) for determining the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO), as there is need to explore for simple strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three participants in the age range of 20-27 years who met the inclusion criteria were recruited. LPPs were taken for all participants using standard protocol and duplicate copies obtained, on which five soft tissue reference points, nasion (Stn), subnasale (Stsn), porion (Stp), gnathion (Stgn), and gonion (Stg) (Stg prenoted on the face) were marked and joined to form angles; distance between Stsn and Stgn was considered as VDO in LPP (VDO-LP)...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746593/maxillary-sinus-augmentation-using-sinus-membrane-elevation-without-grafts-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Rakshith Hegde, Krishna Prasad, Kaiwan Khurshed Shroff
Implants have a predictable outcome and are the foremost treatment modality for prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Due to loss of bone after extraction and pneumatization of maxillary sinus, there is insufficient bone volume for implant placement. The direct maxillary sinus lift procedure has been performed with different grafting materials (autogenous bone grafts, alloplasts, allografts, and xenografts) and without grafting material, having new bone formation around the implant. There is no evidence to prove the need for grafting material in all direct sinus lift procedures, hence the need for this review...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746592/nanoresearch-in-prosthetic-dentistry
#19
EDITORIAL
N Gopi Chander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621555/pneumatic-impression-improving-dental-arch-impression-with-an-inflatable-balloon
#20
Lokendra Gupta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this impression technique is to overcome the problem associated with restricted mouth opening in association with high arched palate by employing pneumatic impression technique using latex balloon. METHODS: A stock tray was modified with auto polymerizing acrylic resin. On the modified tray, a latex balloon was attached with aid of cyanoacrylate. The outlet of the balloon was then connected to a clinical sphygmomanometer bulb with the rubber pipe for air passage which would aid in inflating the balloon...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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